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Proficiency Expert

PART OF
MODULE UNIT PAGE HEADWORD SPEECH Definition Example

a period during which the level of


1A - Have you something does not change, especially Inflation rates have reached a
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 7 plateau noun after a period when it was increasing plateau.

1A - Have you an experienced person who advises


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 7 mentor noun and helps a less experienced person

1A - Have you an innate quality or ability is something Children have an innate


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 7 innate adjective you are born with ability to learn language.

1A - Have you the need for a health service


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 7 accessible adjective easy to obtain or use that is accessible to all
the quality of being determined and
1A - Have you firm when making unpleasant He showed great ruthlessess
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 ruthlessness noun decisions in dealing with his enemies.
I was disappointed by the
1A - Have you mediocrity of the food at the
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 mediocrity noun the state of not being very good hotel.

1A - Have you
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 tatty adjective in bad condition a few tatty old chairs
someone who is jaded is no longer
interested in or excited by something,
1A - Have you usually because they have The concert should satisfy
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 jaded adjective experienced too much of it even the most jaded critic.

1A - Have you famous or well known for something notorious cases of human
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 notorious adjective bad rights abuses

1A - Have you to do something with a lot of energy Cindy’s not a great player, but
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 hustle verb and determination she really hustles.
the ability to become strong, happy, or
1A - Have you successful again after a difficult People showed remarkable
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 resilience noun situation or event resilience during the war.
something that is necessary before A reasonable proficiency in
1A - Have you something else can happen or be English is a prerequisite for
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 prerequisite noun done the course.
relating to clothes, especially the style
1A - Have you of clothes that a man wears – used a man of great sartorial
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 sartorial adjective especially humorously elegance

1A - Have you
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 lousy adjective of very bad quality What lousy weather!
a situation in which it is very difficult to
decide what to do, because all the
1A - Have you choices seem equally good or equally
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 8 dilemma noun bad a moral dilemma

1A - Have you to appear or come out from The flowers emerge in the
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 emerge verb somewhere spring.

1A - Have you
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 taut adjective having firm muscles She has a taut brown body.

1A - Have you to move somewhere quietly and Edward was hoping to slink
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 slink verb secretly past unnoticed.

1A - Have you I had no job, no education,


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 prospects noun chances of future success and no prospects.

1A - Have you They sweated and saved for


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 sweat verb to work hard ten years to buy a house.

1A - Have you They painted a grim picture of


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 grim adjective bad, ugly, unpleasant what life use to be like there.

1A - Have you to dislike and have a low opinion of


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 despise verb someone or something She despised her neighbours.
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Proficiency Expert

1A - Have you someone or something that is


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 reptilian adjective unpleasant or cannot be trusted reptilian resilience
Constraints on spending have
1A - Have you something that limits your freedom to forced the company to rethink
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 constraint noun do what you want, restriction its plans.

1A - Have you a few moments of blessed


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 blessed adjective very enjoyable or desirable silence

1A - Have you without any excitement, strong


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 bland adjective opinions, or special character, dull a few bland comments
if things are out of sync, they are not
1A - Have you adjectival working well together at exactly the The soundtrack is out of sync
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 out of sync phrase same time and speed with the picture.
There where no changing
1A - Have you rooms for the actors to
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 disrobe verb to remove your clothes disrobe.

1A - Have you keep your head to do what you have to do without You have to keep your head
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 down verb phrase disagreement down and do as instructed.
to discuss something in order to reach
1A - Have you an agreement, especially in business The government refuses to
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 negotiate verb or politics negotiate with terrorists.
a reduction in the size or amount of
(twenty per something, especially the amount of
1A - Have you cent) cut (of the money that is spent by a government A cut of 1% in interest rates
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 fee) phrase or company was announced yesterday.
an impossible situation that you cannot
solve because you need to do one It's a Catch-22 situation -
thing in order to do a second thing, but without experience you can't
1A - Have you you cannot do the second thing until get a job and without a job
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 catch-22 phrase you have done the first you can't get experience.
to neither like nor dislike something,
used to say that you do not care To some people, smoking is
1A - Have you whether someone accepts your offer addictive. Others can take it
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 take it or leave it verb phrase or not or leave it.

1A - Have you a container used for shaking milk in


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 churn noun order to make it into butter A butter churn.
very unpleasant noise of machinery When he first got his driving
parts rubbing together, the noise made license I could recognise his
1A - Have you when the machinery in a vehicle is not car from the noise of grinding
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 grinding gears phrase changed properly gears.

1A - Have you
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 limb noun arm or leg She is strong-limbed.
noun a hot meal made by cooking meat and
1A - Have you (metaphorica vegetables slowly in liquid for a long
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 stew l) time a pot of beef stew
to get money or something you want
1A - Have you by asking other people for it rather a group of children
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 scrounge (for) verb than by paying for it yourself scrounging for food
a short written document that lists your
education and previous jobs, which
1A - Have you CV (Curriculum you send to employers when you are She sent in a job application
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 Vitae) phrase looking for a job followed by a long CV.

1A - Have you to have an extremely strong desire for an insecure child who craves
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 crave verb something attention

1A - Have you leap at the I leapt at the chance of


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 chance verb phrase to accept an opportunity very eagerly studying abroad.

1A - Have you a savage dog, a savage


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 9 savage adjective very violent or cruel murder

1A - Have you She had not shed a single


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 10 shed a tear phrase cry tear during the funeral.

1A - Have you offensive or rude, especially in a His language was often


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 10 crude adjective sexual way, vulgar crude.
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Proficiency Expert

A thin veneer of politeness


1A - Have you behaviour that hides someone’s real hid Lady Bride’s growing
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 10 veneer noun character or feelings anger.
twisted together in an untidy mass,
1A - Have you complicated or not easey to He had hair like tangled
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 10 tangled adjective understand string. tangled emotions
Something that is riveting is so
interesting or exciting that you cannot
1A - Have you stop watching it or listening to it,
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 11 riveting adjective fascinating a riveting performance

1A - Have you His work was critically


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 11 acclaimed adjective publicly praised by a lot of people acclaimed.
The blow to his head was
1A - Have you to express or present something in a strong enough to render him
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 11 render verb particular way unconscious.
happening one after the other without
1A - Have you in (quick) anything different happening in He fired two shots in quick
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 13 succession phrase between succession.

1A - Have you the formal rules for polite behaviour in strict rules of professional
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 13 etiquette noun society or in a particular group etiquette
a thought, idea, or detail that is Some of the subtleties of the
1A - Have you important but difficult to notice or language are lost in
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 subtleties noun understand translation.

1A - Have you facial a look on someone's face that shows Her facial expression
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 expression phrase what they are thinking or feeling indicated surprise.

1A - Have you a small object such as a book, weapon Anna looks after costumes
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 props noun etc, used by actors in a play or film and props.

1A - Have you to communicate or express something, Ads convey the message that
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 convey verb with or without using words thin is beautiful.

1A - Have you to be the result of one person's actions Chris's success is all down to
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 it's down to you phrase or one particular thing him.
Vocal expression is as much
1A - Have you vocal about movement and emotion
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 expression phrase oral expression as sound.
the resonance of a sound is its quality
1A - Have you of being deep and loud and continuing
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 resonance noun for a long time the resonance of his voice
Ultrasonic waves are at a
1A - Have you how high or low a note or other sound higher pitch than the human
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 pitch noun is ear can hear.

1A - Have you to put your arms around someone and Jack warmly embraced his
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 embrace (sth) verb hold them in a friendly or loving way son.
a way of communicating information
1A - Have you and news to people, such as Advertising is a powerful
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 medium noun newspapers, television etc, media medium.
to make a judgment about a person or
1A - Have you situation after thinking carefully about a report to assess the impact
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 assess verb it, judge of advertising on children

1A - Have you to judge how good, useful, or You should be able to


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 evaluate verb successful something is, assess evaluate your own work.
He asserted that nuclear
1A - Have you power was a safe and non-
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 assert verb to state firmly that something is true polluting energy source.

1A - Have you hoping to be successful in a particular


1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 aspiring adjective job, activity, or way of life aspiring young writers

1A - Have you to think that something is true, I didn't see your car, so I
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 assume verb although you do not have definite proof assumed you'd gone out.

1A - Have you to admit or accept that something is The family acknowledge the
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 acknowledge verb true or that a situation exists need for change.

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Proficiency Expert

1A - Have you to publicly say that something should Extremists were openly
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 advocate verb be done advocating violence.
someone who is versatile has many
1A - Have you different skills, having many different
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? 14 versatile adjective uses a very versatile performer

to remember and talk about things that Stop harking back to the past
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 hark back phrasal verb happened in the past and start looking to the future.
to go somewhere with someone, Susan's little sister tagged
especially when they have not asked along with us everywhere we
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 tag along phrasal verb you to go with them went.
get your teeth to start to do something with a lot of I can’t wait to get my teeth
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 into (sth) phrase energy and determination into the new course.

to enjoy or be successful in a particular


situation, especially one that other Unlike most of us, she seems
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 thrive on (sth) phrasal verb people find difficult or unpleasant to thrive on pressure.
The new exams will only add
having a lot of problems and not to the workload of already
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 hard-pressed adjective enough money or time hard-pressed teachers.

He can do a passable
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 passable adjective fairly good, but not excellent imitation of the maths teacher.
to reduce or prevent the bad effect of They gave him drugs to
something, by doing something that counteract his withdrawal
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 counteract verb has the opposite effect symptoms.
certain to happen and impossible to A further escalation of the
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 inevitable adjective avoid crisis now seems inevitable.

spending a lot of time sitting down, and health problems caused by


1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 sedentary adjective not moving or exercising very much our sedentary lifestyles

1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 hilarious adjective extremely funny a hilarious story
a chance to meet like-minded
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 like-minded adjective having similar interests and opinions people
special skills or knowledge in a What he’s bringing to the
particular subject, that you learn by company is financial
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 15 expertise noun experience or training expertise.

1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 16 mind-blowing adjective very exciting, shocking, or strange a mind-blowing experience

somethings that makes you feel calmer


1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 16 soothing adjective and less anxious, upset, or angry gentle, soothing music
to remember to think about something We will take your recent
take (sth) into important when you are making a illness into consideration
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 17 consideration noun phrase decision or judgement when marking your exams.
a few occasions, days etc that happen
at various times but not often and not
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 17 odd adjective regularly I take the odd day off work.
situation comedy
a funny television programme in which
the same characters appear in Friends used to be a very
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 19 sitcom noun different situations each week popular sitcom.
a place where an organized meeting, The first thing to do is book a
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 19 venue noun concert etc takes place venue.
a short humorous scene on a Her TV programme is made
television programme, in a theatre etc, up of a series of comic
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 19 (comic) sketch noun that is part of a larger show sketches.

to say that something is true or that It was alleged that the


someone has done something wrong, policeman had accepted
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 19 allege verb although it has not been proved bribes.
a period of time spent doing a Mark did a two-year stint in
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 19 stint noun particular job or activity the army.
mutual feelings such as respect, trust,
or hatred are feelings that two or more Mutual respect is necessary
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 19 mutual adjective people have for each other for any partnership to work.
Good lighting will enhance
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 19 enhance verb to improve something any room.

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Proficiency Expert

to persuade someone to do
something, especially something that Nothing would induce me to
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 19 induce verb does not seem wise vote for him again.
to arrange for something important to They have decided to initiate
start, such as an official process or a
legal proceedings against the
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 19 initiate verb new plan newspaper.
Female employees
to make a person or a group of people complained of being
unimportant and powerless in an unfair marginalised by
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 20 marginalise verb way management.
to become or make something Don't let him diminish your
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 20 diminish verb become smaller or less, reduce achievements.
a change in the thing, person or Piracy has brought about a
situation that people pay special shift of focus in the music
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 20 a shift of focus noun phrase attention to industry.
Smoking is detrimental to
1 - Performing arts 1B - it's live! 20 detrimental adjective causing harm or damage, damaging your health.
decreasing in the quality, quantity, or
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 20 declining adjective importance The declining size of families
when someone is in a situation where
they are not protected from something Prolonged exposure to the
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 20 exposure noun dangerous or unpleasant sun can cause skin cancer.
a complete range of opinions, people, The two articles here
situations etc, going from one extreme represent opposite ends of
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 20 spectrum to its opposite the spectrum.
a crowd of people pressed so close
together that it is difficult for them to There's always such a crush
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 20 crush noun move on the train in the mornings.
a quality that is inherent in something I'm afraid the problems you
is a natural part of it and cannot be mention are inherent in the
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! 20 inherent adjective separated from it system.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you The plot takes us to Paris for


Performing arts got what it takes? 6 denouement noun the exciting last part of a story or play the denouement of the story.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you


Performing arts got what it takes? 6 careworn adjective looking sad, worried, and tired a careworn expression

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you the most important character in a play, the main protagonists in the
Performing arts got what it takes? 6 protagonist noun film, or story, the main character conflict

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you when someone tries to get, achieve, or People are having to move to
Performing arts got what it takes? 6 in hot pursuit of noun phrase find something in a determined way other areas in pursuit of work.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you if a piece of clothing flares out, it The dress flares out from the
Performing arts got what it takes? 6 flare out verb becomes wider at one end hips.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you relating to the body, rather than to the


Performing arts got what it takes? 6 corporeal adjective mind, feelings, or spirit, physical corporeal desires

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you the enduring appeal of


Performing arts got what it takes? 6 enduring adjective continuing for a very long time Shakespeare's plays
Information is collected
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you used to talk about people of a through the likes of the FBI,
Performing arts got what it takes? 7 the likes of noun phrase particular type CIA, and Scotland Yard.
A basic grounding in math is
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you a training in the basic parts of a essential for the economics
Performing arts got what it takes? 7 grounding noun subject or skill course.
used to add information that reduces
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you the force or importance of what you He accepted the job, albeit
Performing arts got what it takes? 7 albeit conjunction have just said, although with some hesitation.
to talk too proudly about what you
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you have done, what you own etc - used to I came out top in the test,' he
Performing arts got what it takes? 7 brag verb show disapproval, to boast bragged.
to show your money, success, beauty The rich flaunted their wealth
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you etc so that other people notice it - used while the poor starved on the
Performing arts got what it takes? 7 flaunt verb to show disapproval streets.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you to try to persuade people to buy goods Minicab drivers are not
Performing arts got what it takes? 7 tout verb or services you are offering allowed to tout for business.

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Proficiency Expert

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you Someone had scribbled a


Performing arts got what it takes? 7 margin noun the empty space at the side of a page note in the margin.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you to be at the point where something is Jess seemed on the verge of
Performing arts got what it takes? 7 verge noun about to happen tears.

if you have a fringe, your hair is cut so


that it hangs down over your forehead,
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you a decorative edge of hanging threads a tall girl with straight brown
Performing arts got what it takes? 7 fringe noun on a curtain, piece of clothing etc hair and a fringe
the act of offering help someone to live
a healthy, useful, or active life again
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you after they have been seriously ill or in a special unit for rehabilitating
Performing arts got what it takes? 8 rehabilitation noun prison stroke patients
The psychologist came out
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you double-sided two different viewpoints of the same with a double-sided
Performing arts got what it takes? 8 perspective phrase object or idea perspective.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you the period of time during which you Children often have a short
Performing arts got what it takes? 9 attention span noun phrase continue to be interested in something attention span.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you a gripping film, story etc is very exciting Collins' gripping detective
Performing arts got what it takes? 9 gripping adjective and interesting novel
to choose only the best people or
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you things, or only the ones that you really Come on, you haven't got
Performing arts got what it takes? 10 pick and choose verb phrase like time to pick and choose.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you Tony flunked chemistry last


Performing arts got what it takes? 10 flunk verb to fail a test semester.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you if the police bust someone, they He was busted by U.S.
Performing arts got what it takes? 10 bust verb charge them with a crime inspectors at the border.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you He burst into raucous


Performing arts got what it takes? 10 raucous chuckle noun phrase unpleasant laughter laughter.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you An answer given easily and without


Performing arts got what it takes? 10 glib response noun phrase thinking about everything involved glib politicians
if you refer to the shifting sands of a I chose five songs to
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you the shifting situation, you mean that it changes so represent the shifting sands
Performing arts got what it takes? 10 sands noun phrase often that it is difficult to deal with. of pop music over time.

SRB 1 - 1A - Have you the alluring magic of Hong


Performing arts got what it takes? 10 alluring adjective mysterious, exciting, or desirable Kong
fighting against other men or wild
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you animals as an entertainment in ancient
Performing arts got what it takes? 10 gladiatorial adjective Rome gladiatorial combat
We'll be bringing you a
running commentary on the
SRB 1 - 1A - Have you a running game between Notts and
Performing arts got what it takes? 10 commentary noun phrase continuous description of something Brescia.
SRB 1 - to surprise, please, or excite someone He was bowled over by her
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 11 bowl (me) over phrase very much, to knock out beauty.
SRB 1 - The film opened to rave
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 11 rave reviews noun phrase reviews that praise a lot reviews.
As a general rule most
students finish their
SRB 1 - something that is normal or usually coursework by the end of
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 11 as a rule phrase true May.
to do something or be involved in
SRB 1 - something in a way that is not very people who dabble with
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 11 dabble with verb serious painting as a way of relaxing
someone who is savvy is clever and
SRB 1 - knows how to deal with situations
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 11 savvy adjective successfully savvy consumers
if something is over-subscribed, too
SRB 1 - many people have said that they want All good schools are
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 11 over-subscribed adjective to use it or have it oversubscribed.
SRB 1 - to make a liquid weaker by adding
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 11 dilute verb water or another liquid diluted fruit juice
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Proficiency Expert

the ability to make decisions and take


SRB 1 - action without waiting for someone to Don't keep asking me for
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 initiative noun tell you what to do advice. Use your initiative.
physical or mental strength that lets
SRB 1 - you continue doing something for a You need stamina to be a
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 stamina noun long time without getting tired long-distance runner.
behaviour and attitudes that most Playing together teaches
SRB 1 - people in a society consider to be children social conventions
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 conventions noun normal and right such as sharing.
I could not force my body into
SRB 1 - a twisted position or movement that the contortions required by
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 contortion noun looks surprising or strange classical ballet.
to discuss something with other
people, so that everyone can express
SRB 1 - their opinions and decide on Franklin leant over and
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 confer verb something conferred with his attorneys.
to become bent or curved because of
SRB 1 - heat or pressure, or to make The steel pillars began to
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 buckle verb something bend or curve in this way buckle.

SRB 1 - if a bird or insect alights on something,


Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 alight on verb it stops flying and stands on it, to land a bird alights on a tree
SRB 1 -
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 bough noun a main branch on a tree a bird alights on a bough
SRB 1 -
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 cheesy adjective cheap and not of good quality a cheesy soap opera
the row of bones down the centre of
SRB 1 - your back that supports your body and
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 spine noun protects your spinal cord
SRB 1 - to become weaker and unable to The economy is showing
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 falter verb continue in an effective way signs of faltering.
SRB 1 -
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 12 verbal adjective spoken rather than written verbal abuse

SRB 1 - if two things meld, or if you meld them, He melded country music with
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 13 meld noun they combine into one thing blues to create rock and roll.
doing something yourself rather than
SRB 1 - hands-on just talking about it or telling other a chance to get some hands-
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 13 experience phrase people to do it on experience of the job
to discuss friendly with people making
SRB 1 - a lot of jokes and amusing remarks I watched the guys as they
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 13 banter verb about each other bantered with the waitresses.
SRB 1 - frenetic activity is fast and not very She rushes from job to job at
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 13 frenetic adjective organized, frantic a frenetic pace.
SRB 1 - to rest and relax after a lot of hard I find it difficult to wind down
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 13 wind down phrasal verb work or excitement after a day at work.
the good or bad feelings that a
particular person, place, or situation
SRB 1 - seems to produce and that you react I have good vibes about this
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 13 vibe noun to contract.
Most young smokers are
influenced by their friends'
SRB 1 - and older siblings' smoking
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 16 siblings noun a brother or sister habits.
an area of cartoon that contains one
illustration, or one of the series of When reading a comic you
SRB 1 - frame (in a separate illustrations that make up a have to imagine what
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 16 comic) noun cartoon story or a comic strip happens between the frames.
showing strong positive feelings about
SRB 1 - an activity and determination to an ardent supporter of free
Performing arts 1B - It's live! 16 ardent adjective succeed at it trade
2 - The natural 2A - Wild an idea of how something is, or how the concept of total patient
world experience 24 concept noun something should be done care
the right to have a business in a The company owns valuable
2 - The natural 2A - Wild particular place, especially in a place
logging and mining
world experience 24 concessions noun owned by someone else concessions.
The ship is designed for
2 - The natural 2A - Wild to pull something up from the bottom of dredging mud and silt up from
world experience 24 dredge (sth) up phrasal verb a river, lake etc the sea floor.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild His health was gradually
world experience 24 ravage verb to damage something very badly ravaged by drink and drugs.
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Proficiency Expert

Congress worried about


2 - The natural 2A - Wild very involved in an unpleasant or becoming enmeshed in a
world experience 24 enmeshed adjective complicated situation foreign war.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild a very loud noise made by a large He shouted over the rising
world experience 24 clamour noun group of people or animals clamour of voices.
The River Fleet is one of the
2 - The natural 2A - Wild a stream or river that flows into a larger many tributaries of the River
world experience 24 tributary noun river Thames.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild growing and becoming more popular,
world experience 24 resurgent adjective after a period of quietness resurgent fascism
indigenous people or things have
always been in the place where they
2 - The natural 2A - Wild are, rather than being brought there Blueberries are indigenous to
world experience 24 indigenous adjective from somewhere else America.

2 - The natural 2A - Wild someone whose job is to cut down One of the loggers was badly
world experience 24 logger noun trees injured by a falling tree.

Hundreds of innocent civilians


2 - The natural 2A - Wild to kill a lot of people in a cruel or had been slaughtered by
world experience 24 slaughter verb violent way government troops.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild
world experience 25 wan adjective looking pale, weak, or tired She gave a wan smile.
a period of silence, especially when
2 - The natural 2A - Wild people are expecting something to A sudden hush fell over the
world experience 25 hush noun happen crowd.
going in one direction and then in the We travel back and forth all
2 - The natural 2A - Wild opposite direction, and repeating this the time between Canada and
world experience 25 back and forth phrase several times England.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild extremely or to the greatest possible
world experience 25 supremely adverb degree a supremely talented player
a situation in which something is
2 - The natural 2A - Wild prevented from continuing in its usual The strike caused widespread
world experience 25 disruption noun way disruption.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild
world experience 25 seismic adjective relating to or caused by earthquakes increased seismic activity
used for saying that something is
2 - The natural 2A - Wild certain to happen and cannot be The decision will inevitably
world experience 25 inevitably adverb avoided lead to political tensions.
making a place or substance dirty or
2 - The natural 2A - Wild harmful by putting something such as
world experience 25 contamination noun chemicals or poison in it radioactive contamination
an occasion when you meet someone,
2 - The natural 2A - Wild or do something with someone you do She didn't remember our
world experience 25 encounter noun not know encounter last summer.
the state or right of being protected
from particular laws or from unpleasant
2 - The natural 2A - Wild things, the state of being immune to a They were granted immunity
world experience 25 immunity noun disease from prosecution.

2 - The natural 2A - Wild decaing by a gradual natural process,


world experience 25 rotting adjective or making something do this rotting woodwork
if something, especially something
bad, happens in the wake of an event,
2 - The natural 2A - Wild prepositional it happens afterwards and usually as a Famine followed in the wake
world experience 25 in their wake phrase result of it of the drought.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild used to emphasize how bad The rumours will do untold
world experience 25 untold adjective something is damage to his reputation.
the effect or influence that an event,
2 - The natural 2A - Wild have an impact situation etc has on someone or We need to assess the
world experience 25 on verb phrase something impact on climate change.
someone who has been a soldier,
sailor etc in a war, or someone who
2 - The natural 2A - Wild has had a lot of experience of a a veteran of the Second
world experience 25 veteran noun particular activity World War
2 - The natural 2A - Wild the combining of two or more things so the integration of data from
world experience 25 integration noun that they work together effectively other surveys
The illness demoralized him
2 - The natural 2A - Wild to reduce or destroy someone's and recovery took several
world experience 25 demoralising adjective courage or confidence weeks.

8
Proficiency Expert

an event that is completely


2 - The natural 2A - Wild unsuccessful, in a way that is very The first lecture I ever gave
world experience 25 fiasco noun embarrassing or disappointing was a complete fiasco.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild The firm is involved in a legal
world experience 25 dispute noun a serious argument or disagreement dispute with a rival company.
The President’s power is
2 - The natural 2A - Wild circumscribed by Congress
world experience 25 circumscribe verb phrase to limit power, rights, or abilities and the Supreme Court.
a sweet-smelling brown substance
2 - The natural 2A - Wild used for giving a special taste to cakes
world experience 25 cinnamon noun and other sweet foods a cinnamon roll
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to never having happened before, or Crime has increased on an
world home 25 unprecedented adjective never having happened so much unprecedented scale.
an introduction to the
2 - The natural 2A - Wild the most important ideas, rules etc that fundamentals of design and
world experience 25 fundamentals noun something is based on print production
a combined British and
2 - The natural 2A - Wild a sudden attack into an area that French incursion into China in
world experience 25 incursion noun belongs to other people 1857
feelings of anger between people who
2 - The natural 2A - Wild disagree strongly and do not like each
world experience 25 acrimony noun other
2 - The natural 2A - Wild The new law will curtail police
world experience 25 curtail verb to reduce or limit something powers.
to reach an agreement in which
2 - The natural 2A - Wild everyone involved accepts less that She admitted that she was
world experience 26 compromise verb what they wanted at first unable to compromise.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild Vegetables are an integral
world experience 27 integral adjective forming a necessary part of something part of our diet.
a statement that consists of a carefully Most people accept the
considered opinion or judgment, an proposition that we have a
2 - The natural 2A - Wild offer or suggestion, especially in duty to protect endangered
world experience 27 proposition noun business or politics animals.

