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"loll .rene: ~~.. 28 -.w. _

NUS •• IlOO••

VOl.! NO.5 SAPRIL,I945


XX I B 0 M B ERe 0 M MAN D

LOlr AltitUde Attack on 193 3
Mission to RYushu 4
Picture O:l. ta Airfield 5
Picture Tachiari Airfield 6
Picture Omura Aircraft Factory 7
Small Force Hits Vitsubishi Plant 8
Photo Coverage of the Week 8

Peashooter Pete Talks Tactics 9

Japanese AA 11
Device for Better Radar Briefing 15
Jap Play by Play Account of B-29 ~aid 19
Vore Jap B-29 Inspired Items 20
What the Jap can \7rite Home 22
7 Armies Converge on
10118 Burma War Paying • .. 'a3
Japs Interpret the War News-
" . '" .,.,

~ON " 193"

'l'arget 193, the MitsublShi A1r~ reasons •
ett: Enaine "orIal at Nagoya OM
, Japan.' largest aircraft piants 3UTH 1'f1NG
• bit by the Bomber Command again
the ni..eht at 24~25 Karch. Clea:o- 'arty 11% or 49 alrboroe air·
• sllloke uncovered 173.000 square cratt dropped 185 ton.s or bl7.:lbe on
. t at new damage to the bil plant the pri'!lary. This wtng encountered
, tour to rive percent at the Illore clouds than the others tJ:Ii was
It 1s intel'llled that this weekly re_ forcad to drop through u? to 9/10
port be a source or lnforrnst1on for co~­ It.a1 roof area.
bIlt crews anll starf ortic81's who have a under cast. One aircraft landed at
J.eglt1lllatA interest In the operations of A t~tal or 1.533 tons of bombs I11'O Jilu.
the XXI BOlliber Cot.l9la~. '~lthln those .. drov~ vUually aDd by reelar
lilllit! it shoul!! receive the widest pos_ • tha 226 aircraft which maele ef~
sible circulation permissible under the Ntive sorties. There were 22
provisions of AR :\80_5. 11'1,. returns and five eircraft
In orcle:r thet a MXll'111l1 of intelli_ deh elid not return from the mis·
gence taa)' be included, the report 1s lOD. In additton t~ the daoage to l~
given an O'Ierall classification of Sec_ three nI.Cbered targets, two indus-
ret. "l'hen the natlU'll or the material !nelQ' aircraft OPPOSition was tries wtt~out nu:::::lbers &."'Id the city
-arrerlts, l~lvlduel articles have re_ atorted as nll to mod8l'ate and in- of Nagoy• • ara daoaged.
etlvee! e lOller security clas51r1cetion. !feetive. Flak was meager to in-
. . . . Ught to heavy, and accurate. Duage to Target 196, O!:1gJsa
The report 15 so assembled that the
eOllponent SectiOM lI!ey be removed lind Factory. Nagoya ~eDal. included
c1l'culated or fUed Sllpll.l'etely, It por_ IndividUal Wing reports showed 23 shell-flll1n& b"Jlldings, tour
tlolLS are rePJ'oducecl, ucur1ty regula_ tollowin&: bUildings for storage of ~un1tioD
tions lIlust be observed and the source
endUed. and explo.siVes plu.s 12 revet ted
73RD ."It~ bulld1np, ee build1ngs of the for-
lIer pott.erj· .o-Its DO'II' a part ~f the
CorrespondenCi regardll18 th1s pub~ ODe hundred twenty aircraft "ere
Hutton shauld be adclressed to the Com_ arse-nal. The b:Jlldlr\3S co~·
lorne. of t1hich 106 dronped 826
~rldl~ General, XXI DOTII'bllr Comend. prued 90 percent of the forae:r
, ornia,
' cloAttention:
POStrr.aster, San FranCl~co.
Irt:. or S, A_2.
ot bOlllb. on the primary rr OlD
to 8,500 teet thrOUlh 0/10 to
pot te.ry workl.
clouds. 'nu'ee aircraft drop- At Target 254, "ltl1ubUhi Elec-


Colonel, A1r Corps
,'c or s, "-2
approximately 20 tons on To,o-
and Shingu. Three aircratt
tric "anufacturtng CCOp&Q)' , a pee
storage area of 37,400 feet was de·
stroyed. Storage buildings, maeh.
1M shop' boiler house and senrJ!
uni4entlrled bUlldlfl6s .ere da"lll.~t!.

