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SIMPLE PIPE PRESSURE DROP CALCULATION - READ ME

Overview
This spreadsheet contains pipe pressure drop calculations for single phase fluids (either gas or liquid)
Friction factor is calculated iteratively using the Colebrook-White equation (which is the key equation used
well known Moodey Chart)
Preliminary pipe wall thickness calculations, lookup of standard industry sizes and erosional velocity check
included.

Liability
No warrantees are made with respect to the accuracy or applicability of the calculations in this spreadshee
The onous is on the user to verfiy that any results obtained are correct and appropriate for the work being

Copyright
This spreadsheet is the intellectual property of the authors, Samir Nazarov and Mubariz Fehruzov.
You are free to use it and distribute it however, you may not make it available for download from any webs
without prior written consent and you must not remove or obscure any notices regarding authorship. (Basi
don't steal or take credit for my work).

Contact
email: Mubariz.Fehruzov@socarmidstream.az
Samir.Nazarov@socarmidstream.az
Site visit: www.socarmidsteam.az
e fluids (either gas or liquid)
(which is the key equation used to generate the

zes and erosional velocity checks are also

e calculations in this spreadsheet.


d appropriate for the work being carrying out.

and Mubariz Fehruzov.


ble for download from any website
ces regarding authorship. (Basically
PIPELINE PRESSURE DROP CALCULATION (SINGLE PHASE - LIQUID)

BTC Pipeline
Notes

Fluid properties

Density 852 kg/m3 852 kg/m3


Viscosity 20 cP 2.00E-02 Pa.s

Pipeline dimensions

Length 203 km 203000 m


Diameter ✘ Nominal 42 in 1.067 m
Outer diameter (actual) 1067 mm 1.067 m
WT - calculated #VALUE! mm #VALUE! m
WT - overwrite mm 0.0000 m
Internal diameter #VALUE! in #VALUE! m
Roughness 0.1 mm 0.0001 m
Elevation change 233 m 233 m

Wall thickness calc…


Material yield strength X70 X70 4827 barg 482759 kPa(A)
Design factor 0.72
Weld joint factor 1.00
Temperature de-rating factor 1.00
WT c/- hoop strength 9.05 mm 0.0091 m
Corrosion allowance 0.00 mm 0.0000 m
WT + corrosion allow. 9.05 mm 0.0091 m

Pipe schedule #VALUE!


WT based on schedule #VALUE! mm #VALUE! m

Process conditions

Outlet pressure 11 bara 1100 kPa


Inlet temperature 30 'C 303 K
Volume rate 900000 bbl/d 1.6579 m3/s

Flow conditions

Velocity #VALUE! m/s #VALUE! m/s


Re #VALUE!
Flow regime #VALUE!
Friction Factor #VALUE!
Efficiency factor 1.00

Static dP 19.5 bar 1947 kPa


dP #VALUE! bar #VALUE! kPa
Inlet pressure #VALUE! atm(A) #VALUE! kPa
Checks

Erosional velocity (API 14E)


c factor 150
Gas/Liquid ratio 10 scf/bbl 0.00000 scf/bbl
Specific gravity - gas 0.8
Compressibility (gas) 0.9
Specific gravity - liquid 0.76
"Mixture density" #VALUE! kg/m3 #VALUE! kg/m3
Max. velocity #VALUE! m/s #VALUE! m/s
Max. velocity overwrite m/s 0.0 m/s

Sensitivities
Inlet pres s ure [atm (A )]

Rate
sensitivity
25%
50%
1.0 Nom. Diameter 75%
0.9 100%
0.8 36 in 125%
0.7 150%
42 in
0.6
42 in Diameter
0.5
sensitivity
0.4 42 in
0.3 -1
Basecase
0.2 0
Max vel.
0.1 exceeded 1
0.0 2
0 500000 1000000 1500000
Flow rate [bbl/d]
Nominal diameter?
Lookup value
Lookup column offset
Diameter index
Nominal diameter - inches
Closest diam index (non-st
Closest diam (non-std)

SCHD from lookup


WT from lookup
SCHD next size down
WT next size down
WT next size down

#VALUE!

