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Soekarno

Soekarno was born in Surabaya, on June 6, 1901, and named as Koesno Sosrodihardjo,
however he was often sick so that his parents changed his name into Soekarno. Many people
adored him because he had many special characteristics. He was charismatic and he made
many people grace him. His parents were teachers who had huge influence. They were Raden
Soekemi Sosrodihardjon and Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. Soekarno had many wives. They are
Oetari, Inggit Ganarsih, Fatmawati, Hartini, Kartini Manoppo, Ratna Sari Dewi, Haryati,
Yurike Sanger, and Heldy Djafar. Fatmawati gave him five children. They are Megawati
Soekarno Putri, Sukmawati Soekarno Putri, Rachmawati Soekarno Putri, Guntur Soekarno
Putra and Guruh Soekarno Putra.

Soekarno went to primary school in Mojokerto and after that he continued to high school in
Surabaya. There were many advantages by having education in Surabaya. One of those was
he knew many figures who had reformist soul and they were willing to struggle for
Indonesia’s independence. After he graduated from high school, he continued his study in
Bandung. At that era, he chose Netherlands engineering school or now it is well-known as
ITB (Bandung Intitute of Technology).

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After he finished his study, Soekarno realized and became more concerned in the struggle to
reach the independence of Indonesia. The history noted that his effort was hard and he often
dealt with law. Soekarno also establish a party named Indonesian National Party on July 4,
1927. The purpose of this party was to free Indonesia from Netherlands colonial government.
Due to his bravery, the colonial government arrested him and he was jailed in Suka Miskin,
on December 1929. He was free from the jail in 1931.

Nevertheless, his struggle came true than on August 17, 1945, Soekarno and Moh. Hatta
declared the independence and freedom of Indonesia. This declaration of independence
brought them together to be the first president and vice president of Indonesia. During his
presidency, Soekarno faced many problems. He focused in building the image of Indonesia to
eyes of the world. Soekarno also got many awards. One of them was a doctor title from 26
universities in Indonesia and the other countries, such as Gajah Mada University, Indonesia
University, Bandung Institue of Technology, Padjadjaran University, Hasanuddin University,
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Jakarta, Columbia University (Amerika Serikat), Berlin
University (Jerman), Lomonosov University (Rusia) and Al-Azhar University (Mesir).
President Soekarno also gave many ideas to the international world. He felt empathically to
help the countries in Africa which had not got their independence yet, therefore he initiated to
hold a conference of Asia-Africa in Bandung in 1955.

Soekarno had to step back in 1967. After his presidency period, he spent his time in Bogor
Palace. Day by day, his health became worsen so that he had to get care from president’s
doctor team. He passed away on June 20, 1970, in Jakarta. Soekarno is well-know as the
founding Father of Indonesia. He was given a title as proclamation here. The story of
Soekarno was filmed by Hanung Bramantyo with title
“Soekarno : Indonesia Merdeka”.
SUMPAH PEMUDA

October 28,1928 , that's the memorial day of indonesian history.the people of indonesian make an
oath to be one nation, one country, and one language. it is become the jumping point of indonesia
independence. they become one to strengthen them self to out of the colonialism.

nowadays...., it seems like the meaning of the day was almost gone. young people more selfish,
some of them do not like their own country.moreover to like another country attainments.

but some of them are realized that this is a huge country to maintain. they do the best to make this
country popular outside. they do it with their works in every aspect. and i believe , this will make
indonesia not being underestimated by another country, because , we are strong, we are united, and
we are indonesian.

this is the conversation between me and my grandpa.it's about what we called "SUMPAH PEMUDA".

me : granpa, i wanna now something about "sumpah pemuda".did you remember that history?

granpa: of course i did. i was at there when all the young people from every island of indonesia were
gathering together and make and oath to be one nation, one country and one language, indonesian
language.

me : wowww, that's cool. sooo, what did you do there?

granpa : we have the meeting, to make a way, how to out of the colonialism at that year.
so, we didn't to be a donkey , which they can be fooled way all the time , and we are united, try to
strengthen ourself to make a change in the right chance. that was the the jumping point for
indonesia independence. i think young people right now didn't understand about that.

me : but we did. we fill it right now with our own way. we use our skill to make indonesia have more
respect. me myself did it with teach my friend from another country indonesian language. that's the
easy way right?

grandpa : that's great, i salute you. just go for it, make another people also proud to indonesian.

me : ok grandpa. thanks for sharing.


