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TS40 Control Valve Selection for
MultiPhase Flows
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Contents
Contents TS40.1 Nomenclature 
2 
TS40 Control Valve Selection for MultiPhase Fluid Flows 
3 
4 

TS40.2 Multiphase Flow Valve Sizing Procedure 
5 
TS40.3 Process/Application Data Requirements 
6 
TS41 Multiphase Sizing 
7 
TS41.1.1 Introduction 
7 
TS41.1.2Definition of Multiphase Parameters 
8 
TS41.2.1Multiphase Sizing Equations 
9 
TS42 Multiphase Velocity
15
TS42.1 Introduction 
15 
TS42.1 Factors Influencing Velocity Limitations 
15 
TS42.2 Basis of Velocity Calculations 
16 
TS42.3 Procedure 
17 
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TS40 Control Valve Selection for MultiPhase Fluid Flows
Selection of a control valve for a multiphase flow application involves a number of factors, which should be considered in a logical sequence. This section of the Technical Manual provides the information necessary to consider these factors, which include C _{V} calculation, fluid velocity and noise level prediction. It is important to note that omission of these aspects could lead to incorrect selection of a control valve for a particular application.
It should be noted that the process of sizing multiphase fluids is extremely complicated involving phase transfer of energy.
The process and application information necessary to fully specify the size and type of valve required is detailed, together with a flow chart indicating the sequence of steps involved.
The C _{V} calculation includes consideration of the various flow regimes.
To ensure correct selection of valve size and to maximise operational life, fluid velocity calculations and limitations are detailed for the various flow regimes.
Page 3
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Nomenclature
Unit
C _{V}
K _{V}
C _{f}
d
D
P _{1}
P _{2}
∆P
∆P
_{s}_{l}
∆P _{l}_{(}_{l}_{i}_{m}_{i}_{t}_{)}
∆P
_{s}_{g}
∆P _{g}_{(}_{l}_{i}_{m}_{i}_{t}_{)}
Description 
Imp 
Valve Flow Coefficient 
U.S. units 
Valve Flow Coefficient 
S.I. units 
Valve Pressure Recovery Factor 
 
Valve Bore Size 
inches 
Pipe Bore Size 
inches 
Upstream Pressure 
p.s.i.a. 
Downstream Pressure Pressure Drop across Valve 
p.s.i. p.s.i.a. 
Sizing Pressure Drop for Liquid Phasep.s.i. Limiting Pressure Drop for Critical Flow of liquid phase p.s.i. 

Sizing Pressure Drop for Gas Phase 
p.s.i. 
Limiting Pressure Drop for Critical Flow of gas phase p.s.i. 
∆P _{s}_{g}_{(}_{d}_{i}_{s}_{s}_{o}_{l}_{v}_{e}_{d}_{)} Sizing Pressure Drop for dissolved vapour p.s.i.
T _{1}
Q _{L}
W _{L}
Q _{g}_{(}_{r}_{e}_{f}_{)} Volume Flow Rate of gas phase
Inlet Temperature
Volume Flow Rate of liquid phase Mass Flow Rate of liquid phase
°F
S ft ^{3} /hr
U.S.gall./min
lb/hr
Wg 
Mass Flow Rate of gas phase 
X 
Gas/vapour fraction (W _{g} /W _{t}_{o}_{t} ) 
X _{V} 
Gas/vapour fraction (Q _{g} /Q _{t}_{o}_{t} ) 

K Expansion correction factor gas phase
G Specific Gravity
M _{W}
Molecular Weight of gas/vapour phase
F 
_{K} 
γ/1.4 (γ=ratio of specific heats) 
Z 
Compressibility factor for gas/vapour 

Vg 
Gas/vapour phase Fluid Velocity 

V 
_{L} 
Liquid phase Fluid Velocity 

ft/sec
lb/hr




ft/sec
SPL Sound Pressure Level
B Liquid noise efficiency term
H _{1}
Z _{1}
Liquid noise trim style correction
Liquid noise bulk flow factor


dBA
dB
X 
Pressure Coefficient gas noise 
Y 
Pressure Ratio Coefficient gas noise 
Zg 
Gas flow bulk noise factor 
Hg 
Trim style attenuation factor 
T 
Valve opening reduction 
Subscripts 