#VALUE!
Sensitivity
Nom. Diam Out. Diam
--- m
sensitivity 36 in 0.9144
36 in 0.9144
36 in 0.9144
36 in 0.9144
36 in 0.9144
36 in 0.9144
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
sensitivity 42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
1
42
0
31
42.00 in
31
42.00 in

#VALUE!
#VALUE! mm
#VALUE!
#VALUE! m
#VALUE! mm
WT(min) Schdl WT(act) Int.Diam Rate Rate Velocity Re f
m --- m m bbl/d sm3/s m/s --- ---
0.0078 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 225000 0.41 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0078 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 450000 0.83 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0078 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 675000 1.24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0078 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 900000 1.66 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0078 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1125000 2.07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0078 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1350000 2.49 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 225000 0.41 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 450000 0.83 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 675000 1.24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 900000 1.66 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1125000 2.07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1350000 2.49 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 225000 0.41 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 450000 0.83 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 675000 1.24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 900000 1.66 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1125000 2.07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1350000 2.49 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 225000 0.41 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 450000 0.83 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 675000 1.24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 900000 1.66 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1125000 2.07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.0091 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1350000 2.49 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
dP Pin Pin Points > Pipe schedule lookup table dimensions
kPa kPa atm(A) max vel Nr standard diameters 31
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! Nr schedule sizes 13
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! Chart titles
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! Inlet pressure [atm(A)]
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! Flow rate [bbl/d]
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! Basecase point
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! x y
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! pt1 900000 0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! pt2 900000 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! pt3 0 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
PIPELINE PRESSURE DROP CALCULATION (SINGLE PHASE - GAS)

SCP Pipeline
Notes

Fluid properties

Pipeline dimensions

Length 249 km 249000 m


Diameter ✘ Nominal 42 in 1.067 m
Outer diameter (actual) 1067 mm 1.067 m
WT - calculated #VALUE! mm #VALUE! m
WT - overwrite 14.7 mm 0.0147 m
Internal diameter 40.84 in 1.0374 m
Roughness 0.00765 mm 7.65E-06 m
Elevation change 800 m 800 m

Wall thickness calc…

Process conditions

Outlet pressure 63.00 barg 6401 kPa(A)


Guess inlet pressure 73.83 barg ✘ Auto iterate 7484 kPa(A)
Inlet temperature 8.7 'C 282 K
Outlet temperature 6.5 'C 280 K
Volume rate 18.4 Mm3/d 212.96 sm3/s

Flow conditions

Velocity Inlet Outlet Average Inlet Outlet


z 0.89 0.91 0.90 0.89 0.91
Density 62.47 52.54 57.50 kg/m3 62.5 52.5
Volume rate (actual) 9.69 10.97 10.33 MMcf/d 3.176 3.594
Velocity 3.76 4.25 4.00 m/s 3.76 4.25

Flow regime
Re 1.8E+07
Flow regime TURBULENT
Friction factor #VALUE!
Efficiency factor 1.00

Static dP 4.51 bar 451 kPa


Frictional dP #VALUE! bar #VALUE! kPa
Inlet pressure #VALUE! bara #VALUE! kPa(A)

Checks

Erosional velocity (API 14E)


c factor 150
Liquid/Gas ratio 10 m3/Mm3 0.00000 bbl/scf
Specific gravity - gas 0.60
Specific gravity - liquid 0.76
"Mixture density" #VALUE! kg/m3 #VALUE! kg/m3
Max. velocity #VALUE! m/s #VALUE! m/s
Max. velocity overwrite m/s 0.0 m/s

Sensitivities
Inlet pres s ure [bara]

Rate
sensitivity
25%
50%
1.0 Nom. Diameter
75%
0.9
100%
0.8 36 in
0.7
125%
42 in 150%
0.6
0.5
42 in Diameter
0.4 42 in sensitivity
0.3 Basecase -1
0.2 0
Max vel.
0.1 exceeded 1
0.0 2
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
Flow rate [Mm3/d]
for 441 km of SCP elevation change 50m Nominal?
Constant
for 249 km of SCP elevation change 800m Lookup value
Lookup column offset
Diameter index
WARNING: WT overwrite is applied. Nominal diameter - inches
Closest diam index (non-st
Closest diam (non-std)

#VALUE!
1

Average
0.90
57.50 kg/m3
3.39 am3/s
4.00 m/s
#VALUE!

