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Formwork Design Reference
Properties of Concrete Pour CP 23
Concrete Denisity, ρc = 25 kN/m³
Slump = 100 mm
Rate of Concrete Pour, R = 1 m/hr
Concrete Temperature, T = 30 ⁰C
K= 0.61 (36/T+16)² 3.4.3.1
Maximum Pour Height = 1 m
Lining Thickness, t = 350 mm (Max)
Wall Ht., H = 5.41 m h1
Vertical Pour Height, h = 5.41 m

Concrete Pressure on Side of Formwork CP 23


Pmax = D[(C1√R) + (C2K(√H-C1√R))] OR Dh Which is smaller H 3.4.3.1
C1 = 1
C2 = 0.6 Table 1
Dh = 135.25 kN/m² h2
Pmax = 44.3 kN/m²
Pmax = 44.3 kN/m²
h1 = 1.77 m Pmax/D
h2 = 3.64 m H-h1 Pmax

Concrete Pressure on Top of Formwork


Pw = 8.75 kN/m² ρct

4mm Steel Plate


Width, bp = 1000 mm per meter run
Thickness, tp = 4 mm
Yield Stress, py = 345 N/mm²
Elastic modulus, E = 205000 N/mm²
Section Modulus, Zp = 2667 mm³ bptp²/6
Shear Area, Asp = 4000 mm² bptp
Second Moment Area, Ip = 5333 mm⁴ bptp³/12
Moment Resistance, Mr = 0.92 kN-m Spy
Allowable Shear Stress , Sa = 207 N/mm² 0.6py
Max. Shear Stress, Ss = 1.06 N/mm² Staad Pro Result
Max. Moment, M = 0.359 kN-m Staad Pro Result

Rib Plate Detail


Thickness, t = 4 mm
Depth, d = 50 mm
Yeild Strength, py = 345 N/mm²
Elastic Modulus, E = 205000 N/mm²
Area, A = 200 mm² td
Plastic Modulus, S = 1667 mm³ td²/4

Section Capacity Check


Shear Check
Shear Capacity, Pv = 37.26 kN 0.6Avfy >Fv OK 4.2.3
Shear Area, Av = 180 mm² 0.9A
Shear Force, F = 0.009 kN Staad Pro Result

Bending Check
Moment Capacity, Mc = 0.58 kN-m pyS Low Shear >M OK 4.2.5.2
Max. Moment, M = 0.455 kN-m Staad Pro Result

Tension Check
Tension Capacity, Ta = 55.2 kN 0.8Apy
Max Tension Force, T = 11.983 kN Staad Pro Result

Combined Effect of Bending and Tension


T1 = 7.645 kN Staad Pro Result
M1 = 0.33 kN-m Staad Pro Result
T1/Ta + M/Mc = 0.93 <1 OK
T/Ta + M1/Mc = 0.79 <1 OK
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Client Made By Date Page
Location LHC 3/14/2018 2
Checked Revision Job No.
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Frame Plate Detail
Thickness, t = 20 mm
Depth, d = 50 mm
Yeild Strength, py = 345 N/mm²
Elastic Modulus, E = 205000 N/mm²
Area, A = 1000 mm² td
Plastic Modulus, S = 12500 mm³ td²/4
Second Moment Area, Iy = 33333 mm⁴ dt³/12
ry = 5.77 mm √I/A

Section Capacity Check


Shear Check
Shear Capacity, Pv = 186.30 kN 0.6Avfy >Fv OK 4.2.3
Shear Area, Av = 900 mm² 0.9A
Shear Force, F = 11.775 kN Staad Pro Result

Bending Check
Moment Capacity, Mc = 4.31 kN-m pyS Low Shear >M OK 4.2.5.2
Max. Moment, M = 3.964 kN-m Staad Pro Result

Axial Resistance
Axial Force, P = 13.65 kN Staad Pro Result
Pc = 295.58 kN Apc >P OK
pc = 295.58 N/mm² pepy/ø+√(ø²-pepy)
ø= 925.26 py+(ƞ+1)pe/2 C.1
pe = 1332.20 N/mm² ∏²E/ʎ²
ƞ= 0.13 α(ʎ-ʎo)/1000
α= 5.5 Strut Curve b C.2
ʎo = 15.32 0.2√(∏²E/py)
ʎx = 38.97 LB/rv
L= 225 mm

P/Pc + M/Mc ≤ 1 0.97 OK

Design of Bolt Grade 8.8 M16


Moment, M = 0.884 kN-m Staad Pro Result
Shear, F = 3.264 kN Staad Pro Result
No. of Bolt, Ns = 2
No. of Bolt, N1 = 1
Bolt Distance, s = 0.144 m
Tension force, pt = 6.14 kN M/s
Shear Force, Fs = 1.632 kN F/Ns
Bolt Diameter, db = 16 mm
Bolt Hole, dh = 18 mm db+2

