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LESSON PLAN

SCHOOL – Bilciurești
GRADE – 7th
LEVEL – intermediate
TEACHER – Mădăran Ramona Iuliana
UNIT: : Give me a clue.
LESSON –Present deduction and speculation
TYPE OF LESSON – communication of new knowledge
DATE – 16th of March 2018
TIME – 50 minutes

COMPETENCES
1. Receptarea mesajelor orale
1.1. Înțelegerea unor instrucțiuni verbale

3. Receptarea mesajelor scrise


3.4. Înțelegerea unor informații din tabele, scheme etc.

AIMS
At the end of the lesson students will be able to:
1. use modals of deduction in the present forms (at least 2 forms);
2. deduce the meaning of modals of deduction in the present forms (minimum 1 sentence);
3. make guesses about imaginary situations.

SKILLS
writing
reading
listening

TECHNIQUES
dialogues
group work
observation
explanation
individual work
brainstorming
handouts
game

RESOURCES
overhead projector/ laptop/ speakers
flipchart/ blackboard
cards/ notebooks
power point presentation
handouts/ paper flower

ANTICIPATED PROBLEMS
- students might find difficulties in creating their own deductions;
- students might need some guided help or extra explanations;
- T will offer Ss supplementary explanation in Romanian if it is necessary.
ACTIVITIES

WARM UP
AIM *creating a pleasant atmosphere for the English class;
*helping students feel relaxed.
INTERACTION *T – Ss
*Ss – T
PROCEDURE *T asks Ss How are you today? / Is anybody absent? / Are you ready to
start the English class?;
*Ss answer T’s questions;
ESTIMATED TIME *1 minute

TRANSITION TO
THE NEW TOPIC
AIDS SS’ homework
AIM *checking if there were any problems with their homework.
INTERACTION *Ss – Ss
*Ss – T
PROCEDURE *T asks Ss what their homework was;
*Ss read their homework sentences.
ESTIMATED TIME *3 minutes

PRESENTATION: A.
1. LEAD IN ( pre-
reading/pre-
speaking/pre-
writing/pre-listening)
AIDS *blackboard, puzzles
AIM *eliciting information about famous characters;
COMPETENCES 1.1. Înțelegerea unor instrucțiuni verbale
INTERACTION *Ss – T
*T – Ss
PROCEDURE *T gives Ss some puzzles to solve (Appendix 1);
*Ss solve the puzzles;
*T asks the Ss: Do you recognize the characters? Elicit "they are
detective stories characters". Do you know how they solved their cases?
Elicit "by making guesses/deductions". What is "deduction"? Ss check
the dictionaries: "guesses made on facts we know"
*T writes the title on the blackboard and mentions the aims of the lesson.
*Ss are told they are going to be detectives for an hour and make some
guesses about different situations.
ESTIMATED TIME *5 minutes
2. B.
AIDS *paper flower
AIM * deducing the meaning of modals of deduction in the present forms;
COMPETENCES 3.4. Înțelegerea unor informații din tabele, scheme etc.
INTERACTION *Ss – T
*T – Ss
PROCEDURE *T shows Ss a big flower on which there are written some sentences and
definitions; (Appendix 2)
*The Ss read the sentences and try to match each definition with the
corresponding modal verb;
*the T gives the definition for the modal verbs and makes a quick
revision of the above modals for a better understanding
ESTIMATED TIME * 7 minutes

Practice 1
DEVELOPMENT/
PRACTICE (while-
reading/while-
speaking/while-
writing/while-
listening)
AIDS *handouts
AIM *practising modals of deduction in the present forms
COMPETENCES 3.4. Înțelegerea unor informații din tabele, scheme etc.
INTERACTION *Ss – T (individual work)
*T – Ss
*Ss-Ss
PROCEDURE *T gives Ss a worksheet in order to see if they use the modal verbs in the
right context (Appendix 3)
ESTIMATED TIME * 7 minutes
I Practice 2
AIDS *handouts, blackboard
AIM * using modals of deduction in the present forms;
COMPETENCES 3.4. Înțelegerea unor informații din tabele, scheme etc.
INTERACTION *Ss –Ss (groupwork)
*Ss – T
PROCEDURE *T gives Ss another worksheet; (Appendix 4) – groups 1& 3 (groups 2 &
4 help them correcting)
*Ss have to rephrase the sentences by using one modal verb for deduction
so that they have the same meaning.
ESTIMATED TIME * 5 minutes
Practice 3
AIDS *cards
AIMS * making guesses about imaginary situations;
COMPETENCES 1.1. Înțelegerea unor instrucțiuni verbale
INTERACTION *Ss – Ss (groupwork)
PROCEDURE *Ss get a "must for deduction" card and rephrase the sentence by saying
some possible situations; (Appendix 5) – group 1& 5
ESTIMATED TIME *7 minutes
PRODUCTION/
FEED-BACK (post-
reading/post-
speaking/post-
writing/post-
listening)
AIDS *power point, "Who is it?" game
AIM *making deduction of their own about their classmates
COMPETENCES 1.1. Înțelegerea unor instrucțiuni verbale
INTERACTION *Ss- Ss (pairwork)
* Ss-T
PROCEDURE *T present Ss a power point presentation which contains different
sentences. (Appendix 6)
*T writes Ss names on small cards and each S gets one card;
*Ss read the sentences and make deduction about the colleague on each
card
ESTIMATED TIME * 7 minutes

