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UNIT 1: THE VERB “BE”, POSSESSIVE NOUNS AND

ADJECTIVES.

1. Personal Pronouns: Subject Pronouns

EXERCISES. Choose the right personal pronouns for the following words.

a. The boy _________he_________ b. The boys ________________________

c. Maria _______________________ d. The girls _________________________

e. The dog _____________________ f. The dogs _________________________

g. You and I ____________________ h. John, Luisa and Gloria ______________

i. John, Pedro and Luis ____________ j. Luisa, Gloria and Maria _____________

k. The house ____________________ l. The houses _______________________

m. Peru ________________________ n. My mother _______________________

o. The hamsters __________________ p. Hope ____________________________

q. Mr. Rodriguez _________________ r. Ms. Cerna ________________________

s. John, Maria and You ____________ t. Huaraz, Chiclayo and Lima ___________
2. The Verb “Be”: am

- Exercises: Fill in the blanks with “am”, “is” or “are”.

I ___________ She ___________ You ______________

You ________ It ____________ They _____________

He _________ We ___________

- Fill in the blanks with short forms (contractions).

I am = ____I´m______

You are = __________

He is = ____________

She is = ____________

It is = ______________

We are = ___________

You are = ___________

They are = __________


3. Sentences:
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT VERB ( TO BE ) OBJECT .

I in Huaraz.

are in Lima.

He in Caraz.

is in Yungay.

It in the garden.

are in Peru.

You in Mexico.

are in Trujillo.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
SUBJECT VERB ( TO BE ) NOT OBJECT.

am not in Huaraz.

You not in Lima.

is in Caraz.

She in Yungay.

is in the garden.

We in Peru.

are in Mexico.

They in Trujillo.
INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

VERB ( TO BE ) SUBJECT OBJECT ?

Am in Huaraz ?

you in Lima

Is in Caraz

she in Yungay

Is in the garden

we in Peru

Are in Mexico

they in Trujillo
4. Short Answers:

- Exercises: Answer the following questions with short answers:

1. Are you a robot? _______No, I´m not._____________________

2. Is Jaime Bayly the president of Peru? _______________________

3. Is the UNASAM University in Huaraz? _____________________

4. Is your mother in Yungay? _______________________________

5. Are Maria and Pedro your friends? _________________________

6. Are Pedro and I classmates? ______________________________

7. Are you a boy? _________________________________________

8. Are you and I in the same classroom? _______________________

9. Are the dogs in the garden? _______________________________

10. Am I your best friend? ___________________________________

5. Indefinite Article: a/an

- Exercises: Listen to the teacher and then fill in the blanks with “a” or “an”.

1. __ a__ cat 2. ______ hotel 3. ______ eraser 4. ______ umbrella

5. ______ taxi 6. ______ UFO 7. ______ orange 8. ______ doctor

9. ______ hour 10. ______ bus 11. ______ radio 12. ______ “m”

13. ______ elevator 14. ______ friend 15. ______ university 16. ______ song

17. ______ “s” 18. ______ unit 19. ______ engineer 20. ______ student
6. Possessive Adjectives: Fill in the blanks.

(I) my : - my book - my books


( You ) your : - your car - ______________
( He ) his : - his bag - ______________
( She ) her : - her brother - ______________
( It ) its : - its toy - ______________
( We ) our : - our teacher - ______________
( You ) your : - your friend - ______________
( They ) their : - their house - ______________

Now, practice giving your own information:

Student A : Hello! I´m ___________. What´s your name?

Student B : Hi! My name is ____________.

Student A : Nice to meet you, ___________.

Student B : Nice to meet you, too.

Student A : Are you in this English class?

Student B : Yes, I am.

Student A : Great! We are classmates!

- Complete the information with the right possessive adjectives:

__Her___ name is Magaly Medina. ______ name is Huesos.

_____ name is José del Solar. ______ names are Ronaldinho and Messi.
_____ names are Lourdes and Luis. ______ name is Abelardo Gutiérrez.

- Solve the following operations:


a. 3+5 = _____eight______________ b. 9+4 = ____________________

c. 18-3 = _______________________ d. 6+6 = ____________________

e. 20-9 = _______________________ f. 6-3 = _____________________

g. 4+3 = _______________________ h. 5+4 = ____________________

i. 18-1 = _______________________ j. 12-6 = ____________________

k.12+8 = _______________________ l. 10+9 = ____________________

m. 7+7 = _______________________ n. 9+9 = _____________________

7. Countries and Nationalities.


- Exercises. Follow the example and write sentences by using the information in
parentheses.

a. ( She / Brazil / Brazilian ) ____She is from Brazil.____She is Brazilian. _____

b. ( They / China / Chinese ) _________________________________________

c. ( We / Japan / Japanese ) _________________________________________

d. ( I / Russia / Russian ) ____________________________________________

e. ( You / USA / American ) _________________________________________

f. ( It / Bolivia / Bolivian ) __________________________________________

g. ( He / Canada / Canadian ) _______________________________________

h. ( We / Ecuador / Ecuadorian ) _____________________________________

i. ( They / Peru / Peruvian ) _________________________________________

j. ( She / Spain / Spanish ) __________________________________________


- More exercises. Write the right form of the verb be and answer the questions.

a. Where __are__ you from?________ I´m from Canada._______________

b. Where _______ he from? __________________________________________

c. Where _______ they from? __________________________________________

d. Where _______ the actors from? _____________________________________

e. Where _______ he and she from? _____________________________________

f. Where _______ Sandra and you from?_________________________________

g. Where _______ the car from? ______________________________________

h. Where _______ the actor from? ______________________________________

i. Where _______ Carlos from? _______________________________________

j. Where _______ the cars from? _______________________________________

- Write sentences about countries and nationalities. Use the information in


parentheses.