Sensitivity
Nom. Diam Out. Diam
--- m
sensitivity 36 in 0.9144
36 in 0.9144
36 in 0.9144
36 in 0.9144
36 in 0.9144
36 in 0.9144
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
sensitivity 42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
42 in 1.0668
1
42
0
31
42.00 in
31
42.00 in
WT(min) Schdl WT(act) Int.Diam Rate Rate P(in)guess z(in) r(in)
m --- m m Mm3/d sm3/s kPa --- kg/m3
0.0167 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5 53.24 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0167 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 9 106.48 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0167 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 14 159.72 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0167 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 18 212.96 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0167 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 23 266.20 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0167 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 28 319.44 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! 0.0147 1.037 5 53.24 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! 0.0147 1.037 9 106.48 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! 0.0147 1.037 14 159.72 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! 0.0147 1.037 18 212.96 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! 0.0147 1.037 23 266.20 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! 0.0147 1.037 28 319.44 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5 53.24 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 9 106.48 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 14 159.72 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 18 212.96 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 23 266.20 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 28 319.44 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 5 53.24 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 9 106.48 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 14 159.72 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 18 212.96 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 23 266.20 7484 0.89 62.47
0.0189 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 28 319.44 7484 0.89 62.47
r(out) vel(in) vel(out) Re f Pin Pin Points >
kg/m3 m/s m/s --- --- kPa bara max vel
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 0.94 1.06 4.46E+06 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 1.88 2.13 8.93E+06 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 2.82 3.19 1.34E+07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 3.76 4.25 1.79E+07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 4.70 5.32 2.23E+07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 5.64 6.38 2.68E+07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
52.54 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Pipe schedule lookup table dimensions
Nr standard diameters 31
Nr schedule sizes 13

Chart titles
Inlet pressure [bara]
Flow rate [Mm3/d]

Basecase point
x y
pt1 18.4 0
pt2 18.4 #VALUE!
pt3 0 #VALUE!
PIPELINE PRESSURE DROP CALCULATION - MOODEY CHART FOR FRICTION FACTOR

e/D
Moody friction factor chart
0.100
0.05

0.090 0.04
Friction factor

0.03

0.080 0.02
0.015

0.070 0.01
0.008

0.060 0.006
0.004

0.050 0.002
0.001

0.040 0.0008
0.0006

0.030 0.0004
0.0002

0.020 0.0001
0.00005

0.010 0.00001
Lookup

0.000
1E+02 1E+03 1E+04 1E+05 1E+06 1E+07 1E+08
Reynolds Number

Moody friction factor (c/- Colebrook-White equation solved by iteration)

e/D
Reynolds 0.00001 0.00005 0.0001 0.0002 0.0004 0.0006 0.0008 0.001
6E+02 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8E+02 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1E+03 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2E+03 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2E+03 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3E+03 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4E+03 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6E+03 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8E+03 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1E+04 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2E+04 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4E+04 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6E+04 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8E+04 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1E+05 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2E+05 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4E+05 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6E+05 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8E+05 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1E+06 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2E+06 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4E+06 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6E+06 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8E+06 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1E+07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2E+07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4E+07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6E+07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8E+07 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1E+08 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
e/D

0.05
Note that the Moody chart is
usually plotted with a non-
0.04
linear y axis scale so the shape
0.03
may look slightly different to
0.02 this chart. However, the actual
0.015 values are the same.
0.01
0.008
0.006
0.004
Friction factor lookup
0.002
0.001
Re 6.00E+05 600000 0.000
0.0008
e 0.05 mm 600000 #VALUE!
0.0006
D 160 mm 101 #VALUE!
0.0004
e/D 0.00031
0.0002
FF #VALUE!
0.0001
0.00005
0.00001
Lookup

1E+08

0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.01 0.015 0.02 0.03 0.04


#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.05
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! Critical zone between
#VALUE! laminar & turbulent flow
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
PIPELINE PRESSURE DROP CALCULATION - PIPE SIZES

Steel yield strength


Grade Yield stress
[psia] [kPa]
A25 25000 172414
A 30000 206897
B 35000 241379
X42 42000 289655
X52 52000 358621
X60 60000 413793
X70 70000 482759
X80 80000 551724