2 - The natural 2A - Wild credit sb with to believe or admit that someone has Evans is credited with
world experience 27 sth verb a quality, or has done something good inventing the system.
A lot of people make the
2 - The natural 2A - Wild something that you think is true assumption that poverty only
world experience 28 assumption noun although you have no definite proof exists in the Third World.
to not understand the correct meaning
of something that someone says or
2 - The natural 2A - Wild does, or of facts that you are Some parts of the report
world experience 28 misinterpret verb considering could be misinterpreted.
the feeling of being annoyed, upset, or People often feel a sense of
impatient, because you cannot control frustration that they are not
2 - The natural 2A - Wild or change a situation, or achieve being promoted quickly
world experience 28 frustration noun something enough.
She managed to get an
2 - The natural 2A - Wild an elusive person or animal is difficult interview with that elusive
world experience 28 elusive adjective to find or not often seen man.
to gradually take more of someone's Bureaucratic power has
2 - The natural 2A - Wild time, possessions, rights etc than you encroached upon the
world experience 29 encroachment noun should freedom of the individual.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild movement of a species, by people,
world experience 29 translocation noun from one area to another

to look at someone or something for a


2 - The natural 2A - Wild long time, giving it all your attention, Nell was still gazing out of the
world experience 30 gaze verb often without realizing you are doing so window.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild plants that are lush grow many leaves The fields were lush with
world experience 30 lush adjective and look healthy and strong grass and flowers.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild to show your skill at doing something, The band strutted their stuff in
world experience 30 strut your stuff verb phrase especially dancing or performing a free concert.
Animals living in this part of
2 - The natural 2A - Wild a large flat area of grassy land, the savannah are protected
world experience 30 savannah noun especially in Africa from poachers.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild if a bird, insect, or helicopter hovers, it flies hovering above the
world experience 30 hover verb stays in one place in the air surface of the water

9
Proficiency Expert

a place where babies are looked after


while their parents are at work / a
model of the scene of Jesus Christ
2 - The natural 2A - Wild birth, placed in churches and homes at
world experience 30 crèche noun Christmas
2 - The natural 2A - Wild to make a place or an object to look His portrait graces the wall of
world experience 30 grace verb more attractive the drawing room.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to on a regular I’m saving money on a
world home 31 basis noun phrase every day, week etc regular basis.
to climb over something quickly and People scrambled over tables
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to scramble over with difficulty, especially using your and chairs to get to the fire
world home 31 (sth) verb phrase hands to help you exit.
small problems that you have when Apart from a few minor
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to teething you first start doing a new job or using teething problems, the new
world home 31 problems noun a new system system is working smoothly.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to Installing the program is
world home 31 straightforward adjective simple and easy to understand relatively straightforward.
loyalty and general agreement
between all the people in a group, or
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to between different groups, because
world home 31 solidarity noun they all have a shared aim a gesture of solidarity
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to to put something somewhere in a Merrill dumped her suitcase
world home 31 dump verb careless untidy way down in the hall.
something that makes someone less
likely to do something, by making them
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to realize it will be difficult or have bad Window locks are an effective
world home 31 deterrent noun results deterrent against burglars.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to to worry about something, especially Don’t fret – everything will be
world home 31 fret verb when there is no need all right.
She leant forward and
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to tweaked both ends of his
world home 31 tweak verb to suddenly pull or twist something moustache.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to doing things in a secret and often
world home 31 sneaky adjective dishonest or unfair way a sneaky little trick
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to to follow a person or animal quietly in
world home 31 stalk verb order to catch and attack or kill them a tiger stalking its prey
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to the amount of profits, crops, etc that The average milk yield per
world home 32 yield noun something produces cow has doubled.

2 - The natural 2B - Closer to something that you add to something vitamins and other dietary
world home 32 supplement noun else to improve it or make it complete supplements
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to if an animal grazes, or if you graze it, it Groups of cattle were grazing
world home 32 graze verb eats grass that is growing on the rich grass.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to the person who is guilty of a crime or Police finally managed to
world home 32 culprit noun doing something wrong catch the culprit.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to a refusal to accept new ideas or
world home 32 resistance noun changes people's resistance to change

2 - The natural 2B - Closer to to control or limit something in order to measures to curb the spread
world home 32 curb verb prevent it from having a harmful effect of the virus
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to the cutting or burning down of all the the deforestation of the
world home 33 deforestation noun trees in an area tropics
The government should do
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to able to continue without causing more to promote sustainable
world home 33 sustainable adjective damage to the environment agriculture.
If their numbers keep falling,
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to to disappear or stop existing the animals are in danger of
world home 33 die out phrasal verb completely dying out completely.
to help someone to live a healthy,
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to useful, or active life again after they a special unit for rehabilitating
world home 34 rehabilitate verb have been seriously ill or in prison stroke patients
the enormous oil spill off the
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to when you spill something, or an southern tip of the Shetland
world home 34 oil spill noun phrase amount of something that is spilled Islands
something that is crucial is extremely This aid money is crucial to
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to important, because everything else the government's economic
world home 34 crucial adjective depends on it policies.
The proportion of women
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to a part of a number or amount, graduates has increased in
world home 35 proportion noun considered in relation to the whole recent years.

10
Proficiency Expert

The goods consigned from


2 - The natural 2B - Closer to to send something somewhere, the exporter will be shipped to
world home 35 consign verb especially in order to sell it your warehouse today.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to the time when something first begins to
world home 35 advent noun be widely used the advent of the computer
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to Discard any old cleaning
world home 35 discard verb to get rid of something materials.
to learn about something so that you
understand it, or to teach someone Employees must familiarise
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to familiarise sb else about something so that they themselves with the health
world home 36 with verb understand it and safety manual.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to Barry sat munching on an
world home 37 munch verb to eat something noisily apple.

2 - The natural 2B - Closer to to walk or travel, usually for a long The dogs are allowed to roam
world home 37 roam verb time, with no clear purpose or direction around.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to Horns blared in the street
world home 37 blare verb to make a very loud unpleasant noise outside.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to animals such as cows and sheep that
world home 37 livestock noun are kept on a farm
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to extremely cruel and causing the inhumane treatment of
world home 38 inhumane adjective unacceptable suffering political prisoners

an animal such as a lobster or a crab


2 - The natural 2B - Closer to that has a hard outer shell and several
world home 38 crustacean noun pairs of legs, and usually lives in water
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to to be very full of people or animals, all The island was teeming with
world home 38 teem verb moving about tourists.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to solid substances that settle at the
world home 38 sediment noun bottom of a liquid a thick layer of sediment
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to to involve something as a necessary A new computer system
world home 38 entail verb part or result entails a lot of re-training.
to take action or make changes that We have decided to
2A - Wild you have officially decided should implement the committee's
SRB2 experience 17 implement verb happen recommendations in full.
2A - Wild to correct or make small changes to The law was amended to
SRB2 experience 17 amend verb something that is written or spoken include women.
to get something that you want,
2A - Wild especially through your own effort, skill, You will need to obtain
SRB2 experience 17 obtain verb or work permission from the principal.

2A - Wild bushes, small trees, and other plants


SRB2 experience 17 undergrowth noun growing around and under bigger trees
causing a lot of disagreement,
because many people have strong
2A - Wild opinions about the subject being the controversial issue of
SRB2 experience 17 controversial adjective discussed welfare reform
2A - Wild the ability to understand other people's She had great empathy with
SRB2 experience 17 empathy noun feelings and problems people.
The wages of clerks were on
2A - Wild prepositional a par with those of manual
SRB2 experience 17 on a par with phrase to be at the same level or standard workers.
2A - Wild to prevent something from continuing Traffic was disrupted by a
SRB2 experience 17 disrupt verb in its usual way by causing problems hoax bomb.
if fruit, beer, wine etc ferments, or if it is
2A - Wild fermented, the sugar in it changes to
SRB2 experience 18 ferment verb alcohol fermented fruit juice
the net amount is the final amount that The net profit (=after taxes,
2A - Wild remains after all the other amounts costs etc) was up 16.3% last
SRB2 experience 18 net adjective have been taken away month.
Britain agreed to cut
2A - Wild a gas or other substance that is sent emissions of nitrogen oxide
SRB2 experience 18 emission noun into the air from power stations.
2A - Wild arid land or an arid climate is very dry Water from the Great Lakes
SRB2 experience 19 arid adjective because it has very little rain is pumped to arid regions.
Personal problems
2A - Wild to have a harmful effect on someone experienced by students may
SRB2 experience 19 impinge on verb or something impinge on their work.
a small part of something that remains
2A - Wild after the rest of it has been used, The remnants of a meal stood
SRB2 experience 19 remnant noun destroyed, or eaten on the table.
11
Proficiency Expert

2A - Wild gradually becoming less and less or The elephant population is


SRB2 experience 19 dwindling adjective smaller and smaller dwindling.
2A - Wild to prove that a statement or idea is not an attempt to refute Darwin's
SRB2 experience 19 refute verb correct theories
shared by a group of people or
animals, especially a group who live
together, involving people from many
2A - Wild different races, religions, or language the worst communal violence
SRB2 experience 19 communal adjective groups in two years
2A - Wild a modern windmill for providing
SRB2 experience 19 wind turbine noun electrical power
2A - Wild to make something less painful or a new medicine to alleviate
SRB2 experience 20 alleviate verb difficult to deal with the symptoms of flu
Their money problems were
2A - Wild to make a bad situation, an illness, or further aggravated by a rise in
SRB2 experience 20 aggravate verb an injury worse interest rates.
to start a process in which everything These price rises will have a
2A - Wild that happens causes something else knock-on effect on the
SRB2 experience 20 knock-on effect noun phrase to happen economy.
2B - Closer to
SRB2 home 22 triviality noun something that is not important at all, Don't waste time on trivialities
Failure to comply with the
2B - Closer to to do what you have to do or are asked regulations will result in
SRB2 home 22 comply verb to do prosecution.
The government is taking
tentative steps towards
2B - Closer to not definite or certain, and may be tackling the country's
SRB2 home 22 tentative adjective changed later economic problems.
2B - Closer to angry and surprised because you feel Liz was indignant at the way
SRB2 home 22 indignant adjective insulted or unfairly treated her child had been treated.
2B - Closer to dirty air or a thick unpleasant mist that He looked up at me through a
SRB2 home 23 miasmic adjective smells bad miasmic cigarette smoke.
2B - Closer to draconian measures to
SRB2 home 23 draconian adjective very strict and cruel control population growth
the disproportionate amount
2B - Closer to too much or too little in relation to of money being spent on
SRB2 home 23 disproportionate adjective something else defence
2B - Closer to not allowed by laws or rules, or
SRB2 home 23 illicitly adverb strongly disapproved of by society illicit drugs
2B - Closer to a system of rules about the correct way a breach of diplomatic
SRB2 home 23 protocol noun to behave on an official occasion protocol
2B - Closer to if something is transparent, you can a transparent plastic
SRB2 home 23 transparent adjective see through it container
The most galling thing is that
2B - Closer to making you feel upset and angry the guy who got promoted is
SRB2 home 23 galling adjective because of something that is unfair less qualified than me.
2B - Closer to behaving in a way that is illegal or that delinquent
SRB2 home 23 delinquent adjective society does not approve of girls/boys/children/teenagers
to wave something around in a
2B - Closer to dangerous or threatening way, A man leapt out brandishing a
SRB2 home 23 brandish verb especially a weapon kitchen knife.

2B - Closer to seeming to be false, dishonest, or not One girl thought the men
SRB2 home 23 dodgy adjective to be trusted, involving risk or danger looked dodgy.
2B - Closer to a place where waste is buried under
SRB2 home 23 landfill noun the ground
2B - Closer to prepositional His opinions are entirely
SRB2 home 23 beyond the pale phrase offensive or unacceptable beyond the pale.
2B - Closer to mental or physical suffering caused by the anguish of not knowing
SRB2 home 23 anguish noun extreme pain or worry what had happened to her
2B - Closer to an animal that kills and eats other
SRB2 home 24 predator noun animals
2B - Closer to to move quickly with short steps, People were scurrying off to
SRB2 home 24 scurry verb especially because you are in a hurry work.
The building is grey,
2B - Closer to very powerful or impressive, and often formidable, not at all
SRB2 home 25 formidable adjective frightening picturesque.

2B - Closer to prepositional if you buy goods in bulk, you buy large


SRB2 home 25 in bulk phrase amounts each time you buy them
2B - Closer to a reduction in the usual price of
SRB2 home 25 discount noun something Members get a 15% discount.
12
Proficiency Expert

2B - Closer to in close
SRB2 home 26 proximity noun phrase nearness in distance or time
In October 1962 the world
2B - Closer to prepositional a situation when you are almost in a seemed on the brink of
SRB2 home 26 on the brink of phrase new situation, usually a bad one nuclear war.

2B - Closer to if something is ostensibly true, people She stayed behind at the


SRB2 home 27 ostensibly adverb say that it is true but it is not really true office, ostensibly to work.
2B - Closer to prepositional if something or someone is on loan, The book I wanted was out on
SRB2 home 27 on loan phrase they have been borrowed loan.
2B - Closer to to criticize someone or something for a The judge cannot be faulted
SRB2 home 27 fault verb mistake on his decision.
3 - Surviving and You have this exasperating
thriving Lead-in 39 exasperating adjective extremely annoying habit of never looking at me!
clever at controlling or deceiving
3 - Surviving and people to get what you want - used in She was sly, selfish, and
thriving Lead-in 39 manipulative adjective order to show disapproval manipulative.
There were weeks of
3 - Surviving and the state of being unable to decide indecision about who would
thriving Lead-in 39 indecision noun what to do go and when.
3 - Surviving and to find a satisfactory way of dealing The crisis was resolved by
thriving Lead-in 39 resolve verb with a problem or difficulty negotiations.
used when saying that a particular fact
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in has no effect on a situation and is not The course is open to
thriving control? 40 irrespective of adverb important anyone, irrespective of age.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in the need for a health service
thriving control? 40 accessible adjective easy to obtain or use that is accessible to all
an exponent of an idea, belief etc tries
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in to explain it and persuade others that it a leading exponent of
thriving control? 40 exponent noun is good or useful desktop publishing

3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in an unfulfilled hope, desire, dream etc His dream of competing in the
thriving control? 40 unfulfilled adjective has not been achieved Olympics remained unfulfilled.
He was unable to give a
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in deserving or able to be believed or credible explanation for his
thriving control? 40 credible adjective trusted behaviour.
a piece of information or story that
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in someone has invented in order to Of course, it might all be
thriving control? 40 fabrication noun deceive people complete fabrication.
the Pope’s last
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in pronouncement on birth
thriving control? 40 pronouncement noun an official public statement control
It’s a common fallacy that a
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in a false idea or belief, especially one neutered dog will become fat
thriving control? 40 fallacy noun that a lot of people believe is true and lazy.

an idea which is wrong or untrue, but There is a popular


3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in which people believe because they do misconception that too much
thriving control? 40 misconception noun not understand the subject properly exercise is bad for you.
a way of thinking about something,
especially one which is influenced by
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in the type of person you are or by your His father’s death gave him a
thriving control? 40 perspective noun experiences whole new perspective on life.

words and expressions used in a


particular profession or by a particular
group of people, which are difficult for
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in other people to understand – often
thriving control? 40 jargon noun used to show disapproval documents full of legal jargon
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in written language in its usual form, as a volume of Shelley's poetry
thriving control? 40 prose noun opposed to poetry and prose
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in to publicly support a particular way of Extremists were openly
thriving control? 40 advocate verb doing something advocating violence.

3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in a feeling of emotional comfort at a time After the death of her son, Val
thriving control? 40 solace noun of great sadness or disappointment found solace in the church.
a statement or idea that you accept as The idea that there is life on
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in true and use as a base for developing other planets is the central
thriving control? 40 premise noun other ideas premise of the novel.
based on facts, or making a decision It’s hard to give an objective
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in that is based on facts rather than on opinion about your own
thriving control? 40 objective adjective your feelings or beliefs children.
13
Proficiency Expert

Steinem has always been a


3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in someone who supports something or strong proponent of women's
thriving control? 41 proponent noun persuades people to do something rights.
a hackneyed phrase is boring and
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in does not have much meaning because
thriving control? 41 hackneyed adjective it has been used so often
to help a plan, idea, feeling etc to European union is an ideal
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in develop, to feed and take care of a that has been nurtured since
thriving control? 41 nurture verb child or a plant while it is growing the post-war years.
A number of police officers
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in to pretend to be something or masqueraded as
thriving control? 41 masquerade as verb someone different demonstrators.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in fair or reasonable, acceptable or That's a perfectly legitimate
thriving control? 41 legitimate adjective allowed by law question.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in careful and thorough examination of Their activities have come
thriving control? 41 scrutiny noun someone or something under police scrutiny.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in The advertisement is aimed
thriving control? 41 primarily adverb mainly primarily at children.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in to develop or come from something This word is derived from
thriving control? 41 derive from verb else Latin.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in The statistics are highly
thriving control? 41 questionable adjective not likely to be true or correct questionable.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in not able to be criticized, made weaker,
thriving control? 41 unassailable adjective or beaten an unassailable argument
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in something that you say or write that the assertion that house
thriving control? 41 assertion noun you strongly believe prices are falling

3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in to stop people from opposing the The uprising was ruthlessly
thriving control? 41 suppress verb government, especially by using force suppressed.
I should add, as an aside, that
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in a remark or story that is not part of the the younger the child, the
thriving control? 41 aside noun main subject of a speech faster they learn.
someone who promises to pay a debt
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in if the person who should pay it does
thriving control? 41 guarantor noun not
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in
thriving control? 41 sanity noun the condition of being mentally healthy I began to doubt his sanity.
likely to do something or suffer from
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in something, especially something bad Some plants are very prone
thriving control? 41 prone to adjective or harmful to disease.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in a slight doubt etc that you cannot stop
thriving control? 41 niggling adjective thinking about niggling suspicion
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in a problem or difficulty that can be
thriving control? 41 surmountable adjective dealt with successfully
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in making a bad situation, an illness, or
thriving control? 41 aggravating adjective an injury worse
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in a type of lawyer who represents you in The judge asked counsel for
thriving control? 41 counsel noun court the defence to explain.
a statement or idea that you accept as The idea that there is life on
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in true and use as a base for developing other planets is the central
thriving control? 41 premise noun other ideas premise of the novel.
a situation that seems strange It’s a paradox that in such a
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in because it involves two ideas or rich country there can be so
thriving control? 41 paradox noun qualities that are very different much poverty.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in to make a light shine on something, or A single candle illuminated his
thriving control? 41 illuminate verb to fill a place with light face.
causing so much damage or harm that
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in something no longer works or is no the crippling effects of war on
thriving control? 41 crippling adjective longer effective the economy
if you address a problem, you start
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in trying to solve it, to speak to someone Our products address the
thriving control? 41 address verb directly needs of real users.
Given that the patients have
some disabilities, we still try to
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in enable them to be as
thriving control? 41 given (that) preoposition taking something into account independent as possible.
Succumbing to pressure from
to stop opposing someone or the chemical industry,
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in something that is stronger than you, Governor Blakely amended
thriving control? 41 succumb (to) verb and allow them to take control the regulations.

14
Proficiency Expert

a face-to-face meeting, conversation


3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in etc is one where you are with another
thriving control? 42 face-to-face adjective person and talking to them a face-to-face interview
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in Too much tea is bad for your
thriving control? 43 digestion noun the process of digesting food digestion.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in not at all interested in someone or Sarah was absolutely
thriving control? 44 indifferent to adjective something indifferent to him, and it hurt.
to deal with something very difficult or
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in unpleasant in a brave and determined We try to help people
thriving control? 44 confront verb way confront their problems.
the act of keeping something, the
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in ability to keep something in your I have a real problem with
thriving control? 44 retention noun memory retention of information.

3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in appearing to have a particular quality, seemingly unrelated bits of
thriving control? 44 seemingly adverb when this may or may not be true information
when you care about or help other Many choose to work in
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in people, even though this brings no developing countries out of
thriving control? 45 altruism noun advantage to yourself altruism.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in something or someone understood or
thriving control? 45 perceived adjective thought of in a particular way
to invent a new word or expression,
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in especially one that many people start The word 'aromatherapy' was
thriving control? 45 coin verb to use coined in the 1920s.
The centrepiece of Bevan's
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in the most important, noticeable, or policy was the National Health
thriving control? 45 centrepiece noun attractive part of something Service.
to make something, especially
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in something bad, increase or become His words fuelled her anger
thriving control? 45 fuel verb stronger still more.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in Something akin to panic
thriving control? 46 akin to adjective very similar to something overwhelmed him.
a situation in which you have a lot of
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in problems that seem to be caused by his courage in the face of
thriving control? 46 adversity noun bad luck adversity
not having the things that are
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in necessary for a comfortable or happy Deprived children tend to do
thriving control? 46 be deprived of verb phrase life less well at school.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in to suddenly and quickly decrease in Profits plummeted from £49
thriving control? 46 plummet verb value or amount million to £11 million.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in not having the ability, confidence, or
thriving control? 46 ineffectual adjective personal authority to get things done an ineffectual leader

3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and to accept that an idea is right and allow People have generally bought
thriving body 47 buy into (sth) phrasal verb it to influence you into the idea of recycling.
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and the state of being bad-tempered and His grumpiness seemed to
thriving body 47 grumpiness noun easily annoyed get worse as he got older.
to get something, especially something
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and good, as a result of what you have Those who took the financial
thriving body 47 reap benefits verb done risk reaped the benefits.
a process, usually a harmful one, in He was caught in a downward
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and which something gradually but spiral of debt that ended in
thriving body 47 downward spiral noun phrase continuously gets worse or better bankruptcy.
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and someone who works as a doctor or a a practitioner of alternative
thriving body 47 practitioner noun lawyer medicine
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and making you feel worried and not Some people find interview
thriving body 47 intimidating adjective confident situations very intimidating.
We want to dispel the myth
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and to make something go away, especially that you cannot eat well in
thriving body 47 dispel verb a belief, idea, or feeling Britain.
The dotors are not surprised
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and an unwillingness to talk about what you by Gwen's reticence to talk
thriving body 47 reticence noun feel or what you know about her ordeal.
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and as much as is needed for a particular We can only prosecute if
thriving body 47 sufficient adjective purpose there is sufficient evidence.
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and the detrimental effect of
thriving body 48 detrimental adjective causing harm or damage pollution on the environment
Our figure skating club has
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and available or belonging only to particular exclusive use of the rink on
thriving body 48 exclusive adjective people, and not shared Mondays.

15
Proficiency Expert

Students from a privileged


3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and having advantages because of your background have an
thriving body 48 privileged adjective wealth, social position etc advantage at university.
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and making you feel happier and more
thriving body 48 uplifting adjective hopeful an uplifting experience

3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and a beautiful country hotel that


thriving body 48 unwind verb to relax and stop feeling anxious is the perfect place to unwind
when someone does something or
something happens that affects your
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in private life or activities in an unwanted I resented this intrusion into
thriving control? 50 intrusion noun way my domestic affairs.
To be blunt, many of the
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in speaking in an honest way even if this candidates cannot read or
thriving control? 50 blunt adjective upsets people write.
She snuck around the house
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in to go somewhere secretly and quietly once her parents were
thriving control? 50 sneak around verb in order to avoid being seen or heard asleep.
She was finding it hard to
antisocial behaviour is violent or cope with her son’s
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and harmful to other people, or shows that increasingly antisocial
thriving body 51 antisocial adjective you do not care about other people behaviour.
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and working very hard in a determined way the tireless efforts of the
thriving body 51 tireless adjective without stopping rescue workers
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and the feeling of tiredness and being
thriving body 52 drowsiness noun almost asleep
a chronic problem is one that
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and continues for a long time and cannot There is a chronic shortage of
thriving body 52 chronic adjective easily be solved teachers.
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and The infuriating thing is that he
thriving body 54 infuriating adjective very annoying is always right.
3A - Who's in assertivess training to behave in a confident way,
SRB3 control? 28 training noun phrase so that people notice you
strictly forcing people to obey a set of
3A - Who's in rules or laws, especially ones that are
SRB3 control? 28 authoritarian adjective wrong or unfair an authoritarian government

3A - Who's in raise awareness Health officials have tried to


SRB3 control? 28 of verb phrase improve people's knowledge raise awareness about AIDS.
the ability to understand or know
3A - Who's in something because of a feeling rather Intuition told her it was unwise
SRB3 control? 30 intuition noun than by considering the facts to argue.
3A - Who's in to make certain that something will facilities to ensure the safety
SRB3 control? 30 ensure verb happen properly of cyclists
I don't like the idea of the two
3A - Who's in behind your prepositional if you do something behind someone's of them talking about me
SRB3 control? 30 back phrase back, you do it without them knowing behind my back.
3A - Who's in if a problem or difficult situation arises, A crisis has arisen in the
SRB3 control? 30 arise verb it begins to happen Foreign Office.
a part of a cell in a living thing that
controls what it looks like, how it grows,
3A - Who's in and how it develops. People get their
SRB3 control? 31 gene noun genes from their parents human genes
3A - Who's in not well known and usually not very The details of his life remain
SRB3 control? 31 obscure adjective important obscure.

to describe yourself correctly and


thoroughly, and to say what standards,
3A - Who's in define yourself limits, qualities etc you have that make
SRB3 control? 32 as verb phrase you different from others
The government must
a lack of a fair or correct balance redress the imbalance (=put it
3A - Who's in between two things, which results in right) in spending on black
SRB3 control? 32 imbalance noun problems or unfairness and white children.
His comments were wholly
3A - Who's in not suitable or right for a particular inappropriate on such a
SRB3 control? 32 inappropriate adjective purpose or in a particular situation solemn occasion.