~.G. XXI B.C. cu: lJ Initial.

la...enty nine aircraft were air-
; 71 dropped 497 tons ~n the
,.he TorUPl:l'l.tsU F'aetory of the
Nt.go,a \ rsenal , Ta:i.";~t 200. W&5 11
DATI 5 April 1945 ~
ry from '7,000 to 8,700 feet. 129,000 sc;uare teet - de·
a1rcraft .ere missing and three percent
led at I11'O Jima for mechanical strayed.
~.numberea "til to"" "" .,.- (:]ecret)
eka Textile Mill, reported to be 8
munitions plant now, of which all
10 buildings were destroyed, and
ths As8Shi pottery NorkS, of "hicl,
all 16 buildings were destroyed. (For an a.cCOUllt or I
action to this llIhSl~'
In the city of Nngoya 183 acrl:'!:: ial reports,) ,

Partially in support o~ Navy 0il- not bomb any target. ~
erations in the Ryukyus, the XXI at Iwo ,11ma to ,reruel •
BaRber COllllll8nd launched a two-r,ing c~aft were lost. Clal"
strike on 27 l·larch against enemy the enemy were three des...
aircraft installations on Yyushu. probably destroyed and t"
Primary targets were the Tachi_
arai and Oita air fields. r,i th the
O:Iura Urcraft F'actory as !1 pr1"nary
rad!!.r target. One hundred alrcr"rt
tron the 73rd ':l1ng and 44 from the
3l4th were airbo:,ne betvleen 0252
and 0425 hours.

Thirty nine aire:

314th ..,ing went on to
they bombed the alrc~
350 550 pound boobs
lS.OOO feet with a h
accuracy. Three 0'
targets of opportunity.

Scvunty four of the 73rd 'l/ing T:-tis wing had 36 e:

ll.1rc:"art drojlped 1,024 ~'50-jlound enemy aircraft, I'IOSU7
GP, on Tachtar!li airfield visually gine. Opposition was 11
rrt)M 11 500 to 18,000 feet t~n'ough effective however. QII
br;~~n u~derc~3~. Thirty nine d~op- one Tojo we~e claimed II
C 541 SSO-POunders on Oita air--
¥1e1Cl t 38 Visually and one by radar, :l?~;~~51,",'~W·i4:i!~:"'-\!'~~1t'~

from 5,100 to 18.000 feet.

~wenty one unag~re~sive and in_

etfective atu:.CllS were I!l'lde hy 18 11 Oita Airrield ro1101'lnc .,.ttod buUdi",-~ de.. tr~"l'd •.-\ uall
e~e~ aircraft oVer ~achlarai but 27 "arch strike. PIs or t~e re!!ldential area lSesU'~,.ed. ~~re
none attacked over Oils. Flak waa COIIlland eIU list the to11o-... a.-a "4 boab htu .~ 10 4aId-ed
heavy, ~~ager and inaCcurate oVer results: ftlrcrart on the ri~ld.
O1ta; 'neager to "Oderate at lJsull:l The de.... lndleat~ by e~o~s
nay; beavy, inaccurate
"',e!' ~PPu Day; hCbl')', r"l eer and
'ClUJ'hangars an.d rOW' 8'8nel'al-
bUU4inss da~se4. Thre. re- lines Is (Ir'fIl9tO'lS 4. . . . .
na"eurate oVer 1' aChi nral. e8
FOUl' airc:-art of this "ina did fliotQS on the
sho·, the results
TIll'>81.")"., _ (Seer et) 5
'~~L.>-'=> ';y",'?~.~

o IIlURA •

<'i'iP'~-m -
'rachllll'nt AirfIeld
It was hit on ,rur3 ~lrcHnrt r3C. this phot~oraph. ~¥O~ In'~lla­
atrtraft ot the on 27 l'arch by ryus"lu. It was 3.ttac":ed on ttcn, d~ed are two asse-bly
Photo reVeals etght 73f(l Wing, This bul1dlnss and ~~.e mae"lne.s~~~.
dalliseCl or destro ~d ntne hangars
~h by aircraft of the 314th
the accuracy or their ho~~ In addition to several ~lseellan_
to tamage to bUl1d Y
, • In addition evident fro,," the annoUtions sous buildings. ~o~c previous ~~r.
n~ In the Shop troy~ and (b."'1Clged are.!lS on a~e also 1s visible.