Pipeline basic design factor


Refer to the code (ASME B31.8) for more detailed factors which take account of road or rail crossings, parallel encroachment etc.
Location class & summary description
Class 1, div 1 - Wasteland, deserts, mountains, grazing land, farmland & sparsely populated areas. Hydrotest P
Class 1, div 2 - Wasteland, deserts, mountains, grazing land, farmland & sparsely populated areas. Hydrotest P
Class 2 - Fringe areas around cities & towns, industrial areas, ranch or country estates
Class 3 - Suburban housing developments, shopping centres, residential areas, industrial areas
Class 4 - Multistory buildings, high traffic density, numerous other utilities underground
Custom - Enter custom value in table on 'PipeData' sheet

ANSI B36.10

Diameter Wall thickness [mm] Schedule determines the wall thickness (not the pressure
Nominal Nominal Outside STAN- EXTRA XX SCHED. SCHED. SCHED.
[inches] [mm] [mm] DARD STRONG STRONG 10 20 30
0.125 6 10.3 1.73 2.41
0.25 8 13.7 2.24 3.02
0.375 10 17.1 2.31 3.20
0.5 15 21.3 2.77 3.73 7.47
0.75 20 26.7 2.87 3.91 7.82
1 25 33.4 3.38 4.55 9.09
1.25 32 42.2 3.56 4.85 9.7
1.5 40 48.3 3.68 5.08 10.15
2 50 60.3 3.91 5.54 11.07
2.5 65 73.0 5.16 7.01 14.02
3 80 88.9 5.49 7.62 15.24
3.5 90 101.6 5.74 8.08
4 100 114.3 6.02 8.56 17.12
5 125 141.3 6.55 9.53 19.05
6 150 168.3 7.11 10.97 21.95
8 200 219.1 8.18 12.70 22.23 6.35 7.04
10 250 273.1 9.27 12.70 25.4 6.35 7.80
12 300 323.9 9.53 12.70 25.4 6.35 8.38
14 350 355.6 9.53 12.70 6.35 7.92 9.53
16 400 406.4 9.53 12.70 6.35 7.92 9.53
18 450 457.2 9.53 12.70 6.35 7.92 11.13
20 500 508.0 9.53 12.70 6.35 9.53 12.70
22 550 558.8 9.53 12.70 6.35 9.53 12.70
24 600 609.6 9.53 12.70 6.35 9.53 14.27
26 650 660.4 9.53 12.70 7.92 12.70
28 700 711.2 9.53 12.70 7.92 12.70 15.88
30 750 762.0 9.53 12.70 7.92 12.70 15.88
32 800 812.8 9.53 12.70 7.92 12.70 15.88
34 850 863.6 9.53 12.70 7.92 12.70 15.88
36 900 914.4 9.53 12.70 7.92 12.70 15.88
42 1050 1066.8 9.53 12.70
48 1200 1219.2 9.53 12.70
56 1400 1422.4 9.53 12.70
Standard dimension ratios (SDR=D/t) for plastic pipe
9
11
13.6
17
17.6
21
26
33
s, parallel encroachment etc.
Factor
ed areas. Hydrotest P 0.80
ed areas. Hydrotest P 0.72
0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30

thickness (not the pressure class)


SCHED. SCHED. SCHED. SCHED. SCHED. SCHED. SCHED.
40 60 80 100 120 140 160
1.73 2.41
2.24 3.02
2.31 3.20
2.77 3.73 4.78
2.87 3.91 5.56
3.38 4.55 6.35
3.56 4.85 6.35
3.68 5.08 7.14
3.91 5.54 8.74
5.16 7.01 9.53
5.49 7.62 11.13
5.74 8.08
6.02 8.56 11.13 13.49
6.55 9.53 12.70 15.88
7.11 10.97 14.27 18.26
8.18 10.31 12.70 15.09 18.26 20.82 23.01
9.27 12.70 15.09 18.26 21.44 25.40 28.58
10.31 14.27 17.48 21.44 25.40 28.58 33.32
11.13 15.09 19.05 23.83 27.79 31.75 35.71
12.70 16.66 21.44 26.19 30.96 36.53 40.49
14.27 19.05 23.83 29.36 34.93 39.67 45.24
15.09 20.62 26.19 32.54 38.10 44.45 50.01
22.23 28.58 34.93 41.28 47.63 53.98
17.48 24.61 30.96 38.89 46.02 52.37 59.54

17.48
17.48
19.05
CONSTANTS & UNIT LOOKUP TABLES

DETAILS
Mubariz Fehruzov, Samir Nazarov
27/01/2017
Version 1

PREFIXES
Metric
Prefix long form value
m milli 0.001
c centi 0.01
k thousand 1000
M million/mega 1E+06
B billion 1E+09
T tera 1E+12
P peta 1E+15

