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14

1 A business has a customer services section. The business is considering a new Local Area
Network (LAN) for this section.

(a) Describe what is meant by a Local Area Network.

[2]

The following are some comments made by the Chief Executive to the IT Manager.

(b) “I am concerned that only the staff in the Customer Services team should have access to the
LAN.”

(i) State what authentication technique will be used for this.

[1]
(ii) Identify what hardware will be in place to restrict the access to the LAN.

[1]

(c) “I understand if the network is to be a wired network, there is a choice about the type of
cabling used.”
Name and describe two types of cabling. Suggest a benefit for each cable type. The
benefits should be different.

Cable type 1

Description

Benefit

Cable type 2

Description

Benefit

[6]

(d) “Many customer enquiries will be dealt with over the World Wide Web; so each computer in
the LAN needs access to the Internet”.

Name the additional hardware needed to provide access to the Internet.

[1]

© UCLES 2014 9691/31/M/J/14


15

(e) “With the Internet connection, I am concerned that we will get unauthorised access to our
LAN.”

Name the hardware and/or software needed to prevent unauthorised access.

[1]

(f) “Customer Services staff must be able to get access to a centralised store of customer data.
Our business deals with thousands of customers. They produce millions of transactions.”

Explain what hardware and software will be needed to enable this.

Hardware

Software

[3]

© UCLES 2014 9691/31/M/J/14 [Turn over


Page 8 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
GCE A LEVEL – May/June 2014 9691 31

1 (a) A number of computers which are connected ... (1)


Over a small ‘geographical’ area / or by example – site / building (1)
A. over a short distance [2]

(b) (i) Use of (user IDs with a) password


Use of biometrics / fingerprint / retina scanner [1]

(ii) domain controller // file server to authenticate log-ons


fingerprint/retina scanner
A. firewall [1]

(c) Possible benefits

Optic fibre:
• data travels at the speed of light / provides for faster data transfer
• not affected by moisture / (electro-magnetic) interference
• impossible for the data to be hacked
• high bandwidth possible

Twisted pair:
• less chance of interference from magnetic forces in close proximity
• low cost
• easy to work with // flexible

Coaxial:
• difficult for the data to be hacked into
• screened to avoid (electro-magnetic) interference

Mark as: 2 × 3 marks per type [6]

(d) Router [1]

(e) Firewall //proxy server [1]

(f) Hardware …
Large amount of hard-disk storage
Database server

Software …
Database Management Software (A. DBMS)
R. database

Computers must have some form of ‘client software’ to access the database //
Software must be specially written to access the DBMS // A. ‘browser’ if
followed by some form of explanation [Max 3]

© Cambridge International Examinations 2014


17

2 (a) Below are some terms and definitions for devices used for networking. For
Examiner's
Use
(i) Match up each device on the left with its definition. Draw a line connecting each
description to the appropriate network device.

(ii) Complete the missing component name.

Hardware or software to control


Router unauthorised access to a private
network

Hardware used to convert


Bridge analogue signals to digital signals
(and vice versa)

Hardware used to connect nodes


Firewall
in a circuit switching network

Circuit board which connects the


Switch
computer to a network

Device to direct packets across a


Modem
packet switched network

Device used to connect two bus


network segments to allow
communication between all nodes

[6]

© UCLES 2013 9691/33/O/N/13 [Turn over


18

(b) (i) Networks use a variety of different media for communication. For
Examiner's
Use
Name and describe two of these media.

Medium 1

Medium 2

[4]

(ii) A new communication link is to be constructed in a network.

Name one factor that will be considered when deciding on the medium to be used.

[1]

© UCLES 2013 9691/33/O/N/13


Page 8 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
GCE A LEVEL – October/November 2013 9691 33

2 (a) (i)

Hardware or software to control


Firewall
unauthorised access to a private network

Hardware used to convert analogue


Modem
signals to digital signals (and vice versa)

Hardware used to connect nodes in a


Switch
circuit switching network

Network
Circuit board which connects the
Interface
computer to a network
card

Device to direct packets across a packet


Router
switched network

Device used to connect two bus network


Bridge segments to allow communication
between all nodes

[5]

(ii) Network (Interface) card [1]

(b) (i) Copper wire/coaxial/twisted pair


Wire conducts electricity // changing current denotes different signals
Optic fibre cabling
Separate fibres used for separate signal
Data travels very fast
Signal transmitted as light pulses/travels at the speed of light
Radio/Microwave signals
Wireless communication // allows for mobile communication
Mark as 2 × 2 MAX 4

(ii) Maximum possible distance [1]


Speed of communication // data transfer rate [1]
MAX 1

[Total: 11]

© Cambridge International Examinations 2013


12

3 (a) Describe two different media used for the transmission of data across a wide area For
network. Examiner's
Use

[4]

(b) A company has three retail shops – Shop A, Shop B and Shop C – located in different
towns.