R.A. KARTINI
Once upon a time, in the city of Jepara, there was born a beautiful baby from
javanese royal family. Her name is Kartini who has a long name Raden Adjeng
Kartini , she is the daughter of a duke who later became regent of Jepara, Raden
Mas Adipati Ario Sosroningrat. The mother of Kartini is Ngasirah, the first wife of
Sosroningrat who worked as a teacher in a school at Telukawur, Jepara.

Kartini's Father: “My wife, look at our child, she is so beautiful, she is like you."
Kartini's Mother: "Yes she is so charming, may God makes her loyal to their family
and useful for a lot of people.”
Kartini's Father: "Definitely my wife, she would be useful for many people"

Little Kartini grew into a cheerful girl, she played with other like she grew up in
royal family. When he was 12 years old, she was prohibited from continuing his
studies in Europese Lagere School (ELS) where she also learned Dutch. The
prohibition to pursue the ideals of her schooling comes from her closest person, her
father, because at the time she was a girl who was 12 years old and she must
undergo seclusion/ “dipingit”.

Kartini: “May I apologize my father for disturbing you, I want to ask something for
you.”
Kartini's Father: "it's okay my dear, what do you want to ask?.”
Kartini: “Sorry my father, would you tell me why you won’ let me go to school.”
Kartini's Father: “My Dear, you are now 12 years old, and it's about time you do
seclusion, this is already customary, you must follow the rule.”
Kartini: “I’m sorry father, but I still want to go to school, I would have missed them,
my teachers, I still want to learn, and I still want to play with my sisters, Roekmini
and Kardinah.”
Kartini's Father: “You have to follow the rule! Do you dare to oppose our custom!”

Because there was no power on her against the wishes of his father, young
Kartini resorted to do the seclusion. However, young kartini still wanted to seek a
knowledge, explore their curiosity, and still want to be useful for many people.

During the seclusion she wrote letters to her dutch friends to gain the
knowledge of Europe concerning rights as human beings especially women.

Kartini: “I have to fix my life, even though I do not currently have the right to argue, at
least other women do not suffer like me. Yes and I should start it with writing.”
Kartini: “it seems to be interesting when I started to write a letter to my friend Rosa
Abendanon to share her knowledge to me.”

Since that time the relationship between Rosa and kartini worked continuously
, Rosa Abendanon also often sent books and newspapers from Europe to young
Kartini so her thinking becomes more advanced. In the European newspaper told
that women have the same position to achieve their rights while in Indonesia, women
are at a very low social stratum.

Kartini: “Rosa you are are a such best friend, well, it seems not quite enough if I just
learn from Rosa, I had to share this with other women, they should have the this.”
After doing the seclusion, she marriage with a regent of Rembang named
Duke Ario Singgih Djojo Adhiningrat over the choice of her parents. At the time
Kartini status as the second wife of the regent of Rembang. However her husband
strongly support his ideals and even allow Kartini builtd a women school.

Kartini: “My husband, sorry if I’m disturbing you, if I may ask as the duke's wife, do
you allow me to built a school for a woman.”
Duke Ario Singgih Djojo Adhiningrat: “Kartini, if that is your wish, I will.”
Kartini: “Thank you my Duke.”

During her marriage, Kartini blessed with one son named Soesalit
Djojoadhiningrat. Kartini passed away on her 25 years old, her last four days after
giving birth.

The Kartini’s struggle did not stop even after his death. The struggle continued
by his friend Rosa Abendanon who posted the both letters into a book. The book
was entitled “Door Duisternis tot Licht” which means "From the Darkness Into the
Light".

In 1964, President Ir. Soekarno declarated Kartini birth date, on 21 April as


“Kartini’s Day” an Indonesian national day.

Afterwards, Kartini recognized not only a hero determined to fight


emancipation of women, but also a nationalist figure with new ideas who struggled
for independence.

As a woman, Kartini is alredy known as a famous women hero and an


important for Indonesia. Let us be the next Kartini!.

Okay, I think that’s all, thanks for your attention.

Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.