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98,92,95,87,96,90,65,92,95,93,98,94,93,93,98,89,93,89,86,69,105,92,89,93,112,95,105,94,90,98,

81,69,94,92,106 ,93,108,87,97,102.

DIAGRAMA DE TALLO HOJA

6 599

8 7996917

9 825602538433632354084237

10 55682

11 2

12

ORDENANDO DATOS

65,69,69,81,86,87,87,89,89,89,90,90,92,92,92,92,93,93,93,93,93,93,94,94,94,95,95,95,96,96,97,98
,98,98,102,105,105,106,108,112.

ENCONTRANDO # DE LA DISTRIBUCION

𝐿𝑜𝑔 𝑛 𝐿𝑜𝑔 40
𝐾 =1+ ; 𝐾 =1+ = 6.32
log 2 log 2
Tamaño de la muestra n=40
𝑅
Encontrando la amplitud 𝑊= DONDE R= 112 – 65 = 47
𝐾

47
ENTONCES 𝑊= = 7,43 ≅ 8
6.32

INTERVALOS INDICADOS

𝐸𝐷 = 𝐸𝐼 + 𝑊 − 1 = 68 + 8 − 1 = 72

I.I I,R F 𝑋 FR FR X 100 FAC FRA FAR X 100


3 68 3 15 3 15
64.5−72.5
65 −72 40 2 3 40 2
0 76.5 0 3
73 − 80 72,5−80.5
40 0 3 40 10
4 80.05 4 7 35
81− 88 80.5−88.5
40 10 7 40 2
23 92.5 23 115 30
89 −96 88.5−96.5
40 2 30 40 75
5 100.5 5 25 35 175
97 −104 96.5−104.5
40 2 35 40 2
5 108.5 5 25 40
1052 −112 104.5−112.5
40 2 40 40 100

65+72 89+96
𝑥= 2
= 68.5 𝑥= = 92.5
2

73+80 97+104
𝑥= 2
= 76.5 𝑥 = 2
= 100.5
81+88 105+112
𝑥= 2
= 80.5 𝑥= = 108.5
2
Medidas de tendencia central (Datos no agrupados)

Media aritmética
∑𝑛𝑖=𝐿 𝑥𝑖
𝑥=
𝑁
3705
𝑥=
40

𝑥 = 93

Mediana

𝑛 𝑛
Pc1 = Pc2 = +1
2 2

40 40
Pc1 = = 20 Pc1 = + 1 = 21
20 20

𝑉𝑝𝑐1+𝑣𝑝𝑐2 69+105
Me= Me=
2 2

Me = 87

Moda

Mo = 93
Medidas de tendencia central (Datos no agrupados)

∑𝑛𝑖=𝐿 𝑓𝑗 𝑥𝑖
𝑥=
𝑁
f.x
3698 204
𝑥= 0
40
322
2127
502.5
𝑥 = 92.46 542.5
∑ = 𝟑𝟔𝟗𝟖

Mediana

𝑛
−∑ 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑢𝑚 𝑛 40
Me = 𝑙𝑖 + ( 2 𝑓𝑐𝑚
)𝑤 𝑓𝑐𝑚 = 2
= 2
= 20

40
−7
2
Me = 88.5 + ( )8
23

Me = 93.02

Moda
∆𝑥1
Mo = 𝑙𝑖 + ( )𝑤 ∆𝑥1 = 𝑓𝑐𝑚 − 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑚 ∆𝑥1 = 𝑓𝑐𝑚 − 𝑓𝑑𝑐𝑚
∆1+∆𝑥2
16
M = 88.5 + ( )8 ∆𝑥1 = 23 − 7 = 16 ∆𝑥1 = 23 − 5 = 18
16+18

Mo= 92.26
Medidas de dispersión (datos no agrupados)

Rango
𝑅 = 𝑋𝑚𝑎𝑦𝑜𝑟 − 𝑋𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑜𝑟
𝑅 = 112 − 65
𝑅 = 47 Encontrando la desviacion adsoluta

|𝑥𝑖−𝑥| ∑𝑛
𝑖=𝐿 𝑥𝑖 3705
𝐷𝐴 = ∑𝑛𝑖=1 𝑥= = = 93
𝑛 𝑁 40

∑|𝑥𝑖 − 𝑥| = (28 + 24 + 24 + 12 + 7 + 6 + 6 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 3 + 3 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +
2+2+2+3+3+4+5+5+5+9
+12+12+13+15+19)
136
Entonces Da =
40

Da= 3.4
𝑛 ∑ 𝑥 2 𝑖−(∑ 𝑥 2 ) (40)(346689)−(37052 )
Varianza 𝑆 2 = =
𝑛(𝑛−1) 40(40−1)