1. _____Ronaldinho is from Brazil. He is Brazilian.___________ ( Ronaldinho / Brazil )

2. ___________________________________________________ ( Evo Morales / Bolivia )

3. _________________________________________________ ( Tracy Chapman / USA )

4. ___________________________________________________ ( Jackie Chan / China )

5. ________________________________________________ ( Keanu Reeves / Canada )

6. _______________________________________________________ ( Mikhail / Russia )

7. ______________________________________________________ ( Eva Ayllon / Peru )

8. ________________________________________________ ( Akira Toriyama / Japan )

9. __________________________________________________ ( Penelope Cruz / Spain )

10. ________________________________________________ ( Rafael Correa / Ecuador )


8. Possessive Nouns: “´s”
- Exercises. Add “´s” or “´” to the following nouns.

a. The agent_´s__ b. The agents ______

c. Maria ________ d. The girls ________

e. The dog ______ f. The dogs ________

g. Carlos _______ h. Children ________

i. My friends_____ j. My friend________
UNIT 2: SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE, PRESENT CONTINUOUS,
THERE IS AND THERE ARE.
1. Simple Present Tense: To make sentences with verbs in the present tense, we have to
pay attention to the rules that are different to those for the verb “be”.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT VERB OBJECT .


I live in Huaraz.
You live in Huaraz.
He lives in Huaraz.
She lives in Huaraz.
It lives in Huaraz.
We live in Huaraz.
You live in Huaraz.
They live in Huaraz.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT VERB OBJECT .


I live in Huaraz.
NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT DO/DOES NOT VERB OBJECT .

I do not live in Huaraz.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

DO/DOES SUBJECT VERB OBJECT ?

Do I live in Huaraz ?
2. Use the words and make affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences.
a. she / work / in a bank __________She works in a bank._____________________
b. they / not / study / Chinese ___________________________________________
c. we / wash / the dishes _______________________________________________
d. i / write / a letter / ? _________________________________________________
e. you / watch / TV / ? ________________________________________________
f. it / not / play / in the yard ____________________________________________
g. he / read / a book ____________________________________________________
h. we / open / the door / ? ______________________________________________
i. he / not / drive / a truck ______________________________________________
j. she / teach / English / ? ______________________________________________

- More exercises

a. Change the following affirmative sentences into negative ones.

1. She studies English. __________________She doesn´t study English._______________________

2. He has two brothers. _______________________________________________________________

3. We watch TV on Sundays. __________________________________________________________

4. They wash the dishes on Saturdays. ____________________________________________________

5. They buy new books. _______________________________________________________________

6. She listens to music. ________________________________________________________________

7. My mother cooks the dinner. _________________________________________________________

8. I do my homework. _________________________________________________________________

9. We travel on Tuesdays. ______________________________________________________________

10. He likes rock music. ________________________________________________________________

b. Change the following affirmative sentences into interrogative ones.

1. You climb mountains. __________________Do you climb mountains?________________________

2. They understand your decision. ________________________________________________________

3. I have a party in December. ___________________________________________________________

4. She comes to see you. ________________________________________________________________

5. The dog jumps when it sees you. _______________________________________________________

6. We swim on Saturdays. _______________________________________________________________


7. He learns the lesson. _________________________________________________________________

8. The classes finish in June. _____________________________________________________________

9. My brother paints houses. _____________________________________________________________

10. She lives with her parents. _____________________________________________________________

3.Plural of Nouns
- We form the plural of most nouns by adding “s”. Fill in the blanks with the plural forms.
- singular - plural - singular - plural
book ___books___ house ____________
student ____________ desk ____________
dog ____________ apple ____________
computer ____________ guitar ____________
door ____________ ball ____________

4. Numbers: 21-100.

21 = twenty-one 22 = twenty-two 23 = ___________________


24 = ___________________ 25 = ____________________ 26 = ___________________
27 = ___________________ 28 = ____________________ 29 = ___________________

30 = thirty 31 = thirty-one 32 = thirty-two………….. 39 = thirty-nine


40 = forty 41 = forty-one 42 = forty-two……………. 49 = forty-nine
50 = fifty 51 = fifty-one 52 = fifty-two…………... 59 = fifty-nine
60 = sixty 61 = sixty-one 62 = sixty-two………….. 69 = sixty-nine
70 = seventy 71 = seventy-one 72 = seventy-two….... 79 = seventy-nine
80 = eighty 81 = eighty-one 82 = eighty-two……… 89 = eighty-nine
90 = ninety 91 = ninety-one 92 = ninety-two……….. 99 = ninety-nine
100 = one hundred ( a hundred )

- Write the following numbers into letters.

78 = ____________________ 35 = _____________________ 62 = ___________________


57 = ____________________ 44 = _____________________ 88 = ___________________
36 = ____________________ 27 = _____________________ 99 = ___________________
66 = ____________________ 55 = _____________________ 73 = ___________________
5. Professions.

- Exercises. Follow the example and make sentences.

1. actor / in movies ___________He is an actor. He works in movies._____________


2. architect / in buildings ________________________________________________
3. baker / in a bakery ___________________________________________________
4. banker / in a bank ____________________________________________________
5. carpenter / in his house ________________________________________________
6. cook / in a restaurant _________________________________________________
7. dentist / in a hospital _________________________________________________
8. doctor / in a hospital __________________________________________________
9. driver / in a company _________________________________________________
10. engineer / in buildings _________________________________________________
11. lawyer / in an office __________________________________________________
12. nurse / in a hospital __________________________________________________
13. painter / in buildings __________________________________________________
14. pilot / in an airport ____________________________________________________
15. policeman / in a police station __________________________________________
16. sailor / in a boat _____________________________________________________
17. singer / in a band ____________________________________________________
18. student / with her father ______________________________________________
19. teacher / in a school __________________________________________________
20. writer / in her house __________________________________________________
6.Present Continuous. We use the present continuous to talk about things that are
happening at the same time we are speaking.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT VERB BE VERB+ING OBJECT .

I am working in Lima.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT VERB BE NOT VERB+ING OBJECT .

I am not working in Lima.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

VERB BE SUBJECT VERB+ING OBJECT ?

Am I working in Lima ?

- Exercises. Make affirmative sentences by using the information in parentheses.

a. ( we / buy / the tickets ) ____________We are buying the tickets. _______________

b. ( they / travel / to China ) ______________________________________________

c. ( we / cook / the dinner ) _______________________________________________

d. ( I / paint / my house ) __________________________________________________

e. ( my brother / finish / his homework ) _____________________________________

f. ( she / wash / the dishes ) ________________________________________________

g. ( he / open / the store ) __________________________________________________

h. ( it / jump / in the yard ) ________________________________________________

i. ( my friends / play / volleyball ) ___________________________________________

j. ( Lucy / watch / TV ) _______________________________________________________


- More exercises.

a. Make negative sentences by using the information in parentheses.

