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Strength of Materials BMFB 2413

Semester 1 2017/2018




At the end of this lesson, the students should be able to understand:

 Estimate shaft sizes

 Estimate shaft materials and residual stresses
 Design considerations for shaft


The ferrous, non-ferrous materials and non-metals are used as shaft material depending on
the application. Some of the common ferrous materials used for shaft are hot-rolled plain
carbon steel, cold-drawn plain carbon/alloy composition or alloy steels which related with the
mechanical properties. A common design problem is required materials and size of a shaft so
that it will transmit a specified amount of power developed by a machine and residual stresses
can be predicted to ensure the performance of the shaft.


A pulley drive is transmitting power to a pinion, which in turn is transmitting power to some
other machine element as shown in Figure 1. Pulley and pinion diameters are 400mm and
200mm, respectively.


Figure 1: Pulley drive with transmission shaft


1. Shaft has to be designed for minor to heavy shock. Determine size diameter shaft that
can comply minor to heavy shock if the allowable shearing stress is 50MPa.
(10 marks)

2. If a new 2.5 meter long solid shaft of 30-mm diameter rotates at a frequency of 30Hz,
determine the maximum power that the new solid shaft can transmit.
Given that the modulus rigidity of this new shaft, G is 77.2GPa, the allowable shearing
stress is 50MPa, and the angle of twist must not exceed 7.5°.

(5 marks)

3. If this new solid circular shaft is subjected to a torque, T = 4.6 kN.m at each end as
shown in Figure 2, determine the distribution of residual stresses.
Assuming that the shaft is made of an elastoplastic material with a yield strength in
shear, τy = 150MPa and a modulus of rigidity (G) of 77.2GPa

Figure 2: Solid circular shaft

(10 marks)


As an engineer you are required to analyze each of the question in order to come out the
design considerations for the problem mentioned.