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PI 100

The life and Works of Rizal

Course Outline:

1. Making sense of the Rizal Bill

What was the logic behind the formulation of the Rizal Bill? Did it achieve what it set out to do? How do we make sense of it as UP students?

2. A critique of the Filipino nation, and nationalism

What is a nation? What are the principles behind nationalism? How natural is the Filipino nation?

3. The World in the 19 th century

a. Mercantilism vs. Laissez Faire

b. The Industrial Revolution

What were the conditions in 19 th century Europe from which the principles of nationhood emerged? How did they shape Philippine History?

4. The Philippines in the 19 th century

a. Social and Economic classes in the Philippines

b. The cultural milieu

What was the political and cultural backdrop from which Rizal’s nationalism was shaped? How did they contribute to elevating a ‘Filipino’ consciousness?

5. The Ancestry of Rizal

What was Rizal’s familial background? How did that shape the man?

6. The Education of Rizal

Who and what influenced Rizal’s mind? How did those lead him to think of the world the way he did? Can we see our own intellectual journey through Rizal’s experience?

7. The Travels of Rizal Part I

8. The Travels of Rizal Part II

What prompted Rizal to travel abroad? Which places did he go to and what did he do there? What did he see and how did those shape his own outlook, especially with regard to nationalism?

9. Rizal and the Propaganda Movement

What was the Philippine Propaganda Movement of the 19 th century? Why did it arise? What prompted Rizal to participate in that endeavor? Who was he with and what were their outputs? How influential was its contribution to Filipino nationhood?

10. The Deportation, Arrest, and the Trial of Rizal

Why was Rizal branded a criminal? How did he rationalize his exile and his arrest? What did he do in Dapitan and how was that significant to our study of nationalism?

11. The Execution of Jose Rizal

How did his trial and execution unfold? How did he defend his position against Spanish interrogation? What meanings do people today draw from the historical mysteries around the last days of Rizalwhy are things like his supposed retraction relevant to us presently?

12. Rizal and the concept of the Filipino Nation

How did Rizal define and perceive the Filipino, and Filipino nationhood? What evolutions took place in his understanding of the nation?

13. Rizal and the Philippine Revolution

What are the debates surrounding Rizal’s position on the Philippine Revolution? How did that influence, and how does that continue to influence the way in which Rizal is understood today?

14. The Artworks of Rizal

An exploration into Rizal’s output in the Visual Arts

15. The Written works of Rizal:

a. The Noli and the Fili

b. Rizal’s Annotation of Morga

c. The Philippines a Century Hence

d. On the Indolence of the Filipinos

What was Rizal trying to say in his works, especially drawing from the texts listed? What do they reveal about Rizal’s understanding of the Philippine nation, and vis-à-vis Spain? How do we contextualize Rizal’s writing in today’s modern, globalized world?


16. Critiques









What are some debates surrounding the ways in which Rizal is remembered? What positions can we take with regard to Rizal’s apotheosis as the Father of the Filipino nation?

17. Rizal’s Romantic Liaisons

Which women were romantically linked with Rizal? How are they relevant to our study of Rizal?

18. Conclusion


Guerrero, Leon Ma. The First Filipino. Guerrero Publishing, 2007 Ocampo, Ambeth. Meaning and History: The Rizal Lectures. Anvil, 2001 Ocampo, Ambeth. Rizal Without the Overcoat. Anvil, 1990 Quirino, Carlos. The Great Malayan. Philippine Education Company, 1958 Palma, Rafael. The Pride of the Malay Race. Prentice-Hall, 1949 Quibuyen, Floro. A Nation Aborted. ADMU, 1999 Constantino, Renato. Veneration Without Understanding. Foundation for Nationalist Studies, 1969

Grade Composition:

Class Attendance and Participation






Long Exams


Final Exam/Presentation


Class Protocols:

1. Please be aware that you are only allowed 6 absences in this course. You will incur deductions to your Class Attendance/Participation component for each absence.

2. If you are late for 30 minutes, I cannot consider your attendance. Try to come on time as our quizzes will be given at the start of the class.

3. If I am late for 30 minutes without prior information, you may leave without any worry about your attendance. You may worry instead about your love life.

4. Please refer to your class’ point person, or through our social media platform for any announcements.

5. Treat each meeting as potentially having a quiz. Take at least ten minutes the day before to read about the previous topic, and the succeeding topic. Really, it’s not that hard.

6. Pay attention to your quizzes and especially your long exams as they will bear most of the weight of your grades. I’m afraid if you miss a quiz, you really miss a quiz.

7. Please go old school and use a pen and paper for taking notes. Ditch your cellphones and laptops in our class. Anyone caught watching something like K-Pop videos in class will be sent to North Korea for reeducation.

8. I will post my lecture notes online after every meeting. Please remember that this is only for your referenceyou will still need to read from other sources. Feel free to share any interesting insights or information at our online group’s page. No ridiculous chain mails and the likes, please.

9. Please submit your assignments promptly. Your work will incur deductions if submitted late.

10. Please conduct yourselves accordingly in class. Imagine you are having dinner with his holiness the pope, the UN Secretary-General, and Rowan Atkinson after a Mr. Bean taping.

11. Any form of dishonesty (e.g. cheating, plagiarism, forging letters of excuse) will entail a failing grade. Moreover, I am obliged to file a case against you through the university.

12. Your opinion in how I handle the course is highly valued. Constructive criticism and suggestions are very much welcome. TV series spoilers are not.

13. Please feel free to discuss your thoughts without fear of being judged or ridiculed.

14. Please do not have any anxieties about approaching me if you want to discuss anything about the class clarifications, further discussion, etc. I am at your service.

15. Leave the world a little better than you found it.