1. ( she / study / Japanese ) _______________She is not studying Japanese.____________________

2. ( they / close / the door ) ___________________________________________________________

3. ( we / read / the rules ) _____________________________________________________________

4. ( you and I / go / to the party ) _______________________________________________________

5. ( my father / climb / that rock ) ______________________________________________________

6. ( I / buy / a book ) __________________________________________________________________

7. ( my sisters / run / together ) _________________________________________________________

8. ( he / work / now ) _________________________________________________________________

9. ( Maria / write / a letter ) ____________________________________________________________

10. ( the cat / eat / its food ) ____________________________________________________________

b. Make interrogative sentences by using the information in parentheses.

1. ( Liz / do / her homework ) _______________Is Liz doing her homework?_____________________

2. ( they / swim / in the pool ) __________________________________________________________

3. ( my friends / walk / in the park ) _____________________________________________________

4. ( she / make / a call )________________________________________________________________

5. ( Grandpa / get / the newspaper ) _____________________________________________________

6. ( John / drive / his new car ) __________________________________________________________

7. ( he / listen / to music ) ______________________________________________________________

8. ( we / move / in August )_____________________________________________________________

9. ( my brother / teach / Chinese ) _______________________________________________________

10. ( you / come / to the party ) __________________________________________________________


7. “There is” and “There are”. We use both of them to say that someone or something
exits. The difference is the use:
there is ( singular ) ---------- short form : there´s
there be
there are ( plural ) ------------ short form : no contraction
Examples:
- There is a bag. There is a book. There is an eraser.
- There are two bags. There are four books. There are eight erasers.
Contractions:
There´s not a car. = There isn´t a car.
There aren´t three books.
• We can make affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences in a similar way as
the rules for the verb “be”.
( + ) There is a school. ( - ) There is not a school. ( ? ) Is there a school?
( + ) There are two schools. ( - ) There are not two schools. ( ? ) Are there two schools?

• Make affirmative, negative or interrogative sentences by using the information in parentheses.


1. ( there / a person ) ( - ) _______________There is not a person.____________________

2. ( there / five people ) ( ? ) ___________________________________________________

3. ( there / ten rules ) ( + ) _____________________________________________________

4. ( there / an apple ) ( + ) _____________________________________________________

5. ( there / a mouse ) ( ? )______________________________________________________

6. ( there / three mice ) ( - ) ____________________________________________________

7. ( there / twelve months ) ( + ) ________________________________________________

8. ( there / a lawyer ) ( ? ) _____________________________________________________

9. ( there / a child ) ( - ) _______________________________________________________

10. ( there / eleven children ) ( + ) _______________________________________________

11. ( there / a sheep ) ( - ) ______________________________________________________

12. ( there / nine sheep ) ( ? ) ___________________________________________________

13. ( there / a man ) ( + ) _______________________________________________________

14. ( there / seven men ) ( - ) ____________________________________________________

15. ( there / an eagle ) ( ? ) ______________________________________________________


8.. Ordinal Numbers

1st First 11th Eleventh 21st twenty-first 31st thirty-first


2nd second 12th Twelfth 22nd twenty-second 40th Fortieth
3rd Third 13th Thirteenth 23rd twenty-third 50th Fiftieth
4th fourth 14th Fourteenth 24th twenty-fourth 60th Sixtieth
5th Fifth 15th Fifteenth 25th twenty-fifth 70th Seventieth
6th sixth 16th Sixteenth 26th twenty-sixth 80th Eightieth
7th seventh 17th Seventeenth 27th twenty-seventh 90th Ninetieth
8th eighth 18th Eighteenth 28th twenty-eighth 100th one hundredth
9th ninth 19th Nineteenth 29th twenty-ninth 1,000th one thousandth
10th tenth 20th Twentieth 30th thirtieth 1,000,000th one millionth

Notes:
. Most ordinal numbers finish in “th”.
. We use them for dates in calendars, for example: May 31 st, July 28th.
. We use them in names of kings and queens but in Roman numbers:
- Henry VIII ( We say: Henry “the” Eighth )
- Elizabeth II ( We say: Elizabeth “the” Second )

- Exercises. Write the following ordinal numbers into letters.

a. 15th = _________________________

b. 7th = __________________________

c. 42nd = _________________________

d. 31st = _________________________

e. 11th = _________________________

f. 60th = _________________________

g. 85th = _________________________

h. 57th = _________________________

i. 73rd = _________________________

j. 12th = _________________________P
Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

UNIT 3: FREQUENCY ADVERBS, CAN; PAST TENSE OF BE AND


REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS.
1. Frequency Adverbs. We use frequency adverbs to say how often something happens.
Always about 100%
Rule:
usually / generally about 80%
-Use frequency adverbs before verbs:
often about 70%
She never reads. T hey usually play soccer. -
sometimes about 50%
Use frequency adverbs after the verb be: She
seldom / rarely about 20%
is never at home. They are usually late.
never about 00%
• Make sentences with frequency adverbs by using the information in parentheses.
1. ( I / study / on Sundays ) ( usually ) ______________I usually study on Sundays.__________________

2. ( they / close / the door ) ( never ) ________________________________________________________

3. ( she / read / a book ) ( often ) ___________________________________________________________

4. ( you and I / go / to a party ) ( sometimes ) _________________________________________________

5. ( my father / climb / a rock ) ( seldom ) ___________________________________________________

6. ( I / play / in Yungay ) ( always ) _________________________________________________________

7. ( my sisters / run / together ) ( generally ) _________________________________________________

8. ( he / work / hard ) ( never ) _____________________________________________________________

9. ( Maria / write / a letter ) ( rarely ) _______________________________________________________

10. ( the cat / eat / its food ) ( always ) _______________________________________________________

11. ( Liz / do / her homework ) ( usually ) ___________________________________________________

12. ( they / swim / in the pool ) ( seldom ) ____________________________________________________

13. ( my friends / walk / in the park ) ( generally ) ____________________________________________

14. ( she / make / a cake ) ( sometimes ) _____________________________________________________

15. ( grandpa / buy / the newspaper ) ( often ) ________________________________________________

16. ( John / drive / his car ) ( rarely ) _______________________________________________________

17. ( he / listen / to music ) ( always) ________________________________________________________

18. ( we / travel / by plane ) ( never ) ________________________________________________________

19. ( my brother / wash / the dishes ) ( seldom ) _______________________________________________

20. ( you / visit / your mother ) ( usually ) ____________________________________________________


Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

- Listening.

