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Bobbin holds the thread inside the machine

Bobbin case holds the bobbin; allows the bobbin to turn and form the
stitch; provides bobbin thread tension

Bobbin winder spindle holds the bobbin while it winds

Bobbin winder tension provides tension on the thread when the bobbin winds

Feed dog moves the fabric along as you sew

Feed dog control knob lowers and raises the feed dog

Foot or knee control controls how fast the machine sews

Handwheel controls the movement of the take-up lever and needle; can
be controlled by power or by hand; always turn it toward

Handwheel release stops needle movement during bobbin winding

Light switch turns the light off and on

Needle carries the thread and pierces the fabric

Needle clamp holds the needle in place

Needle plate fits around the feed dogs; the needle goes through it; it has
a seam guide on it

Needle position control knob moves the needle to different positions: center, right, and

Power switch turns the sewing machine on or off

Presser foot holds fabric in place while you sew

Presser foot lever lifts and lowers the presser foot

Reverse control allows the machine to stitch backward

Spool pin holds the spool of thread in place

Stitch-length control sets the length of the stitch

Stitch-pattern selector shows you which pattern the machine will sew

Stitch-width control sets the width of the zigzag stitch

(zigzag control)

Take-up lever pulls thread from the spool

Thread cutter a place to cut the thread(s) without using scissors

Thread guides holds the thread in place on the sewing machine

Thread tension control adjusts tension on the thread as required for a particular
The procedures and rules for using the sewing machines:

1. Before sewing, pull threads UNDER and BACK behind the presser foot about 3 or 4

2. The handwheel always turns toward you, even when you stitch in reverse.

3. Keep fingers several stitches away from stitching line; keep them flat on the machine to
the sides of the presser foot.

4. The presser foot must always be in the down position for sewing.

5. Don’t force or pull the fabric—the machine will feed it automatically.

6. Use the tread cutter to cut the thread tails or trim threads with scissors as you work.

7. The take-up lever should always be at the top when beginning and ending a line of

8. Report any needed repairs.

9. NEVER sew paper in the sewing machine.

10. Take pins out as you sew; DO NOT SEW OVER PINS!

11. Maintain a slow, even speed with the foot control.

12. Watch the seam guide as you sew (NOT THE NEEDLE) to produce an even sewing line.

13. When stopping in the middle of a line of sewing, put the needle down into the fabric to
prevent thread loops.

14. Keep the bulk of the fabric to the left of the needle when sewing so you can see the seam
guides on the needle plate.