Imperial
Prefix long form value
M thousand 1000
MM million 1E+06

BASIC CONSTANTS

Gas constant, R 8.31451 kPa.m3/(kmol.K)


Grav. accel. 9.80665 m/s2
MW (air) 28.964 kg/kmol

Standard T, P 15oC, 1atm 2


Std Pressure 101.325 kPa
Std Temperature 288.15 K
Molar Volume 23.645 m3/kgmol

Common definitions for Standard T, P

Temp Abs Pres Molar Vol


K kPa m3/kgmol
0oC, 1atm 273.15 101.325 22.414 (273.15K = 0'C
15oC, 1atm 288.15 101.325 23.645 (288.15K = 15'C
60oF, 1atm 288.71 101.325 23.691 (288.71K = 60'F
0oC, 100kPa 273.15 100 22.711
15oC, 100kPa 288.15 100 23.958
60oF, 14.73psia 288.71 101.560 23.636 (100.232kPa =

UNITS
Example
Click the unit cell then select required unit from the dropdown list
that appears

Length 10 in
0.254 m
0.000 mile

Temperature 15 'C
288.15 K
15 'C

Length
Base conversions
inches/foot 12 in/ft
feet/metre 3.281 ft/m
feet/mile 5280 ft/mi

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
mm = 0.001 m
cm = 0.01 m
m = 1 m
km = 1000 m
in = 0.0254 m
ft = 0.3048 m
mile = 1609.3 m

Area_small
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
mm2 = 0.000001 m2
in2 = 0.000645 m2
m2 = 1 m2
ft2 = 0.0929 m2

Area_large
Base conversions
hectare/km2 100 hct/km2 1 hectare is 100m x 100m
ft2/acre 43559.66 ft2/acre

Lookup table
Unit Metric Unit
km2 = 1 km2
mi2 = 0.6214 km2
hectare = 0.01 km2
acre = 0.0040468 km2

Volume
Base conversions
barrels/cubic meter 6.283 bbl/m3
in3/US gallon 231 in3/gallon
Litres/Imperial(UK) gallon 4.54609 L/gallon(UK)

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
mL = 0.000001 m3
cm3 = 0.000001 m3
L = 0.001 m3
m3 = 1 m3
in3 = 1.639E-05 m3
ft3 = 0.0283 m3 (35.31 ft3/m3)
bbl = 0.1592 m3
gallon (US) = 0.00379 m3 (264.2 gallon/m3)
gallon (UK) = 0.00455 m3 (220 gallon/m3)

Mass
Base conversions
pounds/kilogram 2.20462 lbl/kg
pound/ton (short) 2000 lbl/tn
pound/ton (long) 2240 lbl/ton

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
mg = 0.000001 kg
g = 0.001 kg
kg = 1 kg
tonne (metric) = 1000 kg
lbl = 0.454 kg
ton (short) = 907.2 kg
ton (long) = 1016.0 kg

Force
Base conversions
Force = mass * acceleration
Dyn 1.00E-05 N

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
N = 1 N
mN = 0.001 N
kg(f) = 9.80665 N 1kg * gravitational acceleration
lbl(f) = 4.44823 N
Dyn = 0.00001 N

Pressure
Base conversions
Pressure is force per unit area
Pa = N/m2 = kg.(m/s2)/m2 = kg/(m.s2)
kPa/Atmosphere 101.325 kPa(A)/atm(A) Atmospheric pressure at sealevel in
kPa/bar 100 kPa/bar
bara/Atmosphere 1.01325 bara/atm The atmospheric pressure in bar at
barg/Atmosphere 0 barg/atm
psia/Atmosphere 14.696 psia/atm(A) The atmospheric pressure in psi at
psi/bar 14.504 psi/bar

Lookup table
!!! Order is important - multiply first then add the constant !!!