;vi ;;::'''VJ.l~:.·g"
........~ ~~ -"'.
.• .••

r •rom,
6-000""'tOUtlgh c~l .. "11'.. "oil'
No aircratt ..,.
enemy aircratt were: ....
t1nued on thelr !a1 '"
started a PlU'sUl t ~
otf at 1,000 yards, -~~
Production at tbe Kitsubisbi
meager and Inaccura~.-OOIII
~. ,
Aircraft Plant at Nagoya, target
193, ran into additional difticul-
ties on the night of 30-31 March. ~destrOyed by Allted It!
""the Jap gover~ II
'The 314th Wing mounted 14 a1r-
eratt against the plant on that
night and 12 of them dropped 199
500.pound OP bombs on the target.
One other aircraft bombed a target
I ~the people to 'Quo,;
,materials sUch II
'metal wares, l1cht
and rebl'1C1,
Sent Br01Uld"
of opportunity. Bombing 11'85 done ~the materials. Ot__
~':;", . ,

~,f tJ/d; WakJ

25 March through 31 March 1945

3PR51495 24 War -Le!llo'De oute herel Clear tha tunnel I -:\'hera's that tnterro~t1?ns gu,:r?
SlI96 Shimonosekl, Tokuyama 6",24",40" eonvtoced - The bt& Iron Bird tUes. b<Jt let..,. s':;l111 the beans. lsp
24 War Nagoya, Osaka ,te.r tecties, aod set t'hall back to "!lY O"ltt1t."
5"9'1 2S Jar Shimonoseki 6",24",40"
51198 24 ... Abortive as a 'sand.baS· and. bl'o\.!'\er. set ,0ar 5-2 tor_ "Md"
Takasaki, Fukush Ima 6".24",40'
51r199 25 liar
511100 25 lIar Nagoya, r.umano
6" ,24",40"
Kyushu East &: South 6".24",40"
5M101 27 Yar Kurum.
~hu East &: South
10/10 cloud
S\Q.02 28 Var Kurum.
SM103 28 llar

SlU04- 28 Ilar
~hu South &: East
Kurume, r.atsushlro
6" ,24" ,40"

SlUOs 29 l.!ar !'lure, Kyushu East 10&1e plane Jap favor it. , IIla7
Kure ..
511106 29 Ilar

5lU07 29 l!ar
Y.yl,lShu South &: East
Sasebo, Shlmonosekt
Sasebo, Shlmonosekl
6" ,24".40"
24" .40"
lapproach frOCl al\7 dlreetloa
but acrlll8111 e omes rr 011 el tber
Itba tront or rear quarters.
attaelr: Is usuall.1 pressed to
quartars, break loa In a dh·••
J' .. ..•
sn08 30 ~ar KYUShu East 6" ,24" .40" Ous roum tha t 10ns ranp
5'0.09 ~O I.{JU> Nanpo Sh.oto nre otten eaus. If1PP1 to
Ta kaSakl , ~ukushlll11l. 6" ,24" ,40" art earlJ.
6",24" ,40·
• "': •.;••••~l!'-'.',
{I) &asel and bo.:;e made of plywood ' .' M'" <
)r other sUitable ~atcri.a.l.
(2) Tracie a~ adjustobla r.:'.cl, for
supporting 35 nm cn~era.

'(3) Flood-lightS fo.!' illumination

'of photo-easel.

