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Camarines Sur National High School

City of Naga

People who experienced and proven sleep paralysis

Research Paper Presented To:

Mr. Albert T. Adan

Liezel Almazar Barrmeda 10- Celerio

February 26, 2018


Thesis Statement:

 Proven cases, causes and the people who experienced sleep paralysis.
I. Introduction
A. Sleep paralysis features waking up from sleep and being temporarily unable
to move and is often accompanied by visual hallucinations and fear.
II. Body
A. Proven cases of sleep paralysis
1. Hishikawa and Kaneko (1960) they experienced wakefulness and unabale
to move and sensing something.
2. Cheyne and Girard (2007) they felt presence during sleep paralysis and
it can be paranoid.
3. Solomonova (2008) experienced spatial or interpersonal /social.
4. Mcnally (2005) experienced post-traumatic stress disorder.
B. Causes of sleep paralysis based on the study

1. Depression are strongly associated with sleep paralysis, even after

removing factors such as use of antidepressants, excessive daytime
sleepiness and insomnia.
2. Anxiety disorders show severe sleep disturbances, again suggesting a
mediating role of sleep disturbance in the increased risk of sleep paralysis
in patients with anxiety disorders.
3. Panic disorder are risk factors for sleep paralysis.
4. Sleep Disruption provides strong evidence that disruption to the sleep
cycle can increase the risk of sleep paralysis.
C. Statistical Analysis

1. Bell (1984) reported a 41% rrate of endorsing ever having sleep
paralysis in a group of 108 African Americans that included psychiatric
patients and healthy controls.

2. Paradis (1997) reported a 47% among African Americans who were
receiving treatment anxiety and rates of recurrent sleep paralysis for white
patients and healthy volunteers of 7% and 6%.

3. Friedman (2005) reported a similar prevalence rate for sleep

paralysis of 47% among African Americans who were receiving treatment
anxiety and rates of recurrent sleep paralysis for white patients and healthy
volunteers of 6% and 7%.

4. Ohayon (2002) survey of Europeans provided evidence for

association of sleep paralysis.

5. Otto (2006) noted a modest associations of sleep paralysis with panic
and phobic disorders but not with depression comorbidity.

6. Hinton (2005) who found strong associations with post traaumatic
stress disorders among their highly trauma exposed Cambodian refugee
study participants.

III. Conclusion
A. Sleep paralysis have a proven cases with the people who experiencing it.
B. Sleep paralysis have a different causes based on the studies.
C. Sleep paralysis also need statistical analysis with the people who
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