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Quality inspection entails automatic or manual inspection lot creation,

results recording, making usage decision, and stock posting (if applicable).
Multiple specifications functionality brings many more choices to quality
planning and quality inspection.
3 Quality Inspection
Continuing with the quality planning master data that you set up in Chapter 2,
this chapter delves into turning the same quality planning setup into quality
inspection. Quality inspection is a series of business process steps that the users
undertake to perform inspection of a material, record any defects found, and take
appropriate decision to use the material in further logistics and supply chain functions.
Figure 3.1 illustrates a straightforward business process of quality inspection. The
process begins when the system automatically or business user manually creates
an inspection lot 1, which is the beginning of the necessary inspection process.
The quality inspector records the inspection results 2, records any defects 3, and
makes usage decision 4. The results recording step is the actual and factual data
entry of results of each characteristic that is slated for inspection. The inspection
results help you decide whether to use the material for further processing, such as
in procurement, production, or sales. The stock posting 5 is the last step in quality
inspection and determines whether the stock kept in quality inspection will be
released to unrestricted use, blocked, scrapped, or returned to the vendor. Several
inspection types are not stock based; that is, no stock posting is required, and
the quality inspection process ends with usage decision only.
Figure 3.1 Inspection Lot Processing
Inspection
lot
(automatic/
manual)
Results
recording
Defects
recording
(if any)
Usage
decision
Stock
posting (if
applicable)

This chapter explores several optimization and productivity enhancement


options available for quality inspection and quality planning. Then, it covers
material specifications, which is an intuitive and user-friendly functionality that
caters to the specific needs of process industries. Next is the case study that lets
you configure a new inspection type, maintain its master data, and execute the
business processes of quality inspection. Finally, this chapter covers the combined
configuration basics of quality planning and quality inspection.
3.1 Business Processes in Quality Inspection
As already explained, the business processes of quality inspection covers the following:
_ Inspection lot
_ Results recording
_ Usage decision
_ Stock posting
_ Defects recording
_ Inspection report
We’ll discuss each in the following sections.
3.1.1 Inspection Lot Creation
When the system or the user creates an inspection lot in the system, the inspection
lot requires an inspection plan or material specification to calculate the sample
size. This sample size is then used for results recording and making usage
decision. However, if the system is unable to calculate the sample size due to a
missing or invalid inspection plan or material specification, you can’t record
results or take usage decision of the inspection lot.
To view the details of the inspection lot, use Transaction QA02 or the menu path
Logistics _ Quality Management _ Quality Inspection _ Inspection Lot Processing
_ Change. Figure 3.2 shows inspection lot 3193 of material 2037 for
batch 0000000435, which the system automatically creates at the end of the procurement
process. Here, the code for the vendor from whom the company procured
the material is 1000. One of the system statuses for the inspection lot 3193