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MULTI-PHASE SIZING

0705

TS40 Control Valve Selection for

Multi-Phase Flows

kent introl t MULTI-PHASE SIZING 0705 TS40 Control Valve Selection for Multi-Phase Flows

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MULTI-PHASE SIZING

0705

Contents

Contents

TS40.1 Nomenclature

2

TS40 Control Valve Selection for Multi-Phase Fluid Flows

3

4

TS40.2 Multi-phase Flow Valve Sizing Procedure

5

TS40.3 Process/Application Data Requirements

6

TS41 Multi-phase Sizing

7

TS41.1.1 Introduction

7

TS41.1.2Definition of Multi-phase Parameters

8

TS41.2.1Multi-phase Sizing Equations

9

TS42 Multi-phase Velocity

15

TS42.1 Introduction

15

TS42.1 Factors Influencing Velocity Limitations

15

TS42.2 Basis of Velocity Calculations

16

TS42.3 Procedure

17

Influencing Velocity Limitations 15 TS42.2 Basis of Velocity Calculations 16 TS42.3 Procedure 17 Page 2

Page 2

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TS40 Control Valve Selection for Multi-Phase Fluid Flows

Selection of a control valve for a multi-phase flow application involves a number of factors, which should be considered in a logical sequence. This section of the Technical Manual provides the information necessary to consider these factors, which include C V calculation, fluid velocity and noise level prediction. It is important to note that omission of these aspects could lead to incorrect selection of a control valve for a particular application.

It should be noted that the process of sizing multi-phase fluids is extremely complicated involving phase transfer of energy.

The process and application information necessary to fully specify the size and type of valve required is detailed, together with a flow chart indicating the sequence of steps involved.

The C V calculation includes consideration of the various flow regimes.

To ensure correct selection of valve size and to maximise operational life, fluid velocity calculations and limitations are detailed for the various flow regimes.

Page 3

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Nomenclature

Unit

C V

K V

C f

d

D

P 1

P 2

P

P

sl

P l(limit)

P

sg

P g(limit)

Description

Imp

Valve Flow Coefficient

U.S. units

Valve Flow Coefficient

S.I. units

Valve Pressure Recovery Factor

-

Valve Bore Size

inches

Pipe Bore Size

inches

Upstream Pressure

p.s.i.a.

Downstream Pressure Pressure Drop across Valve

p.s.i.

p.s.i.a.

Sizing Pressure Drop for Liquid Phasep.s.i. Limiting Pressure Drop for Critical Flow of liquid phase

p.s.i.

Sizing Pressure Drop for Gas Phase

p.s.i.

Limiting Pressure Drop for Critical Flow of gas phase

p.s.i.

P sg(dissolved) Sizing Pressure Drop for dissolved vapour p.s.i.

T 1

Q L

W L

Q g(ref) Volume Flow Rate of gas phase

Inlet Temperature

Volume Flow Rate of liquid phase Mass Flow Rate of liquid phase

°F

S ft 3 /hr

U.S.gall./min

lb/hr

Wg

Mass Flow Rate of gas phase

X

Gas/vapour fraction (W g /W tot )

X

V

Gas/vapour fraction (Q g /Q tot )

-

K Expansion correction factor gas phase-

G Specific Gravity

M W

Molecular Weight of gas/vapour phase

F

K

γ/1.4 (γ=ratio of specific heats)

Z

Compressibility factor for gas/vapour

Vg

Gas/vapour phase Fluid Velocity

V

L

Liquid phase Fluid Velocity

-

ft/sec

lb/hr

-

-

-

-

ft/sec

SPL Sound Pressure Level

B Liquid noise efficiency term

H 1

Z 1

Liquid noise trim style correction

Liquid noise bulk flow factor

-

-

dBA

dB

X

Pressure Coefficient gas noise

Y

Pressure Ratio Coefficient gas noise

Zg

Gas flow bulk noise factor

Hg

Trim style attenuation factor

T

Valve opening reduction

Subscripts

1

Upstream

2

Downstream

g

refers to gas/vapour phase

l

refers to liquid stage

Tot or TOT

Total

Dissolved

refers to dissolved gas

s

sizing

a

void fraction

A

flow area

-

-

dB

-

dB

 