• Shop A has a Local Area Network (LAN) consisting of five computers.


o A file server on this network (ServerX) contains all the administration and
order processing data for all three shops.
o A second file server (ServerY) authenticates all logons.
• Shop B and Shop C each have a single computer which connect to the network of
Shop A.

The shops are connected over a Wide Area Network (WAN) using a star topology.

Complete the diagram showing the additional hardware needed for this LAN and WAN.

Shop B

Shop A

Shop C
[4]

© UCLES 2012 9691/31/O/N/12


13

(c) The LAN in Shop A is to be expanded to 40 computers. The computers are to be For
organised as two network segments. Examiner's
Use

What additional hardware is required? Explain its purpose.

Hardware

Explanation

[2]

(d) The management is considering setting up a company intranet.

(i) Describe two benefits to the company that an intranet could provide.

[2]

(ii) Intranet content will be viewed with browser software available on all computers.

Name the type of file server used to make the intranet pages available.

[1]

© UCLES 2012 9691/31/O/N/12 [Turn over


Page 6 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
GCE A LEVEL – October/November 2012 9691 31

3 (a) Two different media


-Copper wire
o Use of the existing telephone network
o Dedicated leased-line
o Broadband enabled line

-Optic fibre cabling


o Uses light // Data travels at the speed of light
o High bandwidth possible
o Many signals can be sent on a single fibre

-Radio signals
o Satellite communications

-Microwave signals
o Communication must be a straight line from sender to receiver [4]

(b)

Shop B

Shop A

Shop C
Connections from Shop B and Shop C to Shop A
Server X (File Server) connected to the LAN
Server Y (Domain Controller) connected to the LAN
Modem (either at A, B or C)
Firewall (either at A, B or C)
Router (At Shop A only) [4]

(c) Bridge
Allows for communication between the two segments [2]

© Cambridge International Examinations 2012


Page 7 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
GCE A LEVEL – October/November 2012 9691 31

(d) (i) Benefits of an Intranet


Improved communication between shops
Provide information which is only available to company employees / restricted access
Limited access
Webmaster need only be concerned about the browser used by the company
Better security over company data/information [2]

(ii) Web server [1]

© Cambridge International Examinations 2012


C165435_COMP2_Jan_2009 8/5/08 15:56 Page 6

6 Areas outside
the box will
not be scanned
for marking

6 A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the address of a resource on the Internet. For
example, http://www.aqa.org.uk/qual/gce/computing_new.php.

Explain the different parts of this address.

6 (i) http://....................................................................................................................................

6 (ii) www.aqa.org.uk ..................................................................................................................

6 (iii) /qual/gce/computing_new.php ............................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................
(3 marks)

(06)
M/Jan09/COMP2
6 (a) (i) the protocol used
// this is the hypertext transfer protocol; 1

(ii) address of Aqa’s World Wide Web server;


R domain name 1

(iii) the path/location of the file/resource;


OR description of folder structure; 1

4
Areas outside
2 the box will
not be scanned
for marking

Answer all questions in the spaces provided.

1 (a) Put one tick on each row of Table 1 to classify each of (i), (ii) and (iii) as either a
URL, a Domain Name, an IP address or a Protocol.

Table 1

Domain IP
URL Protocol
Name Address

(i) http://www.guineas.co.uk

(ii) 212.58.251.195

(iii) guineas.co.uk

(3 marks)

1 (b) What is the purpose of a Domain Name Server on the Internet?

.............................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)
____
4

(02)
M/Jan10/COMP2
Computing COMP2 - AQA GCE Mark Scheme 2010 January series

1 (a) URL Domain IP Prot


Name Address ocol
(i) 9
http://www.guineas
.co.uk

(ii) 9
212.58.251.195

(iii) guineas.co.uk 9

1 mark for each correctly placed tick


R Answers with more than one tick on a row. 3

1 (b) To translate/convert/resolve domain names into IP addresses;


A FQDN for domain name
Answer must have the CONCEPT of an action
NE To store the domain names and IP Addresses
NE To access the web page without knowing the IP address
NE To link the domain name to the IP address 1

3
Do not write
11 outside the
box

10 To request a particular web page on the Internet a user will need to enter into the
address bar of their web browser a Uniform Resource Locator (URL).
This is in the form of:

http://www.aqa.org.uk/courses/computing.html

10 (a) The first part http:// is the protocol.

Describe the following parts of this URL.

aqa.org.uk

............................................................................................................................................

courses/computing.html

............................................................................................................................................
(2 marks)

10 (b) What is a protocol?

