Sei sulla pagina 1di 2

# =r--

ffiil\$\$ti
UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA
SCHOOL OF COMPUTER SCIENCES

## CST231/CSM331 - DATA COMMUNTCATION & NETWORKS

Semester i,
Session 201312014
Test 1

30 October 2013

This is a closed book test. Answer all seven (7) questions. Time: 10.00-11.00 am

I ) For the following quegtions, select the correct answer from the square brackets.
,A minutes and it's wavelength is 2 metres, its frequency is t 120 | 80 L2 | 1
Uffiffi\$T*: |

## b) A digital transmission to send 3 data bits in one qignll requires

O z t : t + N g t ro I voltage
Ievels.

,yl If A transmits data at 1 Kbps and B receives 30 extra bits inute, the clocks of A and B are not
in synchronization by I 1y, l
\/d ] allows signals to travel

## Carrier waves arc not required for I

Modulation I Phase Modulation l.
"/
If we multiplex input lines of 200 bps, 100 bps and 90 Synchronous Time Division
Multiplexing (TDM), the output bit rate is [ 90 I 100 I 200 600 I bps.
o\ To multiplex input lines with bandwidths of 400
Ha,200 Hz, 100 Hz and 90 Hz using Frequency
',9' Division Multiplexing (FDM), we need
I
\-/ I different
carrier frequencies.
!/- output frame is always the same size in J
pnu I Wnu lCfln.il-lgnoilil]l stutirti"ut rnu 1.

## I will produce the output frame.

V: il/
'/
P ropagation of different beams is almost identical in
multimode graded index l fiber optic cable.

( 201100 )

2) Show the signals generated when we transmit 0 1 I 0 1001 0 1 using the following techniques.
_e) NRZ-L.
(S Oiff"rential Manchester.
Xssume line voltage is at low level before these bits are transmitted.
( 1s/100 )
3) The commonly used network topologies are mesh, star, bus and ring.
a) Which topology (or topologies) uses point-point connections?
b) Which topology (or topologies) uses multi-point connections?
c) Which topology uses the most amount of cables (to connect a fixed number of nodes)? Explain
d) Which topology uses the least amount of cables (to connect a fixed number of nodes)? Explain
e) Which topology is the most suitable for transmitting highly confidential data between nodes?
( 10/100 )

4) What is the main difference between Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) and Delta Modulation (DM)
( 10/100 )

## 5) Assume we need to transmit 1011010010 using analog signals.

a) Describe one method of how this can be done.
b) Show the analog signals produced.
( lsl100 )

6) Two common multiplexing techniques are Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM) and Wavelength
Division Multiplexing (WDM).
a) What is the main purpose of multiplexing?
b) Give one (1) similarity and one (l) difference between FDM and WDM.