3A - Who's in to completely get rid of something such We can eradicate this


SRB3 control? 32 eradicate verb as a disease or a social problem disease from the world.

16
Proficiency Expert

the act or process of removing strong


3B - Mind and or violent emotions by expressing Music is a means of catharsis
SRB3 body 33 catharsis noun them through writing, talking, acting etc for me.
3B - Mind and if you suffer from insomnia, you are not
SRB3 body 33 insomnia noun able to sleep
a person who suffers from a mental
disorder (=problem) that makes him /
3B - Mind and her unable to communicate properly,
SRB3 body 34 autistic adjective or to form relationships
something such as a poem or a
3B - Mind and sentence that you use to help you
SRB3 body 34 mnemonic noun remember a rule, a name etc

a sudden condition in which someone


3B - Mind and cannot control the movements of their
SRB3 body 34 seizure noun body, which continues for a short time He had an epileptic seizure.
if someone has a stroke, an artery
(=tube carrying blood) in their brain
suddenly bursts or becomes blocked,
3B - Mind and so that they may die or be unable to She died following a massive
SRB3 body 34 stroke noun use some muscles stroke.
3B - Mind and
SRB3 body 34 fleeting adjective lasting for only a short time a fleeting smile
to accept someone or something just
as it appears; to believe that the way
3B - Mind and prepositional things appear is the way they really
SRB3 body 34 at face value phrase are.
to improve your skill at doing
3B - Mind and something, especially when you are He set about honing his skills
SRB3 body 34 hone verb already very good at it as a draughtsman.
3B - Mind and adjectival
SRB3 body 34 dead on phrase exactly right; on target
3B - Mind and damaged, less strong, or not as good visually/hearing/mentally etc
SRB3 body 34 impaired adjective as before impaired
to begin a different job, start to live in I was ready to leave
3B - Mind and a different place etc, especially after a everything behind and start
SRB3 body 34 anew adverb difficult period in your life anew in California.
3B - Mind and very shocking and extremely unfair or
SRB3 body 34 outrageous adjective offensive outrageous prices
to admit that something is true or That's the only possible
3B - Mind and correct, although you wish it were not solution.' 'Yes, I suppose so,'
SRB3 body 34 concede verb true Charles conceded.
3B - Mind and enhanced access to
SRB3 body 34 enhanced adjective improved or better information
3B - Mind and to make someone suffer a lot, Seth was tormented by
SRB3 body 34 torment verb especially mentally feelings of guilt.
3B - Mind and
SRB3 body 34 semantic adjective relating to the meanings of words
someone who has mental problems
and may have lower intelligence than
average, but who can do one thing
3B - Mind and very well, such as adding numbers
SRB3 body 35 savant noun very quickly
His parents still clung to the
a misguided idea or opinion is wrong misguided belief that his
3B - Mind and because it is based on a wrong common sense would keep
SRB3 body 35 misguided adjective understanding of a situation him out of serious trouble.
The film reinforces the idea
3B - Mind and to give support to an opinion, idea, or that women should be pretty
SRB3 body 35 reinforce verb feeling, and make it stronger and dumb.
Dieting always seems to
3B - Mind and to bring a thought, picture, idea, or conjure up images of endless
SRB3 body 35 conjure up phrasal verb memory to someone's mind salads.
to fall or lean against something
3B - Mind and because you are not strong enough to
SRB3 body 36 slump verb stand She slumped against the wall.
things arranged so that they form a line This policy is closely aligned
3B - Mind and or are parallel to each other, or in a with the goals of the
SRB3 body 36 aligned adjective position that forms a line etc organization.
3B - Mind and She was left feeling totally
SRB3 body 36 devastated adjective feeling extremely shocked and sad devastated.
17
Proficiency Expert

3B - Mind and to completely understand and begin to It will take time to assimilate
SRB3 body 38 assimilate verb use new ideas, information etc all these facts.
3B - Mind and Jill crammed her clothes into
SRB3 body 38 cram verb to force something into a small space the bag.
3B - Mind and The evidence against the two
SRB3 body 38 inconclusive adjective not leading to a clear decision or result men was inconclusive.

3B - Mind and the period of time during which you Children often have a short
SRB3 body 38 attention span noun phrase continue to be interested in something attention span.
They fear it could have an
3B - Mind and adverse effect on global
SRB3 body 38 adverse adjective not good or favourable financial markets.
4A - Too much of to be fortunate that something is the We were blessed with fine
4 - Information a good thing? 56 blessed verb case weather for the whole week.
when someone or something is
considered to be more important than
someone or something else, and
4A - Too much of therefore comes first or must be dealt Guests were seated in order
4 - Information a good thing? 56 take precedence verb phrase with first of precedence.

4A - Too much of to lower your body close to the ground He crouched in the shadows
4 - Information a good thing? 56 crouch verb by bending your knees completely near the doorway.
4A - Too much of to gradually reduce something such as Repeated exam failure had
4 - Information a good thing? 56 erode verb someone’s power or confidence eroded her confidence.
an extreme unhealthy interest in
something or worry about something, Gambling became an
4A - Too much of which stops you from thinking about obsession, and he eventually
4 - Information a good thing? 56 obsession noun anything else lost everything.
if ideas, beliefs, emotions etc permeate An emotional intensity
4A - Too much of something, they are present in every permeates every one of
4 - Information a good thing? 56 permeate verb part of it O'Connor’s songs.
a sudden strong desire to do
4A - Too much of something without thinking about Marge’s first impulse was to
4 - Information a good thing? 56 impulse noun whether it is a sensible thing to do run.
4A - Too much of The bridge needs some
4 - Information a good thing? 56 reinforcement noun the act of making something stronger structural reinforcement.
These surveys are often a
4A - Too much of rather fallible guide to public
4 - Information a good thing? 56 fallible adjective able to make mistakes or be wrong opinion.
The mundane task of setting
4A - Too much of the table can be fun on
4 - Information a good thing? 56 mundane adjective ordinary and not interesting or exciting holidays.
I'm the type of person who
4A - Too much of habitually checks their email
4 - Information a good thing? 57 habitually adverb usually or by habit every morning.
4A - Too much of feel compelled to have the strong feeling that you He felt compelled to tell her
4 - Information a good thing? 57 to do sth verb phrase must do something the truth.
coming from or relating to facts,
4A - Too much of situations etc other than the one you information that is exterior to
4 - Information a good thing? 57 exterior adjective are considering the text itself
4A - Too much of
4 - Information a good thing? 57 incessant adjective continuing without stopping incessant rain
a chance to do something or an
4A - Too much of golden occasion when it is easy for you to do a rare opportunity to see
4 - Information a good thing? 59 opportunity noun phrase something inside this historic building
a conventional method, product, Internet connections through
4A - Too much of practice etc has been used for a long conventional phone lines are
4 - Information a good thing? 59 conventional adjective time and is considered the usual type fairly slow.
personal identification number,
a number that you use when you get PINs are used in banking but
4A - Too much of money from a machine using a plastic are also used in other, non-
4 - Information a good thing? 59 pin number noun phrase card financial systems.
to think or guess that something is
4A - Too much of smaller, cheaper, easier etc than it We underestimated how long
4 - Information a good thing? 60 underestimate verb really is it would take to get there.
the basic idea is quite simple,
4A - Too much of make something more complicated but some people tend to
4 - Information a good thing? 60 overcomplicate verb than necessary. overcomplicate it
organised activity so that the people a co-ordinated approach to
4A - Too much of involved in it work well together and economic and social
4 - Information a good thing? 60 co-ordinated adjective achieve a good result questions
18
Proficiency Expert

unfounded statements, feelings, Unfounded rumours began


4A - Too much of opinions etc are wrong because they circulating that Ian and Susan
4 - Information a good thing? 60 unfounded adjective are not based on facts were having an affair.
code of
4A - Too much of (business) the way someone behaves, especially the Law Society's Code of
4 - Information a good thing? 60 conduct phrase in public, in their job etc Professional Conduct

Arthur has some strange


4A - Too much of to hold a particular opinion, but not ideas, but on this occasion I'm
4 - Information a good thing? 60 be inclined to phrase very strongly inclined to agree with him.
an action or remark that shows a lack Earl describes his past links
4A - Too much of of good judgment, especially one that with the racist group as a
4 - Information a good thing? 60 indiscretion noun is morally unacceptable youthful indiscretion.

Diehard conservatives remain


4B - Open up resisting change and refusing to opposed to the president's
4 - Information your world 63 diehard adjective accept new ideas health care reforms.
Some school officials are only
4B - Open up be up to speed having the latest information or now getting up to speed
4 - Information your world 63 with (sth) verb phrase knowledge about something regarding computers.
to think of new, different, or unusual If we try to think outside the
4B - Open up think ‘outside ways of doing something, especially in box, we might find a better
4 - Information your world 63 the box’ verb phrase business solution.
an important new plan or process to
4B - Open up achieve a particular aim or to solve a a government initiative to help
4 - Information your world 63 initiative noun particular problem exporters
Constraints on spending have
4B - Open up something that limits your freedom to forced the company to rethink
4 - Information your world 63 constraint noun do what you want its plans.
The company is building the
when you work together with another centre in collaboration with
4B - Open up person or group to achieve something, the Institute of Offshore
4 - Information your world 63 collaboration noun especially in science or art Engineering.
to give money to a sports event,
4B - Open up theatre, organization etc, often in The club is sponsored by
4 - Information your world 63 sponsor verb exchange for the right to advertise Emirates Airline.

4B - Open up to make small changes to something in Congress has been tinkering


4 - Information your world 63 tinker verb order to repair it or make it work better with the legislation.
4B - Open up to stop something from happening or rules and regulations that
4 - Information your world 63 stifle verb developing stifle innovation
a rule, problem etc that prevents Problems with childcare
4B - Open up people from doing something, or limits remain the biggest barrier to
4 - Information your world 63 barrier noun what they can do women succeeding at work.
to make it difficult for someone or
4B - Open up something to move forward or make Storms at sea impeded our
4 - Information your world 63 impede verb progress progress.
an influence that makes something
4B - Open up happen or makes it happen more The report may provide
4 - Information your world 63 impetus noun quickly further impetus for reform.
to provide new information about research findings that cast
4B - Open up cast (new) light something, making it easier to new light on the origin of our
4 - Information your world 63 on verb phrase understand universe
4B - Open up the practice or system of censoring
4 - Information your world 64 censorship noun something censorship of books
a serious argument about something
4B - Open up that involves many people and
4 - Information your world 64 controversy noun continues for a long time a political controversy
an opinion about whether a person,
4B - Open up group, or idea is good or bad which
4 - Information your world 64 bias noun influences how you deal with it political bias in the press
4B - Open up The newspaper article lacked
4 - Information your world 64 objectivity noun the quality of being objective any objectivity.
4B - Open up be accustomed to be familiar with something and We were accustomed to
4 - Information your world 64 to (sth) verb phrase accept it as normal working together.
4B - Open up not allowed by laws or rules, or
4 - Information your world 64 illicit adjective strongly disapproved of by society illicit drugs
if someone or something is subject to
something, especially something bad,
4B - Open up it is possible or likely that they will be
4 - Information your world 64 be subject to phrase affected by it Prices are subject to change.
19
Proficiency Expert

4B - Open up to cause a reaction or feeling, The novel has provoked


4 - Information your world 64 provoke verb especially a sudden one fierce debate in the US.

4B - Open up broadsheet a newspaper printed on large sheets of


4 - Information your world 65 (newspaper) noun phrase paper, especially a serious newspaper
The 1936 Olympics were
4B - Open up act as a vehicle something you use to express and used as a vehicle for Nazi
4 - Information your world 65 for verb phrase spread your ideas, opinions etc propaganda.
a change in the genetic structure of an Any mutation in the gene
4B - Open up animal or plant that makes it different increases the risk of
4 - Information your world 66 mutation noun from others of the same kind developing the disease.
the part of a computer where
information and programs are stored,
consisting of hard disks and the
4B - Open up electronic equipment that reads what is
4 - Information your world 66 hard drive noun phrase stored on them
to start a company, organization,
4B - Open up system, etc that is intended to exist or Our goal is to establish a new
4 - Information your world 67 establish verb continue for a long time, to found research centre in the North.
The evidence from the latest
4B - Open up lend weight to to make an opinion or belief seem studies lends weight to the
4 - Information your world 67 (sth) phrasal verb more likely to be correct. theory.
Schools may earn extra
4B - Open up the buildings and land that a shop, money by renting out their
4 - Information your world 69 premises noun restaurant, company etc uses premises.
4B - Open up not having the ability or skill to do a job
4 - Information your world 70 incompetent adjective properly weak, incompetent leadership
to examine information, documents etc
carefully in order to find something out
4B - Open up or decide what is important and what is Police are sifting through the
4 - Information your world 70 sift through verb phrase not evidence.

to put several things, problems etc in


4B - Open up order of importance, so that you can You need to prioritise your
4 - Information your world 70 prioritise verb deal with the most important ones first tasks.
The research will help
4B - Open up to get rid of people or things that are governments to weed out
4 - Information your world 70 weed out phrasal verb not very good ineffective aid schemes.
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of
Information a good thing? 39 conservative adjective not liking changes or new ideas conservative views

if a person or a thing is reflected in a


mirror, glass, or water, you can see an She could see her face
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of image of the person or thing on the reflected in the car's
Information a good thing? 39 reflect verb surface of the mirror, glass, or water windshield.
The risk of infection is
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of to exist in or affect only a particular confined to medical
Information a good thing? 39 be confined to phrase place or group personnel.
to become more strict in dealing with a The government is
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of problem and punishing the people determined to crack down on
Information a good thing? 39 crack down on phrasal verb involved terrorism.
retract (a if you retract something that you said He confessed to the murder
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of statement, or agreed, you say that you did not but later retracted his
Information a good thing? 39 comment) verb mean it statement.
the effects of an action or event, The collapse of the company
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of especially bad effects that continue for had repercussions for the
Information a good thing? 39 repercussions noun some time whole industry.
a statement that someone has done Mr Singh has strongly denied
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of something wrong or illegal, but that the allegations of sexual
Information a good thing? 39 allegation noun has not been proved harassment.
money or a gift that you illegally give The officials said that they
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of someone to persuade them to do had been offered bribes
Information a good thing? 39 bribe noun something for you before an important game.
to use all the information you have Police are trying to piece
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of about a situation in order to discover together his movements
Information a good thing? 39 piece together phrasal verb the truth about it before the murder.
the buttons that you press on a
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of key (on a computer keyboard to operate the Press the ESCAPE key to
Information a good thing? 40 computer) noun computer exit.
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of be packed (with adjectival
Information a good thing? 41 people) phrase extremely full of people a packed courtroom
20
Proficiency Expert

SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of to stop having something because you The government has ditched
Information a good thing? 41 ditch verb no longer want it plans to privatise the prison.
a reduction in something, such as the
number of workers in a company or the The shortage of teachers was
SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of amount of money a government or blamed on government
Information a good thing? 41 cutbacks noun company spends cutbacks.

SRB 4 - 4A - Too much of to eagerly accept a new idea, opinion, We hope these regions will
Information a good thing? 44 embrace (ideas) verb religion etc embrace democratic reforms.
a word or expression that is pejorative For hard-line Republicans,
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up is used to show disapproval or to insult the word 'liberal' had become
Information your world 44 pejorative adjective someone a pejorative term.
people not trained in a particular
subject or type of work, especially If you don't understand what
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up when they are being compared with the doctor says, ask to have it
Information your world 44 laypeople noun someone who is explained in layman's terms.
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up I don't give any credence to
Information your world 44 credence noun the acceptance of something as true these rumors.
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up the quality of being honest and strong
Information your world 44 integrity noun about what you believe to be right a man of great moral integrity
to give something or someone a name The body, thousands of years
that describes them in some way, to old, was found in the Alps and
change the original spoken language dubbed 'The Iceman'. a
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up of a film or television programme into British film dubbed into
Information your world 44 dubbed verb (p.part.) another language French
not completely belonging to or
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up prepositional accepted by a group of people who a small group on the fringes
Information your world 44 on the fringes phrase share the same job, activities etc of the art world

in groups of 12. If something is


SRB 4 - 4B - Open up produced by the dozen, large numbers The government is producing
Information your world 44 by the dozen phrase of that thing are being produced new policies by the dozen.
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up
Information your world 44 incongruent adjective incompatible, not fitting well together
The student dug her heels in
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up dig (one's) heels to refuse to do something in spite of and refused to obey the
Information your world 44 in phrase other people's efforts to persuade you instructions.
John has several new ideas
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up used to say that an idea or plan cannot for the show, but nothing is
Information your world 44 fixed in stone phrase change fixed in stone yet.
a seminal article, book etc is
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up important, and influences the way a seminal study of eighteenth-
Information your world 44 seminal adjective things develop in the future century France
a silk cover that young moths and
other insects make to protect
themselves while they are growing, a
place or situation in which you feel
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up comfortable and safe, and are She was surrounded by the
Information your world 44 cocoon noun protected from anything unpleasant cocoon of a loving family.
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up the activities of someone who pretends
Information your world 45 quackery noun be a doctor
I don't mind the cut and thrust
of argument, but I prefer
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up cut-and-thrust adjectival friendlier and more relaxed
Information your world 45 (debate) phrase lively discussion or activity conversation.
someone who seems only interested in
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up colloquial computers and other technical things -
Information your world 45 nerd noun used to show disapproval a computer nerd
put firmly and deeply into something
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up else, or to be put into something in this A piece of glass was
Information your world 45 embedded adjective way embedded in her hand.

The company's new policy


SRB 4 - 4B - Open up if a plan or action backfires, it has the backfired when a number of
Information your world 45 backfire verb opposite effect to the one you intended employees threatened to quit.
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up
Information your world 45 exhaustive adjective extremely thorough and complete an exhaustive investigation
interested in your own group, country,
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up way of life etc and no others - used to
Information your world 45 insular adjective show disapproval an insular community
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up material that is permeable allows
Information your world 45 permeable adjective water, gas etc to pass through it the permeable cell membrane
21
Proficiency Expert

His actions have the


SRB 4 - 4B - Open up approval of something, especially from imprimatur of the Secretary of
Information your world 45 imprimatur noun an important person State.
the religious things and people that
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up surround you and influence the way Proust's work reflected his
Information your world 45 cultic milieu noun phrase you live and think own social and cultural milieu.
to take property away from the person
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up sequestrate it belongs to because they have not
Information your world 45 (oneself) verb paid their debts
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up Owen's goal kept England in
Information your world 45 in contention phrase having a chance of winning something contention.
to give the exact words of something
that has been written, especially in
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up order to support an opinion or prove The passage cited above is
Information your world 46 cite verb an idea from a Robert Frost poem.
a particular type of art, writing, music
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up etc, which has certain features that all
Information your world 46 genre noun examples of this type share a new genre of filmmaking
The minister resigned, and
the government hoped that
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up to stop people from worrying about or the scandal would finally be
Information your world 47 lay (sth) to rest verb phrase believing something laid to rest.

SRB 4 - 4B - Open up He was criticized for his inept


Information your world 47 inept adjective not good at doing something handling of the problem.
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up emotionally healthy and able to deal
Information your world 47 well-adjusted adjective well with the problems of life a happy, well-adjusted child
He was instrumental in
SRB 4 - 4B - Open up be instrumental adjectival to be important in making something developing links with
Information your world 47 in phrase happen European organizations.
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a Rumours abound as to the
literature word! 72 abound verb to exist in very large numbers reasons for his resignation.
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a a sudden increase in amount or
literature word! 72 surge noun number a surge in food costs
to use something for a particular a job in which a variety of
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a purpose, especially ideas, arguments professional skills will be
literature word! 72 deploy verb etc deployed
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a to happen after or as a result of problems that ensue from
literature word! 72 ensue verb something food and medical shortages
when you guess about the possible
causes or effects of something without
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a knowing all the facts, or the guesses There is speculation that the
literature word! 72 speculation noun that you make president is ill.
The assistants price the items
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a to make things into a neat pile, or to and stack them on the
literature word! 72 stack verb form a neat pile shelves.
They deemed that he was no
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a to think of something in a particular longer capable of managing
literature word! 72 deem verb way or as having a particular quality the business.
the state of being admired and
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a respected for being important or for He acquired kudos just by
literature word! 72 kudos noun doing something important appearing on television.
relating to things a person or company
owns that have a known value, for Investors began buying gold
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a example property, buildings, or and tangible assets rather
literature word! 72 tangible adjective equipment than shares.
Women tended to be
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a to give someone or something a less relegated to typing and filing
literature word! 72 relegate verb important position than before jobs.

5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a how likely it is that something will or will The odds are that he will
literature word! 72 odds noun pl not happen commit the same crime again.
Household waste is carted
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a to take something somewhere in a away by the city's Sanitation
literature word! 73 cart verb cart, truck etc Department.
When it came to the crunch,
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a come to the an important time, especially one when she couldn't agree to marry
literature word! 73 crunch verb phrase a difficult decision has to be made him.
to look around a place in order to try to
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a nose around / find something, when there is no one What were you doing nosing
literature word! 73 about phrasal verb else there around in my office?

22
Proficiency Expert

if something speaks volumes, it clearly


5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a shows the nature of something or the What you wear speaks
literature word! 73 speak volumes expression feelings of a person volumes about you.
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a a tendency to prefer or agree with a
literature word! 73 leaning noun particular set of beliefs, opinions etc his radical political leanings
the qualities and character of a The restaurant’s new owners
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a particular place and the way these have created a welcoming
literature word! 73 ambiance noun make you feel ambience.
Are you so tired you don't
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a to get involved with other people and have the energy to engage
literature word! 73 engage with verb their ideas in order to understand them with your kids?
a book cover, material sewn or stuck
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a along the edge of a piece of cloth for
literature word! 73 binding noun strength or decoration
a branch or stick where a bird sits, a
high place or position, especially one She watched the parade from
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a where you can sit and watch her perch on her father's
literature word! 73 perch noun something shoulders.
if you are redundant, your employer no
longer has a job for you, not necessary As the economy weakens,
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a because something else means or more and more jobs will be
literature word! 73 redundant adjective does the same thing made redundant.
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a
literature word! 73 tome noun a large heavy book
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a a strong feeling that you like and his remarkable affinity with
literature word! 73 affinity noun understand someone or something animals
someone who is likely to do a
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a particular thing or achieve a particular the prospective costs of
literature word! 73 prospective adjective position providing pensions

to be good at noticing a particular type


5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a have a good eye of thing, especially something She’s definitely got a good
literature word! 74 for (sth) noun phrase attractive, valuable, of good quality etc eye for a bargain.
to move, or to make someone or
something move, to change your
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a opinion, or to make someone change The government has refused
literature word! 75 budge verb their opinion to budge.
unable to talk in a relaxed way When adults spoke to her,
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a because you feel nervous or she became tongue-tied and
literature word! 75 tongue-tied adjective embarrassed shy.
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a playing according to the rules of a rules designed to ensure fair
literature word! 75 fair play expression game without cheating play
if something is a foregone conclusion,
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a foregone its result is certain, even though it has The election result was a
literature word! 75 conclusion noun phrase not happened yet foregone conclusion.
an action that is dishonest, unfair, or
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a illegal, especially one that happens The police said they had no
literature word! 75 foul play expression during a sports game reason to suspect foul play.
There were some kids at the
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a door asking for money but I
literature word! 75 send sb packing verb phrase to ask someone to leave immediately sent them packing.
someone who is a laughing stock has
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a done something so silly that people The programme has made
literature word! 75 laughing stock noun phrase have no respect for them the U.S. a laughingstock.
to combine things in order to make They string together image
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a string sth something that is complete, good, after image until the
literature word! 75 together phrasal verb useful etc documentary is completed.
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a Some people seem to have a
literature word! 75 knack noun a natural skill or ability knack for making money.
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a clearly expressed in a few words - use Anderson put the same point
literature word! 75 succinctly adverb this to show approval more succinctly.
all the words and phrases used in a
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a language or that a particular person New words continuously enter
literature word! 75 lexicon noun phrase knows the lexicon of the language.
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a a rude way of saying you are glad She was awful. Good
literature word! 75 good riddance noun phrase someone has left riddance to her, I say!
a sudden strong desire to do
5 - Language and 5B - An open prepositional something without thinking about On impulse, I picked up the
literature book 79 on an impulse phrase whether it is a sensible thing to do phone and rang her.
the cause, idea etc that is the most
5 - Language and 5B - An open important, although it is not easily the underlying causes of her
literature book 79 underlying adjective noticed depression
23
Proficiency Expert

5 - Language and 5B - An open human effort by people in general to do an outstanding example of


literature book 79 endeavour noun something new or difficult human endeavor
to make someone feel nervous and We were kept on tenterhooks
5 - Language and 5B - An open keep (sb) on excited waiting to find out something or while the judges made their
literature book 79 tenterhooks verb phrase for something to happen decision.
There is serious UN concern
5 - Language and 5B - An open an unfolding event, situation etc is about unfolding events in
literature book 79 unfolding adjective happening now Syria.
5 - Language and 5B - An open containing many small parts or details
literature book 79 intricate adjective that all work or fit together intricate patterns
5 - Language and 5B - An open unusual, especially in an interesting I like his quirky sense of
literature book 79 quirky adjective way humour.
He’s got the daunting task of
5 - Language and 5B - An open frightening in a way that makes you following in Ferguson’s
literature book 79 daunting adjective feel less confident footsteps.
a sudden clear understanding of
something or part of something, The article gives us a real
5 - Language and 5B - An open especially a complicated situation or insight into the causes of the
literature book 79 insight noun idea present economic crisis.
a feature that allows you to
browse your hard drive and
5 - Language and 5B - An open to search for information on a choose the graphic you want
literature book 79 browse verb phrase computer or on the Internet to display
including a mixture of many different
5 - Language and 5B - An open things or people, especially so that you an eclectic mixture of 18th
literature book 79 eclectic adjective can use the best of all of them and 19th century furniture
5 - Language and 5B - An open an experience from which you learn The whole trip has been a
literature book 79 eye-opener noun something surprising or new real eye-opener.
someone who is perceptive notices
things quickly and understands
5 - Language and 5B - An open situations, people’s feelings etc well – You’re right. That’s very
literature book 79 perceptive adjective used to show approval perceptive of you.
5 - Language and 5B - An open an avid collector of old jazz
literature book 83 avid adjective doing something as much as possible records
5 - Language and 5B - An open be captivated by to be very attracted to someone, so He was captivated by her
literature book 85 (sth) phrase that you give them all your attention beauty.
The police surreptitiously
5 - Language and 5B - An open secretly, without other people knowing recorded the meeting and
literature book 86 surreptitiously adverb or seeing used the tape as evidence.
5 - Language and 5B - An open their ongoing search for a
literature book 80 ongoing adjective continuing, or continuing to develop new director

5 - Language and 5B - An open prepositional help that you need to do a particular Father Poole walked painfully,
literature book 80 with the aid of phrase thing with the aid of a stick.
5 - Language and 5B - An open an avid collector of old jazz
literature book 83 avid adjective doing something as much as possible records
5 - Language and 5B - An open believing or feeling something very
literature book 83 fervent adjective strongly and sincerely a fervent appeal for peace
5 - Language and 5B - An open
literature book 83 outlandish adjective strange and unusual outlandish clothes
a situation in a story, film, or a
competition that makes you feel very
excited or nervous because you do not
5 - Language and 5B - An open know what will happen or have to wait the episode's cliffhanger
literature book 83 cliffhanger noun a long time to see how it will end ending
5 - Language and 5B - An open be captivated by to be very attracted to someone, so He was captivated by her
literature book 85 (sth) phrase that you give them all your attention beauty.
if a crowd of people melts away, the
5 - Language and 5B - An open people gradually leave, to gradually Her determination to take
literature book 86 melt away phrasal verb disappear revenge slowly melted away.
5 - Language and 5B - An open She thought the party was
literature book 86 the bee's knees phrase to be very good just the bee's knees.
5 - Language and 5B - An open get the hang of to learn how to do something or use It seems difficult at first, but
literature book 86 sth verb phrase something you'll soon get the hang of it.

