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GENERIC NAME: Acetylcysteine

Brand name: Acetadote, Mucomyst

Drug Classification: Mucolytics

DRUG STUDY

DOSAGE, ROUTE,

 

MECHANISM OF

SIDE EFFECTS and

FREQUENCY (prescribed and recommended)

INDICATION

ACTION

ADVERSE REACTIONS (by system)

Prescribed:

Adjunctive therapy for

 

CNS: fever, drowsiness

pharyngitis

800 mg

abnormal viscid or

CV: chest tightness,

Available forms:

thickened mucus secretions in patients

tachycardia, edema, flushing

IV injection: 200mg/ml Solution: 10%, 20%

with pneumonia, bronchitis, bronchiectasis,

EENT: rhinorrhea,

Respiratory:

complications of thoracic surgery or CV surgery

bronchospasm, cough, dyspnea Skin: clamminess, diaphoresis, urticarial Other: Anaphylactiod reaction

CONTRAINDICATION/S

NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES (at least 10)

Contraindicated with patients hypersensitive to drug

Monitor cough type and frequency Ingestion of more than 150mg/kg of acetaminophen may cause

electrolyte levels

Use cautiously in elderly or debilitated patients with severe respiratory insufficiency

hepatotoxicity. Measure acetaminophen level 4hours after ingestion to determine risk of hepatotoxicity Obtain baseline AST, ALT, bilirubin, PT, BUN, creatinine, glucose and

Facial erythema may occur within 30 minutes to 60 minutes of start of IV infusion and usually resolves without stopping infusion When acetaminophen level is below toxic level according to nomogram, stop therapy The vial stopper does not contain natural rubber latex, dry natural rubber or blends of natural rubber Warn patient that drug may have a foul taste or smell that may be distressing For maximum effect, instruct patient to cough or clear his airway before aerosol administration

• Don’t confuse acetylcysteine with acetylcholine

   
GENERIC NAME: Acetylcysteine Brand name: Acetadote, Mucomyst Drug Classification: Mucolytics DRUG STUDY DOSAGE, ROUTE, MECHANISM OF

Patient’s Name / Room No.