SI

U.S. units

S.I. units

 

-

mm

mm

BarA

BarA

BarA

Bar

 

Bar

Bar

 

Bar

Bar

°C

 

m 3 /hr kg/hr

Nm 3 /hr

 

kg/hr

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

 

m/sec

m/sec

 

dBA

-

 

dB

-

 

-

-

-

dB

 

dB

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Multi-phase Flow Valve Sizing Procedure

The following flowchart details the overall sequence of steps used during the sizing and selection of a control valve for a multi phase flow application. For individual consideration of multi-phase sizing, multi-phase velocity and multi phase noise prediction, reference should be made to Sections TS41, TS42 and TS43 respectively.

START Select Trim Style* (single stage) * Usually preferred due to interstage erosion problems on
START
Select Trim Style* (single stage)
* Usually preferred due to interstage erosion
problems on multiphase liquids
Convert flowrates to flow by weight
Determine gas/vapour fraction
Is dissolved gas content
known
Yes
Determine the CV (use 2 term equation) No
Determine the CV (use 3 term equation)
Select Design CV and Valve Size
Determine C f value at valve opening
Re-calculate CV using appropriate equations
N
Is Design CV OK?
Calculate Flow Velocities
N
Yes
Is Velocity OK?
Select Design CV & Valve Size
Yes
Calculate Sound Pressure Level
N
Select Different Trim Style
Is SPL OK
Yes
END

Process/Application Data Requirements

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The information required to fully specify the size and type of valve for multi-phase service applications can be broken down into different categories. For valve sizing and selection, this information can be classified as essential, preferred or additional. The following chart categorises the information required into these three areas. The information presented here relates to valve selection only, for actuator selection refer to TS8O.

 

Process Units

 

Flow Units -

 

Temp Units -

 
 

Flow Condition

 

Max

Normal

Minimum

1

Quantity

 

2

Line Fluid

     

3

Liquid Phase Flow Rate

       
 

Gas/vapour Phase Flow Rate

       

4

 

Inlet

     

5

Pressures

Outlet

     

6

6 P      

P

     

7

Temp. at Inlet

     

8

SpecificGravity/Molecular Weight M W

             

9

Compressibility Factor, Z

       

10

Vapour Pressure/Ratio of Specific Heats, γ

           

11

Critical Pressure

     

12

DP Actuator Sizing

       

13

Design Press./Temp.

       

14

Line Size In/Out/Sch.

       

15

   

16

Predicted SPL (dBA)

       

17

Calculated Cv

     

18

   

19

Valve Size

C.M.

Trim

     

20

Body Form

Design CV

   

21

Catalogue No.

 

22

End Conns. Style

Rating

   

23

Rated Press.

Temp.

   

24

Body Material

 

25

 

No of Seats

Design

   

26

Trim

Type

Rings

   

27

Char’s

Flow Dir

   

28

Material

     

29

Type of Bonnet

 

30

Packing

Lub. /Lub No

   

31

Max. Leakage

 

32

Stem Dia

Valve Duty

   

Absolute minimum flow information (essential)

Absolute minimum flow information (essential)

Information required for full analysis (preferred)

Information required for full analysis (preferred)

Additional design information

Additional design information

Full valve specification

Full valve specification

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TS41

Multi-phase Sizing

Introduction

When two phases, one incompressible and the other compressible flow together ma pipe, a number of different flow patterns may exist, such as bubble, mist, annular and slug flow. Therefore the prediction of the behaviour of the two-phase flow is very complicated. In contrast to single component flows, for which relatively simple flow equations can be derived, the flow equations for two component flows are very complicated and cannot be applied directly to the valve sizing problem. The complexity of the equations is attributable to the fact that the flow cannot be assumed to be homogeneous or in a state of thermodynamic equilibrium.