The Scientist by Coldplay

Come up to meet you, tell you I'm sorry


You don't know how lovely you are

I had to find you


Tell you I need you
Tell you I set you apart

Tell me your secrets


And ask me your questions
Oh, let´s go back to the start

Running in circles
Coming up tails
Heads on a science apart. Coldplay

Nobody said it was easy


It's such a shame for us to part
Nobody said it was easy
No one ever said it would be this hard
Oh, take me back to the start.

I was just guessing


At numbers and figures
Pulling the puzzles apart

Questions of science
Science and progress
Do not speak as loud as my heart

Tell me you love me


Come back and haunt me
Oh, and I rush to the start

Running in circles
Chasing our tails
Coming back as we are

Nobody said it was easy


Oh it's such a shame for us to part
Nobody said it was easy
No one ever said it would be so hard
I'm going back to the start

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

2. “Can” for Ability.


We use “can” when we talk about abilities that people or animals are able to do. It always
has the same form in the present tense. Verbs always have the same form after “can”.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT CAN VERB OBJECT .

I can drive a plane.

You can drive a plane.

He can drive a plane.

She can drive a plane.

It can drive a plane.

We can drive a plane.

You can drive a plane.

They can drive a plane.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT CAN VERB OBJECT .

I can drive a plane.

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT CAN NOT VERB OBJECT .

I can not drive a plane.

You can not drive a plane.

He can not drive a plane.

She can not drive a plane.

It can not drive a plane.

We can not drive a plane.

You can not drive a plane.

They can not drive a plane.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT CAN NOT VERB OBJECT .

I can not drive a plane.

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

CAN SUBJECT VERB OBJECT ?

Can I drive a plane ?

Can you drive a plane ?

Can he drive a plane ?

Can she drive a plane ?

Can it drive a plane ?

Can we drive a plane ?

Can you drive a plane ?

Can they drive a plane ?

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

CAN SUBJECT VERB OBJECT ?

Can I drive a plane ?

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

Rule:
The verb “be” is the same after can.
She can be a doctor. √
- Exercises. She can is a doctor. X

a. Make affirmative and negative sentences with can. Use the information in parentheses.

1. ( she / study / Chinese ) __________________She can study Chinese._______________________

2. ( they / not / open / the door ) _______________________________________________________

3. ( we / read / the book ) _____________________________________________________________

4. ( you and I / go / to the party ) _______________________________________________________

5. ( my father / not / climb / that rock ) _________________________________________________

6. ( I / not / live / in Yungay ) __________________________________________________________

7. ( my sisters / run / tomorrow ) ______________________________________________________

8. ( he / work / alone ) _______________________________________________________________

9. ( Maria / not / write / that letter ) ____________________________________________________

10. ( the cat / not / eat / its food ) _______________________________________________________

b. Make interrogative sentences with can. Use the information in parentheses.

1. ( Liz / do / her homework ) _______________Can Liz do her homework?____________________

2. ( they / swim / in the pool ) __________________________________________________________

3. ( my friends / walk / in the park ) ____________________________________________________

4. ( she / make / a call ) _______________________________________________________________

5. ( grandpa / get / the newspaper ) _____________________________________________________

6. ( John / drive / his new car ) _________________________________________________________

7. ( he / listen / to music ) _____________________________________________________________

8. ( we / move / in October ) ___________________________________________________________

9. ( my brother / teach / English ) ______________________________________________________

10. ( you / come / to the party ) _________________________________________________________

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

3. Past Tense of “Be”.

was
be
were The verb “be” has two forms
in the past tense:
I was
- was
You were - were

He was

She was

It was Rule: Contractions are possible only


between “was”/“were” and not:
We were - I was = no contraction
- You were = no contraction
You were
- was not = wasn´t
They were - were not = weren´t

- Exercises: Fill in the blanks with “was” or “were”.

I ___________ She ___________ You ______________

You ________ It ____________ They _____________

He _________ We ___________

4. Short Answers:
- Affirmative Short Answers - Negative Short Answers

Yes, I was. No, I wasn´t.


Yes, you were. No, you weren´t.
Yes, he was. No, he wasn´t.
Yes, she was. No, she wasn´t.
Yes, it was. No, it wasn´t.
Yes, we were. No, we weren´t.
Yes, you were. No, you weren´t.
Yes, they were. No, they weren´t.

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

5. Sentences:
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT VERB ( TO BE ) OBJECT .

I was a child .

You were a child.

He was a child.

She was a child.

It was a book.

We were children.

You were children.

They were children.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT VERB ( TO BE ) OBJECT .

I in Huaraz.

were in Lima.

He in Caraz.

was in Yungay.

It in the garden.

were in Peru.

You in Mexico.

were in Trujillo.

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT VERB ( TO BE ) NOT OBJECT.

I was not a child .

You were not a child.

He was not a child.

She was not a child.

It was not a book.

We were not children.

You were not children.

They were not children.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT VERB ( TO BE ) NOT OBJECT.

was not in Huaraz.

You not in Lima.

was in Caraz.

She in Yungay.

was in the garden.

We in Peru.

were in Mexico.

They in Trujillo.

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

VERB ( TO BE ) SUBJECT OBJECT ?

Was I a child ?

Were you a child ?

Was he a child ?

Was she a child ?

Was it a book ?

Were we children ?

Were you children ?

Were they children ?

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

VERB ( TO BE ) SUBJECT OBJECT ?

Was in Huaraz ?

you in Lima

Was in Caraz

she in Yungay

Was in the garden

we in Peru

Were in Mexico

they in Trujillo

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

- Exercises.

a. Make affirmative and negative sentences with was or were. Use the information in parentheses.

1. ( she / a good writer ) ___________________She was a good writer.________________________

2. ( they / not / students ) _____________________________________________________________

3. ( we / in Mexico ) _________________________________________________________________

4. ( you and I / classmates ) ___________________________________________________________

5. ( my father / not / at home ) ________________________________________________________

6. ( I / not / in Yungay ) ______________________________________________________________

7. ( my sisters / sick ) ________________________________________________________________

8. ( he / alone ) ______________________________________________________________________

9. ( Maria / not / my friend ) __________________________________________________________

10. ( the cat / not / in the living room ) __________________________________________________

b. Make interrogative sentences with was or were. Use the information in parentheses.