5 - Language and 5B - An open if speech, writing, or an idea is His reply was barely
literature book 86 intelligible adjective intelligible, it can be easily understood intelligible.
What they promise sounds
5 - Language and 5B - An open produce the impressive, let's see if they
literature book 86 goods expression to produce what is wanted can produce the goods.

24
Proficiency Expert

someone who has been elected or


5A - It's all in a chosen to speak, vote, or take Around 350 delegates
SRB5 word! 50 delegate noun decisions for a group attended the conference.
5A - It's all in a a short description giving information
SRB5 word! 50 blurb noun about a book, new product etc
5A - It's all in a inflated prices, amounts etc are high He has a very inflated opinion
SRB5 word! 50 inflated adjective and unreasonable of himself.
making you feel less angry or
5A - It's all in a disapproving towards someone, and
SRB5 word! 50 disarming adjective more friendly a disarming sense of humor
5A - It's all in a a language used between people English is the lingua franca in
SRB5 word! 50 lingua franca noun whose main languages are different many countries.
5A - It's all in a seeming to be everywhere - Coffee shops are ubiquitous
SRB5 word! 51 ubiquitous adjective sometimes used humorously these days.
5A - It's all in a the origin of something, especially a
SRB5 word! 51 derivation noun word
5A - It's all in a
SRB5 word! 51 wacky adjective silly in an exciting or amusing way a wonderfully wacky idea
a word made up from the first letters of NATO is an acronym for the
5A - It's all in a the name of something such as an North Atlantic Treaty
SRB5 word! 51 acronym noun organization Organization.
5A - It's all in a making things much clearer and easier
SRB5 word! 52 illuminating adjective to understand a very illuminating book

5A - It's all in a The book was subsequently


SRB5 word! 52 subsequently adverb after an event in the past translated into 15 languages.
5A - It's all in a provide the place, food etc for a The gallery is playing host to
SRB5 word! 52 play host to verb phrase special meeting or event an exhibition of sculpture.
Lack of resources has been a
5A - It's all in a continuing or existing for a long time, perennial problem since the
SRB5 word! 53 perennial adjective or happening again and again beginning.
someone who is savvy is clever and
5A - It's all in a knows how to deal with situations
SRB5 word! 54 savvy adjective successfully savvy consumers
5A - It's all in a unusual, especially in an interesting I like his quirky sense of
SRB5 word! 54 quirky adjective way humour.
to use or take what is needed from
5A - It's all in a something such as an energy supply People are tapping into the
SRB5 word! 54 tap into phrasal verb or an amount of money power supply illegally.
When I was studying for my
an unnecessary activity that you do exams I used to clean the
5A - It's all in a displacement because you are trying to delay doing house as a displacement
SRB5 word! 54 activities noun phrase a more difficult or unpleasant activity activity.
5A - It's all in a She was beguiled by his
SRB5 word! 54 beguile verb to interest and attract someone smooth talk.

to produce something quickly or in The company has bashed out


5A - It's all in a bash out a great quantities but without much care a whole raft of new software
SRB5 word! 54 whole raft of phrase or thought a large number of things products.
a completely different situation, often
5A - It's all in a a whole different one that is difficult or that you know
SRB5 word! 54 ballgame phrase little about
5A - It's all in a the total amount of sales, especially
SRB5 word! 54 volume of sales phrase when they are large or increasing
to present news or information in a
simple and attractive way without many
details so that everyone can Have history textbooks been
5A - It's all in a understand it - used to show dumbed down over the past
SRB5 word! 54 dumb down verb disapproval decade?
to be in a difficult situation in which I feel as though I'm walking a
5A - It's all in a something bad could happen if you tightrope between success
SRB5 word! 54 walk a tightrope expression make a mistake and failure.
5B - An open positive and making you feel that good
SRB5 book 55 upbeat adjective things will happen an upbeat message
5B - An open compulsion (to a strong and unreasonable desire to the compulsion to smoke or
SRB5 book 55 do sth) noun do something eat too much
used when you are telling someone Needless to say, any
5B - An open adjectival something that they probably know or contributions of money will be
SRB5 book 55 needless to say phrase expect gratefully received.
someone or something that has the Belgian officials are
5B - An open same job or purpose as someone or discussing this with their
SRB5 book 55 counterpart noun something else in a different place French counterparts.
25
Proficiency Expert

5B - An open Conceivably, interest rates


SRB5 book 55 conceivably adverb able to be believed or imagined could rise very high indeed.
5B - An open the total number of things that the behavioral repertoire of
SRB5 book 55 repertoire noun someone or something is able to do infants
5B - An open
SRB5 book 56 codex noun an ancient book written by hand a sixth-century codex
5B - An open to rub and twist your hands together
SRB5 book 56 hand-wringing noun because you are worried and upset
5B - An open a large bird that was unable to fly and
SRB5 book 56 dodo noun no longer exists, a stupid person
5B - An open geometric a pattern having or using the shapes
SRB5 book 56 pattern noun phrase and lines in geometry
5B - An open Someone had scribbled a
SRB5 book 56 margin noun the empty space at the side of a page note in the margin.
Crowds began to congregate
5B - An open to hear the President's
SRB5 book 56 congregate verb to come together in a group speech.
5B - An open a place where lines in a netwrok cross
SRB5 book 56 node noun or join
5B - An open The old painting was
SRB5 book 56 painstakingly adverb very carefully and thoroughly painstakingly restored.
dog-eared books or papers have been
5B - An open used so much that the corners are
SRB5 book 56 dog-eared adjective turned over or torn a dog-eared novel
if a new idea, product, or method
supersedes another one, it becomes Their map has since been
5B - An open used instead because it is more superseded by photographic
SRB5 book 56 superseded adjective modern or effective atlases.
to become difficult to see or to make
5B - An open something difficult to see, because the The street lights were blurred
SRB5 book 57 blur verb edges are not clear by the fog.
the imminent demise
5B - An open (=happening soon) of the
SRB5 book 57 demise noun the end of something that used to exist local newspaper

5B - An open to feel very sad and to miss someone Hundreds of people gathered
SRB5 book 57 mourn verb after they have died to mourn the slain president.
an event that is imminent, especially
5B - An open an unpleasant one, will happen very He was in imminent danger of
SRB5 book 57 imminent adjective soon dying.
to be in charge of a museum, a
5B - An open collection of art, or a particular The museum director curated
SRB5 book 57 curate verb exhibition or arts festival the exhibition.
We've incorporated many
environmentally-friendly
5B - An open to include something as part of a features into the design of the
SRB5 book 57 incorporate verb group, system, plan etc building.
to make a new discovery, work of art
etc that is very different from what
5B - An open push the people have known before, and that art that pushes back the
SRB5 book 57 boundaries verb phrase changes the way they think boundaries
5B - An open to increase the value, amount, Any surplus was sold to
SRB5 book 57 augment verb effectiveness etc of something augment their income.
the way in which you see the
information from a computer program
5B - An open on a screen, or how you type
SRB5 book 57 interface noun information into the program
a job or piece of work that involves two
5B - An open or more people working together to
SRB5 book 57 collaborative adjective achieve something
a CD collection covering the
5B - An open the start of an organization or band from its inception in
SRB5 book 57 inception noun institution 1994
5B - An open short notes added to a book or piece an annotated edition of
SRB5 book 57 annotated adjective of writing to explain parts of it 'Othello'
5B - An open when other people do not know who Every step will be taken to
SRB5 book 58 anonymity noun you are or what your name is preserve your anonymity.
Having children so early in
5B - An open a situation that has both good and bad their marriage was a mixed
SRB5 book 59 mixed blessing expression parts blessing.

26
Proficiency Expert

a place in the wall of a room that is


5B - An open built further back than the rest of the
SRB5 book 60 alcove noun wall

5B - An open a group of people or things, especially There was a vast array of


SRB5 book 60 array noun one that is large or impressive colours to choose from.
6A - Sense of that old a joke or story that has been repeated If I hear that old chestnut
6 - Travel adventure 88 chestnut noun phrase many times again, I'll scream!
The company lost £3 million,
6A - Sense of be a far cry from which is a far cry from last
6 - Travel adventure 88 (sth) verb phrase to be very different from something year’s £60 million profit.
With the passage of time,
6A - Sense of the passage of things began to look more
6 - Travel adventure 88 time noun phrase the passing of time hopeful.
Politicians might think they
6A - Sense of the way in which important events can control the tides of
6 - Travel adventure 88 tides of history noun phrase develop over a long period of time history, but they're wrong.
6A - Sense of the activity of travelling continuously How old were you when you
6 - Travel adventure 88 vagabonding noun and not having a permanent home first started vagabonding?
6A - Sense of to enjoy an experience or the thought I don’t relish the thought of
6 - Travel adventure 88 relish verb of something that is going to happen you walking home alone.
6A - Sense of
6 - Travel adventure 88 grimy adjective covered with dirt grimy windows
6A - Sense of having advantages because of your Only the privileged few can
6 - Travel adventure 88 privileged adjective wealth, social position, job etc afford private education.
government departments or the people
6A - Sense of who work in them – used when you Fining people for chewing
6 - Travel adventure 88 officialdom noun think they are not helpful gum is officialdom gone mad!
6A - Sense of Their marriage has been
6 - Travel adventure 88 fraught adjective full of problems etc fraught with difficulties.
6A - Sense of a mysterious, exciting, or desirable
6 - Travel adventure 88 allure noun quality the allure of foreign travel
the central and most important part of
6A - Sense of an area, system, activity etc, which all Birmingham is at the hub of
6 - Travel adventure 88 hub noun the other parts are connected to Britain’s motorway network.

if someone or something has a Greg’s tendency to be critical


6A - Sense of tendency to do or become a particular made him unpopular with his
6 - Travel adventure 88 tendency noun thing, they are likely to do or become it co-workers.
6A - Sense of
6 - Travel adventure 89 ravaged adjective damaged very badly ravaged health
6A - Sense of wrinkles are lines on your face and Her face was a mass of
6 - Travel adventure 89 wrinkle noun skin that you get when you are old wrinkles.
a short sentence or phrase giving a
rule on how to behave, which
6A - Sense of expresses the aims or beliefs of a Be prepared' is the motto of
6 - Travel adventure 89 motto noun person, school, or institution the boy scouts.
6A - Sense of to beat a person or animal with a whip He was publicly flogged and
6 - Travel adventure 89 flog (to) verb or stick humiliated.
Researchers have stumbled
across a drug that may help
6A - Sense of to find or discover something by patients with Parkinson's
6 - Travel adventure 89 stumble across phrasal verb chance and unexpectedly disease.
6A - Sense of a helpful piece of advice given without
6 - Travel adventure 89 random tip noun phrase any definite plan or aim
6A - Sense of idiomatic They live in some village in
6 - Travel adventure 89 back of beyond phrase a place far away from any big town the back of beyond.
6A - Sense of happening or done in a way that is not I continued my studies in a
6 - Travel adventure 89 haphazard adjective planned or organized rather haphazard way.
He believes that these
outdated organizations will
6A - Sense of a lack of importance in a particular continue down the path to
6 - Travel adventure 89 irrelevance noun situation irrelevance.
if something bad taints a situation or
6A - Sense of adjectival person, it makes the person or Baker argues that his trial was
6 - Travel adventure 89 be tainted by phrase situation seem bad tainted by negative publicity.
to do something which is against your
6A - Sense of compromise principles and which therefore seems As soon as you compromise
6 - Travel adventure 89 (sth.) verb dishonest or shameful your principles you are lost.
6A - Sense of expeditions to far-flung
6 - Travel adventure 89 far-flung adjective very distant corners of the globe
27
Proficiency Expert

6A - Sense of I scribbled his phone number


6 - Travel adventure 89 scribble verb to write something quickly and untidily in my address book.
6A - Sense of The street was strewn with
6 - Travel adventure 90 strewn (all over) adjective scattered around a large area broken glass.
6A - Sense of unusual and attractive, especially in an a quaint little village in
6 - Travel adventure 90 quaint adjective old-fashioned way Yorkshire
thinking back to a time in the past,
6A - Sense of adverbial especially with the advantage of In retrospect, I wonder if we
6 - Travel adventure 90 in retrospect phrase knowing more now than you did then should have done more.
a situation in which you have a lot of
6A - Sense of problems that seem to be caused by his courage in the face of
6 - Travel adventure 90 adversity noun bad luck adversity

6A - Sense of to make someone experience serious The business has been beset
6 - Travel adventure 90 beset verb problems or dangers with financial problems.
6A - Sense of Australian the Australian countryside far away
6 - Travel adventure 90 outback noun from cities, where few people live
an exponent of an idea, belief etc tries
6A - Sense of to explain it and persuade others that it a leading exponent of
6 - Travel adventure 91 exponent noun is good or useful desktop publishing
a pair of glasses made of glass or
plastic with a rubber or plastic edge
6A - Sense of (swimming) that fit against your skin and protect
6 - Travel adventure 91 goggles noun your eyes
6A - Sense of a large mass of ice which moves
6 - Travel adventure 92 glacier noun slowly down a mountain valley
6A - Sense of to pay a yacht company to use their
6 - Travel adventure 93 yacht chartering noun boat
6A - Sense of
6 - Travel adventure 93 skipper noun the person in charge of a ship
Each order that is accepted
a legally binding agreement, contract, constitutes a legally binding
6A - Sense of decision, etc. is one that the law says contract between the seller
6 - Travel adventure 93 legally binding collocation you must obey and the purchaser.
6A - Sense of to regularly travel a long distance to Jim commutes to Manhattan
6 - Travel adventure 94 commute verb get to work every day.
if someone or something falls or slips
6B - The through the net, a system which was In a class of 30 children it is
conscientious slip through the designed to help or check them has easy for some to slip through
6 - Travel traveller 95 net verb phrase not succeeded in doing this the net and learn nothing.
Improving bus and rail
6B - The services shows the
conscientious sustainable forms of travel that do not use a lot of government's commitment to
6 - Travel traveller 95 travel noun phrase fuel or harm the environment sustainable travel
6B - The to be the cause of something, or be the one basic principle that
conscientious the basic thing from which something underlies all of the party’s
6 - Travel traveller 95 underlie verb phrase develops policies
6B - The
conscientious misguided notions of male
6 - Travel traveller 95 notion noun an idea, belief, or opinion superiority
6B - The
conscientious being part of the nature or character of the intrinsic interest of the
6 - Travel traveller 95 intrinsic adjective someone or something subject
a person or group of people whose job
is to protect the rights of people who
6B - The buy things and to make sure
conscientious companies do not do anything illegal or
6 - Travel traveller 95 watchdog noun harmful a consumer watchdog
6B - The someone’s education, achievements, There are doubts over his
conscientious experience etc that prove they have credentials as a future Prime
6 - Travel traveller 95 credentials noun pl the ability to do something Minister.
6B - The
conscientious a beautiful country hotel that
6 - Travel traveller 95 unwind verb to relax and stop feeling anxious is the perfect place to unwind
a strong desire for something or
6B - The interest in something, especially one
conscientious that affects a lot of people at the same the Victorian mania for
6 - Travel traveller 98 mania noun time butterfly collecting

6B - The used when talking about the most


conscientious basic and important part of something, In essence his message was
6 - Travel traveller 98 essence noun especially an idea, belief, or argument very simple.
28
Proficiency Expert

6B - The
conscientious a holiday photograph taken quickly
6 - Travel traveller 98 holiday snap collocation and often not very skilfully [= snapshot]
6B - The
conscientious all the people in the future who will be a priceless work of art that
6 - Travel traveller 98 posterity noun alive after you are dead must be kept for posterity
a strong desire for something or
6B - The interest in something, especially one
conscientious that affects a lot of people at the same the Victorian mania for
6 - Travel traveller 98 mania noun time butterfly collecting
6B - The
conscientious extremely beautiful and very delicately the most exquisite
6 - Travel traveller 98 exquisite adjective made craftsmanship
6B - The
conscientious an object or pattern made by cutting a
6 - Travel traveller 98 carving noun shape in wood or stone for decoration

6B - The used when talking about the most


conscientious basic and important part of something, In essence his message was
6 - Travel traveller 98 essence noun especially an idea, belief, or argument very simple.
6B - The
conscientious knock-down prices that have been reduced by a It sells designer goods at
6 - Travel traveller 99 prices noun pl large amount knock-down prices
6B - The
conscientious a common river-fish, often used for
6 - Travel traveller 99 trout noun food, or the flesh of this fish
6B - The
conscientious
6 - Travel traveller 99 wild boar noun a large wild pig with long hair
6B - The
conscientious
6 - Travel traveller 99 venison noun the meat of a deer
6B - The
conscientious relating to the art of cooking good food the gastronomic delights of
6 - Travel traveller 99 gastronomic adjective or the pleasure of eating it Thailand
6B - The
conscientious to be filled with a particular feeling or Her books are infused with
6 - Travel traveller 99 (be) infused with adjective quality humour and wisdom.
6B - The
conscientious a smooth red-brown nut that you can
6 - Travel traveller 99 chestnut noun eat roast chestnuts
6B - The
conscientious a type of wild mushroom, used in
6 - Travel traveller 99 porcini noun cooking
6B - The
conscientious a wild plant with rough leaves that sting
6 - Travel traveller 99 nettle noun you
6B - The
conscientious knock-down prices that have been reduced by a It sells designer goods at
6 - Travel traveller 99 prices noun pl large amount knock-down prices
6B - The preconceived ideas, opinions etc are
conscientious formed before you really have enough We started from scratch with
6 - Travel traveller
6B - The 100 preconceived adjective knowledge or experience no preconceived ideas.
conscientious very strange and unusual, and difficult A really weird thing happened
6 - Travel traveller
6B - The 100 weird adjective to understand or explain last night
The photographs evoked
conscientious to produce a strong feeling or memory strong memories of our
6 - Travel traveller 100 evoke verb in someone holidays in France.
6B - The preconceived ideas, opinions etc are
conscientious formed before you really have enough We started from scratch with
6 - Travel traveller 100 preconceived adjective knowledge or experience no preconceived ideas.
6B - The
6 - Travel conscientious 100 venture out phrasal verb
6B - The
conscientious a short period of time that you stay in a
6 - Travel traveller 100 sojourn noun place that is not your home a brief sojourn in Europe
6B - The a long period of dry weather when
conscientious there is not enough water for plants
6 - Travel traveller 102 drought noun and animals to live
6B - The
conscientious seeming certain to happen at some She seemed destined for a
6 - Travel traveller 102 destined for phrase time in the future successful career.

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Proficiency Expert

6B - The
conscientious someone whose job is to repair water
6 - Travel traveller 102 plumber noun pipes, baths, toilets etc
money paid to someone because they She received compensation
6B - The have suffered injury or loss, or from the government for the
conscientious because something they own has damage caused to her
6 - Travel traveller 102 compensation noun been damaged property.
the activity of travelling for pleasure,
6A - Sense of usually without very much money, and
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 61 backpacking noun carrying a backpack
Animal welfare did not
6A - Sense of causing a lot of argument and become a contentious issue
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 61 contentious adjective disagreement between people until the late 1970's.
6A - Sense of
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 61 mattress noun the soft part of a bed that you lie on an old, lumpy mattress
the basic systems and structures that a
country or organization needs in order Some countries lack a
6A - Sense of to work properly, for example roads, suitable economic
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 61 infrastructure noun railways, banks etc infrastructure.
6A - Sense of
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 61 rail noun the railway system the American rail system
Crop art falls into several different
categories, all of which employ land
6A - Sense of and/or what grows from it to create
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 61 crop art noun phrase images.
if insects, rats etc infest a place, there
6A - Sense of (be) infested are a lot of them and they usually The kitchen was infested with
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 61 with phrase cause damage cockroaches.
to cause pain, suffering, or trouble to
6A - Sense of someone, especially for a long period Financial problems continued
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 61 (be) plagued by phrase of time to plague the company.
6A - Sense of a feeling of great happiness and
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 61 elation noun excitement
6A - Sense of When I bend my arm, the
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 61 excruciating adjective extremely painful pain is excruciating.

a sudden feeling that you would like to


do or have something, especially when
6A - Sense of there is no important or good reason
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 62 whim noun I didn't leave just on a whim

6A - Sense of to stop using a ship, weapon, or


SRB 6 - Travel adventure 62 decommission verb nuclear reactor and to take it to pieces

6A - Sense of the traditional beliefs, values, customs the importance of preserving


SRB 6 - Travel adventure 62 heritage noun etc of a family, country, or society the national heritage
6A - Sense of not existing any more, or not useful the now-defunct nuclear
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 62 defunct adjective any more reactor
6A - Sense of if you find your niche, you find a job or Amanda soon found her
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 62 niche noun activity that is very suitable for you niche at the club.

