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Semester i,
Session 201312014
Test 1

30 October 2013

This is a closed book test. Answer all seven (7) questions. Time: 10.00-11.00 am

I ) For the following quegtions, select the correct answer from the square brackets.
,A minutes and it's wavelength is 2 metres, its frequency is t 120 | 80 L2 | 1
Uffiffi$T*: |

b) A digital transmission to send 3 data bits in one qignll requires

O z t : t + N g t ro I voltage

,yl If A transmits data at 1 Kbps and B receives 30 extra bits inute, the clocks of A and B are not
in synchronization by I 1y, l
\/d ] allows signals to travel

Carrier waves arc not required for I

Modulation I Phase Modulation l.
If we multiplex input lines of 200 bps, 100 bps and 90 Synchronous Time Division
Multiplexing (TDM), the output bit rate is [ 90 I 100 I 200 600 I bps.
o\ To multiplex input lines with bandwidths of 400
Ha,200 Hz, 100 Hz and 90 Hz using Frequency
',9' Division Multiplexing (FDM), we need
\-/ I different
carrier frequencies.
!/- output frame is always the same size in J
pnu I Wnu]l stutirti"ut rnu 1.

i) ys transmitting at their respective bit rates, I FDM I

I will produce the output frame.

V: il/
P ropagation of different beams is almost identical in
multimode graded index l fiber optic cable.

( 201100 )

2) Show the signals generated when we transmit 0 1 I 0 1001 0 1 using the following techniques.
_e) NRZ-L.
(S Oiff"rential Manchester.
Xssume line voltage is at low level before these bits are transmitted.
( 1s/100 )
3) The commonly used network topologies are mesh, star, bus and ring.
a) Which topology (or topologies) uses point-point connections?
b) Which topology (or topologies) uses multi-point connections?
c) Which topology uses the most amount of cables (to connect a fixed number of nodes)? Explain
your answer.
d) Which topology uses the least amount of cables (to connect a fixed number of nodes)? Explain
your answer.
e) Which topology is the most suitable for transmitting highly confidential data between nodes?
Explain your answer.
( 10/100 )

4) What is the main difference between Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) and Delta Modulation (DM)
techniques? Use example to explain your answer.
( 10/100 )

5) Assume we need to transmit 1011010010 using analog signals.

a) Describe one method of how this can be done.
b) Show the analog signals produced.
( lsl100 )

6) Two common multiplexing techniques are Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM) and Wavelength
Division Multiplexing (WDM).
a) What is the main purpose of multiplexing?
b) Give one (1) similarity and one (l) difference between FDM and WDM.
c) Is coaxial cable suitable for both techniques? Explain your answer.
d) Are carrier waves required for both techniques? Explain your answer.
( 20l100 )

7) Briefly explain how the following transmission media deal with external noise.
a) Unshielded twisted pair cables.
b) .Coaxial cables.
c) Fiber optic cables.
( 10/100 )