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Design of Splice ConnectionsDesign of Top Flange Splice – Splice 2 & 3 Top Flange Splice   Width

Design of Top Flange Splice – Splice 2 & 3Design of Splice Connections Top Flange Splice   Width x Thickness x Max Comp Stress Top

Top Flange Splice

 

Width

x

Thickness

x

Max Comp Stress

Top flange Force =

 

F

=

900

x

40

x

159.8

Top flange Force =

F

=

5754

KN

 

Use

28mm
28mm

thick splice plates on both sides,

 
 

=

28

mm

 

Bolt Grade

=

10.9

(Conforming to IS:4000 - 1992)

Dia of Bolts

=

24

mm

 

Ultimate Tensile Strength

Slip Factor

 

=

1000

Proof Stress

=

830

Mpa

Area of C/S of the Bolts

=

353

mm2

(IRC: 24 -2001, Page 95)

Proof Load

=

293

KN

Shear per Bolt:

=

0.3

 

=

125.6

KN

 

Diameter of Bolt Hole

 

=

25.5

mm

(Cl. 7.0, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Minimum pitch

Pmin

=

60

mm

(Cl. 7.3, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum pitch

Pmax

=

200

mm

(Cl. 7.4, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum gauge

Gmax

=

300

mm

Minimum Edge Distance

Emin

=

45

mm

(Cl. 7.5, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum Edge Distance

Emax

=

152

mm

(Cl. 7.5, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

No. of Bolts required on one side,

=

46

Provide

50

No. of Bolts on One side

 
Design of Bottom Flange Splice – Splice 2 & 3  

Design of Bottom Flange Splice – Splice 2 & 3

 

Bottom Flange Splice

 

Width

x

Thickness

x

Max Tensile Stress

Bottom Flange Force

=

F

=

2400

x

36

x

166.6

 

Bottom Flange Force =

F

=

14396

KN

 

Use

28mm
28mm

thick splice plates on both sides,

 
 

=

28

mm

 

Bolt Grade

=

10.9

(Conforming to IS:4000 - 1992)

Dia of Bolts

=

24

mm

 

Ultimate Tensile Strength

 

=

1000

Proof Stress

=

830

Mpa

Area of C/S of the Bolts

=

353

mm2

(IRC: 24 -2001, Page 95)

Proof Load Shear per Bolt:

=

293

KN

 

Slip Factor

=

0.3
0.3

Modified As per GC Comment

 

=

124.1

KN

 

Diameter of Bolt Hole

 

=

25.5

mm

(Cl. 7.0, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Minimum pitch

Pmin

=

60

mm

(Cl. 7.3, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum pitch

Pmax

=

200

mm

(Cl. 7.4, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum gauge

Gmax

=

300

mm

Minimum Edge Distance

Emin

=

45

mm

(Cl. 7.5, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum Edge Distance

Emax

=

152

mm

(Cl. 7.5, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

No. of Bolts required on one side,

=

116

Provide

132

No. of Bolts on One side

one side, = 116 Provide 132 No. of Bolts on One side Design of Web Splice

Design of Web Splice – Splice 1 to 4

Web Splice

MOI of Web in box (2 Nos web) Inclination angle of web Inclined depth of web

Thickness of web Shear due to inclination of web

I w

α

d

t

v1

inc

w

Shear Force calculation at Splice Loaction Shear due to Flexure (Unfactored)

=

2.63E+10

mm 4

=

13.966

degree

=

2189 mm

=

16 mm

=

V/cos(α)

 

Splice-1

Splice-2

DL

=

1111.650

370.553

kN

SIDL

=

715.453

264.017

kN

LL + IF

=

827.812

430.265

kN

St. Venant Torsional Shear (Unfactored)

 
 

Splice-1

Splice-2

DL

=

38.003

12.667

kN

SIDL

=

105.182

38.014

kN

LL + IF

=

162.778

80.184

kN

Total factored Shear Force at Splice loaction (on Inclined Web)

 

Splice-1

Splice-2

DL

=

1221.519

407.175

kN

SIDL

=

1137.133

417.704

kN

LL + IF

=

1296.442

664.112

kN

Total

=

3655.094

1488.991 kN

Bending Moment at Splice loaction (Unfactored)

 

Splice-1

Splice-2

DL

=

6924.938

14895.455 kN-m

SIDL

=

4228.463

9077.968

kN-m

LL + IF

=

4512.657

8799.012

kN-m

Bending Moment calculation at Splice Loaction

Bending Moment carried by Web

=

M*I w /I

(Unfactored)

