Sei sulla pagina 1di 5


Four-stroke diesel engine

MAN Diesel & Turbo
The responsible way in leading technology

MAN Diesel & Turbo is the world’s leading designer and manufacturer of low and
medium speed engines. Our involvement with electrical power generators goes
back to 1904 when we supplied the first ever diesel generator sets to the Kiev Tram

Since those early days, MAN Diesel & Turbo has never lost its technological pre-
eminence in the large engine field. Likewise, our engines have never relinquished
their status as the most efficient combustion engines available.

More than ever before, MAN Diesel & Turbo’s development focus is on the environ­
mental performance of our engines. Using our unrivalled grasp of large engine
­technology, we aim to make our engines progressively cleaner, more powerful and
more efficient.

With our firm commitment to reducing emissions while increasing fuel efficiency
and power density, and with our active partnership with environmental institutions
and development banks, we intend to be part of the global emissions solution.

48/60 – Four-stroke diesel engine 3

Our Best-Selling Engine A Top Performer

Both economical and environmentally friendly, the 48/60 is a prime mover in the Stepped piston Sophisticated fuel injection
The forged dimensionally stable steel crown (with High-pressure injection with improved atomisation
truest sense. With a power output range of 9,450 to 18,900 kW, this reliable, high-
shaker cooling) is made from high-grade materials, ensures good combustion with any fuel quality. The
output engine is the four-stroke heart ­of medium and large diesel power plants the while the skirt is constructed from spheroidal graphite ­injection system has been designed for lower fuel
cast iron (skirt also available in steel upon request), to consumption and lower emissions.
world over. provide superior durability.
Connecting rod and bearing
Reliable power output Rugged engine block Both the stepped piston and fire ring prevent com- The marine head design, with a joint in the upper
The 48/60 engine can be run on heavy oil with a The engine is housed in a rigid monobloc frame, bustion residue accumulating on the piston crown shaft, allows piston overhaul without removal of the
viscosity up to 700 mm2 /s (cSt) at 50°C. It is ­designed ­further strengthened by continuous tie rods. These and cylinder liner. In combination with chromium connecting rod bearing. A low piston height also
for fuel qualities up to the levels specified in CIMAC run from the underslung main bearing to the top edge ­ceramic coating of the first piston ring and chromium makes overhaul easier. Optimised bearing shells in
2003 H/K700/DIN ISO 8217. In fact, the ­e ngine is of the engine frame, and from the cylinder head coating of the second and third piston rings, this the connecting rod increase reliability.
capable of continuous operation on heavy oil in an through the intermediate plate. ­minimises wear of the cylinder liner and reduces
output range of 20 per cent to 100 per cent. For brief ­lubricating oil consumption. Improved design
periods, it can even operate below 20 per cent. Cylinder liner with fire ring To make the 48/60 even better, the design has been
The thick-walled design provides high resistance Cylinder head and durable valves enhanced. Improvements include better combustion
For engines driving a generator, in accordance with to deformation, preventing cavitation. This leads to Designed for safe, high ignition pressures, the cylin- chamber geometry, a higher density ratio, and more
DIN ISO 8528-1, a 10 per cent overload is allowed for better piston performance and a longer service life. der head is equipped with effective bore cooling. All accurate injection and valve timing. All of these fea-
a brief period for governing purpose (e. g. suddenly Cooling at the top of the liner ensures uniform tem- valves are armoured to reduce wear, and the exhaust tures reduce fuel consumption and improve ignition,
applied load) to prevent frequency drop. perature distribution over the entire surface. valve seats are water-cooled. The exhaust valves even with poor fuel qualities.
have an exhaust-driven rotor, while the inlet valves
are rotated using rotocaps, keeping the valve seat

