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Sviluppi di Midas Gen

dal 2010 al 2012 e


2013 release in uscita
a febbraio
Questo documento stato realizzato per riassumere lo sviluppo
di MIDAS/Gen nellultimo triennio.
Molte di queste migliorie e implementazioni sono state
proposte e volute da CSPFea, sulla base della propria
esperienza ed anche su richieste dei nostri clienti, riuscendo ad
ottenere un software di alto livello con molteplici funzionalit.
Riteniamo che questo documento possa essere utile non solo ai
clienti che non sono aggiornati con le ultime versioni e che
quindi potrebbero non utilizzare completamente le recenti
novit, ma anche a coloro che, pur avendo lultima versione di
MIDAS/Gen, non siano a conoscenza di alcune importanti
funzioni del programma.

Sviluppi di Midas Gen


dal 2010 al 2013

a cura di: MIDAS IT,


CSPFea - ing. Mirco Sanguin

Gennaio 2013
CSPFea s.c.
via Zuccherificio 5/d
35042 Este (PD)
www.cspfea.net
info@cspfea.net
Tel. 0429602404
Fax. 0429610021
Enhancements

Pre/Post Processing
Beam section check with two different rebar sizes
Column section check with two different rebar sizes
Check Slenderness (lamda<200) for steel design
EC3 steel check and Steel Optimal Design for
Inverted T- section
EC3 steel check Star battened
Soil Pressure in Contour
Data Transfer between Gen and Revit Structure 2013
Accidental eccentricity in RSA even if diaphragms are
not rigid
NTC 2012 Implementation
Static Wind Loads as per IBC 2012 (ASCE 7-10)
Static Seismic Loads as per IBC 2012 (ASCE 7-10)
Response Spectrum as per IBC 2012 (ASCE 7-10)
Static wind Loads as per IBC 2009 (ASCE 7-05)
Static Seismic Loads as per IBC 2009 (ASCE 7-05)
Response Spectrum as per IBC 2009 (ASCE 7-05)
Multi-Tree Menu
Perform Response Spectrum & Time-history Analysis
in the Same Model file
Display Selection option in the Legend
Static Seismic Load as per New Taiwanese Code
General Spring Support with 6x6 Coupled Matrix for
Damping and Mass
Improvement in Material Coordinate System for
Structural Masonry Analysis
Auto Generation of Wind Load for Chimneys, Tanks,
and Similar Structure
Russian Section and Material Database
Improvements in Dynamic Report Generator
Improvements in Story Shear Force Ratio Table
Revit Structure 2012 Interface
Tekla Structure v.17 Interface
Local Direction Force Sum for Unstructured Mesh
Addition of Header and Footer in Dynamic Report
Midas Link for Revit Structure 2011
Plate Member Data in the Model Data Text Output

Easy access to the Time History Result Tables

Warning Message for the Changes in the Story Data


Dynamic Report Generation

Revit Structure 2010 Interface

Pressure Type of Beam Loads

Improved Eccentricity Option in the Element Beam


Load and Line Beam Load

Improved India Standard Section DB

Changes in the Default Values of Stiffness Scale


Factor in the Composite Section for Construction
Stage

Addition of Dimension Import


Automeshing
Definition of Domain/Sub-domain for slab and wall
design
Addition of Create Converted Line Elements function
Assigning wind and seismic loads on a structure with
meshed slabs
Enhanced Beam Wizard
Addition of composite sections
Addition of the inverted T-shape beam
Improvements in IS808 section DB
Addition of Chinese section DB (GB-YB05)
Converting Inertial Forces from RS analysis to Nodal
Loads
Addition of Cutting Diagram Display for Plane Strain
elements
Display Stiffness of Rigid Type Elastic Link in the
Analysis Output File
Shading for Solid and Planar Elements in Wireframe
View
Display element color by element type, material type,
or section type
Enhanced Display of Supports and Point Spring
Supports
Addition of an export to Excel option in result tables
Save an image in jpg format
Export frame model to solid/plate model
Addition of Sort Groups by Name feature
Renumbering the existing element numbers in reverse
order
Addition of the Preference for online help
Addition of auto-generation of wind loads according
to the latest Korean Building Code (KBC2008)
Addition of static and dynamic seismic loads
according to the latest Korean Building Code (KBC2008)
Enhancements

Analysis

Improvement in Pushover Analysis Speed


Improvement in Definition of Pushover Hinge Position
Auto Termination Option for Axial Component in
Pushover Analysis
Improvement in Limit Inter-Story Deformation Angle
Option in Pushover Analysis

Pushover analysis enhancement


1) Lateral load pattern as per N2 method
2) Target displacements as per NTC 2008
3) Safety Verification as per NTC 2008
4) Enhanced Safety verification Table
Damping Ratios by Material Properties
Considering Consistent Mass in Time History Analysis
Improvement in Group Damping
Considering Static Load Case for the Initial Loading in
Time History Analysis
Considering the Construction Stage Load for Initial
Loading in Pushover Analysis
Option for cumulating reactions and displacements
due to initial loads in Pushover Analysis
Considering Boundary Change Assignment Function
in Pushover Analysis
Option for Considering the Shear Failure in Pushover
Analysis
Improvement in Pushover Hinge Properties with SRC
Sections
Addition of Ramberg-Osgood and Hardin-Drnevich
Models in Inelastic Hinge Property
Analysis Stop Option in the Pushover Analysis

Improved Pushover Analysis Results


Mander Model in the Inelastic Material Properties

Improved MINEGOTTO-PINTO Steel Model

Applying Plate and Solid Elements to Structural


Masonry Material

Addition of Time Dependent Material as per


Eurocode2:04

Addition of Time Dependent Material as per IRC:18-


2000

Addition of the Time Dependent Material (Compressive


Strength) as per CEB-FIP(1978)

Addition of distributed springs

Addition of Pile Spring Supports

Addition of Multi-Linear Type Elastic Link

Nonlinear Point Spring Supports for Construction Stage


Analysis

Accidental Eccentricity consideration for Response


Spectrum Analysis in Basement Floors

Considering Mass Participation Factor for Rotational


direction

Transfer reactions of slave nodes to the master node

Improvements in Buckling Analysis Control dialog box

Improvements on the Eigenvalue analysis considering


the maximum number of frequencies

Enhanced pushover hinge properties of FEMA type

Buckling load consideration in the Pushover Yield


Surface

Improvements in Inelastic Hinge Properties of SRC


Beam member
Enhancements

New module
General Section Designer

GSD upgrade:
P-M Interaction curve as per ACI 318,
AASHTO-LRFD, CSA-S6
Rebar ID Display
Coordinates of intersection points between
neutral axis and the boundary of section
Copy and Paste between Excel and Load
Combination Table
Placing rebars outside the perimeter
Enhancements

Design
ACI Design Code (ACI 318 - 11)
ACI Design Code (ACI 318 08)
New Taiwanese RC Design (TWN-USD 100)
New Taiwanese SRC Design (TWN-SRC 100)
Improvement in Buckling Resistance Check as per EN 1993-1-
1:2005
Enhancement in Strong Column-Weak Beam Design as per
TWN-USD92

Slab Deflection Check considering Cracked Section

Limiting Rebar Ratio

Limiting Minimum Section Size

Improved Concrete Code Design as per the Latest Italy NA of


Eurocode2:04

Improved Capacity Design for Walls

Serviceability Checking as per TWN-LSD96 and TWN-ASD96

Addition of Capacity Design as per NTC2008 and Eurocode8-


1:2004

Addition of Slab/Wall Design as per Eurocode2-1-1:2004

Improvements in Rebar Input Dialog box

Update rebar by members

Addition of new rebar DB UNI standard

Improvements in calculating effective length in the steel


structure according to the Chinese specification

Addition of torsional design of RC beam as per TWN-USD92

Addition of steel code checking as per IS:800-2007

Auto-generation of load combination as per KBC 2009

Addition of SRC Code Checking as per JGJ318-01


Sviluppi del 2013,
prossima release di febbraio
Beam section check with two different rebar sizes
Column section check with two different rebar sizes
Check Slenderness (lamda<200) for steel design

- When the slenderness check results is satisfied:

- When the slenderness check results is not satisfied:


EC3 steel check and Steel Optimal Design for Inverted T- section

y
Soil Pressure in Contour

EARTH PRESSUR
contour EARTH
PRESSUR

KN/cm
q

p = * (Kz or Kx or Ky)
e.g.: Kz for plate in xy plane
Data Transfer between Gen and Revit Structure 2013
GSD upgrade: P-M Interaction curve as per ACI 318, AASHTO-LRFD, CSA-S6
GSD upgrade: Rebar ID Display
GSD upgrade: Coordinates of intersection points between neutral axis and
the boundary of section
GSD upgrade: Copy and Paste between Excel and Load Combination Table
GSD upgrade: Placing rebars outside the perimeter
NTC 2012 Implementation

Concrete material and rebar DB, NTC12 (RC)


NTC 2012 Implementation

Story regularity check, NTC 2012


NTC 2012 Implementation

Static seismic load, NTC 2012: Period calculation method is added


NTC 2012 Implementation

Check the limit of the ratio x/d for beam


NTC 2012 Implementation

Check the limit of the ratio x/d for slab


NTC 2012 Implementation

Serviceability stress check for quasi permanent combination


NTC 2012 Implementation

New shear check summary in Graphic Report

Beam

Column

Wall
NTC 2012 Implementation

New shear check summary in Checking Result table

Beam

Column

Wall
NTC 2012 Implementation

Option for ignoring shear strength of concrete


NTC 2012 Implementation

The calculation of Asl to calculate shear strength of concrete column. Now the half of tot
al rebar area is taken for Asl.
NTC 2012 Implementation

Limit slenderness
NTC 2012 Implementation

Stirrup spacing
NTC 2012 Implementation

New default value of CDA and CDB


NTC 2012 Implementation

Capacity design : Check Beam-Column Joint on CDB


NTC 2012 Implementation

Minimun rebar ratio mat foundation

Minimum limit for mat changed from 0.13% to 0.2%.


