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Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage

Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage

Are you well prepared against typhoons, heavy rain and winds?

Let’s check in and around the house.

Safety Measures outside the House

Outer Wall

Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage Are you well prepared

Roof

Check if there are any cracks, breakages,

gaps, or parts coming off in the tile or zinc roofing.

Veranda

Put away flowerpots and laundry

poles to protect them from being

blown away.

Shutters

Check if

there are any gaps or

loosened parts.

Gutters

Check if there are any fallen leaves or dirt clogging the spout, joints or paints coming off, or rotten parts.

Reinforce cracked mortared walls and bulging or rotten wooden walls.

Concrete Block Wall/Gatepost

Reinforce concrete block walls/ gateposts if there are cracks or breakages.

Windowpanes

Check if there are any cracks in the windowpane or loose frames. Cover the window with a board to protect against gales.

Safety Measures inside the House

Get the latest information via TV, radio or the Internet. Do not make unnecessary trips outside. Prepare an emergency supply kit including valuables, etc., to take with you in the event of an evacuation. Prepare a flashlight, a portable radio, etc., for a blackout. Prepare drinking water in case of suspension of water supply. If your living place may flood, move daily necessities such as furniture, food, clothing, bedding, etc., to a higher place. Children, elderly persons, sick persons and disabled persons should evacuate to a safe place as soon as possible.

Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage Are you well prepared

About typhoon

About 26 typhoons occur yearly on average around Japan, and some of them hit Beppu City each year. When a typhoon approaches or lands on shore, it will sometimes cause great damage with strong winds and heavy rain. The arrival time, scale and course of a typhoon can be predicte d to some extent. Get the latest information to avoid injury and damage.

Current strong-wind area Forecast center positions Typhoon’s current Current storm area position
Current
strong-wind
area
Forecast
center
positions
Typhoon’s
current
Current storm area
position

Wind Velocity and Damage

Average

 

Wind Velocity

(per sec.)

 

Possible Conditions and Damage

 

10m ~ 15m

Impossible to hold an umbrella and difficult to walk against wind.

15m ~ 20m

Impossible to walk against wind, some people may fall.

 

20m ~ 25m

You will fall over unless you hold onto something securely. Steel

shutters start to break.

 

25m ~ 30m

Outdoor

activities

are

dangerous

when

it

is

impossible

to

stand.Signboards will fall down or fly around. Trees will start to fall.

More than 30m

Roof tiles fly off and wooden houses start to collapse.

 

* Extracted from JMA reference.

Local Downpour

Local downpour is heavy rainfall on a narrow region in a

short period of time, which often occurs in the end of

rainy season. Since local downpour occurs in a localized

area quite suddenly, it is difficult to forecast.

Significant damage

can be predicted due

to flooding of small or

medium rivers and

landslide disasters.

Pay special attention to

the weather forecast

and take appropriate

measures such as

early evacuation.

Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage Are you well prepared

Sediment Disasters

Rainfall Intensity and Damage

Rainfall / hour (mm)

Possible Conditions and Damage

10mm ~ 20mm

We cannot hear each other due to the sound of rain. Caution should be exercised even though this amount of rain continues longer.

20mm ~ 30mm

Sewage and side ditches overflow and small rivers are flooded. Small-scale landslides are caused.

30mm ~ 50mm

Extremely heavy rain falls. Landslides and mudslides easily occur. People in dangerous areas must be prepared for evacuation.

50mm ~ 80mm

Rain falls in torrents squirting water from manholes. Mudslides easily occur, causing many disasters.

More than

An excruciating oppression felt, wide-scale

80mm

disasters are likely to occur.Strong precau - tions need to be taken.

* Reference: Japan Meteorological Agency website

Sediment disasters cause natural phenomena such as rock fall, debris flow, and landslides, which are often triggered

by an earthquake or heavy rain, affecting residents’ lives and properties.

Check high risk areas and signs that sediment disasters are likely to occur. Evacuate as soon as you sense danger.

Cliff Failure

Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage Are you well prepared

Steep slopes loosen due to heavy

or continual rain and suddenly

collapse. You could fail to evacuate

because this phenomenon

happens in an instant.

Warning Signs

Waters start to gush out

    from the cliff.

Cracks appear on the cliff.

Small pebbles begin to fall.

Mudslide

Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage Are you well prepared

A debris flow is a phenomenon in

which a muddy stream containing soil,

sand, rocks or trees rushes down a

slope from a mountain stream or

valley. The flow travels at high speed

with great destructive power.

Warning Signs

The mountain rumbles.

The water level of river lowers

    despite the rain.

River water gets muddy

    with the driftwood floating down.

Landslide

Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage Are you well prepared

Landslides occur by moving a large

area of the ground slowly and

gradually. The speed is slow but it

causes significant damage.

Warning Signs

The ground cracks up or caves in.

Water of the stream or

    well gets muddy.

Water gushes out from the slope.

Designation of

Sediment disaster risk areas
Sediment disaster risk areas

and

Sediment disaster special risk areas

(by Oita Prefecture)

Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage Are you well prepared
Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage Are you well prepared

Sediment disaster risk area (commonly known as a “Yellow Zone” )

Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage Are you well prepared

An area where life and property of residents, etc., may be at risk in the event of a sediment disaster is

designated as a “Yellow Zone” by the prefecture.

Sediment disaster special risk area (commonly known as a “Red Zone” )

Countermeasures against Storm and Flood Damage Countermeasures against Storms and Flood Damage Are you well prepared

An area where buildings may be damaged, causing a great risk to the life and property of residents, etc., in the

event of a sediment disaster is designated as a “Red Zone” by the prefecture. Permission is required for

development activities and building structures are regulated.

Disaster Victim Certificate (earthquake, storm and flood damage, etc.) Early Evacuation and Daily Precautions After investigation
Disaster Victim Certificate (earthquake, storm and flood damage, etc.)
Early Evacuation and Daily Precautions
After investigation of damage caused by natural disasters such as an earthquake, tsunami, storm, flood,
etc., a “Disaster Victim Certificate” will be issued to a victim to certify the damage.
(Application and inquiries) Crisis Management Section Tel: 0977-21-2255
◦ Being familiar with the area where you live makes early evacuation possible and helps protect
your life.
◦Check nearby evacuation sites and secure evacuation routes in case of emergency.
[For your information] Fire Prevention Division, Firefighting Headquarters will issue a Disaster Victim Certificate.
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