1 
Upstream 
2 
Downstream 
g 
refers to gas/vapour phase 
l 
refers to liquid stage 
Tot or TOT 
Total 
Dissolved 
refers to dissolved gas 
s 
sizing 
a 
void fraction 
A 
flow area 


dB

dB
SI 

U.S. units 

S.I. units 

 

mm 

mm 

BarA 

BarA 

BarA 

Bar 

Bar 

Bar 

Bar 

Bar 

°C 

m ^{3} /hr kg/hr 

Nm ^{3} /hr 

kg/hr 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m/sec 

m/sec 

dBA 

 

dB 

 

 

 

 

dB 

dB 
TS40.1
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Multiphase Flow Valve Sizing Procedure
The following flowchart details the overall sequence of steps used during the sizing and selection of a control valve for a multi phase flow application. For individual consideration of multiphase sizing, multiphase velocity and multi phase noise prediction, reference should be made to Sections TS41, TS42 and TS43 respectively.
TS40.2
Page 5
Process/Application Data Requirements
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The information required to fully specify the size and type of valve for multiphase service applications can be broken down into different categories. For valve sizing and selection, this information can be classified as essential, preferred or additional. The following chart categorises the information required into these three areas. The information presented here relates to valve selection only, for actuator selection refer to TS8O.
Process Units 
Flow Units  
Temp Units  

Flow Condition 
Max 
Normal 
Minimum 

1 
Quantity 

2 
Line Fluid 

3 
Liquid Phase Flow Rate 

Gas/vapour Phase Flow Rate 

4 
Inlet 

5 
Pressures 
Outlet 

6 

P 

7 
Temp. at Inlet 

8 
SpecificGravity/Molecular Weight M _{W} 

9 
Compressibility Factor, Z 

10 
Vapour Pressure/Ratio of Specific Heats, γ 

11 
Critical Pressure 

12 
DP Actuator Sizing 

13 
Design Press./Temp. 

14 
Line Size In/Out/Sch. 

15 

16 
Predicted SPL (dBA) 

17 
Calculated Cv 

18 

19 
Valve Size 
C.M. 
Trim 

20 
Body Form 
Design CV 

21 
Catalogue No. 

22 
End Conns. Style 
Rating 

23 
Rated Press. 
Temp. 

24 
Body Material 

25 
No of Seats 
Design 

26 
Trim 
Type 
Rings 

27 
Char’s 
Flow Dir 

28 
Material 

29 
Type of Bonnet 

30 
Packing 
Lub. /Lub No 

31 
Max. Leakage 

32 
Stem Dia 
Valve Duty 
Absolute minimum flow information (essential) 

Information required for full analysis (preferred) 