NTC 2012 Implementation

Beam column joint design for non-seismic design


NTC 2012 Implementation

CDB calculation method for shear force design equal to CD"A"


Sviluppi del 2012
Static Wind Loads as per IBC 2012 (ASCE7-10)

Wind Design Specifications and Commentary of Buildings 2012


Changes in IBC 2012
(1) Importance Factor.
The need to define Importance Factor In
alternate method has been eliminated

The need to define Importance Factor has been


Eliminated in Directional Procedure (Earlier Analytical Method )

Load > Lateral Loads > Static Wind Loads

Static Wind Loads Static Wind Loads


(Alternate Method) ( Directional Procedure )
Static Seismic Loads as per IBC 2012 (ASCE7-10)

Seismic Design Specifications and Commentary of Buildings 2012


Changes in IBC 2012
(1) Risk Category : As defined in Table 1.5-1 of ASCE7-10 .

Load > Lateral Loads > Static Seismic Loads

Period Calculator

Static Seismic Loads


Response Spectrum as per IBC 2012 (ASCE7-10)

Seismic Design Specifications and Commentary of Buildings 2012


Changes in IBC 2012
No significant changes has been made as compared to the IBC 2009.

Load > Response Spectrum Analysis Data > Response Spectrum Function

Response Spectrum Design Function


Static Wind Loads as per IBC 2009 (ASCE7-05)
Alternate Method
Wind Design Specifications and Commentary of Buildings 2009 (Alternate Method )
Changes in IBC 2009
(1) Mean Roof Height . (3) Net Pressure Coefficient (Cnet)
The user can specify mean roof height. Net pressure coefficient to be used in
Wind Loads for Open Buildings. The Net
(2) Topographic . Pressure Coefficient can be referred from
Topographic effects can be considered figure 6-19 (ASCE7-05)
which includes Hill Shape , Building
Location, Hill Height , Hill Length & Crest (4) Wind Eccentricity
Building Distance. Wind Eccentricity can now be considered.

Load > Lateral Loads > Static Wind Loads

Topographic Effects

Static Wind Loads


Analytical Method
Wind Design Specifications and Commentary of Buildings 2009 (Analytical Method)
Changes in IBC 2009
(1) Directional Factors (2) Wind Eccentricity
Directional Factors as specified in ASCE7-05 Wind Eccentricity can now be considered.
table 6-4 can be considered. .

Load > Lateral Loads > Static Wind Loads

Topographic Effects

Static Wind Loads


Static Seismic Loads as per IBC 2009 (ASCE7-05)
(1) Ss: Mapped MCE, 5 percent damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at a
period of 1 second as defined in section 11.4.1 of ASCE7-05
(2) Fa: Short Period Site Coefficient (at .2 s-period) , as defined in section 11.4.3
(3) Sds: Design , 5 percent damped , spectral response acceleration parameter
at a period of 1s as defined in section 11.4.4
(4) S1: Mapped MCE , 5 percent damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at
a period of 1second as defined in section 11.4.1 of ASCE7-05
(5) Fu: Long Period Site Coefficient (at 1 s-period) , as defined in section 11.4.3
(6) Sd1: Design , 5 percent damped , spectral response acceleration parameter
at a period of 1s as defined in section 11.4.4
(7) Occupancy Category: As specified in table 1-1
(8) Period Coefficient: Cu & Tl as defined in section 11.4.5
(9) Approximate Period: Calculated automatically by the program as defined in 12.8-2

Load > Lateral Loads > Static Seismic Loads

Period Calculator

Static Seismic Loads


Response Spectrum Design Function as per IBC 2009 (ASCE7-05)

Seismic Design Specifications and Commentary of Buildings 2009


Changes in IBC 2009
(1) Parameters : Ss, S1,Fa ,Fv, Sds,Sd1. have been added .
(2) Response Modification Coefficient (R ) : Can be defined.
(3) TL : Long Tran. Period : Can be defined .

Load > Response Spectrum Analysis Data > Response Spectrum Function

Response Spectrum Design Function


Multi-Tree Menu

To enhance the GUI features Multi-Tree Menu has been introduced so that the user can
work on Works Tree and Group Tree simultaneously. It is especially useful for wide screen
users.

Tools> Customize> Tree Menu 2

Multi-Tree Menu

8. Perform Response Spectrum & Time-history Analysis in the Same Model file

In the previous versions, it was not allowed to run response spectrum and time-history
analysis simultaneously. Now, it is not necessary to use separate model files to perform both
analyses.
Display Selection option in the Legend
It is useful when graphic results are included in the report.

Results> Forces > Plate Forces/Moments


Results> Stresses > Plate Stresses, Solid Stresses

Automatic Generation of Load Combination


Reinforced Concrete Design as per ACI 318-08 and ACI 318-11
Member type for seismic design
(1) For Seismic Design: Apply seismic design for the selected members.

(2) For Non-Seismic Design: Do not apply seismic design for the selected members.

(3) For Non-Seismic-Force Resisting System : Apply the clause 21.13 Members not
designated as part of the seismic-force-resisting system.
Note : Available only when Special Moment Frames is selected.

Design> General Design Parameter > Seismic Design Type

Seismic Design Type


RC Beam/Column: Special Moment Frames
(1) R factor : R is the factor to consider Vc=0 for the Special Moment Frame.
Refer Beam : 21.5.4.2, Column : 21.6.5.2 4

(2) Ve1 : Design Shear Force is calculated based on Mpr for the Special Moment Frame.
Refer Beam : 21.5.4.1, Column : 21.6.5.1

(3) Member Types to be excluded in Seismic Design >Select member types for which seismic
design is not applied. You can also select individual members using General Design
Parameter>Seismic Design Type.

Design> Concrete Design Parameter > Design Code :Select (Special Moment Frames)

Concrete Code Design


(Special Moment Frames )
RC Beam/Column: Intermediate Moment Frames
Design features and commentary as per ACI 318-08/11 for Intermediate Moment Frame
(1) Ve1 & Ve2 : Design shear forces for the Intermediate Moment Frame
Refer : 21.3.3.1, Column : 21.3.3.2

Design> Concrete Code Design> Design Code : Intermediate Moment Frame

Concrete Code Design


(Intermediate Moment Frames)
RC Beam/Column : Ordinary Moment Frames
Design features and commentary as per ACI 318-08/11 for Ordinary Moment Frame
(1) For the Ordinary Moment Frames, any input is not required for Special RC
Structural Wall (Clause 21.9)

Design> Concrete Code Design> Design Code : Ordinary Moment Frame

Concrete Code Design


(Ordinary Moment Frames)
RC Wall
Design features and commentary as per ACI 318-08/11
(1) Shear Wall Type : 21.9 Special structural walls
Boundary Element Methods are provided as per 21.9.6.2 and 21.9.6.3

21.9.6.2 21.9.6.3

Boundary c lw/600(u/hw)
element u = e*Cd/Ie fc 0.2fc
condition (Design displacement)
Boundary
element MAX[lw, Mu/(4Vu)] fc 0.15fc
vertical length

Design> Concrete Design Parameter> Design Code : Check On Special RC Structural Wall

Concrete Code Design


(Special RC Structural Wall)
RC Wall
Design features and commentary as per ACI 318-08/11
(1) When Special RC Structural Wall is checked on, Boundary Element reinforcement input is
activated

Design> Concrete Design Parameter> Design Criteria for Rebars / Design Criteria for
Rebars by Member

Design Criteria for Rebars by Member

Design Criteria for Rebars


RC Wall
Design features and commentary as per ACI 318-08/11
(1) Boundary Element design method and reference wall can be determined by Wall ID.
Displacement Based Method: 21.9.6.2.
Stress Based Method: 21.9.6.3.

Design> Concrete Design parameter>Boundary Element Method by Wall ID

Boundary Element Method


RC Wall
Design features and commentary as per ACI 318-08/11
(1) Wall Design Result Dialogue Box : When Special RC Structural Wall is checked on, B.E. is
included.
YES: Boundary Element is necessary.
- : Boundary Element is not necessary

Design> Concrete Code Design >Wall Design

Wall Design
RC Wall
(1) Wall Design Result Dialogue Box : When Special RC Structural Wall is checked on,
B.E.-Rebar, B.E.-L is included.