(4) 35 mn copy ca.lIero or 35 As soon as the 1I000/e~nts of the

i mm c~er8 suitable for ~a~ln~ film- enemy planes beconc clev, tt:ey
strip. \'fill be announced promptly. Hence,
please rest yourselves and be calli
Any stnndnra 35 mm just before dUhin,;' out to fi&ht.
fUM-strip Shall we not fight against the en-
projector tJlhy be used.
emy planes with the spirit of actu-
ally lIleetil"l8 the enflClY?
2246 _ Planes spotted !"roa posts
in !OiiI'ns expected to reach Nagoya
azlm< ell'cle fOund ~ area be~een e3:30 and 2400.
pcriphery of tl'c scope
inforllltttion strip Which ~ - The air rald wa:mil"l8 is
'~hc J:"roouctlon of the flln-strlp altitUde, bearilll;, ·.r-d It.til hereby ordered for tne ~r.';lre
incorporates tr.e use of a lDask longitude of the scope pb of the Toke.ido area. (Tokyo 'll'est
which completely fills th~ frnrne of other pertinent infor"'.o.UCl to 40 miles or ND/SOya __ does
posed of paper squares belr: not include Kobe and Osaka).
the 35 mm copy camera. 1'hls 15 (Guao time)
placed on the easel of .:!! e'l'=lere_ bel'S end letters r.~ich t of 24-25 ~arch until the last 2337 _ As of 2229 enec:y planes
stand ,ma the radar scope photo, changed readily as the , had cleared the Nagoya area, whieTi"'iU-e believed to be ':Illde up of
outline oap, end infor~ation strip progre3ses. Jap redia prodded the hoCle de- t ..o each, are heading northwest 0'1_
are placed under it so as to a'pear e __ no" ..arning, now cajoliI1&, er the waters southeast pf the Shi-
in their proper openings. These are The m~ps use~ in pleading. This is SOP during ma Peninsula. In addlt1bn to thiS,
changet by raiSing the ~sk and in~ black and '.'!hite the XXI Bomber Command ope.rQ~ there are two more ob'ects (object!!
sertins the ncT-t scope photo and land-water contrast an(! against the Japanese Empire. is ulual terrainology for O:lr at-
date for ench sequence. It is not tarl;et plans. The route to aircraft) fol101t'ing a!)d
necessary to chall8e the r.lep each the terget area is lnd' A translation of excerpts troc heading nort}!.. It 1s helieTed that
t1!!le as translucent lI!isks ~avill8 lay i tl8 paper strips \'11t~ Jap broadcasts, m'lde before, these planes will reach •••• r.&8;oya
range circles cut out are placed direction arrows ovor tbI De and after the 24_25 March about e3oo. ('n11s esti-:ate was an
over the outline map and may be
moved to indicate the cover38e or
""p. ion, is set down b£lo.. for its
'al interest value •• Times at
hour too ear 1,y) •
each scope photo. beginning of each item are Let us f1s:ht tonis:ht as:a1n. ~re
The set~up for procluct1C1 time. Times in the bOOy of you sure that there are no obstac:1e5
35 mn fllm-strips may be ~~ ttems are Tokyo time. in your path? Are all yOOf' Min at
The line-o~~flight indi~~tor is use materlgls : nd equlpmeDt: their i'ltattons already? ~rc:1'1e
a White paper strip laid aero;;!! the
scope photo to indicete the l~hber_
eble Without srrectlnc the
purpose of the film,
I BIW~E t spCCial care as ree;!.l'(Is
houses. In rtehtlng at n18ht it 1~
vnc: n~
line of the aircraft. The bparll"'.g present the radar a!'Pl" _ -It is suspected that taportant to s:et your eyf's acc~'­

· .-.. t_.-. .0.

. ,.. .
('of this line can hfI reRd frflt11 t.'ie withdrawel routes for ~I rro11l:18tions of large-type en- tomed to the darkn-U. Have Fre:-
planes have headed northwest ,arations been Mde fo:, the cell"'!'
the best delineation aJ'd 0'
the Bonin Island group. It

....... t~ . . to",.Ol''''' ~ ;. planes ue heading toward Ha- ~ _ It is believed there are
I it is bel1eved that they "ill
,oto,' 15 iIiiUtes before the a11" 1":l.1d.
~h Ragoya bet.een 2330 and 2400. 'i'l'arning is ordered ror the c:1tj of
Nqoya. Please onlre aU p"epara-

........ , these instruct.ions are
,ently given, have every pO!l!li-
~ontainer filled with water,
the things both inslde and
tions for a cc.plete battle.
Please uke aU preparations to.
a supply or _tel'. Row alch .:IAte'r
-. ,~,-
ide of your house In order aDd
everythifll; prepared so that
will be able to fight without
do you han arc:u.n4 you? P.o- .~t
the preparation. of your b\le'ketl?