Minimum Spacing and Edge Distance of Bolt


Minimum Spacing, smin = 40 mm 2.5db 6.2.1.1
Minimum Edge Distance, emin = 22.5 mm 1.25dh

Shear Check
ps = 375 mm²
Shear Area, As = 157 mm²
Shear Capacity, Ps = 58.88 kN psAs OK 4.2.3

Tension Check 6.3.4.1


Tension Capacity, Pnom = 70.34 kN 0.8ptAt OK
Tension Area, At = 157 mm²
Tensile Strength, pt = 560 N/mm² Table 34

Fs/Ps + Ft/Pnom ≤ 1.4 0.11 OK


Project
Client Made By Date Page
Location LHC 3/14/2018 3
Checked Revision Job No.
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Holding Down Bolt Design (M16 Grade 8.8) @ Center Support
Tension force, T = 65.726 kN Staad Pro Result
Shear, F = 0.053 kN Staad Pro Result
No. of bolt, N = 4
Ft = 16.43 kN T/N

Tension Check 6.3.4.1


Tension Capacity, Pnom = 70.34 kN 0.8ptAt OK
Bolt Area, At & As = 157 mm²
Tensile Strength, pt = 560 N/mm² Table 34

Shear Check 4.2.3


Shear Capacity, Ps = 58.88 kN psAs OK
ps = 375 mm²

Combine Shear and Tension 6.3.4.4


Fs/Ps + Ft/Pnom ≤ 1.4 0.94 OK

Anchorage Length Design BS8110


Length Required, l = 184.59 mm Fs/fbpiϕe 3.12.8.3
Fs = 16.43 kN Ft
fb = 1.77 N/mm² β√fcu 3.12.8.4
β= 0.28 Table 3.26
fcu = 40 N/mm² Min.
ϕe = 16 mm d

Weld Design of Beam to Base Plate


Weld Strenght, pw = 0.22 kN/mm² Table 37
Weld Thickness, wt = 4 mm
Weld Length, wl = 320 mm 80*4
k= 1.25
a= 2.8 0.7wt
Transverse Capacity, Pt = 246.4 kN awswlk >Tu OK 6.8.7.3

Weld Strenght, pw = 0.22 kN Table 37


Weld Thickness, wt = 4 mm
Weld Length, wl = 160 mm
a= 2.8 0.7wt
Longitudinal Capacity, Pl = 98.56 kN awswl >F OK 6.8.7.3

(T/Pt)² + (F/Pl)² ≤ 1 0.07 OK

Base Plate Design BS 5950


Length, Lp = 150 mm
Width, Bp = 150 mm
Plate Thickness, t = 10 mm

Determine Plate Thickness


Required Thickness, tp = 5.99 mm √6Z/Bp <t OK 4.13.2.2
Edge Bolt distance, e = 20 mm
Yeild Strength of Plate, pyp = 275 N/mm²
Post Width, b = 80 mm
Distance of Bolt to Post, a = 0.015 m
Moment, M = 0.25 kN-m Fta
Required Section modulus, Z = 896.26 mm³ M/pyp

Holding Down Bolt Design (M16 Grade 8.8) @ Edge Support


Shear, Fx = 65.726 kN Staad Pro Result
Shear, Fz = 39.526 kN Staad Pro Result
Shear, F = 76.70 kN √Fx²+Fz²
No. of Bolt, N = 2

Shear Check
Shear Force per Bolt, Fs = 38.35 kN 4.2.3
Shear Capacity, Ps = 58.88 kN psAs OK
ps = 375 mm²
Project
Client Made By Date Page
Location LHC 3/14/2018 4
Checked Revision Job No.
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Bolt Connection Design (Grade 8.8) for Formwork BS 5950
Formwork Diameter, D = 5.8 m
Formwork Length, L = 1.52 m
Width, B = 0.6 m
Bolt Diameter, db = 12 mm
No. of Bolt, n = 12
Bolt Shear Strength, ps = 375 N/mm² Table 30
Bolt Tensile Strength, pt = 560 N/mm² Table 34
Bolt Hole Diameter, dh = 15 mm Table 33
Bolt Area, A = 84.3 mm²
Edge distance of Bolt, e = 25 mm 6.2.2.1
Bolt Spacing, s = 112.5 mm
Total Shear Force on bolt, F = 80.79 kN 2PmaxLB
Shear Force per bolt, Fs = 6.73 kN F/n

Bolt Capacity Check


Shear Area, As = 84.3 mm² A
Shear Capacity, Ps = 31.6125 kN psAs >Fs OK 6.3.2.1

Bearing Capacity Check of Connected Part


Plate Thickness, t = 10 mm Table 32
Bearing Strength, pbs = 460 N/mm²
kbs = 1 Standard Hole
Bearing Capacity, Pbs = 55 kN kbsdbtpbs <0.5kbsetpbs >Fs OK 6.3.3.3