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LORAN is a navigation system used primarily

Test Yourself –Exam 01 for


1. ECE Board Exam March 1996 A. approach control
That dielectric material of an optical fiber B. obtaining fixes over large distances
surrounding the core C. blind landing
A. Cladding D. automatic collision warning
B. Armor 9. ECE Board Exam March 1996
C. Shield At what power level does a 1 kHz tone cause
D. Cover zero interference (144 weighted) ?
2. ECE Board Exam March 1996 A. -90 dB
An antenna that is circularly polarized is the B. -90 dBm
____________. C. 90 dBm
A. parabolic reflector D. 90 dB
B. helical 10. ECE Board Exam March 1996
C. Yagi-uda One character or a sequence of characters
D. small circular loop forming a part, or the whole of a message with a
3. ECE Board Exam March 1996 specific meaning
A word in telegraphy consist of __________ A. Signs
characters plus a word space. B. Call sign
A. 11 C. Code
B. 7 and ½ D. Identifier
C. 8 11. ECE Board Exam March 1996
D. 5 The K-factor under normal atmospheric
4. ECE Board Exam March 1996 conditions in a microwave radio data profile
The number of voice band channels in master calculation is equal to ___________.
group per CCITT standard is __________. A. 2/3
A. 300 B. 0
B. 480 C. 4/3
C. 600 D. Infinity
D. 120 12. ECE Board Exam March 1996
5. ECE Board Exam March 1996 What is the IBM’s asynchronous data link
The power of standard test tone is normally protocol designation?
____________. A. 83 B
A. 1 dB B. 8A1 / 8B1
B. 0 mW C. 93 B
C. 1 mW D. 9A1/ 9B1
D. 1 W 13. ECE Board Exam March 1996
6. ECE Board Exam March 1996 EIRP stands for _______________.
LORAN is a navigational system used primarily A. effective isotropic refracted power
for _____________. B. effective and ideal radiated power
A. blind landing C. effective isotropic reflected power
B. obtaining your fixes location over large D. effective isotropic radiated power
distances 14. ECE Board Exam March 1996
C. automatic collision warning The modulation system used for telegraphy is
D. approach control A. frequency-shift keying
7. ECE Board Exam March 1996 B. two-tone modulation
The expander in a companding device provides C. pulse-code modulation
___________. D. single-tone modulation
A. greater amplification for low signal levels 15. ECE Board Exam March 1996
B. less amplification for low signal levels The standard that specifies a balanced interface
C. greater amplification for high signal levels cable that will operate bit rates up to 10 Mbps
D. lesser pressure for transmission cables with in a span distances up to 1200 m.
8. ECE Board Exam March 1996 A. RS-423A
B. RS-422A
C. RS-550A The point on the satellite orbit, closest to the
D. RS-449A earth is
16. ECE Board Exam March 1996 A. prograde
An antenna which is not resonant at a particular B. perigee
frequencies and so can be used over a wide band C. zenith
of frequencies and so can be used over a wide D. apogee
band of frequencies is called 23. ECE Board Exam March 1996
A. aperiodic The potential difference between any exposed
B. boresight structured to ground in any electrical installation
C. cassegrain should not exceed _________ volts RMS.
D. top-loaded A. 10
17. ECE Board Exam March 1996 B. 45
A receiver connected to an antenna whose C. 0
resistance is 50 ohms has an equivalent noise D. 30
resistance of 30 ohms. What is the receiver’s 24. ECE Board Exam March 1996
noise temperature? The capture area of an antenna is directly
A. 754 K proportional to the
B. 464 K A. frequency of the received signal
C. 174 K B. distance between transmitter and receiver
D. 293 K C. gain of the antenna
18. ECE Board Exam March 1996 D. power density of the signal
___________ occurs when the microwave beam 25. ECE Board Exam March 1996
is at point of grazing over an obstacle. Modems are required to connect computer to
A. Diffraction telephone lines because ___________.
B. Refraction A. telephone company rules required them
C. Absorption B. the telephone network bandwidth is too high
D. Reflection C. none of the above
19. ECE Board Exam March 1996 D. the telephone network will pass direct
Atmospheric condition is controlled by current
A. humidity 26. ECE Board Exam March 1996
B. pressure The standard reference antenna for the directive
C. temperature gain is ___________.
D. all of these A. elementary doublet
20. ECE Board Exam March 1996 B. isotropic antenna
The characteristics impedance of a transmission C. half-wave dipole
line does not depend upon its ________. D. infinitesimal dipole
A. conductor spacing 27. ECE Board Exam March 1996
B. conductor diameter One hundred twenty µbars of pressure variation
C. length is equal to
D. conductor radius A. 120 dBSPL
21. ECE Board Exam March 1996 B. 115.56 dBSPL
What is the purpose of a beat frequency C. 41.58 dBSPL
oscillator (BFO)? D. 57.78 dBSPL
A. Aid in the reception of weak voice- 28. ECE Board Exam March 1996
modulated signals It is a spacecraft placed in orbit around the earth
B. Generates a signal, whose frequency is the carrying onboard microwave receiver and
same as that of the intermediate frequency transmitting equipments.
C. Generates a 1kHz note for Morse code A. Fiber optic equipment
reception B. Communications satellite
D. Generates an output, whose frequency C. Wireless radio system
differs from that of the intermediate D. Coaxial cable syste
frequency by 1 kHz 29. ECE Board Exam March 1996
22. ECE Board Exam March 1996 One type of pulse communications system uses
pulse that appear as a group, and which vary in
number according to the loudness of the voice. 36. ECE Board Exam March 1996
This type of pulse modulation is called According to the Nyquist theorem, the sampling
A. pulse duration modulation rate that can be used in a PCM system is
B. pulse amplitude modulation ________ the highest audio frequency.
C. pulse code modulation A. once
D. pulse position modulation B. eight times
30. ECE Board Exam March 1996 C. twice
A device to be connected across the headset in D. thrice
telephone receivers to reduce the effects of 37. ECE Board Exam March 1996
acoustic shock. Passive crossover components cause some
A. Ground frequencies to be delayed with respect to the
B. Two rectifiers in parallel with opposite other frequencies at the crossover point.
polarities A. Phase shift
C. Protector B. Phase correction
D. Fuse C. Phase-error correction
31. ECE Board Exam March 1996 D. Time alignment
Judgment on the case against an ECE shall 38. ECE Board Exam March 1996
become final and executory after A car horn outdoors produces a sound intensity
A. 10 days level of 90 dB at 10 ft away. At this distance,
B. 60 days what is the sound power in watt?
C. 30 days A. 12 W
D. 15 days B. 0.12 W
32. ECE Board Exam March 1996 C. 0.012 W
The equivalent noise temperature of the D. 1.2 W
amplifier is 25 K. What is the noise figure? 39. ECE Board Exam March 1996
A. 1.86 What is the one principal difference between
B. 0.1086 synchronous and asynchronous transmission?
C. 1.086 A. the pulse height are different
D. 10.86 B. the clocking is derived from the data in
33. ECE Board Exam March 1996 synchronous transmission
The letter-number designation B8E is a form of C. the clocking is mixed with the data in
modulation also known as ___________. asynchronous
A. pilot carrier system D. the bandwidth required is different
B. independent sideband emission 40. ECE Board Exam March 1996
C. lincomplex The lowest layer in the ionosphere
D. vestigial sideband transmission A. D
34. ECE Board Exam March 1996 B. F2
When the transmitting and receiving antennas C. E
are in line-of-sight of each other, the mode of D. F1
propagation is ________ wave. 41. ECE Board Exam March 1996
A. space or direct What is the number of pins in the RS-232C
B. ground interface?
C. surface A. 25
D. sky B. 15
35. ECE Board Exam March 1996 C. 20
Crosstalk coupling is ___________. D. 20
A. dBm (disturbing pair) minus dBm (disturbed 42. ECE Board Exam March 1996
pair) SSB transmission requires only ______ of the
B. the difference between readings on a cable bandwidth for a DSBFC transmission.
pair with a tone and a cable pair without A. ¼
tone read at the far end of a cable B. 2/3
C. signals from one circuit that get into another C. ½
circuit D. ¾
D. All of these are true 43. ECE Board Exam March 1996
The method of generating FM used by D. To prevent amplified noise from reaching
broadcasting station is the loudspeaker during the absence of an
A. direct incoming signal
B. all of these 50. ECE Board Exam March 1996
C. indirect TACAN is a navigational aid providing
D. insertion ___________.
44. ECE Board Exam March 1996 A. bearing and distance indication
What is the transmission rate of a system for B. speed and height indication
transmitting the output of a microcomputer to a C. bearing and weather information
line printer operating at a speed of 30 D. instrument-landing glide paths
lines/minute? Assume that the line printer has 8 51. ECE Board Exam March 1996
bits of data per character and prints out 80 In __________ transmission, a unique SYNC
characters/line. character is transmitted at the beginning of each
A. 800 bps message.
B. 400 bps A. asynchronous
C. 320 bps B. synchronous
D. 640 bps C. digital
45. ECE Board Exam March 1996 D. analogue
Communications code is ____________. 52. ECE Board Exam March 1996
A. eight bits per character If the terminating impedance is exactly equal to
B. agreed upon in advance between sender the characteristic impedance of the transmission
and receiver line the return loss is ___________.
C. the same in all modern computers A. zero
D. either seven or eight bits per character B. one
46. ECE Board Exam March 1996 C. infinite
What is the reference tone level for dBm? D. None of these
A. -82 dBm 53. ECE Board Exam March 1996
B. -85 dBm What is the main purpose of a communications
C. -67 dBm system?
D. -90 dBm A. None of these
47. ECE Board Exam March 1996 B. To have a frequency assignment
A type of an underground antenna is a/an C. For modulation
__________ antenna. D. To provide an acceptable replica of the
A. Hertz information at the destination
B. isotropic 54. ECE Board Exam March 1996
C. parabolic What is meant by antenna gain?
D. Marconi A. The final amplifier gain minus the
48. ECE Board Exam March 1996 transmission line losses (including any
Which of the following pulse modulation phasing lines present)
systems is analog? B. The ratio of the amount of power produced
A. Delta by the antenna compared to the output
B. Differential PCM power of the transmitter
C. PWM C. The ratio of the signal in the backward
D. PCM direction
49. ECE Board Exam March 1996 D. The numeric ratio relating the radiated
What is the purpose of the receiver’s squelch signal strength of an antenna to that of
circuit? another antenna
A. To overcome fluctuations in the level the RF 55. ECE Board Exam March 1996
signal arriving at the receiver antenna Binary communications systems are better
B. To prevent fluctuations in the AGC bias because
level A. they can interface directly with the analog
C. To reduce the receiver’s sensitivity to all telephone network
incoming signals B. the components are simpler, less costly,
and more reliable
C. people think better in binary It consists of a number of dipoles of equal size,
D. interstate calls are less costly equally spaced along a straight line with all
dipoles fed in the same phase from the same
56. ECE Board Exam March 1996 source.
In the phase shift method, How many circuits A. Log-periodic antenna
must be balanced? B. Yagi antenna
A. None of these C. End-fire array
B. 1 D. Broadside array
C. 4 63. ECE Board Exam March 1996
D. 2 Data switching systems.
57. ECE Board Exam March 1996 A. improve the efficiency of data transfer
The carrier swing necessary to provide 80% B. are limited to small data networks
modulation in the FM broadcasting band is C. required additional lines
__________. D. are not used in data system
A. 150 kHz 64. ECE Board Exam March 1996
B. 120 kHz A type of array antenna which consists of one
C. 60 kHz half-wave driven dipole, one reflector and one
D. 75 kHz director
58. ECE Board Exam March 1996 A. Hertzian dipole
The correctness and accuracy of the transmitted B. Yagi-uda
message content is C. Broadside collinear
A. verified by the modem D. Log periodic dipole array
B. communications system 65. ECE Board Exam March 1996
C. determined by the sender and receiver Power is a _____________ amount of energy
D. ensured by use of digital technique used in specific period of time
59. ECE Board Exam March 1996 A. large
The signal in a channel is measured to be 23 dB B. definite
while noise in the same channel is measured to C. electrical
be 9 dB. The signal to noise ratio therefore is D. relative
__________. 66. ECE Board Exam March 1996
A. 9/23 The midrange frequency range of sound is from
B. 23/9 A. 256 to 2048 Hz
C. 32 dB B. 2048 to 4096 Hz
D. 14 dB C. 512 to 2048 Hz
60. ECE Board Exam March 1996 D. 16 to 64 Hz
Three audio waves with 100,200 and 300 volts 67. ECE Board Exam March 1996
amplitude respectively, simultaneously To connect coaxial line to a parallel-wire
modulate a 450 volts carrier. What is the total _________ is the best to use.
percent of modulation of the AM wave? A. directional coupler
A. 69 % B. quarter-wave transformer
B. 115.5 % C. balun
C. 50% D. slotted line
D. 83% 68. ECE Board Exam March 1996
61. ECE Board Exam March 1996 In AM, the carrier carries ____________
If the percentage modulation of an AM intelligence.
amplifier is 88% and the modulating signal is 1 A. no
volt, the carrier has an amplitude of B. difference
_______________. C. distorted
A. 1.14 volts D. same
B. 0.88 volt 69. ECE Board Exam March 1996
C. 1.88 volts Characteristics impedance of a transmission line
D. 0.12 volt is the impedance measured at the ___________
62. ECE Board Exam March 1996 when its length is infinite.
A. input
B. shorted end of the line 76. ECE Board Exam March 1996
C. output It is a measure of the microwave power radiated
D. midsection from an antenna as a function of angular
70. ECE Board Exam March 1996 direction from the antenna axis.
Cross modulation on a receiver is eliminated at A. Antenna pattern
the B. Polarization
A. RF stage C. Beamwidth
B. mixer stage D. Sidelobes
C. IF stage 77. ECE Board Exam March 1996
D. detector stage It is the made from semiconductor material such
71. ECE Board Exam March 1996 as aluminum-galium-arsenide or gallium-
A speaker cabinet has an internal volume arsenide-phosphide.
84,950 cm3. It has a port area on the baffle of A. APD
3,230 cm2 and baffle thickness of 19 mm. What B. Injection laser diode
is the Helmholtz resonance hertz of this speaker C. Light emitting diode
enclosure? D. Positive-intrinsic-negative
A. 260 Hz 78. ECE Board Exam March 1996
B. 245 Hz Which one is not the basic electrical protection
C. 265 Hz measures in the Philippine Electronics Code?
D. 250 Hz A. Voltage/ current limiting and interrupting
72. ECE Board Exam March 1996 B. Undergrounding
What quarterwave transformer will match a C. Grounding and bonding
100Ω line to an antenna whose value is 175Ω? D. Shielding
A. 132.29 Ω 79. ECE Board Exam March 1996
B. 150 Ω What does the noise weighting curve shows?
C. 16.58 Ω A. Noise signals measured with a 144 handset
D. 137.5 Ω B. Power levels of noise found in carrier
73. ECE Board Exam March 1996 systems
The local loop of the telephone system is C. The interfering effect of other frequencies
understood to be in a voice channel compared with a
A. a single piece of wire connecting the reference frequency of one kilohertz
subscriber’s telephone set to another D. Interfering effects of signals compared with
telephone set in an adjacent room a 3-kHz tone
B. a two-wire or four-wire communication 80. ECE Board Exam March 1996
circuit between the customer’s premise What is the difference between phase and
and central office frequency modulation?
C. a four-wire circuit connecting a facsimile A. Is purely theoretical because they are the
machine to a computer same in practice
D. a group of wires connecting a telephone set B. Lies in poorer audio response of phase
to a modem modulation
74. ECE Board Exam March 1996 C. Lies in the different definitions of the
In what region of the world is sporadic-E most modulation index
prevalent? D. Is too great to make two systems compatible
A. The equatorial regions 81. ECE Board Exam March 1996
B. The northern hemisphere When a transmission line uses ground return, it
C. The arctic regions is called a/an __________ line.
D. The polar regions A. ungrounded
75. ECE Board Exam March 1996 B. balanced
The process of assigning PCM codes to absolute C. unbalanced
magnitudes D. grounded
A. Overloading 82. ECE Board Exam March 1996
B. All of these What is the gain of four identically polarized
C. Quantizing antennas stacked one above the other and fed in
D. Multiplexing phase?
A. 3 dB over the gain of one antenna The frequency spectrum of the stereophonic FM
B. 10 dB over the gain of one antenna signal.
C. 4 dB over the gain of one antenna A. 67 kHz
D. 6 dB over the gain of one antenna B. 59.5 to 74.5 kHz
83. ECE Board Exam March 1996 C. 19 to 38 kHz
The ratio of the level of the modulated output of D. 30 to 53 kHz
a transmitter under conditions of standard test 90. ECE Board Exam March 1996
modulation to the level of the demodulated Termination means
output with no modulation applied both A. result of disconnecting a line from a
measured with the same bandwidth. transmitter
A. Reference audio output B. result of cutting both ends of a conductor
B. None of these C. looking back impedance of a line with no
C. Audio frequency response load
D. Residual noise level D. load connected to the output end of a
84. ECE Board Exam March 1996 transmission line
The ___________ filter attenuates signals but 91. ECE Board Exam March 1996
passes frequencies below and above that band. Asynchronous protocol is
A. low pass A. message oriented
B. band pass B. clock oriented
C. band stop C. bit oriented
D. high pass D. character oriented
85. ECE Board Exam March 1996 92. ECE Board Exam March 1996
In a telephone system, the customer’s telephone Transmission lines are either balanced or
directory numbering is from 000 to 999, what is unbalanced with respect to _________.
the capacity of the system? A. negative terminal
A. 1000 lines B. input
B. 100,000 lines C. ground
C. 10,000 lines D. positive terminal
D. 100 lines 93. ECE Board Exam March 1996
86. ECE Board Exam March 1996 What is the velocity factor for non-foam
An absorption loss caused by valence electrons dielectric 50 or 75 ohm flexible coaxial cable
in the silica material from which fibers are such as RG 8, 11, 58 and 59?
manufactured. A. 2.70
A. Modal dispersion B. 0.10
B. Infrared absorption C. 0.66
C. Ion resonance absorption D. 0.30
D. Ultraviolet absorption 94. ECE Board Exam March 1996
87. ECE Board Exam March 1996 Gain of an isotropic antenna
In an FM receiver, which circuit removes A. -1 dB
amplitude variations? B. 1 dB
A. Exciter C. 0 dB
B. Mixer D. 2 dB
C. Discriminator 95. ECE Board Exam March 1996
D. Limiter In measuring noise in a voice channel at a 4 dB
88. ECE Board Exam March 1996 test point level, the meter reads -70 dBm (F1A
A one-hop, full duplex, microwave system in a weighted), convert the reading to pWp.
space diversity arrangement. Determine “how A. 53
many receivers in all are used?” B. 93
A. 8 C. 63
B. 2 D. 83
C. 4 96. ECE Board Exam March 1996
D. 6 Power is always __________.
89. ECE Board Exam March 1996 A. a definite amount of energy
B. all of these
C. the rate at which energy is used
D. expressed in watts Test Yourself – Exam 02
97. ECE Board Exam March 1996 1. ECE Board Exam November 1996
Radio fading resulting from obstruction losses. Which frequency band is the standard AM radio
A. Log normal fading broadcast?
B. None of these A. HF
C. Multi-path fading B. UHF
D. Rayleigh fading C. MF
98. ECE Board Exam March 1996 D. VHF
After the IF stages have been aligned, the next 2. ECE Board Exam November 1996
stage to align in FM receiver is. A system that performs parallel-to-serial and
A. local oscillator serial-to-parallel conversion of data link.
B. limiter stage A. DCE
C. RF amplifier B. DTE
D. mixer stage C. Modem
99. ECE Board Exam March 1996 D. PC
___________ is a device in data transmission to 3. ECE Board Exam November 1996
interface data terminal equipment to an The line control unit (LCU) operates on the data
analogue transmission line. digital form.
A. RS 232 A. Data communications equipment (DCE)
B. Connector B. UART
C. Modem C. Modem
D. RJ-11 plug D. Data terminal equipment (DTE)
100. ECE Board Exam March 1996 4. ECE Board Exam November 1996
What is the primary advantage of DSBSC in Quantization noise is caused by
AM? A. binary coding techniques
A. Reduce bandwidth over standard AM B. serial transmission errors
B. All of these C. the synchronization between encoder and
C. It is simpler to transmit and receive than the decoder
standard AM D. the approximation of the quantized
D. No transmitter power is wasted in the signal
carrier 5. ECE Board Exam November 1996
Speaker is a device that __________.
A. convert current variations into sound
waves
B. none of these
C. convert electrical energy to mechanical
energy
D. convert sound waves into current and
voltage
6. ECE Board Exam November 1996
An object farther from a converging lens than its
focal point always has an _______ image.
A. virtual
B. the same in size
C. inverted
D. smaller size
7. ECE Board Exam November 1996
The loss in signal power as light travels down a
fiber is
A. attenuation
B. propagation
C. absorption
D. scattering
8. ECE Board Exam November 1996 RS-232, RS-449, RS-530, V, 24 and X.21 are
Energy that has neither been radiated into space examples of ____________.
nor completely transmitted. A. standards for interfaces between modems
A. Captured waves and transmission facilities
B. Incident waves B. standards for various types of transmission
C. Standing waves channels
D. Modulated waves C. standards for interfaces between
9. ECE Board Exam November 1996 terminals and modems
One of the reasons why FDM is being replaced D. standards for end to end performance of data
by TDM is communications system
A. noise is amplified with voice when an 16. ECE Board Exam November 1996
FDM system is used A special service circuit connecting two private
B. it is difficult to place channels side by side branch exchanges (PBX).
C. there is more time than frequency A. Phantom line
D. Most available frequencies has been used B. Private line
10. ECE Board Exam November 1996 C. Tie trunk
Which determines the number of sideband D. Tandem trunk
components of FM? 17. ECE Board Exam November 1996
A. Modulation frequency What is the baseband frequency of standard
B. Modulation index FDM basic supergroup?
C. Carrier frequency A. 312 to 552 kHz
D. All of these B. 300 to 600 kHz
11. ECE Board Exam November 1996 C. 60 to 2540 kHz
How would one squeeze more channels of D. 60 to 108 kHz
communication into TDM frames of standard 18. ECE Board Exam November 1996
length? What is the data rate of the ISDN Basic access
A. Shorten the time delay for each channel B channel?
B. Raise the amplitude A. 192 kbps
C. Add modulators B. 32 kbps
D. Remove the synchronizing pulses C. 64 kbps
12. ECE Board Exam November 1996 D. 144 kbps
When one stations is designated as master and 19. ECE Board Exam November 1996
rest of the stations are considered slaves Which tester is used to measure SWR?
message handling is ________. A. Spectrum analyzer
A. polling B. Multimeter
B. WAN C. Reflectometer
C. LAN D. Oscilloscope
D. OSI 20. ECE Board Exam November 1996
13. ECE Board Exam November 1996 What is the transmission rate of a GSM cellular
How many satellite orbital slots are requested system?
by the Philippine government from ITU? A. 64 kbps
A. 2 B. 240 kbps
B. 6 C. 128 kbps
C. 5 D. 270 kbps
D. 3 21. ECE Board Exam November 1996
14. ECE Board Exam November 1996 A dipole antenna requires to be feed with 20 kW
The output of a balanced modulator is of power to produce a given signal strength to a
____________. particular distant point. If the addition of a
A. LSB and USB reflector makes the same field strength available
B. LSB with an input power of 11 kW. What is the gain
C. USB in dB obtain by the use of the reflector ? ( Gain
D. Carrier referred to this particular dipole)
15. ECE Board Exam November 1996 A. 4.24
B. 1.81
C. 4.75 When the clearance above the obstruction is
D. 2.6 equal to the radii of even Fresnel zone at the
22. ECE Board Exam November 1996 point of reflection the RSL
Pulse carrier at the ratio of 8000 pulse/sec is A. remains the same
amplitude modulated by an analog signal this B. is above threshold
type of modulation is C. is decreased
A. PAM D. is increased
B. ADM 29. ECE Board Exam November 1996
C. DM Digital transmission provides a higher level of
D. PCM signal quality than analog transmission because
23. ECE Board Exam November 1996 A. repeaters regenerate digital pulses and
What is the applied power if a thermal RF remove distorstion
wattmeter is connected to a transmitter through B. digital signals are easier to sample than
a variable attenuator? The wattmeter reads 84 analog signals
mW when 15 dB of attenuation is used. C. digital signals are smaller than analog
A. 4.656 watts signals and cannot easily be distorted
B. 2.656 watts D. analog signals are continuous and not easily
C. 3.656 watts distorted.
D. 2.856 watts 30. ECE Board Exam November 1996
24. ECE Board Exam November 1996 A _________ interconnects LAN having
Collects very weak signal from a broadcast identical protocols at the physical and data link
satellite layers.
A. Satellite dish A. All of these
B. LNB B. bridge
C. Yagi-Uda antenna C. router
D. Satellite receiver D. Gateway
25. ECE Board Exam November 1996 31. ECE Board Exam November 1996
A seven-bit character can represent one of Both frequency and phase modulation utilize
_________ possibilities. ________ modulation
A. 14 A. Phase
B. 64 B. AM and FM
C. 128 C. Digital
D. 7 D. Angle
26. ECE Board Exam November 1996 32. ECE Board Exam November 1996
The maximum power suggested by KBP on The different angles of entry of light into an
919-1312 AM broadcast station in Metro Manila optical fiber when the diameter of the core is
is many times the wavelength of the light
A. 10 kW transmitter is known as ________.
B. 20 kW A. refraction
C. 15 kW B. sensor
D. 5 kW C. mode
27. ECE Board Exam November 1996 D. emitter
A loudspeaker cabinet has an internal volume of 33. ECE Board Exam November 1996
5,184 in3 (84,950 cm3). It has a port area on the An invitation from the primary to a secondary to
baffle of 50 in2 (322.58cm2) and a thickness of transmit a message.
0.70 in (18 mm). What is the Helmholtz A. Retransmission
resonance, in hertz, of this loudspeaker B. Selection
enclosure? C. Reuse
A. 250 Hz D. Polling
B. 245 Hz 34. ECE Board Exam November 1996
C. 240 Hz An agency of the United Nations that formulates
D. 255 Hz standards and recommend practices for all civil
28. ECE Board Exam November 1996 aviation
A. ICAO
B. CAA B. 0.5 MHz
C. IATA C. 1.0 MHz
D. ATO D. 1.3 MHz
35. ECE Board Exam November 1996 43. ECE Board Exam November 1996
The transformer signal coding method for T1 If Ns=250, determine the earth radius k-factor.
carrier is A. 1.98
A. Binary B. 1.23
B. NRZ C. 1.33
C. Manchester D. 1.29
D. Bipolar 44. ECE Board Exam November 1996
36. ECE Board Exam November 1996 Digital modulation technique used in modems.
When the value of k increases, the effective A. ASK
result is ______ of the equivalent curvatures. B. PSK
A. downward curvatures C. FSK
B. flattening D. All of these
C. bulging 45. ECE Board Exam November 1996
D. sharp curvature Which of the following is not a baseband signal
37. ECE Board Exam November 1996 modulation?
An electromagnetic wave consists of A. RF carrier
A. a magnetic field only B. Video System
B. both electric and magnetic fields C. Audio signal
C. an electric field only D. Binary coded pulses
D. non-magnetic field only 46. ECE Board Exam November 1996
38. ECE Board Exam November 1996 The standing wave ratio is equal to ________ if
In a transmission line, if the maximum current the load is properly matched with the
to minimum current ratio is 2:1 what is the ratio transmission line.
of the maximum voltage to minimum voltage? A. 1
A. 4:1 B. 50
B. 1:2 C. 10
C. 1:4 D. 2
D. 2:1 47. ECE Board Exam November 1996
39. ECE Board Exam November 1996 Noise from random acoustic or electric noise
Satellite signal transmitted from a satellite that has equal per cycle over a specified total
transponder to earth’s station. frequency band.
A. Vertically polarized A. Thermal noise
B. Uplink B. White noise
C. Downlink C. Gaussian noise
D. RHCP D. All of these
40. ECE Board Exam November 1996 48. ECE Board Exam November 1996
Multiplexing scheme use by baseband When was the UHF channel (14-83) of
transmission. television were added?
A. FDM A. 1852
B. Space multiplexing B. 1904
C. TDM C. 1947
D. Statistical multiplexing D. 1952
41. ECE Board Exam November 1996 49. ECE Board Exam November 1996
Which stands for dB relative level? Multiplexing in a time division multiplexer
A. dBrn occurs based upon
B. dBm A. the position of a frame within the group of
C. dBr frames
D. dBa B. the positioning of data within a frame
42. ECE Board Exam November 1996 C. the priority assigned to a connected device
What is the maximum color TV bandwidth? D. the activity of a connected device
A. 1.6 MHz 50. ECE Board Exam November 1996
Ethernet is baseband system using CSMA/CD The wavelength of light has no role in
operating at A. Diffraction
A. 20 Mbps B. Interference
B. 10 Mbps C. Resolving power
C. 30 Mbps D. Polarization
D. 40 Mbps 59. ECE Board Exam November 1996
51. ECE Board Exam November 1996 Which of the following filters block FM radio
A microwave communications system space band for TV channels (2 to 13)?
loss calculation formula is A. High-pass filter
A. 92.4 + 10 log f +20 log d B. Band reject filter
B. 94.2 + 10 log f +20 log d C. Low-pass filter
C. 92.4 + 20 log f +20 log d D. Band-pass filter
D. 94.2 + 20 log f +20 log d 60. ECE Board Exam November 1996
52. ECE Board Exam November 1996 The standard ASCII
Which is the non-resonant antenna? A. is version II of ASC
A. Broadside Antenna B. is used only in US and Canada
B. Folded Dipole C. has 132 characters including 32 control
C. Rhombic antenna characters
D. End fire array D. is subset of 8-bit EBCDIC code
53. ECE Board Exam November 1996 61. ECE Board Exam November 1996
The first commercial satellite Luminous efficiency is least for a
A. Explorer A. mercury vapor lamp
B. Sputnik B. low-wattage light bulb
C. Telstar C. high-wattage light bulb
D. Early bird D. fluorescent tube
54. ECE Board Exam November 1996 62. ECE Board Exam November 1996
A quadrature signaling have ________ possible Transmission lines when connected to antenna
states. have
A. 16 A. capacitive load
B. 8 B. resistive load whose resistance is less than
C. 32 characteristics impedance
D. 4 C. resistive load at the resonant frequency
55. ECE Board Exam November 1996 D. resistive load whose resistance is greater
Proposed the use of a clad glass fiber as a than the characteristic impedance of the line
dielectric waveguide. 63. ECE Board Exam November 1996
A. Kao and Keck What is the free space loss, in dB, between two
B. Karpon and Keck microwave parabolic antennas 38.0 kilometer
C. Karpon and Bockham apart operating at 7.0 GHz?
D. Bockham and Kao A. 145.6 dB
56. ECE Board Exam November 1996 B. 138.5 dB
What band does VSAT first operate? C. 135.5 dB
A. X-band D. 140.89 dB
B. C-band 64. ECE Board Exam November 1996
C. Ku-band What is the equivalent output of a circuit in
D. L-band dBm, if it is has an output of 10 watts?
57. ECE Board Exam November 1996 A. 10 dBm
What is the method of diversity reception where B. 30 dBm
the signal is transmitted on 2 different C. 20 dBm
frequencies over the same path? D. 40 dBm
A. Quadruple 65. ECE Board Exam November 1996
B. Frequency Satellite engine use
C. Polarization A. liquid fuel
D. Space B. jet propulsion
58. ECE Board Exam November 1996 C. ion propulsion system
D. solar jet B. dolby
66. ECE Board Exam November 1996 C. dBa
Low-power radar uses D. dBm
A. RIMPATT 74. ECE Board Exam November 1996
B. TRAPATT What is the principal difference between
C. Magnetron asynchronous and synchronous transmission?
D. IMPATT A. The clocking is mixed with the data in
67. ECE Board Exam November 1996 synchronous transmission
Transmission line must be matched to the load B. The pulse height are difficult
to C. The clocking is derived from the data in
A. transfer maximum voltage to the load synchronous
B. transfer maximum current to the load D. The bandwidth required is difficult.
C. reduce the load current 75. ECE Board Exam November 1996
D. transfer maximum power to the load You are measuring a voice channel at a -4 dB
68. ECE Board Exam November 1996 test point level, the meter reads -73 dBm (pure
Electromagnetic wave travel at __________ in test tone) convert the reading in dBmCO.
free space. A. 16
A. 300,000 km/sec B. 18
B. 100,000 km/ sec C. 22
C. 400,000 km/sec D. 12
D. 200km/sec 76. ECE Board Exam November 1996
69. ECE Board Exam November 1996 What is the type of emission use by standard
When electromagnetic wave are propagated AM radio broadcast?
through a waveguide, they A. A0
A. are reflected from the walls but do not B. F3
travel along them C. A3
B. travel along all four walls of the waveguide D. A5C
C. travel along the broader walls of the guide 77. ECE Board Exam November 1996
D. travel through the dielectric without ____________ is the average rate of
touching the walls transmission of sound energy in a given
70. ECE Board Exam November 1996 direction through a cross sectional area of 1
Codes must be sq.m. at right angle to the direction.
A. agreed upon in advance between sender A. Sound pressure
and receiver B. Sound intensity
B. eight bit per character C. Pressure variation
C. the same in all modern computer D. Loudness
D. either seven or eighth bits per character 78. ECE Board Exam November 1996
71. ECE Board Exam November 1996 Top loading is used in an antenna in order to
Combination of modulator, channel and increase its ___________.
detector. A. input capacitance
A. Transceiver B. beamwidth
B. Discrete channel C. bandwidth
C. T/R channel D. effective height
D. Transponder 79. ECE Board Exam November 1996
72. ECE Board Exam November 1996 What component in the telephone set has the
What is the stage of the sand becoming silicon? primary function of interfacing the handset to
A. Hot the local loop?
B. Gas A. Varistor
C. Liquid B. Induction coil
D. Molten C. Resistor
73. ECE Board Exam November 1996 D. Capacitor
Noise reduction system used for film sound in 80. ECE Board Exam November 1996
movie The first passive satellite transponder.
A. dBx A. Early bird
B. Score 88. ECE Board Exam November 1996
C. Moon The unit of pitch
D. Sputnik A. Decibel
81. ECE Board Exam November 1996 B. Phon
The primary purpose of the data modem is to C. Mel
A. interface analog terminal equipment to D. Sone
analog communications channel 89. ECE Board Exam November 1996
B. interface digital terminal equipment to What kind of receiver is used in converntional
analog communications channel telephone handset?
C. interface analog terminal equipment to A. Capacitor
digital communications channel B. Carbon
D. interface digital terminal equipment to C. Electromagnetic
digital communications channel D. Ceramic
82. ECE Board Exam November 1996 90. ECE Board Exam November 1996
____________ is the out-of-band signaling Basic speed rate of digital system.
between toll central offices (Bell System A. 144 kbps
Standard) B. 1,544 kbps
A. 2,000 Hz C. 64 kbps
B. 800 Hz D. 2,048 kbps
C. 3,835 Hz 91. ECE Board Exam November 1996
D. 3700 Hz A horizontal antenna is
83. ECE Board Exam November 1996 A. centrally polarized
Which symbol indicates that only one sideband B. vertically polarized
is transmitted? C. horizontally polarized
A. A3E D. perpendicularly polarized
B. B8E 92. ECE Board Exam November 1996
C. C3F What is the diameter of a copper wire to be used
D. H3E in a 16 km loop with a dc loop resistance of 100
84. ECE Board Exam November 1996 ohms/km?
A voice-grade circuit using the PTN has an ideal A. 0.108 cm
passband of B. 1.082 cm
A. 0 to 4 Hz C. 0.017 cm
B. 0 to 4 kHz D. 0.0465 cm
C. 0 to 4 GHz 93. ECE Board Exam November 1996
D. 0 to 4 MHz If a fiber optic system has a rise time of 16 ns,
85. ECE Board Exam November 1996 the source rise time is 1.5 ns and the detector
1 micron is equal to ___________ meter(s). rise time is 2 ns, what is the cable rise time?
A. 10-6m A. 14 ns
B. 10-3 m B. 6 ns
C. 106 m C. 9 ns
D. 109 m D. 12.5 ns
86. ECE Board Exam November 1996 94. ECE Board Exam November 1996
The lowest resistance grounding on earth What is the phase delay of an 800 Hz voice
A. Sand signal if the phase shift is 15 degrees?
B. Clay A. 1.25 µsec
C. Surface loam soil B. 52 µsec
D. Limestone C. 83.33 µsec
87. ECE Board Exam November 1996 D. 26 µsec
Troposheric scatter uses the frequencies in the 95. ECE Board Exam November 1996
________ band. What is the power loss of a telephone hybrid?
A. VLF A. 6 dB
B. UHF B. 2 dB
C. VHF C. 3 dB
D. UF D. 1 dB
96. ECE Board Exam November 1996 D. 50 Ω
You are measuring noise in a voice channel at 7
dB test point level. The meter reads -56 dBm 2. ECE Board Exam April 1997
(FIA weighted). What is the reading in dBrnc? What is the impedance in ohms of a transformer
A. 20 marked for 25V, 4W, when the secondary is
B. 32 correctly loaded?
C. 35 A. 150 Ω
D. 25 B. 156 Ω
97. ECE Board Exam November 1996 C. 160 Ω
Space diversity transmission means transmitting D. 165 Ω
and receiving on
A. two or more antennas operating on two
different frequencies 3. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. two or more identical frequencies A single conductor running from the transmitter to
C. two or more different frequencies the antenna.
D. two or more antennas operating on the A. RG-8/U
same frequencies B. Single line wire
98. ECE Board Exam November 1996 C. Twin-lead
Rules governing the transmission of digital D. MIcrostrip
information.
A. Line protocol 4. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Isochronous If voltage change equal to twice its original value,
C. Data communications what is its corresponding change in dB?
D. Digital communications A. 9 dB
99. ECE Board Exam November 1996 B. 6dB
A digital identification associated with a cellular C. 10 dB
system D. 3dB
A. SAT
B. ESN 5. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. MIN To couple a coaxial line to parallel line, it is better
D. SIM to use a ______.
100. ECE Board Exam November 1996 A. Slotted line
____________ is measuring the propagated B. Quarter-wave transformer
field strength over the projected service area C. Directional Coupler
A. Radio sounding D. Balun
B. None of these
C. Radio monitoring 6. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. Radio survey What is the characteristic impedance of a single
wire with a diameter d= 0.25 mm placed at the
center between grounded parallel planes separated
by 1 mm apart. The wire is held by a material with a
velocity factor of 0.75.
A. 85 Ω
B. 63 Ω
Test Yourself – Exam 03 C. 50 Ω
D. 75 Ω
1. ECE Board Exam April 1997
What is the impedance of a balance 4-wire with a 7. ECE Board Exam April 1997
diameter of 0.25 cm and spaced 2.5 cm apart using If you have available number of power amplifiers
an insulator with a dielectric constant of 2.56? with a gain of 100 each, how many such amplifiers
do you need to cascade to give an overall gain of 60
A. 100Ω dB?
B. 65Ω A. 3
C. 75 Ω B. 4
C. 5 C. Attenuation
D. 2 D. Interference

