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Shrey D Thaker Roll No-59 21 January 2018

An asteroid or a super volcano could

destroy us, and we face risks the
dinosaurs never saw: an engineered
virus, inadvertent creation of a
micro black h ole, c atas t rophic
global warming or some as-yet-
unknown technology could spell the
end of us. Humankind evolved over
millions of years, but in the last
s i x t y ye a rs at om ic we ap o n r y
created the potential to extinguish
ourselves. Sooner or later, we must
expand life beyond this green and
blue ball—or go extinct.

Elon Musk
Entrepreneur, Business Magnate, Engineer & Investor

Date of Birth- June 28, 1971

Residence- Bel Air, Los Angeles, California, U.S

At the age of 17, Musk was accepted into Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario, for undergraduate
study. In 1992, after spending two years at Queen's University, Musk transferred to the University of
Pennsylvania, where in May 1997 he received a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from its
College of Arts and Sciences, and a Bachelor of Science degree in economics from its Wharton
School of Business. Musk extended his studies for one year to finish the second bachelor's degree.
While at the University of Pennsylvania, Musk and fellow Penn student Adeo Ressi rented a 10-
bedroom fraternity house, using it as an unofficial nightclub.

In 1995, at age 24, Musk moved to California to begin a PhD in applied physics and materials
science at Stanford University, but left the program after two days to pursue his entrepreneurial
aspirations in the areas of the internet, renewable energy and outer space.


1. SpaceX - CEO

2. PayPal - Co-Founder

3. Tesla Inc - CEO

4. Hyperloop - Co-Founder

5. SolarCity - Chairman

6. OpenAI - Co-Chairman

7. The Boring Company- Founder

8. Neuralink - CEO

9. Zip2 - Co-Founder

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Shrey D Thaker Roll No-59 21 January 2018

History of Companies:

1. SpaceX

Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American

aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company headquartered in Hawthorne,
California. It was founded in 2002 by entrepreneur Elon Musk with the goal of reducing space
transportation costs and enabling the colonization of Mars. SpaceX has since developed the Falcon
launch vehicle family and the Dragon spacecraft family, which both currently deliver payloads into
Earth orbit.

2. PayPal

PayPal Holdings, Inc. is an American company operating a worldwide online payments

system that supports online money transfers and serves as an electronic alternative to traditional
paper methods like checks and money orders. PayPal is one of the world's largest Internet payment
companies. The company operates as a payment processor for online vendors, auction sites and
other commercial users, for which it charges a fee.

3. Tesla Inc

Tesla, Inc. (formerly Tesla Motors) is an American company that specializes in electric
automotives, energy storage and solar panel manufacturing based in Palo Alto, California. Founded
in 2003, the company specializes in electric cars, lithium-ion battery energy storage, and residential
photovoltaic panels (through the subsidiary company SolarCity). The additional products Tesla sells
include the Tesla Powerwall and Powerpack batteries, solar panels and solar roof tiles.

4. Hyperloop

A Hyperloop is a proposed mode of passenger and/or freight transportation, first used to

describe an open-source vactrain design released by a joint team from Tesla and SpaceX. Drawing
heavily from Robert Goddard's vactrain, a hyperloop comprises a sealed tube or system of tubes
through which a pod may travel free of air resistance or friction conveying people or objects at high
speed while being very efficient.

Elon Musk's version of the concept, first publicly mentioned in 2012, incorporates reduced-pressure
tubes in which pressurized capsules ride on air bearings driven by linear induction motors and air

5. SolarCity

SolarCity Corporation is a subsidiary of Tesla, Inc. that specializes in solar energy services
and is headquartered in San Mateo, California.

6. OpenAI

OpenAI is a non-profit artificial intelligence (AI) research company that aims to promote and
develop friendly AI in such a way as to benefit humanity as a whole. The organization aims to "freely
collaborate" with other institutions and researchers by making its patents and research open to the
public. The founders (notably Elon Musk and Sam Altman) are motivated in part by concerns about
existential risk from artificial general intelligence.

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Shrey D Thaker Roll No-59 21 January 2018

7. The Boring Company

The Boring Company is an infrastructure and tunnel construction company founded by Elon
Musk in late 2016.

8. Neuralink

Neuralink is an American neurotechnology company founded by Elon Musk and eight others,
reported to be developing implantable brain–computer interfaces (BCIs). The company's
headquarters are in San Francisco. Tt was started in 2016 and was first publicly reported in March
2017. The trademark "Neuralink" was purchased from its previous owners in January 2017.

9. Zip2

Zip2 was a company that provided and licensed online city guide software to newspapers.
The company was founded in Palo Alto, California as Global Link Information Network in 1995, by
brothers Elon and Kimbal Musk and Greg Kouri. Initially, Global Link provided local businesses with
an Internet presence, but later began to assist newspapers in designing online city guides before
being purchased by Compaq Computer in 1999.