 

Splice-1

Splice-2

 

DL

=

867.116

1865.156

kN-m

SIDL

=

333.582

716.159

kN-m

LL + IF

=

297.282

579.656

kN-m

Total factored Bending moment at Splice loaction

 

Splice-1

Splice-2

 

DL

=

867.116

1865.156

kN-m

SIDL

=

400.299

859.390

kN-m

LL + IF

=

327.010

637.621

kN-m

Total

=

1594.425

3362.168 kN-m

Web shear Capacity for 2 web of box girde

=

3655.094

KN

Web moment for 2 web of box girder

=

3362.168

KN - m

Eccentricity from center of splice to center of bolt

=

0.150

Bending moment due to web shear

=

548.264

m KN - m

Shear Due to 50% of material Spliced

=

2512.972

kN

Design Load for Splice Connection Web shear Capacity per web of box

=

2512.972

KN

Web moment per web of box

=

1955.216

KN - m

Use

16mm
16mm

thick splice plates on both sides,

 
 

=

16

mm

 

Bolt Grade

=

10.9

(Conforming to IS:4000 - 1992)

Dia of Bolts

=

24

mm

 

Ultimate Tensile Strength

Slip Factor

 

=

1000

Proof Stress

=

830

Mpa

Area of C/S of the Bolts

=

353

mm2

(IRC: 24 -2001, Page 95)

Proof Load

=

293

KN

Shear per Bolt:

=

0.35

 

=

146.5

KN

 

Diameter of Bolt Hole

 

=

25.5

mm

(Cl. 7.0, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Minimum pitch

Pmin

=

60

mm

(Cl. 7.3, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum pitch

Pmax

=

192

mm

(Cl. 7.4, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum gauge

Gmax

=

300

mm

Minimum Edge

Distance

Emin

=

45

mm

(Cl. 7.5, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum Edge

Distance

Emax

=

104

mm

(Cl. 7.5, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

 

No. Of columns on one side

 

=

3

Provided Gauge distance

=

75

Depth of Plate - A

=

1900

mm

 

y =

=

1000

mm

 

Bending stress at the level of Bolt

=

18.59

Mpa

Shear stress in Web

=

71.8

Mpa

Using

24

dia bolts,

 

In Double Shear

 

=

146.50

KN

In Bearing

=

126.95

KN

Using 3 rows of Bolts

 

n

=

3

 

pitch

p

=

321.2

mm

 

say

=

100

mm c/c

 

Total number of

rivets in one row

=

20

 

say

=

20

in no.

Design of Top Flange Splice – Splice 1 & 4  

Design of Top Flange Splice – Splice 1 & 4

 

Top Flange Splice

 

Width

x

Thickness

x

50% of Spliced Material/ Max Comp Stress

Top flange Force =

 

F

=

900

x

40

x

Max( 95.787, 120.9)

Top flange Force =

F

=

4352

KN

Use

25mm
25mm

thick splice plates on both sides,

 
 

=

25

mm

 

Bolt Grade

=

10.9

(Conforming to IS:4000 - 1992)

Dia of Bolts

=

24

mm

 

Ultimate Tensile Strength

 

=

1000

Proof Stress

=

830

Mpa

Area of C/S of the Bolts

=

353

mm2

(IRC: 24 -2001, Page 95)

Proof Load Shear per Bolt:

=

293

KN

 

Slip Factor

=

0.3
0.3

Modified As per GC Comment

 

=

125.6

KN

 

Diameter of Bolt Hole

 

=

25.5

mm

(Cl. 7.0, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Minimum pitch

Pmin

=

60

mm

(Cl. 7.3, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum pitch

Pmax

=

200

mm

(Cl. 7.4, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum gauge

Gmax

=

300

mm

Minimum Edge Distance

Emin

=

45

mm

(Cl. 7.5, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum Edge Distance

Emax

=

140

mm

(Cl. 7.5, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

No. of Bolts required on one side,

=

35

Provide

40

No. of Bolts on One side

 

Design of Bottom Flange Splice – Splice 1 & 4Bottom Flange Splice   Width x Thickness x 50% of Spliced Material/ Max Tensile Stress

Bottom Flange Splice

 

Width

x

Thickness

x

50% of Spliced Material/ Max Tensile Stress

Bottom Flange Force =

 

F

=

2400

x

36

x

Max( 83.034, 120.9)

Bottom Flange Force =

F

=

10446

KN

Use

25mm
25mm

thick splice plates on both sides,

 
 

=

25

mm

 