8. ECE Board Exam April 1997 15. ECE Board Exam April 1997
________ sets a limit on the maximum capacity of a
channel with a give noise level. The most common unit of noise measurement in
A. Hartley theorem white noise testing.
B. Shannon-Hartley theorem
C. Nyquist theorem A. dBw
D. Shannon theorem B. dBk
C. dBm
9. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. NPR
Transmission sent in both directions
simultaneously. 16. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. Full duplex Unit of noise power of psophometer
B. Duplex A. dBa
C. Half duplex B. pWp
D. Simplex C. dBm
D. dBmO
10. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Industrial noise frequency is between _________. 17. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. 200 to 3000 Mhz 100% modulation in AM means a corresponding
B. 15 to 160 Mhz increase in total power by:
C. 0 to 10 Khz A. 25%
D. 20 Ghz B. 75%
C. 100%
11. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. 50%
Reference noise temperature.
A. 70 deg F 18. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. 30 deg C If the modulation index of an AM wave is doubled,
C. 290 Kelvin the antenna current is also doubled, the AM system
D. 25 deg C being used is
A. A5C
12. ECE Board Exam April 1997 B. A3J
What is the reference frequency of CCITT C. A3H
psophometric noise measurement? D. A3
A. 800 Hz
B. 1500 Hz 19. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. 3400 Hz What particular circuit that rids FM of noise?
D. 1000 Hz A. HPF
B. Phase shifter
13. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Limiter
Which does not effect noise in a channel? D. LPF
A. None of these
B. Bandwidth 20. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. Temperature What is the advantage of PTM over PAM?
D. Quantizing level A. All of these
B. Low sampling rate is required
14. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Much better noise immunity
The random and unpredictable electric signal from D. Simpler to generate
natural causes, both internal and external to the
system is know as ________. 21. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. Distortion
B. Noise
At 100% modulation, the sum fo the effective One (1) Erlang is equal to ________.
voltages in both sidebands is equal to ______% of A. 360 CCS
the unmodulated carrier voltage. B. 100 CCS
A. 50 C. 36 CCS
B. 71 D. 3.6 CCS
C. 100
D. 25 29. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Transmission of printed material over telephone
22. ECE Board Exam April 1997 lines.
A carrier signal has ______. A. Video text
A. Constant peak amplitude B. Facsimile
B. The information C. Encoding
C. Frequency range 20-20000 Hz D. Xerox copy
D. A varying amplitude
30. ECE Board Exam April 1997
23. ECE Board Exam April 1997 1-CCS is equal to?
Which transmit only one sideband? A. 60
A. A3E B. 100
B. 3AJ C. 600
C. 11BE D. 1
D. H3E
31. ECE Board Exam April 1997
24. ECE Board Exam April 1997 1 Erlang is ______.
The final amplifier of either FM or AM transmitter A. 1000 TU
operates as B. 10 TU
A. Class B C. 100TU
B. Class C D. 1 TU
C. Class A
D. Class D 32. ECE Board Exam April 1997
When waves bend away from straight lines of
25. ECE Board Exam April 1997 travel, it is called _________.
Modulation means A. Refraction
A. Varying of information B. Reflection
B. Utilization of a single transmission channel to C. Rarefaction
carry multiple signals D. Diffraction
C. Varying of some parameters of a carrier such
as its amplitude to transmit information 33. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. Transmit pulses in DC form on a copper wire Highest frequency that can be used for skywave HF
communications between two given points on earth.
26. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Gyro frequency
What is the advantage of sidetone? B. Maximum usable frequency
A. High transmission efficiency C. Critical frequency
B. Results to a strengthened signal D. Virtual frequency
C. No energy dissipation
D. Assures that the telephone is working 34. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Electromagnetic radiation theory was profounded
27. ECE Board Exam April 1997 by ______.
The standard test tone A. Sir Edward Appleton
A. 0dB B. Sir Isaac Newton
B. 10 dBm C. James Clerk Maxwell
C. 0 dBm D. Michael Faraday
D. 10 dB
35. ECE Board Exam April 1997
28. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Type of transmission path that permits
communication in the frequency range from 30 to 42. ECE Board Exam April 1997
60 MHz and over distances form about 1000 to Which is properly terminated antenna?
2000 km. A. Rhombic
A. Ducting B. Hertz
B. Ionospheric scatter C. Marconi
C. Microwave D. Dipole
D. Troposcatter
43. ECE Board Exam April 1997
36. ECE Board Exam April 1997 ______ is a device that detects both vertically and
What is the thickest layer of the ionosphere? horizontally polarized signals simultaneously.
A. E A. Crystal
B. F1 B. Orthomode transducer
C. F2 C. Light transducer
D. D D. Optoisolator

37. ECE Board Exam April 1997 44. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Distance traveled by a wave in the time of one How much does the radiated power of an antenna
cycle. increases if its current increased by 3.3 times?
A. Hop A. 6.6 times
B. Frequency B. 3.3 times
C. Wavelength C. 10.89 times
D. Crest D. 9.9 times

38. ECE Board Exam April 1997 45. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Which region of the ionosphere is mainly What do you call the energy that was not radiated
responsible for long distance night time into space or completely transmitted?
communication? A. Incident waves
A. A layer B. Captured waves
B. D layer C. Standing waves
C. E layer D. Modulated waves
D. F layer
46. ECE Board Exam April 1997
39. ECE Board Exam April 1997 What is the estimated medium wind loading in the
What is the effective earth’s radius when N=300? Philippines for antenna tower design?
A. 8500 km A. 200 kph
B. 6370 km B. 250 kph
C. 7270 km C. 300 kph
D. 7950 km D. 100 kph

40. ECE Board Exam April 1997 47. ECE Board Exam April 1997
The polarization of a discone antenna is _____. The minimum number of turns a helix antenna must
A. Horizontal have.
B. Vertical A. 4
C. Omni B. 5
D. Directional C. 3
D. 6
41. ECE Board Exam April 1997
_______ is the horizontal pointing angle of an 48. ECE Board Exam April 1997
antenna. When testing transmitter to prevent interfering with
A. Right angle other stations, which type of antenna must be used?
B. Angle of elevation A. Dummy antenna
C. Bandwidth B. Hertzian antenna
D. Azimuth C. None of these
D. Void antenna
56. ECE Board Exam April 1997
49. ECE Board Exam April 1997 _______ character signifies the start of the test for
A device that radiates electromagnetic energy and Bisync.
or intercepts electromagnetic radation. A. STX
A. Antenna B. ETX
B. Transmitter C. SOH
C. Transmission line D. BCC
D. Transceiver
57. ECE Board Exam April 1997
50. ECE Board Exam April 1997 What is the reason why companding is employed in
The frequency of operation of a dipole antenna cut PCM systems?
to length of 3.4 m. A. To overcome impulse noise in PCM receivers
A. 42.9 MHz B. To allow amplitude limiting in the receivers
B. 61.3 MHz C. To solve quantizing noise problem
C. 38.5 MHz D. To protect small signals in PCM from
D. 53.5 MHz quantizing distortion

51. ECE Board Exam April 1997 58. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Full duplex transmission means What is framing?
A. One way transmission A. Is concerned of synchronous system
B. 24-hour transmission B. Refers to parallel transmission
C. Broadcast transmission C. Is concerned with the boundaries between
D. Two-way simultaneous transmission characters
D. Is concerned with individual bits
52. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Transmission system for a multidrop network 59. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. Taken passing The method of determining the bandwidth of any
B. Polling processing system is ______.
C. Switching A. Bandwidth analysis
D. CSMA/CD B. Frequency spectrum
C. Spectral analysis
53. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. Frequency analysis
Synchronous modems cost more than asynchronous
modem because _______. 60. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. They have larger bandwidth It is a protocol used to connect the other packet
B. They are larger witching network.
C. The production volume is larger A. X.25
D. They have clock recovery circuits B. X.50
C. X.10
54. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. X.75
What equation defines the composition of an ISDN
basic access line? 61. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. B+2D Slowest communications hardware product.
B. B+D A. Synchronous
C. 2B+2D B. Asynchronous
D. 2B+D C. Ethernet
D. Internet
55. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Modem is referred to as ______. 62. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. Universal asynchronous Rx/Tx Highest theoretical frequency that can be processed
B. Data communication equipment at a sampling rate without aliasing.
C. Universal synchronous Rx/Tx A. Folding frequency
D. Data terminal equipment B. Resonant frequency
C. Natural frequency A. Feedhorn
D. Critical frequency B. Satellite dish
C. Satellite receiver
63. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. LNB
Data is directly on the transmission cable.
A. Asynchronous 70. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Synchronous What kind of battery panels are used in some
C. Baseband advance satellites?
D. Broadband A. Gallium Arsenide solar panel
B. Germanium based panels
64. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Silicon based panels
A source code whose average word length D. Gallium Phosphate solar panel
approaches the fundamental limit set by the entropy
of a discrete memoryless source. 71. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. Prefix code Footprint refers to coverage area in the globe
B. Huffman code A. Satellite radiation polarization
C. Entropy code B. Satellite navigation
D. Source code C. Satellite radiation pattern
D. Satellite coverage
65. ECE Board Exam April 1997
______ sets the limit on the maximum capacity of a 72. ECE Board Exam April 1997
channel with a given noise level. Asia Sat I covers how many countries in Asia?
A. Hartley theorem A. 38
B. Shannon-hartley theorem B. 40
C. Nyquist theorem C. 44
D. Shannon theorem D. 42

66. ECE Board Exam April 1997 73. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Gateway can interconnect LANs that have ____ Insertion loss of connector-type splices for a single-
protocols and formats. mode fiber cable.
A. The same A. 0.2 dB
B. Different or the same B. 0.3 dB
C. Totally different C. 0.09 dB
D. None of these D. 0.38 dB

67. ECE Board Exam April 1997 74. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Steps to follow to produce PCM signal. A non-coherent light source for optical
A. Quantizing, sampling, and coding communications system.
B. Sampling, quantizing, and coding A. PIN Diode
C. Sampling, coding and quantizing B. ILD
D. Coding, quantizing and coding C. APD
D. LED
68. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Transmission sent in both directions 75. ECE Board Exam April 1997
simultaneously. Type of fiber that has the highest modal dispersion
A. Full duplex A. Step-index multimode
B. Duplex B. Step-index single mode
C. Half duplex C. Graded index mode
D. Simplex D. Graded index multimode