B.E.-Rebar B.E.-L
When Boundary
Element is
Required horizontal reinforcement size and spacing
Description necessary, the
in the Boundary Element
required length of
Boundary Element.
A-B-Dxx @yyy
A : Number of rebars in the direction of wall
Boundary Element is thickness
C (Length Unit)
necessary. B : Number of rebars in the direction of wall length
Dxx : Transverse rebar size
yyy : Transverse rebar spacing
Boundary Element is
Not Use -
not necessary.

Design> Concrete Code Design >Wall Design

Wall Design
RC Wall
Design features and commentary as per ACI 318-08/11
(1) Wall Design Report
Design> Concrete Code Design >Wall Design report

Graphic Report

Detail Report

Summary Report
RC Wall
Design features and commentary as per ACI 318-08/11
(1) Display Option : Display Options relating to Boundary Elements results have been
added

View > Display Option

Display Option
Load Combinations as per ACI 318-08 and ACI 318-11
Design features and commentary as per ACI 318-11
1) Wind Load factor : Select the Wind Load Factor as per service and strength level.
2) Seismic Load Factor : Select the Seismic load factor as per service and strength level .
When we select Service level the Wind Loads & Seismic loads are multiplied by a
factor of 1.6 & 1.4 respectively whereas when we select Strength-Level the Wind Loads &
Seismic Loads are multiplied by a factor of 1.

Results> Combinations >Concrete Design > Design Code: ACI 318-08 & ACI 318-11

Automatic Generation of Load Combination


General Spring Support with 6x6 Coupled Matrix for Damping and Mass
General Spring Support with 6x6 coupled matrix for damping and mass to represent the
dynamic properties of Pile-Soil System has been added.
Related analysis functions are as follows:
Eigenvalue analysis
Response spectrum analysis
Linear time history analysis
Nonlinear time history analysis
Applicable analysis type for damping matrix are as follows:
Response spectrum analysis with Strain Energy Damping
Linear and nonlinear time history analysis (Analysis Method: Modal) with Strain
Energy Damping
Linear and nonlinear time history analysis (Analysis Method: Modal) with Strain
Energy Damping, Mass & Stiffness Proportional, Element Mass & Stiffness
Proportional

Model > Boundaries > Define General Spring Type


Model > Boundaries > General Spring Supports

General Spring Support


Improvement in Material Coordinate System for Structural Masonry Analysis
When modeling a masonry structure in the previous version, the vertical direction of a
structure must be set to the global-Y axis or local-y axis of elements, which caused
inconvenience in some cases such as rotation of models, auto-generation of story data and
lateral loads. Now, the vertical axis can be set to the global-Z axis regardless of the direction of
local axes of elements. Also, the masonry wall is not necessarily located on the global X-Z
plane. It can be rotated about the global-Z axis with any angle from the global-X axis, which
enables us to model 3-dimensional masonry structures.

Model > Properties > Plastic Material > Masonry


Global-Z

Angle
Masonry Plastic Material

3D Masonry Structure
Auto Generation of Wind Load for Chimneys, Tanks, and Similar Structure
Auto calculation of wind load for structural design of chimney, tank, and similar
structures
This option is provided for IBC(2000).

Load > Lateral Loads > Wind Loads > IBC(2000)


> Load Evaluation Using Force Coefficient > Auto. Calculator

Static Wind Load


Russian Section and Material Database
New material and section database have been added for GOST and STO_ASChM.
For the material properties, concrete and steel material properties are provided.
For the section properties, Angle, Channel, I-Section, T-Section, Box, and Pipe sections are
provided

Model > Properties > Material


Model > Properties > Section

Section Data

Material Data
Improvements in Story Shear Force Ratio Table

In the Story Shear Force Ratio table, results are displayed for Beam and Truss elements
separately. In the previous version, the results for beam and truss elements were
merged into Frame type.
It is useful when designing a building with dual frame system.

Results > Result Tables > Story > Story Shear Force Ratio

Story Shear Force Ratio Table


Improvements in Dynamic Report Generator
In the previous Dynamic Report Generator, some tables such as Vibration Mode Shape
table and Story Mass table were partially displayed in the Word format report. The updated
Dynamic Report Generator supports the display of all tables without limitation.

Tools > Dynamic Report Generator

Vibration Mode Shape Table

Story Mass Table


Sviluppi del 2011
Revit Structure 2012 Interface
Using Midas Link for Revit Structure, direct data transfer between midas Gen and Revit
Structure 2012 is available for Building Information Modeling (BIM) workflow. Midas Link
for Revit Structure enables us to directly transfer a Revit model data to midas Gen, and
delivery back to the Revit model file. It is provided as an Add-In module in Revit Structure
and midas Gen text file (*.mgt) is used for the roundtrip.

Midas Link for Revit Structure supports the following workflows:

(1) Send the Revit Structure analytical model to midas Gen.

(2) Import the MGT file of the Revit model in midas Gen.

(3) Export the midas model file to the MGT file.

(4) Update the Revit Structure model from midas Gen

For more information, see Getting Started file in your installation folder.
Tekla Structure v17 Interface
Midas Link for Tekla Structure v17 is now available to transfer a Tekla model data to Midas
Gen, and delivery back to Tekla model files. It is provided as an Analysis & Design modules
in Tekla Structure and Midas Gen text file(*.mgt) is used for the roundtrip. For more
information, see the related documents in your installation folder.
e.g.) C:\Program Files\MIDAS\MIDAS Gen\Midas Link for Tekla Structure
Local Direction Force Sum for Unstructured Mesh
In the previous version, the Local Direction Force Sum function was able to be applied to
structured mesh. Now the program can provide resultant forces and moments for the
unstructured mesh as well. The Plate Edge Line Select and Plate Edge Polygon Select
method are supported in this version. The Solid Face Polygon Select method will be
supported in the next version.

Results > Local Direction Force Sum

Local Direction Force Sum for the unstructured mesh


Improvement in Pushover Analysis Speed
Pushover analysis speed has been significantly improved by enhancing the analysis
algorithm and output process.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Perform Pushover Analysis

Pushover analysis model


1,550 beam elements

Analysis results

[Gen 2011 v1.1] Pushover curve [Gen 2011 v2.1] Pushover curve

Analysis time

Total Analysis Time (sec) : 1,550 elements


Program
20 steps 50 steps 100 steps 200 steps
Civil 2011 (v1.1) 14.72 95.35 446.02 1443.00

Civil 2011 (v2.1) 9.30 20.28 36.76 71.93


Ratio 63.17% 20.97% 8.24% 4.98%
Improvement in Definition of Pushover Hinge Position
Axial, shear and torsion hinges (Fx, Fy, Fz, and Mx) can now be assigned to i-end and j-end
of a member separately. In the previous version, they were assigned to the center of the
member.
It is applicable to RC, Steel and SRC members. For the masonry material, axial, shear, and
torsion hinges are assigned to the center of the member.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Define Pushover Hinge Properties

[Gen 2011 v1.1] [Gen 2011 v2.1]


Auto Termination Option for Axial Component in Pushover Analysis
When the axial hinge of column, wall or truss element reaches buckling in the pushover
analysis, the program can automatically stop running with a warning message and save the
results up to the terminated step.
Analysis results can be checked up to the terminated step.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Global Control


Improvement in Limit Inter-Story Deformation Angle Option in Pushover Analysis
In the previous version, if the Limit Inter-Story Deformation Angle is entered and the
maximum inter-story deformation angle exceeds the specified value, the analysis was
terminated. In the new version, the analysis can be terminated once the inter-story
deformation angle reaches the specified angle with 0.5% deformation tolerance.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Load Case

0.5%
tolerance

[Gen 2011 v1.1]

[Gen 2011 v2.1]


Improvement in Buckling Resistance Check as per EN 1993-1-1:2005
A new option is added to determine the design values of the compression force and biaxial
bending moments along the member when performing the buckling resistance check for
the columns as per the equation (6.61) and (6.62) of EN 1993-1-1. In the previous version,
the program took the design values of NEd, My,Ed and Mz,Ed at the same location along
the member. In this version, the program provides an option with which the user can apply
the maximum moments about the y-y and z-z axis separately along the member.

Design > Steel Design Parameter > Design Code

EN1993-1-1:2005 Equation (6.61), (6.62)

BMD: My BMD: Mz

10kN-m 20kN-m

20kN-m 10kN-m

The Biaxial moments for buckling resistance option


When the Biaxial moments at the same location option is selected:
Design values of moments at the top My=10kN-m, Mz=20kN-m
Design values of moments at the bottom My=20kN-m, Mz=10kN-m
When the Maximum moments along the member option is selected:
Design values of moments My=20kN-m, Mz=20kN-m
New Module: General Section Designer
General Section Designer (GSD)

General Section Check or GSD is a new module added to midas Civil/Gen.


Scope of GSD:
Definition of any irregular cross-section
Calculation of Section properties
Generation of P-M, P-My-Mz, M-M interaction curves
Calculation of Section Capacity (in flexure) and Safety Ratio based on member forces.
Generation of Moment-Curvature curve.
Plot of Stress contours for all the cross-sections.
All the above features are supported for: RC sections, Steel sections and Composite sections.