1. ( she / a good writer ) ___________________Was she a good writer?_________________________

2. ( they / students ) _________________________________________________________________

3. ( we / in Mexico ) _________________________________________________________________

4. ( you and I / classmates ) ___________________________________________________________

5. ( my father / at home ) _____________________________________________________________

6. ( I / in Yungay ) __________________________________________________________________

7. ( my sisters / sick ) ________________________________________________________________

8. ( he / alone ) ______________________________________________________________________

9. ( Maria / my friend ) ______________________________________________________________

10. ( the cat / in the living room ) _______________________________________________________

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

6. Simple Past Tense: We use it to express that an action started and finished at a specific
time in the past.
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT VERB OBJECT .


I lived in Huaraz.
You lived in Huaraz.
He lived in Huaraz.
She lived in Huaraz.
It lived in Huaraz.
We lived in Huaraz.
You lived in Huaraz.
They lived in Huaraz.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
SUBJECT VERB OBJECT .
I lived in Huaraz.

Rule:
We use the Simple Past Tense form of the verbs only in affirmative
sentences.

Rule:
In negative and interrogative sentences the verbs are written in
their base form.

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NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT DID NOT VERB OBJECT .

I did not live in Huaraz.

You did not live in Huaraz.

He did not live in Huaraz.

She did not live in Huaraz.

It did not live in Huaraz.

We did not live in Huaraz.

You did not live in Huaraz.

They did not live in Huaraz.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT DID NOT VERB OBJECT .

I did not live in Huaraz.

Rule: Contraction:
The auxiliary “did” only appears in did not = didn´t
negative and interrogative sentences.

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INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

DID SUBJECT VERB OBJECT ?

Did I live in Huaraz ?

Did you live in Huaraz ?

Did he live in Huaraz ?

Did she live in Huaraz ?

Did it live in Huaraz ?

Did we live in Huaraz ?

Did you live in Huaraz ?

Did they live in Huaraz ?

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

DID SUBJECT VERB OBJECT ?

Did I live in Huaraz ?

Note:
These rules can be used for both Regular and Irregular Verbs.

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7. Past Tense of Regular Verbs.


• To make the past tense of most Regular Verbs, we add the suffix “ed” at the end of
a Regular Verb. Examples: comb combed, smell smelled, melt melted, etc.
• If a Regular Verb already finishes in “e”, we only add “d” at the end of it.
Examples: damage damaged, bake baked, place placed, etc.
• If a Regular Verb of one syllable finishes in CVC ( Consonant-Vowel-Consonant ),
we double the last consonant and then we add “ed” at the end of it.
Examples: ban banned, drop dropped, plan planned, etc.
• If a Regular Verb finishes in “y”, and there´s a consonant before it we drop that “y”
and then we add “ied” at the end of it.
Examples: bury buried, dry dried, try tried, etc.
LIST OF REGULAR VERBS
Present Tense Past Tense Present Tense Past Tense
accept accepted kiss kissed
add added like liked
admire admired listen ( to ) listened ( to )
answer answered live lived
arrive arrived look looked
belong belonged love loved
call called miss missed
change changed need needed
clean cleaned offer offered
close closed open opened
collect collected order ordered
complete completed paint painted
cook cooked remember remembered
copy copied repeat repeated
cry cried return returned
dance danced start started
decide decided stay stayed
describe described stop stopped
discover discovered study studied
divide divided talk talked
end ended travel traveled
enjoy enjoyed use used
explain explained visit visited
finish finished wait waited
guess guessed walk walked
happen happened want wanted
help helped wash washed
imagine imagined watch watched
join joined wish wished
jump jumped work worked

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8. Past Tense of Irregular Verbs.


• There are no rules for Irregular Verbs to form their past, they don´t need “ed” at the end
of them; sometimes they change a letter, they change completely or they don´t suffer any
change.
LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS
Present Tense Past Tense Past Participle Present Tense Past Tense Past Participle
arise arose arisen lead led led
be ( am, is, are ) was / were been learn learnt/learned learnt/learned
become became become leave left left
begin began begun lend lent lent
bite bit bitten let let let
blow blew blown lose lost lost
break broke broken make made made
bring brought brought mean meant meant
build built built meet met met
buy bought bought pay paid paid
catch caught caught put put put
choose chose chosen quit quit/quitted quit/quitted
come came come read read read
cost cost cost ride rode ridden
cut cut cut ring rang rung
deal dealt dealt run ran run
do did done say said said
draw drew drawn see saw seen
dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed sell sold sold
drink drank drunk send sent sent
drive drove driven set set set
eat ate eaten shake shook shaken
fall fell fallen shine shone shone
feed fed fed shoot shot shot
feel felt felt shut shut shut
fight fought fought sing sang sung
find found found sit sat sat
fly flew flown sleep slept slept
forget forgot forgotten speak spoke spoken
forgive forgave forgiven spend spent spent
forsake forsook forsaken steal stole stolen
freeze froze frozen sting stung stung
get got got strike struck struck
give gave given swear swore sworn
go went gone sweep swept swept
grow grew grown swim swam swum
hang hung hung take took taken
have had had teach taught taught
hear heard heard tell told told
hide hid hidden think thought thought
hit hit hit throw threw thrown
hold held held understand understood understood
hurt hurt hurt weep wept wept
keep kept kept win won won
know knew known write wrote written

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Note:
The past form of Regular and Irregular Verbs are the same
for any subject, even if it is in plural or singular.

- Time Expressions.
When the past tense is clear in a sentence, we don´t need anything else.
However, sometimes it is necessary to use time expressions in the past tense.
Here we have some of them:
- last night.
- last Saturday, last week, last month, last year.
- three hours ago, four days ago, five weeks ago, ten years ago.
- yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, yesterday evening.
- in 1987, in 2000.

- Exercises.
a. Make affirmative sentences in the past tense. Use the information in parentheses.

1. ( he / study / Japanese / last year ) _____________He studied Japanese last year._______________

2. ( they / watch / the movie / yesterday ) __________________________________________________

3. ( we / find / your book / last week ) _____________________________________________________

4. ( my family / go / to Lima ) ___________________________________________________________

5. ( I / stay / home ) ____________________________________________________________________

6. ( my brother / win / the race ) _________________________________________________________

7. ( the children / lose / the check ) ________________________________________________________

8. ( he / paint / the room ) _______________________________________________________________

9. ( Rosa / break / the letter ) ____________________________________________________________

10. ( the bell / ring ) ____________________________________________________________________

Note:
The past tense talks about an action already finished. So,
don´t be surprised if somebody says a sentence in the past
tense even today. Example: I visited my mother in the
morning.