Unit Multiplier Constant SI unit


Pa(A) 0.001 0 kPa(A)
kPa(A) 1 0 kPa(A)
kPa(G) 1 101.325 kPa(A)
X barg = X barg + atm P = Y bara;
MPa(A) 1000 0 kPa(A)
1 bar = 100kPa --> X barg = [100
MPa(G) 1000 101.325 kPa(A) X bara = (X - 1.013)barg * 100kPa/
bara 100 0 kPa(A)
barg 100 101.325 kPa(A) Converting to psia first would give
psia 6.895 0 kPa(A) [X psig + (14.5*1.013=14.7)] psia *
psig 6.895 101.325 kPa(A) or
atm(A) 101.325 0 kPa(A) X psig * (100/14.5=6.895) kPa(G) +
atm(G) 101.325 101.325 kPa(A)
kg/cm2(A) 98.0665 0 kPa(A) [kg/cm2 * (100cm/m)

Pressure difference
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
Pa = 0.001 kPa
kPa = 1 kPa
mbar = 0.100 kPa
bar = 100 kPa
psi = 14.504 kPa
atm = 101.325 kPa
kg/cm2 = 98.0665 kPa
mH2O = 9.80665 kPa

Temperature
Base conversions
Constant
Deg Celcius / Kelvin 273.15 oC/K
Fahrenheit 459.67 Rankine
Rankine/Kelvin 1.8 0 R/K

Lookup table
!!! Order is important - multiply first then add the constant !!!

Unit Multiplier Constant SI unit


'C 1 273.15 K
K 1 0 K
'F 0.556 255 K
R 0.556 0 K
Time_small
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
ms = 0.001 s
s = 1 s
min = 60 s
hour = 3600 s
day = 86400 s

Time_large
Lookup table
Unit "SI Unit"
hour = 0.0417 day
day = 1 day
month = 30.4 day
year = 365.25 day

Volume rate - Gas (standard conditions)


Lookup table
Select standard T, P from the in-cell drop down list

Unit Std T, P Multiplier "SI Unit"


sm3/s 15oC, 1atm 1 sm3/s
Nm3/h 0oC, 100kPa 0.000267 sm3/s
Mm3/d 15oC, 1atm 11.574 sm3/s
Mscf/d 60oF, 1atm 0.000328 sm3/s
MMscf/d 60oF, 1atm 0.328 sm3/s
Bscf/y 60oF, 1atm 0.900 sm3/s
kgmol/h 0.00657 sm3/s
lbmol/h 0.00298 sm3/s

Volume rate - Gas (actual conditions)


Lookup table
Unit "SI Unit"
am3/s = 1 am3/s
am3/h = 0.000278 am3/s
Mm /d
3
= 11.574 am3/s
Mcf/d = 0.000328 am3/s
MMcf/d = 0.328 am3/s

Volume rate - Liquid


Lookup table
Unit "SI Unit"
L/s = 1000 m3/s
L/min = 16.67 m3/s
L/h = 0.278 m3/s
L/d = 0.01157 m3/s
m3/s = 1 m3/s
m3/h = 0.002738 m3/s
m3/d = 1.15741E-05 m3/s
bbl/d = 1.842E-06 m3/s
k.bbl/d = 0.001842125 m3/s
gph (US) = 1.0515E-06 m3/s gallons/hour
gpd (US) = 4.38126E-08 m3/s
gph (UK) = 1.2628E-06 m3/s
gpd (UK) = 5.26168E-08 m3/s

Liquid - Gas Ratio


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
m3/Mm3 = 1 m3/Mm3
bbl/MMscf = 5.6207 m3/Mm3

Gas - Liquid Ratio


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
m3/m3 = 1 m3/m3
scf/bbl = 0.178 m3/m3

Mass rate
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
kg/s = 1 kg/s
kg/h = 0.000278 kg/s
t/d = 0.011574 kg/s
t/y = 3.17E-05 kg/s
lbl/s = 0.454 kg/s
lbl/h = 5.25E-06 kg/s

Velocity
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
m/s = 1 m/s
km/h = 0.278 m/s
ft/s = 0.3048 m/s
mi/h = 0.4470 m/s

Acceleration
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
mm/s2 = 0.001 m/s2
m/s2 = 1 m/s2
km/s2 = 1000 m/s2
in/s2 = 0.025 m/s2
ft/s2 = 0.305 m/s2
mi/(h.s) = 0.447 m/s2
mi/s2 = 1609 m/s2

Density
Lookup table
Unit SI unit
g/cm3 = 1.00E-09 kg/m3
kg/m3 = 1 kg/m3
lbl/ft3 = 16.018 kg/m3

Energy
Base conversions
Joules/(kgm2/s2) 1 J/(kgm2/s2)
Joules/Calorie 4.1868 J/Cal
Joules/BTU 1055.056 J/BTU