6 6 ,et,. • Ho.. about ...en cup,?

.'.' '. ..'.',.. "'z'
'. ..' •.
~~.:~! ~

r'larnings succeeded for several

areas as announcements of more and
more approaching planes were made.)
0133 - You
destroYing hOUSes
""'t IlOt4
of' tires.
,.,..u~ , ~ is deSired that those gno are g:)i~
0015 - Since the enemy planas -

to travel rerrain frOID rushtl"-8 to

tonight are changing their tactics, get transportation during the next
they tDaJ enter !"rom all directions. day or so but eClllp1y with the w~h_
Please be alert. Also, please be p~ es or the rall11'ay officials con-
attenti\'e for the sound of plane cerned. "
tDotors becAllse frtencUy planes are
also present to illl.ercept in the
1:8g0>'8 area.
0055 - The enemy planes W1l.1 soon
Tokyo bome service radio, on 25
Ib: A sta tement issued by Premier ~FAC{B~ "

penetrate into Nagoya frO!ll a south_ oso: MToday, Febr\1tll'y 25, enBIllY
craft ratcHng the capi tal dar~
ern direction. ;ly resorted to the outrage or
opping bombs on the Imperial News
llnemployed ...
0303 - By the Vii_ eau of the Imperial Household
~ f· of our air defense UDiU, nistr,. and the guarcb station of
Omiya Palace which is an awe-
Japenese home radio service, 13
March: "The r.wanto (Tokyo area)
." DURING 'J erable total ot war I
J,ik '··~.5.~~'~,.!l,.'\l""~'5i
;........ been achieved. I'Ihen tIM
p1ring act. Needless to say,
e l ' extremely slight. How_
Munitions Superintendent's ortice
has issue~ the rollowlng ann':TJnce.
enemy planes shot dCli er. &S a subject I am fIlled with IIlent. to rectory worlrers and e::ploy-
0056 - N'J,mber one has penetrated grouna Should be s. epidatlon. eftS who surfered free the air rail!:
int~oya. I pray t.