............................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

10 (c) A requested page might be found locally on an intranet or it may be found on the
Internet.

State two similarities between an intranet and the Internet.

1 ..........................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................

2 ..........................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................
(2 marks)

10 (d) 192.120.12.67 is a typical IP address.

Why do people prefer to use a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) rather than an IP
address?

............................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)
____
6

Turn over

(11)
M/Jan11/COMP2
10 a (aqa.org.uk) domain name;
R FQDN
(courses/computing.html) path name // location of
file/resource/object/document // path of
file/resource/object/document;
NE file name 2

10 b A set of (agreed) rules / codes / signals (for data


exchange between systems);
Agreed standard for communication between computer MAX
systems; 1

10 c Both use the same protocol;


Both are client-server based;
Both have a similar purpose // both used to share
information/data/resources; A access
Both use TCP/IP;
Both are accessed through the use of a URL;
Concept that web pages can be accessed through a MAX
web browser on either system // use of same software; 2

10 d Easier to remember a FQDN or converse for IP address


i.e.
IP addresses are less memorable;
FQDN can identify (to a human) what a site is whereas MAX
an IP address cannot // easier to understand; 1
C138290_CPT1.qxd 6/2/40 5:43 am Page 11

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9 The following is the identifier of a web page.

http://www.aqa.org.uk/qual/index.html

Explain what each of the following parts of the above identifier mean.

(i) http............................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(ii) www .........................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(iii) org.............................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(iv) uk..............................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(v) qual ...........................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(vi) index.html.................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

END OF QUESTIONS

M/0105/CPT1
GCE - Computing Mark Scheme

9. (i) hypertext transfer protocal//protocal (used) // set of rules (used);


R http format 1

(ii) www means it is a web site / web page / is on the web / on a web server;
R Internet
R world wide web on its own (n.e.) 1

(iii) (org means it is) an organisation/non-profit making;


A the type of organisation 1

(iv) the country of origin//based/registered in the UK;


A site in the UK R country on its own (n.e.) 1

(v) the folder name//the subdirectory;


A the directory; 1

(vi) the file name//the page to be viewed;


A the document name 1

Total 6

Grand Total 65

END OF CPT1 MARK SCHEME

8
C150992_CPT1 6/12/06 13:03 Page 10

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8 Figure 5 shows the home page for the Intranet site of XYZ College.

Figure 5
Simple Text Version Intranet External site IT Help desk Weather Site First Class
Computer Availability Learning Resources Staff Room Student Services
Business XYZ College Intranet Quick Links
Accounts UCAS CARDS COURSE QUALITY QUESTIONNAIRE
Economics Would all year one students read the intranet notice about applying for a UCAS card Bulletin
and follow the instructions, please? This needs completing before the end of term. Student ....... .....
Read the
Business Studies
.... ...... .. ..... ... ..
. .....
...... ...... ... .. .. .. .. . .... ......
.. ..... .. ... ..... .. .. .. . ..
.. .. .. . .... ...... ....... ..... .. ... .....
.. ... ..... .. .. .. . ..

Applied Business
....... ..... .. ... .....
..... ... .. ....... .....
.... ...... .. ..... ... ..
..... ... .. ....... .....
.... ...... .. ..... ... ..
.. .. .. .
.... ......
.. ... ..... .. .. .. . ..
Student
.. .. .. . .... ...... ....... ..... .. ... .....

Leisure Studies and Travel STUDENT COUNCIL ELECTIONS


.. ... ..... .. .. .. . ..
....... ..... .. ... .....
..... ... ..
..... ... ..
Bulletin
& Tourism To all students
Humanities There are 21 students standing for election as your Student Council and they are
prepared to give their time and ef forts to support you during your time at XYZ College. ucas.com
Archaeology
Information Available Here
English
Geology EXAM CERTIFICATES Careers Information
Year 2 students – please collect your AS exam certificates from the Exams Of fice.
Geography
Government and Politics WRITING AN EFFECTIVE
History APPLICATIONS FOR UCAS CARD PERSONAL STATEMENT
Year one students thinking of going to university are advised to apply for a UCAS
Law
(Universities and Colleges Admissions Service) Card by completing the registration STUDENT COUNCIL
Philosophy on the UCAS web site this term. Intranet site
Psychology
Religious Studies The card will enable you to receive constant updates from UCAS and also discounts Search Engines
Sociology at selected shops and stores. You will be able to use it when we take you to the
Higher Education Fair at ThisTown next March. Any university stands you visit will be Engine 1
Information Technology able to take an imprint of your personal details to maintain contact with you. This can
Computing save a great deal of time and trouble for you. Engine 2

(a) (i) What is an Intranet? ...................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(ii) Give two reasons why a student would use this Intranet site.