6A - Sense of a fashion, game, type of music etc that She started a craze for this
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 62 craze noun becomes very popular for a short time type of jewellery.
work (one's)
6A - Sense of fingers to the
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 63 bone phrase to work very hard
a person who is responsible for a
6A - Sense of particular place and whose job is to
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 63 warden noun make sure its rules are obeyed the warden of the college
6A - Sense of a sudden strong movement of wind, A sudden gust of wind blew
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 64 gust noun air, rain etc the door shut.
6A - Sense of The wedding was rather a
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 sedate adjective calm, serious, and formal sedate occasion.
6A - Sense of present The gold rims of his
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 glinting participle giving out small flashes of light spectacles glinted in the sun.
someone who does things that are
6A - Sense of dangerous because they like the a roller coaster that will please
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 thrill-seeker noun feeling of excitement it gives them thrill-seekers

6A - Sense of adjectival if someone or something is tucked The envelope was tucked


SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 tucked away phrase away, they are hidden or difficult to find away in her jewel box.
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Proficiency Expert

6A - Sense of The boundlessness of the


SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 boundlessness noun having no limit or end Australian outback.
6A - Sense of within the confines of the
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 confines noun limits or borders prison
6A - Sense of She swore she would never
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 set foot in verb phrase to go to or enter a place set foot in his house again.
6A - Sense of a long pole with a wide flat blade at
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 oar noun one end, used for rowing a boat
6A - Sense of a long box in which a dead person is
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 coffin noun buried or burnt
the process of thinking deeply about
6A - Sense of your own thoughts, feelings, or
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 introspection noun behaviour
6A - Sense of a question of overriding
SRB 6 - Travel adventure 65 overriding adjective more important than anything else importance
6B - The the place where someone was born,
conscientious used especially when talking about Stratford-upon-Avon was
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 birthplace noun someone famous Shakespeare's birthplace.
6B - The an epic book, poem, or film tells a long
conscientious story about brave actions and exciting
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 epic adjective events epic poetry
6B - The
conscientious a journey to a holy place for religious the chance to go on
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 pilgrimage noun reasons pilgrimage to Mecca
someone, especially in the 1960s, who
6B - The opposed violence peacefully and often
conscientious wore unusual clothes, had long hair,
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 hippy noun and took drugs for pleasure
a man who people in the Christian,
6B - The Jewish, or Muslim religion believe has
conscientious been sent by God to lead them and
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 prophet noun teach them their religion the prophet Elijah
written abbreviation St or St. someone
who is given the title 'saint' by the
6B - The Christian church after they have died,
conscientious because they have been very good or
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 saint noun holy Saint Patrick
6B - The
conscientious present walking slowly and with difficulty Moreno limped off the field
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 limping participle because one leg is hurt or injured with a foot injury.
6B - The a swelling on your skin containing clear
conscientious liquid, caused for example by a burn or New shoes always give me
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 blister noun continuous rubbing blisters.
She suffered temporary loss
6B - The of vision after being struck on
conscientious the head.
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 vision noun ability to see
6B - The
conscientious the act of trying very hard to persuade
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 exhortation noun someone to do something
6B - The if a person, plan, or system comes a dangerous area of rock
conscientious idiomatic unstuck, they fail at what they were where many climbers come
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 come unstuck phrase trying to achieve unstuck
a small business, factory etc where
6B - The people work hard in bad conditions for
conscientious very little money - used to show
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 sweatshop noun disapproval
6B - The
conscientious His illness began to manifest
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 manifest (itself) verb to appear or to become easy to see itself at around this time.
6B - The
conscientious a long search for something that is
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 66 quest noun difficult to find his long quest for truth
6B - The
conscientious a religious person who travels a long
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 pilgrim noun way to a holy place pilgrims visiting a holy shrine
6B - The to look very carefully at something, He was peering through the
conscientious especially because you are having wet windscreen at the cars
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 peer verb difficulty seeing it ahead.
6B - The
conscientious sandal-clad
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 (foot) adjective wearing sandals
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Proficiency Expert

6B - The
conscientious maternal the maternal bond that forms between
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 instinct collocation a mother and her child
6B - The
conscientious frightening and dangerous in a way
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 hair-raising adjective that is exciting: a hair-raising car chase
6B - The to happen. if it transpires that
conscientious something is true, you discover that it It now transpires that he kept
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 transpire verb is true all the money for himself.
6B - The to put your name on a list for
conscientious something because you want to take I'm thinking of signing up for a
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 sign up phrasal verb part in it yoga course.
6B - The
conscientious a plan or list of the places you will visit
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 itinerary noun on a journey
6B - The
conscientious
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 power tool noun phrase a tool that works by electricity
6B - The
conscientious idiomatic used to encourage someone to try to If you really want the job, go
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 go for it phrase achieve something for it!
6B - The
conscientious to walk somewhere in a slow relaxed We were strolling along,
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 stroll verb way laughing and joking.
6B - The unwilling to believe that people have
conscientious good, honest, or sincere reasons for a cynical view of human
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 cynical adjective doing something nature
6B - The
conscientious not connected with or controlled by a
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 secular adjective church or other religious authority secular education
this means that the person speaking
will pay the whole amount, used
6B - The typically when something purchased is
conscientious shared between two or more people -
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 is on me phrase such as a resturant meal
6B - The
conscientious
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 67 red-rimmed adjective having a red edge or border red-rimmed glasses
having official approval to do
6B - The something, especially because of
conscientious having reached an acceptable an accredited language
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 68 accredited adjective standard school
a piece of equipment, usually kept on a
6B - The roof, that collects and uses the sun's
conscientious photo-voltaic energy to heat water or make
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 68 panel phrase electricity or solar panel
6B - The
conscientious what is likely to develop or happen in
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 68 things to come phrase the future
6B - The
conscientious to go under the surface of the water
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 69 submerge verb and be completely covered by it The submarine submerged.
6B - The You have to hand it to her.
conscientious hand it to She's really made a success
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 69 someone verb phrase used to say that you admire someone of that company.
6B - The
conscientious to raise, lift, or pull up something, The crew hurried to hoist the
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 69 hoist verb especially using ropes flag.
6B - The
conscientious take (it) for a idiomatic Let's go for a spin in the
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 69 spin phrase a short trip in a car for pleasure country.
6B - The
conscientious
SRB 6 - Travel traveller 70 (be) steeped in phrase to have a lot of a particular quality a town steeped in history
7 - The way we 7A - a product, practice, system, etc that is
live Communities 103 stress buster phrase designed to alleviate stress
relating to farming or gardening
methods of growing food without using
7 - The way we 7A - artificial chemicals, or produced or
live Communities 103 organic produce collocation grown by these method
7 - The way we 7A - a small area of land that people can
live Communities 103 allotment noun rent for growing vegetables
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Proficiency Expert

to make sure that you know all the It’s important to stay abreast
7 - The way we 7A - stay abreast of most recent facts or information about of the latest developments in
live Communities 104 (sth) verb phrase a particular subject or situation computers.
7 - The way we 7A - to start to control a situation more The government began to
live Communities 104 rein (sth/sb) in phrasal verb strictly rein in public spending.
It was an era of political
a process in which political change is fermentation, during which
7 - The way we 7A - (political) causing great trouble or excitement in Europe experienced two
live Communities 104 fermentation noun a country world wars.
an official public statement about The authorities issued a
7 - The way we 7A - something that is important, or when proclamation forbidding public
live Communities 104 proclamation noun someone makes such a statement meetings.
7 - The way we 7A - to move lightly or quickly and not stay Birds flitted about in the trees
live Communities 104 flit verb in one place for very long above them.
7 - The way we 7A -
live Communities 104 beverage noun a hot or cold drink alcoholic beverages
7 - The way we 7A - to move backwards and forwards in a The needle on the dial began
live Communities 104 oscillate verb regular way to oscillate.
The closure of the local
7 - The way we 7A - an angry protest by a lot of ordinary hospital has caused a huge
live Communities 104 (public) outcry noun people public outcry.
7 - The way we 7A - making you feel healthy and giving you an invigorating swim before
live Communities 104 invigorating adjective a lot of energy breakfast
information or a story that is passed
7 - The way we 7A - from one person to another and which I've heard all sorts of rumours
live Communities 105 rumour noun may or may not be true about him and his secretary.
someone who supports the activities
7 - The way we 7A - of an organization, for example by
live Communities 105 patron noun giving money a wealthy patron
7 - The way we 7A - an organization or institution, a top class training
live Communities 105 establishment noun especially a business, shop etc establishment

if a person or a thing is reflected in a


mirror, glass, or water, you can see an She could see her face
7 - The way we 7A - image of the person or thing on the reflected in the car's
live Communities 105 be reflected in verb phrase surface of the mirror, glass, or water windshield.
7 - The way we 7A - the way that the inside of a building is The decor is a mix of antique
live Communities 105 décor noun decorated and modern.
7 - The way we 7A - church walls adorned with
live Communities 105 adorn with verb to decorate something religious paintings
7 - The way we 7A - frame with a thin layer of gold or gold
live Communities 105 gilt-framed adjective paint
the belief that your actions should be
7 - The way we 7A - based on scientific thinking rather than philosophers who accept
live Communities 105 rationalism noun emotions or religious beliefs scientific rationalism
Women have often been
7 - The way we 7A - a ball shape, a particular area of excluded from positions of
live Communities 105 sphere noun activity, work, knowledge etc power in the public sphere.
a community in which people
7 - The way we 7A - the set of ideas and moral attitudes lived according to an ethos of
live Communities 105 ethos noun that are typical of a particular group sharing and caring
7 - The way we 7A - strike the right idiomatic to succeed in being right and suitable Bush is hoping to hit the right
live Communities 105 note phrase for a particular occasion note again with voters.
7 - The way we 7A - a natural ability, such as the ability to
live Communities 105 mental faculties noun pl see, hear, or think clearly the patient’s mental faculties
7 - The way we 7A - all the people who regularly use a The restaurant attracts a
live Communities 105 clientele noun shop, restaurant etc young clientele.

7 - The way we 7A - by means of, or as a result of She became a British resident


live Communities 105 by virtue of phrase something by virtue of her marriage.
important, interesting, excellent, or A notable feature of the
7 - The way we 7A - unusual enough to be noticed or church is its unusual bell
live Communities 105 notable adjective mentioned tower.
7 - The way we 7A - to completely stop something by The bill would have outlawed
live Communities 105 outlaw verb making it illegal several types of guns.
to reduce the effect of something such
7 - The way we 7A - as a speech or piece of writing, so that His advisers told him to tone
live Communities 105 tone down phrasal verb people will not be offended down his speech.
7 - The way we 7A - the story of an event that is used to a cautionary tale about how
live Communities 105 cautionary tale phrase warn people not to buy a computer

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Proficiency Expert

economic policies that


7 - The way we 7A - to gradually make someone or threaten to undermine the
live Communities 105 undermine verb something less strong or effective health care system
a place in a public building where there
is a computer system with an access
point, which allows people in the
building with a wireless computer or
7 - The way we 7A - bluetooth mobile phone to connect to a
live Communities 105 hotspot noun service such as the Internet
to help a skill, feeling, idea etc
develop over a period of time, or to
take someone else's child into your The couple wanted to adopt a
7 - The way we 7A - family for a period of time but without black child they had been
live Communities 105 foster verb becoming their legal parent fostering.
7 - The way we 7A - Jacob left after a quarrel with
live Communities 105 quarrel noun an angry argument or disagreement his wife.

7 - The way we 7A - to do something to show that you are Richard was anxious to atone
live Communities 105 atone for sth. verb sorry for having done something wrong for his thoughtlessness.
someone who says bad things about
someone or something, in order to Even the President's
7 - The way we 7A - make them seem less good than they detractors admit that the
live Communities 105 detractor noun really are decision was the right one.
7 - The way we 7A - to bite food several times before This meat's so tough I can
live Communities 105 chew verb swallowing it hardly chew it!
7 - The way we 7A - to fill something or someone with a Her books are infused with
live Communities 105 infuse verb particular feeling or quality humour and wisdom.
someone who often goes to the same
7 - The way we 7A - bar, restaurant etc or who takes part in The barman knows all the
live Communities 105 regular noun an activity very often regulars by name.
7 - The way we 7A - large, impressive, or expensive, very He was always lavish in his
live Communities 105 lavish adjective generous praise of my efforts.
7 - The way we 7A - people of different social
live Communities 105 social stratum noun phrase a social class in a society strata
an organization, meeting, TV
programme etc where people have a The journal aims to provide a
7 - The way we 7A - chance to publicly discuss an forum for discussion and
live Communities 105 forum noun important subject debate.
a name given to someone, especially
by their friends or family, that is not
their real name and is often connected
7 - The way we 7A - with what they look like or something We had nicknames for all the
live Communities 105 nickname verb they have done teachers.
a set of lines that forms one part of a
7 - The way we 7A - song, poem, or a book such as the Learn the first two verses of
live Communities 105 verse noun Bible or the Koran the poem by heart.
7 - The way we 7A -
live Communities 105 kinship noun a family relationship the ties of kinship
when two things happen at the same I'm going to Appleby
time, in the same place, or to the same tomorrow.' ' What a
7 - The way we 7A - people in a way that seems surprising coincidence!I'm going up
live Communities 105 coincidence noun or unusual there too.'
a relationship or similarity between two
things, especially things that exist or Entering the world of fine art,
7 - The way we 7A - happen in different places or at she found many parallels with
live Communities 105 parallel noun different times the world of fashion.
a connection or network of
7 - The way we 7A - connections between a number of
live Communities 105 nexus noun people, things, or ideas a nexus of social relationships

7 - The way we 7A - a very thin book with paper covers,


live Communities 105 pamphlet noun that gives information about something a political pamphlet
7 - The way we 7A - grievous bodily serious injury caused by a criminal
live Communities 106 harm phrase attack
7 - The way we 7A - to be a sign of something that is going A flash of lightning heralded
live Communities 107 herald verb to come or happen soon torrential rain.
7 - The way we 7A - important, something that is in a
live Communities 107 prominent adjective prominent place is easily seen a prominent Russian scientist

7 - The way we 7A - an area surrounded by a wall or fence,


live Communities 107 enclosure noun and used for a particular purpose the bear enclosure at the zoo
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Proficiency Expert

The winter heatwave in


California is a stark contrast
a great difference between people, to the below-freezing
7 - The way we 7A - (in) stark ideas, situations, things etc that are temperatures on the East
live Communities 107 contrast (with) collocation being compared Coast.
The president made a
7 - The way we 7A - statement to allay public
live Communities 108 allay fears verb phrase someone feel less afraid, worried etc anxiety.
the money that is available to an
7 - The way we 7A - organization or person, or a plan of a welfare program with a
live Communities 108 budget noun how it will be spent budget of $2 million

Shared space is an urban design


approach which seeks to minimise
demarcations between vehicle traffic
and pedestrians, often by removing
7 - The way we 7A - shared space features such as curbs, road surface
live Communities 108 approach phrase markings, traffic signs, and regulations.
not caring or worrying about the
7 - The way we 7A - possible bad or dangerous results of He was accused of causing
live Communities 108 recklessly adverb your actions death by driving recklessly.
a reduction in something, such as the
number of workers in a company or the The shortage of teachers was
7 - The way we 7A - amount of money a government or blamed on government
live Communities 109 cutback noun company spends cutbacks.
7 - The way we 7A - the actual profit after expenses have
live Communities 109 net profit noun phrase been paid
7 - The way we 7A - a piece of land used for farming, that is
live Communities 109 smallholding noun smaller than an ordinary farm
money or property, especially when it
7 - The way we 7A - investment is used to start a business or to The government is eager to
live Communities 109 capital noun produce more wealth attract foreign capital.
7 - The way we 7A - to produce a new idea, name etc by We had to think up a good
live Communities 110 think (sth) up phrasal verb thinking excuse, and quickly.

7 - The way we 7A - a group of male friends that a man


live Communities 110 lads noun works with or spends his free time with a night out with the lads
7 - The way we to suddenly dismiss someone from There are plans to axe 2600
live 7B - Lifestyles 111 axe verb their job staff.
7 - The way we something that you must do or must Warm clothes are a must in
live 7B - Lifestyles 111 a must noun have the mountains.
to delay the progress or development Environmental experts said
7 - The way we of something, or delay someone from the move would set back
live 7B - Lifestyles 111 set (sb) back phrasal verb finishing something further research.
something that you do only to achieve
7 - The way we a means to an a result, not because you want to do it For Geoff, the job was simply
live 7B - Lifestyles 111 end phrase or because it is important a means to an end.
7 - The way we to put new supplies into something, or More vaccines are needed to
live 7B - Lifestyles 113 replenish verb to fill something again replenish our stocks.
working independently for different
7 - The way we companies rather than being employed She works freelance from
live 7B - Lifestyles 114 freelance adjective by one particular company home.
to stick firmly to something, to continue
7 - The way we to behave according to a particular I have adhered strictly to the
live 7B - Lifestyles 114 adhere to verb rule, agreement, or belief rules.

digital nomads are individuals that use


digital technologies to work. Such
7 - The way we workers typically work remotely—from
live 7B - Lifestyles 114 digital nomad collocation home, coffee shops, public libraries
to change a street or shopping area so
7 - The way we that cars and trucks are no longer
live 7B - Lifestyles 114 pedestrianise verb allowed
if someone leads a nomadic life, they The son of an air force pilot,
7 - The way we travel from place to place and do not he had a somewhat nomadic
live 7B - Lifestyles 114 nomadic adjective live in any one place for very long childhood.
7 - The way we new ideas, against what most people a radically different method of
live 7B - Lifestyles 115 radically adverb think or believe production
between nine o'clock and five o'clock,
7 - The way we the normal working hours of an office
live 7B - Lifestyles 115 nine-to-five adjective worker a nine-to-five job
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Proficiency Expert

a hollow container that you pour a


liquid or soft substance into, so that Another method, used
7 - The way we when it becomes solid, it takes the especially for figures, was to
live 7B - Lifestyles 115 mould noun shape of the container pour the clay into a mould.
7 - The way we The publicity has enhanced
live 7B - Lifestyles 115 enhance verb to improve something his reputation.

7 - The way we to defend or support a law, system, or a committee that aims to


live 7B - Lifestyles 118 uphold verb principle so that it continues to exist uphold educational standards
when you repair something such as an
old building or a piece of furniture, so
7 - The way we that it looks the same as when it was a fund for the restoration of
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 restoration noun first built or made historic buildings
7 - The way we Write to your local councillor
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 councillor noun a member of a council to complain.
I wouldn't like to be in his
7 - The way we idiomatic in someone else's situation, especially shoes when his wife finds out
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 be in sb's shoes phrase a bad one what happened.
indigenous people or things have
always been in the place where they
7 - The way we are, rather than being brought there Blueberries are indigenous to
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 indigenous adjective from somewhere else America.
7 - The way we (university) a department or group of related
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 faculty noun departments within a university the Faculty of Law
7 - The way we a slip of the idiomatic Did I say $100? It must have
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 tongue phrase a small mistake in something you say been a slip of the tongue.
He was a tough politician who
7 - The way we speak (one's) idiomatic to tell people exactly what you think, wasn't afraid to speak his
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 mind phrase even if it offends them mind.
7 - The way we completely ending something or He demolished my argument
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 demolition noun destroying a building in minutes.
something someone does, especially
7 - The way we something that is very good or very After the morning's good
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 deed noun bad deeds he deserved a rest.
friendly conversation in which people
7 - The way we make a lot of jokes with, and amusing easy banter between her
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 banter noun remarks about, each other cousins
someone or something that is
7 - The way we nondescript looks very ordinary and is a rather nondescript
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 nondescript adjective not at all interesting or unusual suburban house
an influence that makes something
7 - The way we happen or makes it happen more The discovery gave fresh
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 impetus noun quickly impetus to the research.
7 - The way we completely clear and without any His answer was an
live 7B - Lifestyles 118 unequivocal adjective possibility of doubt unequivocal ‘No’.
the hard smooth yellowish-white
SRB 7 - The way 7A - substance from the tusks (=long teeth)
we live Communities 72 ivory noun of an elephant an ivory chess set
illegally catching or shoot animals,
SRB 7 - The way 7A - birds, or fish, especially on private land Deer have been poached
we live Communities 72 poaching noun without permission here for years.
Over a span of ten years, the
SRB 7 - The way 7A - a period of time between two dates or company has made great
we live Communities 72 span noun events progress.
SRB 7 - The way 7A - the tide is idiomatic reversal in the direction of events, a
we live Communities 72 turning phrase reversal in public opinion
always trying to control other people
SRB 7 - The way 7A - without considering their wishes or
we live Communities 72 overbearing adjective feelings a bossy, overbearing wife
SRB 7 - The way 7A - argue (one's) to state, giving clear reasons, that She argued the case for
we live Communities 72 case verb phrase something is true, should be done etc changing the law.
to say or show that what someone is
SRB 7 - The way 7A - saying is true, to provide support or Jane would back me up if she
we live Communities 72 back (sb) up phrasal verb help for someone or something were here.
expensive objects such as jewellery
SRB 7 - The way 7A - colloquial that are worn in a way that is very easy
we live Communities 72 bling noun to notice
SRB 7 - The way 7A - a painting that is painted on a wall,
we live Communities 72 mural noun either inside or outside a building
SRB 7 - The way 7A - a young plant or tree grown from a
we live Communities 73 seedling noun seed
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Proficiency Expert

SRB 7 - The way 7A - p.p. as without being asked for, expected, or


we live Communities 73 unbidden adverb invited
It seems quite absurd to
expect anyone to drive for 3
SRB 7 - The way 7A - hours just for a 20 minute
we live Communities 73 absurd adjective completely stupid or unreasonable meeting.
a mark written next to an answer,
SRB 7 - The way 7A - something on a list etc, to show that it Put a tick in the box if you
we live Communities 73 tick noun is correct or has been dealt with agree with this statement.
having such a great effect on you that Congress voted
SRB 7 - The way 7A - you feel confused and do not know overwhelmingly in favor of the
we live Communities 73 overwhelmingly adverb how to react bill.
to keep moving and touching She was at her desk in the
SRB 7 - The way 7A - something, especially because you are living room, fiddling with a
we live Communities 74 fiddle with (sth) verb bored or nervous deck of cards.
a person or vehicle that is stranded is Air travellers were left
SRB 7 - The way 7A - leave (sb) unable to move from the place where stranded because of icy
we live Communities 74 stranded collocation they are conditions.
a machine used to train pilots that
copies closely the movements and
SRB 7 - The way 7A - conditions that exist when flying an
we live Communities 74 flight simulator noun phrase aircraft
SRB 7 - The way 7A - attractive, especially because the Your sister looks very fetching
we live Communities 74 fetching adjective clothes you are wearing suit you in that dress.
used to tell someone to stop talking
SRB 7 - The way 7A - colloquial about something because they are
we live Communities 74 give it a rest phrase annoying you Give it a rest, Jack!

a group of houses and buildings where


SRB 7 - The way 7A - people live, especially in a place where The railway stations created
we live Communities 74 settlement noun few people have lived before new settlements.
SRB 7 - The way 7A - a large quantity of hay that is tightly
we live Communities 74 straw bale noun phrase tied together especially into a block a bale of straw
a technique for building walls using
SRB 7 - The way 7A - natural raw materials such as earth,
we live Communities 74 rammed earth noun phrase chalk, lime or gravel
helping someone yourself rather than
SRB 7 - The way 7A - hands-on just talking about it or telling other
we live Communities 76 assistance phrase people to do it
SRB 7 - The way 7A - to prepare a written document, such as Draw up a list of all the things
we live Communities 76 draw up phrasal verb a list or contract you want to do.
SRB 7 - The way 7A - That pile of rubbish is a
we live Communities 76 potential hazard noun phrase potential risk potential fire hazard

SRB 7 - The way 7A - a set of tools, equipment etc that you Sally keeps her make-up kit in
we live Communities 76 kit noun use for a particular purpose or activity her bag.

money that is paid by a government or


SRB 7 - The way 7A - organization to make prices lower, international disagreement
we live Communities 76 subsidy noun reduce the cost of producing goods etc over trade subsidies
SRB 7 - The way 7A - to not notice something, or not see It is easy to overlook a small
we live Communities 76 overlook verb how important it is detail like that.
something that you get legally from I only eat here because it's
SRB 7 - The way 7A - your work in addition to your wages, free - one of the perks of the
we live Communities 76 perk noun such as goods, meals, or a car job.
SRB 7 - The way 7A - remuneration the pay you give someone for
we live Communities 76 package noun phrase something they have done for you
SRB 7 - The way 7A - a statement that something is true, Gould rejected claims that he
we live Communities 76 claim noun even though it has not been proved had acted irresponsibly.
including all the necessary facts,
SRB 7 - The way 7A - comprehensiven details, or problems that need to be
we live Communities 76 ess noun dealt with
someone who lives in a house, room
SRB 7 - The way etc and pays rent to the person who The desk was left by the
we live 7B - Lifestyles 77 tenant noun owns it previous tenant.
when babies or young children, or sick
or old people are looked after during
SRB 7 - The way the day, especially while their family Local authorities may provide
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 daycare noun members are at work day care for under fives.

SRB 7 - The way a change to an opposite arrangement, a sudden reversal of


we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 reversal noun process, or way of doing something government policy
37
Proficiency Expert

SRB 7 - The way She cradled the child to her


we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 bosom noun the front part of a woman's chest bosom.
SRB 7 - The way looking after a child until they are fully
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 child-rearing noun grown
a place where young children are
SRB 7 - The way taken care of during the day while their
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 nursery noun parents are at work
SRB 7 - The way to have great confidence in how good
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 swear by verb or effective something is He swears by vitamin C pills.
SRB 7 - The way a player in football whose main job is
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 striker noun to score goals
SRB 7 - The way to keep complaining in an annoying Stop whineging about the
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 whinge verb way situation and accept it.
SRB 7 - The way to make someone suffer something The strikes inflicted serious
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 inflict verb unpleasant damage on the economy.
SRB 7 - The way blissfully unaware of the
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 blissfully adverb extremely happily or enjoyably impending danger
SRB 7 - The way pull (one's) idiomatic He accused me of not pulling
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 weight phrase to do your full share of work my weight.

a feeling of doubt or fear about what Despite her misgivings about


SRB 7 - The way might happen or about whether leaving the baby, she decided
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 misgivings noun something is right to accompany her husband.
something that you do to achieve We may conclude that he
SRB 7 - The way something or deal with a situation, or never had recourse to this
we live 7B - Lifestyles 78 recourse to phrase the act of doing it simple experiment.
SRB 7 - The way something that is tedious continues for The work was tiring and
we live 7B - Lifestyles 79 tedious adjective a long time and is not interesting tedious.
SRB 7 - The way go into sth idiomatic
we live 7B - Lifestyles 79 lightly phrase start doing something on a whim
SRB 7 - The way a meal that you buy at a shop or Let's have a takeaway
we live 7B - Lifestyles 80 takeaway noun restaurant to eat at home tonight.
a year between leaving school and
going to university, which some young
people use as an opportunity to travel, Some students choose to
SRB 7 - The way earn money, or get experience of work in high-tech industries
we live 7B - Lifestyles 80 gap year noun phrase working during their gap year.
SRB 7 - The way a road that goes around a town or
we live 7B - Lifestyles 80 bypass noun other busy area rather than through it
a list of problems or subjects that a
SRB 7 - The way government, organization etc is Measures to combat terrorism
we live 7B - Lifestyles 80 agenda noun planning to deal with will be high on the agenda.
when someone or something is
considered to be more important than Do we want a society where
someone or something else, and appearance takes
SRB 7 - The way therefore comes first or must be dealt precedence over skill or
we live 7B - Lifestyles 80 precedence noun with first virtue?
We must encourage
8 - Changing innovation if the company is
fashions Lead-in 119 innovation noun a new idea, method, or invention to remain competitive.
8 - Changing noun, not leaning to one side or the other but
fashions Lead-in 119 perpendicular adjective exactly vertical a perpendicular line
8 - Changing
fashions Lead-in 119 symmetry noun he quality of being symmetrical the symmetry of the design
8 - Changing 8A - A question to make something develop and grow efforts to regenerate the US
fashions of style 120 regenerate verb strong again economy
someone who lived or was in a Oswald was much admired by
8 - Changing 8A - A question particular place at the same time as his contemporaries at the
fashions of style 120 contemporaries noun plural someone else Academy.
to prevent someone or something from
8 - Changing 8A - A question continuing - used especially in news The government has failed to
fashions of style 120 halt verb reports halt economic decline.
8 - Changing 8A - A question no longer useful, because something
fashions of style 120 obsolete adjective newer and better has been invented obsolete weapons
a small change that makes someone If you make alterations to the
8 - Changing 8A - A question or something slightly different, or the Windows setup, save the new
fashions of style 120 alteration noun process of this change settings before closing.
a large strong building used for
8 - Changing 8A - A question defending an important place and The fortress was captured
fashions of style 120 fortress noun protecting people or things after a long siege.