Work process Stress Contour

3D PM Interaction curve Moment- Curvature


User Interface
GSD can be called from midas Gen by Tools > General Section Designer.
In one model file, more than one section can be created and saved under different names.
All the sections are listed in the Works Tree.
Double click the section name in the Works Tree to show the section in the section view .

Main menu Works Tree Toolbar Section View

Table Window Coordinates Message Window Unit Control


Material
Step 1. Define material
Materials : RC, Steel.
Applied Codes: Eurocode, UNI, British Standard, ASTM, Indian Standard, etc.
Nonlinear material properties can also be assigned to concrete, structural steel and rebar
materials.
Material Properties
Step 1. Define material
Nonlinear Material Properties

Concrete nonlinear properties

Parabolic Stress-strain Curve Kent & Park Model

Steel nonlinear properties

Menegotto-Pinto Model Asymmetrical Bi-linear Curve


Section
Step 2. Define cross-section
Basic shape section by selecting a section from the DB of the standard sections for a
country
Any irregular cross-section by specifying the shape in the Section View or entering
coordinates into a table
Model > Shape > Basic Shape

General type shape


Section
Step 2. Define cross-section
Merging two shapes
Creating hollow sections

Model > Shape > Merge Shape

Copy Shapes

Merged Shapes

Creating Hollow Section


Rebar
Step 3.1 Select Rebar Material
The following stress-strain curves can be assigned to rebars.
Elastic-Only
Bilinear Model
Menegotto-Pinto Model
Park Strain Hardening
Model > Rebar > Rebar Material

Park Strain Hardening


Bilinear Model Menegotto-Pinto Model
Rebar
Step 3.2 Add Rebars: Various patterns are available for assigning the rebars to a section.
Point pattern : Add rebar at a single point.
Line Pattern : Add rebars in a line.
Arc Pattern : Add rebars in a circular arc patterns.
Rectangular Pattern : Add rebars in a rectangular pattern.
Perimeter pattern : Add rebars around the outer perimeter of the section by
specifying the concrete cover and number of rebars.

Model > Rebar > Rebar-Point Pattern


Load combination
Step 4. Define Load Combinations and member forces
Sign Convention:
Clockwise moment about the y and z axes are taken as positive. Anti-clockwise moments
are taken as negative. P is taken as positive towards +z axis.

Step 5. Cross-section Properties:


Apart from general section properties, Principal Properties, Section Modulus & Plastic
properties are also calculated.

Model > Define Load Combination

Model > Section Property


Result
Step 6.1 Check Results: Interaction Curves

Result > Interaction curve

P-M interaction curve for a specified angle

P-M interaction curve for a Load Combination


Result
Step 6.1 Check Results: Interaction Curves

Result > Interaction curve

M-M interaction curve for a Load combination

3 D interaction surface showing all the load combination


Result
Step 6.2 Check Results: Moment-curvature curve
Step 6.3 Check Result: Stress Contour

Result > Moment Curvature Curve

Move mouse pointer on


the curve to see the
strain diagram at a
particular point.

Moment-curvature curve
Result > Stress Contour

Stress contours
Addition of Header and Footer in Dynamic Report
In the dynamic report, we can add the project Information in the header and footer of MS
Word. Project Information includes Project Name, Revision, User Name, E-mail, Address,
Telephone, Fax, Client, Title, File Name, Created, Directory, Modified, and File Size.

Procedure of Header and Footer Generation


1. Fill out the Project Information in the File tab.
2. Open the Dynamic Report and double click Header and Footer in the Report Tree.
3. Select the items to add or remove in the header or footer field by clicking arrow buttons.
4. Use up and down arrows to arrange the order of header and footer items.
5. Click OK button to confirm.

Tools > Dynamic Report Generator


Midas Link for Revit Structure 2011
Midas Link for Revit Structure 2011 is now available to transfer a Revit model data to midas
Gen, and delivery back to Revit model files. It is provided as an Add-In module in Revit
Structure and midas Gen text file(*.mgt) is used for the roundtrip.

Midas Link for Revit Structure supports the following workflows


1. Send the Revit Structure analytical model to midas Gen
2. Import the MGT file of the Revit model in midas Gen
3. Export the midas model file to the MGT file
4. Update the Revit Structure model from midas Gen

Tools > Dynamic Report Generator


Plate Member Data in the Model Data Text Output

Now Plate Member Data can viewed in the Model Data Text Output.

File > Model Data Text Output > Plate Member Data
Easy Access to the Time History Result Tables

Time History Result Tables have been added to the Context Menu for improved
accessibility.

Context Menu > Time History Results > Inelastic Hinge Table / Time History Analysis Table

Disp./Vel./Accel. Table

Beam Force Table


Warning Message for the Changes in the Story Data

A warning message is displayed notifying that the number of stories being considered is
not in agreement with the generated data.

Model > Building > Story

After Story Data generation


when a node is moved (the node where a story is assigned is edited)
when a story is added
when a story is divided

The following message will be displayed when executing Perform Analysis


Pushover analysis enhancement

Lateral load pattern as per N2 method

The N2 method implements a new load pattern Normalized Mode Shape * Mass for
Pushover analysis.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Load Case


Normalization of mode shape
Eigenvalue analysis is performed to obtain the mode shape for pushover analysis on a
structure. In midas Gen, the mode shapes are normalized in such way that n=1, where n is
the user defined master node , generally at the roof level.

Pushover analysis is complete when the displacement of the master node reaches the
specified maximum displacement. The lateral loads are applied at the centre of mass of each
storey and the lateral load pattern is obtained by the normalized values of centre of mass.

The mode shape values of a structure, at the center of mass, are specified in the table along
with the normalized values.

User-Defined Master Node


.87
1
Roof
.65 .74
3F

.54 .63
2F
.21 .24
1F

Model Mode Shape Normalized Mode Shape

Normalization of Mode Shape

Mode Shape
Story Normalized Mode Shape

Roof .87 1
3F .65 .74
2F .54 .63
1F .21 .24
Lateral Load Pattern
In order to generate pushover curves, lateral load patterns are required. If floor
diaphragms are assigned, lateral loads are applied at the center of mass per story. If floor
diaphragms are not assigned, lateral loads are applied at the location of the masses in the
model automatically.

The pushover load is applied up to the point when the displacement of master node
reaches the maximum displacement.

The lateral load patterns are obtained by normalized mode shape and Story mass factor.

1
m4 = 400 Roof 1
.74
m3 = 300 3F .55

.63
m2 = 200 2F .31
.24
m1 = 100 1F .06

Model Normalized Mode Shape Load Pattern

Lateral Load Pattern

Normalized Mod
Story Story Mass Calculation Load Factor
e Shape,

Roof 400 1 (1X400)/(1X400) 1

3F 300 .74 (.74X300)/(1X400) .55

2F 200 .63 (.63X200)/(1X400) .31

1F 100 .24 (.24X100)/(1X400) .06


Gamma Calculation
Transformation factor Gamma is calculated based on the following two methods:
o 2D Behavior (EC8-1:2004 Annex B)
o 3D Behavior

2D Behavior is based on EC8 -1 :2004 Annex B and determines the value of gamma by only
considering the direction in which pushover analysis is performed . Hence the value of
gamma is :

3D Behavior determines the gamma by considering lateral deflection in all the possible
directions :

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Curve

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Curve


Target displacements as per NTC 2008

Target displacements are defined as the seismic demand derived from the elastic response
spectrum in terms of the displacement of an equivalent SDOF system. Target displacements
for the limit states SLO, SLD, SLC and SLV are automatically calculated as per NTC2008.
Different spectrums can be assigned to different limit states for determining the demand.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Curve

Select spectrum for different


Select spectrum for different
Select spectrum for different
limit states
Select spectrum for different
limit states
limit states
limit states

Method of Gamma Calculation Target displacements and corresponding pushover steps


Target displacements and corresponding pushover steps
Method of Gamma Calculation Target displacements
Target displacements and corresponding
and corresponding pushover
pushover steps steps
Safety Verification as per NTC 2008
Global verification ( = Limitation of interstory drift)
The interstory drift demands from pushover analysis should not exceed the corresponding
capacities. Global verification is performed for the limit states SLO and SLD.

Interstory drift limit values are:


- SLD: 0.005h, SLO: 0.005h x 2/3, where h is the story height.

