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UNIVERSITY OF TABUK FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Thermodynamics -2 : ME 323

Homework # X

Thermodynamics with fundamentals

by

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Submitted to

Dr. Hossam S.S. AbdelMeguid

Fall 2018

Determine the entropy change of 4 kg of a perfect gas whose temperature varies from 127°C to 227°C during a constant volume process. The specific heat varies linearly with absolute temperature and is represented by the relation :

c v = (0.48 + 0.0096 T) kJ/kg K.

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The specific heats of a gas vary linearly with absolute temperature according to the following relations :

c p = (0.85 + 0.00025 T ) kg/kg K, and c v = (0.56 + 0.00025 T ) kJ/kg K If the entropy of the gas at 1 bar pressure and 273 K is zero, find the entropy of the gas at 25 bar and 750 K temperature.

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1 kg of oxygen at 1 bar and 450 K is mixed with 1 kg of hydrogen at the same temperature and pressure by removing the diaphragm as shown in the Fig. Determine the loss in availability if the surrounding temperature is 290 K. Assume that the system is fully isolated.

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Calculate the decrease in available energy (exergy) when 20 kg of water at 90°C mixes with 30 kg of water at 30°C, the pressure being taken as constant and the temperature of the surroundings being 10°C. Take c p of water as 4.18 kJ/kg K.

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One kg-mol of oxygen undergoes a reversible non-flow isothermal compression and the volume decreases from 0.2 m 3 /kg to 0.08 m 3 /kg and the initial temperature is 60°C. If the gas obeys Van der Waals’ equation find :

(i) The work done during the process

(ii) The final pressure.

The(ii)Van der Waals’ equation is written as

where p = pressure of the gas ; a, b = constants ; v = molar volume ; R 0 = universal gas constant For O 2 :

a = 139250 Jm 3 /(kg-mol) 2

b = 0.0314 m 3 /kg-mol

R 0 = 8314 J/kg-mol K

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