Sei sulla pagina 1di 2

# CONDUCTOR SIZING CALCULATION

## Requirement 1800 Amps /Twin

1 220 kV Conductor Sizing Calculation Bundle / 50kA Sc for 3 sec.
AAAC
GREELEY
Conductor Considered

## 1.1 Check for continuous thermal withstand capacity of the conductor

The current which a conductor can carry for a given temperature rise depends upon the rate at which
the produced heat is dissipated. In case of an overhead conductor, the dissipation will be effected by
radiation and by convection.

## Hence as given in Heat balance equation : (1)

Pj + Psol = Prad + Pconv

where,
Pj = RT I², Heat generated by Joule effect
Psol =γ D Si, Solar Heat Gain
Prad = s π D Ke (T24 – T14), Radiation Heat Loss
Pconv = λ Nu (T2 – T1) π, Convection Heat Loss
where,
I = the conductor current (A)
Rdc(20°C) DC resistance of conductor at 20°C 0.07133 Ω/km
the electrical resistance of conductor at a temperature T
RT= (Ω/m)
γ= the solar radiation absorption co-efficient Refer IEC 61597 0.50
Si = the intensity of solar radiation (W/m²), Refer IEC 61597 1000.00 W/m2
D= the conductor diameter (m) 0.02814 m
s= the Stefan Boltzmann constant (5.67×10–8 W.m–2K–4) Refer IEC 61597 5.67E-08 W.m K–2 –4

Ke = the emmisivity co-efficient in respect to black body Refer IEC 61597 0.60
Ambient Temperature in (C) 30 °C
Final Equilibrium Temperature (C) 80 °C
T1 = Ambient Temperature in (K) 303.15 K
T2 = Final Equilibrium Temperature (K) 383.15 K
the thermal conductivity of air film in contact with the
λ= conductor Refer IEC 61597 0.02585 W m–1K–1
Refer IEC 61597 17.352954
Nu = the Nusselt number = 0.65 Re0.2 + 0.23Re0.61
Re = the Reynolds number = 1.644×109v D[(T1 + 0.5(T2 – T1)]–1.78 Refer IEC 61597 922.83
v= wind speed in m/s Refer IEC 61597 0.6 m/s
f= System frequency 50 Hz
α= Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity Refer IEC 61597 3.6E-3 /°C
μ= permeability (= 1, for non magmnatic material) 1
now,
Rdc x K
Considering Manufacturer's date for AC resistance at 100 degree centigrade (Calculated value of AC
resistance is not required)
RT (Manufacturer's data) =
0.0000713Ohm/m

Psol =γ D Si 14.07
Prad = s π D Ke (T24 – T14) 21.349
Pconv = λ Nu (T2 – T1) π 70.462
from heat balance equation - 2 we derive,
(P +P −P )
I = rad conv sol

max RT equation-3

## From equation - 3, we obtain

=> Current Carrying Capacity of the CONDUCTOR = 942 Amps
n No. of conductor to be considered 2
=> Current Carrying Capacity of the Line ( 2 conductor /phase) 1884 Amps
SUITABLE FOR 1800 A
1.2 Check for Short Circuit Current carrying capacity of the conductor

## I"k3 System short circuit current for System 50,000 A

Tkr Duration of short circuit current 3 sec
K20 Specific Conductivity @ 20°C 34800000
c Specific thermal capacity 910
ρ Specific Mass 2700
α20 Temperature Coefficient 0.0036

IEC 865-1 (1993 ) - Short circuit currents-Calculation of effects-pg 113 Annex-A A.9, Fig-13

where,

=117.65

Where
Initial temp. of conductor before short ckt 80
Final temp of conductor after short ckt 340

## The rated short time withstand density

Sthr = K/√Tkr = 70,2106

Where

## A Cross sectional area of the conductor 470x2 = 940

Suitability to carry Short Circuit Current SUITABLE for 50KA

The above calculation shows the suitability of AAAC 470(Greeley) Conductor Twin bundle for 1800A continuous Load
and 50 kA-3 Sec system short circuit rating.