Bolt Grade

=

10.9

(Conforming to IS:4000 - 1992)

Dia of Bolts

=

24

mm

 

Ultimate Tensile Strength

Slip Factor

 

=

1000

Proof Stress

=

830

Mpa

Area of C/S of the Bolts

=

353

mm2

(IRC: 24 -2001, Page 95)

Proof Load

=

293

KN

Shear per Bolt:

=

0.3
0.3

Modified As per GC Comment

 

=

121.2

KN

 

Diameter of Bolt Hole

=

25.5

mm

(Cl. 7.0, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Minimum pitch

Pmin

=

60

mm

(Cl. 7.3, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum pitch

Pmax

=

200

mm

(Cl. 7.4, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum gauge

Gmax

=

300

mm

Minimum Edge

Distance

Emin

=

45

mm

(Cl. 7.5, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

Maximum Edge Distance

Emax

=

140

mm

(Cl. 7.5, IRS STEEL BRIDGE CODE)

No. of Bolts required on one side,

=

87

Provide

88

No. of Bolts on One side

 

Bolt Strength Required due to Torsional Shear in Bottom Flange87 Provide 88 No. of Bolts on One side   Splice 1 & 4 Calculation for

Splice 1 & 4

Calculation for force in bottom flange bolt due to torsion

Pitch

=

90

SPlice1

Guage

=

75

Torsional Shear in bottom flange

One side

 

DL

=

40.27

KN

Sr. No.

Pitch

Guage

Guage

SIDL

=

111.45 KN

 

LL+IM

=

172.48 KN

1

945

Total

=

324.20 KN

2

855

 

3

765

Shear in Each Bolt

F1 = F/n

=

3.68

KN

4

675

 

5

585

 

Rn

=

952 mm

6

495

∑Rn

=

29308950 mm2

7

405

e

=

187.5 mm

8

315

 

9

225

 

SPlice1

10

135

 

F2

=

1.974

KN

11

45

CosƟ

=

0.1182

Center

0

37.5

112.5

Resultant Force in each Bolt

F

=

4.380

KN

Splice 2 & 3

Calculation for force in bottom flange bolt due to torsion

Pitch

=

90

Splice 2

Guage

=

75

Torsional Shear in bottom flange

One side

 

DL

=

13.42

KN

Sr. No.

Pitch

Guage

Guage

SIDL

=

40.28 KN

 

LL+IM

=

84.96 KN

1

945

Total

=

138.66 KN

2

855

 

3

765

Shear in Each Bolt

F1 = F/n

=

1.05

KN

4

675

 

5

585

 

Rn

=

963 mm

6

495

∑Rn

=

45200925 mm2

7

405

e

=

262.5 mm

8

315

 

9

225

 

Splice 2

10

135

 

F2

=

0.776

KN

11

45

CosƟ

=

0.1946

Center

37.5

112.5

187.5

Resultant Force in each Bolt

F

=

1.422

KN

The resultant force due to torsion flow deducted from resultant shear force 146.5kN mention above in bottom flange splice connection detail.

DESIGNmention above in bottom flange splice connection detail. LOCATION OF Section Property DIAPHRAGMS INSIDE BOX AT

LOCATION

OF

Section Propertyforce 146.5kN mention above in bottom flange splice connection detail. DESIGN LOCATION OF DIAPHRAGMS INSIDE BOX

DIAPHRAGMS

INSIDE

BOX

AT

HOLE

mention above in bottom flange splice connection detail. DESIGN LOCATION OF Section Property DIAPHRAGMS INSIDE BOX

C/S area of Steel Girder : -

Center of Gravity: -

(From Base)

(From Top)

Moment of Inertia: -

Section Modulus: -

At Top Fibre - Location 2

At Bottom Fibre - Location 3

Moment of Inertia about Y - Axis

A.sg

Y

Y

b

t

I xx

Z

Z

t

b

Iyy

SUMMARY OF SECTION PROPERTIES:

 

2

=

47016

mm

=

1349.10

mm

=

846.90

mm

 

4

=

3.766E+10

mm

 

3

=

4.447E+07

mm

 

3

=

2.792E+07

mm

 

4

=

3.818E+08

mm

 

Steel Only

 

Area

47016

Y* (From Base)

1349.100

 

I xx

3.766E+10

 

I yy

3.82E+08

Z

1(A-A)

-

Z

2(B-B)

4.447E+07

Z

3(C-C)