1..................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

2..................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................
(2 marks)

M/Jan07/CPT1
C150992_CPT1 6/12/06 13:03 Page 11

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(b) The college also has an external website shown in Figure 6.

Figure 6
Address http://www.xyzcollege.ac.uk/index.htm
Home Contacts Location Information Vacancies Links Downloads Overseas Students Services to Business Sports Academy

Search For in Courses Go

<
Courses Results News Events Profiles Enrichment Campus Support Moving On F AQs
The Campus Campus The Rollins Building
Please select a building to The College occupies a site of eight hectares, of which 70% is sports fields, in the The Learning
view the wide range of south of ThisTown. Resource Centre
facilities that the college The Rollins Buidling
has to offer. The College buildings range in age from 1947 to 2003 and take their names from
some of the world’s finest jazz musicians.
The Rogers Building Over the period 2000 – 2003, two major building projects have resulted in the Davis The Davis Building
There is currently no Building and the Rollins Building, each providing outstanding facilities for teaching Music
information listed for this and learning, with additional facilities for music and sport. Also in 2003, the Max Modern Languages
building. Roach Learning Resource Centre, at the heart of the campus, was extended and
completely refurbished.
The Zawinal Building The Coltrane Building
Plans are currently in place for more new building, extension and refurbishment as
Art and Design the College grows both in size and reputation. The Coltrane Building

Explain the various parts of the address bar contents.

(i) http

....................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(ii) www

....................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(iii) xyzcollege.ac.uk

....................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................
(2 marks)

7

M/Jan07/CPT1 Turn over


Computing - AQA GCE Mark Scheme 2007 January series

8 (a) (i) an internal web site/set of web pages // web site local to an
organisation ;
(web) pages which can only be viewed with authority/provided with
access from the organisation ;
A. provides internet facilities within the organisation
A. a LAN which uses internet protocol ;
max 1
R. Local internet
R. LAN description (alone)

(ii) access to / links to resources for learning / access to subject sites ;

anything related to the menu bar ;

access to resources about College facilities ;


info about / news items / read the student bulletin / exams certificates
;

links to UCAS / writing a personal statement / Student council / use


the search engines / access to external web sites max 2

(b) (i) Hypertext transfer protocol // protocol; 1

(ii) the pages to be accessed are on the world wide web / (the pages
accessed are from) a web site ; 1
R. world wide web (only)

(iii) the domain name / XYZCollege.ac.uk is the College’s domain name


;
the domain name is registered in the United Kingdom ; R. ‘hosted
in’ ….
.ac is an academic/educational institution / .ac is the type of
institution ;
A. .ac.uk is the type of site / is the top level domain
the alternative to using/the user friendly version of the IP address //
has an equivalent IP address ;
what is held on a Domain Name Server ; max 2

Total 7

8
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6 An example of a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is http://www.bbc.co.uk/history.

(a) What part of the above URL constitutes the domain name?

...........................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(b) Using the URL, explain what each part can tell us.

(i) http............................................................................................................................

(ii) www .........................................................................................................................

(iii) bbc ............................................................................................................................

(iv) co ..............................................................................................................................

(v) uk..............................................................................................................................

(vi) history.......................................................................................................................
(6 marks)

(c) The IP address of the above site is 212.58.224.32.

(i) What is the relationship between the IP address and the domain name?

..................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(ii) If each group of digits is stored in one byte, what is the range of possible IP
addresses?

..................................................................................................................................
(2 marks)

10

Turn over
M/S03/CPT1
Mark Scheme Advanced Subsidiary – Computing (Unit 1)

6 (a) bbc.co.uk; www.bbc.co.uk; 1

(b) (i) (hypertext transfer) protocol / protocol used / set of rules used; R http
format

(ii) www means it is a web site/web page/is on the web; R Internet

on a web server/the machine name;

world wide web on its own n.e.

(iii) (bbc is the)) organisation’s/company’s name/keyword/identifier/ site


name/site owner;

(iv) (co means it is a) company; A corporation; the type of organisation;

(v) uk means the country of origin is the UK/based in UK/A site in the UK;

where it is based/located;

(vi) history is the folder name/subdirectory

(which contains a file with default name of index.html);

OR A history is the page/filename of the web sit/part of the site; A


(specific) topic; 6

(c) (i) domain name has a single IP address;

computer looks up domain name on a (domain) name server

which tells the computer the IP address;

domain name is user-friendly representation of IP number;

IP number/address is numerical representation of domain name;

Domain name maps onto IP address; one-to-one; 1

(ii) 0.0.0.0 / 0;

to 255.255.255.255 / 232-1 / 2564-1; 4294967295;

each group of digits is in the range 0-255;; 2

Total 10

klm 7