Additional design information 

Full valve specification 

TS40.3
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TS41
Multiphase Sizing
Introduction
When two phases, one incompressible and the other compressible flow together ma pipe, a number of different flow patterns may exist, such as bubble, mist, annular and slug flow. Therefore the prediction of the behaviour of the twophase flow is very complicated. In contrast to single component flows, for which relatively simple flow equations can be derived, the flow equations for two component flows are very complicated and cannot be applied directly to the valve sizing problem. The complexity of the equations is attributable to the fact that the flow cannot be assumed to be homogeneous or in a state of thermodynamic equilibrium.
Valve manufacturers have relied heavily on the limited data available for twophase flows through valves or flow restrictions such as orifice plates. This information is limited to certain flow conditions and even then has a high level of uncertainty.
Experimental data for such flows is in general for low pressures. In applying this to a valve sizing technique the data has to be scaled to high pressure applications. In a singlephase flow this is a relatively simple task, however, in a multicomponent flow this is extremely difficult and leads to greater inaccuracies.
Introl in conjunction with a major oil company, have developed the multiphase sizing procedure presented here. The procedure has been proven by numerous flow tests and field data, and has shown to be a reliable engineering tool for selecting control valves operating on multiphase flow applications.
TS41.1.1
Page 7
Definition of Multiphase Parameters
Gas Fraction
This is the ratio of the gas/vapour phase mass flow rate to the total twophase mass flow rate.
X =
Slip Ratio
W
W TOT
When a twophase fluid flows along a pipe the velocity of each phase will be different. The slip ratio is the ratio of the gas/vapour phase velocity to the liquid phase velocity.
S =
u
g
u
t
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Void Fraction
This is the ratio of the crosssectional area of the gas phase to the crosssectional area of the pipe.
a =
A
g
A
Gas Oil Ratio (GOR)
Used to quantify the amount of gas in relation to the amount of oil. GOR is the number of Sft ^{3} of gas per barrel of oil.
Gas Solution Ratio, Rs
Quantifies the amount of gas dissolved in a liquid, i.e. the number of Nm ^{3} /hr of gas per m ^{3} /hr of liquid.
TS41.1.2
Page 8
Multiphase Sizing Equations
a) Gas/Vapour Fraction
The valve sizing equations for multiphase flows are presented for simplicity, in terms of a total mass flow rate and a gas/vapour fraction. In the event of flow rates being presented in volumetric units then the first stage in the multiphase calculation procedure is to convert volume flows into mass flow rates.
Convert to flow by weight
IMPERIAL
USGPM to lb/hr
W
l
= 501× G × Q
l
ft ^{3} /hr to lb/hr
ft ^{3} /hr to lb/hr
W
l
= 62.43 × G × Q
W
g
=
P M
1
W
Z
×
10.72
×
(460
+
T
1
)
S. ft ^{3} /hr to lb/hr
× Q
g
W
g
= 0.0028 × M
W
× Q
gl
METRIC
m ^{3} to kg/hr
W
l
= 1000 × G × Q
l
m ^{3} to kg/hr
W
g
=
P
1
5
× 10 ×
M
W
Z
×
8314
×
(273
+
T
1
)
Nm ^{3} /hr to kg/hr
W
g
= 0.0044 × M
W
× Q
gl
× Q
g
l
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Calculate the mass flow rate
W TOT
= W + W
l
g
Calculate gas/vapour pressure
X =
W
g
W TOT
b) Sizing Pressure Drop for Liquid Phase
Determine the limiting liquid phase pressure drop
corresponding to the occurrence of critical flow. Refer to
Table 41.1 for values of Cr
∆p = C P − P
lim it
f
1
V
2
(
)
Set the liquid phase sizing pressure drop, ∆psl. If the pressure drop across the valve is less than the limiting pressure drop then the liquid phase is normal and
∆ =∆
p
Sl
p
If the pressure drop across the valve is greater than the
limiting pressure drop, then the liquid phase is critical
and
∆ =∆
p
Sl
p
l
lim
it
TS41.2.1
Page 9
c) Sizing Pressure Drop for Gas/Vapour Phase
Calculate limiting pressure drop for gas vapour phase
∆
p
g
lim
it
=
F RP
1
where
and
C
f
= 1.33 × C
R = 0.47
f
Refer to Table 41.1 for values of C _{f} or the valve opening is known Figure 41.2.
Set the sizing pressure drop for gas/vapour phase.
If the pressure drop across the valve is less than or equal to the limiting pressure drop the gas/vapour phase is normal and
∆ =∆
p
Sg
p
If the pressure drop is greater than the limiting pressure drop then the gas/vapour phase is critical and
∆ =∆
p
Sg
p
g
lim
it
d) Calculate Phase Specific Volumes
Liquid Phase 

IMPERIAL 

0.016 

ν 
l 
= 
G 
METRIC 

0.001 

ν 
l 
= 
G 
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Gas/vapour Phase 

IMPERIAL 

= 
Z 
× 
10.72 
× 
( 460 + T 
) 

ν 
g 
M W 
× P 
1 

METRIC 

= 
Z 
× 
8314 × 
( 
273 + T 
) 

ν 
g 
M W 
× 
P 1 
e) Calculate the Expansion Correction Factor
K = −
1
∆ p
where
γ =−
0.65
F
K
0.92
γ
or refer to Figure 41.1
f) Calculate Valve Flow Coefficient – Two Phase
IMPERIAL 