Emotional Feedback/
Aims’ checklist
Practice 1
AIDS *handout test
AIMS *checking the aims of the lesson
COMPETENCES 3.4. Înțelegerea unor informații din tabele, scheme etc.
INTERACTION *T-Ss
PROCEDURE *T asks Ss to solve one or both exercises on the test .(Appendix 7)
ESTIMATED TIME *3 minutes
Practice 2
AIMS *getting feed-back from the Ss
INTERACTION *Ss – T
PROCEDURE *Ss fill in an evaluation sheet (Appendix 8)
ESTIMATED TIME *3 minute

Assigning Homework
AIM *using modal verbs for deduction
INTERACTION *T – Ss
PROCEDURE *T writes the homework on the blackboard – “Letter to Jennifer.“
(Appendix 9)
ESTIMATED TIME *2 minute
APPENDIX 1
APPENDIX 2
SOMETHING THAT IS TRUE, BASED ON STRONG EVIDENCE

I CAN HEAR SOME MUSIC COMING FROM THE WINDOW. HE MUST BE AT HOME.

THEY MUST BE VERY RICH. LOOK AT THEIR HOUSE!

WE ARE SURE THAT SOMETHING IS IMPOSSIBLE

MARK TOLD ME SARAH WAS WORKING LATE TODAY, SO SHE CAN'T BE AT HOME
RIGHT NOW

SHE CAN'T BE ILL. I HAVE JUST SEEN HER IN THE SHOP AND SHE LOOKED FINE

SOMETHING IS POSSIBLE BUT WE ARE NOT SURE

DON'T PUT THE BOOK ON THE WINDOW. IT COULD FALL.

IT IS VERY CROWDED. HE MIGHT BE LATE.

APPENDIX 3
Complete the following sentences with CAN'T, MUST, MIGHT
1. Your mother __________ be a great cook. You are always so keen to get back home to eat!
2. I don't know why I am so tired these days. I __________ be working too hard. Or maybe I am
not sleeping too well.
3. Do you know where Carl is? He __________ be out - his car keys are on the table.
4. You seem to know everything about the theatre. You __________ go every week.
5. To give the promotion to Harold was silly. He __________ know much about this company
after only a year working here.
6. Go and look in the kitchen for your gloves. They __________ be in there.
7. Oh, the phone is ringing. Answer it. It __________ be Kate. She always rings at this time.
8. Dan has been drinking that whiskey since early this afternoon. He __________ be totally drunk
by now.
9. That couple __________ think much of this film. They're leaving already - after only 20
minutes!
10. That's the second new car they have bought this year. They __________ be very rich!
11. Harry doesn't answer the phone. He_______________ be in the movies.
12. Ring! Ring! That_______________ be mom; she said she'd call me back in a minute.
13. I_______________ have left my keys in the car...or maybe at John's.
14. Sue is late for class. She _______________have missed the bus.
15. That DVD_______________ cost more that 15€; it's an old movie!
16. Christina has already been three times to that new pizza restaurant. It_______ be really good.
17. Robert always gets straight A's. His parents_______________ be really proud of him.
18. Her new boyfriend is absolutely gorgeous. He_______________ be a model.
19. Lisa failed her driving test, so she_______________ be in a good mood right now.
20. George wasn't promoted as he had expected, so he_______________ be totally disappointed
with himself.
21. He and his sister_______________ come with us if their parents give them permission.
22. There's no reply. He__________ be out.
23. 2 I've got no idea where she is. Try the library. She____________ be in there.
24. Look at the way that guy's walking. He__________ be drunk!
25. You __________ be hungry again. You've only just had dinner!

APPENDIX 4
Example:
Someone is knocking on the door. I’m sure it’s my brother – he promised to come today.
Someone is knocking on the door. It must be my brother – he promised to come today.
1. I'm sure he is here - I can see his car in front of the building.
He_____________ be here. I can see his car in front of the building.
2. They're coming this week but I don't know which day.

They ______________ be coming tomorrow.