The interstory drift demands are represented by target displacements for SLD and SLO. The
capacities for SLD and SLO are determined by the roof displacements when maximum
interstory drift is equal to its limit values, 0.005h and 0.005h x 2/3, respectively.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Curve

Demand and capacity table


Local verification

The local ductility and deformation demands from pushover analysis should not exceed the
corresponding capacities which implies that brittle elements should remain in the elastic
region. Local verification is performed for the limit states SLD, SLV and SLC. The capacities are
determined as shown in the table below. The demand (rotation or shear force) for a member is
obtained from the pushover step which is nearest to the target displacement for the
corresponding limit states.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Hinge Result Table > Safety Verification Table

Demand and capacity table


Enhanced Safety verification Table

Capacity values for different limit states can be viewed with user defined steps.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Hinge Result Table > Safety Verification Table

Capacity values
Damping Ratios by Material Properties

An option considering different damping ratios for different materials has been added in
the Material Data for time history analysis and response spectrum analysis.
In order to apply the damping ratio specified in the Material Data, following damping
method needs to be selected in the Time History Load Cases.
Response Spectrum Analysis : Strain Energy Proportional
Time History Analysis: Element Mass & Stiffness Proportional or Strain Energy Damping

Load > Time History Analysis Data > Time History Load Cases
Model > Properties > Material > Add > Damping Ratio

Default value of damping ratio by material types


- Steel : 0.02 (2%)
- Concrete / SRC : 0.05 (5%)
- USER : 0.00 (0%)
Considering Consistent Mass in Time History Analysis

Now Consistent Mass and Off-diagonal Masses option of Lumped Mass can be
considered during the linear and nonlinear time history analysis. In the previous
versions, Lumped Mass could be applied only when selecting the Off-diagonal Masses
option in the time history analysis.
If the Consistent Mass or Off-diagonal Mass option is used, Lanczos method should be
used for Eigenvalue Analysis.

Model > Structure Type

Consistent Mass

Mass Offset (Off-diagonal Masses)


Improvement in Group Damping

Group Damping dialog box has been divided into Element Mass & Stiffness
Proportional and Strain Energy Proportional.
Now Mass Coefficient (alpha) can be considered. Coefficients for mass and stiffness
(alpha and beta) are automatically calculated.

Model > Properties > Group Damping : Element Mass & Stiffness Proportional
Model > Properties > Group Damping : Strain Energy Propotional

Element Mass & Stiffness Proportional

Strain Energy Proportional


Considering Static Load Case for the Initial Loading in Time History Analysis

Now Static Analysis Result Import (ST) can be considered as an initial load.
In the previous versions, the axial force due to ST initial load was not reflected when
determining yielding of the hinge. In the new version, the axial force due to ST initial load is
reflected when calculating the yield strength of moment component.
When Increment Method>Load Control is used, Time History Load Cases>Scale Factor is now
reflected.

Load > Time History Analysis Data > Time History Load Cases
Considering the Construction Stage Load for Initial Loading
in Pushover Analysis
Final stage member forces from construction stage analysis can be used as initial loads
for the pushover analysis.

Pushover Analysis > Pushover Analysis Control


Option for cumulating reactions and displacements due to initial loads

in Pushover Analysis
In the previous versions, reactions due to initial loads were cumulative whereas
displacements due to initial loads were not cumulative.
Now the user can choose whether to cumulate reactions/displacements due to initial
loads or not.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Load Cases

In the previous versions, the results due to


initial loads were
For Reaction/Story shear: cumulative
For Displacement: not cumulative

When the initial load filed is displayed as


Import ST/CS Result, this option is not
available.

Note that the results from the new version


may not be the same as that from the
previous version of midas Gen because of
this option.
Considering Boundary Change Assignment Function in Pushover Analysis

This function can be applied to the following condition:


- When the boundary condition of the initial loading is different from that of the pushover loading
- When the section stiffness scale factor assigned for the initial loading is different from that of the
pushover loading

Analysis > Boundary Change Assignment to Load Cases/Analyses


Option for Considering the Shear Failure in Pushover Analysis

New option for considering the shear component failure has been newly added. When the
option is selected, the analysis will be automatically terminated if the shear hinge occurs in the
selected member type.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Global Control


Improvement in Pushover Hinge Properties with SRC Sections

Pushover hinge properties can be calculated automatically for the following SRC sections: Rect-
Cross I / Rect Combined T / SRC-BOX-Stiffener / SRC-Pipe-Stiffener

Design > Pushover Analysis > Define Hinge Properties


Addition of Ramberg-Osgood and Hardin-Drnevich Models
in Inelastic Hinge Property

Inelastic Hinge Properties can be defined with the Ramberg-Osgood and Hardin-
Drnevich models and applied for inelastic time history analysis for soil.

Model > Properties > Inelastic Hinge Properties

Ramberg-Osgood, Hardin-Drnevich Hysteresis


Curve
Sviluppi del 2010
Dynamic Report Generation

Word format reports can automatically be generated for selected input & output data
(figures, tables, graphs, and text).
Using Dynamic Report Regenerator function, changes of a model file are automatically
updated in the report.
User defined report format can be used and saved.

Tools > Dynamic Report Generator

Tools > Dynamic Report Image

Tools > Dynamic Report Auto Generation

Drag & Drop

1
Procedure for Dynamic Report Generation

Step 1. Open a midas Gen model file.


Step 2. Register contents (images, tables, text summary) to be entered in the report.
Registered contents are displayed in the Report Tree.
Step 3. Open a new report.
Step 4. Insert the contents by Drag & Drop from the Report Tree.
Step 5. Modify the report file in the Report Editor and save it in MS word format.

Register the desired data

Open a new report Report Tree

Insert contents by Drag & Drop


Procedure for Auto Regeneration
If there are any changes in the model file, we can automatically update the pre-generated
report. If the user manually entered additional text or images into the report, those data will
remain.

Step 1. Select Tools > Dynamic Report Image from the Main Menu, or click icon to open the
Auto Regeneration List dialog box.

Step 2. All the entered data will be displayed in each tab by data formats. Select the desired
data to be updated.

Step 3. Click [Regenerate] button.

Open the pre-generated report

Select the desired contents to be updated


Revit Structure 2010 Interface

Using Midas Link for Revit Structure, direct data transfer between midas Gen and Revit
Structure 2010 is available for Building Information Modeling (BIM) workflow. Midas Link
for Revit Structure enables us to directly transfer a Revit model data to midas Gen, and
delivery back to the Revit model file. It is provided as an Add-In module in Revit Structure
and midas Gen text file (*.mgt) is used for the roundtrip.

Midas Link for Revit Structure supports the following workflows:

(1) Send the Revit Structure analytical model to midas Gen.

(2) Import the MGT file of the Revit model in midas Gen.

(3) Export the midas model file to the MGT file.

(4) Update the Revit Structure model from midas Gen


Applicable data for MIDAS Link for Revit Structure

Revit to
Category Features Remark
midas Gen
Concrete v
Steel v
Pre Cast Concrete v
Material Wood N/A
Glass N/A
Ston N/A
Metal N/A
Concrete v
Section Steel v
SRC N/A
Vertical Column v
Column Only solid rectangular section is applicable.
Inclined Column v
Straight Beam v
Beam Curved Beam N/A
Inclined Beam v
Straight Wall v
Curved Wall N/A
Member
Wall Inclined Wall N/A
Masonry Wall N/A
Wall Opening N/A
Brace v
Truss(Top chord, Bottom chord, and Web) v
Slab N/A
Foundation N/A
Support(Hinge, Roller, Fixed) v
Boundary Beam End Release v
Section Offset N/A
Self Weight N/A Load Nature Name : Dead
Dead Load v Load Nature Name : Dead
Live Load v Load Nature Name : Live
Wind Load v Load Nature Name : Wind
Seismic Load v Load Nature Name : Seismic
Temperature Load v Load Nature Name : Temperature
Static Load Snow Load v Load Nature Name : Snow
Accidental Load v Load Nature Name : Accidental
Live Load on the roof v Load Nature Name : Roof Live
Point Load , Hosted Point Load1) v
Line Load , Hosted Line Load1) v
Area Load 1), 2) v
Hosted Area Load 1) N/A
Load
Load Combination 3) v
Combination

Note

1) In order to export point loads, line loads, or area loads to midas Gen, those loads need to be separately entered for each element. For example, if we
enter a line load to continuous beam (element no. 1 and 2), we need to enter the load to element no. 1 and 2 separately.
2) Area Load in Revit Structure is imported as Floor Load (Polygon-Length type) in midas Gen.
3) The name of Load Combination Usage specified in Revit Structure will determine the load combination tab in midas Gen. When the name of Load
Combination Usage is entered as Steel, Concrete, SRC or Footing, the combination shall be included in the Steel Design, Concrete Design, SRC Design or
Footing Design tab of Load Combination dialog box in midas Gen. For the other names of Load Combination Usage, the corresponding load
combinations will be included in General tab of Load Combination dialog box.
Pressure Type of Beam Loads

Uniform Pressure and Trapezoidal Pressure type of Line Beam Loads and Element
Beam Loads have been implemented to consider the width of beam elements when
entering wind loads.
This feature is useful to assign wind loads to the tapered girders (ex. longitudinal girders in
bridges).

Loads > Element Beam Loads


Loads > Line Beam Loads

Uniform Pressure type Trapezoidal Pressure type

Assign a beam load as a pressure load Additional H


considering the beam width to consider the additional height of the structures
which was not included in the modeling (ex. guard fence)
Improved Eccentricity Option in the Element Beam Load and Line Beam Load

Eccentricity can be entered by the following 2 methods: 1) from the centroid, and 2) from
the offset point.
In the previous version, the eccentricity was entered only from the centroid. In case of the
tapered section, beam loads with eccentricity can be easily entered from the offset point.