69. ECE Board Exam April 1997 76. ECE Board Exam April 1997
_______ detects the satellite signal relayed from the Fiber optic cable operates near _______
feed and converts it to an electric current, amplifies frequencies.
and lower its frequency. A. 800 THz
B. 20 MHz 83. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. 200 MHz Tendency of sound energy to spread.
D. 2 GHz A. Reflection
B. Diffraction
77. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Rarefaction
Lifetime of ILD’s D. Refraction
A. 150,000 h
B. 100,000 h 84. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. 50,000 h ______ used to measure speech volume
D. 200,000 h A. Volume meter
B. Audio frequency meter
78. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Volume unit meter
The sound energy per unit area at right angles to the D. Speech meter
propagation direction per unit time.
A. Sound intensity 85. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Loudness What is the local oscillator frequency range
C. Coherence commercial AM broadcast if it is equal to 455 KHz.
D. Sound stress A. 540 to 1600 KHz
B. 0 to 1600 KHz
79. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. 995 to 2055 KHz
_______ is the transmission of sound from one D. 0 to 455 KHz
room to an adjacent room thru common walls,
floors or ceilings. 86. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. Reverberation TV channels 2, 4 and 5 are known as ________.
B. Refraction A. Mid band UHF
C. Flanking transmission B. Low band UHF
D. Reflection C. High band VHF
D. Low band VHF
80. ECE Board Exam April 1997
The sound power level of a jet plane flying at a 87. ECE Board Exam April 1997
height of 1 km is 160 dB. What is the maximum ______ is the first component of any MATV system
sound pressure level on the ground directly below to received broadcast signals.
the plane assuming that the aircraft radiates sound A. Receiver
equally in all directions? B. Antenna
A. 59.1 dB C. Filter
B. 69.1 dB D. Transmitter
C. 79.1 dB
D. 89.1 dB 88. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Mechanism or device which enables the TV camera
81. ECE Board Exam April 1997 to move in internal and tilting motion.
Lowest frequency produced by a musical A. Tilting
instrument. B. Scanner
A. Fundamental C. Pan/tilt device
B. Midrange D. Panning device
C. Period
D. Harmonic 89. ECE Board Exam April 1997
The allowable deviation ratio of commercial FM
82. ECE Board Exam April 1997 broadcast.
Sound intensity level is ________. A. 25
A. 10 log I/I(ref) B. 15
B. 10 log I(ref)/I C. 5
C. 30 log I/I(ref) D. 75
D. 20 log I/I(ref)
90. ECE Board Exam April 1997
______ is the time duration for one horizontal trace. Professional Regulations Commission was created
A. 48µs under ______.
B. 52 µs A. PD 323
C. 62 µs B. PD 223
D. 50 µs C. PD 232
D. RA 223
91. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Which is atmospheric attenuation? 98. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. Attenuation due to rain The institutionalization of the continuing
B. Attenuation due to other gasses Professional Education (CPE) Program of the
C. Attenuation due to mist and fog various regulated profession under the supervision
D. Due to water vapor and oxygen of the Professional Regulation Commission.
A. E.O. No. 266
92. ECE Board Exam April 1997 B. E.O. No. 626
A microwave system that requires the use of C. E.O. No. 662
repeater. D. P.D. 381
A. Intervening terrain is favorable
B. Distances involved are greater 99. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. The required reliability is met The basic law providing for the regulation of radio
D. All of these station, communications in the Philippines and
other purposes.
93. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Act. No.`3846
What frequency does oxygen causes excessive B. D.O. No. 11
attenuation C. D.O. No. 88
A. 119 GHz D. D.O. No. 5
B. 183 GHz
C. 310 GHz 100. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. 60 GHz Listing of the date and time events, programs ,
equipment, test, malfunctions and corrections in
94. ECE Board Exam April 1997 communication system.
RADAR means A. File
A. Radio detection and rating B. Documentation
B. Radio detection and ranging C. Reporting
C. Radio distance and ranging D. Log
D. Radio delay and ranging

95. ECE Board Exam April 1997


A microwave link between the earth station and the
down-town terminal.
A. STL Test Yourself – Exam 04
B. Uplink
C. Downlink 1. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. Terrestrial link Extra-terrestrial noise is observable at frequencies
from
96. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. 0 to 20 KHz
The advantage of periscope antenna in microwave B. Above 2 GHz
A. Minimize interference to and from other C. 8 to 1.43 GHz
neighboring stations D. 5 to 8 GHz
B. Shorten waveguide link
C. Reduce tower height 2. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. All of these Band of light waves, that are too short to be seen by
human eye.
97. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Visible
B. Infrared
C. Ultraviolet A. Unidirectional
D. Amber B. Bidirectional
C. Omnidirectional
3. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. Figure of eight
Two wires that are bent 90 degrees apart.
A. Hertz 10. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Dipole Another SEG function that allows a person to be
C. Log-periodic superimposed on another scene.
D. Rhomic A. Visual effect
B. Wiper
4. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Chroma keying
The first symbol in the designation of radio D. Special effect generation
emission under the ITU rules to
A. Nature of signals modulating the main carrier 11. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Type of information to be transmitted What signal-to-noise ratio is required for
C. Bandwidth satisfactory telephone services?
D. Type of modulation of the main carrier A. 50 dB
B. 30 dB
5. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. 40dB
Operating method in which the transmission is D. 20 dB
made alternately in each direction of a
telecommunication channel 12. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. Semi-duplex operation The use of telecommunication for automatic
B. Duplex operation indicating or recording measurement at the distance
C. Half-duplex operation from the measuring instrument.
D. Simplex operation A. Monitoring
B. Tracking
6. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Telemetry
Production of radiation by a radio transmitting D. Telecommand
station
A. Monitoring 13. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Emission The standard deviation of the variation in the
C. Radiation transmission loss of a circuit should not exceed
D. Transmission A. 3 dB
B. 1 dB
7. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. 5 dB
The third symbol in the designation of radio D. 0.5dB
emission under the ITU rules refers to
A. Type of the modulation of the main carrier 14. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Bandwidth Noise caused by the thermal agitation of electrons
C. Nature of the signals modulating the main in resistance.
carrier A. All of these
D. Type of information to be transmitted B. Thermal noise
C. Johnson’s noise
8. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. White noise
A form of telecommunication for the transmission
of transient images of fixed or moving objects. 15. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. E-mail Unity gain antenna
B. Television A. Isotropic
C. Radio B. Rhombic
D. Internet C. Half-wave dipole
D. Dummy
9. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Radiation pattern of a discone. 16. ECE Board Exam April 1997
The series of periodically recurrent pulses is B. Good front-to-back
modulated in amplitude by the corresponding C. Maneuverability
instantaneous samples. D. Circular polarization
A. PFM
B. PWM 23. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. PDM Background noise is the same as the following
D. PAM except
A. Impulse noise
17. ECE Board Exam April 1997 B. White noise
This type of transmission permits communication in C. Thermal noise
the frequency range from 30 to 60 MHz and over D. Gaussian noise
distances from about 1000 to 2000 km.
A. Troposcatter 24. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Ionospheric scatter Electronic equipment used to measure standing
C. Ducting wave ration.
D. Microwave A. Reflectometer
B. Wavemeter
18. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Altimeter
A region in front of a paraboloid antenna. D. Multimeter
A. Transmission zone
B. All of these 25. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. Fraunhofer A single sideband emission in which the degree of
D. Fresnel carrier suppression enables the carrier to be
reconstituted and to be used for demodulation.
19. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Reduce carrier single sideband emission
Designates the sensation of low or high in the sense B. Half carrier single sideband emission
of the base and treble. C. Full carrier single sideband emission
A. Frequency D. Standard single sideband emission
B. Intensity
C. Pitch 26. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. SPL Station in the mobile service not intended to be used
while in motion.
20. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Coast station
A good example of a pilot tone system used in B. Fixed station
commercial frequency modulation stations. C. Base station
A. FDM D. Land station
B. Time division
C. Stereo multiplexing 27. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. Frequency modulation The electric field lines in a plane perpendicular to
the earth’s surface.
21. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Elliptical polarization
Emission on a frequency or frequencies B. Circular polarization
immediately outside the necessary bandwidth which C. Horizontal polarization
result from the modulation process except spurious D. Vertical polarization
emission.
A. Radiation 28. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Noise Known to be the first satellite capable to receive
C. Out of the band and transmit simultaneously.
D. Interference A. Score
B. Syncom I
22. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Telstar 1
A helical antenna is used for satellite tracking D. Echo1
because of ______.
A. Broad bandwidth 29. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A digital carrier facility used to transmit a DSI- B. 16 to 16 KHz
formatted signal at 1.544. Mbps. C. 3 to 3 KHz
A. T2 D. 4 KHz
B. T1
C. T4 36. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. T3 Two or more antennas separated by 9 wavelengths
are used.
30. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Hybrid diversity
12 voice channels are sampled at 8000 sampling B. Space diversity
rate and encoded into 8 bit PCM word. Determine C. Polarized diversity
the rate of the data stream. D. Frequency diversity
a. 354 kbps
b. 750 kbps 37. ECE Board Exam April 1997
c. 768 kbps Nif stands for
d. 640 kbps A. Narrow intermediate frequency
B. Noise interference figure
31. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Noise improvement factor
The most common device used as a light detector in D. Non-intrinsic fugure
fiber optic communications system.
A. LED 38. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Darlington phototransistor Any small element of space in the path of a wave
C. APDs may be considered as a source of secondary
D. PIN diode wavelet.
A. De Morgan’s Principle
32. ECE Board Exam April 1997 B. Faraday’s Law
Two resistors, 20kΩ, and 50kΩ are at ambient C. Huygen’s Principle
temperature. Calculate for a bandwidth equal to D. Fresnel’s Law of optics
100kHz, the thermal noise voltage for the two
resistors connected in parallel. 39. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. 0.4782µV Modulation in which the modulated wave is always
B. 4278 µV present.
C. 4.78 µV A. Carrier modulation
D. 47.8 µV B. Front-end
C. Continuous modulation
33. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. Log-periodic modulation
Calculate the energy of the photon of infrared light
energy at 1.55µm 40. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. 1.28x10-19 J Atmospheric noise is less at severe frequencies
B. 1.6 x10-19 J above
C. 1.22 x10-16 J A. Audio level
D. 1.9 x10-14 J B. 30 MHz
C. 10 GHz
34. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. 1 GHz
If a fiber optic system has a rise time of 38.55 ns,
the source rise time is 12 ns and the detector rise 41. ECE Board Exam April 1997
time is 12 ns, what is the cable rise time? At height about 180 km above the earth exist only
A. 34.61 ns during daylight.
B. 14.55 ns A. F2 layer
C. 52.55 ns B. D layer
D. 26.25 ns C. E layer
D. F1 layer
35. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Nominal voice channel 42. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. 20 to 20 KHz Radiation characteristics of a dipole
A. Figure of eight D. Trial and error
B. Omnidirectional
C. Bidirectional 49. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. Unidirectional Which of the following fall under the high
frequency band of the radio spectrum?
43. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. 8.2345 MHz
Determine the gain of a 6 ft. parabolic dish B. 150.50 MHz
operating at 1800 MHz. C. 2.4555 MHz
A. 30 dB D. 35.535 MHz
B. 11.2 dB
C. 15.5 dB 50. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. 28.17 dB The electric field lies in a plane parallel to the
earth’s surface.
44. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Elliptical polarization
An electromagnetic wave is ________ polarized B. Horizontal polarization
when the electric field lies wholly in one plane C. Vertical polarization
containing the direction of propagation. D. Circular polarization
A. Horizontally
B. Linearly 51. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. Circularly The use of telecommunication for the transmission
D. Vertically of signals to initiate, modify or terminate functions
of equipment at a distance.
45. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Tracking
A device that reduces the intensity of light in fiber B. Telemetry
optics communication systems. C. Telecommand
A. Reducer D. Space telemetry
B. Quality factor
C. Optical attenuator 52. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. Compressor The product of the power supplied to the antenna
and its gain relative to a half-wave dipole in a given
46. ECE Board Exam April 1997 direction.
Propagation mode of microwave in a waveguide is A. Peak envelope power
known as _______. B. ERP
A. TM C. Rated power
B. TE D. Carrier power’
C. SW
D. TEM 53. ECE Board Exam April 1997
The Ku-band in the satellite service
47. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. 14/11 GHz
The width of the frequency band which is just B. 30/17 GHz
sufficient to ensure the transmission of information C. 8/7 GHz
at the rate and with the quality required under a D. 6/4 GHz
specified condition and class of emission.
A. Occupied bandwidth 54. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Reference frequency The sinusoidal carrier is pulsed so that one of the
C. Necessary bandwidth binary states is represented by a carrier while the
D. Frequency tolerance bandwidth other is represented by its absence.
A. FSK
48. ECE Board Exam April 1997 B. ASK
A convenient method of determining antenna C. PSK
impedance. D. QAM
A. Stub matching
B. Reactance circle 55. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. Smith chart
Width measured in degrees of a major lobes A. 73 dB
between end of the love at which the relative power B. 62.4 dB
is one half (-3dB) its value from the peak of the C. 81.8 dB
lobe. D. 8.8 dB
A. Bandwidth
B. Wavelength 62. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. Radiation Receives and collects satellite signals form a
D. Beamwidth broadcast satellite.
A. LNB
56. ECE Board Exam April 1997 B. Yagi-Uda array
The most common unit of noise measurement in C. Satellite receiver
white noise voltage testing. D. Satellite disk
A. NPR
B. dBm 63. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. dBW What is the effect in over modulated amplitude
D. dBrn modulated radio broadcasting transmission?
A. Interference to adjacent channel
57. ECE Board Exam April 1997 B. Higher fidelity
Any governmental office responsible in discharging C. Increase noise
the obligations undertaken in the convention of the D. Higher audio signal
ITU and the regulation.
A. Administration 64. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. The union Average power of a radio transmitter supplied to the
C. Country antenna transmission line by a transmitter during
D. Telecommunications office one radio frequency cycle taken under the condition
of no modulation.
58. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Peak envelop power
A large speaker having a large diameter (15 cm and B. Rated power
above) C. Carrier power
A. Coaxial speaker D. Mean power
B. Woofer
C. Tweeter 65. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. Trixial speaker A method of expressing the amplitude of complex
non-periodic signals such as speech.
59. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Frequency
Coaxial lines are used on those systems operating B. Wavelength
_______. C. Volume
A. Below 2 GHz D. Pitch
B. At 300 MHz
C. Above 10KHz 66. ECE Board Exam April 1997
D. Above 10GHz A government regulation in telecommunication
which provide policy to improve the provision of
60. ECE Board Exam April 1997 local exchange carrier service.
Determine the dynamic range for a 10 bit sign A. E.O. 109
magnitude code. B. Act 3846
A. 1023 C. E.O. 59
B. 425 D. E.O. 546
C. 511
D. 756 67. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Radio communication operation service between
61. ECE Board Exam April 1997 mobile and land stations or between mobile stations.
A coherent binary phase shift keyed BPSK A. Land mobile satellite service
transmitter operates at a bit rate of 20 Mbps with a B. Maritime mobile service
carrier to noise ratio C/N of 8.8dB. Find Eb/No. C. Mobile service
D. Land mobile A. Back lobe radiation
B. Side lobe radiation
68. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Major lobe radiation
The smaller the f rating, the _____ light that lens D. Transmitted signal
can take in.
A. More 75. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Intense What is the channel bandwidth of a standard
C. Less analogue telephone system?
D. Same A. 300-500 Hz
B. 1200 kHz
69. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. 100-300 Hz
A radio communications service use in radio D. 300-3400 Hz
regulation between specified fixed points provided
primarily for the safety of air navigation and for the 76. ECE Board Exam April 1997
regular efficient and economical air transport. A satellite receives an uplink frequency of _______
A. Space operation service MHz from a ground station of 3700 MHz.
B. Space service A. 8150 MHz
C. Aeronautical mobile service B. 1475 MHz
D. Aeronautical fixed service C. 2225 MHz
D. 5925 MHz
70. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Harmonic suppressor connected to an antenna. 77. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. High pass filter The outer conductor of a coaxial transmission line is
B. Low pass filter always grounded at the
C. Tank circuit A. Input only
D. M-derived filter B. Input and output
C. Output only
71. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. Point of high SWR
The tendency of the sound energy to spread.
A. Rarefaction 78. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Reflection Sound intensity is given as
C. Refraction A. df/dP
D. Diffraction B. dE/dp
C. dA/dP
72. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. dP/dA
An earth satellite whose period of revolution is
equal to the period of rotation of the earth about its 79. ECE Board Exam April 1997
axis. The lowest frequency produced by an instrument.
A. Geosynchronous A. Harmonic
B. Steerable B. Fundamental
C. Passive C. Midrange
D. Active D. 0 Hz

73. ECE Board Exam April 1997 80. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A figure of merit used to measure the performance The reflector and director of an antenna array are
of a radiation detector. considered as
A. Noise equivalent power A. Parasitic elements
B. Ripple factor B. Transcendental elements
C. Safe factor C. Feed-points
D. Quality factor D. Driven elements

74. ECE Board Exam April 1997 81. ECE Board Exam April 1997
Radio wave concentration in the direction of the The core of the optical fiber has ______.
signal emitted by a directional antenna. A. A medium index of refraction
B. A lower index of refraction than the cladding Satellite system or part of a satellite system,
C. A lower index of refraction than air consisting of only one satellite and the operating
D. A higher index of refraction than the earth station.
cladding A. Satellite system
B. Satellite network
82. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Space system
What makes an antenna physically long but D. Multi-satellite link
electrically short?
A. Top loading 89. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Adding C in series The difference between the original and
C. Adding L in series reconstructed signal gives rise to
D. All of these A. S factor
B. Quantizing noise
83. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. S/N
An AM transmitter is rated 100W at 100% D. Fade margin
modulation. How much power required for the
carrier? 90. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. 33.33 W An area in the memory used for temporary storage
B. 66.66 W of information, on “Last in First out” basis.
C. 83.33 W A. Core
D. 100 W B. Register
C. Flag
84. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. Stack
Used for time division multiplexing.
A. Frequency modulation 91. ECE Board Exam April 1997
B. Pulsed modulation Refers to a land station in a maritime mobile service
C. SSB A. Coast station
D. Amplitude modulation B. Ship earth station
C. Coast earth station
85. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. Maritime station
A means of beyond the line-of-sight propagation of
microwave signal. 92. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. Space wave Modulation in which no signal is present between
B. Microwave link pulses
C. Troposcatter A. Pulse modulation
D. Point-to-point B. QAM
C. PSK
86. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. FSK
Which of the following refers to the smallest beam
of satellite antenna’s radiation pattern? 93. ECE Board Exam April 1997
A. Hemispheric beam In the designation of bandwidth and emission, what
B. Spot beam letter in the first symbol represents a double-
C. Zone beam sideband type of modulation?
D. Global beam A. A
B. B
87. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. C
Theoretical gain of a hertzian dipole D. H
A. 0 dB
B. 1.76 dB 94. ECE Board Exam April 1997
C. 3 dB Loss due to the diffraction of light when it strikes
D. 2.15 dB on the irregularities formed during the
manufacturing process of the fiber optics.
88. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Absorption loss
B. Attenuation
C. Bending loss A. Two or more antennas operating on two
D. Rayleigh scattering loss different frequencies
B. Two or more identical frequencies
95. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Two or more antennas operating on the same
What is the unit of electric field strength? frequency
A. Watt/meter D. Two or more different frequency
B. Ohms/meter
C. Ampere/meter 2. ECE Board Exam April 1998
D. Watt/meter2 An increase in the effective power radiated by an
E. No answer antenna in a certain desired direction at the expense
of power radiated in other directions.
96. ECE Board Exam April 1997 A. Antenna gain
Refers to the first generation of local loop system in B. Antenna back lobe ration
telecommunication technology. C. Antenna total ration
A. GSM D. Antenna efficiency
B. DECT
C. Analogue cellular 3. ECE Board Exam April 1998
D. TACS A radio land station in the land mobile service
A. Mobile station
97. ECE Board Exam April 1997 B. Land station
An area on the surface of the earth within which the C. Base station
bore sight of the steerable satellite beam intended to D. Ship earth station
be pointed
A. Effective boresight area 4. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. Countour boresight are A major and basic advantage for the use of a
C. Coordination boresight are klystron.
D. Equivalent boresight area A. High power
B. Efficiency
98. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. Lesser noise
For a sample rate of 40 kHz, determine the D. Cheaper
maximum analog input frequency
A. 30 kHz 5. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. 40 kHz A band where most military satellite often operate
C. 20 kHz A. Ku
D. 10 kHz B. C
C. X
99. ECE Board Exam April 1997 D. L
An antenna that can only receive a television signal.
A. Isotropic antenna 6. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. TVRO The final power amplifier in an FM transmitter
C. Reference antenna usually operates class ______.
D. Yagi antenna A. AB
B. C
100. ECE Board Exam April 1997 C. B
Halo is also called D. A
A. Flare
B. Dark current 7. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Glitch In television broadcasting vivid strong colors are
D. Ghost often referred as _______.
Test Yourself – Exam 05 A. Saturation
B. Hue
1. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. Chrominance
Space diversity transmission means transmitting D. Luminance
and receiving on _______.
8. ECE Board Exam April 1998 Which of the following is designated as the
Where do the maximum current and minimum international distress, safety and calling frequency
voltage values on a resonant Hertz dipole exist? for radio telephony for stations of the maritime
A. Center of the antenna mobile service when using frequencies in the
B. Near the end of the antenna authorized bands between 156 and 174 MHz?
C. Near the center of the antenna A. 165.8 MHz
D. Ends of the antenna B. 156.8 MHz
C. 158.6 MHz
9. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. 168.5 MHz
How can the antenna efficiency of an HF grounded
vertical antenna be made comparable to that of a 15. ECE Board Exam April 1998
half-wave antenna? A device that connects two dissimilar networks and
A. By lengthening the vertical performs the protocol conversion.
B. By installing a good ground radial system A. Gateway
C. By shortening the vertical B. Coupler
D. By isolating the coax shield from ground C. Transformer
D. Converter
10. ECE Board Exam April 1998
At what distance is VHF propagation normally 16. ECE Board Exam April 1998
limited? The use of telecommunication for the transmission
A. Around 500 miles of signals to initiate, modify or terminate functions
B. Around 1500 miles of equipment at a distance.
C. Around 2000 miles A. Tracking
D. Around 1000 miles B. space command
C. Telecommand
11. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. Trunking
What is meant by the term antenna efficiency?
A. Efficiency = effective radiated 17. ECE Board Exam April 1998
power/transmitter output x 100% Best described a dip-meter.
B. Efficiency = radiation resistance/ transmission A. A variable LC oscillator with metered
resistance feedback current
C. Efficiency = total resistance/radiation resistance B. An SWR meter
x 100% C. A counter
D. Efficiency = radiation resistance/total D. A field strength meter
resistance x 100%
18. ECE Board Exam April 1998
12. ECE Board Exam April 1998 Refers to an emission designation for facsimile?
This is referred to as a fixed radio station that A. J3E and F4E
broadcasts program material from studio to B. A3J and A4E
transmitter by radio link. C. A3E and F3C
A. Aural BC intercity relay D. R3E and A3E
B. Aural broadcast STL
C. Shortwave station 19. ECE Board Exam April 1998
D. Remote-pickup How does a SSB transmitter output power normally
expressed?
13. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. Average power
What law does a light traveling in air optical fiber B. In terms of peak envelop power
follow? C. In terms of peak-to-peak power
A. Millman D. Peak power
B. Snell’s
C. Maxwell 20. ECE Board Exam April 1998
D. Huygen In satellite communication, the Geostationary
satellites are conveniently located with respect to
14. ECE Board Exam April 1998 the equator at _______.
A. 45 degrees latitude
B. 90 degrees latitude 26. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. 0 degrees latitude This is a flexible vertical rod antenna commonly
D. 5 degrees latitude used on mobiles.
A. Marconi
21. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. Hertz
Known as the technique for adding a series inductor C. Whip
at or near the center of an antenna element in order D. Ground plane
to cancel the capacitive reactance of an antenna.
A. Dipole 27. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. Center loading Referred to as an average power from the radio
C. Reflector transmitter supplied to the antenna transmission line
D. loading coil taken during one radio frequency cycle under no
modulation.
22. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. Carrier power
What is meant by the term antenna bandwidth B. Rated power
A. Antenna length divided by the number of C. Peak envelop power
elements. D. Mean power
B. The angle between the half-power radiation
points 28. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. The frequency range over which and antenna _______ is a major cause of the sporadic-E
can be expected to perform well condition
D. The angle formed between two imaginary line A. Temperature inversions
drawn through the ends of the elements B. Sunspots
C. Meteors
23. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. Wind shear
A multiple access technique used in GSM cellular
system 29. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. TACS Which of the following refers to a double side band
B. FDMA full carrier?
C. TDMA A. A3E
D. CDMA B. A3J
C. F3
24. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. R3A
Refers to an effect of selective fading.
A. A fading effect caused by phase differences 30. ECE Board Exam April 1998
between radio wave components of the same What is the basic qualification of an applicant for
transmission, as experienced at the receiving public carrier network before a certificate of public
station. convenience or a provisional authority is issued?
B. A fading effect caused by small changes in A. Franchise
beam heading at the receiving station. B. SEC document
C. A fading effect caused by the time differences C. Business permit
between the receiving and transmitting stations. D. Radio station license
D. A fading effect caused by large changes in the
height of the ionosphere, as experienced at the 31. ECE Board Exam April 1998
receiving station. How wide is the spectrum bandwidth of a single
GSM carrier?
25. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. 100 kHz
Where the voltage node of a half-wave antenna does B. 200 kHz
exists? C. 50 kHz
A. At feed point D. 16 kHz
B. Near the center
C. At center 32. ECE Board Exam April 1998
D. Near the feed point
With which emission type is the capture-effect most
pronounced? 39. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. CW Referred to the dielectric constant of a transmission
B. FM line material.
C. SSB A. Inductance and capacitance
D. AM B. Velocity factor
C. Characteristic impedance
33. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. Propagation velocity
What is a dummy antenna?
A. One which is used as a reference for gain 40. ECE Board Exam April 1998
measurements Referred to as a ferrite device that can be used in
B. And antenna used for hand-held radio lieu of a duplexer to isolate a microwave transmitter
C. An non-directional transmitting antenna and receiver when both are connected to the same
D. A non-radiating load for a transmitter used antenna.
for testing A. Isolator
B. Circulator
34. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. Coupler
Best description of a collinear and broadside D. Diode.
antenna radiation pattern.
A. Bidirectional 41. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. Perfect circle _______ is more prevalent in analog signals that
C. Unidirectional have steep slopes or whose amplitudes vary rapidly.
D. Omnidirectional A. Peak limiting
B. Quantization noise
35. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. Granular noise
A satellite beam that covers almost 42.4% of earths D. Slope overload
surface.
A. Spot beam 42. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. Global beam Station located on an object which is beyond and is
C. Zone beam intended to go beyond the major portion of the
D. Hemispheric beam earth’s atmosphere.
A. Terrestrial station
36. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. Space station
The modulation technique used by GSM cellular C. Satellite station
system D. Mobile satellite station
A. Phase shift keying
B. Frequency shift keying 43. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Gaussian minimum shift keying A radio frequency in the ultra high frequency band
D. QAM of the radio spectrum band.
A. 235.50 MHz
37. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. 450.50 MHz
________ generates light beam at a specific visible C. 150.50 GHz
frequency. D. 0.31250 GHz
A. Glass fiber
B. Infrared 44. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Light waves Technical study which deals with production,
D. Laser transport and delivery of a quality signal from
source to destination.
38. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. Transmission system engineering
The most common application of satellites B. Communication system engineering
A. Surveillance C. Telephony engineering
B. Reconnaissance D. Telegraphic engineering
C. Defense systems
D. Communication 45. ECE Board Exam April 1998
It is used to connect computers in the same building D. The time required to complete one cycle
or in same area
A. MAN 52. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. LAN Is the total useful information processed or
C. SWITCH communicated over a specific amount of time
D. WAN A. Baud rate
B. Bit rate
46. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. Information theory
Referred by radio regulation as the station in the D. Throughput
mobile service not intended to be used while in
motion. 53. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. Fixed station What is the approximate percentage of earth
B. Base station coverage of a geostationary satellite at zero degree
C. Land station elevation?
D. Coast station A. 33.3%
B. 45.2%
47. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. 42.5%
What is the mixing process? D. 30.5%
A. Distortion caused by auroral propagation
B. The combination of two signals to produce 54. ECE Board Exam April 1998
sum and difference frequencies. This refers to an area in the memory used for
C. The elimination of noise in wideband receiver temporary storage of information on the basis of
by phase differentiation “Last in First out”.
D. The elimination of noise in a wideband receiver A. Core
by phase comparison B. Register
C. Flag
48. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. Stack
Which of the following systems is not used in radio
detection and ranging? 55. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. Frequency shift What is a driven element of an antenna?
B. Frequency modulation A. Always the rearmost element
C. Pulse radar B. Always the forwardmost element
D. Amplitude modulation C. The element fed by the transmission line
D. The element connected to the rotator
49. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Considered as the main source of an internal noise. 56. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. Device imperfection Which of the following term best described the
B. Thermal agitation overload distortion?
C. Temperature change A. Peak limiting
D. Flicker B. Quantization noise
C. Granular noise
50. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. Slope distortion
In shipboard satellite dish antennas system, azimuth
is referred as the _______. 57. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. 0 to 90 degrees What do you mean by the outward flow of and
B. Vertical aiming of the antenna energy from any source in the form of radio waves?
C. North to East A. Radiation
D. Horizontal aiming of the antenna B. Emission
C. Encoding
51. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. Tracking
What is the period of a wave?
A. The number of degrees in tone cycle 58. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. The number of zero crossing in one cycle
C. The amplitude of the wave
Refer to the deviation of the operating frequency of B. Phonoscope
a crystal oscillator from its nominal value due to C. Radioscope
temperature variations. D. Audioscope
A. Drift
B. Flash over 65. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Frequency deviation How much is the required minimum power output
D. Deviation ratio of an international AM BC stations?
A. 5 kW
59. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. 30 kW
Find the product of the following binary number C. 10 kW
100 to 101. D. 50 kW
A. 11000
B. 10100 66. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. 10010 What is the equivalent of decimal 51 in binary?
D. 11100 A. 111011
B. 110011
60. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. 111001
Which of the following is and impedance matching D. 100011
ration of coax balun?
A. 2:8 67. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. 1:2 One of the first satellite system catering personal
C. 4:1 based communications services scheduled for
D. 2:1 operation.
A. Iridium system
61. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. Plutonium system
Quantity that do not change when a beam of light C. Indium system
enters on e medium to another. D. Gallium system
A. Frequency
B. Wavelength 68. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Direction What do you call a circuit that controls the
D. Speed magnetron output?
A. Inverter
62. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. Impeller
Which of the following described the very early C. Modulator
standard that defines binary digits as space/mark D. Converter
line condition and voltage levels?
A. V.4 69. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. V.2 Known as the satellite transmitted signal form a
C. V.1 satellite transponder to earth’s station.
D. V.5 A. Uplink
B. Down link
63. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. RHCP
A form of single sideband emission where the D. Vertically polarized
degree of carrier suppression enable the carrier to be
reconstituted and be used for demodulation. 70. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. Half carrier single sideband emission Which of the following colors of light rays has the
B. Full carrier single sideband emission shortest wavelength?
C. Reduced carrier single sideband emission A. Yellow
D. Double sideband emission B. Violet
C. Red
64. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. Blue
An instrument for recording waveforms of audio
frequency. 71. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. Oscilloscope Antenna which is not properly terminated
A. Isotropic In radio High frequency communications the higher
B. Non-resonant the radio frequency the ______.
C. Whip A. Higher it can reach
D. Resonant B. Shorter it can reach
C. Effect is null
72. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. Longer it can reach
Term in communication which is referred, “to send
out in all direction”. 78. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. Announce The signal to noise ratio that is required for a
B. Broadcast satisfactory television reception.
C. Transmit A. 30 dB
D. Media B. 40 dB
C. 10 dB
73. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. 20 dB
At the ends of a half-wave antenna, what values of
current and voltage exist compared to the remainder 79. ECE Board Exam April 1998
of the antenna? What is meant by referring to electromagnetic
A. Minimum voltage and minimum current waves as horizontally polarized?
B. Equal voltage and current A. The electric field is parallel to the earth
C. Minimum voltage and maximum current B. Both the electric and magnetic fields are vertical
D. Maximum voltage and minimum current. C. Both the electric and magnetic fields are
horizontal
74. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. The magnetic fields is parallel to the earth
One of the following stands for SONET acronym in
telecommunication 80. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. System optical network What is emission F3F?
B. Simple operation network A. Facsimile
C. Synchronous optical network B. Modulated CW
D. System operating network C. RTTY
D. Television
75. ECE Board Exam April 1998
How can intermodulation interference between two 81. ECE Board Exam April 1998
transmitters in close proximity reduced or How can receiver desensitizing be reduced?
eliminated? A. Increase the receiver bandwidth
A. Through installing a band-pass filter in the B. Ensure good RF shielding between the
antenna feed line transmitter and receiver
B. Through installing terminated circulator or C. Increase the transmitter audio gain
ferrite isolator in the feed line of the transmitter D. Decrease the receiver squelch, gain.
and duplexer
C. By using a class C final amplifier with high 82. ECE Board Exam April 1998
driving power Circuit used to amplify the optical signal in fiber
D. By installing a low-pass filter in the antenna optics communications links.
feed line A. Attenuator
B. Optical repeater
76. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. Optical amplifier
What propagation condition is usually indicated D. Generator
when a VHF signal is received from a station over
5000 miles away? 83. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. Moonbounce What do you call the single booster installed on the
B. D-layer absorption antenna dish of satellite receiver?
C. Tropospheric ducting A. Low noise amplifier
D. Faraday rotation B. Single amplifier
C. Noise amplifier
77. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. Rectifier
Best describe as an amplifier used in radio
84. ECE Board Exam April 1998 telephony.
Term for the transmission of printed pictures by A. Magnifier
radio? B. Class B
A. Facsimile C. Class C
B. ACSSB D. Class A
C. Xerography
D. Television 91. ECE Board Exam April 1998
The latest government regulation in the
85. ECE Board Exam April 1998 telecommunication which provides policy for the
An interfering current in a telegraph or signaling provision of local exchange carrier service.
channel due to telegraph or signaling current by A. E.O. 546
another channel. B. E.O. 109
A. Crosstalk C. Act 3948
B. Noise current D. E.O. 59
C. Crossfire
D. Intermodulation 92. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Referred to as the stage in the radio receiver that
86. ECE Board Exam April 1998 contributes most of the noise.
Where is the noise generated that primarily A. IF amplifier
determines the signal-to-noise ratio in a VHF (150 B. Supply stage
MHz) marine-band receiver? C. Speaker
A. In the ionosphere D. Mixer
B. In the receiver rear end
C. In the receiver front end 93. ECE Board Exam April 1998
D. In the atmosphere The frequency tolerance of an AM radio broadcast
station
87. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. 200 Hz
Known as the data transfer scheme that used B. 2000 Hz
handmaking principle. C. 20 Hz
A. Synchronous data transfer scheme D. 2 Hz
B. DMA data transfer scheme
C. Asynchronous data transfer scheme 94. ECE Board Exam April 1998
D. Uninterrupted data transfer scheme What are electromagnetic waves?
A. A wave consisting of two magnetic fields at
88. ECE Board Exam April 1998 right angles to each other
Type of modulation used in TV broadcast visual B. A wave consisting of an electric field and a
transmitter. magnetic field at right angles to each other.
A. Pulse modulation C. Alternating currents in the core of an
B. DSBFC electromagnet
C. Vestigial sideband D. A wave consisting of two electric fields at right
D. SSBFC angles to each other