140535
𝑆2 =
40(39)

𝑆 2 = 90.1

Coefficiente de variacion
𝑠
Cv = 𝑥100
𝑥
90.1
Cv = 𝑥100
93

Cv = 96.88
Medidas de dispersión (Datos agrupados)

∑𝑛
𝑖=1 𝑓𝑗|𝑥𝑗−𝑥|
MDM = MDM= |𝑥𝑗 − 𝑥| = 251.5
𝑛

251.5
MDM= MDM= 6.28
40

Varianza
𝑛 ∑ 𝑗𝑥 2 𝑖−(∑𝑛
𝑖=1 𝑓𝑗 𝑥𝑖)
2
𝑆2 =
𝑛(𝑛−1)

(40)(346689)−(3705)2
𝑆2 =
40(40−1)

𝑆 2 = 90.08 ; √𝑠 2 = √90.1
𝑠 = 9.49
𝑆
Cv = 𝑥100
𝑋
9.49
Cv= 𝑥100 ; Cv= 96.88
93
Medidas de posición (Datos agrupados)

𝒏
−∑ 𝒇𝒂𝒄𝒑
Pa = 𝒍𝒊 + (
𝟏𝟎𝟎
𝒇𝒄𝒑
)𝒘

𝑛𝑎 (40)(25)
a= 25 n = 40 ; 𝑓𝑐𝑝 = 100 = = 10 ∑ 𝐹𝑐𝑝 = 7
100
40𝑋25
−7
Q1= P25= 88.5 + ( 100
23
) 8

Q1= P25= 89.54

𝑛𝑎 (40)(10)
𝑫1= 𝑷10; a= 𝟏𝟎 ; 𝑓𝑐𝑝 = 100 = 100
=4 ∑ 𝐹𝑐𝑝 = 3
40𝑋10
100 −3
D1= p10= 80.5 + ( 4
) 8

D1= p10= 82.5

na (40)(70)
D7= P70; a= 70 ; fcp =
100
=
100
= 28
40X70
−7
D7= p70= 88.5 + ( 10023 ) 8

D7= p70= 95.80

na (40)(35)
P𝟑𝟓 ; a= 𝟑𝟓 ; fcp = 100 = = 14
100
40X35
−7
100
P35 = 88.5 + ( )8
23

P35 = 90.93

na (40)(65)
P𝟔𝟓 ; a= 𝟔𝟓 ; fcp = 100 = = 26
100
40X65
−7
100
P65 = 88.5 + ( )8
23

P65= 95.10
Medidas de posición (Datos no agrupados)
(𝑛 + 1)𝑎
𝐿𝑎 =
100

Q1= P25 a= 25 ; n = 40 ;
(40+1)(25)
𝐿25 = = 10.25
100

𝐷 = 𝑉𝑝11 − 𝑉𝑝10 = 90 − 89 = 1
𝑄1 = 𝑃25 = 𝑉𝑃10 + 0.25(𝐷)
𝑄1 = 𝑃25 = 89 + 0.25(1)
𝑄1 = 89.25

𝐷1= 𝑃10; a= 10
(40+1)(10)
𝐿10 = = 4.1
100

𝐷 = 𝑉𝑝5 − 𝑉𝑝4 = 86 − 81 = 5
𝐷1= 𝑃10= 𝑉𝑃4 + 0.1(𝐷)
𝐷1= 𝑃10= 81 + 0.1(5)
𝐷1= 𝑃10= 81.5

𝑫7= 𝑷70; a= 𝟕𝟎
(40+1)(70)
𝐿70 = = 28.7
100

𝐷 = 𝑉𝑝29 − 𝑉𝑝28 = 96 − 95 = 1
𝐷7= 𝑃70= 𝑉𝑃28 + 0.7(1)
𝐷7= 𝑃70= 95.7
P𝟑𝟓 ; a= 𝟑𝟓

(40+1)(35)
𝐿35 = = 14.35
100

𝐷 = 𝑉𝑝15 − 𝑉𝑝14 = 92 − 92 = 0
P35 = 𝑉𝑝14 + 0.35(0)
P35 = 92+0
P35 = 92

P𝟔𝟓 ; a= 𝟔𝟓

(40+1)(65)
𝐿65 = = 26.65
100

𝐷 = 𝑉𝑝27 − 𝑉𝑝26 = 95 − 95 = 0
P65 = 𝑉𝑝26 + 0.65(0)
P65 = 95+0
P65 = 95
Diagrama de caja (Datos no agrupados)