Valve manufacturers have relied heavily on the limited data available for two-phase flows through valves or flow restrictions such as orifice plates. This information is limited to certain flow conditions and even then has a high level of uncertainty.

Experimental data for such flows is in general for low pressures. In applying this to a valve sizing technique the data has to be scaled to high pressure applications. In a single-phase flow this is a relatively simple task, however, in a multi-component flow this is extremely difficult and leads to greater inaccuracies.

Introl in conjunction with a major oil company, have developed the multi-phase sizing procedure presented here. The procedure has been proven by numerous flow tests and field data, and has shown to be a reliable engineering tool for selecting control valves operating on multi-phase flow applications.

Definition of Multi-phase Parameters

Gas Fraction

This is the ratio of the gas/vapour phase mass flow rate to the total two-phase mass flow rate.

X =

Slip Ratio

W

W TOT

When a two-phase fluid flows along a pipe the velocity of each phase will be different. The slip ratio is the ratio of the gas/vapour phase velocity to the liquid phase velocity.

S =

u

g

u

t

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Void Fraction

This is the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the gas phase to the cross-sectional area of the pipe.

a =

A

g

A

Gas Oil Ratio (GOR)

Used to quantify the amount of gas in relation to the amount of oil. GOR is the number of Sft 3 of gas per barrel of oil.

Gas Solution Ratio, Rs

Quantifies the amount of gas dissolved in a liquid, i.e. the number of Nm 3 /hr of gas per m 3 /hr of liquid.

Multi-phase Sizing Equations

a) Gas/Vapour Fraction

The valve sizing equations for multi-phase flows are presented for simplicity, in terms of a total mass flow rate and a gas/vapour fraction. In the event of flow rates being presented in volumetric units then the first stage in the multi-phase calculation procedure is to convert volume flows into mass flow rates.

Convert to flow by weight

IMPERIAL

USGPM to lb/hr

W

l

= 501× G × Q

l

ft 3 /hr to lb/hr

ft 3 /hr to lb/hr

W

l

= 62.43 × G × Q

W

g

=

P M

1

W

Z

×

10.72

×

(460

+

T

1

)

S. ft 3 /hr to lb/hr

× Q

g

W

g

= 0.0028 × M

W

× Q

gl

METRIC

m 3 to kg/hr

W

l

= 1000 × G × Q

l

m 3 to kg/hr

W

g

=

P

1

5

× 10 ×

M

W

Z

×

8314

×

(273

+

T

1

)

Nm 3 /hr to kg/hr

W

g

= 0.0044 × M

W

× Q

gl

× Q

g

l

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Calculate the mass flow rate

W TOT

= W + W

l

g

Calculate gas/vapour pressure

X =

W

g

W TOT

b) Sizing Pressure Drop for Liquid Phase

Calculate supercooled vapour pressure  P  V = P  0.96 − 028 
Calculate supercooled vapour pressure
P
V
=
P
0.96
028
P VC
V
P
C

Determine the limiting liquid phase pressure drop

corresponding to the occurrence of critical flow. Refer to

Table 41.1 for values of Cr

p = C P P

lim it

f

1

V

2

(

)

Set the liquid phase sizing pressure drop, psl. If the pressure drop across the valve is less than the limiting pressure drop then the liquid phase is normal and

∆ =∆

p

Sl

p

If the pressure drop across the valve is greater than the

limiting pressure drop, then the liquid phase is critical

and

∆ =∆

p

Sl

p

l

lim

it

c) Sizing Pressure Drop for Gas/Vapour Phase

Calculate limiting pressure drop for gas vapour phase

p

g

lim

it

=

2 C f K
2
C
f
K

F RP

1

where

and

C

f

= 1.33 × C

R = 0.47
R = 0.47

R = 0.47

f

Refer to Table 41.1 for values of C f or the valve opening is known Figure 41.2.

Set the sizing pressure drop for gas/vapour phase.