Cv 
= 
0.0159 
× 
W TOT
2
XK
ν
(
1
− X
)
ν
g
l
+
∆
p
∆
p
sg
sl

METRIC 

Cv 
= 
0.0368 
× 
W TOT
2
XK
ν
(
1
− X
)
ν
g
l
+
∆
p
∆
p
sg
sl

TS41.2.2
Page 10
g) Calculate Valve Flow Coefficient  Three Phase
On many choke applications there is a combination of oil, vapour and water in the flowing media. In such a case, the differences in the liquids specific gravity and the limiting pressure drops must be accounted for in the sizing procedure. The previous twoterm equation has been modified so that the sizing pressure drop can be calculated for each liquid phase.
Water phase
The water phase sizing pressure drop is ∆pslw and ∆pslo should be calculated using the equations presented in (b) of this procedure using the water fluid properties.
X _{l}_{w} is the fraction of water present by weight, i.e.
X =
W lw
W TOT
Oil phase
The oil phase sizing pressure drop is ∆pslo and should be calculated using the procedure presented in (b) using the liquid hydrocarbon (oil) fluid properties.
X _{l}_{o} is the fraction of oil present by weight, i.e.
X
lw
=
W lw
W TOT
The sizing equations are:
IMPERIAL
Cv
=
0.0159
×
W
TOT
METRIC
Cv
=
0.0368
×
W
TOT
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h) Calculate Valve Flow Coefficient  Gas Solution Ratio Known (Dissolved Gas Content)
If the gas solution ratio is known this means that the amount of dissolved gas within the liquid phase can be calculated. This dissolved gas will come out of solution as the fluid flows through the valve. The effect of this on the sizing can be taken into account by utilizing the procedure detailed below. This will lead to more a accurate calculation of the flow coefficient.
X _{f}_{r}_{e}_{e} is the free gas content by weight
X _{d}_{i}_{s}_{s}_{o}_{l}_{v}_{e}_{d} is the dissolved gas content by weight
The sizing pressure drop for the dissolved gas can be determined from the equation below.
∆
p
sg
(
dissolved
)
=
2
C P
f
1
The sizing equation becomes:
should be calculated using the procedure shown on TS41.2.1 and using the respective fluid properties.
TS41.2.4
Page 11
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Table 41.1 Valve Pressure Recovery and Incipient Cavitation Coefficients 

Valve Type 
Trim Style 
Trim Size 
Flow Direction 
C 
f 
K 1 

Microspline 
All sizes 
Over 
0.95 
0.95 

Under 
0.9 
0.8 

Contoured 
Full 
Over 
0.85 
0.81 

Series 10 
Under 
0.9 
0.8 

Reduced 
Over 
0.8 
0.82 

Ported 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.93 
0.9 

HF, HFD, HFT 
All sizes 
Over or under 
1 
0.95 

Under 
0.9 
0.8 

Contoured 
Full 
Over 
0.85 
0.81 

Under 
0.9 
0.8 

Series 14 
Reduced 
Over 
0.8 
0.82 

Ported 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.93 
0.9 

HF 
All sizes 
Over or under 
1 
0.95 

Ported 
Full 
Over or under 
0.92 
0.9 

HF 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.97 
0.95 

Series 12 
XHF 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.98 
0.95 

HFD 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.99 
0.95 

XHFD,HFT,XHFT 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.97 
0.95 

Full 
0.9 
0.87 

Series 20 
Contoured 
Reduced 
Over and under 
0.8 
0.84 

HF, HFD, HFT 
All sizes 
Over and under 
1 
0.95 

Series 30/31 
‘V’ Port 
All sizes 
Mixing and diverting 
0.91 
0.9 

4 
Stage 
All sizes 
Over 
1* 
0.95* 

Series 51/57 
7 
Stage 
All sizes 
Over 
1* 
0.95* 

<30% 
0.98 
0.9 

Series 61/62 
Vane 
Open 
Through 
0.9 
0.75 

<30% 
1** 
0.9 

Vane and baffle 
Open 
Through 
0.98** 
0.9 

Under 
0.9 
0.8 

Contoured 
Full 
Over 
0.45 
0.84 

Under 
0.95 
0.8 

Reduced 
Over 
0.5 
0.82 

Series 70/71 
Ported 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.92 
0.9 