38
Proficiency Expert

We want to get the views of


8 - Changing 8A - A question relating to the ordinary people in an members at a grass-roots
fashions of style 120 grass-roots adjective organization, rather than the leaders level.
8 - Changing 8A - A question a very big change that often causes
fashions of style 120 upheaval noun problems political upheaval
the quality of glass, plastic etc that The transparency of glass
8 - Changing 8A - A question makes it possible for you to see can be measured using a
fashions of style 120 transparency noun through it spectrometer.
8 - Changing 8A - A question to completely destroy the inside of a The building was completely
fashions of style 120 gut verb building, especially by fire gutted by fire.
8 - Changing 8A - A question disagreement, angry feelings, or Having my mother living with
fashions of style 120 friction noun unfriendliness between people us causes friction at home.
to take a machine or piece of
8 - Changing 8A - A question equipment apart so that it is in Chris dismantled the bike in
fashions of style 120 dismantle verb separate pieces five minutes.
The flip side of the treatment
8 - Changing 8A - A question the bad effects of something that also is that it can make patients
fashions of style 120 flip side noun has good effects feel very tired.
The buoyancy of domestic
the ability of prices, a business etc to demand, which grew by 4 per
8 - Changing 8A - A question quickly get back to a high level after a cent last year, is a good sign
fashions of style 120 buoyancy noun difficult period for the economy.
8 - Changing 8A - A question raised off the ground or higher up than The train runs on an elevated
fashions of style 120 elevated adjective other things track.
someone who lived or was in a Oswald was much admired by
8 - Changing 8A - A question particular place at the same time as his contemporaries at the
fashions of style 120 contemporary noun someone else Academy.
8 - Changing 8A - A question to be a very good example of an idea She embodies everything I
fashions of style 120 embody verb or quality admire in a teacher.
The team were feted in the
8 - Changing 8A - A question science community for their
fashions of style 121 fete verb to honour someone work.
There are rumors that the
president struck a private deal
8 - Changing 8A - A question to agree to do something for someone with the corporation’s
fashions of style 121 strike a deal verb phrase if they do something for you chairman.
8 - Changing 8A - A question feeling calm and confident about what
fashions of style 122 self-assurance noun you are doing
8 - Changing 8A - A question behaving in a way that is unusual and His eccentric behaviour lost
fashions of style 122 eccentric adjective different from most people him his job.
a shoestring business, operation etc is
8 - Changing 8A - A question one that does not spend or cost much
fashions of style 123 shoestring adjective money shoestring interior design
8 - Changing 8A - A question
fashions of style 123 renovator noun restorer
decoration and repair of something
8 - Changing 8A - A question such as a building or office in order to The complete refurbishment
fashions of style 123 refurbishment noun improve its appearance of Grand Hotel.
if goods are sourced from a particular Fish for the restaurant is
8 - Changing 8A - A question place, they are obtained from that sourced daily from British
fashions of style 123 source verb place ports.
The upside of the whole thing
8 - Changing 8A - A question the positive part of a situation that is is that we got a free trip to
fashions of style 123 upside noun generally bad Jamaica.
She played a pioneering role
8 - Changing 8A - A question introducing new and better methods or in opening higher education
fashions of style 123 pioneering adjective ideas for the first time to women.
a sign, remark, event etc that shows
8 - Changing 8A - A question what is happening, what someone is Dark green leaves are a good
fashions of style 124 indication noun thinking or feeling, or what is true indication of healthy roots.
The lake was recently
8 - Changing 8A - A question someone or something chosen for a designated a conservation
fashions of style 124 designated adjective particular job or purpose area.

8 - Changing 8A - A question The firm was accused of


fashions of style 125 dubious adjective probably not honest, true, right etc dubious accounting practices.
8 - Changing 8A - A question be loath/loth to Sarah was loath to tell her
fashions of style 126 do sth phrase to be unwilling to do something mother what had happened.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything talk sb into to persuade someone to do
fashions under the sun 127 doing sth phrasal verb something

39
Proficiency Expert

I'm reluctant to part with any


8 - Changing 8B - Everything to give something to someone else, of the kittens, but we need the
fashions under the sun 127 part with phrasal verb although you do not want to money.
to make someone believe something
that is not true by giving them Politicians have misled the
8 - Changing 8B - Everything information that is false or not public over the dangers of
fashions under the sun 127 mislead verb complete these chemicals.
She had been brought up in a
family where she felt
8 - Changing 8B - Everything not fully understood, recognized, or unappreciated and
fashions under the sun 127 unappreciated adjective valued undervalued.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything the ability to withstand wear, pressure, the reliability and durability of
fashions under the sun 127 durability noun or damage plastics
8 - Changing 8B - Everything to agree that you will do the thing that I don’t mind, I’ll just go with
fashions under the sun 127 go with the flow noun phrase most people want to do the flow.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything I'll try to root out my old bike
fashions under the sun 127 root (sth) out phrasal verb to find something by searching for it and you can have it.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything to store something secretly or safely He has money stashed away
fashions under the sun 127 stash (sth) away verb phrase somewhere in the Bahamas.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything get full credit to receive complete approval or praise Women did not get full credit
fashions under the sun 127 (for) noun phrase for something you have done for the sacrifices thay made.
an interesting, exciting, or unusual
8 - Changing 8B - Everything feature of something, that people will The huge windows certainly
fashions under the sun 127 wow factor noun notice and think is very impressive give the house a wow factor.

He believes that the economy


8 - Changing 8B - Everything to start to become successful after a has turned the corner and will
fashions under the sun 127 turn the corner noun phrase period of being unsuccessful grow next year.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything give free rein to to allow an emotion or feeling to be He gave free rein to his
fashions under the sun 127 (sb/sth) noun phrase expressed freely imagination.
There is not always a clear-
8 - Changing 8B - Everything cut distinction between right
fashions under the sun 127 clear-cut adjective easy to understand or be certain about and wrong.
Deaf children can often be
8 - Changing 8B - Everything accepted by or involving most people included in mainstream
fashions under the sun 127 mainstream adjective in a society education.

determination to keep trying to achieve It took perseverance to


8 - Changing 8B - Everything something in spite of difficulties – use overcome his reading
fashions under the sun 127 perseverance noun this to show approval problems.
things that you keep or collect because
8 - Changing 8B - Everything they are connected with a famous a collection of war
fashions under the sun 128 memorabilia noun pl person, event, or time memorabilia

the value of something to someone


8 - Changing 8B - Everything sentimental because of personal or emotional
fashions under the sun 128 value noun phrase associations rather than material worth
relating to a style of art, design, music Minimalist design is heavily
8 - Changing 8B - Everything etc that uses only a very few simple influenced by traditional
fashions under the sun 129 minimalist adjective ideas or patterns Japanese design.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything not having too many objects, details, or Τhe rooms were plain and
fashions under the sun 129 uncluttered adjective elements uncluttered.
to gradually get more and more It is unjust that a privileged
8 - Changing 8B - Everything money, possessions, knowledge etc few should continue to
fashions under the sun 129 accumulate verb over a period of time accumulate wealth.
to collect and save large amounts of
8 - Changing 8B - Everything food, money etc, especially when it is families who hoarded food
fashions under the sun 129 hoard verb not necessary to do so during the strike
ingrained attitudes or behaviour are The idea of doing our duty is
8 - Changing 8B - Everything firmly established and therefore difficult deeply ingrained in most
fashions under the sun 129 ingrained adjective to change people.
not supporting any of the people or I always tried to remain
8 - Changing 8B - Everything groups involved in an argument or neutral when they started
fashions under the sun 130 neutral adjective disagreement arguing.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything the crime of copying official The painting was a very
fashions under the sun 130 forgery noun documents, money etc clever forgery.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything contemplate to think about something that you Did you ever contemplate
fashions under the sun 130 (doing sth) verb might do in the future resigning?
to practise and improve your skills or
8 - Changing 8B - Everything brush up (a your knowledge of something that you I must brush up on my French
fashions under the sun 130 language) phrasal verb learned in the past before I go to Paris.
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Proficiency Expert

to go around from one place to Ryan is making the rounds of


8 - Changing 8B - Everything another, especially looking for work or talk shows to promote her
fashions under the sun 130 do the round of verb phrase advertising something new movie.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything to look for something in a particular I'm scouting round for a place
fashions under the sun 130 scout verb area to stay.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything to praise someone or something His work was acclaimed by art
fashions under the sun 130 acclaim noun publicly critics.
a philanthropic person or institution
8 - Changing 8B - Everything gives money and help to people who
fashions under the sun 130 philanthropic adjective are poor or in trouble a philanthropic foundation
when something becomes old-
fashioned and no longer useful, Obsolesence is more of a
8 - Changing 8B - Everything because something newer and better problem for the technology
fashions under the sun 131 obsolescence noun has been invented industry than any other.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything It's difficult to imagine a time
fashions under the sun 131 time span noun phrase a period of time span of a million years.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything when a new product, book etc is made the launch of a new women's
fashions under the sun 131 launch noun available or made known magazine
a shop that sells things for less than
the usual price, especially things from
8 - Changing 8B - Everything a particular company or things of a Benetton has retail outlets in
fashions under the sun 133 outlet noun particular type every major European city.

to move your eyes around and up,


8 - Changing 8B - Everything roll your eyes especially in order to show that you are Lucy rolled her eyes as Tom
fashions under the sun 133 (at) verb phrase annoyed or think something is silly sat down beside her.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything a thorny a problem that is complicated and
fashions under the sun 134 problem phrase difficult
A series of events for
teachers and students will
8 - Changing 8B - Everything if a process culminates in or with a culminate in a Shakespeare
fashions under the sun 134 culminate (in) verb particular event, it ends with that event festival next year.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything heated a discussion that is full of angry and
fashions under the sun 134 discussion phrase excited feelings
a discordant sound is unpleasant The modern decor strikes a
8 - Changing 8B - Everything because it is made up of musical notes discordant note in this old
fashions under the sun 134 discordant adjective that do not go together well building.
used to express the fact that not all
8 - Changing 8B - Everything in the eye of the people have the same opinions about Beauty remains in the eye of
fashions under the sun 134 beholder expression what is attractive the beholder.
After much deliberation, first
8 - Changing 8B - Everything careful consideration or discussion of prize was awarded to Derek
fashions under the sun 134 deliberation noun something Murray.
to spend a lot of money on something,
8 - Changing 8B - Everything not because you want to but because I had to fork out £600 on my
fashions under the sun 134 fork out (money) phrasal verb you have to car when I had it serviced.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything having a lot of small parts or details put pure silks embroidered with
fashions under the sun 134 elaborate adjective together in a complicated way elaborate patterns
8 - Changing 8B - Everything to have a lot of power or influence, and The Church wields immense
fashions under the sun 134 wield verb to use it power in Ireland.
With seven people squashed
8A - A question the state of being able to be alone, and in one house, you don't get
SRB8 of style 83 privacy noun not seen or heard by other people much privacy.
in such an attractive, desirable way
8A - A question that you cannot prevent yourself from
SRB8 of style 83 irresistibly adverb wanting something
8A - A question First impressions can often
SRB8 of style 83 illusory adjective false but seeming to be real or true prove illusory.
something that you say or do to
8A - A question suggest something to someone, There have been hints that he
SRB8 of style 83 hint noun without telling them directly may take up coaching.

when someone thinks or worries The management's


about something a lot, with the result preoccupation with costs and
8A - A question that they do not pay attention to other profits resulted in a drop in
SRB8 of style 83 preoccupation noun things quality and customer service.
8A - A question practical and direct in a sensible Fran's a friendly, down-to-
SRB8 of style 83 down-to-earth adjective honest way earth person.
a dishonest person who plays tricks
8A - A question confidence on someone in order to get their
SRB8 of style 84 trickster noun money
41
Proficiency Expert

8A - A question not true or real, although someone is


SRB8 of style 84 bogus adjective trying to make you think it is bogus insurance claims
8A - A question if something remains in situ, it remains mosaics and frescoes have
SRB8 of style 84 in situ expression in its usual place been left in situ
to trick someone in a clever way so
8A - A question hoodwink (sb that you can get an advantage for an attempt to hoodwink the
SRB8 of style 84 into doing sth) verb yourself public
without a small sign that shows that There was no trace of anyone
8A - A question prepositional someone or something was present or having entered the room
SRB8 of style 84 without trace phrase existed since then.
8A - A question
SRB8 of style 85 up-and-coming adjective likely to become successful or popular up-and-coming young artists
She has acquired an email
8A - A question to obtain something by buying it or address and a site on the
SRB8 of style 85 acquire verb being given it WorldWide Web.
8A - A question The crooks got away across
SRB8 of style 85 crook noun a dishonest person or a criminal the park.
Once we make the
adjustments for inflation, the
8A - A question a small change made to a machine, fall in interest rates is quite
SRB8 of style 86 adjustment noun system, or calculation small.
the art of making pots, bowls, tiles etc,
8A - A question by shaping pieces of clay and baking
SRB8 of style 87 ceramics noun plural them until they are hard an exhibition of ceramics
8A - A question the art of making objects out of baked
SRB8 of style 87 art pottery noun phrase clay Native American art pottery
8A - A question to refuse to accept unfair treatment He'll respect you more if you
SRB8 of style 87 stand up to phrasal verb from a person or organization stand up to him.
8A - A question connected with beauty and the study of
SRB8 of style 87 aesthetically adverb beauty aesthetically pleasing
a long narrow passage on a train or We had to wait outside in the
8A - A question between rooms in a building, with corridor until our names were
SRB8 of style 87 corridor noun doors leading off it called.
8A - A question a giveaway at such a low price that it almost given
SRB8 of style 87 price phrase free
an important statement or opinion
8A - A question judging the worth, value, or condition a critical appraisal of the
SRB8 of style 87 critical appraisal noun phrase of something existing facilities
very detailed work that has been done
8A - A question using a lot of skill, so that the result is The carving is a superb piece
SRB8 of style 87 craftsmanship noun beautiful of craftsmanship.
8B - Everything defining an event that determines all Both of those events were
SRB8 under the sun 88 moment phrase subsequent related events defining moments in my life.
8B - Everything having a very strong desire to have
SRB8 under the sun 88 covetable adjective something that someone else has
8B - Everything having an unusual habit or way of
SRB8 under the sun 88 idiosyncratic adjective behaving that someone has
when someone sends someone or The doctor will give you a
8B - Everything something to another person to be referral to a specialist in your
SRB8 under the sun 88 referral noun helped or dealt with area.
to make money available to someone
8B - Everything in order to invest or to buy something the use of public funds to
SRB8 under the sun 88 leverage verb such as a company leverage private investment

relating to products or services that are


8B - Everything more expensive and of better quality high-end computer memory
SRB8 under the sun 88 high-end adjective than other products of the same type chips
8B - Everything somebody's In the end, drink was his
SRB8 under the sun 88 undoing phrase to cause someone's shame, failure etc undoing.
8B - Everything
SRB8 under the sun 88 iteration noun saying or doing something again

As an added incentive,
8B - Everything something that encourages you to there's a bottle of champagne
SRB8 under the sun 88 incentive noun work harder, start a new activity etc for the best team.
to make someone a member of a The committee may co-opt
8B - Everything group, committee etc, by the additional members for
SRB8 under the sun 88 co-opt verb agreement of all the members special purposes.
to use advantages that you already
have, such as your skills, experience, He owned five movie
8B - Everything or money, and increase their value by theaters, which he eventually
SRB8 under the sun 88 parlay verb using all your opportunities well parlayed into hotels.
42
Proficiency Expert

8B - Everything to change government bonds and


SRB8 under the sun 88 monetise verb debts into money
to calculate the value of something an attempt to quantify the
8B - Everything and express it as a number or an region's social and economic
SRB8 under the sun 89 quantify verb amount decline

The received wisdom is that


marriage makes a
knowledge or information that people relationship more secure, but
8B - Everything received generally believe is true, although in as the divorce rates show,
SRB8 under the sun 89 wisdom phrase fact it is often false this is not necessarily true.

if a famous person endorses a product


8B - Everything or service, they say in an
SRB8 under the sun 89 endorsement noun advertisement that they use and like it celebrity endorsements
The opera will be broadcast
8B - Everything simultaneously on television
SRB8 under the sun 89 simultaneously adverb happening at exactly the same time and radio.
avant-garde music, literature etc is
8B - Everything extremely modern and often seems
SRB8 under the sun 90 avant-garde adjective strange or slightly shocking an avant-garde play
a well-known phrase that says
8B - Everything something wise about human the old adage that a picture is
SRB8 under the sun 90 adage noun experience worth a thousand words

actions, reactions, decisions etc that


8B - Everything are justifiable are acceptable because
SRB8 under the sun 91 justifiable adjective they are done for good reasons justifiable anger
8B - Everything grave problems, situations, or worries Matthew's life is in grave
SRB8 under the sun 91 grave adjective are very great or bad danger.
8B - Everything cobbler (old- someone who makes and repairs
SRB8 under the sun 91 fashioned) noun shoes
8B - Everything a light shoe that is made of cloth and
SRB8 under the sun 91 espadrille noun plural rope
to think about an idea or possibility, I've been toying with the idea
8B - Everything usually for a short time and not very of going to Japan to visit
SRB8 under the sun 91 toy with phrasal verb seriously them.
She was one of the first
8B - Everything stand for women to stand for election to
SRB8 under the sun 92 election verb phrase to be elected parliament.
It is obligatory for companies
8B - Everything something that is obligatory must be to provide details of their
SRB8 under the sun 92 obligatory adjective done because of a law, rule etc industrial processes.
to decide that something is the best
8B - Everything thing to do, especially when other The government saw fit to
SRB8 under the sun 93 see fit verb phrase people do not agree with you ignore our advice.
the state of being unclear, confusing, There was an element of
8B - Everything or not certain, or things that produce ambiguity in the president's
SRB8 under the sun 93 ambiguity noun this effect reply.
The committee came down in
8B - Everything come down on to decide to support someone or favour of making the
SRB8 under the sun 93 (the side of) phrasal verb something information public.
8B - Everything the act of producing a strong feeling or The poem is an evocation of
SRB8 under the sun 93 evocation noun memory in someone lost love.
8B - Everything great respect and admiration for
SRB8 under the sun 93 reverence noun someone or something reverence for tradition
to describe something or someone in
8B - Everything writing or speech, or to show them in a a book depicting life in pre-
SRB8 under the sun 93 depict verb painting, picture etc revolutionary Russia
a complex and rule-bound
system, difficult to
8B - Everything understand, and hard to
SRB8 under the sun 93 rule-bound adjective limited or restricted by rules administer
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can With surprising agility, Karl
nutrition you go? 135 agility noun the ability to move quickly and easily darted across the road.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can unusually tall and thin, and not able to
nutrition you go? 136 gangly adjective move gracefully an awkward, gangly teenager

9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can an epic event continues for a long time his epic journey to South
nutrition you go? 136 epic adjective and involves brave or exciting actions America
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can to walk or move unsteadily, almost He managed to stagger
nutrition you go? 136 stagger verb falling over home.
43
Proficiency Expert

a situation in which it seems


impossible to settle an argument or The discussions with the
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can disagreement, and neither side can get miners’ union ended in
nutrition you go? 136 stalemate noun an advantage stalemate.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can strange, unexpected, or unsuitable in a The new theatre looks utterly
nutrition you go? 136 incongruous adjective particular situation incongruous in its setting.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can baggy clothes are big and do not fit She was wearing jeans and a
nutrition you go? 136 baggy adjective tightly on your body baggy T-shirt.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can moving slowly and involving very little He greeted Charles with a
nutrition you go? 136 languid adjective energy languid wave of his hand.

strongly supporting a particular political


9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can party, plan, or leader, usually without British newspapers are highly
nutrition you go? 136 partisan adjective considering the other choices carefully partisan.
to push or knock against someone in a
crowd, especially so that you can get Followers of the president
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can somewhere or do something before jostled for position in front of
nutrition you go? 136 jostle verb other people the TV cameras.
to keep moving your hands or feet,
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can especially because you are bored or
nutrition you go? 136 fidget verb nervous Stop fidgeting with your pens!
in a way that makes you feel less
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can angry or disapproving towards He was disarmingly honest
nutrition you go? 137 disarmingly adverb someone about his past mistakes.
an abiding feeling or belief continues
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can for a long time and is not likely to Phil has a deep and abiding
nutrition you go? 137 abiding adjective change love for his family.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can if liquid trickles somewhere, it flows The tears trickled down her
nutrition you go? 137 trickle verb slowly in drops or in a thin stream cheeks.
to produce a sleep-like state in We were completely
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can someone so that you can influence hypnotized by her
nutrition you go? 137 hypnotise verb their thoughts and actions performance of the Haydn.
being the second of two people or
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can things, or the last in a list just In the latter case, buyers pay
nutrition you go? 137 latter adjective mentioned a 15% commission.

a chemical produced by your body There's nothing like a good


9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can when you are afraid, angry, or excited, horror film to get the adrenalin
nutrition you go? 137 adrenalin noun which makes your heart beat faster going.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can changeover (in a a change from one activity, system, or a changeover from military to
nutrition you go? 137 tennis match) noun way of working to another civilian government
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can to put someone's or something's name The tanker is registered in
nutrition you go? 137 register verb on an official list Rotterdam.
The treatment of diabetes
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can reach a a very important event in the reached a significant
nutrition you go? 137 milestone noun phrase development of something milestone in the 1970s.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can if a situation is on a knife edge, the The future of the company is
nutrition you go? 137 on a knife edge noun phrase result is extremely uncertain on a knife edge.

the period of time after something such


9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can adverbial as a war, storm, or accident when the danger of disease in the
nutrition you go? 137 in the aftermath phrase people are still dealing with the results aftermath of the earthquake
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can weep to cry so sadly that it is impossible for The boy cried inconsolably
nutrition you go? 137 inconsolably collocation anyone to comfort you after the death of his dog.
a room in a sports building, school etc
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can where people change their clothes and
nutrition you go? 137 locker room noun phrase leave them in lockers
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can not considering yourself or your ideas
nutrition you go? 137 humble adjective to be as important as other people's a modest and humble man
The pub is said to be haunted
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can if the soul of a dead person haunts a by the ghost of a former
nutrition you go? 137 haunt verb place, it appears there often landlord.
a group of sports teams or players
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can who play games against each other to He makes his football league
nutrition you go? 138 league noun see who is best debut tomorrow.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can an inflatable object has to be filled with
nutrition you go? 138 inflatable adjective air before you can use it an inflatable mattress
Winnie is a woman of quiet
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can courage shown when you are in great fortitude who has endured a
nutrition you go? 138 fortitude noun pain or experiencing a lot of trouble lot of suffering.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can skill at inventing things and thinking of John showed great ingenuity
nutrition you go? 138 ingenuity noun new ideas in overcoming the problem.
44
Proficiency Expert

The aircraft's safety record is


9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can (be) a testament proving or showing very clearly that a testament to its designers'
nutrition you go? 138 to noun phrase something exists or is true skill.

9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can feeling extremely happy, excited, and Dan felt strangely exhilarated
nutrition you go? 140 exhilarated adjective full of energy by the day's events.
extremely frightened, especially so
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can frightened that you cannot move or
nutrition you go? 140 petrified adjective think I'm petrified of spiders.
if someone is overwhelmed by an
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can emotion, they feel it so strongly that Harriet was overwhelmed by
nutrition you go? 140 overwhelmed adjective they cannot think clearly a feeling of homesickness.

