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CONDUCTOR SIZING CALCULATION

Requirement 1800 Amps /Twin


1 220 kV Conductor Sizing Calculation Bundle / 50kA Sc for 3 sec.
AAAC
GREELEY
Conductor Considered

1.1 Check for continuous thermal withstand capacity of the conductor

The current which a conductor can carry for a given temperature rise depends upon the rate at which
the produced heat is dissipated. In case of an overhead conductor, the dissipation will be effected by
radiation and by convection.

Hence as given in Heat balance equation : (1)


Pj + Psol = Prad + Pconv

where,
Pj = RT I², Heat generated by Joule effect
Psol =γ D Si, Solar Heat Gain
Prad = s π D Ke (T24 – T14), Radiation Heat Loss
Pconv = λ Nu (T2 – T1) π, Convection Heat Loss
where,
I = the conductor current (A)
Rdc(20°C) DC resistance of conductor at 20°C 0.07133 Ω/km
the electrical resistance of conductor at a temperature T
RT= (Ω/m)
γ= the solar radiation absorption co-efficient Refer IEC 61597 0.50
Si = the intensity of solar radiation (W/m²), Refer IEC 61597 1000.00 W/m2
D= the conductor diameter (m) 0.02814 m
s= the Stefan Boltzmann constant (5.67×10–8 W.m–2K–4) Refer IEC 61597 5.67E-08 W.m K–2 –4

Ke = the emmisivity co-efficient in respect to black body Refer IEC 61597 0.60
Ambient Temperature in (C) 30 °C
Final Equilibrium Temperature (C) 80 °C
T1 = Ambient Temperature in (K) 303.15 K
T2 = Final Equilibrium Temperature (K) 383.15 K
the thermal conductivity of air film in contact with the
λ= conductor Refer IEC 61597 0.02585 W m–1K–1
Refer IEC 61597 17.352954
Nu = the Nusselt number = 0.65 Re0.2 + 0.23Re0.61
Re = the Reynolds number = 1.644×109v D[(T1 + 0.5(T2 – T1)]–1.78 Refer IEC 61597 922.83
v= wind speed in m/s Refer IEC 61597 0.6 m/s
f= System frequency 50 Hz
α= Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity Refer IEC 61597 3.6E-3 /°C
μ= permeability (= 1, for non magmnatic material) 1
now,
Rdc x K
Considering Manufacturer's date for AC resistance at 100 degree centigrade (Calculated value of AC
resistance is not required)
RT (Manufacturer's data) =
0.0000713Ohm/m

Psol =γ D Si 14.07
Prad = s π D Ke (T24 – T14) 21.349
Pconv = λ Nu (T2 – T1) π 70.462
from heat balance equation - 2 we derive,
(P +P −P )
I = rad conv sol

max RT equation-3

From equation - 3, we obtain


=> Current Carrying Capacity of the CONDUCTOR = 942 Amps
n No. of conductor to be considered 2
=> Current Carrying Capacity of the Line ( 2 conductor /phase) 1884 Amps
SUITABLE FOR 1800 A
1.2 Check for Short Circuit Current carrying capacity of the conductor

I"k3 System short circuit current for System 50,000 A


Tkr Duration of short circuit current 3 sec
K20 Specific Conductivity @ 20°C 34800000
c Specific thermal capacity 910
ρ Specific Mass 2700
α20 Temperature Coefficient 0.0036

IEC 865-1 (1993 ) - Short circuit currents-Calculation of effects-pg 113 Annex-A A.9, Fig-13

where,

=117.65

Where
Initial temp. of conductor before short ckt 80
Final temp of conductor after short ckt 340

The rated short time withstand density


Sthr = K/√Tkr = 70,2106

Short time with stand current Isc = sthr x A X n 65,998kA


Where

A Cross sectional area of the conductor 470x2 = 940


Suitability to carry Short Circuit Current SUITABLE for 50KA

The above calculation shows the suitability of AAAC 470(Greeley) Conductor Twin bundle for 1800A continuous Load
and 50 kA-3 Sec system short circuit rating.