2.792E+07

- Z 2(B-B) 4.447E+07 Z 3(C-C) 2.792E+07 BM and SF Diagrams BM and SF in Service

BM and SF Diagrams

BM and SF in Service Condition

3(C-C) 2.792E+07 BM and SF Diagrams BM and SF in Service Condition Bending Moment Diagram (t-m)

Bending Moment Diagram (t-m)

3(C-C) 2.792E+07 BM and SF Diagrams BM and SF in Service Condition Bending Moment Diagram (t-m)

Shear Force Diagram (t)

BM and SF in Lifting Condition

BM and SF in Lifting Condition Bending Moment Diagram (t-m) Shear Force Diagram (t) Summary of

Bending Moment Diagram (t-m)

BM and SF in Lifting Condition Bending Moment Diagram (t-m) Shear Force Diagram (t) Summary of
BM and SF in Lifting Condition Bending Moment Diagram (t-m) Shear Force Diagram (t) Summary of

Shear Force Diagram (t)

Summary of BM and SF

SUMMARY OF SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENT FOR SERVICE CONDITION

Factored SLS Moment (Sagging)

=

1785

kN-m

From Staad

Factored SLS Moment (Hogging)

=

1952

kN-m

From Staad

Factored SLS Shear

=

2443

kN

From Staad

SUMMARY OF SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENT FOR LIFTING CONDITION

Factored SLS Moment (Sagging)

=

245

kN-m

From Staad

Factored SLS Moment (Hogging)

=

3777

kN-m

From Staad

Factored SLS Shear

=

2443

kN

From Staad

SUMMARY OF SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENT

 

Factored SLS Moment (Sagging)

=

1785

kN-m

Factored SLS Moment (Hogging)

=

3777

kN-m

Factored SLS Shear

=

2443

kN

Stress Check Calculation of Stresss: - For Sagging moment Bending moment Stress in top fibre

Stress Check

Calculation of Stresss: -

For Sagging moment

Bending moment Stress in top fibre Strss in bottom fibre

For Hogging moment

Bending moment Stress in top fibre Strss in bottom fibre

-ve compression

M

M/Z

M/Z

2(B-B)

3(C-C)

M

M/Z

M/Z

2(B-B)

3(C-C)

&

+ve tension

=

1785

kN-m

=

-40.15

Mpa

=

63.95

Mpa

=

3777

kN-m

=

84.93

Mpa

=

-135.29

Mpa

Check for Stresses at Serviceability Limit State: -

CASE

LOCATION

STRESS

PERMISSIBLE STRESS

CHECK

 

Top of Steel

-40.1

-241.8

OK

Sagging

I

- Girder

Moment

Bottom of I - Girder

64.0

241.8

OK

CASE

LOCATION

STRESS

PERMISSIBLE STRESS

CHECK

 

Top of Steel

84.9

241.8

OK

Hogging

I

- Girder

moment

Bottom of I - Girder

-135.3

-241.8

OK

DESIGN OF MEMBER TRANFERING SEISMIC FORCE TO SHEAR KEYLongitudinal Member Forces Calculation Load From Superstructure DL = 6202 kN   SIDL = 3458

Longitudinal MemberDESIGN OF MEMBER TRANFERING SEISMIC FORCE TO SHEAR KEY Forces Calculation Load From Superstructure DL =

Forces Calculation Load From Superstructure

DL

=

6202 kN

 

SIDL

=

3458 kN

LL

=

0

kN

(50% LL)

Seismic Coefficient

=

0.3

Seismic Force

=

2898 kN

 

No of shear key

=

2

Horizontal Force in Each Shear Key

HT

=

1449

kN

Size of Elstomeric Pad

length

A

=

600 mm

 

width

B

=

720 mm

Weld Size Calculation

UDL on Plate

w

=

2415 kN/m

Spacing of stiffeners

S

=

260 mm

 
UDL on Plate w = 2415 kN/m Spacing of stiffeners S = 260 mm   Bending

Bending Moment Diagram (kN-m)

Max Moment at stiffener edge

Size of Weld

Coefficient for throught thk.