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- More exercises.

b. Make negative sentences in the past tense. Use the information in parentheses.

1. ( Sandra / pay / the rent / last month )________Sandra didn´t pay the rent last month.___________

2. ( Carlos / walk / the dog )_____________________________________________________________

3. ( my friends / come / yesterday ) ______________________________________________________

4. ( she / know / the answer )____________________________________________________________

5. ( he and she / copy / the exercises )_____________________________________________________

6. ( my hamsters / eat / their food )_______________________________________________________

7. ( my brother / do / his homework )_____________________________________________________

8. ( Jorge / hide / your bag ) ____________________________________________________________

9. ( he / write / that note ) ______________________________________________________________

10. ( we / work / last night ) _____________________________________________________________

c. Make interrogative sentences in the past tense. Use the information in parentheses.

1. ( Juan / visit / his parents / last week ) ________Did Juan visit his parents last week?____________

2. ( what / happen / yesterday morning ) __________________________________________________

3. ( the dog / break / the lamp ) __________________________________________________________

4. ( my father / buy / a new car ) _________________________________________________________

5. ( who / call / last night ) ______________________________________________________________

6. ( you / forget / my birthday )__________________________________________________________

7. ( he / bring / the keys ) _______________________________________________________________

8. ( they / read / the magazine ) __________________________________________________________

9. ( Rebeca / spend / all the money ) _______________________________________________________

10. ( you / hear / the news ) ______________________________________________________________

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UNIT 4: SHOULD, PRESENT PERFECT AND FUTURE.


1. Should. We use “should ” or “shouldn´t” for giving advices. “should” or “shouldn´t”
can be used for any noun or personal pronoun. Use any verb in its base form after
“should” or “shouldn´t”. Examples: Anthony should study. My brother should study.
He should study. Your friends should study.

Note:
We use the interrogative form with “I” to ask for advice.
Should I stay or should I go?

Exercises: Fill in the blanks with should or shouldn´t and give advices.

1. She __shouldn´t___ work until very late.

2. You ______________ visit a doctor if you aren´t feeling well.

3. He ______________ listen to music so loud.

4. Nobody ______________ use drugs.

5. Everybody ______________ do exercises. It´s good for our health.

6. Children ______________ play with knives.

7. Maria ______________ cheat on her boyfriend.

8. You sister ______________ get up. It´s 9:00 a.m.

9. You ______________ change the way you are. You are an excellent person.

10. We ______________ eat food with a lot of fat.

11. Sandra ______________ apologize. She made a big mistake.

12. Your brother ______________ investigate before accusing.

13. Martin ______________ hit his little brother.

14. They ______________ go home. Their mother must be worried.

15. He ______________ drive if he is drunk.

Note:
Both “should” and “shouldn´t” can be used to give “good”
advices.

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2. Personal Pronouns: Object Pronouns. These pronouns are used to take place of a
direct object or an indirect object ( after a verb ) or an object ( after a preposition ). So,
they can never be the subject of a sentence, for a subject we use subject pronouns.
Let´s see this in the following chart, but just for their position in a sentence.

SUBJECT VERB OBJECT

I me

You you

He him

She her

It it

We us

You you

They them

Example and explanation:


Sentence: I love you.
- “I” is a subject pronoun and it´s the subject of the sentence.
- “you” is an object pronoun and it´s the object of the verb “love”.

Note:
We should be very careful with the position of the pronouns in a
sentence to identify if they are subject or object pronouns.

- Object pronouns not only go after a verb, but also after a preposition.
Examples: This book is for him. Listen to me. She´s behind you.
LIST OF PREPOSITIONS
about behind for off to
above below from on toward
across beside in out under
after between inside of outside up
against beyond into over upon
around by like since with
at down near through without
before except of till

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- Exercises. Write the right object pronouns of the words in bold.


1. We bought a book yesterday. = We bought ____it____ yesterday.

2. They need my brother. = They need ____________ .

3. I miss my cat. = I miss __________ .

4. The present is for your sister. = The present is for ____________ .

5. Call your parents. = Call ____________ .

6. Your father brought a bike for your little brother. = Your father brought _________ for _________.

7. Listen to your father! = Listen to ____________ !

8. My friend knows Carhuaz. = My friend knows ____________ .

9. She visited her grandma last week. = She visited ____________ last week.

10. The dog is playing with the ball. = The dog is playing with ____________ .

- Conversation. Antonio :
Good evening, Dad! Mr. Alva :
Good evening, Antonio!
Antonio : There´s a party tonight. Could you lend me 100 soles?

Mr. Alva : 100 soles? Are you kidding?

Antonio : No, Dad. Today is Carla´s birthday. I want to buy a gift for her.

Mr. Alva : But 100 soles is too much. Give her a cheaper present.

Antonio : Come on, Dad! You know I like her.

Mr. Alva : I see. Well, here you are.

Antonio : Thank you very much!

Mr. Alva : Where is the party?

Antonio : At El Embrujo.

Mr. Alva : What time will you be back?

Antonio : Is two o´clock in the morning ok?

Mr. Alva : Ok. But call me if something bad happens.

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3. Possessive Pronouns. ( Possessive adjectives can be found on page 7 ) Possessive


pronouns are different from possessive adjectives, they don´t need a noun, they can
stand by themselves in a sentence.

Examples:
- It´s my book. Your book is red. This is his car.
- It´s mine. Yours is red. This is his.

Subject Object Possessive Possessive


Pronouns Pronouns Adjectives Pronouns
I me my book(s) mine
You you your car(s) yours
He him his bag(s) his
She her her brother(s) hers
It it its toy(s) its
We us our teacher(s) ours
You you your friend(s) yours
They them their house(s) theirs

- Exercises. Choose the words from the parentheses and write them in the blanks.

