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Name:_________________________________________ Class Period_________________________

Ancient Greece Unit Test

Section I: Match the following words/people with their correct definition/description.

1. _____ Battle of Marathon

A. Spartan king who led 300 Spartan men into
2. _____ Phalanx the battle of Thermopylae and died
3. _____ Xerxes B. Alliance between Athens and its allies
C. Formation of heavily armed foot soldiers
4. _____ Battle of Salamis who moved together as a unit.
D. Persian king during the Second Persian War
5. _____ Leonidas E. Responsible for the day-to-day operations of
the Spartan government. The Spartan
6. _____ Peloponnesian League assembly elects 5 of these.
F. Story of the Trojan war told by a poet named
7. _____ Zeus Homer
G. Greek victory that ended the First Persian
8. _____Delian League war
H. Supreme ruler of the Greek gods.
9. _____ The Iliad I. Alliance between Sparta and its allies
J. Greek victory after ambushing the Persian
10. _____ Ephors Empire and breaking their naval power.
Section II: Fill in the following summary from the story the Iliad using the word bank provided at the bottom.
All words are used only ONCE.

The Iliad was told from generation to generation until written down by a man named
(1)_________________. This famous tale recounts the story of (2)________________, the most beautiful
woman in the world, and events surrounding her capture. With the help from the goddess,
(3)___________________, the prince of Troy named (4)________________ steals her away from her husband.
Her husband was the king of (5)____________________. Her husband sails towards (6)_________________ to
take her back. The prince of Troy shoots the Greek warrior, (7)____________________, in the heel, the only
mortal place on his body. The Greeks send a giant wooden (8)________________, but waiting inside were
(9)________________ soldiers. When the belly opened up, a Greek warrior named, (10)___________________
leads the soldiers to destroy and burn the city to the ground.

Word Bank

Sparta horse Achilles Helen Troy Greek Aphrodite Paris Odysseus Homer

Section III: Athens or Sparta? The following are descriptions for either Athens or Sparta’s society. In the blank
next to each description, write whether the description is for Athens or Sparta’s society.

1. _________________ Has a democracy as their form of government.

2. _________________ Values discipline and is a large military camp.

3. _________________ Has an oligarchy as their form of government.

4. _________________ Values individual expression and new ideas.

5. _________________ Formed the Delian league and took power over its allies.

6. _________________ Women in this society do not have any freedom or rights, they are considered

7. ________________ After the military, if men do not get into a men’s club of soldiers, they are
considered inferiors.

8. ________________ Had two Kings and a 28 men of age 60 council at the head of their government.

9. ________________ The three most important parts of this government were the assembly, council, and
the courts.

10. _________________ Women had more rights, freedom, and independence in this society.

Section IV: Multiple Choice- Answer the following questions by choosing the best possible answer choice.
Write your letter choice on the line provided.

1. _____What kind of climate did Ancient Greece have?

A. Tropical climate
B. Midwestern Climate
C. Mediterranean Climate
D. Freezing Climate
2. _____ What is a polis?
A. Greek city-state
B. Part of a government
C. A messenger
D. A battle formation
3. _____ Who won the Peloponnesian war?
A. Persia
B. Sparta
C. Athens
D. Egypt
4. _____ What is a democracy?
A. Government run by a King
B. Government run by an aristocracy
C. An argument between Kings
D. Government run by the people
5. _____ This group of people were considered citizens in Greek city-states:
A. Slaves
B. All adult males
C. Women and Children
D. Metics
6. _____ Because Sparta conquered Messenia, what were they able to do?
A. Build a professional army
B. Conquer other Greek city-states
C. Weaken their power
D. Become the wealthiest city-state
7. _____What are most democracies today?
A. Direct democracies
B. Divine democracies
C. Representative democracies
D. Resentful democracies
8. _____ How many men did King Leonidas lead at the battle of Thermopylae where they held off the
Persians but then died heroically?
A. 300
B. 400
C. 500
D. 600
9. _____Which of the following did Alexander the Great NOT do?
A. Freed the Ionian city-states from Persian Empire
B. Liberate Egypt from Persian control
C. Defeat the Persian King
D. First Macedonia king to gain control of all of Greece
10. _____ Alexander the Great earned that nickname for building this vast empire in how many years?
A. 100
B. 200
C. 11
D. 20
11. _____What was Alexander the Great’s ultimate goal?
A. To get rich
B. To conquer the world
C. To have a small empire
D. To conquer Greece
12. _____ How were the Greek gods different from the gods of Egypt?
A. They looked and behaved like human beings
B. They were not different at all
C. Greeks only had one god in their religion
D. Egypt only worshipped one god
13. _____ What is the finest example of Greek architecture?
A. The state capital building
B. Coliseum
C. Lyceum
D. Parthenon
14. _____ Who was the most famous natural philosopher and also taught Alexander the Great?
A. Plato
B. Aristotle
C. Socrates
D. Athena
15. _____ Which Greek god did the Olympic games honor?
A. Hades
B. Poseidon
C. Zeus
D. Hera

Section: V: Label the Ancient Greece map by matching the letter choice with its correct name listed at the
bottom. Write the letter choice next to the correct name. The white is LAND and the shaded grey is WATER.
_______ Greece

_______ Sparta

_______ Athens

_______ Aegean Sea

_______ Mediterranean Sea

Bonus Questions! (2 points each)

In the tale of Arachne, what does Arachne get turned into?

What does King Leonidas say as he kicks the Persian messenger down the hole?