HF 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.96 
0.92 

HFD 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.98 
0.95 

HFT 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.99 
0.95 

Ported 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.92 
0.9 

HF 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.96 
0.92 

Series 

72/73/74 
XHF 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.97 
0.92 

HFD 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.98 
0.95 

XHFD ,HFT, XHFT 
All sizes 
Over or under 
0.99 
0.95 

Cylindrical 
All sizes 
Through 
0.95 
0.90 

Fixed area 
Flat 
All sizes 
Through 
0.92 
0.90 
TS41.2.4
Page 12
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TS41.2.5
Page 13
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Figure 41.2 Valve Pressure Recovery Values for Different Valve Series as a function of Valve Openings
TS41.2.6
Page 14
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TS42 Multi Phase Velocity
Introduction
In selecting a valve for a multiphase flow application one of the major considerations is the effect of fluid velocity. High fluid velocities can lead to erosion and vibration problems. The higher velocity of the gas/vapour phase will tend to lead to an increase in the mean flow velocity of the liquid phase leading to the possibility of an erosion problem. This section covers the limitations imposed because of the possible effects of high flow velocities and includes the velocity calculation procedures for multiphase fluids along with the recommended velocity limits.
Factors Influencing Velocity Limitations
Selection
consideration of fluid velocity which is limited for the following reasons
systems includes the
of
pipework
1) 
reduction in pressure loss, 
2) 
to reduce/eliminate vibration potential, 
3) 
to minimise erosion damage. 
A control valve is considered as a major part of the pipework system and the flow velocity is limited for similar reasons.
Although valve and piping velocity limits apply to mean inlet/outlet flow velocities, it should be noted that the flow through a control valve being highly turbulent would exhibit areas of flow velocity much higher than the mean flow velocity. Additionally, dependant on the trim configuration the flow may impinge directly onto the valve body wall. These factors, together with levels of energy dissipation, mechanical vibration response, and the material of construction influence the recommended maximum levels presented in Table 42.1. and 42.2.
Effect of Valve/Trim Style
Reference to Table 42.1 and 42.2 will reveal varying velocity limits for different valve sizes, trim styles and body material. The reasons for these changes are related to the varying flow paths through the different configurations. For example the recommended velocity levels are higher for cage guided trims because the highest flow velocities, occurring just downstream of the minimum flow area, are contained within the more erosion resistant valve trim. Additionally, in cage guided valves the high levels of energy dissipation are controlled by splitting the flow into small jets with the impingement contained within the guide.
TS42.1
Page 15
Basis of Velocity Calculation
If the % flash is given or can be calculated then the relative velocities of the two phases, liquid and vapour, can be approximated. A measure of the different phase velocities is given by the slip ratio, s. This is the ratio of the vapour phase to the liquid phase velocity. An expression used to determine this value is shown below.
s = X
ρ
l
ρ
v
+
1
− X
1
2
It is evident by examining this expression that as the % flash increases so does the slip ratio, and hence the vapour flow velocity. Furthermore, when the vapour density approaches the liquid density, s tends to 1, and the vapour velocity is almost equal to the liquid velocity.
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TS42.2
Page 16
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Table 42.1 Recommended Maximum Velocities for Liquid Service
f) Determine the void fraction and phase flow areas.
a =
X V
Liquid phase flow area
A l
= (1 − a ) A
tot
Vapour phase flow area
A V
= aA
tot
42.10
42.11
42.12
Note: use the correct area units in the above equations i.e. m ^{2} for METIC or ft ^{2} for IMPERIAL
g) Determine the liquid phase flow velocity.
A
l
Q l
× 3600
h) Determine the vapour phase flow velocity.
A
Q
V × 3600
i) Check that the phase velocities do not exceed their recommended maximum levels, see Table 42.1. The vapour phase flow velocity should not exceed 253m/s (830 ft/sec) or 0.3 Mach. For the complete set of velocity limits for gas/vapour flows refer to Table 42.2.
In the case that the % flash cannot be determined then the
valve size is selected based upon the design C _{V} and
making reference to the line size.
s = X
ρ l
1
+ − X
2
42.05
Q V
2 =
V
Q l =
l
(
X V
+
( 1 − X
V
)s )
V
l
=
42.13
V ^{V}
=
V 2
42.14
TS42.4
Page 17
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Valve Type 
Valve Rating 
Trim Style 
Valve Size 
Maximum Velocity 