1. ___She___ is ___her_ sister Andrea. Rosa misses ___her_ a lot. ( her / her / she )

2. ______ name is Antonio. ______ lives in ______ house. ( he / his / my )

3. ______ is a big present and ______ is for ______. ( it / it / me )

4. Martin and Sara study English. ______ like ______ so much. ( it / they )

5. Peru has nice places and ______ people are very friendly. ______ is beautiful. ( it / its )

6. Luis thinks ______ mother is excellent, but I think ______ is better. I love _______ ( her / his / mine )

7. ______ bought a bunch of flowers. ______ is for ______ mother. ( it / her / she )

8. Please, tell ______ that ______ need ______ dictionary. ( him / his / I )

9. ______ won the contest. ______ song was the best. ______ needs more rhythm. ( her / she / yours )

10. ______ told ______ yesterday that ______ had to travel. ( me / she / we )

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4. Present Perfect. We use this tense to tell that something happened in the past, but it is not
important “when” exactly. We use the auxiliary “have”/ “has” and the past participle of a verb.
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT HAVE/ HAS ( AUX. ) VERB IN PAST PARTICIPLE OBJECT.

I have eaten a hamburger.

You have eaten a hamburger.

He has eaten a hamburger.

She has eaten a hamburger.

It has eaten a hamburger.

We have eaten a hamburger.

You have eaten a hamburger.

They have eaten a hamburger.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT HAVE/ HAS ( AUX. ) VERB IN PAST PARTICIPLE OBJECT.

I eaten a hamburger.

You a hamburger.

He eaten a hamburger.

She a hamburger.

It eaten a hamburger.

We a hamburger.

You eaten a hamburger.

They a hamburger.

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NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT HAVE/ HAS ( AUX. ) NOT VERB IN PAST PARTICIPLE OBJECT .

I have not eaten a hamburger.

You have not eaten a hamburger.

He has not eaten a hamburger.

She has not eaten a hamburger.

It has not eaten a hamburger.

We have not eaten a hamburger.

You have not eaten a hamburger.

They have not eaten a hamburger.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
SUBJECT HAVE/ HAS ( AUX. ) NOT VERB IN PAST PARTICIPLE OBJECT .

I eaten a hamburger.

You not a hamburger.

He eaten a hamburger.

She not a hamburger.

It eaten a hamburger.

We not a hamburger.

You eaten a hamburger.

They not a hamburger.

Note: Notes:
- We use the auxiliary have with: I, you, we, they. - We use the past participle of
- We use the auxiliary has with: he, she, it. irregular verbs.
- The past participle of regular
verbs is equal to their past tense.

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INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

HAVE/ HAS ( AUX. ) SUBJECT VERB IN PAST PARTICIPLE OBJECT ?

Have I eaten a hamburger ?

Have you eaten a hamburger ?

Has he eaten a hamburger ?

Has she eaten a hamburger ?

Has it eaten a hamburger ?

Have we eaten a hamburger ?

Have you eaten a hamburger ?

Have they eaten a hamburger ?

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

HAVE/ HAS ( AUX. ) SUBJECT VERB IN PAST PARTICIPLE OBJECT ?

Have I a hamburger ?

you eaten a hamburger ?

Has he a hamburger ?

she eaten a hamburger ?

Has it a hamburger ?

we eaten a hamburger ?

Have you a hamburger ?

they eaten a hamburger ?

Note: Note:
- For the past participle of irregular - For the past participle ( past tense is equal ) of
verbs, see the list on page 49. regular verbs, see the list on page 48.

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- Exercises.

a. Make affirmative and negative sentences in Present Perfect. Use the information in parentheses.

1. ( she / study / English ) __________________She has studied English._____________________

2. ( they / not / break / the door ) _____________________________________________________

3. ( Rosa / read / the book )___________________________________________________________

4. ( we / forget / the fruit )____________________________________________________________

6. ( I / not / feed / the dog ) ___________________________________________________________

7. ( our soccer players / win / the game ) _______________________________________________

8. ( he / not / work / lately )___________________________________________________________

9. ( Maria / not / write / her name ) ____________________________________________________

10. ( my sisters / not / eat / yet ) _______________________________________________________

b. Make interrogative sentences in Present Perfect. Use the information in parentheses.

1. ( you / do / your homework ) ___________Have you done your homework?________________

2. ( you / ever / travel / to Lima ) _____________________________________________________

3. ( your friends / enjoy / the trip ) ____________________________________________________

4. ( Santiago / make / a decision ) _____________________________________________________

5. ( your parents / get / the tickets ) ___________________________________________________

6. ( Ana / forgive / your lies ) ________________________________________________________

7. ( you / hear / the news ) ___________________________________________________________

8. ( we / ever / need / her help ) _______________________________________________________

9. ( my brother / change / his mind ) __________________________________________________

10. ( the dog / return / the keys ) ______________________________________________________

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5. Future. We can form the future with two auxiliaries: “Will” and “be going to”.

5.1. Future with “will”. We use “will” when we make predictions, promises or when we
decide to do something suddenly. “will” and the verb used are the same for all nouns.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
SUBJECT WILL VERB OBJECT .

I will travel tomorrow.

You will travel tomorrow.

He will travel tomorrow.

She will travel tomorrow.

It will travel tomorrow.

We will travel tomorrow.

You will travel tomorrow.

They will travel tomorrow.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
SUBJECT WILL VERB OBJECT .

I will travel tomorrow.

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NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT WILL NOT VERB OBJECT .

I will not travel tomorrow.

You will not travel tomorrow.

He will not travel tomorrow.

She will not travel tomorrow.

It will not travel tomorrow.

We will not travel tomorrow.

You will not travel tomorrow.

They will not travel tomorrow.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT WILL NOT VERB OBJECT .

I will not travel tomorrow.

Contraction: Rule:
will not = won´t -Always use contractions in negative short answers.

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INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
WILL SUBJECT VERB OBJECT ?

Will I travel tomorrow ?

Will you travel tomorrow ?

Will he travel tomorrow ?

Will she travel tomorrow ?

Will it travel tomorrow ?

Will we travel tomorrow ?

Will you travel tomorrow ?

Will they travel tomorrow ?

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
WILL SUBJECT VERB OBJECT ?

Will I travel tomorrow ?

Rule:
-Most auxiliaries follow the same rules as the verb “be” for making
affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences.

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- Exercises.

a. Make affirmative and negative sentences in future with “will” by using the
information in parentheses.

1. ( he / finish / the race ) __________________He will finish the race.________________________

2. ( they / remember / this day ) _______________________________________________________

3. ( we / not / travel / to Tacna )________________________________________________________

4. ( he / not / be / the next president ) ___________________________________________________

5. ( you / need / my help ) _____________________________________________________________

6. ( I / not / buy / the book ) ___________________________________________________________

7. ( they / lose / the contest ) ___________________________________________________________

8. ( she / not / forget / him ) ___________________________________________________________

9. ( Pedro / complete / the task ) _______________________________________________________

10. ( Peru / win / the game ) ___________________________________________________________

b. Make interrogative sentences in future with “will” by using the information in


parentheses.