Loads > Element Beam Loads


Loads > Line Beam Loads

Two methods to enter the eccentricity

Enter the eccentricity from Offset (nodal position)


for the tapered sections
Changes in the Default Values of Stiffness Scale Factor
in the Composite Section for Construction Stage

In the SRC type section dialog box, the default value of Combined Ratio of Conc. has been
changed from 0.8 to 1.0 in order to prevent users confusion.
In the Composite Section for Construction Stage dialog box, the default values of Stiffness
Scale Factor have been changed from 0.8 to 1.0.

Model > Properties > Section


Load > Construction Stage Analysis Data > Composite Section for Construction Stage
Addition of Dimension Import

Import dimension layers from AutoCAD DXF. Dimensions are displayed as guide lines on the
screen such as grid lines and it does not affect analysis results.

Model > Dimension


Analysis Stop Option in the Pushover Analysis

Analysis Stop option in the Pushover Global Control: When a shear hinge occurs in the
selected member, the pushover analysis will be automatically terminated. In this case, the
analysis results can be examined up to the last pushover step.

Element Yield Status display in the Deformed Shape: The yield status of components (Fx,
Fy & Fz, Mx, and My & Mz)by pushover analysis is produced. This option is useful in
verifying if a shear failure occurred in any element.

Shear Yield Element table: The elements for which shear hinge occurred prior to the
moment hinges or axial hinges are plotted in a spreadsheet format table.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Global Control


Results > Deformations > Deformed Shape
Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Hinge Result Table > Shear Yield Element
Improved Pushover Analysis Results

Pushover analysis results have been graphically improved in order to prevent the users
confusion.

In FEMA and Eurocode type hinge, the hinge status of C point and D point is now
displayed separately. In the previous version, the hinge status of C,D was displayed after
the C point.

Result > Deformations > Deformed Shape


Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Hinge Status Result
Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Hinge Result Table > Beam Summary

Previous version New version

Pushover Hinge Status Result

Previous version

New version
Beam Summary Table
Mander Model in the Inelastic Material Properties

Mander Model has been added to model the behavior of concrete confined with steel
stirrups.
The menu name, Fiber Material Properties, has been changed to Inelastic Material
Properties.

Model > Properties > Inelastic Material Properties


Improved MINEGOTTO-PINTO Steel Model

In MINEGOTTO-PINTO steel model, the equation for calculating the plastic strain, , has
been changed in order to enhance the convergence performance.

Model > Properties > Inelastic Material Properties


Previous version New version

max 0 max 0
0 ; 1
0 ; 1
0 r y

0 min 0 min
0 ; 2 0 ; 2
0 r y
Slab Deflection Check considering Cracked Section
Deflections considering cracked section can be calculated in Slab Serviceability Checking. midas
Gen performs a cracked section analysis for the generated Crack Analysis Load Cases.
Deflection check considering long term effect can also be calculated by applying the creep
coefficient.
Members which are expected to crack, but may not be fully cracked, will behave in a manner
intermediate between the uncracked and fully cracked conditions and an adequate prediction
of behavior is given by the equation below based on the sub clause 7.4.3 (3) in EN1992-1-
1:2004. Following factors including the effective moment of inertia by elements for each
iteration step can be checked in "File Name_CSA.OUT" file.

Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design> Slab Serviceability Checking


Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design > Perform Cracked Section Analysis
Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design > Cracked Section Analysis Control

II (1 ) I

Therefore Ieff (effective moment of inertia)


can be calculated from the following
equation:
1 1 1
(1 )
Ieff Icr Ig
Where,
is a distribution coefficient, given by the
following equation:
M cr 2
1 ( )
M
' 0.5' is applied (long term loading).
f ctm bh 2
M cr
6
Es 1 3
Icr As (d d c ) 2 bd c
Ec 3
As Es (A s E s ) 2 2bA s E s E c,eff d
dc
bE c,eff
Limiting Rebar Ratio

In concrete code design as per Eurocode2:04 (Italy National Annex) and capacity design as
per Eurocode8:04 (Italy National Annex) and NTC2008, the user can select whether to
consider minimum rebar ratio limitation.
Limiting Rebar Ratio will be useful to find required rebar ratio regardless the minimum rebar
ratio limitation.

Design > Concrete Code Design > Limiting Rebar Ratio

Applied minimum rebar requirements


Limiting Minimum Section Size

In concrete code design as per Eurocode2:04 (Italy National Annex) and IS 13920:1993, and
capacity design as per Eurocode8:04 (Italy National Annex) and NTC2008, the user can select
whether to consider the minimum section size.

Design > Concrete Code Design > Limiting Minimum Section Size

Applied minimum rebar requirements

(1) Eurocode2-1-1:04
- Beam: 120mm
- Column: 120mm
- Wall: 100mm
- Slab ; 200mm for SLS design crack control
- Mat ; 200mm
(2) Eurocode8-1:04, NTC 2008
- Beam: bwmin{bc+hw, 2bc} for DCM and DCH
200mm for DCH
- Column: 250mm
- Wall:max(150mm, 1/20 x height)
(3) IS456:2000, IS13920:1993
- Beam: w/d 0.3, min{bc, hc} 200mm, d 1/4 x lcr
- Column: min{bc, hc} 200mm, dc/db 0.4
If the column height is larger than 5m or unbraced length is larger than
4m, section dimension should be larger than 300mm.
- Wall: t 150mm
Improved Concrete Code Design
as per the Latest Italy NA of Eurocode2:04
The default values for the stress parameter (k4) has been changed based on the
latest Italy national annex. (1.0 in the previous version, 0.9 in the new version)
The equation of the strength reduction factor, , to calculate the shear force has been
changed based on the latest Italy national annex.

Design > Concrete Design Parameter > Design Code


Design > Concrete Design Parameter > Serviceability Parameters
Design > Concrete Code Design > Beam Design

Eurocde2:04, 6.2.2(6)

The shear force VEd, calculated without reduction by , should however always satisfy
the condition

where is a strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear


Previous version New version
Improved Capacity Design for Walls

In the Capacity Design of walls, the magnification factor, , has been corrected to
consider the design bending moment (MEd) and the design flexural resistance (MRd) at
the base of the wall. In the previous version the design bending moment (MEd) and
the design flexural resistance (MRd) were calculated at the bottom of the walls at
each story.

Design > Concrete Design Parameter > Design Code


Design > Concrete Code Design > Wall Design

Eurocde8:04, 5.4.2.4, Figure 5.4

Eurocde8:04, 5.5.2.4.1, equation (5.25)

is the magnification factor, calculated from expression (5.25), but not less than 1,5:
Automeshing

Mesh generation feature has been newly implemented for slab and wall members. Generated
mesh elements are fully compatible with analysis and design features. Automesh considering
interior nodes, elements, and openings is available.

Automesh and Map-mesh


Model > Mesh > Auto-mesh Planar Area
Using the Auto-mesh Planar Area Model > Mesh > Map-mesh 4-Node Area
function, we can generate
meshes on areas of various
shapes. In order to specify the
area, select the corresponding
Nodes, Line elements, or Planar
elements.
Using the Map-mesh 4-Node
Area function, we can generate
regular mesh shapes for any area
of 4-nodes. We can specify the
number of divisions for the X and
Y-axis separately.

Automesh Map-mesh of 4-Node


Mesh Inner Domain option

Check on the Mesh Inner Domain option


to generate meshes in the interior
openings. When this option is checked off,
the program automatically recognizes the
enclosed areas, and mesh elements are
not generated in the corresponding areas.
Mesh Inner Domain is checked off as
default.

Include Interior Nodes/Lines option

Check on Include Interior Nodes/Lines Meshing

option to consider nodes or lines when


generating meshes. In order to specify
nodes and lines, auto and user defined
methods are available. Meshing

Include Interior Nodes/Lines option can


consider beam, planer, and solid
elements.

Boundary Connectivity

Boundary connectivity for adjacent areas


is automatically considered. If the user Meshing

does not want to consider the boundary


connectivity, the user can check off the
Include Boundary Connectivity option.
This option is checked on as default. Meshing
Delete Boundary Line Element

Check on the Delete Boundary Line


Element option to delete line elements
Meshing
when generating meshes. When this
option is checked off and the Subdivide
Source Line Element option is checked on,
line elements will be divided relevant to
the mesh size.

Subdivide Boundary Line Element

When mesh elements are generated,


boundary line elements are divided
Meshing
relevant to the mesh size. Divided line
elements are assigned as one member for
design.
This option is activated when Delete
Source Line Element option is checked off.

Redistribute pressure loads

When mesh elements are generated,


predefined loads are automatically
redistributed along the mesh elements. Meshing
Automesh and design procedure

Make a polygon for meshing

Slab Automesh

Parapet Automesh (Extrude : Line -> Planar)

Copy

Analysis & Design


Definition of Domain/Sub-domain for slab and wall design

The domain is automatically defined when generating meshes. Elements which are defined as
one domain can have the identical element type, material property, and thickness.
One domain consists of several sub-domains representing each slab span. For each sub-
domain, we can specify the rebar direction for slab design.

