Sei sulla pagina 1di 5

Name: _________________________________________ Date:___________________________

Coke and Mentos—Lab Report GUIDE


Use this to make notes and write up your lab report on a separate sheet of paper! It is suggested
you type your final lab report up.
If you restate and answer each bullet, you will have a complete lab report!
You may go online and do more research, look up additional videos to get information. The Mythbusters did an experiment with
this lab as well. It can be found here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hKoB0MHVBvM&list=PLCCEB25E494282728

Expectations:
I expect that each and every one of you maintain discipline and respect to this learning
experience. I know that we are going to have a lot of fun and it is exciting, but we must
remember that we are in a learning environment and this is a wonderful learning
opportunity. We will be preforming this experiment out in the court yard that is visible to
other classes. They will be able to hear and see what is going on. We need to keep our
voices down so we do not disrupt their learning experiences in their classes. The students
that get out of line will face consequences.

 1. What is the scientific question being asked?___________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION- (write your final draft in paragraph form)

 2. What causes diet coke, or any soda to bubble? _________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

 3. What’s inside the bubbles in soda? _________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

 4. Why does soda ‘blow up’ if you shake it up then open it? __________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________
Background Information:

• Mentos are a candy with a slightly hard exterior and a soft, chewy interior.

Some of the chemicals in the candy are gelatin and gum arabic. These chemicals make the inside of the candy

chewy.

• Diet sodas contain caffeine, potassium benzoate, aspartame, & CO2 gas, among other chemicals. The CO2 gas is

pumped into the bottles at the soda factory and stays suspended in the liquid until the bottle is opened.

• Physical reactions or changes are those that affect the size, shape or color of a substance, but in which original

substances remain unchanged and no new substances are produced.

• Chemical reactions or changes are those that cause the rearrangement of the atoms of one or more substances,

resulting in the formation of new substances, often having entirely different properties.

When Mentos are dropped into soda, the gelatin and gum arabic in the candy dissolve and break the surface

tension of the liquid. This means that water molecules are pushed out of the way. When this happens there is

more room for the CO2 that is in the soda to make bubbles. Each Mentos candy has thousands of tiny pits all over

the surface. These tiny pits are perfect places for carbon dioxide bubbles to form. As soon as the Mentos enters

the soda, bubbles form all over the surface of the candy. This is called nucleation. The Mentos quickly sinks to the

bottom, creating more and more CO2 bubbles as it comes into contact with carbonated liquid along the way. The

sudden increase in pressure (from all the gas bubbles) pushes all of the liquid up and out of the bottle.

 5. Would the reaction of diet coke and Mentos be described as a chemical or physical reaction? Why or

why not? (what evidence do you have from your reading) ______________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________
 6. What is the hypothesis for this experiment? (If, Then statement…If (this happens), then (this will

happen) …) __________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

 7. What is the manipulated variable for this experiment? _____________________________________

 8. What is the responding variable for this experiment? _____________________________________

MATERIALS AND METHODS: (can be a list and numbered steps, make it clear and concise)

 9. What were the materials needed for this experiment? _____________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

 10. What were the steps for completing this experiment? (List the steps, be very clear yet concise!)

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

 11. What was the controlled variable for this experiment? (What did we do exactly the same for each?)

The control for this experiment is the _____________________and ______________________Mentos. This

system was used as the standard of comparison in considering the height of the spray of the soda caused by

adding Mentos.
 12. Describe WHAT we were measuring and HOW we made our observations. Make sure someone else

could read what you wrote and gather the same data) ___________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

RESULTS AND ANALYSIS,

 You will create and organize a data table (example below)

Soda Type Mentos Height Trajectory(how Duration(how Description/observation

Type (approximately did it shoot out- long did it (what did the soda look

how far did the straight up, off to spray?) like when it shot up?)

soda shoot the side?)

up?)

You will write a paragraph describing your data to the reader. Be sure to

include our vocabulary terms.

CONCLUSION (paragraph form)

 13. Restate what the hypothesis was for this experiment. ___________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________
 14. Does the data support or reject the hypothesis? (yes/no) ________________________________

 15. Which data –specifically- supported/rejected the hypothesis? How so?_______________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

16. What problems were encountered during the investigation and HOW they could be addressed in

future investigations? _________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

 17. How can the findings can be applied to the real world, AND/OR how do they add to the researcher’s

scientific knowledge. (see text box for help) ________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

18. What new questions or investigations did this experiment cause you to wonder about? (must include

one) _______________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

*CONSIDER THE FOLLOWING: you have learned or discovered ALL of this during the process of this
experiment
Diet Coke and all soda are made mostly of H 2O.
H2O molecules are ‘polar’ they stick together, that causes ‘surface tension’ and helps to trap in CO 2 gas.
H2O is a liquid at room temperature; CO2 is a gas at room temperature.
It doesn’t take much energy to release the surface tension between H 2O molecules which allows for the CO2 bubbles to expand.
If soda is to keep the CO2 mixed into the liquid, don’t shake or add any materials that would increase gas bubble formation.
Mentos Candies have thousands of tiny nooks and crannies in their candy coating that gives CO 2 gas a place to grow bigger
bubbles.
ALL THE SAME in this  Fizz in soda, CO2 gas, Carbon dioxide, Carbonation