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S> “Mainit siya” Within 1 hour of proper nursing  Promote surface cooling by After 1 hour of proper nursing
O> intervention, the client will be means of tepid sponge bath. intervention, the client will be
 febrile 38.1 able to maintain core To decrease temperature by able to maintain core
 warm to touch temperature within normal means through evaporation and temperature within normal
 mild sweating range. conduction range.
 CSF WBC = 33 cells/cu
mm (normal value: 1-9  Administer replacement
cells/cu mm, TPH fluids and electrolytes.
laboratory) To support circulating volume
 Weak in appearance and tissue perfusion.
 With NGT
 Change clothing to loose
A> Hyperthermia related to and comfortable ones
infectious process To promote heat loss

Scientific Explanation  Establish and maintain cool

and comfortable
To promote heat loss

 Keep back dry

To prevent pneumonia and
further complications

 Administer paracetamol as
ordered by the physician
To facilitate fast recovery.
S> Within 1 hour of proper nursing  Maintain sterile technique After 1 hour of proper nursing
O> intervention, the client will be when providing care intervention, the client will be
 febrile 38.1 free from further infection. Prevents introduction of free from further infection as
 CSF WBC = 33 cells/cu bacteria, reducing risk of evidenced by decreased CSF
mm (normal value: 1-9 nosocomial infection WBC
cells/cu mm, TPH
laboratory)  Provide isolation and
 Immobile monitor visitors as
A> infection related to viral To prevent spread of infection
invasion to meninges
 Turn patient every 2 hours
Scientific Explanation To prevent pneumonia and bed

 If the patient has seizures,

take precautions.
to protect from injury

 Measure and record intake

and output
To have baseline data

 Administer antibiotic
(ceftriaxone) as prescribed
To prevent further spread of
Subjective: Within 4 hours of rendering  Elevate head of patient and After 30minutes to 1 hour of
Ø proper nursing intervention the implement energy saving rendering proper nursing
Objective: client will report an increase in technique intervention
 Headache noted physical mobility. To prevent overexertion
 Pale and weak in As evidenced by:
appearance As evidenced by:  Increase exercise/activity  Will be able to tolerate
 Limited movement  Will be able to tolerate level gradually. walking when going to
noted walking when going to Exercises maintain muscle certain area.
 Tachypneic; RR of 39 certain area. strength and joint ROM  Increased ability to move.
cpm  Increased ability to move
 Easy fatigability  Refrain from performing
 Needs assistance from nonessential procedures.
significant other in Patients with limited movement
every activity need to prioritize tasks

Diagnosis:  Assist with ADLs as

Impaired physical mobility r/t indicated; however, avoid
altered CNS doing for patient what he or
she can do for self.
Scientific Explanation: Assisting the patient with ADLs
The client is experiencing allows for conservation of
weakness and headache due to energy. Caregivers need to
infection of meninges and balance providing assistance
cannot able to tolerate too with facilitating progressive
much movement, upon moving endurance that will ultimately
it aggravates the client’s enhance the patient's activity
condition. tolerance and self-esteem

 Provide quiet environment

and adequate rest periods
To prevent fatigue
 Administer antibiotic
(ceftriaxone) as prescribed
To prevent further spread of
II. Nursing Process

A. Demographic Data

Name : Child X

Age : 2 years old

Sex : Female

Address : Capas, Tarlac

Date of Birth : May 2008

Place of Birth : Tarlac City

Religion : Catholic

Nationality : Filipino

Date of Admission : December 27, 2010

Place of Admission : Tarlac Provincial Hospital

Chief Complaint : Fever

Diagnosis : Meningitis

B. Environmental Status

Child X lives at Capas, Tarlac together with her parents and three siblings. According to
her mother, their house is located at a barrio and far from farm. Their source of drinking water is
coming from a forced pump which is owned by them. Her mother also stated that they have two
ducks and chickens which is found at their yard. They bury their garbage at their backyard.

C. Lifestyle

According to her mother, Child X loves to eat candies, takes about two glasses of coffee
everyday as well as chocolate drink but she drinks milk very seldom. They usually eat two times
a day, at their breakfast and dinner. Child X is fond of playing around their yard with her siblings
as stated by her mother. She usually wakes up at around 6:00 in the morning and sleeps at around
7:00-8:00 in the evening.
2. Family Health History of Illness

Paternal Side Maternal Side

60 62 64 62
2 2

33 31

9 7 5 2

A&W A&W A&W Mng

= Living Male
The diagram shows that the patient’s condition is not
inherited from her parents and relatives.
= Living Female

A&W = Alive and well

Mng = Meningitis
= Point to patien
3. History of Past Illness

Child X has no known allergies on food, medication, animals and other environmental
agents. Her mother stated that Child X doesn’t experienced chicken pox, measles and mumps at
her age now. She experienced cough, colds and low grade fever and consults “hilot” as claimed
by her mother. It is her first hospitalization.

4. History of Present Illness

Seven days prior to consultation the patient developed productive cough.

Five days prior to admission, patient experienced on and off fever and no other signs and
symptoms noted. Self-medication of Paracetamol was rendered by her mother and affords no
relief. No consultation done.

Few hours prior to admission Child X experienced chills, fever, rash and observed neck
rigidity. They rushed the patient by her parents at Ospital Ning Capas and was then referred at
Tarlac Provincial Hospital on December 27, 2010 and was then diagnosed having meningitis.
8. Pathophysiology

Modifiable Risk Factors:
Non-Modifiable Risk Factors:
- Living in community setting
- Age (< 5y/o) = 2 y/o - Living with farm animals and
- Compromise immune system pets

Entry of virus (enterovirus) to the

nasopharyngeal area

Invasion of virus to the respiratory

tract: cough

Accumulates to blood stream going to

the brain and spine

Virus colonize in the Cerebro Spinal

Fluid and Meninges

Release pyrogenic cytokines Destruction of cells in the meninges

Goes to blood vessle and signals the

brain Release of chemical mediators: Entry of basophils
cytokin, pyrogen and macrophages
Stimulates hypothalamus to increase
thermostats Menigeal irritabil Accumulation of fluid
and pus
Pain: headache

Increased Intracrainal

Compression of brain and

Spine: Altered motor activity

Compressed Compression of Pons,

Cervical 2 (C2) hypothalamus,
Thoracic 6 (T6)
Stiff neck Stomach
Drowziness Blank coma