3. I'm not sure I'm going to pass the exam. I don't feel very confident.
I _______________ pass the exam. I don’t feel very confident.
4. I've bought a lottery ticket. There's a chance I'll become a millionaire!
I __________________ become a millionaire!
5. I'm sure she doesn't speak French very well - she's only lived in Paris for a few weeks.
She __________________ speak French very well. She’s only lived in Paris for a few weeks.
6. My key's not in my pocket or on my desk so I'm sure it's in the drawer.
My key's not in my pocket or on my desk so it ________________ be in the drawer.
7. Someone told me that Mark was in Mexico but I saw him yesterday so I'm sure he's not abroad.
Mark ______________ be abroad.
8. You got the job? That's great. I'm sure you're delighted.
You got the job? That's great. You ________________ be delighted.
9. They told me to prepare the project by tomorrow but it's almost impossible to have it done so
fast.

I _______________ finish it by tomorrow if I stay at work all night, but I'm not sure.
I asked them to send the goods as soon as possible; we _____________ receive them by the end of
the week if the post is fast.

APPENDIX 5

1. MY GRANDMOTHER CAN REMEMBER THE FIRST CAR IN OUR TOWN.


"SHE MUST BE VERY OLD."
CONTINUE.
2. His father has got a Rolls Royce and a Ferrari.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. My brother's only twelve but he's going to University next year.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. My uncle's in prison.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. My grandmother goes to church twice a day.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. My grandfather thinks he's Napoleon.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. My aunt is a professional wrestler.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
8. My nephew weighs 100 kilos.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. My nieces are both champion gymnasts.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. My brother-in-law runs for 10 kilometres every morning.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

APPENDIX 7
GRAMMAR TEST-PRESENT DEDUCTION
I. You’ll see five pictures accompanied by sentences. For each one, fill in the blank with must
(if you think it is true) or can’t (if you think it’s not possible):

He __________________ be a vegetarian.

They __________________ be in love.

You studied all night. You _____________ be exhausted.

That ______________ be right….


She ________________ love her cat.

II. Type the correct answer into the box: must/ can’t/ might
a. She isn’t answering the phone. She be out.
b. They be Spanish, they’re speaking Portuguese.
c. He drives an expensive car. He have a good job.
d. It’s too early to have finished the exam. He have finished.
e. Sarah’s very busy. She might not be able to come tonight.
f. The kids are calm today. They tired.

APPENDIX 8
SELF EVALUATION

TODAY I HAVE LEANT THAT TODAY I DIDN’T UNDERSTAND

ONE WORD THAT GOT MY ATTENTION I FEEL.........


APPENDIX 9

Read the letter and with a partner answer the questions below.

Dear Jennifer
It was so nice to get your letter yesterday. We all really enjoy reading your letters, especially
Grandma. I’m glad to hear that everything is going well and you are enjoying the course. I hope you
are not feeling homesick - I’m sure you’ll get used to being away soon. How are you finding the
food? Dad is worried that you are only eating hot dogs and hamburgers but I told him that you can
probably get all kinds of different food there.
I suppose it must be very strange living in such a large city - very different from home. I
don’t think I could bear all the noise but you are young and it must be exciting for you. You didn’t
say anything about Mr and Mrs Greenbaum or the house. Are you the only one staying there? Mrs
Greenbaum sounded very nice on the phone when I called you last week. Do tell us more about
them when you write again.
Have you made many new friends yet? You mentioned Peter in your letter. He sounds very
nice. Dad and I are both looking forward to meeting him and Grandma is already thinking of
knitting baby clothes! I told her you were a bit young for that!
Well, darling, that’s about it for now. Remember, you can call us any time. Just reverse the
charges if you need to, but remember the time difference! We’re all looking forward to seeing you
at Christmas. Dad and Grandma both send their love.

Lots of Love

Making guesses
For each question choose one of the following with your partner
- you are very sure this is true
- you are very sure this is untrue - it isn’t possible
- it’s just a possibility but you have no strong idea
1. The writer is Jennifer’s mother.
2. The writer is Jennifer’s sister.
3. Jennifer’s first language is English.
4. Jennifer is working in a foreign country.
5. Jennifer is studying away from home.
6. Jennifer is studying in a small village in China.
7. Jennifer is studying in America.
8. Mrs Greenbaum is one of Jennifer’s classmates.
9. Mrs Greenbaum is Jennifer’s landlady.
10. Peter is a friend of Jennifer’s.
11. Peter is Jennifer’s boyfriend.
12. Jennifer is coming home for Christmas.

Bibliography:
Gray, Elizabeth; Evans, Virginia - “Welcome 2”, Express Publishing, 2000
*** - the English Curriculum for 7th grade, București, 2009
http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar/4g3-modals-deduction-exercise.php
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=5901
https://thevintagehouse.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/9must-for-
deductions1.doc+&cd=1&hl=ro&ct=clnk&gl=ro
www.eltbase.com/mats/20061226044712AG1_presposs_01.rtf+&cd=1&hl=ro&ct=clnk&gl=ro