89. ECE Board Exam April 1998 95. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A transmitter supplies 8 kW to the antenna when it What is the frequency range of C-band?
is unmodulated, determine the total radiated power A. 10.95 to 14.5 GHz
when modulated at 90%. B. 27.5 to 31 GHz
A. 5 kW C. 3.4 to 6.424 GHz
B. 20 kW D. 1.53 to 2.7 GHz
C. 15 kW
D. 8.36 kW 96. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Determine from the following the basic mode of
90. ECE Board Exam April 1998 transmission system in the public data network in
which data are transferred from the source to the
network and from the network to the destination in
the frame format.
A. Voice mode
B. Asynchronous mode
C. Synchronous mode
D. Packet mode

97. ECE Board Exam April 1998 Test Yourself – Exam 06


Refers to a type of beam antenna which uses two or
more straight elements arranged in line with each 1. ECE Board Exam April 1998
other.
A. Dipole antenna When adjusting an RF filter on a transmitter using a
B. Yagi antenna dummy load, how much watts dissipation should it
C. Whip antenna stand to test a 150 watts transmitter?
D. Rhombic antenna
A. 75 watts
98. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. 300 watts
What is a frequency discriminator? C. 50 watts
A. A circuit for filtering two closely adjacent D. 150 watts
signals
B. A circuit for detecting FM signals 2. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. An FM generator When does broadcast station conduct and
D. An automatic bandswitching circuit. equipment test?
A. During day time
99. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. During night time
These are used to connect non-ISDN equipment ot C. At any time
ISDN line. D. During experimental period
A. Digipeaters
B. Terminal adapters 3. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Local repeaters Channel 7 of the regular television channel belongs
D. Terminal repeaters to which band?
A. Low VHF band
100. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. High VHF band
The executive branch of government in charge of C. Low UHF band
policy making in the telecommunications. D. High UHF band
A. National telecommunications commission
B. Telecommunications control bureau 4. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Department of transportation and Which of the following is one of the possible
communications causes for a slow drift of frequency in a self exited
D. Bureau of telecommunications transmitter oscillator circuits resulting to a poor
frequency stability?
A. Poor soldered connections
B. Power supply voltage changes
C. Loose connections in the oscillator, amplifier, or
antenna circuits
D. DC and RF heating of resistors, causing then
to change values.

5. ECE Board Exam April 1998


A third symbol radio emission which represent
telephone transmission including sound
broadcasting.
A. W
B. F
C. C A. The resistance in the trap coils to received signal
D. E B. An equivalent resistance that would dissipate
the same amount of power as that radiated
6. ECE Board Exam April 1998 from an antenna
Which of the following is not a common microwave C. The specific impedance of the antenna
application? D. Losses in the antenna elements and feed line
A. Radar
B. Data transmission 13. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Space communications Referred to an oscillator signal “leak through” from
D. Mobile radio a properly neutralized amplifier such as a master
oscillator power amplifier.
7. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. Carrier
Which of the following is referred to as a radio B. Stray signal
emission without sidebands C. Back wave
A. Analog D. Loss wave
B. Carrier
C. Data 14. ECE Board Exam April 1998
D. Voice An advantage of optic fiber rejecting an induced
noise signals from magnetic field or solar storms
8. ECE Board Exam April 1998 flux.
Ho w many times bigger does the bandwidth of a A. Electric hazard
fiber optic multimode have over a cable? B. Cross talk
A. 50 times bigger C. Immunity to noise
B. 100 times bigger D. Shielding
C. 10 times bigger
D. 5 times bigger 15. ECE Board Exam April 1998
What kind of effect is referred to a varying light
9. ECE Board Exam April 1998 producing a varying voltage output of a detector?
Type of antenna which is normally used for satellite A. Current effect
tracking service. B. Voltage effect
A. Omni C. Resistive effect
B. Helical D. Photovoltaic effect
C. Yagi
D. Dipole 16. ECE Board Exam April 1998
______ is known to be the first satellite capable of
10. ECE Board Exam April 1998 receiving and transmitting simultaneously.
One of the following is referred to as a major A. Syncom I
component of an optical time domain reflectometer B. Telstar I
A. Pulse generator and vertical plate C. Score
B. Laser and horizontal plate D. Aguila
C. Pulse generator laser
D. Vertical and horizontal plate 17. ECE Board Exam April 1998
The extremely high frequency (EHF) band is in the
11. ECE Board Exam April 1998 radio spectrum range of _______.
One of the commonly used domain in the internet A. 30 to 300 kHz
service. B. 30 to 300 GHz
A. Yahoo C. 3 to 30 MHz
B. http D. 3 to 30 GHz
C. com
D. www 18. ECE Board Exam April 1998
One of the following is not among the advantages
12. ECE Board Exam April 1998 of series modulation
What is meant by the term radiation resistance for A. No transformer
an antenna? B. Suppressed white noise
C. Simple D. Data set ready
D. Modulates any frequency
25. ECE Board Exam April 1998
19. ECE Board Exam April 1998 In amplitude modulation technique the unmodulated
What do you call the service area of a standard AM carrier is referred to as having ______.
broadcast where fading is allowed but not A. 100% modulation
objectionable co-channel interference? B. 0% modulation
A. Experimental C. 50% modulated
B. Secondary D. Over modulated
C. Tertiary
D. Primary 26. ECE Board Exam April 1998
One of the following is not among the major
20. ECE Board Exam April 1998 components required on board ship under the global
A third symbol emission which represent television. maritime distress and safety system.
A. C A. On board radio facilities
B. D B. Radio operator telegraphy onboard
C. F C. Shore base facilities
D. A D. Radio personnel on board

21. ECE Board Exam April 1998 27. ECE Board Exam April 1998
In telecommunications when we call data In what form does the information of data
communications it means the transmission communications is transmitted between two points?
of________. A. Alphanumeric form
A. Voice and video B. Alphabetic form
B. Voice C. Numeric form
C. Video D. Binary form
D. Computer data
28. ECE Board Exam April 1998
22. ECE Board Exam April 1998 Width of frequency band just enough to ensure the
If frequency range of 401.000MHz to 401.050MHz transmission of information at a required rate and
has to be channelized at 12.5 kHz between channel, quality required, and under a specified condition
what is the center of its first channel from the lower and class of emission.
limit? A. Occupied bandwidth
A. 401.125MHz B. Transmission bandwidth
B. 401.00625MHz C. Necessary bandwidth
C. 401.025MHz D. Frequency bandwidth
D. 401.0125MHz
29. ECE Board Exam April 1998
23. ECE Board Exam April 1998 Refers to one of the front end circuit of a VHF TV
Determine the effective radiated power of 20 kW superheterodyne receiver which is usually a
TV broadcast transmitter whose antenna has a field separate circuit coupled to the mixer.
gain of 2. A. Antenna feed
A. 40 kW B. AGC
B. 80,000 watts C. RF amplifier
C. 40,000 watts D. Local oscillator
D. 8,000 watts
30. ECE Board Exam April 1998
24. ECE Board Exam April 1998 All bits in character are sent and received ______ in
In indication signal for a handshake form the DCE serial port.
to the DTE in response to an active condition for the A. In groups of 3 bits
request to send a signal. B. One at a time
A. Data transmission C. In groups of 2 bits
B. Clear to send D. Simultaneously
C. Receive data
31. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. AFC
One of the following is a possible cause of an B. video stage gain
abrupt frequency variation in a self exited C. Audio gain control
transmitter oscillator circuits resulting to a poor D. CRT bias
frequency stability to hold a constant frequency
oscillation. 37. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. Heating and expansion of oscillator coil Determine the dB gain of a receiving antenna which
B. DC and RF ac heating of resistors which cause delivers a microvolt signal to a transmission line
change in values over that of an antenna that delivers a 20 microvolt
C. Heating of capacitor in the oscillator signal under identical circumstances.
D. Loose connections in the oscillator, amplifier, A. 10 dB
or antenna circuits. B. 6 dB
C. 3 dB
32. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. 8 dB
Which of the following parts of the radio receiver
represent the component that extracts the desire RF 38. ECE Board Exam April 1998
signal from the electromagnetic wave? Refers to one of a commonly used internet service
A. AF amplifier domain.
B. Antenna A. www
C. Detector B. http
D. Crystal C. gov
D. infoseek
33. ECE Board Exam April 1998
It is an average power of a radio transmitter 39. ECE Board Exam April 1998
supplied to the antenna transmission line taken A law that specifically requires the service of a duly
during a long sufficient interval of time and registered electronics and communications engineer
compared with the lowest frequency encountered in in the designing installation and construction,
the modulation, taken under the normal operating operation and maintenance of radio stations.
conditions. A. Act 3846
A. Carrier power B. LOl 1000
B. Rated power C. R.A. 5734
C. Mean power D. Dept. order 88
D. Peak envelop power
40. ECE Board Exam April 1998
34. ECE Board Exam April 1998 Which band does channel 14 of the television
Determine from the following radio frequency that channel belong?
falls under the very high frequency band of the A. High VHF band
radio spectrum. B. EHF band
A. 345.00 MHz C. UHF band
B. 144.50 MHz D. Low VHF band
C. 235.50 MHz
D. 450.00 MHz 41. ECE Board Exam April 1998
How many ship’s area is designated in the
35. ECE Board Exam April 1998 implementation of the global maritime distress and
What is the typical number of bits in a static safety system.
memory location? A. Four
A. 1 B. Six
B. 2 C. Three
C. 16 D. Two
D. 8
42. ECE Board Exam April 1998
36. ECE Board Exam April 1998 What kind of receiver is used in conventional
What controls the contrast of a television cathode telephone handset?
ray picture? A. Capacitor
B. Electromagnetic A. Security
C. Carbon B. Weight
D. Ceramic C. Bandwidth
D. Physical size
43. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Determine the lower half-power frequency of a 49. ECE Board Exam April 1998
class-C amplifier having upper half-power Assume a frequency range of 401.000 MHz to
frequency of 10.025 MHz, a resonant frequency 5 401.050 MHz, if you apply 25 kHz channeling plan,
MHz and a circuit Q of 10. determine the center frequency of the first channel
A. 1.0025 MHz from the lower limit.
B. 10.525 MHz A. 401.010 MHz
C. 0.5 MHz B. 401.0125 MHz
D. 10 MHz C. 401.025 MHz
D. 401.00625 MHz
44. ECE Board Exam April 1998
This is referred to a product of simultaneous 50. 50 ECE Board Exam April 1998
frequency and amplitude modulation or a carrier The stability of transmitted signal from a simple
frequency variation which produces unwanted Hartley oscillator single transmitter which is
distortion. coupled to and antenna wire affected by ______.
A. Absorption modulation A. Chirping of oscillator
B. Simultaneous modulation B. Closer coupling between the oscillator and
C. Dynamic instability the antenna.
D. Series modulation C. Location of antenna
D. Material of antenna
45. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Main basic components of a data communication 51. ECE Board Exam April 1998
are composed of the following. Refers to the first symbol in an emission
A. Computer, modern and router designation with an amplitude modulated main
B. Computer, bridge and gateway carrier represented by letter H.
C. Transmitter, channel and receiver A. Single sideband suppressed carrier
D. Transmitter, computer and modem B. Double sideband full carrier
C. Independent sideband
46. ECE Board Exam April 1998 D. Double sideband
The international radio consultative committee is
referred to in international radio communication as 52. ECE Board Exam April 1998
______. Assume a frequency range of 405.0125 MHz to
A. IRCC 405.0875 MHz and 25 kHz channeling plan,
B. ITU determine the center frequency of the second
C. IRR channel from the lower limit.
D. CCIR A. 405.030 MHz
B. 405.025 MHz
47. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. 405.050 MHz
Refers to a continuous tone generated in a local D. 405.075 MHz
exchange terminal through a combination of two
frequencies 350 Hz, and 440 Hz. 53. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. Busy tone An entity, relying on the transmission, switching
B. Call waiting tone and local distribution facilities of local exchange
C. Dial tone and inter-exchange operators, and overseas carriers,
D. Standard tone offers enhanced services beyond those ordinarily
provided by such carriers.
48. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. International carrier
One of the advantages of fiber optic which is B. Value-added service provided
referred to the volume of capacity of signals it can C. Inter-exchange carrier
carry. D. Local exchange carrier
A. BOC
54. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. DOTC
Which of the following refers to full duplex C. Congress
transmission? D. NTC
A. One at a time transmission
B. Two transmission medium 61. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Intermittent transmission What is the term for the ration of the radiation
D. Two way simultaneous transmission resistance of an antenna to the total resistance of the
system?
55. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. Effective radiated power
What is the first symbol of a radio signal B. Beamwidth
transmission having an amplitude modulated signal C. Radiation conversion loss
carrier, double side band? D. Antenna efficiency
A. C
B. B 62. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. H Where does the AM broadcast band located in the
D. A spectrum band?
A. HF band
56. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. VHF band
Best choice of transmission line component to C. LF band
couple a coaxial line to a parallel-wire line D. MF band
A. Shorting
B. Balun 63. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Slotted line What determines the velocity factor in transmission
D. Directional coupler line?
A. The center conductor resistivity
57. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. Dielectrics in the line
Which of the following refers to the video signal C. The termination impedance
amplitude that determines the quality of the picture? D. The line length
A. Chrominance
B. Luminance 64. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Brightness Refers to an address that identifies a server on the
D. Contrast network and a particular document on the server
A. Hypertext
58. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. HTML
________ is the method of encoding audio signals C. Wide area network
used in US standard 1544 kbit/s 24 channel PCM D. Uniform resource locator
systems.
A. Shannon’s law 65. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. A-law Type of emission produced by one of the early radio
C. Newton’s law transmitter in trains of damped RF ac waves where
D. Mu-law its oscillator is coupled to a long wire antenna,
normally used in radio telegraph and having
59. ECE Board Exam April 1998 sidebands on its carrier.
In radio regulation, the first symbol in the A. Digital emission
designation of radio emission is ______. B. Key emission
A. Bandwidth C. Cycle emission
B. Nature of signal(s) modulation the main carrier D. Spark emission
C. Type of modulation of the main carrier
D. Type of information to be transmitted 66. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Is a kind of satellite which has a period of
60. ECE Board Exam April 1998 revolution equivalent to the period of rotation of the
Who is the principal administrator of republic act earth about its axis.
7925? A. Passive satellite
B. Synchronous satellite Known as the maritime communications law which
C. Active satellite was enacted December 5, 1927
D. Geosynchronous satellite A. R.A. No. 109
B. R.A. No. 3396
67. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. R.A. No. 7925
Electromagnetic waves of frequencies arbitrarily D. R.A. No. 3846
lower than 3,000 GHz, propagated in space without
artificial guide. 73. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A. Space waves How do you transmit through multiplexing, a
B. Terrestrial waves thousand of voice channel information over a single
C. Mobile fiber optic using on e wavelength?
D. Hertzian waves A. Polar division
B. Time division
68. ECE Board Exam April 1998 C. Fiber division
Frequencies above ______ kHz, are referred to as D. Frequency division
the radio frequencies.
A. 20 74. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. 2 In regulation of public telecommunications carrier
C. 10 such as in the evaluation of new entrant, the
D. 200 following consideration shall be given emphasis to
_______.
69. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. Legal, technical and citizenship
Who is responsible in the correctness and accuracy B. Technical, citizenship and kind of service
of transmitted information content over a data C. Citizenship, capacity and financial
communication? D. Technical, legal and financial
A. The channel
B. The transmitter and receiver 75. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. The modem One of the following is a high powered RF ac basic
D. The bridge transmitter that has two or more stages, the
oscillator stage which determines the frequency
70. ECE Board Exam April 1998 opereation and RF amplifier stage or stages that
What is meant by the term deviation ratio? develop the high power output. The purpose of
A. The ratio of the carrier center frequency to the which is to develop a good frequency stability.
audio modulating frequency A. Goldsmith
B. The ratio of the highest audio modulating B. MOPA
frequency to the average audio modulating C. Alexanderson
frequency D. Hartley
C. The ratio of the maximum carrier frequency
deviation to the highest audio modulation 76. ECE Board Exam April 1998
frequency What is the meaning of the term velocity factor of a
D. The ratio of the audio modulating frequency to transmission line?
the center carrier frequency A. The index of shielding for coaxial cable
B. The velocity of the wave on the transmission
71. ECE Board Exam April 1998 line multiplied by the velocity of light in
A quarter wavelength devices made of crystalline vacuum
calcite that changes polarization in the optic fiber C. The ratio of the characteristic impedance of the
communication. line to the terminating impedance
A. Isolator D. The velocity of the wave on the transmission
B. Retarder line divided by the velocity of light in a
C. Polarizer vacuum
D. Filters
77. ECE Board Exam April 1998
72. ECE Board Exam April 1998 Which of the following determines the
characteristics of a transmission line?
A. Inductance
B. Capacitance 84. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Physical dimension How do you eliminate radio frequency variation of
D. Length an oscillator transmitter caused by its supply
voltage?
78. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. Use new power supply
One of the following is among the types of fiber B. Lossen power supply shielding
optics used in electronics communication. C. Use of regulated power supply
A. Step-index multimode D. Use of high capacitor in the supply circuit
B. Graded-index multimode
C. Semi-graded multimode 85. ECE Board Exam April 1998
D. Single mode Which of the following is not common transmission
line impedance?
79. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. 50 ohms
Which of the following refers to the smallest beam B. 120 ohms
of a satellite antenna’s radiation pattern C. 75 ohms
A. Global beam D. 650 ohms
B. Spot beam
C. Zone beam 86. ECE Board Exam April 1998
D. Hemispheric beam How do you reduce the loss that is produced when
light strikes a flat polished end of a fiber optic?
80. ECE Board Exam April 1998 A. By painting the surface
One of the FM signal generator control which varies B. By inclining the surface
the phase of the modulating voltage applied to the C. By cooling
oscillator of the sweep generator D. By application of antireflection coating
A. Band control
B. Phase control 87. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Marker amplitude control Best reason for pressurizing waveguides with dry
D. Sweep output control air
A. To maintain propagation
81. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. To maintain temperature of the waveguide
What consists the front-end circuit of a VHF TV C. To reduce the possibility of internal arcing
superheterodyne receiver? D. To increase the speed of propagation
A. Mixer, RF amplifier and AFC?
B. RF amplifier, Band pass filter and mixer 88. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Local oscillator, mixer and RF amplifier What is the device used in fiber optic
D. Local oscillator, AGC and antenna communication which consist of a receiver
transmitter use to clean up and amplify digital data
82. ECE Board Exam April 1998 moving in one direction and another in the opposite
One of the following prevents a transmitter from direction?
emitting a signal that interferes with other stations A. Optic compressors
on frequency during the test. B. Optic retarders
A. Use of low height antenna C. Optic isolator
B. Use of grounded antenna D. Optic regenerators
C. Use of dummy antenna
D. Use of shielded antenna radiator 89. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Which of the following refers to the first active
83. ECE Board Exam April 1998 satellite?
A transmission line consisting of two conductors A. Telstar I
that have equal resistance per unit length. B. Echo I
A. Unbalanced line C. Intelsat I
B. Open-wire line D. Sputnik I
C. Balanced line
D. Coaxial line 90. ECE Board Exam April 1998
In modulation technique, which of the following is C. Use time
referred to audible pitch? D. Holding time
A. Width
B. Frequency 97. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Harmonic In data communication the transmission of binary
D. Amplitude signals will require _______.
A. Same bandwidth as analog
91. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. More bandwidth than analog
What do you call the phenomenon in digital circuits C. Less bandwidth than analog
that describe the duration of time a digital signal D. Bigger cable diameter
passes a circuit?
A. Transmission time 98. ECE Board Exam April 1998
B. Elapsed time Assuming a UHF frequency range of 405.0125
C. Propagation delay MHz to 405.0875 MHz at 25 kHz channeling plan,
D. Travel delay how many channels can you produce?
A. 2.5 ch.
92. ECE Board Exam April 1998 B. 2 ch.
What is the major cause of atmospheric or static C. 4 ch.
noise? D. 3 ch.
A. Sunspots
B. Airplanes 99. ECE Board Exam April 1998
C. Meteor showers One of the following is a possible cause for a slow
D. Thunderstorm drift of frequency in a self-exited transmitter
oscillator circuits resulting to a poor frequency
93. ECE Board Exam April 1998 stability.
Which of the following is not referred to as data A. Loose shielding
terminal equipment? B. Heating of capacitor in the oscillator
A. Telephone set C. Poor soldered connections
B. Printers D. Faulty capacitor, resistor, tubes or resistors
C. Modem
D. Computer 100. ECE Board Exam April 1998
A modulation which does not follow the sine wave
94. ECE Board Exam April 1998 pattern, it produces undesirable harmonics such as
_______ is referred as the difference between spurious emission
available power and power budget? A. 0% modulated
A. Fade margin B. Over-modulated
B. Power margin C. Unmodulated
C. Nominal gain D. 100% modulated
D. Power dissipation