Model > Mesh > Auto-mesh Planar Area


Model > Mesh > Map-mesh 4-Node Area

Meshing

Domain

Sub-Domain

[2]
[1]
[4]
1
[3]
Dir. 2
Dir. 1
Y

GCS X

Rebar direction
Dir.1: Angle of rebar from Global X-axis
Dir.2: Angle of rebar from Dir.1 Display sub-domain angle
Addition of Create Converted Line Elements function

Generate line beam elements on the outline of the planar elements. When Create only on
Periphery Region option is checked on, beam elements are generated on the outermost lines
only. This function is useful in creating line elements after meshing plate elements.

Model > Element > Create Converted Line Elements

Simultaneous conversion
by multiple selection

When Create Only on Periphery Region option When Create Only on Periphery Region option
is checked off is checked on
Assigning wind and seismic loads on a structure with meshed slabs

Automatically calculate static wind and seismic loads for floors in which floor diaphragm is not
considered. In the old version, static wind and seismic loads were not able to be assigned if
floor diaphragm was not considered.

Model > Building > Control Data

Wind Load
Concentrated Load Torsion

Seismic Load
Concentrated Load Torsion
Enhanced Beam Wizard

Span-oriented input type for Beam Wizard has been newly implemented. In the new version,
beam elements with different spans can be rapidly generated.
Type 1: Generate beam elements based on the beam length. Beam elements with different
lengths can be generated simultaneously. (Ex. 5.0, 3.0, 4.5, 3@5.0)
Type 2: Generate beam elements based on the distance between the nodes and the number
of repetitions.

Model > Structure Wizard > Beam

Old version Gen 2010


Addition of composite sections

The composite section tab regarding the section variation before and after composite actions
has been newly added. Composite section provides the following three section types:
Steel-Box: Structural steel Box Girder
Steel -I: Structural Steel I Shape Girder
User: Section properties defined as General Section in the Value tab

Model > Properties > Section


Tables >Structure Tables > Properties > Section

Steel-Box type

Steel-I type
Addition of the inverted T-shape beam

Generate the strip foundations using the upside-down T-shape beam. Both the inverted T-
shape and L-shape sections can be generated. These section are useful in generating strip
foundations of a building. The design feature for the upside down T-shape beam will be
implemented in the upcoming version.

Model > Properties > Section


Tables >Structure Tables > Properties > Section

Upside-down T-shape section L-shape section


Converting Inertial Forces from RS analysis to Nodal Loads

Inertial forces resulting from response spectrum analysis can be converted to nodal loads in
the specified load case. The procedure is as follows:
In the Nodal Results of RS table, right-click and select Convert to Nodal Load.
In the Convert to Nodal Load dialog box, select the desired RS load case and Mode.
The Combined component of Mode represents modal combination results.
Select or create load case to generate the nodal loads.

Results > Result Tables > Nodal Results of RS

3
2
Addition of Cutting Diagram Display for Plane Strain elements

Cutting diagram can now be displayed Results > Stresses > Plane Strain Stresses

for plane strain elements. In the old


version, this feature was available for
plate elements only.
Display cutting diagram for 2-D
structures which consist of plane strain
elements such as dams, breakwaters,
tunnels, and retaining walls.

12. Display Stiffness of Rigid Type Elastic Link in the Analysis Output File

Stiffness of rigid type elastic link is now produced in the analysis output file (*.out).

Model > Boundaries > Elastic Link


Analysis > Perform Analysis
Shading for Solid and Planar Elements in Wireframe View

Shading option for solid and planer elements has been newly implemented. With this option,
the user can adjust the transparency level of the shading display.

View > Display Option

Shading

14. Display element color by element type, material type, or section type

Random element color can be automatically assigned corresponding to the type of element,
material, or section.

View > Display Option

Draw tab Color tab


For pre-generated For newly created
elements, assign a elements, assign a
random element random element
color for a color to each of the
particular property properties by
by clicking the clicking on the
[Random Color] Assign Random
button. Color option.
Enhanced Display of Supports and Point Spring Supports

A new feature that displays the Supports and Point Spring Supports, offering an intuitive way
of identifying boundary conditions.

Model > Boundaries > Define Constraint Label Direction


View > Display > Boundary

Old version

Gen 2010
Support Point spring support
Addition of an export to Excel option in result tables

A new feature that can export result tables to an Excel Spreadsheet. All values as well as table
titles are exported to the spreadsheet. This feature is available for all the pre and post-
processing tables.

Results > Result Tables

17. Save an image in jpg format


File > Graphic files > JPG files
Graphical image of the Model Window can
be saved in jpg format as well as AutoCAD
DXF, BMP, or EMF formats.
Export frame model to solid/plate model

Tendon Profiles as well as concrete girder can be exported to midas FEA for detailed analysis.
The option to export frame model to plate model in midas FEA has been newly implemented.
The user can easily generate the solid/plate model with tendons, which will be analyzed in
midas FEA.

File > Export > Frame Section for Solid, Frame Section for Plate

[midas FEA: Imported tendons]

[midas Gen: line beam model]

[midas FEA: Solid model]


Addition of Sort Groups by Name feature
Automatically arrange the list of groups in alphabetical order, or manually change the order of
the groups as desired.
This feature helps the user to quickly organize and better understand the group data especially
for the construction stage analysis.

Model > Group > Define Structure (Boundary / load / Tendon) Group

In the old version, if a


structure group Seg5-1
is newly created, it
would be placed at the
bottom of the group list.

Old version

In Gen 2010, the user


can change the group
order relevant to the
construction sequence.

Gen 2010
Renumbering the existing element (node) numbers in reverse order

Renumber the existing element (node) numbers in reverse order of the GCS direction.
For pile or frame elements, renumber the element (node) numbers in the direction of gravity.

Model > Nodes > Renumbering

Model > Elements > Renumbering

101 201 301 401 reversed


order
102 202 302 402

103 203 303 403

204 304

305

Pile elements

5 6 7 8

4 9
reversed
3 10 order
2 11

1
12

Frame

In Gen 2010, (-)X, (-)Y, and (-)Z


directions are newly added.
Applying Plate and Solid Elements to Structural Masonry Material

Plate elements, 4-nodes tetra solid, and 6-nodes wedge solid elements can be applied to the
Structural Masonry material for plastic analysis.

Model > Properties > Plastic Material


Addition of Time Dependent Material as per Eurocode2:04

Time Dependent Material (Creep/Shrinkage, Compressive Strength, and Tendon Loss) as per
Eurocode2:04 has been newly implemented.

Model > Properties > Time Dependent Material (Creep/Shrinkage)


Model > Properties > Time Dependent Material (Comp. Strength)
Load > Prestress loads > Tendon Property

Creep/Shrinkage

Compressive Strength Tendon Loss


Addition of the Time Dependent Material (Comp. Strength)
as per CEB-FIP(1978)
Time Dependent Material (Compressive Strength) as per CEB-FIP(1978) has been newly
implemented. In the old version, only creep and shrinkage as per CEB-FIP(1978) were
implemented. For the construction stage analysis, time dependent material as per CEB-
FIP(1989) can now be fully considered.

Model > Properties > Time Dependent Material (Comp. Strength)

Implemented time dependent material codes:


CEB-FIP(1990)
CEB-FIP(1978)
ACI209(1982)
PCA(1986)
Combined ACI & PCA
IRC:18-2000
Eurocode2-1-1:2004
Addition of distributed springs

Distributed springs on the beam, plate, and solid elements.


Generate surface springs to represent the stiffness of the soil.
Consider accurate boundary conditions when modeling members on elastic subgrade.
Compression-only spring can be considered.

Model > Boundaries > Surface Spring Supports

[Reaction (Local-Surface Spring )tab]

Difference between Convert to Nodal Spring and Distributed Spring


When Convert to Nodal Spring is selected, springs are entered at the nodes of the
elements. When Distributed Spring is selected, springs are uniformly distributed on
a face or edge of the elements.

Convert to Nodal Distributed Spring


Spring (Winkler Spring)
Spring
Nodes of elements Distributed on the elements
location
Unit of Beam: kN(kN/M)
kN
reaction Planar or Solid: kN(kN/M2)
As element stiffness increases, beam
Concentrated
Deformation deformations are distributed throughout
at the nodes
the elements.

[Surface Spring Supports Display]


Addition of Pile Spring Supports

Pile spring support can consider the soil adjacent to piles as nonlinear springs. Nonlinear
characteristics of springs over the pile height are automatically varied.
Linear, compression-only, and Multi-Linear springs are automatically assigned to nodes
depending on the spring direction.
By selecting the pile elements and entering the geometry data (ground level, pile diameter, etc.)
and soil properties, the spring stiffness at each node is automatically calculated.

Model > Boundaries > Pile Spring Supports

Linear type Multi-Linear type


Point Spring Support Point Spring Support

Model > Boundaries > Point Spring Support Table


Addition of Multi-Linear type Elastic Link

Multi-linear type elastic link has been newly added. This feature is extremely useful when we
model bilinear springs between bridge decks and rails to evaluate axial forces in the rails
considering nonlinear behavior of ballast due to a temperature and braking load.