If the pressure drop across the valve is less than or equal to the limiting pressure drop the gas/vapour phase is normal and

∆ =∆

p

Sg

p

If the pressure drop is greater than the limiting pressure drop then the gas/vapour phase is critical and

∆ =∆

p

Sg

p

g

lim

it

d) Calculate Phase Specific Volumes

Liquid Phase

IMPERIAL

 

0.016

ν

l

=

G

METRIC

 
 

0.001

ν

l

=

G

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Gas/vapour Phase

 
 

IMPERIAL

 
 

=

Z

×

10.72

×

(

460 +

T

)

ν

g

M

W

×

P

1

METRIC

 
 

=

Z

×

8314

×

(

273 +

T

)

ν

g

M

W

×

P

1

 

e) Calculate the Expansion Correction Factor

K = −

1

p

2 C P f 1
2
C P
f
1

where

γ =− 

0.65

F

K

0.92


γ

or refer to Figure 41.1

f) Calculate Valve Flow Coefficient – Two Phase

IMPERIAL

 

Cv

=

0.0159

×

W

TOT

2 XK ν ( 1 − X ) ν g l + ∆ p ∆
2
XK
ν
(
1
− X
)
ν
g
l
+
p
p
sg
sl

METRIC

 

Cv

=

0.0368

×

W

TOT

2 XK ν ( 1 − X ) ν g l + ∆ p ∆
2
XK
ν
(
1
− X
)
ν
g
l
+
p
p
sg
sl

g) Calculate Valve Flow Coefficient - Three Phase

On many choke applications there is a combination of oil, vapour and water in the flowing media. In such a case, the differences in the liquids specific gravity and the limiting pressure drops must be accounted for in the sizing procedure. The previous two-term equation has been modified so that the sizing pressure drop can be calculated for each liquid phase.

Water phase

The water phase sizing pressure drop is pslw and pslo should be calculated using the equations presented in (b) of this procedure using the water fluid properties.

X lw is the fraction of water present by weight, i.e.

X =

W lw

W TOT

Oil phase

The oil phase sizing pressure drop is pslo and should be calculated using the procedure presented in (b) using the liquid hydrocarbon (oil) fluid properties.

X lo is the fraction of oil present by weight, i.e.

X

lw

=

W lw

W TOT

The sizing equations are:-

IMPERIAL

Cv

=

0.0159

×

W

TOT

2 XK ν X ν X ν g lo lo lw lw + + ∆
2
XK
ν
X
ν
X
ν
g
lo lo
lw lw
+
+
p
p
p
sg
slo
slw

METRIC

Cv

=

0.0368

×

W

TOT

2 XK ν X ν X ν g lo lo lw lw + + ∆
2
XK
ν
X
ν
X
ν
g
lo lo
lw lw
+
+
p
p
p
sg
slo
slw

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h) Calculate Valve Flow Coefficient - Gas Solution Ratio Known (Dissolved Gas Content)

If the gas solution ratio is known this means that the amount of dissolved gas within the liquid phase can be calculated. This dissolved gas will come out of solution as the fluid flows through the valve. The effect of this on the sizing can be taken into account by utilizing the procedure detailed below. This will lead to more a accurate calculation of the flow coefficient.

X free is the free gas content by weight

X dissolved is the dissolved gas content by weight

The sizing pressure drop for the dissolved gas can be determined from the equation below.

p

sg

(

dissolved

)

=

2

C P

f

1

 P   1 0.96 − 028    P  C 
P
1
0.96
028
P
C

The sizing equation becomes:

IMPERIAL 2 X K ν X ν X ν X ν free g lo lo
IMPERIAL
2
X
K
ν
X
ν
X
ν
X
ν
free
g
lo
lo
lw lw
dissolved lo
Cv
=
0.0159
×
W
+
+
+
TOT
p
p
p
p
sg
slo
slw
sg dissolved
(
)
METRIC
2
X
K
ν
X
ν
X
ν
X
ν
free
g
lo lo
lw lw
dissolved lo
Cv
=
0.0368
×
W
+
+
+
TOT
p
p
p
p
sg
slo
slw
sg dissolved
(
)
Note: The sizing pressure drops ∆ and
p
∆p
lo
slw

should be calculated using the procedure shown on TS41.2.1 and using the respective fluid properties.

