Sei sulla pagina 1di 6

Mr.

Kamal Science 01115671119


3 Prep – First Term-Unit One-Lesson (1)
Motion:
The change of an object position as time passes
according to the position of another object。
The Types of Motion:
1-Straight Line Motion 2- Curving Motion
3- A combination of both
The Simplest Type of Motion:
Straight Line Motion
Description of Motion:Fast & Slow
Factors needed to describe Motion (Movement):
1-Length 2- Time
*We use Length and Time to describe a physical
Quantity called Speed.
Speed:
The distance moved through a unite time.
Speed=change in distance/ change in time
Units for measuring speed:
Meter/second (m/s)
Kilometer/hour (km/s) for cars & Trains & Planes
Function of speedometer:
It is used to identify the speed of the car directly.
What is meant by?
Q1: The speedometer pointer points to 72?
A1 : This means that the car speed =73 km/h=
20m/s
What is meant by?
Q2: The car moves at regular (uniform) speed?
A2: This means that:
1- The reading of the car speedometer stays
constant during the travel
2- The car covers equal distances in equal periods
of time.
What happens in the following case?
Q3: The movement of a car is at a regular (uniform)
speed?
A3: The car covers equal distances in equal periods
of time
Q4: Write the law that is used for calculating the
speed of a moving object if both distance and time
are short?
A4:V=d/t for regular (uniform) speed only
Q5: what is meant by:
A car is moving by an irregular (Average) speed?
A5: this means that the car is moving on a road, so
its speed changes according to traffic i.e. the car
speed do not stay constant
Q6: Complete the following:
If the speed of the car does not stay constant, so
the car is described as moving at ---------------speed
or -------------speed.
Q7: Write the law that is used for describing the
Irregular (Average) speed?
A7: Average speed=
Total distance covered / total time taken
What is meant by: -----------?
Q8: The speed of a car is uniform?
A8: This means that the car covers equal distances
in equal periods of time.
Q9: The speed of a car is non-uniform?
A9: This means that the car:
 May cover equal distances at unequal periods
of time
 May cover unequal distances at equal periods
of time
Q10: Problem:
A runner covered a distance of 100 m of a
straight track in 10 sec. Then, he returned back
walking. He took 80 sec to come back to the
starting point of running .Calculate the racer
average speed.
A10:
Average speed= Total distance/ Total Time
Average speed= 100+100/10+80
Average speed= 200/90 =2.2 m/s
Relative Speed:
 Measuring speeds depends on the position of
the observer (standing on the ground & in the
slow car & in the fast car) who determines the
magnitude of speeds.
Q11: Problem
If there is a person in a car that moves at 80km
in a certain direction .Then, a car moves at 90
km passed him in the same direction.
1- What is speed of the slow car relative to the
observer standing on the ground?------ km/h
2- What is speed of the fast car relative to the
observer standing on the ground? ------ km/h
3- What is speed of the fast car relative to the
passenger in the slow car? ------------- km/h
Important Questions in School Book
1- Complete:-
The result of multiplying a speed of a moving object
by time= -------------------------------
2- Write the scientific term:
(a) A moving object covers equal distances
at equal periods of time.(--------------------)
(b) The total distance that a moving object
covers divided by the total time taken to
cover this distance. (------------------------)
(c) The value of a car speed relative to the
observer. (-------------------------------)
3- What is meant by:
(a) The average speed of a moving car is 70
km/h.---------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------
(b) A car moving at a uniform speed=80km
----------------------------------------------------------