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Regents Chemistry Name ______________________

Unit 6 Bonding Practice Test Period _____________

Directions (1-25): Select the best answer, those given, for each questions or statement given in the
section. You may need to use your reference tables to answer some questions.

___1. Given the balanced equation ___7. Hydrogen bonding is a type of


representing a reaction:
H2(g) + Cl2(g) → 2HCl(g) + energy (A) strong covalent bond
(B) weak ionic bond
A) Energy is absorbed as bonds are formed, only. (C) strong intermolecular force
B) Energy is released as bonds are broken, only. (D) weak intermolecular force
C) Energy is absorbed as bonds are broken, and
energy is released as bonds are formed. ___8. Which bond is least polar?
D) Energy is absorbed as bonds are formed, and
energy is released as bonds are broken. A) As–Cl B) Bi–Cl
C) P–Cl D) N–Cl
___2. As energy is released during the
formation of a bond, the stability of the ___9. Why is a molecule of CO2 nonpolar
chemical system generally will even though the bonds between the carbon
A) decreases atom and the oxygen atoms are polar?
B) increases
C) remains the same (A) The shape of the CO2 molecule is
symmetrical.
___3. Which kind of energy is stored in a (B) The shape of the CO2 molecule is
chemical bond? asymmetrical.
(C) The CO2 molecule has a deficiency of
A) potential energy B) kinetic energy electrons.
C) activation energy D) ionization energy (D) The CO2 molecule has an excess of
electrons.
___4. A chemical bond results when two
nuclei have a simultaneous attraction for ___10. Which compound contains a bond with
the least ionic character?
A) nucleons B) protons
C) neutrons D) electrons A) CO B) CaO C) K2O D) Li2O

___5. Which symbol represents an atom in the


___11. As the difference in electronegativity
ground state with the most stable valence between two atoms decreases, the tendency for
electron configuration? the formation of covalent bonds
A) decreases
A) B B) O C) Li D) Ne B) increases
C) remains the same
___6. Which element has an atom with the
greatest tendency to attract electrons in a ___12. Which formula represents an ionic
chemical bond? compound?
A) carbon B) chlorine A) H2 B) CH4 C) CH3OH D) NHCl
C) silicon D) sulfur
___13. Given the reaction: ___19. What occurs when a coordinate covalent
bond is formed between nitrogen and hydrogen in
M + 2 H2O → M(OH)2 + H2 the ammonium ion, NH4+?

The metal represented by M is most likely a A) Hydrogen provides a pair of electrons to be


metal from Group shared with nitrogen.
B) Nitrogen provides a pair of electrons to be
A) 1 B) 2 C) 11 D) 13 shared with hydrogen.
C) Hydrogen transfers a pair of electrons to
nitrogen.
___14. When ionic bonds are formed, metallic D) Nitrogen transfers a pair of electrons to
atoms tend to hydrogen.

A) lose electrons and become negative ions ___20. A solid substance is an excellent conductor
B) lose electrons and become positive ions of electricity. The chemical bonds in this
C) gain electrons and become negative ions substance are most likely
D) gain electrons and become positive ions
A) ionic, because the valence electrons are shared
___15. Which electron-dot diagram best between atoms
represents a compound that contains both ionic B) ionic, because the valence electrons are mobile
and covalent bonds? C) metallic, because the valence electrons are
stationary
D) metallic, because the valence electrons are
mobile

___21. Which type of bond is found between


atoms of solid cobalt?

A) nonpolar covalent
B) polar covalent
___16. Which type of substance can conduct C) metallic
electricity in the liquid phase but not in the solid D) ionic
phase?
A) ionic compound
B) molecular compound ___22. Which statement correctly describes
C) metallic element diamond and graphite, which are different forms
D) nonmetallic element of solid carbon?

___17. What is the total number of electrons A) They differ in their molecular structure, only.
B) They differ in their properties, only.
shared in a double covalent bond?
C) They differ in their molecular structure and
properties.
A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 D) They do not differ in their molecular structure
or properties.
___18. Which formula represents a molecular
compound?

A) HI B) KI C) KCl D) LiCl
___23. Which molecule contains a nonpolar ___25. Which electron-dot diagram represents a
covalent bond? molecule that has a polar covalent bond?

___24. Which type of bond exists between an


atom of carbon and an atom of fluorine?
A) ionic
B) metallic
C) polar covalent
D) nonpolar covalent

Directions (26-28): Complete each of the questions in this section of the test.

Base your answer to the following question on the table below.

26. Explain, in terms of electronegativity difference, why the bond in H–Cl is more polar than the
bond in H–I. [1]

27. Compare the strength of the intermolecular forces in a sample of I2 at STP to the
strength of the intermolecular forces in a sample of F2 at STP. [1]

go to next page→
28. a) Draw the structural formula for H2O. [1]
b) Is this molecule polar or nonpolar? Explain your answer.[2]

****Did you find the practice helpful? Should a practice test be a part of each unit?*****