9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can a leather seat that you sit on when you We did six or eight hours in
nutrition you go? 141 saddle noun rid e a horse, a bicycle or a motorcycle the saddle every day.
the person who makes sure that the
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can players obey the rules in sports such
nutrition you go? 141 umpire noun as tennis, baseball, and cricket
The company still hopes to
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can without anything to make you feel find a buyer, but the future
nutrition you go? 141 bleak adjective happy or hopeful looks bleak.
not having much experience of how
complicated life is, so that you trust
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can people too much and believe that good
nutrition you go? 141 naive adjective things will always happen a naive young girl
showing no emotion when you are
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can talking about something exciting, Joan seemed very matter-of-
nutrition you go? 141 matter-of-fact adjective frightening, upsetting etc fact about the divorce.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can idiomatic to use all your determination to ust grit your teeth and hang
nutrition you go? 141 grit (one's) teeth phrase continue in spite of difficulties on - it'll be over soon.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can a very young child who is just learning
nutrition you go? 142 toddler noun to walk
someone who is not accepted by the Smokers often feel as though
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can people they live among, or who has they are being treated as
nutrition you go? 142 outcast noun been forced out of their home social outcasts.
The president made a
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question to make someone feel less afraid, statement to allay public
nutrition of balance 143 allay verb worried etc anxiety.
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question a label on food packaging, explaining
nutrition of balance 143 food-labelling noun ingredients etc
Ask Margaret. She's pretty
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question be clued up clued-up about that sort of
nutrition of balance 143 (about) phrase knowing a lot about something thing.
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question a substance that is added to food to
nutrition of balance 144 additive noun improve its taste, appearance etc permitted food additives
a substance that is in foods such as
sugar, bread, potatoes, which provides
your body with heat and energy and foods such as rice, bread,
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question which consists of oxygen, hydrogen, and potatoes that contain
nutrition of balance 144 carbohydrate noun and carbon, carbohydrates
someone who does not eat any animal
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question products at all, such as meat, fish,
nutrition of balance 144 vegan noun eggs, cheese, or milk a strict vegan diet
the parts of plants that you eat but
cannot digest. Fibre helps to keep you
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question healthy by moving food quickly through Fruit and vegetables are high
nutrition of balance 144 fibre noun your body in fibre content.
a type of fat that is produced by
hydrogenation (= when vegetable oil is
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question made into solid fat) and is used in
nutrition of balance 144 trans fats noun phrase margarine, fried foods, etc
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question fat in foods that has had hydrogen Hydrogenated fats are bad for
nutrition of balance 144 hydrogenated adjective added to it your health
if you start something from scratch,
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question adverbial you begin it without using anything that We had to start again from
nutrition of balance 145 from scratch phrase existed or was prepared before scratch.
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question moving or reacting more slowly than Alex woke late feeling tired
nutrition of balance 145 sluggish adjective normal and sluggish.
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question a unit for measuring the amount of A potato has about 90
nutrition of balance 146 calories noun energy that food will produce calories.
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question seeds such as beans, peas, and lentils
nutrition of balance 146 pulses noun pl that you can eat red lentil pulses
45
Proficiency Expert

9 - Fitness and 9B - A question The shop specializes in luxury


nutrition of balance 146 confectionery noun sweets, chocolates etc confectionary.
to get very tired by doing things until
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question burn the candle very late at night and getting up early
nutrition of balance 146 at both ends saying in the mornings
an unforgiving place is very difficult to
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question live in, for example because it is
nutrition of balance 147 unforgiving adjective extremely hot or cold
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question Her photo was prominently
nutrition of balance 147 prominently adverb easily seen, importantly displayed on his desk.
someone who is choosy will only
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question accept things that they like a lot or they She's very choosy about
nutrition of balance 147 (be) choosey adjective consider to be very good clothes.
genetically modified foods or plants
have had their genetic structure
changed so that they are not affected
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question genetically adjective by particular diseases or harmful a genetically modifed crop
nutrition of balance 148 modified phrase insects that is resistant to the disease
The swimmers follow a
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question rigorous schedule of training
nutrition of balance 150 rigorous adjective severe, strict, and thorough twice a day.
a band of strong material in your body,
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question similar to muscle, that joins bones or He tore a ligament in his left
nutrition of balance 150 ligament noun holds an organ in its place knee.
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question
nutrition of balance 150 optimal adjective the best or most suitable
to be organized in a way that is The typical career pattern was
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question (be) geared adjectival suitable for a particular purpose or geared to men whose wives
nutrition of balance 150 towards phrase situation didn't work.
We are hoping for full
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can the ordinary people in an organization, participation at grass roots
&nutrition you go? 95 grassroots noun rather than the leaders level
He became a citizen in 1978,
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can with the result that something else thereby gaining the right to
&nutrition you go? 95 thereby adverb happens vote.
something that has been cut in half so
that you can look at the inside, or a
drawing of this, a group of people or
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can things that is typical of a much larger a wide cross-section of the
&nutrition you go? 95 cross-section noun group taxpaying population

SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can a feeling of excitement or anxiety when They kept us in suspense for
&nutrition you go? 96 suspense noun you do not know what will happen next over two hours.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can the sport of shooting arrows from a
&nutrition you go? 96 archery noun bow
I feel as though I'm walking a
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can a rope or wire high above the ground tightrope between success
&nutrition you go? 96 tightrope noun that someone walks along in a circus and failure.
a man who is employed to take the
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can place of an actor when something
&nutrition you go? 96 stuntman noun dangerous has to be done in a film
liquid which is forced out of a special
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can container in a stream of very small
&nutrition you go? 96 spray noun drops a new hair styling spray
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can to make it difficult for something to His career has been hindered
&nutrition you go? 96 hinder verb develop or succeed by injury.
the distance it is possible to see, Visibility on the roads is down
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can especially when this is affected by to 20 metres due to heavy
&nutrition you go? 96 visibility noun weather conditions fog.
upset or frightened so that they lose
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can their confidence or their ability to think He was unnerved by the way
&nutrition you go? 96 unnerved adjective clearly Sylvia kept staring at him.
a plastic or rubber tube containing
wires that carry telephone messages,
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can electronic signals, television pictures cables and switches for
&nutrition you go? 96 cable noun etc computers
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can flowing, falling, or hanging down in
&nutrition you go? 96 cascading adjective large quantities cascading water
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can Suddenly, she felt totally
&nutrition you go? 96 drained adjective very tired and without any energy drained.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can
&nutrition you go? 97 fluffy adjective very light and soft to touch a fluffy little kitten
46
Proficiency Expert

SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can something you say that is intended to I wasn't sure whether to treat
&nutrition you go? 97 jest noun be funny, not serious her words as a jest.
to improve the way that something is
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can done or used so that it is as effective They need to optimize the use
&nutrition you go? 98 optimise verb as possible of available resources.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can the act of something bursting or the
&nutrition you go? 98 burst noun place where it has burst a burst in the water pipe

a small vehicle with two long thin metal


SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can blades instead of wheels, that is used Sixteen teams took part in the
&nutrition you go? 98 bobsleigh noun for racing down a special ice track 400m bobsleigh.

if someone gets under your skin, they What really gets under my
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can get under the idiomatic annoy you, especially by the way they skin is people who push
&nutrition you go? 98 skin of phrase behave straight to the front of the line.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can idiomatic to be very effective in solving a
&nutrition you go? 98 do wonders for phrase problem
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can butterflies' (in idiomatic to feel very nervous before doing I always get butterflies before
&nutrition you go? 98 the stomach) phrase something an exam.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can to close or fasten something firmly by
&nutrition you go? 98 tighten verb turning it Tighten the screws firmly.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can pent-up feelings have not been years of pent-up anger and
&nutrition you go? 98 pent-up emotion phrase expressed or used for a long time frustration
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can moving or pointing towards a lower
&nutrition you go? 98 downward cycle phrase position in a cycle
SRB 9 - Fitness 9A - How far can a word that initiates a process or
&nutrition you go? 98 trigger word phrase course of action
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question to make food or drink go down your He swallowed the last of his
&nutrition of balance 99 swallow verb throat and towards your stomach coffee and asked for the bill.
to cook food over or under direct heat
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question so that its surface burns slightly and
&nutrition of balance 99 chargrill verb becomes dark chargrilled chops
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question forming the greatest or most important
&nutrition of balance 99 staple adjective part of something Oil is Nigeria's staple export.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question
&nutrition of balance 99 anaemic adjective suffering from anaemia his anaemic-looking face
one of the small parts of the surface of
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question your tongue with which you can taste
&nutrition of balance 99 taste buds phrase things
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question pleasantly strong or sharp smell or
&nutrition of balance 99 tangy adjective taste tangy orange cake
a thick drink made of fruit and fruit
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question juices mixed together, sometimes with a strawberry-banana
&nutrition of balance 99 smoothie noun ice, milk, or yoghurt smoothie
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question to change your attitude and become At last her father relented and
&nutrition of balance 99 relent verb less strict or cruel towards someone came to visit her.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question continuing or existing all through your She became a lifelong friend
&nutrition of balance 100 lifelong adjective life of ours.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question to gradually come to an end or to stop
&nutrition of balance 100 lapse verb for a period of time The conversation lapsed.
someone who supports a successful
team for the sake of it, and that the
level of their loyalty is determined by
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question whether or not the club can sustain the
&nutrition of balance 100 glory hunter noun phrase success
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question a noisy violent behaviour which causes
&nutrition of balance 100 hooliganism noun trouble by fighting etc
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question the act of giving bribes (money or We tried everything -
&nutrition of balance 100 bribery noun presents) persuasion, bribery, threats.
someone who risks money or
possessions on the result of something
such as a card game or a race, when
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question you do not know for certain what the Stevens was a compulsive
&nutrition of balance 100 gambler noun result will be gambler.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question if a feeling, idea, or smell pervades a A spirit of hopelessness
&nutrition of balance 100 pervade verb place, it is present in every part of it pervaded the country.

SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question someone who is immune to a Once we've had the disease,
&nutrition of balance 100 immune adjective particular disease cannot catch it we're immune for life.
dishonest activity to make sure that
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question one team wins a particular sports
&nutrition of balance 100 match-fixing noun match
47
Proficiency Expert

SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question


&nutrition of balance 100 wrongdoing noun illegal or immoral behaviour
a combination of things or people that the mismatch between the
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question do not work well together or are not demand for health care and
&nutrition of balance 100 mismatch noun suitable for each other the supply
disappointed because you have lost As she grew older, Laura
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question your belief that someone is good, or became increasingly
&nutrition of balance 100 disillusioned adjective that an idea is right disillusioned with politics.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question a secret that someone tells people, or the disclosure of private
&nutrition of balance 100 disclosure noun the act of telling this secret medical information
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question You owe allegiance to your
&nutrition of balance 100 allegiance noun loyalty to a leader, country, belief etc king.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question a board on which the points won in a
&nutrition of balance 101 scoreboard noun game are recorded

a ceremony that is always performed


SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question in the same way, in order to mark an
&nutrition of balance 101 ritual noun important religious or social occasion ancient pagan rituals
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question to repeat exactly what someone else She quoted from a
&nutrition of balance 101 quote verb has said or written newspaper article.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question an idea or story that many people
&nutrition of balance 101 myth noun believe, but which is not true the myth of male superiority
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question a company that gives advice on a
&nutrition of balance 101 consultancy noun particular subject a management consultancy
a ticket that allows you to make a lot of
journeys during a particular period of
time, or go to all the games, concerts
etc being held during a particular time.
Season tickets cost less than it would
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question cost to buy a ticket for each journey,
&nutrition of balance 101 season ticket collocation game etc an annual season ticket
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question Many birds return to the same
&nutrition of balance 101 year in, year out phrase every year for many years spot year after year.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question reasonable and likely to be true or His story certainly sounds
&nutrition of balance 101 plausible adjective successful plausible.
a large object such as a silver cup or
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question plate that someone receives as a prize walls lined with banners and
&nutrition of balance 101 trophy noun for winning a competition athletic trophies
to stop someone from doing The company's financial
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question something, by making them realize it difficulties have deterred
&nutrition of balance 101 deter sb from verb will be difficult or have bad results potential investors.
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question made to look like a real material or
&nutrition of balance 101 fake adjective object in order to deceive people a fake ID card
one of the groups of teams that a
sports competition is divided into, often
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question (football) based on the number of games they
&nutrition of balance 101 division noun have won a second-division club
How long will she be ill?' he
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question making you feel that something bad is asked. There was an ominous
&nutrition of balance 101 ominous adjective going to happen silence.
an organization of professional football
teams in England and Wales. It
consists of three 'Leagues': the
Championship and Leagues One and
Two, but does not include the FA
Premiership, which is the highest
league. Professional football in
Scotland is controlled by a similar
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question organization called the Scottish
&nutrition of balance 101 (football) league noun Football League.

SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question spending a lot of time sitting down, and health problems caused by
&nutrition of balance 102 sedentary adjective not moving or exercising very much our sedentary lifestyles
not cooked, raw substances are in a
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question natural state and not treated or
&nutrition of balance 102 raw adjective prepared for use Cabbage can be eaten raw.
feeling worried and lacking confidence
SRB 9 - Fitness 9B - A question because of the situation you are in or I was shy, and felt intimidated
&nutrition of balance 102 intimidated adjective the people you are with by the older students.
10A - to be paying attention to what is These men are dangerous so
10 - Broadening Professional be on your happening in order to avoid danger, you'll need to be on your
your horizons concerns 152 guard verb phrase being tricked etc guard.
48
Proficiency Expert

to use something or depend on


10A - someone's help when dealing with a
10 - Broadening Professional difficult situation, especially after other She has no relatives to fall
your horizons concerns 152 fall back on phrasal verb methods have failed back on.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional a way of dealing with a problem or The problems in our schools
your horizons concerns 152 remedy verb making a bad situation better do not have a simple remedy.
10A - the use of money to get a profit or to
10 - Broadening Professional make a business activity successful, or We plan to buy some
your horizons concerns 152 investment noun the money that is used property as an investment.
10A - to react to something with too much
10 - Broadening Professional emotion, or by doing something that is You always overreact to
your horizons concerns 152 overreact verb unnecessary criticism.
10A - opinions that are
10 - Broadening Professional unrepresentativ not typical of a particular group of unrepresentative of the
your horizons concerns 152 e adjective things or people population
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional There is more than one way
your horizons concerns 152 tackle verb to try to deal with a difficult problemto tackle the problem.
The financial recession has
10A - finding new people to work in a forced a lot of companies to
10 - Broadening Professional company, joining an organization, do a cut down on new
your horizons concerns 152 recruitment noun job etc recruitments.
10A - Unemployment can cause
10 - Broadening Professional a feeling that you are not as good, feelings of inadequacy and
your horizons concerns 152 inadequacy noun clever, skilled etc as other people low self-esteem.
10A - One poor performance does
10 - Broadening Professional detract from not detract from the team's
your horizons concerns 152 (sth) phrasal verb to make something seem less good achievements.
the quality of trusting people too much
10A - and believing that good things will
10 - Broadening Professional always happen, because you do not Talking to the press showed
your horizons concerns 152 naivety noun have much experience of life great political naivety.
10A - nothing His motto when it comes to
10 - Broadening Professional ventured, used to say that you cannot achieve business is: nothing ventured,
your horizons concerns 152 nothing gained phrase anything unless you take risks nothing gained.
10A - to persuade someone to leave their After 2 years at Lloyds, he
10 - Broadening Professional present job by offering them another was headhunted by a rival
your horizons concerns 152 headhunt verb job with higher position or more pay bank.
10A - clever, careful, and not easily
10 - Broadening Professional deceived, especially in business or
your horizons concerns 152 canny adjective politics a canny political advisor
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional an untenable situation has become so The scandal put the President
your horizons concerns 152 untenable adjective difficult that it is impossible to continue in an untenable position.
10A - calm sensible controlled behaviour, The police were praised for
10 - Broadening Professional especially in a situation when it is their restraint in handling the
your horizons concerns 152 restraint noun difficult to stay calm demonstrators.
10A - to find new people to work in a We’re having difficulty
10 - Broadening Professional company, join an organization, do a recruiting enough qualified
your horizons concerns 152 recruit verb job etc staff.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional the burgeoning market for
your horizons concerns 152 burgeon verb to grow or develop quickly digital cameras
10A - a large amount of work that you need
10 - Broadening Professional to complete, especially work that
your horizons concerns 152 backlog noun should already have been completed a backlog of requests
10A - More and more firms are
10 - Broadening Professional to have a lot of problems and be likely floundering because of the
your horizons concerns 152 flounder verb to fail completely recession.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional They woke up early and were
your horizons concerns 153 raring to go phrase very eager to start an activity raring to go.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional the act of sharing things among a large
your horizons concerns 153 distribution noun group of people in a planned way the distribution of aid supplies
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional to make something succeed, Nikki was determined to make
your horizons concerns 153 make a go of sth verb phrase especially a business or marriage a go of the business.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional sink all your They sank their entire savings
your horizons concerns 153 savings into sth verb phrase to spend a lot of money on something into their house.
49
Proficiency Expert

10A - to owe a bank a large amount of


10 - Broadening Professional run up an money after having spent more money
your horizons concerns 153 overdraft verb phrase than you had in your account
10A - We're still trying to find
10 - Broadening Professional someone who supports a plan, backers for the housing
your horizons concerns 153 backer noun especially by providing money development scheme.
10A - to not include someone or something, Please don't omit any details,
10 - Broadening Professional either deliberately or because you no matter how trivial they may
your horizons concerns 153 omit verb forget to do it seem.
10A - a situation in which you trust someone The relationship between
10 - Broadening Professional not to tell secret or private information attorney and client is based
your horizons concerns 153 confidentiality noun to anyone else on confidentiality.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional pay dearly (for to suffer a lot as a result of a particular If you refuse to cooperate with
your horizons concerns 153 sth) phrase action or event us, you will pay dearly for it.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional happening or coming after something These skills were passed on
your horizons concerns 153 subsequent adjective else to subsequent generations.
"So your new job didn't work
10A - to accept a failure or disappointment out very well?" "No, it didn't,
10 - Broadening Professional chalk sth up to calmly and regard it as an experience but never mind - chalk it up to
your horizons concerns 153 experience expression that you can learn something from experience."
10A - The rapid expansion of cities
10 - Broadening Professional when something increases in size, can cause social and
your horizons concerns 153 expansion noun range, amount etc economic problems.
10A - His speech laid the
10 - Broadening Professional something that has to happen before groundwork for
your horizons concerns 153 groundwork noun an activity or plan can be successful independence.
10A - to make something continue
10 - Broadening Professional sustain (a level to make something continue to exist or to exist or happen for a period
your horizons concerns 153 of sth) verb happen for a period of time of time
10A - a short high electronic sound, or a
10 - Broadening Professional flashing light on the screen of a piece
your horizons concerns 153 blip noun of electronic equipment blips on a radar screen
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional to give someone all the money you
your horizons concerns 153 pay off phrasal verb owe them I'll pay off all my debts first.
10A - your comfort zone is the range of
10 - Broadening Professional activities or situations that you feel
your horizons concerns 153 comfort zone noun phrase happy and confident in
10A - to spoil or ruin something, especially I felt like I had messed my
10 - Broadening Professional something important or something that whole life up and needed to
your horizons concerns 153 mess (sth) up phrasal verb has been carefully planned make a new start.
10A - a person or company that lends money Venture capitalists are looking
10 - Broadening Professional venture to someone so that they can start a for a high rate of return on
your horizons concerns 153 capitalist noun new business their investment.
10A - Losing two members of staff
10 - Broadening Professional used to say that you could use much was unfortunate, to put it
your horizons concerns 153 put it mildly verb phrase stronger words to describe something mildly.
10A - a feeling that you are sure is right,
10 - Broadening Professional although you cannot give a reason for He had a gut feeling that
your horizons concerns 153 gut feeling phrase it Sarah was lying.
10A - to decide to stop working, especially
10 - Broadening Professional because you have done enough or Come on, let's call it a day
your horizons concerns 153 call it a day expression you are tired and go home.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional if an event or situation drags on, it
your horizons concerns 153 drag on phrasal verb continues for too long
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional inexcusable behaviour is too bad to be an inexcusable act of
your horizons concerns 153 inexcusable adjective excused aggression
10A - used to say that a situation is very She enjoys public speaking
10 - Broadening Professional a different kettle different from one that you have just but being on TV is a different
your horizons concerns 153 of fish expression mentioned kettle of fish.
10A - to accept something even though it is
10 - Broadening Professional settle for not the best, or not what you really They want $2500 for it, but
your horizons concerns 154 second best verb phrase want they might settle for $2000.
10 - Broadening 10A - business someone who you work or do business
your horizons Professional 155 associate noun phrase with
a reciprocal arrangement or
10A - relationship is one in which two people He spoke of the necessity for
10 - Broadening Professional or groups do or give the same things a reciprocal relationship that
your horizons concerns 155 reciprocal adjective to each other would be useful for all sides.
50
Proficiency Expert

10A -
10 - Broadening Professional
your horizons concerns 155 portable adjective able to be carried or moved easily a portable radio
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional the things that a company owns, that a corporation with $9 billion in
your horizons concerns 155 asset noun can be sold to pay debts assets
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional a thatched roof is made with dried
your horizons concerns 156 thatched adjective straw, reeds, leaves etc a thatched cottage
10A - to want something for yourself,
10 - Broadening Professional especially because it will bring you Several developers have
your horizons concerns 157 have designs on verb phrase money designs on the property.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional in such a sure and certain way that He has categorically denied
your horizons concerns 157 categorically adverb there is no doubt his guilt all along.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional a new business activity that involves
your horizons concerns 157 venture noun taking risks
10A - She said that five small boys
10 - Broadening Professional to be likely to cause a particular result, on skis was a recipe for
your horizons concerns 158 a recipe for expression often a bad one disaster, not a holiday.
10A - They carried on working,
10 - Broadening Professional used to say that someone is watching under the eagle eye of the
your horizons concerns 158 eagle eye phrase carefully or is likely to notice something owner.
10A - in a way that is suitable for a particular Katherine still considered him
10 - Broadening Professional situation or that is based on what a child and treated him
your horizons concerns 158 accordingly adverb someone has done or said accordingly.
10A - when someone behaves in a rude way
10 - Broadening Professional because they think they are very I couldn't believe the
your horizons concerns 158 arrogance noun important arrogance of the man!
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional constructive useful and helpful remarks, or likely to
your horizons concerns 158 criticism noun phrase produce good results
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional put sth to good to use something such as knowledge a job where her management
your horizons concerns 158 use verb phrase or skills for a particular purpose skills can be put to good use
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional the fact that something is legally or I would question the validity of
your horizons concerns 158 validity noun officially acceptable that statement.
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go to surprise, please, or excite someone I was bowled over by the
your horizons from here? 159 bowl (sb) over phrasal verb very much beauty of the landscape.
if parts of a situation that you have
10B - Learning: been trying to understand fall into
10 - Broadening where do we go place, you start to understand how Suddenly, all the details
your horizons from here? 159 fall into place verb phrase they are connected with each other started falling into place.
10B - Learning: I was at a loose end so I
10 - Broadening where do we go be at a loose decided to go see an old
your horizons from here? 159 end noun phrase to have nothing to do movie.
10B - Learning: When he told me he was 60,
10 - Broadening where do we go knock (sb) down used humorously to say that you are you could have knocked me
your horizons from here? 159 with a feather verb phrase very surprised about something down with a feather.
10B - Learning: if you are hooked on something, you
10 - Broadening where do we go enjoy it very much and you want to do I got hooked on TV when I
your horizons from here? 159 hooked adjective it as often as possible was sick.
10B - Learning: When I heard how much
10 - Broadening where do we go money we’d made, I was
your horizons from here? 159 flabbergasted adjective extremely surprised or shocked flabbergasted.
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go your ability to understand a Her grasp of the issues was
your horizons from here? 159 grasp noun complicated idea, situation, or subject impressive.
10B - Learning: to behave in a silly way, especially Stop mucking about and get
10 - Broadening where do we go when you should be working or paying on with your homework right
your horizons from here? 159 muck about phrasal verb attention to something now!
10B - Learning: When my sister bought a
10 - Broadening where do we go motorbike, I was totally gob-
your horizons from here? 159 gob-smacked adjective very surprised or shocked smacked.
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go be up to doing clever, good, or well enough to do He’s not really up to seeing
your horizons from here? 159 (sth) verb something any visitors.

51
Proficiency Expert

relating to the study of ideas,


10B - Learning: especially scientific ideas, rather than She has theoretical
10 - Broadening where do we go with practical uses of the ideas or knowledge of teaching, but no
your horizons from here? 159 theoretical adjective practical experience practical experience.
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go a model or example that shows how the basic paradigm of the
your horizons from here? 160 paradigm noun something works or is produced family tree
10B - Learning: subjects of study such as literature,
10 - Broadening where do we go history, or art, rather than science or
your horizons from here? 160 humanities noun plural mathematics
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go every subject used to emphasize that you are talking You can buy jeans in every
your horizons from here? 160 under the sun phrase about a large range of things colour under the sun.
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go in a way that produces the result that Children have to learn to
your horizons from here? 161 effectively adverb was intended communicate effectively.
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go an illness that people catch very easily There’s a nasty bug going
your horizons from here? 162 bug noun from each other but is not very serious round.
to get free rides from the drivers of
10B - Learning: passing cars by standing at the side of
10 - Broadening where do we go the road and putting a hand out with
your horizons from here? 162 hitch a lift verb phrase the thumb raised
to gather information together,
10B - Learning: examine it carefully, and compare it A computer system is used to
10 - Broadening where do we go with other information to find any collate information from
your horizons from here? 162 collate verb differences across Britain.
someone who starts a new business or
10B - Learning: arranges business deals in order to The government scheme will
10 - Broadening where do we go make money, often in a way that encourage entrepreneurs to
your horizons from here? 163 entrepreneur noun involves financial risks start new businesses.
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go an opinion that everyone in a group a lack of consensus about the
your horizons from here? 164 consensus noun agrees with or accepts aims of the project
10B - Learning: The recipe says you can
10 - Broadening where do we go to use something new or different substitute yoghurt for the sour
your horizons from here? 164 substitute verb instead of something else cream.
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go teaching or relating to the skills you
your horizons from here? 164 vocational adjective need to do a particular job vocational qualifications
10B - Learning: manual work involves using your
10 - Broadening where do we go hands or your physical strength rather People in manual occupations
your horizons from here? 165 manual adjective than your mind have a lower life expectancy.
10B - Learning: a right that someone has, especially
10 - Broadening where do we go because of their importance or social Education was once the
your horizons from here? 166 prerogative noun position prerogative of the elite.
10B - Learning: familiarity an expression meaning that if you
10 - Broadening where do we go breeds know someone too well, you find out
your horizons from here? 166 contempt expression their faults and respect them less
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go
your horizons from here? 166 under attack verb phrase in the process of being attacked
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go the level of quality or ability that The paintings were of the
your horizons from here? 166 of a high calibre phrase someone or something has achieved highest caliber.
10A -
Professional right up your
SRB10 concerns 105 street expression exactly right for you

all of a person's or organization's past


achievements, successes, or failures,
10A - which show how well they have done We're looking for someone
Professional something in the past and how well with a proven track record in
SRB10 concerns 105 track record noun phrase they are likely to do in the future selling advertising.
10A - to work together with a person or The two nations are
Professional group in order to achieve something, collaborating on several
SRB10 concerns 105 collaborate verb especially in science or art satellite projects.
10A -
Professional
SRB10 concerns 105 pull off (a deal) phrasal verb to succeed in closing a deal

52
Proficiency Expert

He persevered with his task


10A - to continue trying to do something in a until he had succeeded in
Professional very determined way in spite of collecting an armful of
SRB10 concerns 105 persevere (with) verb difficulties - use this to show approval firewood.
10A - a situation in which someone has to The closure of the export
Professional leave their job, because they are no department resulted in over
SRB10 concerns 107 redundancy noun longer needed 100 redundancies.
10A - a difficult time when there is less trade,
Professional business activity etc in a country than the economic recession of the
SRB10 concerns 108 recession noun usual early 1980s
10A - careful about what you say or do, so
Professional that you do not offend, upset, or
SRB10 concerns 108 discreetly adverb embarrass people or tell secrets
10A -
Professional His face was devoid of any
SRB10 concerns 108 devoid of adjective to be completely lacking in something warmth or humour.
10A -
Professional The photograph seemed to
SRB10 concerns 108 accentuate verb to make something more noticeable accentuate his large nose.
10A - something bad or unpleasant that you
Professional have to accept in order to achieve Mr Hurst regarded work as a
SRB10 concerns 109 a necessary evil expression what you want necessary evil.
10A - The importance of a child's
Professional early years cannot be
SRB10 concerns 109 overstated adjective exaggerated overstated.
10A - a traumatic experience is so shocking
Professional and upsetting that it affects you for a His son's death was the most
SRB10 concerns 109 traumatic adjective long time traumatic event in Stan's life.

