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BB101-ENGINEERING SCIENCE

LAB REPORT

EXPERIMENT 3

GROUP NAME MATRIX NO


MEMBERS
KAVIYARASAN A/L 15DTK12F1030
SREERAM
VIMALES A/P 15DTK12F1031
KRISHNAN
AFIQ BIN JAZULI 15DTK12F1029
AG MOHD SUFRI BIN 15DTK12F1028
ZAHARI

TITLE BUOYANT FORCE


LECTURER’S NAME PUAN HASLINDA BINTI AB
AZIZ
(TO BE FILLED UP BY LECTURER)

DATE OF 9 OCTOBER 2012


SUBMISSION
LECTURER’S
COMMENTS
RUBRIC
ITEM MARKS
4 3 2 1
1. Procedures
2. Participation
3. Diagrams
4. Data
5. Calculations
6. Analysis
7. Error
Analysis
8. Questions
9. Conclusion
10. Submission
Date
Total
INTRODUCTION
The buoyant force on several objects is measured by weighing the water
displaced by the object as it is submerged. The buoyant force is also
determined by measuring the difference between the object's weight in air and
its apparent weight in water.Some of the objects have the same density, some
have the same volume, and some have the same mass. The density of each
object is measured and the dependence of the buoyant force on density, mass,
and volume is explored.

OBJECTIVES
At end of experiment,students will be able to:

1.Write the general formula for pressure.

2.Determine fluid buoyancy from Arcimedes Pricinple.

3.Know the relationship between the buoyant force on an object and the
weight of liquid displaced.

MAIN IDEA:
There are 3 types of presure i.e fluid buoyancy,fluids in n still condition
and fluids in moving condition.In this experiment,we will examine the
fluid buoyancy is still condition.
APPRATUS:
-Retort stand

-Spring Balance

-3 set of blocks (Wood,Metal,and Plastic)

-Beaker 200 ml and 100 ml

-Eureka Beaker

-String

ANALYSIS:
From the experiment ,we found that the result of weight of water displaced are
equal to the buoyant force.At the same time, the actual weight of object
reduced when we put the object into the beaker are filled up with water.This is
because if the object is not accelerating,the upward force acting on it must
equal the downward force of gravity on it. When the object is in the air, the
spring scale provides all of the upward force. When the block is submerged in
the water, the water provides part of the upward force ,so the spring scale
reading is decreased by an amount equal to the buoyant force.

ERROR ANALYSIS:
When we carry out the experiment ,we must becareful the systematic error and
parallax error.As an example ,before we using the electrical balance we must
make sure didn’t have any systematic error with the electrical balance.Beside
that ,before we want take the result at the spring balance ,we must put a piece
of paper behind the spring balance to avoid the parallax error.We also can
repeat the experiment to reduce the error.
PROCEDURE:
1.Hang a spring balance from the arm of retort stand.

2.Tie the wooden block with a string and hang it to the spring balance.

3.Record T1,the spring balance reading,in TABLE 1.

4.Fill the 200 ml beaker with water.

5.Then,move the arm of the retort stand with the wooden block still tied to it,
slowly downwards.

6.Let the wooden block rise/sink in teh water.

7.Water will spill out of the 200 ml beaker and into the 100 ml beaker.

8.Repeat the weigf the wooden block in water,T 2 in TABLE 1

9.Repeat the experiment for the metal and plastic blocks.

DIAGRAMS:
CALCULATION:
1. Conversion of units:
a. g→kg
example:
185.68g→kg
=185.68÷1000
=0.18568 kg
b. kg→N

example:

0.18568kg→N

=0.18568×9.81

=1.8215 N

2. Find the weight of water displaced:

a. Weight of water displaced (N)= weight of beaker and


displaced water(N)-weight of water displaced (N)

Example:

Weight of water displaced (N)=1.8215 N-0.9270 N

=0.8945 N

3. Find the buoyant force:

Example: Buoyant force =Actual Weight,T1–Apparent

Weight,T2

= 1N - 0.1N =0.9N

RESULT:
a. Weight of empty beaker =95.50 g

=936.855 N

b.

Type of Weight of Weight of Object Weight Bouyant


Object beaker Water (N) Force
and Displaced(N) Actual Apparent J=T1-T2
displaced Weight,T1 Weight,T2 (N)
Water (N)
Wood 98.11g 35.68g 0.651N 0.2 N 0.451N
0.96N 0.35N
Plastic 101.72g 120.66g 1.55 N 1.2 N 0.35N
1N 1183.67N
Metal 100.19g 37.76g 4.9N 4.4 N 0.51N
1N 0.37N

DISCUSSION:
If the metal block just desribed was suspended from a spring scale,
what happen to the reading of that scale when the block is
submerged in the water.
Solution: If the metal block is not accelerating,the upward force acting on it must
equal the downward force of gravity on it. When the block is in the air, the spring
scale provides all of the upward force. When the block is submerged in the water, the
water provides part of the upward force ,so the spring scale reading is decreased by
an amount equal to the buoyant force.

QUESTION:
1. based on experiment , which feels the greatest buoyant force?explain

From the experiment ,we found that the relationship between the weight of
water displaced are equal to the buoyant force on each is the same because of
identical pressure environments and equal water displacement. The difference
in behavior comes from the comparison of that buoyant force with the weight
of the object.

CONCLUSION :
After from the experiment ,we able to write and use the general formula of presure.We also
known the weight of water displaced is equal to the buoyant force. We also known if the
metal block is not accelerating,the upward force acting on it must equal the downward force
of gravity on it. When the block is in the air, the spring scale provides all of the upward force.
When the block is submerged in the water, the water provides part of the upward force ,so
the spring scale reading is decreased by an amount equal to the buoyant force.

REFFERENCE :
1. http://www.123helpme.com
2. http://www.practicalphysics.org

3. http://www.arborsci.com

4. Longman Essential Physics Form 4,Yap Eng Keat And Khoo Goh
Kow,Pearson Malaysia Sdn.Bhd 2008.