95. ECE Board Exam April 1998


The conversion of digital signal into analog for
purposes of transmitting into the telephone line is
done through ______.
A. ISDN
B. Radio
C. RS232C
D. Modem

96. ECE Board Exam April 1998


Refers to the duration occupancy period of call
during its use.
A. Occupancy period
B. Traffic time
Test Yourself – Exam 07 C. 36 MHz
D. 48 MHz
1. How far away is the radio horizon of an antenna
100ft high? 8. What is the bandwidth available in the commercial
A. 14.14 mi C-band?
B. 40km A. 1000 MHz
C. 14.14 km B. 36 MHz
D. 40 mi C. 250 MHz
D. 500 MHz
2. What is the maximum line-of-sight distance between
a paging antenna 250 ft high and a pager receiver 3.5ft 9. Which of the following is the uplink frequency in C-
of the ground? band?
A. 25 km A. 5.925 GHz
B.25mi B. 4.2 GHz
C. 70.73 km C. 7.425 GHz
D. 70.73 mi D. 3.7 GHz

3. What is the path attenuation between transmitter and 10. How many transponder channels are realized in the
receiver at a frequency of 1.2 Ghz and a distance of commercial C-band without frequency re-use?
11,000 mi? A. 24
A. 119 dB B. 12
B. 115dB C. 36
C. 179dB D. 48
D. 174dB
11. Which band of frequencies used by military for its
4. What is the uplink receiver frequency if the downlink satellites and radar?
transmitter is on channel 4 (3.84 Ghz)? A. C band
A. 6.065 GHz B. X band
B. 6.84 GHz C. L band
C. 6.65 GHz D. P band
D. 6.05 GHz
12. For navigation as well as marine and aeronautical
5. What is the maximum theoretical data rate of the communications and radar, ____ band is used.
above problem if one transponder is used for binary A. L
transmission? B. K
A. 36 Mbps C. S
B. 72 Mbps D. J
C.18 Mbps
D. 144 Mbps 13. What is the current frequency band given most
attenuation for satellite communications?
6. What is the quardband between transponder channels A. Ku
in the commercial C-band for satellite communications? B. C band
A. 6 MHz C. J
B. 36 MHz D. P
C. 4 MHz
D. 2 MHz
14. What satellite subsystem monitors onboard
conditions such as temperature and battery voltage and
transmits this data back to a ground station for analysis?
A. Communications subsystem
B. AKM
7. What is the typical satellite transponder bandwidth? C. TTC
A. 24 MHz D. Transponder
B. 500 MHz
15. Which of the following satellite subsystem provides
stabilization in orbit and senses changes in orientation? 23. What is the orbit height of a GPS satellite?
A. Attitude control subsystem A. 10,898 nmi
B. TTC B. 10,898 mi
C. AKM C. 10,898 km
D. Transponder D. 10, 898 m

16. What is the typical center frequency spacing 24. What is the orbital period of each satellite in the
between adjacent channels (transponders) in satellites? GPS constellation?
A. 36 MHz A. 6 h
B. 40 MHz B. 12 h
C. 500 MHz C. 5 h
D. 4 MHz D. 15 h

17. Which of the following are uplinks in the Ku band? 25. What term is normally associated with specifying
A. 14 to 14.5 GHz the location of a celestial body in space?
B. 11.7 to 12.2 GHz A. Constellation
C. 14 to 15.5 GHz B. Galaxy
D. 11 to 11.5 GHz C. Satellite
D. Ephemeris
18. What is considered as the most advanced satellite
system developed for cellular telephones? 26. What is the angle of inclination of GPS system?
A. Iridium A. 55˚
B. Globalstar B. 65˚
C. ANIK C. 105˚
D. Molniya D. 45˚

19. What is the orbit of Motorola’s Iridium satellite 27. What material is most often used for the outer
system? covering of coaxial cables?
A. Polar A. PVC
B. Equatorial B. Teflon
C. Inclined elliptical C. PE
D. Inclined equatorial D. Polystyrene

20. What band of frequencies do these satellites


operate?
A. L band
B. Ka band
C. C band 28. What is the dielectric constant of polyethylene (PE)
D. Ku band insulator?
A. 2.5
B. 3.3
21. Iridium satellites can provide data communications C. 2.27
of up ____ bps data rate. D. 2.1
A. 1200
B. 4800 29. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is also widely used
C. 2400 insulator and is known as.
D. 3840 A. polystyrene
B. teflon
22. What satellite system is also known as Navstar? C. ceramic
A. GPS D. bakelite
B. Iridium
C. Globalstar
D. Intelsat
30. What is the characteristic impedance of a two-wire
line with the following data: diameter = 0.023in., 37. Which coaxial cable connector is least expensive
spacing =0.5 in., insulation = PE.? and is widely used for TV sets,VCRs and cable TV?
A. 300Ω A. N-type connector
B. 250Ω B. F-type connector
C. 305Ω C. BNC
D. 301Ω D. PL-259

31. What is the characteristic impedance of a coaxial 38. Which coaxial connector is a more complex and
line with the following data: inner diameter = 0.2 in., expensive but do a better job in maintaining the
center conductor diameter = 0.06 in., insulation = electrical characteristics of the cable through the
Teflon. interconnections?
A. 200Ω A. N-type connector
B. 75Ω B. F-type connector
C. 50Ω C.BNC
D. 150Ω D. PL-259

32. A pair of current-carrying conductors is not 39. The velocity factor in transmission lines vary from
considered a transmission line unless it is at least ___ λ ___ to ___.
long at the signal frequency. A. 0.6 to 0.8
A. 0.1 B. 0.3 to 0.5
B. 0.3 C.0.5 to 0.9
C. 0.2 D. 0.8 to 0.9
D. 0.4
40. What is the typical velocity factor of coaxial cables?
33. If the operating frequency is 450 MHz what length A. 0.6 to 0.8
of a pair of conductors is considered to be a B. 0.3 to 0.5
transmission line? C. 0.5 to 0.9
A. 2.19 ft D. 0.4 to 0.6
B. 2.19 m
C. 0.219 ft 41. What is the typical velocity factor of open-wire
D. 0.219 m line?
A. 0.9
34. What is the physical length of the above B. 0.8
transmission line at 3/8λ long? C. 0.5
A.0.82 m D. 0.7
B. 0.82 ft
C. 0.82 in
D. 0.82 cm 42. What line has a typical velocity factor of about 0.8?
A. Shielded pair
35. Which of the following coaxial cable connectors is B. Flexible coaxial
called the UHF connector? C. Twin-lead
A. PL-259 D. Open-wire line
B. BNC
C. N-type connector 43. What is the velocity factor of coaxial cable with a
D. F connector characteristic impedance of 50Ω and capacitance of
30pF/ft and inductance of 75 nH/ft?
36. What connector is popular in attaching test A. 0.58
instruments like oscilloscopes, frequency counters, B.0.68
spectrum analyzers, etc? C. 0.98
A. UHF connector D. 0.81
B. PL-259
C. BNC 44. What is transit time (time delay) of a 50-ft length
D. SMA transmission line of the above problem?
A. 50 ns A. Cognitive
B. 100 ns B. Affective
C. 75 ns C. Digital
D. 65 ns D. Analog

45. What do you call a transmission line used 52. What sound characteristic relates to a sonic time
specifically for the purpose of achieving delay? pattern?
A. Delay line A. Tempo
B. Flat line B. Attack
C. Resonant line C. Rhythm
D. Non-resonant line D. Timbre

46. What is the time delay introduced by a 75-ft coaxial 53. What is considered the most obvious conveyor of
cable with a dielectric constant of 2.3? information?
A. 1.54 ns A. Sound
B. 11.5 ns B. Speech
C. 115.6 ns C. Music
D. 1156 ns D. Noise

47. Assume a frequency of 4 MHz, determine the phase 54. Attack is a sound characteristic that refers to the
shift offered by the line in the above problem. way a sound begins. Which of the following is NOT an
A. 108.5˚ attack of sound?
B. 106.5˚ A. Hard
C. 115.5˚ B. Soft
D. 166.5˚ C. Crisp
D. Simple
48. Find the load impedance that must be used to
terminate RG-62A/U to avoid reflections? 55. At what loudness level do pitch (in mels) and
A. 93Ω frequency (in Hz) are numerically equal?
B. 75Ω A. 0 dB
C. 50Ω B. 20 dB
D. 300Ω C. 60 dB
D. 40 dB

49. Find the equivalent inductance per foot of the above 56. The basic voice band has how many octaves?
cable? A. 10
A. 13.5 nF/ft B. 4
B. 13.5 pF/ft C. 5
C. 116.8 nH/ft D. 3
D. 116.8 pF/ft
57. The ratio of frequencies is termed.
50. An RG-11/U foam coaxial cable has a maximum A. interval
voltage standing wave of 52 V and a minimum voltage B. octave
of 17 V. Find the value of the resistive load. C. harmonics
A. 24.59Ω D. factor
B. Either A or C
C. 228.75Ω 58. What is the tonal ratio of an octave?
D. Neither A nor C A. 1 to 2
B. 1 to 3
51. Sound provides all sorts of information. What C. 2 to 1
information is related to mental processes of D. 3 to 1
knowledge, reasoning, memory, judgement and
perception?
59. If the loudness level is 100 phons, what is this in C. 76 MHz
sone unit? D. 76 mHz
A. 100
B. 90 67. A choir consisting of 36 individuals all of whom
C. 106 can sing with the same intensity. A soloist sings a
D. 96 certain passage and then is joined by the remainder of
the choir members for a repeat of the passage. What is
60. What octave bands are there in the midrange? the difference in the sound intensity level in the two
A. 1st and 2nd cases?
B. 5th, 6th and 7th A. 3 dB
C. 3rd and 4th B. 6 dB
D. 8th and 9th C. 36 dB
D. 15.6dB
61. How much louder is 80 phons over 60 phons?
A. 1000 times 68. For the safety and comfort of factory workers, the
B.4 times louder sound-intensity level in a certain factory must remain
C. 100 times below 85 dB. What is the maximum sound intensity
D. Twice as loud allowed in this factory?
A. 3.2 x 10-4 W/m2
62. What increase in sound level is commonly B. 3.2 x 10-6 W/m2
perceived by most people? C. 3.2 x 10-10 W/m2
A. 6 to 10 dB D. 3.2 x 10-3 W/m2
B. 1 to 3 dB
C. 3 to 6 dB 69. What sound intensity corresponds to a sound-
D. 10 to 20dB intensity level of 50dB?
A. 1 x 10-6W/m2
B. 1 x 10-7W/m2
C. 1 x 10-8W/m2
D.1 x 10-5W/m2

63. What is typical loudness level of an acoustic guitar 70. The sound intensity received from the nearby jet
1 foot away? plane is 12.6 µW/m2 and that from another jet plane
A. 60dB some distance away is 0.45 µW/m2. Find the relative
B. 100dB loudness of the two.
C. 80dB A. 14.0 dB
D. 40dB B. 14.5dB
C. 12.5
64. What do you call the perceptible sound repetition? D. 14.5
A. Reverberation
B. Echo 71. The noise from an airplane engine 100 ft from an
C. Reflection observer is found to have an intensity of 45dB. What
D. Masking will be the intensity when the plane flies overhead at an
altitude of 1 mi?
65. What is the amount of sound reduction provided by A. 10.5 dB
a barrier – wall, floor, or ceiling called? B. 34.5 dB
A. Sound Attenuation C. 35 dB
B. Transmission loss D. 20.5 dB
C. Sound absorption
D. Barrier loss 72. What is the apparent loudness of 80 dB?
A. Moderate
66. What is the frequency of a 2-cm sound wave in sea B. Very loud
water at 25˚C? C. Loud
A. 76 kHz D. Deafening
B. 76 Hz
73. What loudness level in which permanent damage to B. 500
hearing is possible? C. 1000
A. 120 dB D. 1500
B. 140 dB
C. 130 dB 81. How many FM stations would be accommodated I
D. 150 dB an ordinary TV channel?
A. 33
74. What is sound pressure level if the RMS sound B. 30
pressure is 100 μbars? C. 40
A. 114 dB D. 25
B. 11.4 dB
C. 94 dB 82. What is the actual length in feet of a one-quarter
D. 57 dB wavelength of a coax with a velocity factor of 0.695 at
45 MHz?
75. What is the velocity of sound in wood (m/s)? A. 17.82
A. 330 B. 19.26
B. 3600 C. 16.28
C. 3300 D. 16.97
D. 5800
83. Determine the terrain sensitivity loss for a 4-GHz
76. What is the optimum reverberation time at 500 to carrier that is propagating over a very dry, mountainous
1000 Hz of an auditorium? area.
A. 0.9 to 1.1 s A. -1.25 dB
B. 1.4 to 1.6 s B. -3.05 dB
C. 1.5 to 1.6 s C. -2.01 dB
D. 1.6 to 1.8 s D. -5.01 dB

84. A satellite transmitter operates at 4GHz with an


77. For a cinema, the optimum volume per person antenna gain of 4dBi. The receiver 40000 km away has
required is an antenna gain of 50 dBi. If the transmitter has a
A. 3.1 power of 8 W, find (ignoring feedline losses and
B. 2.8 mismatch) the EIRP in dBW.
C. 7.1 A. 50
D. 4.2 B. 69
C. 49
78. Which of the following is NOT an acoustical defect D. 30
to be avoided in acoustical designs?
A. Reverberation 85. A radio signal moves from air to glass. The angle
B. Flutter echo of incidence is 20°. Calculate the angle of refraction.
C. Distortion The relative permittivity of the glass is 7.8.
D. Sound concentration A. 7.8°
B. 5.04°
79. What absorber in which efficient absorption is only C. 6.04°
possible over a very narrow band approaching 1.0 (total D. 7.04°
absorption)?
A. Porous material 86. At a certain time, the MUF for transmission at an
B. Helmholtz resonator angle of incidence of 75° is 17 MHz. What is the
C. Panel Absorber critical frequency?
D. Membrane absorber A. 4.4 MHz
B. 3.5 MHz
80. How many voice signals (4 kHz max.) would fit C. 6.5 MHz
into a 5 MHz spectrum? D. 1.5 MHz
A. 1250
87. A properly matched transmission line has a loss of B. 30 kHz
1.5 dB/100m. if 10 W is supplied to one end of the line, C. 300 Hz
how many watts reach the load, 27 m away? D. 307.2 kHz
A. 10 W
B. 7.2 W 95. A radio signal travels ____ yards per microseconds.
C. 9.9 W A. 273
D. 9.1 W B. 328
C. 618
88. The electromagnetic radiation theory was D. 123.6
profounded by
A. Sir Edward Appleton 96. What is the actual length in feet of a one-half
B. Guglielmo Marconi wavelength of a coax with a velocity factor of 0.63 at
C. Heinrich Hertz 28 MHz?
D. James C. Maxwell A. 44.28
B. 43.46
89. What is caused by the transverse nature of C. 11.07
electromagnetic waves? D. 46.27
A. Polarization
B. Interference 97. The range of speech power is ____.
C. Beamwidth A. 1 – 10 watts
D. Gain B. 100 – 1000 milliwatts
C. 10 – 100 milliwatts
90. Which propagation method is known as special case D. 10 – 1000 microwatts
of skywave?
A. Space wave 98. What is the actual length in feet of a one-quarter
B. Troposcatter wavelength of a coax with a velocity factor of 0.68 to
C. Ground wave 30 MHz?
D. Direct wave A. 19.26
91. What is the orbit inclination of geostationary B. 5.6
satellites? C. 17.82
A. 0° D. 16.97
B. 10°
C. 20° 99. What is actual length in feet of a one-half
D. 30° wavelength of a coax with a velocity factor of 0.59 at
26 MHz?
92. A transmission line of unknown impedance is A. 11.16
terminated with two different resistances, and an SWR B. 40.29
is measured each time. With a 75 Ω termination, the C. 42.46
SWR measures 1.5. With a 300 Ω termination, it D. 46.28
measures 2.67. What is the impedance of the line?
A. 100 Ω 100. The agreed standard for measuring loudness is the
B. 212 Ω loudness sensation produced by a 1000 Hz sine wave
C. 300 Ω _____ dB above the listener’s threshold of hearing.
D. 112 Ω A. 80
B. 50
93. What is the high frequency sound that cannot be C. 30
heard by the human ear? D. 40
A. Ultrasonic
B. Transonic
C. Subsonic
D. Supersonic

94. What frequency is 10 octaves above 30 Hz?


A. 30.72 kHz
C. Time differences between the receiving and
transmitting stations.
D. Phase differences between radio wave
components of the same transmission, as
experienced at the receiving station.

5. What phenomenon causes the radio-path horizon


distance to exceed the geometric horizon?
A. E-layer skip.
B. D-layer skip.
C. Auroral skip.
D. Radio waves may be bent.

6. What propagation condition is usually indicated


when a VHF signal is received from a station over 500
miles away?
A. D-layer absorption
B. Faraday rotation
C. Tropospheric ducting
Test Yourself – Exam 08 D. Moonbounce

1. What is the refractive index of an ionospheric layer 7. What is meant by the term modulation index?
with 100x105 free electrons per m3? A. The processor index.
Assume frequency to be at 20 MHz. B. The ratio between the deviation of a
A. 0.99 frequency modulated signal and the modulating
B. 0.15 frequency.
C. 0.78 C. The FM signal-to-noise ratio.
D. 0.85 D. The ratio of the maximum carrier frequency
deviation to the highest audio modulating frequency.
2. “Each point on a spherical wavefront may be
considered a source of secondary spherical 8. The bending of radio waves passing over the top of a
wavefronts”. This is known as the mountain range that disperses a weak portion of the
A. Snell’s law signal behind the mountain is
B. D’Alembert’s principle A. eddy-current phase effect
C. Appleton’s theory B. knife-edge diffraction
D. Huygen’s principle C. shadowing
D. mirror refraction effect
3. What is meant by the term deviation ratio?
A. The ratio of the audio modulating frequency 9. What is the wavelength of a signal at 500 MHz?
to the center carrier frequency. A. 0.062 cm
B. The ratio of the maximum carrier B. 6 meters
frequency deviation to the highest audio modulating C. 60 cm
frequency. D. 60 meters
C. The ratio of the carrier center frequency to
the audio modulating frequency. 10. What is included in the total resistance of an
D. The ratio of the highest audio modulating antenna system?
frequency to the average audio modulating frequency. A. Radiation resistance plus space impedance
B. Radiation resistance plus transmission
4. What is the major cause of selective fading? resistance
A. Small changes in the beam heading at the C. Transmission line resistance plus radiation
receiving station. resistance
B. Large changes in the height of the D. Radiation resistance plus ohmic resistance
ionosphere, as experience at the receiving station. 11. What are electromagnetic waves?
A. Alternating currents in the core of an A. 18 km
electromagnet B. 72 km
B. A wave consisting of two electric fields at C. 164 km
right angles to each other D. 656 km
C. A wave consisting of an electric field and a
magnetic field at right angles to each other 18. A receiver is located 64 km from a space wave
D. A wave consisting of two magnetic fields at transmitting antenna that is 100 meters high. Find the
right angles to each other required height of the receiving antenna.
A. 36 meters high
12. The band of frequencies least susceptible to B. 64 meters high
atmospheric noise and interference is: C. 100 meters high
A. 30 – 300 kHz D. 182.25 meters high
B. 300 – 3000 kHz
C. 3 – 30 MHz 19. Which of the following is not one of the natural
D. 300 – 3000 MHz ways a radio wave may travel from transmitter to
receiver?
13. What is the relationship in degrees of the A. Ground wave
electrostatic and electromagnetic fields of an antenna? B. Micro wave
A. 0 degree C. Sky wave
B. 45 degrees D. Space wave
C. 90 degrees
D. 180 degrees 20. Which of the following terrain types permits a
ground wave to travel the farthest?
14. For a space wave transmission, the radio horizon A. Salt water
distance of a transmitting antenna with a height of 100 B. Fresh water
meters is approximately: C. Sandy
A. 10 km D. Rocky
B. 40 km
C. 100 km 21. What is the input terminal impedance at the center
D. 400 km if a folded dipole antenna?
A. 300 ohms
15. What is meant by referring to electromagnetic B. 72 ohms
waves as horizontally polarized? C. 50 ohms
A. The electric field is parallel to the earth. D. 450 ohms
B. The magnetic field is parallel to the earth.
C. Both the electric and magnetic fields are 22. What is the term used to describe a spread spectrum
horizontal communications system where the center frequency if a
D. Both the electric and magnetic fields are conventional carrier is altered many time per second in
vertical accordance with a pseudo-random list of channels?
A. Frequency hopping
16. What is meant by referring to electromagnetic B. Direct sequence
waves as having circular polarization? C. Time-domain frequency modulation
A. The electric field is bent into a circular D. Frequency compandored spread spectrum
shape.
B. The electric field rotates 23. What is the velocity factor for non-foam dielectric
C. The electromagnetic wave continues to circle 50 or 75 ohm flexible coaxial cable such as RG 8, 11,
the earth 58 and 59?
D. The electromagnetic wave has been A. 2.70
generated by a quad antenna B. 0.66
C. 0.30
17. If a transmitting antenna is 100 meters high and a D. 0.10
separate receiving antenna is 64 meters high, what is
the maximum space wave communication distance
possible between them?
31. Skip distance can be maximized by using the ____
24. If a transmission line has a power loss of 6 dB per radiation angle possible and the ____ frequency that
100 feet, what is the power at the feed point to the will be refracted at that angle.
antenna at the end of a 200 foot transmission line fed by A. lowest, lowest
a 100 watt transmitter? B. lowest, highest
A. 70 watts C. highest, lowest
B. 50 watts D. highest, highest
C. 25 watts
D. 6 watts 32. What is the meaning of the term “velocity factor” of
a transmission line?
25. What determines the velocity factor in a A. The ratio of the characteristic impedance of
transmission line? the line to the terminating impedance
A. The termination impedance B. The index of shielding for coaxial cable.
B. The line length C. The velocity of the wave on the transmission
C. Dielectrics in the line line multiplied by the velocity of light in a vacuum.
D. The center conductor resistivity D. The velocity of the wave on the
transmission line divided by the velocity of light in a
26. What term is used to describe a spread spectrum vacuum.
communications system in which a very fast binary bit
stream is used to shift the phase of an RF carrier? 33. What is the term for the ratio of actual velocity at
A. Frequency hopping which a signal travels through a line to the speed of
B. Direct sequence light in a vacuum?
C. Binary phase-shift keying A. Velocity factor
D. Phase compandored spread spectrum B. Characteristic impedance
C. Surge impedance
27. Which of the following frequency bands is best D. Standing wave ratio
suited for ground wave propagation?
A. 30 to 300 kHz 34. Why is the physical length of a coaxial cable
B. 300 kHz to 3 MHz transmission line shorter than its electrical length?
C. 3 MHz to 30 MHz A. Skin effect is less pronounced in the coaxial
D. 30 MHz to 300 MHz cable
B. RF energy moves slower along the coaxial
28. Which of the following frequency bands is best cable
suited for sky wave propagation? C. The surge impedance is higher in the parallel
A. 30 to 300 kHz feed line
B. 3 MHz to 30 MHz D. The characteristic impedance is higher in the
C. 30 MHz to 300 MHz parallel feed line
D. 3 GHz to 30 GHz
35. What would be the physical length of a tpical
29. What is the seventh harmonic of a 100 MHz quarter coaxial transmission line that is electrically one-quarter
wavelength antenna? wavelength long at 14.1 MHz?
A. 14.28 MHz A. 20 meters
B. 107 MHz B. 3.51 meters
C. 149 MHz C. 2.33 meters
D. 700 MHz D. 0.25 meter

