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1.0 Introduction
During the past decade, Information Technology also known as IT has been of great interest to
almost everyone. It has given rise to new and efficient means of manufacturing products in
industries, innovative and fast ways of communication between people and provided various
benefits to every individual such that it is very useful to understand how it works. This chapter
will give an overview of what IT is all about as well as describe some common examples where
IT is applied in our everyday life.

1.1 What is Information Technology all about?


In the Information Age that we live in, it is well known that good information helps an individual
in making the right decision at the right time. For instance, getting accurate information about
weather forecast helps airport operators to carefully plan the schedules for take-off and landing
of airplanes. In fact processing information to take actions or decisions is part of our everyday
life. You can yourself imagine the number of times per day this happens to you. Interestingly,
human nature seeks to make his life easier by finding new means of actually automating this task
of information processing; Information Technology does just that. Ranging from simple
calculators to complex mobile phones, IT has proved to facilitate the life of each and everyone
by automatically processing information and performing predefined tasks. However it is essential
to note that the success of IT lies mainly through the use of a common device that has been
introduced in almost every household today; that is the computer with the support of
communication facilities

Figure 1-1 Computers and connectivity making IT

1.0 Introduction
During the past decade, Information Technology also known as IT has been of great interest to
almost everyone. It has given rise to new and efficient means of manufacturing products in
industries, innovative and fast ways of communication between people and provided various
benefits to every individual such that it is very useful to understand how it works. This chapter
will give an overview of what IT is all about as well as describe some common examples where
IT is applied in our everyday life.

1.1 What is Information Technology all about?


In the Information Age that we live in, it is well known that good information helps an individual
in making the right decision at the right time. For instance, getting accurate information about
weather forecast helps airport operators to carefully plan the schedules for take-off and landing
of airplanes. In fact processing information to take actions or decisions is part of our everyday
life. You can yourself imagine the number of times per day this happens to you. Interestingly,
human nature seeks to make his life easier by finding new means of actually automating this task
of information processing; Information Technology does just that. Ranging from simple
calculators to complex mobile phones, IT has proved to facilitate the life of each and everyone
by automatically processing information and performing predefined tasks. However it is essential
to note that the success of IT lies mainly through the use of a common device that has been
introduced in almost every household today; that is the computer with the support of
communication facilities
Figure 1-1 Computers and connectivity making IT