Carbon Steel 
Alloy Steel 
Bronze, Cu/Ni Alloys 

in 
mm 
ft/s 
m/s 
ft/s 
m/s 
ft/s 
m/s 

0.52 
1550 
41 
12.5 
46 
14 
25 
7.6 

36 
80150 
34 
10.4 
34 
10.4 
20 
6.2 

Series 
All 
Contoured 
814 
200350 
29 
8.9 
29 
8.9 
17 
5.2 

10/14/20 
1618 
400450 
22 
6.7 
22 
6.7 
13 
4 

20 
500 
18 
5.5 
18 
5.5 
11 
3.4 

24 
600 
12 
3.7 
12 
3.7 
7 
2.1 

Ported + HF family 
112 
25300 
43 
13.1 
52 
15.8 
26 
7.9 

All 
1420 
350500 
35 
10.7 
43 
13.1 
21 
6.4 

24 
600 
25 
7.6 
35 
10.7 
15 
4.6 

Ported + HF family 
112 
25300 
43 
(60) 
13.1 
(18.3) 
52 
(70) 
15.8 
(21.3) 
26 
(35) 
7.9 
(10.7) 

Series 12/51 
All 
1420 
350500 
35 
(50) 
10.7 
(15.2) 
43 
(60) 
13.1 
(18.3) 
21 
(30) 
6.4 
(9.1) 

24 
600 
25 
(35) 
7.6 
(10.7) 
35 
(50) 
10.7 
(15.2) 
15 
(21) 
4.6 
6.4) 

Up to and including ANSI 600 
12 
2550 
31 
9.5 
35 
10.7 
19 
5.8 

Series 30/31 
"V" Port 
36 
80150 
26 
8 
26 
8 
16 
4.9 

812 
200300 
19 
5.8 
19 
5.8 
11 
3.4 

Up to and including ANSI 300 
412 
100300 
25 
7.6 
25 
7.6 
15 
4.6 

Series 61/62 
Vane 
1424 
350600 
15 
4.6 
15 
4.6 
9 
2.7 

>24 
>600 
10 
3 
10 
3 
6 
1.8 

Series 70/71 
All 
Contoured 
All sizes 
All sizes 
Refer to Series 10 velocity limits 

Series 
Ported + HF family 
112 
25300 
48 
(65) 
14.6 
(19.8) 
57 
(75) 
17.4 
(22.9) 
29 
(39) 
8.8 
(11.9) 

70/71/72 
All 
1420 
350500 
40 
(55) 
12.2 
(16.8) 
48 
(65) 
14.6 
(19.8) 
24 
(29) 
7.3 
(8.8) 

73/74/57 
24 
600 
30 
(42) 
9.1 
(12.8) 
40 
(55) 
12.2 
(16.8) 
18 
(25) 
5.5 
(7.6) 
TABLE 42.2. Recommended Maximum Velocities for Gas/Vapour 

Valve 
Valve 
Trim 
Maximum Inlet 
Maximum Outlet 
Max. Outlet Mach no. for 

Type 
Rating 
Style 
Valve Size 
Velocity 
Velocity 
Required Noise Level 

in 
mm 
ft/s 
rn/s 
ft/s 
rn/s 
>95 dBA 
<95 dBA 
<85 dBA 

0.52 
1550 
340 
104 

Up to and 
36 
80150 
295 
90 

including 
Contoured 
814 
200350 
265 
81 

Series 
ANSI 600 
1618 
400450 
190 
58 

10//14/20 
20 
500 
150 
46 
830 
253 
0.65 
0.5 
0.3 

24 
600 
115 
35 

112 
25300 

All 
Ported + 
1420 
350500 
475 
144 

HF family 
24 
600 

112 
25300 

Series 12 
All 
Ported + 
1420 
350500 
475 
144 
830 
253 
0.65 
0.5 
0.3 
HF family 
24 
600 
(1150) 
(350) 
(0.9) 
(0.7) 
(0.4) 

Up to and 
12 
2550 
226 
78 

Series 30/31 
including 
‘V’ Port 
36 
80150 
220 
67 
640 
195 
0.65 
0.5 
0.3 
ANSI 600 
812 
200300 
200 
61 

Up to and 
412 
100300 
200 
61 

Series 61/62 
including 
Vane 
1424 
350600 
100 
30 
350 
107 
0.65 
0.5 
0.3 
ANSI 300 
>24 
>600 
80 
24 

Refer to Series 10 

Series 70/71 
All 
Contoured 
All sizes 
velocity limits 
Sonic 
0.65 
0.5 
0.3 

112 
25300 

Series 70/71 
All 
Ported + 
1420 
350500 
475 
144 
Sonic 
0.65 
0.5 
0.3 

72/73 
HF family 
24 
600 
(0.9) 
(0.7) 
(0.4) 
TS42.4
Page 18
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