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
J = 0.001 kJ
kJ = 1 kJ
Cal = 0.0041868 kJ
kCal = 4.1868 kJ
BTU = 1.055056 kJ

Energy rate
Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
TJ/d = 1 TJ/d
PJ/y = 1000 TJ/d

Power
Base conversions
(BTU/h) / kW 3412.1 (BTU/h)/kW

Lookup table
Unit SI unit
W = 0.001 kW
kW = 1 kW
MW = 1000 kW
Hp = 0.746 kW
BTU/h = 0.00029 kW

Heating value (volume basis)


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
MJ/m3 = 1 MJ/m3
MJ/kgmol = 0.042292 MJ/m3
MJ/scf = 35.315 MJ/m3
BTU/m3 = 0.001055 MJ/m3
BTU/scf = 0.037259 MJ/m3
BTU/lbmol = 0.000098 MJ/m3
kcal/lbmol = 0.000390 MJ/m3

Heating value (mass basis)


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
MJ/kg = 1 MJ/kg
BTU/kg = 0.00106 MJ/kg
BTU/lb = 0.00233 MJ/kg
kcal/lb = 0.00923 MJ/kg
kcal/kg = 0.00419 MJ/kg

Heat capacity
Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
J/K = 1 J/K
BTU/'F = 1899 J/K
cal/'C = 4.187 J/K

Specific heat capacity


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
J/(kg.K) = 1 J/(kg.K)
J/(g.K) = 1000 J/(kg.K)
BTU/(lb'F) = 4187 J/(kg.K)
cal/(g'C) = 4187 J/(kg.K)

Thermal conductivity
Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
W/(m.K) = 1 W/(m.K)
BTU/(h.ft'F) = 1.731 W/(m.K)
BTU.in/(h.ft2'F) = 0.144 W/(m.K)
cal/(sm'C) = 4.187 W/(m.K)

Heat transfer coefficient


Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
W/(m2K) = 1 W/(m2K)
BTU/(h.ft2'F) = 5.678 W/(m2K)
cal/(s.cm2K) = 4.19E-04 W/(m2K)
kcal/(h.m2K) = 1.163 W/(m2K)

Dynamic (Absolute) Viscosity


Base conversions
Pa.s = 1 kg/m/s
Poise = 1 g/cm/s (Water has viscosity of ca. 1cP at 2

Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
cP = 0.001 Pa.s
Poise = 0.1 Pa.s
Pa.s = 1 Pa.s

Kinematic Viscosity Kinematic viscosity = Dynamic visc


Base conversions
Stoke = 1 cm2/s

Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
m2/s = 1 m2/s
St = 0.0001 m2/s
cSt = 0.000001 m2/s

Surface tension
Lookup table
Unit "SI unit"
T = 1 N/m
N/m = 1 N/m
mN/m = 0.001 N/m
lbl(f)/in = 175.13 N/m
dyn/cm = 0.001 N/m
73.15K = 0'C = 32'F; 101.325kPa = 1atm = 14.696psia)
88.15K = 15'C = 59'F)
88.71K = 60'F = 15.56'C)

00.232kPa = 14.73psia)
hectare is 100m x 100m
64.2 gallon/m3)
20 gallon/m3)

g * gravitational acceleration
mospheric pressure at sealevel in kPa

e atmospheric pressure in bar at sealevel is 1.01325 bar

e atmospheric pressure in psi at sealevel is 14.696 psi

barg = X barg + atm P = Y bara; eg. 1barg + 1.013 = 2.013bara


bar = 100kPa --> X barg = [100*(X barg + 1.013bar/atm)] kPa(A), or = [100*X + 101.325] kPa(A)
bara = (X - 1.013)barg * 100kPa/bar + 101.3kPa/atm = X*100kPa(A)

onverting to psia first would give the same result, ie.the following are equivalent:
psig + (14.5*1.013=14.7)] psia * (1kPa / 14.5psi) = kPa(A)

psig * (100/14.5=6.895) kPa(G) + 101.3 kPa/atm = kPa(A)

g/cm2 * (100cm/m)2] * (grav accel) = N/m2 = kg * (grav accel) /m2


ater has viscosity of ca. 1cP at 20'C (1.002))

nematic viscosity = Dynamic viscosity / Density for a Newtonian fluid