30. Which if the following layers of the ionosphere has 36. To obtain the most reliable sky wave propagation
no effect on sky wave propagation during the hours of the ____ should be used.
darkness? A. Lowest useable frequency (LUF).
A. D B. Maximum useable frequency (MUF).
B. E C. Optimum useable frequency (OUF).
C. F1 D. Critical frequency
D. F2
A. When comparing the gains of directional
antennas
B. When testing a transmission line for standing
37. What is the deviation ratio for an FM-phone signal wave ratio
having a maximum frequency swing of plus or minus 5 C. When (in the northern hemisphere) directing
kHz and accepting a maximum modulation rate of the transmission in a southerly direction
3kHz? D. When using a dummy load to tune a
A. 60 transmitter
B. 0.16
C. 0.6 44. Most AM broadcasts employ ___ polarization while
D. 1.66 most FM broadcasts employ ___ polarization of the
radio wave.
38. Tropospheric scatter is a method of sky wave A. vertical, vertical
propagation for which of the following frequency B. vertical, horizontal
bands? C. horizontal, vertical
A. 300 kHz to 3 MHz D. horizontal, horizontal
B. 3 MHz to 30 MHz
C. 30 MHz to 300 MHz 45. How does the gain of a parabolic dish type antenna
D. 300 MHz to 3 GHz change when the operating frequency is doubled?
A. Gain does not change
39. What is the frequency range of an aircraft’s radio B. Gain is multiplied by 0.707
altimeter? C. Gain increases 6 dB
A. 962 MHz to 1213 MHz D. Gain increases 3 dB
B. 329.15 MHz to 335.00 MHz
C. 4250 MHz to 4350 MHz 46. What is the frequency range of an aircraft’s Very
D. 108.00 MHz to 117.95 MHz High Frequency (VHF) communications?
A. 118.000 MHz to 136.975 MHz (worldwide
40. What type of transmission is radiated from an up to 151.975 MHz)
aircraft’s radio altimeter antenna? B. 108.000 MHz to 117.95 MHz
A. An amplitude modulated continuous wave C. 329.15 MHz to 335.00 MHz
B. A pulse position modulated UHF signal D. 2.0000 MHz to 29.999 MHz
C. A differential phase shift keyed UHF signal
D. A frequency modulated continuous wave 47. What is a selective fading effect?
A. A fading effect caused by small changes in
41. The polarization of a radio wave: beam heading at the receiving station.
A. Is perpendicular to the electrostatic field of B. A fading effect caused by phase differences
the antenna between radio wave components of the same
B. Is the same direction as the electrostatic transmission, as experienced at the receiving station.
field of the antenna. C. A fading effect caused by large changes in
C. Is the same direction as the magnetic field of the height of the ionosphere, as experienced at the
the antenna. receiving station
D. Is perpendicular to both the electrostatic and D. A fading effect caused by time differences
magnetic fields of the antenna. between the receiving and transmitting stations.

42. A coaxial cable has 7dB of reflected power when 48. If the velocity of propagation in a certain medium is
the input is 5 watts. What is the output of the 200x106 m/s, what is its refractive index?
transmission line? A. 1.3
A. 5 watts B. 1.5
B. 2.5 watts C. 1.27
C. 1.25 watts D. 0.67
D. 1 watt
49. What is the resultant field strength at the receiving
43. When is it useful to refer to an isotropic radiator? antenna in space wave propagation under case 2?
A. 0
B. ξd C. ¼ to 2/3
C. 2ξd D. ¼ to ¾
D. 3ξd

57. What is the propagation velocity of a signal in a


transmission line whose inductance and capacitance are
5μH/m and 20μF/m respectively?
50. The decimetric wave is using what method of A. 100x103 m/s
propagation? B. 100 m/s
A. Ground wave C. 10x103 m/s
B. Space wave D. 100x106 m/s
C. Sky wave
D. Tropospheric wave 58. What is the phase coefficient in radians per unit
length of a transmission line at the frequency of 10
51. What is the typical frequency used for MHz if the velocity of propagation is 2.5x108 m/s?
communicating to submerged submarines? A. 0.25
A. 100 Hz B. 2.5
B. 500 Hz C. 0.35
C. 4 kHz D. 3.5
D. 200 Hz
59. Determine the conductance of a two-wire open line
52. Which frequency bands can be refracted during the with the following parameters: D = 4 in., d = 0.1 in. and
day by the D layer? ρ = 2.6x108 Ω-m.
A. VLF A. 2.76x10-9 S/m
B. MF B. 2.76x10-6 S/m
C. LF C. 2.76x10-12 S/m
D. Both VLF and LF D. 2.76x10-3 S/m

53. What height of an ionized layer is determined from 60. What is the input impedance of a transmission line
the time interval between the transmitted signal and the if its characteristic impedance is 300 Ω and the load is
ionospheric echo at vertical incidence? 600 Ω? Assume a quarter wavelength section only.
A. Virtual height A. 150 kΩ
B. Apparent height B. 150 mΩ
C. Actual height C. 150 Ω
D. Effective height D. 2 Ω

54. During the night when the F2 layer combines with 61. Determine the standing wave ratio of a 300-Ω line
F1 layer it falls to what approximate height? whose load is 400+j150 Ω.
A. 250 km A. 3.55
B. 350 km B. 1.67
C. 300 km C. 5.53
D. 400 km D. 3.35

55. Which of the following is considered the most 62. What is the optimum volume per person of rooms
frequently used transmission line? for speech?
A. Two-wire open line A. 2.8
B. Twin lead B. 3.1
C. Rigid coaxial line C. 4.2
D. Flexible coaxial line D. 5.1

56. The antenna effective height is ____ to ____ of the 63. What happens to the beamwidth of an antenna as
actual height. the gain is increased?
A. ½ to 2/3 A. The beamwidth increases geometrically as
B. ½ to ¾ the gain is increased.
B. The beamwidth increases arithmetically as A. RF amplifier
the gain is increased. B. Mixer
C. The beamwidth is essentially unaffected by C. Local oscillator
the gain of the antenna. D. IF amplifier
D. The beamwidth decreases as the gain is
increased. 71. What noise type is observable between 8 MHz to
somewhat above 1.43 GHz or up to 1.5 GHz?
64. A superhet receiver has an IF of 455 kHz and is A. Solar noise
experiencing image-channel interference on a B. Space noise
frequency of 1570 kHz. The receiver is tuned to C. Galactic noise
A. 1115 kHz D. Cosmic noise
B. 660 kHz
C. 2025 kHz 72. Flicker noise is a poorly understood form of noise
D. 910 kHz which may be completely ignored about above ____.
A.100 Hz
65. What is the end impedance of a half-wave dipole? B. 200 Hz
A. 73 Ω C. 400 Hz
B. 72 Ω D. 500 Hz
C. 250 Ω
D. 2500 Ω 73. What is the typical gain of a rhombic antenna?
A. Between 15 to 60
66. What volume of the chamber is required to measure B. Between 20 to 90
absorption coefficient at 100 Hz? C. Between 50 to 75
A. 125 m3 D. Between 10 to 25
B. 50 m3
C. 150 m3 74. What illumination factor is normally considered in
D. 352 m3 computing parabolic antenna gain in microwave
communications?
67. What is the optimum reverberation time at 500 Hz A. 0.54
for a cinema? B. 0.65
A. 0.8 – 1.2 sec. C. 0.75
B. 0.9 – 1.3 sec. D. 0.85
C. 0.6 – 0.8 sec.
D. 0.45 – 0.55 sec. 75. How many voice band channels are there in a
superjumbo group?
68. An FM receiver whose intermediate frequency is A. 600
10.7 MHz, is experiencing image channel interference B. 900
from a station transmitting on 121.1 MHz. If the local C. 10,800
oscillator is tracking above, the receiver is tuned to D. 3,600
A. 131.8 MHz
B. 110.4 MHz 76. In acoustics, what is the reference pressure in lb/ft2
C. 142.5 MHz unit?
D. 99.7 MHz A. 2x10-5
B. 0.0002
69. A 1 Mhz carrier is amplitude modulated by a pure C. 2.089
200-Hz audio test tone. Which of the following D. 2.980
combinations of frequencies represent the total content
of the AM signal? 77. Which of the following characterizes a properly
A. 1 MHz and 200 Hz terminated transmission line?
B. 1 MHz and 1000.2 kHz A. The line loss is minimum.
C. 999.8 kHz, 1000 kHz, and 1000.2 kHz B. The standing wave ratio is minimum.
D. 999.8 kHz and 1000.2 kHz C. The input impedance is twice the load
impedance.
70. What establishes the receiver bandwidth? D. The standing wave ratio is one.
84. What device measures the angle between two radio
frequencies and also the direction of propagation of a
78. What is the meaning of forward power? wave?
A. The power traveling from the transmitter A. Densimeter
to the antenna. B. Absorption wavemeter
B. The power radiated from the top of an C. Goniometer
antenna system. D. Ergometer
C. The power produced during the positive half
of an RF cycle. 85. An automated ship-to-shore distress alerting system
D. The power used to drive a linear amplifier. using satellites and advanced terrestrial
communications systems.
79. What organization has published safety guidelines A. GPS
for the maximum limits of RF energy near the human B. Iridium system
body? C. INMARSAT
A. The American National Standards D. GMDSS
Institute (ANSI).
B. The Environmental Protection Agency 86. What antenna can be used to minimize the effect of
(EPA). Faraday rotation of polarization?
C. The Federal Communications Commission A. Dipole
(FCC). B. Parabolic
D. The Institute Of Electrical and Electronics C. Helical
Engineers (IEEE). D. Rhombic

80. When no signal is being received, the loudspeaker 87. The presence of standing waves on a transmission
is not entirely silent as a result of the presence of line is the result of
A. parasitic oscillations in some of the receiver A. a high level of attenuation on the line.
stages. B. terminating the line by a resistive load equal
B. negative feedback in each stage. in value to the surge impedance
C. spurious frequencies as a result of improper C. reducing the input power to below its critical
neutralization. level.
D. internal receiver noise. D. an impedance mismatch between the load
and the line.
81. When measuring a transmitter’s frequency against a
suitable standard, the frequency to be measured is taken 88. What device measures rf power by measuring the
from the heat the rf power generates?
A. oscillator stage A. Calorimeter
B. intermediate amplifier B. Goniometer
C. buffer stage C. Spectrum meter
D. final RF stage D. Oscilloscope

82. When the is the ionosphere most ionized? 89. What is considered the most efficient mode in terms
A. Dusk of energy transfer in waveguides?
B. Midnight A. Dominant mode
C. Dawn B. Normal mode
D. Midday C. Conventional mode
D. Vertical mode
83. Cellular radios use FM with a maximum deviation
of 90. In acoustics, _____ is the apparent change in
A. ± 30 𝑘𝐻𝑧 frequency or pitch when a sound source moves either
B. ± 75 𝑘𝐻𝑧 toward or away from a listener.
C. ± 25 𝑘𝐻𝑧 A. flanking
D. ± 𝟏𝟐 𝒌𝑯𝒛 B. reverberation
C. Doppler effect
D. echo
D. Nonagon
91. Which of the following wavelengths where
absorption of electromagnetic waves becomes peak due 98. In cellular system, the average lead time to install a
to vibrational resonances in the water vapor molecule? new base station is approximately ____ months to a
A. 1.35 cm and 1.7 mm year.
B. 1.5 mm and 5mm A. 4
C. 1.35 dm and 1.7cm B. 5
D. 1.5 cm and 5 mm C. 6
D. 10
99. What is considered the threshold of audibility at
92. Oxygen molecule absorption peaks to 3000 Hz?
electromagnetic wave are at what wavelengths? A. 10-12 W/m2
A. 1.35 mm and 1.7 μm B. 10-16 W/m2
B. 1.35 cm and 1.7 mm C. 10-12 W/cm2
C. 5 cm and 2.5 cm D. 10-15 W/cm2
D. 5 mm and 2.5 mm
100. At one atmospheric pressure, what is the
93. The approximate single-hop nighttime range of F2 approximate speed of sound in steel?
layer is ____. A. 5150 m/s
A. 3000 km B. 5150 ft/s
B. 3840 km C. 4990 m/s
C. 4130 km D. 4990 ft/s
D. 2350km

94. What ionospheric layer has a daytime approximate


critical frequency of 8 MHz?
A. F2 layer
B. F1 layer
C. E layer
D. D layer

95. In cellular system, _____ defines the geographic


distance that is required between cells using identical
frequencies in order to avoid interference between the
radio transmissions at these cells.
A. frequency-reuse ratio
B. distance-to-reuse ratio (D/R) Test Yourself – Exam 09
C. reuse format plan ratio
D. reuse factor 1. What significant element of sound refers to its
characteristic tonal quality?
96. What do you call the ability of a mobile phone to A. Pitch
change from one channel (frequency) to another? B. Tempo
A. Frequency agility C. Rhythm
B. Frequency handoff D. Timbre
C. Frequency handover
D. Frequency switch 2. What is the velocity of sound in wood?
A. 5800 m/s
97. What mathematical plane figure is ideal in cellular B. 5000 m/s
system design and engineering it graphically and C. 3300 m/s
functionally depicts overlapping radio coverage D. 3700 m/s
between and among adjacent cell base stations?
A. Hexagon 3. What is the typical loudness level of a watch ticking?
B. Octagon A. 0 phon
C. Pentagon B. 40 phons
C. 20 phons 11. A special horn antenna consisting of a parabolic
D. 60 phons cylinder joined to a pyramidal horn.
A. Hoghorn
4. The typical length of the rhombic antenna is ____. B. Cass-horn
A. 2λ to 8λ C. Pyramidal horn
B. 10λ to 20λ D. Conical horn
C. 1λ to 3λ
D. 5λ to 10λ 12. How many telegraph channels are there in the basic
voice band channels?
5. What is the carrier frequency of supergroup 10? A. 24
A. 2724 kHz B. 96
B. 2356 kHz C. 48
C. 2108 kHz D. 672
D. 3100 kHz

13. Which of the following is oldest multiplexing


6. In SPADE system, how many PCM-encoded voice scheme?
band channels are there? A. Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM)
A. 800 B. Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
B. 600 C. Code Division Multiplexing (CDM)
C. 300 D. Space Division Multiplexing (SDM)
D. 240
14. What carrier system multiplexes 96 voice band
7. The product of the radiated RF power of a transmitter channels into a single 6.312 Mbps data signal?
and the gain of the antenna system in a given direction A. T1 carrier system
relative to an isotropic radiator is called ____. B. T2 carrier system
A. Effective Radiated Power (ERP) C. T1C carrier system
B. Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) D. T3 carrier system
C. Radiated Power
D. Transmit Power 15. What is the metric subdivision of VHF band?
A. Metric
8. The product of antenna input power and the antenna B. Millimetric
power gain expressed in kW is called __. C. Decimetric
A. Effective Radiated Power (ERP) D. Centimetric
B. Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP)
C. Radiated Power 16. In satellite communications, what means of attitude
D. Transmit Power control is using the angular momentum of the spinning
body to provide the roll and yaw stabilization?
9. What satellite system parameter represents the A. Spin stabilization
quality of a satellite or an earth station receiver? B. Radial stabilization
A. Gain-to-Equivalent Noise Temperature C. Three-axis stabilization
Ratio (G/Te) D. Station keeping
B. Energy of Bit-to-Noise Density Ratio
(Eb/No) 17. Which of the following is NOT a porous absorber?
C. Carrier-to-Noise Density Ratio (C/No) A. Prefabricated tiles
D. Bit energy B. Plasters and spray on materials
C. Acoustic blankets
10. What noise is observable at frequencies in the range D. Membrane absorber
from about 8 MHz to somewhat 1.5 GHz?
A. Industrial noise 18. What historical satellite broadcasted live the 1964
B. Atmospheric noise Olympic games from Tokyo, Japan for the first time?
C. Space noise A. Syncom I
D. Shot noise B. Syncom III
C. Syncom II
D. Syncom IV B. RA 5734
C. RA 7925
19. In transmission line, which of the following is the D. RA 6849
first step in the procedure of using stub matching?
A. Calculate stub susceptance.
B. Calculate load admittance
C. Connect stub to load
D. Transform conductance to resistance
27. Who will appoint the chairman and 2 members of
20. What type of balun (balanced-to-unbalanced) is the board of Electronics Engineering?
used in high frequency applications? A. The Senate President
A. Transformer type balun B. The President
B. A specially configured coaxial C. The Supreme Court
transmission line D. The Commission on Appointment
C. A specially configured parallel-wire line
D. A λ/2 transformer balun 28. How many nominees per position of the Electronics
Engineering Board are nominated by IECEP to PRC?
21. ____ is defined as any radiation of energy by means A. 3
of electromagnetic wave. B. 5
A. Emission C. 4
B. Radiation D. 6
C. Radio
D. Broadcasting 29. According to RA 9292, how many days after the
board exam the results will be released?
22. In what year did Hertz discover radio waves? A. Within 5 days
A. 1844 B. Within 15 days
B. 1873 C. Within 20 days
C. 1887 D. Within 3 days
D. 1895
30. How many removal examination (s) will be given to
23. Which of the following phenomena is possible is an examinee who obtains a passing rating in the
free space medium? majority of the subjects but obtains a rating in the other
A. Reflection of radio wave subject (s) below seventy percent (70%) but not lower
B. Diffraction of radio wave than sixty percent (60%)?
C. Refraction of radio wave A. 1
D. Attenuation of radio wave B. 3
C. 2
24. What is the reactance property at the input of a D. Unlimited
shorted quarter wavelength line?
A. A parallel LC circuit 31. Which of the following determines the acoustic
B. A pure inductive reactance behavior of gases?
C. A series LC circuit A. Density
D. A pure capacitive reactance B. Pressure
C. Temperature
25. An early satellite owned by US Department of D. All of the choices
Defense that lasted only for 17 days
A. Courier 32. In what medium sound travels the faster?
B. Echo A. Vacuum
C. Score B. Solid
D. Westar 1 C. Liquid
D. Gas
26. Which of the following is the consolidation of H.
No. 5224 and S. No. 2683? 33. For a loudness level between 110 and 120 dB, the
A. RA 9292 maximum daily exposure limit is ____ minute (s).
A. 1
B. 60
C. 20 41. A ground station is operating to a geostationary
D. 45 satellite at a 5° angle of elevation. Calculate the round-
trip time between ground station and satellite.
34. A porous material is far more efficient at high than A. 275 s
low frequency absorption. How to improve sound B. 275 ms
absorption at lower frequencies using this absorber? C. 137.5 s
A. Increase the thickness D. 137.5 ms
B. Decrease the thickness
C. Mount with and airspace behind 42. Calculate the reverberation time of a living room 8
D. Both A and C above ft high, 13 ft wide and 20 ft long. The total absorption
of the building structure inside the room is 180.7
35. Which of the following describes a TDM frame? sabines with four persons present in the room.
A. A 250-μs frame A. 0.5 ms
B. A 125-μs frame B. 0.05 s
C. A 500-μs frame C. 0.5 s
D. A 60-μs frame D. 5 ms

36. ____ system transmits frequency-division- 43. What is the number of levels required in a PCM
multiplexed voice band signals over a coaxial cable for system with S/N ratio of 40 dB?
distances up to 4000 miles. A. 64
A. T carrier B. 128
B. X carrier C. 256
C. L carrier D. 512
D. F carrier
44. A radio communications link is to be established via
37. What is the spectrum range of U600 mastergroup? the ionosphere. The maximum virtual height of the
A. 60 – 108 kHz layer is 100 km at the midpoint of the path and the
B. 564 – 3084 kHz critical frequency is 2 MHz. The distance between
C. 312 – 552 kHz stations is 600 km. determine the optimum working
D. 60 -2788 kHz frequency?
A. 6.32 MHz
38. Which frequency reuse method is less effective B. 2.1 MHz
because of Faraday’s effect? C. 5.4 MHz
A. Dual polarization D. 1.8 MHz
B. Reducing antenna beamwidth
C. Zonal rotation 45. Part of a microwave link can be approximated by
D. Spin stabilization free space conditions. The antenna gain are each 40 dB,
the frequency is 10 GHz, and the path length is 80 km.
39. Three telephone circuits, each having an S/N ratio Calculate the receive power for a transmitted power of
of 44 dB, are connected in tandem. What is the overall 10 W?
S/N ratio? A. 0.871 μW
A. 44 dB B. 871 μW
B. 39.2 dB C. 0.871 mW
C. 41 dB D. 871 nW
D. 43.52 dB
46. What is the approximate critical frequency of the E
40. What is the noise factor if the equivalent noise layer?
temperature is 25 K? A. 4 MHz
A. 1.09 B. 5 MHz
B. 0.09 C. 6 MHz
C. 0.36 dBm D. 3 MHz
D. 0.36
54. What condition occur when the refractive index of
the air decreases with height much more rapidly the
normal?
47. What is the approximate single-hop nighttime range A. Refraction
of F2 layer? B. Superrefraction
A. 3840 km C. Subrefraction
B. 3000 km D. Diffraction
C. 4130 km
D. 2350 km 55. What do you call the increase of temperature with
height?
48. What ionospheric layer has a daytime approximate A. Temperature inversion
critical frequency of 8 MHz? B. Normal inversion
A. F2 layer C. Ducting
B. F1 layer D. Superrefraction
C. E layer
D. D layer 56. ____ is a term given to the region where
superrefraction occurs.
49. Determine the additional absorption (sabines) A. Strata
contributed by 10 persons in a room. B. Duct
A. 47 C. Isothermal region
B. 4.7 D. Tropospheric region
C. 0.47
D. 470 57. Which of the following wavelengths where
absorption of electromagnetic waves becomes peak due
50. A frequency of 3000 Hz has how many octaves to vibrational resonances in the water vapor molecule?
above 1000 Hz? A. 1.35 cm and 1.7 mm
A. 1.6 octaves B. 1.5 mm and 5 mm
B. 2.1 octaves C. 1.35 dm and 1.7 cm
C. 1 octave D. 1.5 cm and 5mm
D. 3 octaves
58. Oxygen molecule absorption peaks to
51. The loudness level increased from 40 to 56 phons. electromagnetic wave are at what wavelengths?
What is the increase in loudness sensation? A. 1.35 cm and 1.7 mm
A. 3 times B. 5 mm and 2.5 mm
B. 4.5 times C. 5 cm and 2.5 cm
C. 2 times D. 1.35 mm and 1.7 μm
D. 4 times
59. What instrument normally measures the virtual
52. In the North American TDM system, what is the height of ionosphere?
transmission rate in Mbps of T3 carrier system? A. Ionosonde
A. 44.736 B. Altimeter
B. 6.312 C. Field meter
C. 3.152 D. Radar
D. 274.176
60. The angle of elevation of the antenna beam is 20°.
53. What is the data rate in Mbps of a single satellite Calculate the transmission-path distance for an
transponder considering an S/N of 30 dB? ionospheric transmission that utilizes a layer of virtual
A. 35.8 height 200 km. Use flat-earth approximation.
B. 3.58 A. 966 km
C. 358 B. 2100 km
D. 3580 C. 1100 km
D. 405 km
61. If temperature change is 19°C, what amount of 68. For a space wave transmission, the radio horizon
change to sound velocity is possible? distance of a receiving antenna with a height of 64
A. 11.53 ft/s meters is approximately
B. 11.53 m/s A. 8 km
C. 19.304 ft/s B. 32 km
D. 19.304 m/s C. 64 km
D. 256 km
62. In the above problem, what is the new velocity of
sound assuming dry air medium? 69. What bandwidth is needed to support a capacity of
A. 343 ft/s 128 kbps when the signal power to noise power ratio in
B. 3430 m/s decibels is 100?
C. 343 m/s A. 19224 Hz
D. 342 m/s B. 3853 Hz
C. 19244 Hz
63. In acoustics, if the volume of the room is 200 m3 D. 3583 Hz
then at what frequency the coefficient of absorption is
measured? 70. Which of the following systems uses frequency
A. 120 kHz band 870-885 MHz as a transmit band of its base
B. 120 Hz station?
C. 100 Hz A. TACS
D. 150 Hz B. NTT
C. NMT
64. What is the approximate bandwidth of an FM D. AMPS
system with 10 kHz of modulating frequency and a 150
kHz of frequency deviation? 71. A transmitted signal 5 meters in wavelength is
A. 300 kHz received by an antenna coil having a 50-Ω resistance
B. 320 kHz and a 0.01 H inductance. What is the capacitance of the
C. 150 kHz tuner shunting the antenna coil at this point?
D. 200 kHz A. 0.704 fF
B. 0.704 μF
65. Which of the following layers of the ionosphere has C. 0.704 nF
no effect on sky wave propagation during daytime? D. 0.704 mF
A. D
B. E 72. Which of the following is the basic component of a
C. F1 communications satellite receiver?
D. F2 A. On-board computer
B. Reflector
66. What phenomenon causes the radio-path horizon C. Telemetry
distance to exceed the geometric horizon? D. Transponder
A. Diffraction
B. Ducting 73. The reverberation time of a 184.2 cubic meters
C. Reflection broadcast studio is 0.84 sec. Find the absorption effect
D. Refraction of the materials used in metric sabines.
A. 35.3
67. How to maximize the skip distance? B. 10.96
A. Using the smallest possible radiation angle C. 379.8
and highest possible frequency D. 109.6
B. Using the smallest possible radiation angle
and lowest possible frequency
C. Using the biggest possible radiation angle
and highest possible frequency
D. Using the biggest possible radiation angle
and lowest possible frequency 74. What is the highest frequency that can be sent
straight upward and be returned to earth?
A. MUF C. 260
B. Gyro frequency D. 255
C. Skip frequency
D. Critical frequency 82. The speed of the satellite increases as its height in
orbit gets
75. What is the most important specification of A. lower
loudspeakers and microphones? B. higher
A. Frequency response C. closer to the moon
B. Power density D. closer to the sun
C. Field Strength
D. Gain 83. What is the effective radiated power of a repeater
with 50 watts transmitter power output \, 4 dB feedline
76. Atmospheric attenuation is an attenuation which is loss, 3 dB duplexer and circulator loss, and 6 dB
due to antenna gain?
A. mist and fog A. 158 W
B. gasses in the atmosphere B. 39.7 W
C. water vapor and oxygen C. 251 W
D. rain D. 69.9 W