Throught Thickness

Length of Weld single side

Effective length of weld single side

8

8

Section modules weld

Bending stress in weld

Bearing stress in weld

 

M

=

14.06

kN-m

a

=

8 mm

 

k

=

0.7 mm

k x a

=

5.6 mm

L

=

600 mm

L

=

584 mm

 

Weld

 

20

Stiffener size

 
 

Weld

 

Z W

=

634226.3 mm^3

 

σ b

=

M/Z W

 

=

22.16 Mpa

 
 

σ bea

=

HT/(AxB)

 

=

3.35 Mpa

 
 

σ e

=

( σb^2 + σbea^2 )^0.5

 

=

22.41

 

τ

=

100 Mpa

 

>

 

=

OK

 
 

Z p

 

=

160000 mm^3

σ

b

=

M/Z p

 

=

87.84 Mpa

 

<

 

P/A

=

235.6

MPa

40

plate

Combined stress in weld

Permissible stress in weld for field

Size of plate

Check

Section modules of

Bending stress in plate

Permissible Value

22.41

Mpa

Plate for shear key

OK

Check Section modules of Bending stress in plate Permissible Value 22.41 Mpa Plate for shear key

Reaction Diagram (kN)

Check For Shear for Stiffeners

Total shear in steel web section (single Stiffeners)

Resultant vertical shear due to inclination of web V =

Thickness of Stiffeners

Depth of Stiffeners

Stiffeners spacing provided

t w

d wi

=

74.39 t

=

74.4 t

=

25 mm

=

600 mm

=

260 mm c/c

=

0.433 d

Permissible Shear stress depending on the d/t ratio and Stiffener distance

 

d/t

=

24.00

From

Table

8.8 of

IRC:24 -

2001

tva.1

=

160 Mpa

 

From

Table

6.2 of

IRC:24 - 2001

tva.2

=

144.4 Mpa

Therefore, Allowable Shear Stress

tva

=

144.4

Mpa

(Min of tva.1 and tva.2)

Shear Stress due to flexure shear tvs1 = v1/(d iw xt w )

=

48.7

Mpa

<tva

TRUE

i w xt w ) = 48.7 Mpa <tva TRUE Transverse Member Forces Calculation Load From

Transverse Member

Forces Calculation Load From Superstructure

DL

=

6202 kN

 

SIDL

=

3458 kN

LL

=

1570

kN

(50% LL)

Seismic Coefficient

=

0.3

Seismic Force

=

3369 kN

 

No of shear key

=

4

Horizontal Force in Each Shear Key

HT

=

842.23

kN

Size of Elstomeric Pad

length

A

=

600 mm

width

B

=

624 mm

Weld Size Calculation

UDL on Plate

w

=

1404 kN/m

Spacing of stiffeners

S

=

170 mm

1404 kN/m Spacing of stiffeners S = 170 mm Bending Moment Diagram (kN-m) Max Moment at

Bending Moment Diagram (kN-m)

Max Moment at stiffener edge

Size of Weld

Coefficient for throught thk.

Throught Thickness

Length of Weld single side

Effective length of weld single side

8

8

Section modules weld

Bending stress in weld

M

=

3.38

kN-m

a

=

8 mm

 

k

=

0.7 mm

k x a

=

5.6 mm

L

=

600 mm

L

=

584 mm

 

Weld

 

25

Stiffener size

 

Weld

Z W

=

635784.9

mm^3

σ b

=

M/Z W

=

5.32 Mpa

 

Bearing stress in weld

Combined stress in weld

Permissible stress in weld for field

Size of plate

Check 40
Check
40

Section modules of plate

Bending stress in plate

Permissible Value

σ bea

=

HT/(AxB)

=

2.25 Mpa

σ e

=

=

5.77

τ

=

100 Mpa

=

OK

Z p

=

160000 mm^3

σ

b

=

M/Z p

 

=

21.13 Mpa

( σb^2 + σbea^2 )^0.5

>

5.77

Plate for shear key

P/A

=

<

235.6

MPa

OK

Mpa

> 5.77 Plate for shear key P/A = < 235.6 MPa OK Mpa Check For Shear

Check For Shear for Stiffeners

Reaction Diagram (kN)

Total shear in steel web section (single Stiffeners)

Resultant vertical shear due to inclination of web V =

Thickness of Stiffeners

Depth of Stiffeners

Stiffeners spacing provided

t w

d wi

=

24.32 t

=

24.3 t

=

25 mm

=

600 mm

=

170 mm c/c

=

0.283 d

Permissible Shear stress depending on the d/t ratio and Stiffener distance

 

d/t

=

24.00

From

Table

8.8 of

IRC:24 -

2001

tva.1

=

160 Mpa

 

From

Table

6.2 of

IRC:24 - 2001

tva.2

=

144.4 Mpa

Therefore, Allowable Shear Stress

tva

=

144.4

Mpa

(Min of tva.1 and tva.2)

Shear Stress due to flexure shear tvs1 = v1/(d iw xt w )

=

15.9

Mpa

<tva

TRUE