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Table 41.1 Valve Pressure Recovery and Incipient Cavitation Coefficients

 

Valve Type

Trim Style

Trim Size

Flow Direction

C

f

K 1

 

Microspline

All sizes

Over

0.95

0.95

   

Under

0.9

0.8

Contoured

Full

Over

0.85

0.81

Series 10

 

Under

0.9

0.8

 

Reduced

Over

0.8

0.82

 

Ported

All sizes

Over or under

0.93

0.9

HF, HFD, HFT

All sizes

Over or under

1

0.95

     

Under

0.9

0.8

Contoured

Full

Over

0.85

0.81

 

Under

0.9

0.8

Series 14

 

Reduced

Over

0.8

0.82

 

Ported

All sizes

Over or under

0.93

0.9

 

HF

All sizes

Over or under

1

0.95

   

Ported

Full

Over or under

0.92

0.9

 

HF

All sizes

Over or under

0.97

0.95

Series 12

 

XHF

All sizes

Over or under

0.98

0.95

 

HFD

All sizes

Over or under

0.99

0.95

XHFD,HFT,XHFT

All sizes

Over or under

0.97

0.95

   

Full

 

0.9

0.87

Series 20

Contoured

Reduced

Over and under

0.8

0.84

HF, HFD, HFT

All sizes

Over and under

1

0.95

Series 30/31

‘V’ Port

All sizes

Mixing and diverting

0.91

0.9

 

4

Stage

All sizes

Over

1*

0.95*

Series 51/57

7

Stage

All sizes

Over

1*

0.95*

   

<30%

 

0.98

0.9

Series 61/62

 

Vane

Open

Through

0.9

0.75

 

<30%

 

1**

0.9

 

Vane and baffle

Open

Through

0.98**

0.9

     

Under

0.9

0.8

Contoured

Full

Over

0.45

0.84

   

Under

0.95

0.8

Reduced

Over

0.5

0.82

Series 70/71

 

Ported

All sizes

Over or under

0.92

0.9

 

HF

All sizes

Over or under

0.96

0.92

 

HFD

All sizes

Over or under

0.98

0.95

 

HFT

All sizes

Over or under

0.99

0.95

   

Ported

All sizes

Over or under

0.92

0.9

 

HF

All sizes

Over or under

0.96

0.92

Series

         

72/73/74

 

XHF

All sizes

Over or under

0.97

0.92

 

HFD

All sizes

Over or under

0.98

0.95

XHFD ,HFT, XHFT

All sizes

Over or under

0.99

0.95

 

Cylindrical

All sizes

Through

0.95

0.90

Fixed area

 

Flat

All sizes

Through

0.92

0.90

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Figure 41.2 Valve Pressure Recovery Values for Different Valve Series as a function of Valve Openings

Figure 41.2 Valve Pressure Recovery Values for Different Valve Series as a function of Valve Openings
Figure 41.2 Valve Pressure Recovery Values for Different Valve Series as a function of Valve Openings

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TS42 Multi Phase Velocity

Introduction

In selecting a valve for a multi-phase flow application one of the major considerations is the effect of fluid velocity. High fluid velocities can lead to erosion and vibration problems. The higher velocity of the gas/vapour phase will tend to lead to an increase in the mean flow velocity of the liquid phase leading to the possibility of an erosion problem. This section covers the limitations imposed because of the possible effects of high flow velocities and includes the velocity calculation procedures for multi-phase fluids along with the recommended velocity limits.

Factors Influencing Velocity Limitations

Selection

consideration of fluid velocity which is limited for the following reasons

systems includes the

of

pipework

1)

reduction in pressure loss,

2)

to reduce/eliminate vibration potential,

3)

to minimise erosion damage.

A control valve is considered as a major part of the pipework system and the flow velocity is limited for similar reasons.