77. Satellite orbits around the earth are ____ orbits. 84. A cellular standard known as the cdmaOne.
A. circular A. IS-95
B. either elliptical or circular B. IS-136
C. elliptical C. IS-54
D. circular only D. IS-100

78. How does spatial isolation technique in satellite 85. What is the effective radiated power of a repeater
communications avoid interference? with 50 watts transmitter power output, 5 dB feedline
A. Use of different polarity antennas loss, 4 dB duplexer and circulator loss, and 7 dB
B. Use of different types of antennas antenna gain?
C. Employment of highly directional spot- A. 300 W
beam antennas B. 315 W
D. Use of low gain antennas C. 31.5 W
D. 69.9 W
79. An area on earth covered by a satellite radio beam is
called ____. 86. Which Ethernet system is restricted only to 100 m?
A. SSP A. 10 Base T
B. Region B. 20 Base 2
C. footprint C. 10 Base 5
D. primary area D. 10 Base 1

80. The American concert pitch A is equivalent to 87. What is the effective radiated power of a repeater
which if the following frequencies? with 75 watts transmitter power output, 4 dB feedline
A. 440 Hz loss, 3 dB duplexer and circulator loss, and 10 dB
B. 435 Hz antenna gain?
C. 260 Hz A. 600 W
D. 255 Hz B. 75 W
C. 18.75 W
D. 150 W

88. Which of the following regulates the ownership and


operation of radio and television stations in the
81. The international pitch A is equivalent to ___ Hz. country?
A. 435 A. PD 576-A
B. 440 B. PD 756
C. PD 657 A. Twisted pair
D. PD 677 B. Coaxial cable
C. Fiber-optic
89. What is the effective radiated power of a repeater D. Parallel-wire line
with 75 watts transmitter power output, 5 dB feedline
loss, 4 dB duplexer and circulator loss, and 6 dB 96. What is known as the final stage in the evolution of
antenna gain? the GSM standard?
A. 37.6 W A. WAP
B. 237 W B. GPRS
C. 150 W C. EDGE
D. 23.7 W D. Bluetooth

90. In GSM cellular system, the speech coding rate is 97. According to KBP revised radio code which airtime
____. below is classified class D for AM stations?
A. 13 kbps A. 6:00 AM to 12:00 NN
B. 8 kbps B. 12:00 NN to 6:00 PM
C. 15 kbps C. 9:00 PM to 12 Midnight
D. 20 kbps D. 12:00 Midnight to 5:00 AM

91. What is the effective radiated power of a repeater 98. Encryption of data is important to ensure its
with 100 watts transmitter power output, 5 dB feedline privacy. It is most commonly achieved by using a ____.
loss, 4 dB duplexer and circulator loss, and 10 dB A. public-key encryption
antenna gain? B. private-key encryption
A. 800 W C. password-key encryption
B. 126 W D. character set encryption
C. 12.5 W
D. 1260 W 99. The speech coding rate in D-AMPS is ____.
A. 8 kbps
92. Which NTC memorandum circular governs the B. 13 kbps
rules and regulations about the manufacture, C. 15 kbps
acquisition, sale and service of radio communication D. 20 kbps
equipment?
A. MC No. 2-05-88 100. Which of the following principal musical intervals
B. MC No. 2-04-88 is considered dissonant?
C. MC No. 2-07-88 A. 7:8
D. MC No. 2-09-88 B. 1:2
C. 5:8
93. What is the effective radiated power of a repeater D. 3:5
with 120 watts transmitter power output, 5 dB feedline
loss, 4 dB duplexer and circulator loss, and 6 dB
antenna gain?
A. 601 W
B. 240 W
C. 60 W
D. 379 W

94. What do you call a short bit sequence sent typically


128 bits in digital signatures?
A. Hash
B. Public key
C. Private key
D. Password
95. What medium is used by IBM token ring network Test Yourself – Exam 10
that operates at either 4 Mbps or 16 Mbps?
1. ________ is a standard whereby mobile phones 8. What is the effective radiated power of a
can gain access to specially tailored Internet repeater with 200 watts transmitter power
websites. output, 4 dB feline loss, 4 dB duplexer and
A. Bluetooth circulator loss, and 10 dB antenna gain?
B. GPRS A. 317 W
C. WAP B. 2000 W
D. EDGE C. 126 W
D. 260 W
2. What noise is a transient short-duration
disturbance distributed essentially uniformly 9. Which of the following is standardized as part
over the useful passband of a transmission of GSM phase 2+ that can offer theoretical data
system? speeds of upto 115 kbit/s?
A. Flicker noise A. EDGE
B. Transit-time noise B. GPRS
C. Shot noise C. WAP
D. Impulse noise D. Bluetooth

3. What is the insertion loss of connector type 10. A ______ is essentially a cell site that is
splices for a single mode optical fiber? mounted on a flatbed tractor-trailer used for
A. 0.51 dB emergency purposes.
B. 0.49 dB A. COW
C. 0.31 dB B. BULL
D. 0.38 db C. CALF
D. PONY
4. In the European standard, the aurial transmitter
maximum radiated power is ______ of peak 11. Which of the following best describes a dip-
visual transmitter power. meter?
A. 10% A. An SWR meter
B. 30% B. A counter
C. 20% C. A variable LC oscillator with metered
D. 40% feedback current
D. A field strength meter
5. What is the common up-converter and down-
converter IF for microwave communications? 12. Which is space diversity system?
A. 60 MHz A. Two or more antennas operating on two
B. 80 MHz different frequencies?
C. 120 MHz B. Two transmitters operating at same
D. 70 MHz frequencies
C. Two or more antennas operating on the
6. What is the data link protocol that is used in same frequency
asynchronous transmission for transferring files D. Two antennas from two different
from one computer to another? transmitters
A. A modem
B. X modem 13. What part or section of a TV receiver that
C. B modem separates the sound and video signals?
D. C modem A. IF stage
B. Video amplifier
7. What distortion is not caused by transmission C. Video detector
line characteristics? D. Burst separator
A. Phase distortion
B. Pulse shape distortion 14. What is the channel number of an FM station
C. Spacing bias distortion with a carrier frequency of 99.5 MHz?
D. Amplitude distortion A. 256
B. 258
C. 257 A. Speed of light
D. 259 B. Speed of target
C. Antenna directivity
15. In a triple conversion superheterodyne receiver, D. Frequency of signal
diode mixer stages are operated
A. In the linear region 23. What is the minimum number of bits required in
B. In the nonlinear region a PCM code for a range of 10,000?
C. As class A amplifiers A. 12
D. As class B amplifiers B. 9
C. 14
16. In ISDN, what is the basic access B channel D. 10
data rate?
A. 32 kbps 24. The antenna current is doubled when the
B. 64 kbps modulation index is doubled in ______ AM
C. 144 kbps system.
D. 16 kbps A. A5C
B. A3J
17. What is the channel spacing for MF-HF voice C. A3
frequencies? D. A3H
A. 2.8 kHz
B. 500 Hz 25. Which of the following is not a bounded
C. 3.5 kHz medium?
D. 3 kHz A. Coaxial line
B. Two-wire line
18. What is the quantization signal-to-noise ratio if C. Waveguide
an 8-bit PCM code is used? D. Free space
A. 40 dB
B. 50 dB 26. What is affected by the distance between the
C. 60 dB listener and the source of the sound because the
D. 65 dB intensity varies inversely with the square of the
distance?
19. What is the emission designation of a single A. Volume
sideband reduced carrier signal? B. Pitch
A. H3E C. Loudness
B. J3E D. Frequency
C. R3E
D. B8E 27. Comparing the capacities of a DVD and an
ordinary CD, DVD is ______ time bigger than
20. What is the most commonly used intermediate CD.
frequency of radar receivers? A. 10
A. 40 MHz B. 20
B. 60 MHz C. 15
C. 70 MHz D. 25
D. 30 MHz
28. Locking on to a defined target is known as
21. The input signal of a travelling wave tube is A. Homing
introduced at B. Referencing
A. Cathode C. Searching
B. Anode D. Defining
C. Cathode end of the helix
D. Collector end of the helix 29. What causes the maximum usable frequency to
vary?
22. What determines the ability of radar to A. The temperature of the ionosphere
determine the bearing to a target?
B. The speed of the winds in the upper A. Altitude
atmosphere B. Ground speed
C. The type of weather just below the C. Vertical
ionosphere D. Horizontal
D. The amount of radiation received from
the sun 37. Skip zone is otherwise known as
A. Empty zone
30. What limits the sensitivity of a receiver? B. Shadow zone
A. The power supply of the receiver C. Null zone
B. The power output of a transmitter D. Zone of silence
C. The noise floor of the receiver
D. The distance between the transmitter and 38. In the American standard, the aural transmitter
receiver maximum radiated power is _____ of peak
visual transmitter power.
31. What is the standard test tone used for audio A. 10 %
measurements? B. 30 %
A. 100 Hz C. 20 %
B. 500 Hz D. 40 %
C. 1000 Hz
D. 2000 Hz 39. What character signifies the start of the test for
Bisync?
32. What causes image interference? A. STX
A. Low gain B. SOH
B. High IF C. BCC
C. Poor front-end selectivity D. ETX
D. Low signal-to-noise ratio
40. A low frequency audible periodic variation in
33. What frequency band is referred to as the metric pitch of sound output in high fidelity sound
waves? reproduction system?
A. VHF A. Flutter
B. UHF B. Wow
C. HF C. String vibration
D. SHF D. Radio sound

34. A waveguide passive component that brings a 41. When can a corporation or association
smooth change in the direction of axis incorporated under the Philippine laws and with
maintained perpendicular to the plane of foreign investors be granted radio station
polarization? license?
A. L bend A. When 60% of the capital is owned by
B. H bend Filipino citizens
C. T bend B. When 50% of the capital is owned by
D. X bend Filipino citizens
C. When the chairman of the board is a Filipino
35. How far is the visual carrier from the lowest D. When the president of the
frequency in the spectrum of a monochrome TV corporation/association is a Filipino
broadcast channel following the NTSC
standard? 42. ______ is a term in the test language for noise
A. 1.5 MHz testing in telephone circuits that means a one-
B. 1.25 MHz syllable word consisting of a consonant, a
C. 4.5 MHz vowel, and another consonant.
D. 0.25 MHz A. Logatom
B. Nosfer
36. What aircraft deviation is measured by an ILS C. Ore
localizer? D. Belcore
43. Why are frequency modulation transmitters 50. In t-carrier system, t3 has a bit rate of
more efficient? A. 560.160 Mbps
A. Because their power is increased by class B. 44.376 Mbps
C amplifiers C. 44.736 Mbps
B. Because their power is increased by class A D. 560.106 Mbps
amplifiers
C. Because their power is increased by class B 51. In radio signal emission designation, the fifth
amplifiers symbol means
D. Because their power is increased by class A. Details of signals
AB amplifiers B. Type of information transmitted
C. Nature of multiplexing
44. A 1000W carrier is amplitude modulated to a D. Nature of signal modulating the main carrier
depth of 85%. Calculate the total power of the
modulated wave? 52. What is the channel spacing for SITOR
A. 1361.25 W frequencies?
B. 680.62 W A. 500 Hz
C. 1425 W B. 170 Hz
D. 712.5 W C. 300 Hz
D. 3 kHz
45. Which is not an ITU sector?
A. ITU-W 53. Which of the following is the new name of
B. ITU-R CCITT?
C. ITU-T A. ITU-T
D. ITU-D B. ITU-R
C. ITU-S
46. What is the process of cancelling the effect on D. ITU-D
internal device capacitance in radio
transmitters? 54. Which of the following frequencies is normally
A. Degaussing used for distress and safety communications?
B. Neutralization A. 4209.5 kHz
C. Ionization B. 490 kHz
D. Stabilization C. 518 kHz
D. 2174.5 kHz
47. Which of the following is the basic synthesizer
circuit? 55. What is the difference between available power
A. Frequency divider and power budget?
B. Frequency multiplier A. Power margin
C. PLL B. Extra power
D. Mixer C. Fade margin
D. System gain
48. Which one is not an important characteristic of
the physical layer? 56. A matched termination in which the
A. Electrical electromagnetic energy is absorbed by water.
B. Logical A. Maximum power transfer
C. Mechanical B. Load
D. All of the choices C. Load water
D. Basin
49. What is the typical separation between the two
conductors in a parallel wire line? 57. What do you call the electrical conduction in a
A. 0.001 to 0.01 m photosensitive material which is not exposed to
B. 200 to 500 mm radiation?
C. 0.635 to 15.24 cm A. Dark conductance
D. 2.5 to 5 in. B. Pure conductance
C. Black out 65. How many telephone channels are there in AT 2
D. Super conductance line?
A. 50
58. How many sidebands are present in the J3E B. 90
mode? C. 83
A. Two sidebands and a carrier D. 96
B. One upper sideband
C. One lower sideband 66. What optical source radiates light uniformly in
D. Two carriers and one sideband all directions?
A. Isotropic source
59. A component that samples the microwave signal B. Lambertian source
travelling in one direction down to the C. Voltage source
transmission line D. Ideal source
A. Isolator
B. Combiner 67. What is the spectrum of stereophonic FM
C. Directional coupler signal?
D. Attenuator A. 19 to 38 kHz
B. 30 to 53 kHz
60. What does OMB stand for? C. 59.5 to 74.5 kHz
A. Optical media board D. 88 to 108 MHz
B. Organization of medical biologist
C. Optical medium board 68. What is the required quality factor for an SSB
D. Optimum main board filter with the following data: center frequency=
1 MHz, the desired attenuation level of the
61. A test method of comparing two audio systems unwanted sideband= 80 dB and the separation
by switching inputs so that the same recording is between sidebands= 200 Hz?
heard in rapid succession over one given system A. 1,250
and then the other. B. 12,500
A. B test C. 125,000
B. A test D. 25,000
C. AB test
D. C test 69. What do you call the reflection of a part of
incident light at the interface of two media that
62. And ITU-T specification code that deals with have different refractive indices?
the telephone circuits. A. Snell’s reflection
A. X series B. Fresnel reflection
B. T series C. Lambertian reflection
C. V series D. Huygen’s reflection
D. I series
70. Which conference in the ITU-structure does the
63. What digital carrier transmits a digital signal at telecommunication standardization bureau
274.176 Mbps? report?
A. T1 A. World telecommunication
B. T3 standardization conference
C. T2 B. ITU-development sector
D. T4 C. Radio regulation board
D. The secretary general
64. What signal-to-noise ratio is required for
satisfactory television reception? 71. What region around a broadcasting transmitter
A. 10 dB in which satisfactory reception of broadcasting
B. 30 dB signal is not obtained?
C. 40 dB A. Fringe area
D. 20 dB B. Primary are
C. Secondary area
D. Tertiary area
79. What mixer type has the lowest spurious
72. What do you call the random noise seen on signals?
radar display screen? A. Double-balanced
A. Impulse noise B. Single-balanced
B. Atmospheric noise C. Super-heterodyner
C. Grass D. Heterodyner
D. Johnson noise
80. What are the electromagnetic radiations of
73. Which of the following antennas receives wavelengths less than 300 angstroms?
signals equally well from all directions in a A. X-rays
horizontal plane? B. Ultraviolet rays
A. Hetz antenna C. Infrared
B. Vertical Marconi antenna D. Microwaves
C. Yagi antenna
D. Helical antenna 81. What is known as the alignment of the three
color guns to a common point?
74. Where is the brightness control located in a TV? A. Confetti
A. The audio section B. Divergence
B. The video section C. Convergence
C. The grid-cathode circuit D. Synchronization
D. The front panel
82. What is the department order that governs
75. What is the term used in telephony and commercial radio operator?
telegraphy for irregular disturbing radiation due A. Department Order No. 5
to various causes and in a particular produced B. Department Order No. 23
by arc transmitters causing a rushing sound in C. Department Order No. 88
receiving telephones? D. Department Order No. 44
A. Fax tone
B. Mush 83. The computer which initiates information
C. Hiss transfer
D. Crosstalk A. Master
B. Station
76. What device in a waveguide system used for C. Slave
stopping or diverting electromagnetic wave as D. Mainframe
desired?
A. Mechanical switch 84. Which of the following antennas require good
B. Electric switch grounding?
C. Push-button switch A. Yagi antenna
D. Waveguide switch B. Hertz antenna
C. Marconi antenna
77. What is the maximum power that can be D. Isotropic antenna
obtained from a microwave tube at 10 GHz?
A. 500 W 85. Which circuit detects frequency modulated
B. 10 W signal?
C. 50 W A. Modulator
D. 20 W B. Discriminator
C. Demodulator
78. What do you call a cable consisting of twisted D. Modem
pairs of conductors, each separately insulated?
A. Microstrip line 86. What synchronization is provided so that the
B. Strip line start and end of message is identified?
C. Quad A. Carrier
D. Coaxial cable B. Character
C. Bit 94. What is the approximate intensity of the
D. Clock magnetic field at the earth’s surface?
A. 32,000 nT
87. A form of regenerative repeater for transmitting B. 62,000 nT
signals over a long cable received through a C. 32,000 µT
relay in a clearer form. D. 62,000 µT
A. Active generator
B. Active repeater 95. What is the intensity of the magnetic field at the
C. Interpolator earth’s north pole?
D. Audio generator A. 32,000 nT
B. 62,000 nT
88. What is the minimum propagation delay of a C. 32,000 µT
geostationary satellite? D. 62,000 µT
A. 278 ms
B. 239 ms 96. What do you call a satellite weighing less than 1
C. 300 ms kg?
D. 600 ms A. Nanosat
B. Picosat
89. In measuring crosstalk using dBx unit the C. Femtosat
reference power is D. Microsat
A. 1 mW
B. 1 W 97. The first creature in space was carried by which
C. 1 pW of the following spacecrafts in November 3,
D. 6 mW 1957?
A. Sputnik 1
90. A spot on the sun’s visible surface where the B. Sputnik 3
magnetic flux lines converge? C. Sputnik 2
A. Sunspot D. Explorer 1
B. Filament
C. Solar spot 98. The wireless evolution is achieved through the
D. Prominence GSM family of wireless technology platforms
which include but except one of the following.
91. ______ is a slow moving large mass of plasma Which one is NOT a member of the GSM
on the sun’s surface. family?
A. Filament A. GSM
B. Solar flare B. EDGE
C. Prominence C. GPRS
D. Proton flare D. CDMA

92. ______ is slow moving “cord-like” mass of 99. Which of the following is an enhancement of
plasma across the sun’s surface. GSM including the GPRS?
A. Filament A. 1G
B. Solar flare B. 2.5G
C. Prominence C. 2G
D. Solar spot D. 3G