4 48/60 – Four-stroke diesel engine 48/60 – Four-stroke diesel engine 5

48/60 Technical Data

Top turbochargers SaCoS for enhanced safety Engine cycle: four-stroke General definition of diesel engine ratings ­according
The constant pressure turbocharging system uses On request, all MAN Diesel & Turbo medium-speed Turbocharging system: constant-pressure to ISO 30461/1-2002
state-of-the-art MAN Diesel & Turbo TCA series turbo- engines, including the L48/60, can be equipped with
chargers, with long-bearing overhaul intervals. Their the SaCoS safety and control system. This system is Number of cylinders Ambient conditions according to ISO 3046-1:2002
high efficiency at full and part loads ensures thorough tested at the factory together with the engine, mak- In-line engine: 9 The stated consumption figures refer to the following
combustion with low thermal stress and no residue. ing fine tuning and functional testing easier and V-engine: 12, 14, 18 reference conditions according to ISO 3046-1:
smoother when the power unit is commissioned. Bore: 480 mm
48/60 V-engines are charged by a single TCA turbo- Stroke: 600 mm n Ambient air pressure: 1,000 mbar
charger, with the advantage that the cylinders share Low exhaust emissions Swept volume per cyl.: 108.6 dm3 n Ambient air temperature: 25°C (77°F)
a single exhaust line. A new turbocharger module As with all MAN Diesel & Turbo engines, 48/60 en- n Charge air temperature: According to engine type,
with integrated intercoolers significantly reduces the gines comply with World Bank guidelines for ­exhaust Cylinder output (MCR) corresponding to 25°C cooling water temperature
engine centres between two adjacent V-engines. emissions. Even lower NOX emissions can be at 514 rpm: 1,050 kW before charge air cooler.
achieved to fulfil worldwide emission standards for at 500 rpm: 1,050 kW
Service-friendly design specific plants. The SFOC figures for engines in diesel operation are based on a
lower calorific value of the fuel of 42,700 kJ/kg.
A number of features make servicing the 48/60 easy: For example, engines can be equipped with MAN’s Cooling
n Hydraulic tools for tightening and loosening cylin- advanced selective catalytic reduction (SCR) tech- Cylinder cooling: cooling water Figures are given with a tolerance of 5 per cent, ­except for the lubri-­
cating oil consumption, which is given with a tolerance of 20 per cent.
der head nuts, and for the crankshaft and big-end nology. Charge-air cooler (two-stage): fresh water
bearings; The more thorough the combustion, the lower the Fuel injector cooling: fresh water
n Clamps with quick-release fasteners and/or clamp particle emissions. MAN Diesel & Turbo’s highly effi-
and plug connectors; cient engines produce particle emission rates well Starting method
n Generously sized access covers; below the World Bank guidelines, provided that fuel compressed air
n A practically maintenance-free sleeve spring vibra- with low ash content is used.
tion damper. Emissions
The engines comply with the World Bank
guidelines for thermal power plants.

6 48/60 – Four-stroke diesel engine 48/60 – Four-stroke diesel engine 7

Dimensiones y pesos

V48/60 motor diesel de cuatro tiempos



V48/60 motor diesel de cuatro tiempos L48/60 motor diesel de cuatro tiempos
L48/60 motor diesel de cuatro tiempos
Potencia de salida (máximo rendimiento continuo)

Motor (kW) Grupo electrógeno (kW)

9L48/60 9 cyl. 9,450 9,195 *
12V48/60 12 cyl. 12,600 12,310
14V48/60 14 cyl. 14,700 14,362
18V48/60 18 cyl. 18,900 18,465

50/60 Hz
# $
Velocidad del motor 500/514 rpm
Velocidad media del pistón 10.0/10.3 m/s
Presión media efectiva 23.2/22.6 bar
Eficiencia nominal del generador L-type: 97.3%, V-type: 97.7%

48/60 motor
Potencia calorífica del grupo electrógeno al 100% de la carga Consumo específico de aceite lubricante
Tipo de motor Nº de cilindros A (mm) B (mm) C (mm) W (mm) H (mm) Wt. (t)
kJ/kWh g/kWh
L48/60 (WB 1998) 7,812 L+V48/60 0.5 9L48/60 9 10,545 4,805 15,350 2,970 5,780 223
V48/60 (WB 1998) 7,605 12V48/60 12 9,835 4,950 14,785 4,700 6,250 273
L48/60 (WB 2007/2008) 7,899 14V48/60 14 10,835 5,150 15,985 4,700 6,250 314
V48/60 (WB 2007/2008) 7,779 18V48/60 18 13,148 5,410 18,558 4,700 6,530 375
Carga de referencia específica del tipo de motor Temperatura del aire antes del cilindro 37 °C Todos los pesos y dimensiones se aplican sólo a motores secos sin volante de inercia. Más información disponible a petición.

8 48/60 – Four-stroke diesel engine 48/60 – Four-stroke diesel engine 9