Although valve and piping velocity limits apply to mean inlet/outlet flow velocities, it should be noted that the flow through a control valve being highly turbulent would exhibit areas of flow velocity much higher than the mean flow velocity. Additionally, dependant on the trim configuration the flow may impinge directly onto the valve body wall. These factors, together with levels of energy dissipation, mechanical vibration response, and the material of construction influence the recommended maximum levels presented in Table 42.1. and 42.2.

Effect of Valve/Trim Style

Reference to Table 42.1 and 42.2 will reveal varying velocity limits for different valve sizes, trim styles and body material. The reasons for these changes are related to the varying flow paths through the different configurations. For example the recommended velocity levels are higher for cage guided trims because the highest flow velocities, occurring just downstream of the minimum flow area, are contained within the more erosion resistant valve trim. Additionally, in cage guided valves the high levels of energy dissipation are controlled by splitting the flow into small jets with the impingement contained within the guide.

Basis of Velocity Calculation

If the % flash is given or can be calculated then the relative velocities of the two phases, liquid and vapour, can be approximated. A measure of the different phase velocities is given by the slip ratio, s. This is the ratio of the vapour phase to the liquid phase velocity. An expression used to determine this value is shown below.

s = X

ρ

l

ρ

v

+

1

X

1

2

It is evident by examining this expression that as the % flash increases so does the slip ratio, and hence the vapour flow velocity. Furthermore, when the vapour density approaches the liquid density, s tends to 1, and the vapour velocity is almost equal to the liquid velocity.

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Procedure a) Determine the liquid density and downstream vapour density. METRIC ρ = G ×1000
Procedure
a) Determine the liquid density and downstream vapour
density.
METRIC
ρ
=
G ×1000
42.1
l
5
P
×
10
×
M
ρ
2
W
=
42.2
v
2
8314
×
(
T +
273)
2
IMPERIAL
ρ
=
G × 62.43
42.3
l
P
× M
ρ
2
W
=
42.4
v
2
10.72
×
(
T +
460)
2
b) Determine the slip ratio.
1
ρ v
c) Calculate the liquid and vapour phase mass flow rate.
= X × W
W V
42.06
TOT
= 1 − X × W
(
)
W l
42.07
TOT
d) Calculate the downstream vapour and liquid phase
volume flow rates.
W
W
42.08
ρ V
ρ l
2
e) the
Calculate
downstream
vapour
volume
ratio
where:
Q
V 2
X
=
42.09
v
Q TOT
Q
= Q
2 + Q
TOT
V
l

Table 42.1 Recommended Maximum Velocities for Liquid Service

f) Determine the void fraction and phase flow areas.

a =

X V

Liquid phase flow area

A l

= (1 a ) A

tot

Vapour phase flow area

A V

= aA

tot

42.10

42.11

42.12

Note: use the correct area units in the above equations i.e. m 2 for METIC or ft 2 for IMPERIAL

g) Determine the liquid phase flow velocity.

A

l

Q l

× 3600

h) Determine the vapour phase flow velocity.

A

Q

V × 3600

i) Check that the phase velocities do not exceed their recommended maximum levels, see Table 42.1. The vapour phase flow velocity should not exceed 253m/s (830 ft/sec) or 0.3 Mach. For the complete set of velocity limits for gas/vapour flows refer to Table 42.2.

In the case that the % flash cannot be determined then the

valve size is selected based upon the design C V and

making reference to the line size.

be determined then the valve size is selected based upon the design C V and making

s = X

ρ l

1

+ − X

2

42.05

Q V

2 =

V

Q l =

l

(

X V

+

( 1 X

V

)s )

V

l

=

42.13

V V

=

V 2

42.14

kentintrol t

MULTI-PHASE SIZING

0705

Valve Type

Valve Rating

Trim Style

Valve Size

 

Maximum Velocity

 
 

Carbon Steel

   

Alloy Steel

   

Bronze, Cu/Ni Alloys

 

in

mm

 

ft/s

m/s

 

ft/s

 

m/s

 

ft/s

 

m/s

     

0.5-2

15-50

 

41

12.5

 

46

 

14

 

25

 