10A - if a relationship or someone's attitude


Professional sours, or if something sours it, it An unhappy childhood has
SRB10 concerns 109 sour verb becomes unfriendly or unfavourable soured her view of life.
10A - a chronic disease or illness is one that
Professional continues for a long time and cannot
SRB10 concerns 109 chronic adjective be cured chronic asthma

10A - a balance between two opposing There has to be a trade-off


Professional things, that you are willing to accept in between quality and quantity if
SRB10 concerns 109 trade-off noun order to achieve something we want to keep prices low.
10A - someone who is lazy and does not do
Professional all the work they should - used to show
SRB10 concerns 109 slacker noun disapproval
10A -
Professional
SRB10 concerns 109 social standing noun phrase social status
10A -
Professional the ability to move easily from one job,
SRB10 concerns 109 mobility noun area, or social class to another social mobility
10A - The magazine became the
Professional something that is extremely important cornerstone of McFadden's
SRB10 concerns 109 cornerstone noun because everything else depends on it publishing empire.
10A - to not have the chance to do Prepare food in advance to
Professional something that you enjoy and that ensure you don't miss out on
SRB10 concerns 109 miss out on phrasal verb would be good for you the fun!
10A -
Professional to move from one place or position to Give me a hand to shift these
SRB10 concerns 109 shift verb another, or make something do this chairs.
10B - Learning:
where do we go to do something that is morally wrong Who could have perpetrated
SRB10 from here? 110 perpetrate verb or illegal such a dreadful crime?
10B - Learning: to surprise someone by happening
where do we go when they are not expecting The sudden snow storm
SRB10 from here? 110 caught off-guard verb phrase something or prepared for it caught us all off-guard.
10B - Learning:
where do we go
SRB10 from here? 110 fraudster noun someone who has committed a fraud
10B - Learning:
where do we go to entertain someone by telling them Bailey regaled the customers
SRB10 from here? 110 regale with verb about something with tales of our exploits.
10B - Learning: something you do even though it It took a big leap of faith to
where do we go involves a risk, hoping that it will have decide to quit my job and try
SRB10 from here? 110 leap of faith expression a good result something new.
53
Proficiency Expert

10B - Learning: a businessman who swindled


where do we go to get money from someone by investors out of millions of
SRB10 from here? 110 swindle verb deceiving them pounds
10B - Learning: to break suddenly into very small
where do we go pieces, or to make something break in The plate hit the floor, and
SRB10 from here? 110 shatter verb this way shattered into tiny bits.
10B - Learning:
where do we go to persuade someone that what they I tried to disabuse him of that
SRB10 from here? 110 disabuse verb believe is not true notion.
10B - Learning:
where do we go lick their to quietly think about the defeat or
SRB10 from here? 110 wounds expression disappointment you have just suffered
10B - Learning: Nick was comfortably
where do we go to settle yourself in a place where you ensconced in front of the TV
SRB10 from here? 110 ensconce verb feel comfortable and safe set.
10B - Learning: Plastic replicas of the Greek
where do we go too ready to believe what other people pottery are sold to gullible
SRB10 from here? 110 gullible adjective tell you, so that you are easily tricked tourists.
10B - Learning:
where do we go intended to deceive people in an illegal
SRB10 from here? 110 fraudulent adjective way, in order to gain money, power etc a fraudulent insurance claim
10B - Learning: common at a particular time, in a Solvent abuse is especially
where do we go particular place, or among a particular prevalent among younger
SRB10 from here? 110 prevalent adjective group of people teenagers.
10B - Learning:
where do we go not the last, but immediately before the
SRB10 from here? 110 penultimate adjective last the penultimate chapter
10B - Learning:
where do we go people who do not have special To the uninitiated, this will
SRB10 from here? 111 uninitiated adjective knowledge or experience of something make little sense.

10B - Learning: to become involved in an argument, The police don't usually like to
where do we go fight, or other difficult situation in order intervene in disputes between
SRB10 from here? 111 intervene verb to change what happens husbands and wives.
10B - Learning:
where do we go a clever but dishonest way to get He got involved in a credit
SRB10 from here? 111 scam noun money card scam.
10B - Learning: Consumers are being duped
where do we go into buying faulty electronic
SRB10 from here? 111 dupe verb to trick or deceive someone goods.
10B - Learning:
where do we go suggested or understood without being Her words contained an
SRB10 from here? 111 implicit adjective stated directly implicit threat.
10B - Learning:
where do we go to start something, especially He embarked on a new
SRB10 from here? 112 embark upon verb something new, difficult, or exciting career as a teacher.
10B - Learning: The economy is booming and
where do we go small businesses are
SRB10 from here? 113 flourish verb to develop well and be successful flourishing.
10B - Learning:
where do we go How did you manage to drive
SRB10 from here? 113 stationary adjective standing still instead of moving into a stationary vehicle?
to treat someone unfairly by asking
10B - Learning: them to do things for you, but giving
where do we go them very little in return - used to show Homeworkers can easily be
SRB10 from here? 114 exploit verb disapproval exploited by employers.
7 - The way we 10 / the special quality or part that gives Basho’s poems capture the
live 1B - It's live! script soul noun something its true character true soul of old Japan.
to have so many good things to With so many makes and
7 - The way we 7A - 100 / choose from that you cannot decide models available, buyers are
live Communities script spoilt for choice phrase which one to choose spoilt for choice.
unorthodox opinions or methods are
7 - The way we 7A - 101 / different from what is usual or Her unorthodox views tend to
live Communities script unorthodox adjective accepted by most people attract controversy.
a person who disagrees with particular
claims and statements, especially
7 - The way we 7A - 101 / those that are generally thought to be Sceptics argued that the rise
live Communities script sceptic noun true in prices was temporary.
7 - The way we 7A - 102 / intended to be used once or for a short
live Communities script disposable adjective time and then thrown away disposable nappies

54
Proficiency Expert

a number of things that are shared or


7 - The way we 104 / an amount of money that is shared by Both partners put money into
live 7B - Lifestyles script pool noun a group of people a common pool.

7 - The way we 104 / an action or event that causes difficulty The factory closures came as
live 7B - Lifestyles script blow noun or sadness for someone a blow to the local economy.
used to say that there is not much In the American Midwest, you
7 - The way we 105 / traffic or anything to stop you getting really get a sense of being on
live 7B - Lifestyles script the open road noun phrase somewhere the open road.
Britain agreed to cut
7 - The way we 105 / a gas or other substance that is sent emissions of nitrogen oxide
live 7B - Lifestyles script emissions noun pl into the air from power stations.
physical or mental strength that lets
8 - Changing 106 / you continue doing something for a You need stamina to be a
fashions 7B - Lifestyles script stamina noun long time without getting tired long-distance runner.
By the 5th century, the power
8 - Changing 8A - A question 107 / becoming smaller, weaker, or less of the Roman Empire was on
fashions of style script on the wane noun phrase important the wane.
used to say that something is being The color of the shell per se
8 - Changing 8A - A question 108 / considered alone, not with other does not affect the quality of
fashions of style script per se adverb connected things the egg.
8 - Changing 8A - A question 109 / large, impressive, and appearing He’s a tall, quietly spoken, but
fashions of style script imposing adjective important imposing figure.
an elitist system, government etc is
one in which a small group of people
8 - Changing 8A - A question 110 / have more power and advantages
fashions of style script elitist adjective than other people an elitist education system
Efforts to expand the tourist
industry could be negated by
8 - Changing 8A - A question 112/ to prevent something from having any reports that the sea is highly
fashions of style script negate verb effect polluted.
someone who is choosy will only
8 - Changing 8B - Everything 114 / accept things that they like a lot or they She’s very choosy about
fashions under the sun script choosy adjective consider to be very good clothes.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything 115 / clear the knowledge that you have done Well, at least I can face them
fashions under the sun script conscience noun phrase nothing wrong all with a clear conscience.
8 - Changing 8B - Everything 116 / a white colour that has some yellow or The room was painted in off-
fashions under the sun script off-white noun grey in it white.
9 - Fitness and 8B - Everything 117 / willing to do something or interested in We’re going to the pub later –
nutrition under the sun script be up for (sth) verb phrase doing something are you up for it?
to consider an idea etc, or allow
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can 119 / entertain the yourself to think that something might She could never entertain the
nutrition you go? script idea of (sth) verb phrase happen or be true idea of living in the country.
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can 120 / to make someone feel continuously a problem that had been
nutrition you go? script nag at phrasal verb worried or uncomfortable nagging at him for days
someone who is wary is careful
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can 120 / because they think something might I’m a bit wary of driving in this
nutrition you go? script wary adjective be dangerous or harmful fog.
My head was throbbing, and
9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can 121 / for a moment I thought I was
nutrition you go? script black out phrasal verb to become unconscious going black out.

Long hours and tough


9 - Fitness and 9A - How far can 121 / par for the to be what you would normally expect working conditions are often
nutrition you go? script course noun phrase to happen – used to show disapproval par for the course in catering.

a subject or problem that no one wants


9 - Fitness and 9B - A question 122 / to deal with, because it is difficult and The issue has become a
nutrition of balance script hot potato noun phrase any decision might make people angry political hot potato.
Charlie explained how the
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question 123 / to not understand something even system works, but I’m still
nutrition of balance script none the wiser phrase after it has been explained to you none the wiser.

After being trialled in 10


9 - Fitness and 9B - A question 123 / to thoroughly test something in order to hospitals, the procedure was
nutrition of balance script trial verb see if it works correctly or is effective approved for widespread use.
9B - A question 128 / adjective a situation that has got beyond a joke This rain’s getting beyond a
1 - Performing arts of balance script beyond a joke phrase has become serious and worrying joke – let’s go inside.
the use of movements to express what
you want to say without using words, or
9 - Fitness and 13 / a play where the actors use only The children learn through
nutrition 1B - It's live! script mime noun movements role-play, dance and mime.
55
Proficiency Expert

chemical substances that are used to


10 - Broadening 9B - A question 130 / prevent things from decaying, for food that contains no artificial
your horizons of balance script preservatives noun pl example food or wood preservatives

10A - not trying very hard, usually because


10 - Broadening Professional 133 / you do not want to do something or are He made a faint-hearted
your horizons concerns script faint-hearted adjective not confident that you will succeed attempt to stop her leaving.
10A - The firm’s success is largely
10 - Broadening Professional 135 / business the ability to think quickly and make due to Brannon’s business
your horizons concerns script acumen noun good judgments acumen.
10A -
10 - Broadening Professional 135 /
your horizons concerns script finite adjective having an end or a limit the Earth’s finite resources
We tried to ensure that the
10A - company prepared an
10 - Broadening Professional 136 / contingency a plan for dealing with a future event or adequate oil spill contingency
your horizons concerns script plan noun situation that might cause problems plan.
10A -
Professional 138 / the hard boring work that is part of a Why do I always have to do
1 - Performing arts concerns script donkeywork noun job or project the donkeywork?
The work’s too easy. The
10 - Broadening 14 / to make someone use all of their skill, students aren’t being
your horizons 1B - It's live! script stretch verb abilities, or intelligence stretched enough.
10B - Learning: used when talking about a situation in
10 - Broadening where do we go 140 / which the opposite of what you Ironically, his cold got better
your horizons from here? script ironically adverb expected happens or is true on the last day of his holiday.
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go 140 / to deserve to be thought about or a teacher who is worthy of
your horizons from here? script worthy adjective treated in a particular way respect
if you do something on the off-chance
10B - Learning: that something will happen, you do it I just came to see you on the
10 - Broadening where do we go 141 / hoping that it will happen although it is off-chance that Pippa might
your horizons from here? script off-chance noun unlikely be here.
10B - Learning:
10 - Broadening where do we go 142 / We found his statement hard
your horizons from here? script credit verb to believe that something is true to credit.
a medical condition in which you
become ill or in which your skin
10B - Learning: becomes red and painful because you
where do we go 142 / have eaten or touched a particular
1 - Performing arts from here? script allergy noun substance I have an allergy to cats.
16 / The wind wailed in the
1 - Performing arts 1B - It's live! script wail verb to make a long high sound chimney.
a serious play or book that ends sadly, ‘Hamlet’ is one of
2 - The natural 21 / especially with the death of the main Shakespeare’s best known
world 1B - It's live! script tragedy noun character tragedies.

the beliefs, way of life, art, and In our culture, it is rude to ask
2 - The natural 2A - Wild 26 / customs that are shared and accepted someone how much they
world experience script culture noun by people in a particular society earn.
Just set the timer on the
2 - The natural 2A - Wild 27 / microwave and the bell will
world experience script ping verb to make a short high ringing sound ping when it's finished.
to describe or show someone or
2 - The natural 2A - Wild 29 / something in a particular way, Romantic artists portrayed
world experience script portray verb according to your opinion of them nature as wild and powerful.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild 30 / to increase the effects or strength of These stories only amplified
world experience script amplify verb something her fears.
2 - The natural 2A - Wild 31 / to separate from someone, or end a
world experience script part from phrasal verb relationship with them He has parted from his wife.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to 33 / a building for small animals, especially A fox got into the coop and
world home script coop noun chickens killed all the chickens.
Carefully following the
instructions, he pieced the
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to 35 / piece (sth) to put all the separate parts of an different parts of the model
world home script together verb phrase object into the correct order or position together.
to stop doing or eating something,
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to 36 / especially because it might be bad for By cutting out sugar, he lost
world home script cut (sth) out phrasal verb your health over 4 pounds in a month.
2 - The natural 2B - Closer to 36 / hither and scattered around or happening in Coloured fish darted hither
world home script thither phrase several different places and thither.
56
Proficiency Expert

There is a trend towards self-


sufficiency with more and
3 - Surviving and 2B - Closer to 36 / the ability to provide all the things you more people growing their
thriving home script self-sufficiency noun need without help from other people own vegetables.
something that happens or exists in
society, science, or nature, especially
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in 40 / something that is studied because it is Homelessness is not a new
thriving control? script phenomenon noun difficult to understand phenomenon.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in 41/ Barry’s kind, caring and
thriving control? script to a fault phrase extremely generous, kind etc generous to a fault.
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in 41/ careful to do everything that it is your a conscientious and hard-
thriving control? script conscientious adjective job or duty to do working student
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in 42/ likely to cause arguments or make a confrontational style of
thriving control? script confrontational adjective people angry management
a group of people, especially people
3 - Surviving and 3A - Who's in 42/ who are the same age, social class etc the TV shows that are popular
thriving control? script peer group noun as yourself with his peer group
if a feeling, attitude, or action is
contagious, other people are quickly
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and 47 / affected by it and begin to have it or do
thriving body script contagious adjective it her contagious enthusiasm
an oil from a plant that has a strong
3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and 47 / smell and is used for making perfume
thriving body script essential oil noun or in aromatherapy

the practice of emptying your mind of Yoga involves breathing


3 - Surviving and 3B - Mind and 48 / thoughts and feelings, in order to relax exercises, stretching, and
thriving body script meditation noun completely or for religious reasons meditation.
to stop yourself from thinking about or She could not shut out the
3B - Mind and 54 / noticing something, so that you are not memory of that awful night,
1 - Performing arts body script shut (sth) out phrasal verb affected by it however hard she tried.
a film or programme that shows
3 - Surviving and 1A - Have you 6/ pictures, clay models etc that seem to
thriving got what it takes? script animated adjective be really moving an animated Disney film
if you benefit from something, or it
benefits you, it gives you an Many thousands have
3B - Mind and 62 / advantage, improves your life, or helps benefited from the new
4 - Information body script benefit verb you in some way treatment.
4A - Too much of 64 / to raise if something raises eyebrows, it This decision raised a few
4 - Information a good thing? script eyebrows verb phrase surprises people eyebrows.

4A - Too much of 64 / a viable idea, plan, or method can The committee came forward
4 - Information a good thing? script viable adjective work successfully with one viable solution.
if something is slick, it is done in a
skilful and attractive way and seems
4A - Too much of 65 / expensive, but it often contains no The presentation was very
4 - Information a good thing? script slick adjective important or interesting ideas slick.
if a picture, video, joke etc goes viral, it The video went viral on
4A - Too much of 66 / spreads widely, especially on the YouTube, where it had over a
4 - Information a good thing? script go viral phrase? Internet or mobile phones million hits in 24 hours.
Their conversation contained
4A - Too much of 66 / derogatory remarks, attitudes etc are a number of derogatory racial
4 - Information a good thing? script derogatory adjective insulting and disapproving remarks.
4B - Open up 69 / someone who is very interested in a
1 - Performing arts your world script enthusiast noun particular activity or subject a keep-fit enthusiast
if a business, project etc is Rising costs mean the project
1A - Have you 7/ commercially commercially viable, it will make a is no longer commercially
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? script viable noun phrase profit viable.
to do something or behave in the
1A - Have you 7/ same way as someone else, especially He hoped to emulate the
1 - Performing arts got what it takes? script emulate verb because you admire them success of Wilder.

1A - Have you 7/ a job or activity that is lucrative lets you He inherited a lucrative
4 - Information got what it takes? script lucrative adjective earn a lot of money business from his father.
4B - Open up 71 / the amount of profit that you get from The markets are showing
4 - Information your world script return noun something extremely poor returns.
4B - Open up 73 / someone who has a lot of knowledge The French polymath Pascal
4 - Information your world script polymath noun about many different subjects excelled in many disciplines.
a tendency to prefer or be interested
4B - Open up 75 / one type of thing more than something Lydia has a strong artistic
4 - Information your world script bias noun else bias.
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Proficiency Expert

5 - Language and 4B - Open up 75 / a newspaper printed on large sheets of The story was not covered by
literature your world script broadsheet noun paper, especially a serious newspaper any of the broadsheets.
to write about something, film it, or take
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a 77 / photographs of it, in order to record His research documents how
literature word! script document verb information about it the crisis occurred.
a subject that people study or an area
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a 77 / of activity that they are involved in as
literature word! script field noun part of their work Peter’s an expert in his field.

5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a 78 / an attempt to reduce prison


literature word! script principled adjective based on clear and definite ideas sentences in a principled way
spoken stories about a community's
beliefs, customs, history etc that are Forms of the oral tradition
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a 80 / passed on from person to person over include storytelling and
literature word! script oral tradition noun phrase many years ballads.
The negotiators made a last-
5 - Language and 5A - It's all in a 80 / a final attempt to achieve something ditch effort to reach an
literature word! script last-ditch adjective before it is too late agreement.

5 - Language and 5B - An open 82 / a particular way of doing something, or The room was decorated with
literature book script touch noun the ability to do it in a particular way a very artistic touch.
‘La Grande Illusion’ is one of
5 - Language and 5B - An open 83 / a book, play, or film that is important the timeless classics of
literature book script timeless classic noun phrase and has been admired for a long time French cinema.
to provide new information that makes These discoveries may throw
5 - Language and 5B - An open 84 / throw light on a difficult subject or problem easier to new light on the origins of the
literature book script (sth) verb phrase understand universe.
the ability to imagine what is likely to
5B - An open 85 / happen and to consider this when It was an example of the
6 - Travel book script foresight noun planning for the future authorities’ lack of foresight.
a member of the group of
Scandinavian people who sailed in
ships to attack areas along the coasts The Vikings raided villages
6A - Sense of 86 / of northern and western Europe from and towns along the
6 - Travel adventure script Viking noun the 8th to 11th centuries northeast coast of Britain.
6A - Sense of 87 / a layer of soil that is always frozen in the permafrost of the arctic
6 - Travel adventure script permafrost noun countries where it is very cold tundra
The treaty requires them to
6A - Sense of 87 / get rid of their most potent
6 - Travel adventure script potent adjective powerful and effective weapons.
6A - Sense of 88 / The recession has
6 - Travel adventure script exacerbate verb to make a bad situation worse exacerbated this problem.
if something happens or is done at
close quarters, it happens inside a
6A - Sense of 88 / at close small space or is done from a short The troops had been fighting
1 - Performing arts adventure script quarters adjective distance away at close quarters.
if a plan, project etc is brought to
fruition, it is successfully put into action Many people have worked
1A - Have you 9/ bring (sth) to and completed, often after a long together to bring this scheme
6 - Travel got what it takes? script fruition phrase process to fruition.
6B - The
conscientious 90 / relating to principles of what is right The president must have the
6 - Travel traveller script ethical adjective and wrong highest ethical standards.
6B - The
conscientious 92 / relating to the environment and its He is interested in green
6 - Travel traveller script green adjective protection issues such as recycling.
6B - The
conscientious 93 / to like or want something, or want to do Sorry, but I don’t fancy going
6 - Travel traveller script fancy verb something out tonight.
6B - The
7 - The way we conscientious 93 /
live traveller script hectic adjective very busy or full of activity a hectic social life
7 - The way we 7A - 99 / to think that something is likely to I don’t envisage working with
live Communities script envisage verb happen in the future him again.
bite off more She bit off more than she
7 - The way we than you can to try to do more than you are able to could chew when she took on
live 7B - Lifestyles chew verb phrase do that extra work.
something that you do only to achieve
7 - The way we a means to an a result, not because you want to do it For Geoff, the job was simply
live 7B - Lifestyles end noun phrase or because it is important a means to an end.
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Proficiency Expert

to delay the progress or development


7 - The way we of something, or delay someone from The fire set the project back
live 7B - Lifestyles set (sb/sth) back phrasal verb finishing something several months.
7 - The way we steer clear of to avoid someone or something Jo tried to steer clear of
live 7B - Lifestyles (sb/sth) verb phrase unpleasant or difficult political issues.
7 - The way we be dead set on adjective The government’s dead set
live 7B - Lifestyles (sth) phrase be determined about something on the plan.
to say or do something that is extreme
7 - The way we or unreasonable, so that it seems I think you went a bit over-the-
live 7B - Lifestyles go over the top verb phrase stupid or offensive top calling him a fascist.

7 - The way we to get rid of a plan, system, or service, TV’s longest running show is
live 7B - Lifestyles axe verb especially in order to save money to be axed.
7 - The way we something that you must do or must Warm clothes are a must in
live 7B - Lifestyles must noun have the mountains.
all the people who work in a particular The scientific fraternity has
7 - The way we profession or share a particular expressed doubts about the
live 7B - Lifestyles fraternity noun interest findings.
9 - Fitness and a gradual process of change or the natural progression of the
nutrition 7B - Lifestyles progression noun development disease
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question if a meeting, event, or a football game The match kicks off at 3
nutrition of balance kick off phrasal verb kicks off, it starts o'clock.
to do what other people in a job or
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question organization say you should do, You toe the line or you don’t
nutrition of balance toe the line verb phrase whether you agree with them or not stay on the team!
Ask Margaret. She’s pretty
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question clued up about that sort of
nutrition of balance clued up (about) adjective knowing a lot about something thing.
attempts to make people think
something is good or important by Despite the media hype, I
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question talking about it a lot on television, the found the film very
nutrition of balance hype noun radio etc – used to show disapproval disappointing.
a substance that remains on a surface,
in a container etc and cannot be
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question removed easily, or that remains after a
nutrition of balance residue noun chemical process Rinse off any soap residue.
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question There were plans afoot for a
nutrition of balance afoot adjective being planned or happening second attack.
prohibitive costs are so high that they
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question prevent people from buying or doing The cost of land in Tokyo is
nutrition of balance prohibitive adjective something prohibitive.
All this may sound a bit far-
fetched, but companies are
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question extremely unlikely to be true or to already developing ‘intelligent’
nutrition of balance far-fetched adjective happen homes.

a lot of criticism, questions, complaints


9 - Fitness and 9B - A question etc that are said at the same time, or
nutrition of balance barrage noun very quickly one after another a barrage of questions
official rules that seem unnecessary
9 - Fitness and 9B - A question and prevent things from being done a procedure surrounded by
nutrition of balance red tape noun quickly and easily bureaucracy and red tape

59