Net Worth:

As of January 2018, Musk has a net worth of $20.9 billion. Elon Musk is a workaholic and a

Work Style:

Musk kicks off his day bright and early, rising around 7 a.m. In a Reddit AMA, he said that he
usually gets six hours of shut-eye.

Musk usually skips breakfast. Occasionally, he will slow down long enough to grab a quick
coffee and an omelette.

Once he's up, Musk launches into a blistering schedule that breaks his time into a series of
five-minute slots. The entrepreneur has been known to work from 85 to 100 hours a week, and he
estimates that 80% of his time at work is spent on engineering and design.

No two days are the same for Musk. He spends Mondays and Fridays at SpaceX in LA. On
Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays, he heads to the Bay Area to work at Tesla. Quartz estimates
that he spends an average of 42 hours a week working at Tesla, and 40 hours a week working at
SpaceX. He also told Y Combinator that he usually spends about half a day working at artificial
intelligence non-profit OpenAI.

On the weekends, it's more of a toss-up. Sundays are usually spent traveling or staying at his
Bel Air mansion. On Saturday, he either works at SpaceX or spends time with his five young sons.

Multitasking  is a crucial part of Musk's strategy —  as is working for as many hours as


To keep his work day on track, Musk forgoes most phone calls. He also prefers to use an
obscure email address to prevent people from spamming his inbox.

He doesn't spend much time on meals. Musk usually takes his lunch during a meeting, and
manages to wolf it down in just five minutes.

To stay in shape, Musk usually hits the gym about once or twice a week.

Despite his busy life, he also carves out enough time to read. Some of his favorite titles
include fantasy classic 'The Lord of the Rings,' biographies of innovators like Benjamin Franklin and
Albert Einstein, and an obscure 87-year-old history book on famous adventurers called "Twelve
Against the Gods."

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Shrey D Thaker Roll No-59 21 January 2018

Awards Received:

▪ R&D Magazine Innovator of the Year for 2007 for SpaceX, Tesla, and SolarCity.

▪ Inc Magazine Entrepreneur of the Year award for 2007 for his work on Tesla and SpaceX.

▪ 2007 Index Design award for his design of the Tesla Roadster. Global Green 2006 product
design award for his design of the Tesla Roadster, presented by Mikhail Gorbachev.

▪ American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics George Low award for the most
outstanding contribution in the field of space transportation in 2007/2008. Musk was
recognized for his design of the Falcon 1, the first privately developed liquid-fuel rocket to
reach orbit.

▪ National Wildlife Federation 2008 National Conservation Achievement award for Tesla and
SolarCity. Other 2008 recipients include journalist Thomas Friedman, U.S. Senator Patrick
Leahy (D-VT), and Florida Governor Charlie Crist.

▪ The Aviation Week 2008 Laureate for the most significant achievement worldwide in the
space industry.

▪ National Space Society's Von Braun Trophy in 2008/2009, given for leadership of the most
significant achievement in space. Prior recipients include Burt Rutan and Steve Squyres.

▪ Automotive Executive of the Year (worldwide) in 2010 for demonstrating technology

leadership and innovation via Tesla. Prior awardees include Bill Ford Jr, Bob Lutz, Dieter
Zetsche and Lee Iacocca. Musk is the youngest ever recipient of this award.

▪ Listed as one of Time's 100 people who most affected the world in 2010.

▪ Recognized as a Living Legend of Aviation in 2010 by the Kitty Hawk Foundation for creating
the successor to the Space Shuttle (Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon spacecraft). Other recipients
include Buzz Aldrin and Richard Branson..

▪ In a 2010 Space Foundation survey, he was ranked as the No. 10 (tied with rocketry pioneer
and scientist Wernher von Braun) most popular space hero.

▪ In February 2011, Forbes listed Musk as one of "America's 20 Most Powerful CEOs 40 And

▪ In June 2011, Musk was awarded the US$250,000 Heinlein Prize for Advances in Space

▪ In 2011, Musk was honored as a Legendary Leader at the Churchill Club Awards.

▪ In 2012, Musk was awarded the Royal Aeronautical Society's highest award: a Gold Medal.

▪ Musk was the 2012 recipient of Smithsonian magazine's American Ingenuity Award in the
Technology category.

▪ In 2013, Musk was named the Fortune Businessperson of the year for SpaceX, SolarCity, and

▪ In 2016, The Drive, a division of Time, named Musk the most influential person in the car
business and as the second most influential person in the automotive tech sector.

▪ In June 2016, Business Insider named Musk one of the "Top 10 Business Visionaries Creating
Value for the World" along with Mark Zuckerberg and Sal Khan.

▪ In December 2016, Musk was ranked 21st on Forbes list of The World's Most Powerful

▪ In March 2017, Musk was listed by UK-based company Richtopia at number 3 in the list of
200 Most Influential Philanthropists and Social Entrepreneurs.

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