Number two will soon citizens. 'You people had your ractories de-
penetrate into Nagoya. Nun:ber three effort. II I illlDedletely proceeded to the stroYed b/ the recent air r81d or
is lace and paid my respects to HIs have lost ea:p101Iteat. You people,
or heading
Tsu. north in the waters l'lCI'th
,Jesty and (again proceeded to the bowever, lII.lst consider thb cb.."''l,se
.lace) and inquIred of the Emp.r~ as h"lving orfered 8 ch"nce o~ C':!n·
structlng 8 new production struc·
0111 ~
The enemy Planes are drop..
" health. TOltOl-rOl' morning I
11 be receIved in aucHence by the ture that is ClUing to the dpcls-
Pini'""l'ncendiaries and eXPlosives; lperor and I inten.:i to mai'.e a pro- ive WfU'the c'mdltlons'.1t
so be sure to wait in the case of 'ound apology on behalf of the cab-
explos tves for them to go off but t members.
daSh in to put out incendiary fires.
I am together wI th the one hun~
m2l - Our interCepting uni ts d million people burning with
arer!,s'hting gallantly. One ene/llY ignation against the enel:!Y's ar~
plane has been Shot down. SOlte Tokyo :W1ce and irreverence snd renewed
people must have seen the enemy ,ngeful thoughts come from the
plane go do'l'f!l with black SIllO!m 7 1.1arch: liThe ,ttOlll of my :-:'eart. I om solennly
stre8Jll~1l& behind it. Please do YOUI'
best. clUb, headed by· ~ 'termined not to gIve up Ul'ltU we
called a meeting somt troy the enemy.·
head men of these elulll
~ ~ainst .I\r ita and Yoshio As aDO, 1:egoya, 14 ~ch: "!'le ~ne~
0l2S The fieht incen_
dIary "'5C1.'lbs is decieed in the first known 8S key of the '
versity and SOMe otb"
alk ... rJ.'t 1f1Ulo planes t'lying over "hoh!":1 c:e.;,. t' ,,!
n1ght of 10 ":Lrc~ dro;''''8d "''':'''.r .... ,...
five llinutes. Please ey.tingUlsh cils 1I'!1ieh contr,lre.:" e.x~i·.~~·:tI
fires before they spread. Japan. This meeting"'~
Friday and all the mea cne:Dlcals ..h1c~ injured Lr.noccr.t
children who ~lc:{ed t~,c uj)•••• ':"l/'~·
013) - Taklll£ Out your hOUsehole! the meeting voiced Japanese home service, Tokyo, lQsy 31so drop fountain ;'en! 1.rJ.
efreetS is important. In order to as to what to do and Karch: "The Tokyo RaUway Bur-
minimize the number or fires le t to make Japan a IItrOI now running eight spccial c3nc:l.1es •••• •
. " , ' -.r""'.l.... .-'·.'
us all Work t071ard putting , Out l' 19h t the aggressor" 'ains from Uyeno Station in Ol'der l~::·'~' ,; .
~ fto.. ~ ..• ")'
'.'<.b '';';'~~~'!"", \,,~j,,~~:~~,-c,',,,,,:",
." '\.'1"""" ~,,,,-,::: '\.' •
fires promptly. let us concentrate
on th~ surrounCl.1ng or central fires.
noblemen who attend" tral'l5f'ort those who have surfer- '1'i"'~".,' . .;,)".:c',•. ! ;;.,,;. • ' ,-;.;" ,,-~; .~k,
unanimously agreed" ~rom da~age in air roids •••••• lt
·,i··~,·":' . :. ·,"\'· :,·· " ', """ '.,
M'lfiIU1J fu 'l' r an's war armaments ..
Sfh1 ...... _ ........... ~~
om an enemy docuoent captured the nature or the islaM'
e Pac1Cic a look at Japl!l.nese and squalls could be llIentiO!lll"
irship 15 obtaIned. 'nle regu· not described In de tan. 2Ili
~ included the noreal prohlb- perature could be mentl0tled 11
lS on Inrormation or mIlItary
! and l1mIted the types or mail
h 'l'.B.y be pcsted.
~~~: ~;~~~l~~~~n~~ ~o;~.-
ted to discuss the brilb'
the moon snd stars.
!an was United to rirst cloSS
: and prlnt!d post cards, eIther
~tary or air correspondence
1s. No air mail letters, pack- W-~~
s (except Imperial gifts and
,10nal bonds), letters requlring
JCial handllng, registered, In-
'ed, speclal dellvery, etc. were Personal letters to tbt
lowed. wlte or sweetheart were per:
and ""'oold be handled l1btr;
il. " .. ftn it they are too intimate-.
'RF.5TRICTICNS ON CO;mESPONDErCp: The recreational taell!'
!"51!lJ.'>'!11~ .. the Jap soldier overseas i,.
ly guarded secret !'rca tbI
The restrictions on letter wrlt_ at home. No mention eould
ng cover a wide range or SUbJects. ot brothels, tea houses, bull
io mention or hint could be made of taurants, etc. The suttle
.ocation. MSoutll Seas Area- was frUit and candy could not
lot permitted, for to the Japanese tiOned. RegUlations spec
that Would indicate that the wrlter prOhibite~ mention of enyth:
was .0000ewh~re In -Sumatra, Java, might Cause envy or obJecU
Borx.o or lew Guinea-. The same 8P_ the home tront.
Ipl1e<l to "South BellS" which reveal_
ed presenCi3 in the Carolines, I&ar_ '1be date ot the letWl
shalls ar.d the liartanas. They hints at the d8 te "ere tl
"ere allowed to mentlon "laM or Photographs were permitted
j unendl~ \UlIlmer" or -Southern coun_
try". that only one tree was lac
the background. No phoToOSI
lowed shOWing the sea, beacll,
beVel's! speCiflc pr lbttions natives. Jap civilians,
I "ere listed regardIng Ohlocation: bUildings or mountains.
"Do not write; 'I "'111 be the bul..
wark of the actflc I and do not
describe the ClOUds 80 as t.o reveal Severe puniShment was .
any solcHer who attempted
censorShip. (From AUS

11ottlniC.b •

"-- ...... ""'Ill great battlee ot the struggle around Berlin.

Europflan history. a battle which
prObably will determine the !!ura... Already seriousl)' ttlreatenecl on
the European War, has open... tblt aut b1 the RusslaDl 4r.wa up
the Germans are braced tar alQAB the Ode:." Hi"I", BerllD 11 ta-