1. ( they / come / to Peru ) __________________Will they come to Peru?_______________________

2. ( Teresa / visit / me ) _______________________________________________________________

3. ( you / play / with us ) ______________________________________________________________

4. ( she / make / a call ) _______________________________________________________________

5. ( Cesar / study / English ) ___________________________________________________________

6. ( my sister / arrive / early ) _________________________________________________________

7. ( he / wear / blue jeans ) ____________________________________________________________

8. ( they / read / the letter )____________________________________________________________

9. ( my hamster / be / fine ) ___________________________________________________________

10. ( you / copy / the exercise ) _________________________________________________________

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5.2. Future with “be going to”. We use “be going to” when we have plans, when we
have decided to do something or when something is more likely to happen. We have to
use “am”,“is” or “are”, according to the noun or subject pronoun, then “going to”.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT BE ( AUX. ) GOING TO VERB OBJECT .

I am going to travel on Sunday.

You are going to travel on Sunday.

He is going to travel on Sunday.

She is going to travel on Sunday.

It is going to travel on Sunday.

We are going to travel on Sunday.

You are going to travel on Sunday.

They are going to travel on Sunday.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT BE ( AUX. ) GOING TO VERB OBJECT .

I am going to travel on Sunday.

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NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT BE ( AUX. ) NOT GOING TO VERB OBJECT .

I am not going to travel on Sunday.

You are not going to travel on Sunday.

He is not going to travel on Sunday.

She is not going to travel on Sunday.

It is not going to travel on Sunday.

We are not going to travel on Sunday.

You are not going to travel on Sunday.

They are not going to travel on Sunday.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

SUBJECT BE ( AUX. ) NOT GOING TO VERB OBJECT .

I am not going to travel on Sunday.

on Sunday.

on Sunday.

on Sunday.

on Sunday.

on Sunday.

on Sunday.

on Sunday.

Rule:
- For the negative form, we only add “not” after the verb “be”.

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INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

BE ( AUX. ) SUBJECT GOING TO VERB OBJECT ?

Am I going to travel on Sunday?

Are you going to travel on Sunday?

Is he going to travel on Sunday?

Is she going to travel on Sunday?

Is it going to travel on Sunday?

Are we going to travel on Sunday?

Are you going to travel on Sunday?

Are they going to travel on Sunday?

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
BE ( AUX. ) SUBJECT GOING TO VERB OBJECT?

Am I going to travel on Sunday?

on Sunday?

on Sunday?

on Sunday?

on Sunday?

on Sunday?

on Sunday?

on Sunday?

Rule:
- For the interrogative form, the verb “be” ( am, is, are ) comes first and
then the subject.

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- Exercises.

a. Make affirmative and negative sentences in future with “be going to” by using
the information in parentheses.

1. ( he / begin / a new book )______________He is going to begin a new book.__________________

2. ( they / travel / next week )__________________________________________________________

3. ( we / not / have / the party ) ________________________________________________________

4. ( he / not / walk / tomorrow )________________________________________________________

5. ( it / rain / later ) __________________________________________________________________

6. ( I / not / finish / this project ) _______________________________________________________

7. ( my brother / come / this year ) _____________________________________________________

8. ( she / not / study / next semester ) ___________________________________________________

9. ( Pedro / receive / the prize ) ________________________________________________________

10. ( the show / start / at eight o´clock ) __________________________________________________

b. Make interrogative sentences in future with “be going to” by using the
information in parentheses.

1. ( they / open / a stand )_______________Are they going to open a stand?____________________

2. ( my sister / buy / the gifts ) _________________________________________________________

3. ( you / play / next week )____________________________________________________________

4. ( she / run / on Saturday ) __________________________________________________________

5. ( Eduardo / copy / the homework ) ___________________________________________________

6. ( we / visit / my aunt ) ______________________________________________________________

7. ( he / enter / the contest ) ___________________________________________________________

8. ( they / use / the car ) _______________________________________________________________

9. ( my brother / get married ) _________________________________________________________

10. ( you / paint / your house ) ________________________________________________________

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- Listening.

Sing by Travis

Baby, you've been going so crazy,


Lately nothing seems to be going right.
So low, why do you have to get so low?
You're so...
You've been waiting in the sun too long.

(Chorus)
But if you sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing,
For the love you bring won't mean a thing,
Unless you sing, sing, sing, sing.

Travis
Colder, crying over your shoulder,
Hold her, tell her everything's gonna be fine.
Surely, you've been going too hurry,
Hurry 'cos no-one's gonna be stopped.
Na na na na...

(Chorus)
But if you sing, sing, sing, sing sing, sing.
For the love you bring won't mean a thing.
Unless you sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing,

Uhhh...Ahh ahh..uhhh...

Baby, there's something going on today,


But I say nothing, nothing, nothing,
Nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing...(fades out)

(Chorus)
But if you sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing,
For the love you bring won't mean a thing,
Unless you sing, sing, sing, sing.

Ohh baby sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing,


For the love you bring won't mean a thing,
Unless you sing, sing, sing, sing.

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Made for Beginners – A Practical Course with a lot of Practice, by Elí Rodríguez,UNASAM-2011

Bibliography

• Anne Seaton & Y. H. Mew ( 2007 ), Basic English Grammar for English Languages
Learners, U.S.A, Saddleback Educational Publishing.

• Maria Carlin & Sandi Jervis ( 2002 ), Grammar Time 3, England, Pearson Education
Limited Edingburgh Gate, Harlow Essex CM20 2JE.

• Samuela Eckstut ( 2003 ), Focus On Grammar, An Introductory Course for reference and
Practice, U.S.A., Pearson Education.

• Song 1: “Baby can I hold you?” by Tracy Chapman, from the album “Tracy Chapman”
released in 1988.

• Song 2: “All you have to do is dream” by The Everly Brothers, a single released in 1958.

• Song 3: “The scientist ” by Coldplay, from the album “A Rush of Blood to the Head”, released
in 2002.

• Song 4: “Sing” by Travis, from the album “The Invisible Band”, released in 2001.

• Pictures on page 8, from web page http://carlicaturascarlosmedina.blogspot.com/

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