7.6

3-6

80-150

34

10.4

34

10.4

20

6.2

Series

All

Contoured

8-14

200-350

29

8.9

29

 

8.9

17

5.2

10/14/20

16-18

400-450

22

6.7

22

6.7

13

4

   

20

500

18

5.5

18

5.5

11

3.4

24

600

12

3.7

12

3.7

7

2.1

   

Ported + HF family

1-12

25-300

 

43

13.1

 

52

15.8

 

26

 

7.9

All

14-20

350-500

35

10.7

43

13.1

21

6.4

24

600

25

7.6

35

10.7

15

4.6

   

Ported + HF family

1-12

25-300

43

(60)

13.1

(18.3)

 

52

(70)

15.8

(21.3)

 

26

(35)

7.9

(10.7)

Series 12/51

All

14-20

350-500

35

(50)

10.7

(15.2)

43

(60)

13.1

(18.3)

21

(30)

6.4

(9.1)

24

600

25

(35)

7.6

(10.7)

35

(50)

10.7

(15.2)

15

(21)

4.6

6.4)

 

Up to and including ANSI 600

 

1-2

25-50

 

31

9.5

 

35

10.7

 

19

 

5.8

Series 30/31

"V" Port

3-6

80-150

26

 

8

26

 

8

16

4.9

8-12

200-300

19

5.8

19

5.8

11

3.4

 

Up to and including ANSI 300

 

4-12

100-300

 

25

7.6

 

25

 

7.6

 

15

 

4.6

Series 61/62

Vane

14-24

350-600

15

4.6

15

4.6

9

2.7

>24

>600

10

 

3

10

3

6

1.8

Series 70/71

All

Contoured

All sizes

All sizes

 

Refer to Series 10 velocity limits

 

Series

 

Ported + HF family

1-12

25-300

48

(65)

14.6

(19.8)

 

57

(75)

17.4

(22.9)

 

29

(39)

8.8

(11.9)

70/71/72

All

14-20

350-500

40

(55)

12.2

(16.8)

48

(65)

14.6

(19.8)

24

(29)

7.3

(8.8)

73/74/57

24

600

30

(42)

9.1

(12.8)

40

(55)

12.2

(16.8)

18

(25)

5.5

(7.6)

TABLE 42.2. Recommended Maximum Velocities for Gas/Vapour

 

Valve

Valve

Trim

 

Maximum Inlet

Maximum Outlet

Max. Outlet Mach no. for

Type

Rating

Style

Valve Size

Velocity

Velocity

Required Noise Level

     

in

mm

ft/s

rn/s

ft/s

rn/s

>95 dBA

<95 dBA

<85 dBA

0.5-2

15-50

340

104

         

Up to and

3-6

80-150

295

90

including

Contoured

8-14

200-350

265

81

Series

ANSI 600

16-18

400-450

190

58

10//14/20

20

500

150

46

830

253

0.65

0.5

0.3

24

600

115

35

   

1-12

25-300

   

All

Ported +

14-20

350-500

475

144

HF family

24

600

     

1-12

25-300

             

Series 12

All

Ported +

14-20

350-500

475

144

830

253

0.65

0.5

0.3

HF family

24

600

(1150)

(350)

(0.9)

(0.7)

(0.4)

 

Up to and

 

1-2

25-50

226

78

         

Series 30/31

including

‘V’ Port

3-6

80-150

220

67

640

195

0.65

0.5

0.3

ANSI 600

8-12

200-300

200

61

 

Up to and

 

4-12

100-300

200

61

         

Series 61/62

including

Vane

14-24

350-600

100

30

350

107

0.65

0.5

0.3

ANSI 300

>24

>600

80

24

       

Refer to Series 10

         

Series 70/71

All

Contoured

All sizes

velocity limits

Sonic

0.65

0.5

0.3

     

1-12

25-300

           

Series 70/71

All

Ported +

14-20

350-500

475

144

Sonic

0.65

0.5

0.3

72/73

HF family

24

600

(0.9)

(0.7)

(0.4)