Q1= P25 a= 𝟐𝟓 ; n = 𝟒𝟎 ;
(40+1)(25)
𝐿25 = = 10.25
100

𝐷 = 𝑉𝑝11 − 𝑉𝑝10 = 90 − 89 = 1
𝑄1 = 𝑃25 = 𝑉𝑃10 + 0.25(𝐷)
𝑄1 = 𝑃25 = 89 + 0.25(1)
𝑄1 = 89.25

Q2= P50 a= 𝟓𝟎
(40+1)(50)
𝐿50 = = 20.5
100

𝐷 = 𝑉𝑝21 − 𝑉𝑝20 = 93 − 93 = 0
Q2= P50 = 𝑉𝑝20+(0.5)(0) =

Q2= P50 = 93+0

Q2= P50 = 93

Q3= P75 a= 𝟕𝟓
(40+1)(75)
𝐿75 = = 30.75
100

𝐷 = 𝑉𝑝31 − 𝑉𝑝30 = 97 − 96 = 1
Q3 = P75 = 𝑉𝑝30 + 0.75(1) =
Q3 = P75 = 96 + 0.75
Q3 = P75 = 96.75
RI = Q3-Q1 ; RI = 96.75-89.25 ; 𝑅𝐼 = 7.5
F1= Q1 – 1.5 (RI) F3= Q3 + 1.5 (RI)
F1= 89.25- 1.5 (7.5) F3= 96.75 + 1.5(7.5)
F1= 78 F3=108
a1= 81 a3=106

F1= Q1 – 2 (1.5) (RI) F3= Q3 +2 (1.5) (RI)


F1= 89.25- 2 (1.5) (7.5) F3= 96.75 + 2 (1.5) (7.5)
F1= 66.75 F3=119.25
Diagrama de caja (Datos agrupados)

𝑛
−∑ 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑝
100
Pa = 𝑙𝑖 + ( )𝑤
𝑓𝑐𝑝
𝑛𝑎 (40)(25)
a= 25 n = 40 ; 𝑓𝑐𝑝 = = = 10 ∑ 𝐹𝑐𝑝 = 7
100 100
40𝑋25
100
−7
Q1= P25= 88.5 + ( )8
23

Q1= P25= 89.54

Q2= P50
𝑛𝑎 (40)(50)
a= 50 n = 40 ; 𝑓𝑐𝑝 = = = 20 ∑ 𝐹𝑐𝑝 = 7
100 100
40𝑋25
−7
100
Q2= P50= 88.5 + ( )8
23

Q2= P50= 93.02

Q3= P75
𝑛𝑎 (40)(75)
a= 𝟕𝟓 ; 𝑓𝑐𝑝 = = = 30 ∑ 𝐹𝑐𝑝 = 7
100 100
40𝑋75
100
−7
Q3= P75 = 88.5 + ( )8
23

Q3= P75 = 96.5


RI = Q3-Q1
RI = 96.5-89.54 ; 𝑅𝐼 = 6.96

F1= Q1 - 1.5 (RI) F3= Q3 + 1.5 (RI)


F1= 89.54 - 1.5 (6.96) F3= 96.5 + 1.5(6.96)
F1= 79.1 F3=106.94
a1= 81 a3=105

F1= Q1 – 2 (1.5) (RI) F3= Q3 +2 (1.5) (RI)


F1= 89.54- 2 (1.5) (6.96) F3= 96.5 + 2 (1.5) (6.96)
F1= 68.66 F3=117.38
Sesgo (Datos agrupados)

Coeficiente de Karl Pearson


𝑥 → 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑜
3(𝑥−𝑀𝑒)
𝐴𝑠 =
𝑠
𝑥 = 93

𝑀𝑒 = 87
3(93−87)
𝐴𝑠 =
9.49 𝑆 = 9.49

𝐴𝑠 =1.89

Sesgo (Datos no agrupados)


3(93−87)
𝐴𝑠 = 𝒙 → 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒅𝒊𝒐
9.49
𝐴𝑠 =1.89 𝒙 = 𝟗𝟑

𝑴𝒆 = 𝟖𝟕

𝑺 = 𝟗. 𝟒𝟗
HISTOGRAMA

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
56.5 64.5-72.7 72.5-80.7 80.5-88.7 88.5-96.7 96.5-104.7 104.5-112.5

GRAFICA OJIVA
120

100 100

87.5
80
75

60

40

20
17.5
10
7.5
0 0
56.5 64.5 72.5 80.5 88.5 96.5 104.5 112,5
POLIGONO DE FRECUENCIA
70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
60 68 76.5 80.5 92.5 100.5 108.5