93. At what particular wavelength is solar flux 100. A low power, short range wireless technology
measured? designed to provide a replacement for serial
A. 10.7 mm band cables is called ______.
B. 10.7 m band A. WAP
C. 10.7 cm band B. GPRS
D. 10.7 nm band C. Bluetooth
D. EDGE
D. destination
5. _________ is the random and unpredictable
electric signals from natural causes, both
internal and external to the system.
A. Interference
B. Attenuation
C. Distortion
D. Noise
6. Noise from random acoustic or electric noise
that has equal energy per cycle over a specified
total frequency band.
A. Gaussian noise
B. Whiter noise
C. Thermal noise
D. All of the above
7. Which causes a quantization noise in PCM
system?
A. Serial transmission errors
B. The approximation of the quantized
signal
C. The synchronization between encoder and
decoder
D. Binary coding techniques
8. A particular circuit that rids FM of noise
A. Detector
B. Discriminator
C. Phase Shifter
D. Limiter
Noise Chapter 4 (3001 Questions in 9. What is the reference noise temperature in
Communications Engineering-EXCEL REVIEW degrees Celsius?
CENTER) A. 17
1. What is the non-continuous noise of irregular B. 273
pulses or spikes of duration with high C. 25
amplitudes? D. 30
A. Wander 10. Unwanted radio signal on assigned frequency.
B. Jitter A. Splatter
C. Hits B. RFI
D. Singing C. Noise
2. What theorem sets a limit on the maximum D. EMI
capacity of a channel with a given noise level? 11. What is the reliable measurement for comparing
A. Nyquist theorem amplifier noise characteristics?
B. Hartley law A. Thermal agitation noise
C. Shannon-Hartley theorem B. Noise factor
D. Shannon theorem C. Noise margin
3. Quantizing noise occurs in D. Signal-to-noise
A. PCM
B. PLM 12. _________ is measured on a circuit when it is
C. PDM correctly terminated but does not have any
D. PAM traffic.
4. Noise always affects the signal in a A. White noise
communications systems at the ________. B. Galactic noise
A. transmitter C. Impulse noise
B. channel D. Atmospheric noise
C. information source 13. Which standard recommends crosstalk limits?
A. CCIT G.152 D. Impulse noise
B. CCIT G.150 23. At 17˚ C, the noise voltage generated by 5kΩ
C. CCIT G.151 resistor, operating over a bandwidth of 20KHz
D. CCIT G.161 is
14. Which standard is utilized in intermodulation A. 1.3 nV
noise rates on PCM audio channels? B. 1.3 µV
A. CCIT Rec. G.151 C. 1.3 pV
B. CCIT Rec. G.172 D. 1.3 mV
C. CCIT Rec. G.190 24. ________ is an electric noise produced by
D. CCIT Rec. G.190 thermal agitation of electrons in conductor and
15. What is the reference frequency of CCIT semiconductor.
phosphomeric noise measurement? A. External noise
A. 800 Hz B. Internal noise
B. 1000 Hz C. Thermal noise
C. 1500 Hz D. Flicker
D. 3400 Hz 25. Three identical circuits having 10 dB signal
16. Reference temperature use in noise analysis noise-to-noise ratio each are connected in
A. 75 K tandem with each other, what is the overall S/N?
B. 250 K A. 5.23 dB
C. 290 K B. 14.77dB
D. 300 K C. 30 dB
17. Which noise is produced by lighting discharges D. 40 dB
in thunderstorms? 26. The noise figure of the first circuit in tandem
A. White noise connection is 10.5 dB while its power gain is
B. Extraterrestrial noise 15, what is the over all noise figure if the second
C. Industrial noise circuit has a noise figure of 11 dB?
D. Atmospheric noise A. 11.59 dB
18. Man-made noise is usually from _______. B. 11.23 dB
A. transmission over power lines and by C. 10.79 dB
ground wave D. 10.5 dB
B. sky-wave 27. Is the interference coming from other
C. space-wave communications channels?
D. troposphere A. Jitter
19. nif stands for B. Crosstalk
A. Non-intrinsic figure C. RFI
B. Noise improvement factor D. EMI
C. Narrow intermediate frequency 28. What is the reference noise level?
D. Noise interference figure A. 10 pW
20. Industrial noise frequency is between _____. B. 0 dBm
A. 0 to 10 KHz C. 1mW
B. 160 MHz to 200 MHz D. -90 dBm
C. 15 to 160 MHz 29. What is the unit of noise power of psophometer?
D. 200 to 3000 MHz A. pWp
21. External noise fields are measured in terms of B. dBa
_______. C. dBm
A. rms values D. dBrn
B. dc values 30. A large emission of hydrogen from the sun that
C. average values affects communications.
D. peak values A. Solar flare
22. Form of interference caused by rain or dust B. Cosmic disturbance
storms. C. Ballistic disturbance
A. Precipitation static D. Solar noise
B. Shot-noise 31. Atmospheric noise is known as _______noise.
C. Galactic noise A. static
B. cosmic D. Install filter capacitors in series with all dc
C. solar wiring
D. lunar 40. Where is the noise generated that primarily
32. Standard design reference for environmental determines the signal-to-noise ratio in a VHF
noise temperature. (150MHz) marine-band receiver?
A. 300 K A. Man-made noise
B. 290 K B. In the atmosphere
C. 32 ˚F C. In the receiver front end
D. 212˚F D. In the ionosphere
33. Absolute temperature in Kelvin. 41. The difference between signal strength at a
A. ˚C +273 given point and a reference level is________.
B. ˚C+75 A. power
C. ˚C+19 B. dBm
D. ˚C +290 C. level
34. If bandwidth is doubled, the signal power is D. ratio
_________. 42. Interfering effect of noise, C message weighted,
A. not changed is _________.
B. quadrupled A. dBa
C. tripled B. dBm
D. doubled C. dBmc
35. Name one or more sources of noise bearing on D. dB
electronic communications. 43. F1A weighting refers to ___________.
A. Steam boiler A. -90 dBm
B. Galaxies B. dBrnc0
C. Internal combustion engine C. dBrnc
D. Both B and C D. F1A handset
36. The transmitter technique adopted to reduce the 44. Reading a 58 dBrnC on your Western Electric
noise effect of the preceding question is called 3A test set at a +7 test point is equal to ______
A. noise masking dBrnc0.
B. anitnoise A. 58
C. noise killing B. 51
D. preemphasis C. 65
37. Deemphasis in the receiver in effect attenuates D. 27
modulating signal components and noise in 45. Reading a 58 dBrn, at a +7 test point is equal to
what frequency range? ________ dBa0.
A. dc A. 26
B. low B. 65
C. intermediate C. 51
D. high D. 46
38. Atmospheric noise or static is not a great 46. A reading of -50 dBm on the disturbing pair,
problem and -80 on the disturbed pair equals _____ dB
A. at frequencies below 20 MHz of crosstalk coupling.
B. at frequencies below 5 MHz A. 20
C. at frequencies above 30 MHz B. 30
D. at frequencies above 1 MHz C. 60
39. What is the proper procedure for suppressing D. 25
electrical noise in a mobile station? 47. Power is __________.
A. Apply shielding and filtering where A. actual amount of power reference to 1mW
necessary B. logarithmic ratio of two powers
B. Insulate a all plain sheet metal surfaces from C. definite amount of energy per time period
each other D. current flow per time period
C. Apply anti-static spray liberally to all 48. 15 dBa F1A weighted, equals ___________.
nonmetallic A. -90 dBm
B. -82 dBm
C. -85 dBm A. positive
D. -70 dBm B. negative
49. You are measuring noise in a voice channel C. imaginary
with a Lenkurt 601A, F1A weighting network D. fractional
and a flat meter. Your meter reads -47dBm. 57. What is the reference level for noise
What is this reading in dBa? measurement, F1A weighted?
A. 77 dBa A. -90 dBm
B. 35 dBa B. -82 dBm
C. 38 dBa C. -67 dBm
D. 32 dBa D. -85 dBm
50. You are measuring noise at a +3 dB level point, 58. What is the reference tone level for dBrn?
using the Lenkurt 601A, F1A weighting A. -90 dBm
network, and a flat meter. The meter reading is - B. -82 dBm
57dBm. This is ________dBa0. C. -67 dBm
A. 20 D. -85 dBm
B. 15 59. What is the reference tone level for dBa?
C. 25 A. -90 dBm
D. 17 B. -82 dBm
51. You are measuring noise at a -6 dB level point, C. -67 dBm
using the Lenkurt 601A, F1A weighting D. -85 dBm
network, and a flat meter. The meter reading is - 60. Atmospheric noise becomes less severe at
59 dBm. This is _________ dBa0. frequencies
A. 24 A. above 30 MHz
B. 12 B. below 30 MHz
C. 23 C. above 3000 kHz
D. 32 D. below 3000kHz
52. A measurement of -75 dBm, C-message 61. Indicate the noise whose sources are in category
weighted, would be _________ dBrnc. different from that of the other three?
A. 8 A. Solar noise
B. 7 B. Cosmic noise
C. 9 C. Atmospheric noise
D. 15 D. Galactic noise
53. Your Western Electric 3A test set meter reading 62. Indicate the false statement.
is -23 dBm at at test point level of -8 dB. This is A. Industrial noise is usually of the impulse
______ dBrnc0. type
A. 75 B. Static is caused by lightning discharges in
B. 29 thunderstorms and other natural electric
C. 30 disturbances occurring in the atmosphere
D. 31 C. Distant stars are another source of man-
54. At what power level does a 1 KHz tone cause made noise
zero interference (144 weighted)? D. Flourescent lights are another source of
A. 90 dB man-made noise
B. 90 dBm 63. Which of the following is not a source of
C. -90 dBm industrial noise?
D. -90 dBm A. Automobile ignition
55. Reference noise is ___________. B. Sun
A. a 1000 Hz, -90 dBm tone C. Electric Motors
B. a noise that creates the same interfering D. Leakage from high voltage line
effect as a 1000Hz, -90dBm tone 64. Indicate the false statement
C. a noise that creates zero dBrn in a voice A. The noise generated in a resistance or the
channel resistive component of any impedance is
D. B and C above random.
56. A practical dBrn measurement will almost B. Random noise power is proportional to the
always in a _______ number. bandwidth over which is measured
C. A random voltage across the resistor having a gain of 15 followed by a mixer whose
does not exist gain is 20. The amplifier has a 300 Ω input
D. All formula referring to random noise are resistor and a shot noise equivalent resistance of
applicable only to the value of such noise. 500Ω; for the mixer, these values are 2.2kΩ and
65. The value of the resistor creating thermal noise 13.5kΩ respectively, and the load resistance of
is doubled. The noise power generated is the mixer is 470 kΩ. Calculate the equivalent
therefore. noise resistance for this television receiver.
A. halved A. 8760 Ω
B. quadrupled B. 875Ω
C. doubled C. 8.76Ω
D. unchanged D. 0.876Ω
66. Indicate the false statement. 71. One of the following is not a useful quantity for
A. HF mixer are generally noisier than HF comparing the noise performance receivers.
amplifiers. A. Input noise voltage
B. Impulse noise voltage is dependent on B. Equivalent noise resistance
bandwidth C. Noise temperature
C. Thermal noise is independent of the D. Noise figure.
frequency at which is measured. 72. Indicate the false statement. Noise figure is
D. Industrial noise is usually of the impulse defined as
type. A. the ratio of the S/N power supplied at the
67. An amplifier operating over the frequency range input terminal of a receiver or amplifier to
of 455 to 460 kHz has a 200 kΩ input resistor. the S/N power supplied to the output or load
What is the RMS noise voltage at the input to resistor
this amplifier if the ambient temperature is 17˚C B. noise factor expressed in decibels
? C. an unwanted form of energy tending to
A. 40 µV interfere with the proper and easy
B. 4.0 µV reception and reproduction of wanted
C. 400 µV signals
D. 4.0 mV D. S/N of an ideal system divided by S/N at the
68. The first stage of a two-stage amplifier has a output of the receiver or amplifier under test,
voltage gain of 10, a 600 Ω input resistor, a both working at the same temperature over
1600Ω equivalent noise resistance and 27kΩ the same bandwidth and fed from the same
output resistor. For the second stage, these source
values are 25, 81kΩ, 19kΩ, and 1MΩ, 73. Calculated the noise figure of the amplifier
respectively. Calculate the equivalent input- whose Req equals 2518Ω (RT=600Ω) if its
noise resistance of this two stage amplifier. driven by a generator whose output impedance
A. 2,518 kΩ is 50Ω.
B. 2,518 Ω A. 39.4
C. 251.8 Ω B. 3.94
D. 12,518 Ω C. 394
69. The noise output of a resistor is amplified by a D. 0.394
noiseless amplifier having a gain of 60 and a 74. Calculate the noise figure of the receiver whose
bandwidth of 20 kHz. A meter connected at the RF amplifier has an input resistance of 1000Ω
output of the amplifier reads 1mV RMS. If the and an equivalent shot-noise resistance of
bandwidth of the amplifier is reduced to 5kHz, 2000Ω, a gain of 25 and load resistance of 125
its gain remaining constant, what does the meter kΩ. Given that the bandwidth is 1.0MHz and
read now? the temperature is 20˚C, and that the receiver is
A. 0.5 mV connected to an antenna with an impedance of
B. 0.5 µV 75Ω.
C. 5.0 mV A. 30.3
D. 5.0 µV B. 3.03
70. The front-end of a television receiver, having a C. 303
bandwidth of 7Mhz, and operating at a D. .303
temperature of 27˚C , consists of an amplifier
75. A receiver connected to an antenna whose D. 5.4µV
resistance is 50 Ω has an equivalent noise 84. Which of the following types of noise becomes
resistance of 30Ω. Calculate its equivalent noise of great importance at frequencies?
temperature if the noise figure is equal to 1.6. A. Shot noise
A. 17.4 K B. Random noise
B. 174K C. Impulse noise
C. 1.74K D. Transit-time noise
D. 17K 85. The solar cycle repeats the period of great
76. Most internal noise comes from electrical disturbance approximately every
A. Shot noise A. 11 years
B. Transit-time noise B. 10 years
C. Thermal agitation C. 9 years
D. Skin effect D. 8 years
77. Which of the following is not a source of 86. The square of the thermal noise voltage
external noise? generated by a resistor is proportional to
A. Thermal agitation A. its resistance
B. Auto ignition B. its temperature
C. The sun C. the bandwidth over which it is measured
D. Fluorescent lights D. All of the above
78. Noise can be reduced by 87. Noise occurring in the presence of signal
A. widening the bandwidth resulting from a mismatch between the exact
B. narrowing the bandwidth value of an analog signal and the closet
C. increasing temperature available quantizing step in a digital coder.
D. increasing transistor current levels A. Quantizing noise
79. Noise at the input to the receiver can be as high B. Thermal noise
as several C. Impulse noise
A. microvolts D. Crosstalk
B. milivolts 88. Noise consisting of irregular pulses of short
C. volts duration and relatively high amplitude,
D. kilo volts A. Quantizing noise
80. Which circuit contributes most of the noise in a B. Tone interference
receiver? C. Impulse noise
A. IF amplifier D. Cross talk
B. Demodulator 89. Noise that occurs via capacitive or inductive
C. AF amplifier coupling in a cable.
D. Mixer A. Crosstalk
81. Which noise figure represents the lowest noise B. Quantizing noise
in receiver? C. Reference noise
A. 1.6 dB D. Tone interference
B. 2.1 dB 90. Sources of impulse noise induced in
C. 2.7 dB communication channels.
D. 3.4 dB A. Erroneous digital coding bit caused by an
82. The transistor with the lowest noise figure in the error on a transmission facility
microwave region is a B. Transients due to relay operation
A. MOSFET C. Crosstalk from dc signaling systems
B. Dual-gate MOSFET D. All of these
C. JFET 91. Crosstalk due to incomplete suppression of
D. MESFET sidebands or to intermodulation of two or more
83. What is the noise voltage across a 300Ω input frequency-multiplexed channels which is
resistance to a TV set with a 6MHz bandwidth unintelligible is classified as
and temperature of 30˚C? A. Impulse noise
A. 2.3 µV B. Thermal noise
B. 3.8µV C. Quantizing noise
C. 5.5µV D. Miscellaneous noise
92. ___________ is device that measures the
internal open circuit voltage of an equivalent
noise generator having an impedance of 600Ω
and delivering noise power to a 600 Ω load. Satellite Communications Chapter 10(3001
A. Psophometer Questions in Communications Engineering-EXCEL
B. Barometer REVIEW CENTER
C. Reflectometer 1. Which of the following is the first active
D. Voltmeter satellite?
93. External noise originating outside the solar A. Echo I
system B. Telstar I
A. Cosmic noise C. Early Bird
B. Solar noise D. Sputnik I
C. Thermal noise 2. Which of the following is the first commercial
D. Lunar noise satellite?
94. A noise whose source is within the solar system. A. Early Bird
A. Solar noise B. Telstar
B. Thermal noise C. Explorer
C. Cosmic noise D. Courier
D. Johnson Noise 3. What is the first passive satellite transponder?
95. The total noise power present in a 1-Hz A. Sun
bandwidth . B. Early Bird
A. Noise density C. Score
B. Noise figure D. Moon
C. Noise limit 4. The first satellite to receive and transmit
D. Noise intensity simultaneously
96. Which of the following is not a way of A. Intelsat I
minimizing if not eliminating noise? B. Agila I
A. Use redundancy C. Syncorn I
B. Increase transmitted power D. Telstar I
C. Reduce signaling rate 5. A helical antenna is used for satellite tracking
D. Increase channel bandwidth because of
97. What is the primary cause of atmospheric noise? A. circular polarization
A. Thunderstorm B. maneuverability
B. Lightning C. beamwidth
C. Thunderstorm and lightning D. gain
D. Weather condition 6. Repeaters inside communications satellites are
98. What do you call the noise coming from the sun known as
and stars? A. Trancievers
A. Black-body noise B. Transponders
B. Space noise C. Transducers
C. Galactic noise D. TWT
D. All of these 7. Considered as the unsolved problem in satellite
99. The major cause of atmospheric or static noise system
are A. Coverage
A. Thunderstorms B. Cost
B. Airplanes C. Access
C. Meteor showers D. Privacy
D. All of these 8. ___________ is a satellite that rotates around
100. Which of the following low noise transistors is the earth in a low-altitude elliptical or circular
commonly used at microwave frequencies? pattern.
A. MOSFET A. Geosynchronous satellite
B. GASFET B. Nonsynchronous satellite
C. MESFET C. Prograde satellite
D. JFET D. Retrograde satellite
9. Is the geographical representation of a satellite 18. What height must a satellite be placed above the
antenna radiation pattern surface of the earth in order for its rotation to be
A. Footprint equal to earth’s rotation?
B. Spot A. 26,426.4 miles
C. Earth B. 27,426.4 miles
D. Region C. 23,426.4 miles
10. The smallest beam of a satellite antenna D. 22,426.4 miles
radiation pattern 19. Point on the satellite obits closest to the earth.
A. Zone beam A. Apogee
B. Hemispheric beam B. Perigee
C. Spot beam C. Prograde
D. Global beam D. Zenith
11. A satellite beam that covers almost 42.4% of the 20. The earth area covered by a satellite radio beam.
earths surface. A. Beamwidth
A. Zone beam B. Bandwidth
B. Hemispheric beam C. Footprint
C. Spot beam D. Zone
D. Global beam 21. What is the local oscillator (mixer) frequency of
12. What is the frequency range of C-band? the satellite with an uplink frequency in GHz
A. 8.5 to 12.5 GHz band?
B. 3.4 to 6.425 GHz A. 3500 MHz
C. 12.95 to 14.95 GHz B. 4500 MHz
D. 27.5 to 31 GHz C. 2225 MHz
13. A satellite signal transmitted from a satellite D. 2555 MHz
transponder to earth’s station. 22. What kind of battery panels are used in some
A. Uplink advance satellites
B. Downlink A. Germanium based panels
C. Terrestrial B. Silicon based panel
D. Earthbound C. Galium Phosphate solar panel array
14. Collects very weak signals from a broadcast D. Galium Arsenide solar panel array
satellite 23. Satellite engine uses
A. Helical antenna A. jet propulsion
B. Satellite dish B. ion propulsion system
C. LNA C. liquid fuel
D. TWT D. solar jet
15. What is a device that detects both vertically and 24. A satellite batter has more power but lighter.
horizontally polarized signals simultaneously? A. Lithium
A. Orthomode transducer B. Leclanche
B. Crystal detector C. Hydrogen
C. Optoisolator D. Magnesium
D. Isomode detector 25. What kind of battery used by older satellites?
16. _________ detects the satellite signal relayed A. Lithium
from the feed and converts it to an electric B. Leclanche
current, amplifies and lower its frequency. C. Hydrogen
A. Horn antenna D. Magnesium
B. LNA 26. VSAT was made available in
C. Satellite receiver A. 1979
D. Satellite dish B. 1981
17. Is a loss of power of a satellite downlink signal C. 1983
due to earth’s atmosphere. D. 1977
A. Atmospheric loss 27. What band does VSAT first operate?
B. Path loss A. L-band
C. Radiation loss B. X-band
D. RFI C. C-band
D. Ku-band A. Earth-to-satellite link
28. The first Philippine Mabuhay satellite has how B. Satellite-to-earth link
many channels? C. Satellite-to-satellite link
A. 30 D. None of these
B. 24 38. Earth station uses what type of antenna
C. 48 A. Despun antenna
D. 50 B. Helical antenna
29. The first Philippine Agila I will have how many C. Toroidal antenna
transpoders. D. Cassegrain antenna
A. 36 39. What is the delay time for satellite transmission
B. 48 from earth transmitter to earth receiver?
C. 24 A. 0.5 s
D. 12 B. 1.0 s
30. How may satellite orbital slots are requested by C. 5 ms
the Philippine Government from ITU? D. 0.25 ms
A. 2 40. The bandwidth of C-band satellite frequency
B. 4 band in U.S.
C. 6 A. 500 GHz
D. 8 B. 1000 GHz
31. The location of AsiaSat I. C. 1000 MHz
A. 105.5˚East D. 500 MHz
B. 151.5˚East 41. The most common device used as an LNA is
C. 115.5˚East A. zener diode
D. 170.5˚East B. tunnel diode
32. AsiaSat I covers how many countries in Asia? C. IMPATT
A. 38 D. Shockley diode
B. 10 42. The radiation patterns of earth coverage
C. 28 antennas have a beamwidth of approxiamately
D. 15 A. 21˚
33. The owner of AsiaSat 2 is B. 5˚
A. Asia Satellite Telecommunications C. 17˚
Company (ASTC) D. 35˚
B. Japan Satellite System (JSAT) 43. A mobile satellite array has usually how many
C. China Great Wall Industry Corporation elements?
D. Singapore Satellite Commision A. 6
34. What is the approximate path loss from satellite- B. 88
to-earth station? C. 12
A. 100 dB D. 14
B. 150 dB 44. In a typical mobile satellite array antenna if
C. 175 dB three elements are activated, how many
D. 200 dB elements are deactivated?
35. INTELSAT stands for A. 3
A. Intel Satellite B. 11
B. International Telephone Satellite C. 5
C. International Telecommunications D. 9
Satellite 45. What circuit is responsible in activating and
D. International Satellite deactivating adjacent antenna elements in a
36. The frequency of Ku band for satellite mobile satellite array?
communications. A. Radial divider
A. 6/4 GHz B. Divider/combiner
B. 14/11 GHz C. Radial combiner
C. 12/14 GHz D. Radial multiplexer
D. 4/8 GHz 46. Most mobile satellite array uses ___________ in
37. A satellite cross-link means transforming 50 to 150 Ω impedance.
A. stub 55. What is the height of a satellite in a synchronous
B. balun equatorial orbit?
C. quarter-wavelength transformer A. 42000 mi
D. microstrip tapers. B. 6800 mi
47. The switching from one element to the other C. 22,300 mi
element in a typical mobile satellite array. D. 35,860 mi
A. Series 56. Most satellites operate in which frequency
B. Radial band?
C. Matrix A. 30 to 300 MHz
D. Shunt B. 300 MHz to 3 GHz
48. A method of multiple accessing where a given C. 3 GHz to 30 GHz
RF channel bandwidth is divided inot smaller D. Above 300 GHz
frequency band. 57. The main power sources for a satellite are
A. CDMA A. batteries
B. ANIK-D B. solar cells
C. TDMA C. fuel cells
D. FDMA D. thermoelectric generators
49. What is the delay time for satellite transmissions 58. The maximum height of an elliptical orbit is
from earth transmitter to earth receiver? called the
A. 0.5 s A. Perigee
B. 1s B. Apex
C. 5 ms C. Zenith
D. 0.25 s D. Apogee
50. As the height of a satellite orbit gets lower, the 59. Batteries are used to power all satellite
speed of the satellite _________. subsystems
A. increases A. at all times
B. decreases B. only during emergencies
C. remains the same C. during eclipse periods
D. None of the above D. to give the solar arrays a rest
51. The main function of a communications satellite 60. The satellite subsystem that monitors and
is a/ an controls the satellite is the
A. repeater A. propulsion subsystem
B. reflector B. power subsystem
C. beacon C. communications subsystem
D. observation platform D. telemetry, tracking, and command
52. The key electronic component in a subsystem
communications satellite is the 61. What is the basic technique used to stabilize a
A. telemetry equipment satellite?
B. on-board computer A. Gravity-forward motion balance
C. command and control system B. Spin
D. transponder C. Thruster control
53. A circular orbit around the equator with a 24-h D. Solar panel orientation
period is called a/an 62. The jet thrusters are usually fired to
A. elliptical orbit A. maintain altitude
B. geostationary orbit B. put the satellite into the transfer orbit
C. polar orbit C. inject the satellite in the geosynchronous
D. transfer orbit orbit
54. A satellite stay in orbit because the following D. bring the satellite back to earth.
two factors are balanced 63. Most commercial satellite activity occurs in
A. Satellite weight and speed which band(s)?
B. Gravitational force and centrifugal force A. L
C. Centripetal force and speed B. C and Ku
D. Satellite weight and the pull of the moon and C. X
sun D. S and P
64. How can multiple earth stations share a satellite 73. What type of modulation is used on voice and
on the same frequencies? video signals?
A. Frequency reuse A. AM
B. Multiplexing B. FM
C. Mixing C. SSB
D. Frequency hopping D. QPSK
65. What is the typical bandwidth of a satellite 74. What modulation is normally used with digital
band? data?
A. 36 MHz A. AM
B. 40 MHz B. FM
C. 70 MHz C. SSB
D. 500 MHz D. QPSK
66. Which of the following is not usually a part of a 75. Which of the following is not a typical output
transponder are defined by the from a GPS receiver?
A. LNA A. Latitude
B. Mixer B. Speed
C. Modulator C. Altitude
D. HPA D. Longitude
67. The satellite communications channels in a 76. The total space loss of transmission and
transponder are defined by the reception for two ground stations with uplink
A. LNA frequency 8GHz and a downlink of 6 GHz with
B. bandpass filter angle of elevations of 3˚ and 7˚ A respectively is
C. mixer A. 403 dB
D. input signals B. 100 dB
68. The HPAs in most satellite are C. 20 dB
A. TWTs D. 215 dB
B. Klystrons 77. The maximum propagation delay of a
C. Vacuum tubes geostationary satellite is
D. Magnetrons A. 278 ms
69. The physical location of a satellite is determined B. 239 ms
by its C. 300 ms
A. distance from the earth D. 250 ms
B. latitude and longitude 78. The total propagation delay time from
C. reference to the stars transmission to reception of signals from a
D. position relative to the sun ground transmitter to ground receiver with angle
70. The receive GCE system in an earth station of elevation at 10 degrees respectively is
performs what function(s)? A. 273 ms
A. Modulation and multiplexing B. 239 ms
B. Up conversion C. 275 ms
C. Demodulation and demultiplexing D. 260 ms
D. Down conversion 79. A satellite which simply reflects the signal
71. Which of the following types of HPA is not without further amplification
used in earth stations? A. Passive satellite
A. TWT B. Active satellite
B. Transistor C. Geostationary satellite
C. Klystron D. Domestic satellite
D. Magnetron 80. Essentially a satellite ___________ is a radio
72. What is the common up-converter and down- repeater in the sky
converter IF? A. transponder
A. 36 MHz B. comparator
B. 40 MHz C. duplexer
C. 70 MHz D. billboard
D. 500 MHz 81. Satellite the orbits in a circular pattern with an
angular velocity equal to that of the earth
A. Geostationary 90. When the satellite are spaced 4˚ of the 360˚
B. Early Bird I complete circle, how many parking spaces or
C. Syncorn I orbit slots are available?
D. Stationary satellite A. 90
82. Satellite that provide services within a single B. 85
country C. 95
A. Domsat D. 80
B. Comsat 91. The control routine necessary to keep the
C. Regional satellite in position is referred to as
D. Global A. station keeping
83. The round-trip propagation delay between two B. station tracking
earth stations through a geosynchronous satellite C. station monitoring
is D. station maintaining
A. 500 to 600 ms 92. Refers to the satellite orientation with respect to
B. 300 to 400 ms the earth
C. 600 to 700 ms A. Satellite altitude
D. 400 to 500 ms B. Satellite position
84. The signal path from earth station satellite C. Satellite location
A. Uplink signal D. Satellite orbit
B. Reflected signal 93. The first intelsat satellite that was launched in
C. Incident signal 1965 was named
D. Downlink signal A. Early Bird I
85. Designed to receive a signal from a transmitting B. Echo
station on the ground and retransmit it to a C. Telstar I
receiving station located elsewhere D. Courier
A. Communication satellite 94. The first satellite launched for a
B. Repeater geosynchronous orbit but unfortunately lost
C. Relay station during orbit injection
D. Transponder A. Syncom I
86. The signal path from satellite to earth-based B. Telstar I
receiver. C. Sputnik I
A. Downlink signal D. Early Bird I
B. Uplink signal 95. When the elevation angle of a geostationary
C. Incident signal satellite is 23˚ and the transmitting frequency is
D. Reflected signal 3840 MHz, what is the free space loss in dB?
87. A satellite position is measured by its A. 196 dB
__________ angle with respect to the horizon. B. 200 dB
A. elevation C. 150 dB
B. depression D. 100 dB
C. azimuth 96. What is the propagation delay when a signal is
D. critical transmitter by an earth station to a
88. The ________ angle measures the satellite geosynchronous satellite about 38,500 km above
position clockwise from the direction of true earth’s equator and then received by the same
north. earth station?
A. azimuth A. 256 msec
B. elevation B. 128 msec
C. depression C. 300 msec
D. critical D. 400 msec
89. incidentally propose the geostationary scheme 97. What is the free space attenuation of a satellite
or orbit of the satellite in 1940s communications system operating at 36,000 km
A. Arthur Clarke above the earth at 5.0 GHz?
B. Carl Friedrich Gauss A. 198 dB
C. Samuel Morse B. 202 dB
D. Stephen Gray C. 142 dB
D. 138 dB
98. Which of the following is the most common
application of satellite?
A. Surveillance
B. Military application
C. Communications
D. Newscasting
99. Descending pass for a satellite means a pass
from
A. North to South
B. South to North
C. East to West
D. West to East
100. Geostationary stationary satellites are located
___________ with respect to the equator.
A. 0˚longitude
B. 0˚ latitude
C. 90˚latitude
D. 45 latitude˚