Model > Boundaries > Elastic Link


Nonlinear Point Spring Supports for Construction Stage Analysis

Nonlinear Point Spring Supports can now be considered Model > Boundaries
> Point Spring Supports
in the Construction Stage Analysis.
Point spring supports can be applied to simulate elastic
bearing pads when analyzing bridge structures.
The following types of Nonlinear springs can be
considered in the construction stage analysis.
- Compression only spring
- Tension only spring
- Multi-Linear spring

9. Accidental Eccentricity consideration for Response Spectrum Analysis


in Basement Floors
Accidental Eccentricity for Response Spectrum Load > Response Spectrum Analysis Data
Analysis in basement floors can be considered > Response Spectrum Load Cases

by checking on the Consider Eccentricity below


G.L option. This option is checked on as
default.
Considering Mass Participation Factors for Rotational Directions

Mass participation factors for all the rotational directions can be calculated regardless of the
Floor Diaphragm. In the old version, mass participation factors for transfer directions were
only considered when the Floor Diaphragm was not assigned.

Results > Vibration Mode Shape


Results > Result Tables > Vibration Mode Shape

Old version Gen 2010

Vibration Mode Shape

Vibration Mode Shape Table


Transfer reactions of slave nodes to the master node

In the old version, reactions were produced at the master node only when rigid links were
assigned. In Gen 2010, the user can select if reactions of slave nodes will be transferred to the
master node or not.
When this option is checked on, reactions of slave nodes are plotted as zero and the total
reactions including reactions of slave nodes are plotted in the Summation field of the
Reactions Table. When this option is checked off, reactions of slave nodes are plotted in the
reaction field of the corresponding slave node.

Analysis > Main Control Data

[Checked on - When reactions of slave nodes are [Checked off - When reactions of slave nodes are
transferred to the master node] not transferred to the master node]
Improvements in Buckling Analysis Control dialog box

Sturm Sequence Check option for detecting any missed buckling load factor and Load Factor
Range option for setting the range of the buckling load factor have been newly added.
midas Gen considered Lateral-Torsional Buckling mode in any case. The Frame Geometric
Stiffness Option has been newly implemented to ignore the Lateral-Torsional Buckling effect in
Buckling Analysis.

Analysis > Buckling Analysis Control

[Message window]

1st 2nd 3rd

[Buckling mode shape]

[Buckling mode shape table]


Improvements on the Eigenvalue analysis
considering the maximum number of frequencies

When the Number of Frequencies exceeds the maximum number of eigenvalues for a
corresponding structure, the program automatically updates the number of frequencies. In the
old version, an error message was displayed and the analysis was terminated.

Analysis > Eigenvalue Analysis Control

Old version Gen 2010


Enhanced pushover hinge properties of FEMA type

In the old version, M/MY at the point D and E must have the same value. In Gen 2010,
different values can be defined. This is applicable when the Interaction Type is None and the
Input Method is User Input.
This function is implemented to support the integration between SERCB win and midas Gen.

Design > Pushover analysis > Define Pushover Hinge Properties

[Pushover analysis result in Gen]

[SERCB win]
Buckling load consideration in the Pushover Yield Surface

In the pushover PMM hinge Design > Pushover > Pushover Global Control

properties, buckling load can be


considered in calculating yield
strength by checking on the Calc.
Yield Surface of Beam considering
Buckling option.

16. Improvements in Inelastic Hinge Properties of SRC Beam member


Inelastic hinge can be now defined for SRC(encased) beam members. In the old version,
inelastic hinge cannot be assigned to SRC(encased) beam elements.

Model > Properties > Inelastic Hinge Properties


Addition of Capacity Design as per NTC2008 and Eurocode8-1:2004

Capacity design provisions are required to (1) Define design code:


Design > Concrete Design Parameter
obtain the hierarchy of resistance of the > Design Code
various structural components necessary for (2-1)Perform Design :
ensuring the intended configuration of plastic Design > RC Strong-Column Weak-Beam Design
> Ductile Design/Ductile Checking
hinges and for avoiding brittle failure modes. Design > Concrete Code Design
In frame buildings, when including frame- > Beam Design / Column Design / Wall Design

equivalent systems, with two or more stories,


the following condition should be satisfied at
all joints of primary or secondary seismic
beams with primary seismic columns:

M Rc 1.3 M Rb

Gen 2010 provides automatic capacity design


to satisfy the specified ductility classes (DCM
and DCH for Eurocode8, CD B and CD A for
NTC2008).
Beam and Column Design forces for DCM & DCH as per Eurocode8-1:2004

Capacity design values of shear forces on beams

Capacity design shear force in columns

Where, MRb: Beam moment resistance Rd: Factor accounting for overstrength
MRc: Column moment resistance (calculated using same axial force
ratio in PM interaction curve)
Mce: Bending moment of column due to seismic load case
Wall Design forces for DCM & DCH as per Eurocode8-1:2004
Beam and Column Design forces for DCM & DCH as per NTC2008

Capacity design values of shear forces on beams

Where, MRb: Beam moment resistance


MRc: Column moment resistance Capacity design shear force in columns
(calculated using same axial force ratio in PM interaction curve)
Mce: Bending moment of column due to seismic load case
Rd: Factor accounting for overstrength
Wall Design forces for DCM & DCH as per NTC2008

Wall systems Dual systems

al h cr max l w , h w / 6

Fig. 5.3: Design envelope for bending moments in slender walls Fig. 5.4: Design envelope of the shear forces in the walls of a dual system

For all types of walls, dynamic


component of the wall axial force may be
taken as being 50% of the axial force in
the wall due to the gravity loads present
in the seismic design situation. This
force shall be taken to have a plus or
a minus sign, whichever is most
unfavorable.
Design Results

The automatic design results are based on the maximum negative/positive moments and
shear forces calculated at the positions (I,1/4,1/2,3/4 & J) of each member in accordance with
the load combinations for concrete design. Detailed calculation can be verified in the graphic
report and the detailed report.

Design Result Dialog box

Detailed Report

Graphic Report
Addition of Slab/Wall design as per Eurocode2-1-1:2004

Slab and wall design for meshed plate elements has been newly implemented as per
Eurocode2-1-1:2004. Slab Flexural design & checking, Slab punching shear checking, and Wall
design & checking features are available.

Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design > Slab Flexural Design


Slab Shear Checking
Slab Serviceability Checking
Wall Design

Slab Flexural design : Required rebar area Rebar type and Spacing

Text Output Two-way Shear Check (Punching Shear Check)


Load combination for slab and wall design

Load combination for slab and wall design


Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design >
can be chosen in the dialog box shown on Slab/Wall Load Combination

the right. All of the load combinations


generated in the Load Combination dialog
box of the Slab Design tab (Results >
Combinations) are displayed here. This
function is useful when the engineer needs
to apply some of the load combinations
such as the gravity load for slab design.
All of the load combinations are checked on
as default.

Specify reinforcement data for slab and wall design

Enter the standard sizes Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design >
of rebars, spacing, and Design Criteria for Rebar

concrete cover
dimension in the design
of slab, mat foundation,
and wall members.
Cover dimension for
slab can be specified
differently for top and
bottom rebars.
Flexural design
Flexural design results for slab elements are
Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design >
provided in contour, detailed report, and Slab Flexural Design
design force table.
The following results are provided from
flexural design:
Rebar spacing and diameter
Required rebar area
Required rebar ratio
Resistance ratio
Wood Armer Moment

Wood-Armer moment: midas Gen provides design forces in the reinforcement directions for
skew reinforcement based on the Wood-Armer formula.

From the analysis results, the following plate forces


about the local axis are calculated:
mxx
myy
mxy
In order to calculate the design forces in the
reinforcement direction, angle and will be taken
as shown in the figure on the right.

Where
x, y: local axis of plate element
1, 2: reinforcement direction
: angle between local X-direction and reinforcement
direction 1
: angle between reinforcement direction 1 and
reinforcement direction 2
Firstly, internal forces (mxx, myy, and mxy) are transformed into the a-b coordinate system.

Then, Wood-Armer moments are calculated as follows:


Flexural design report, table, and update rebar
Design Result
Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design >
Detailed calculation results are provided in the Slab Flexural Design
detailed report.

Design Force
Wood Armer moments are provided for a
specified load case/combination in a spread Detailed report

sheet format. When All Combination is


selected, the most unfavorable Wood-Armer
moments are displayed with the corresponding
load combination for each plate element.

Update Rebar
Reinforcement resulting from flexural design are
automatically updated.

Meshed Slab Design Force table Update Rebar


Slab Rebars for Checking
Rebar for slab and wall checking can be assigned and replaced in this dialog box. Rebar
direction is specified in the Sub-domain dialog box.

Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design > Slab/Wall Rebars for Checking
Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design >
Smoothing Slab Flexural Design

For practical design, smooth moment distributions


are preferred. By selecting the smoothing option,
the program can consider the smooth moment in
slab design.

Element: Design results are displayed using the internal


forces calculated at each node of elements. (no smoothing)
Avg. Nodal: Design results are displayed using the average
internal nodal forces of the contiguous elements sharing Average Nodal and Width smoothing
the common nodes.

Element: Design results are produced for moments at each


node of slab elements. (no smoothing) 2m
Width: Design results of slab elements at each node is
Avg. Nodal of EN33 =
produced using the average of the bending moments of the (EN12+EN21+EN33+EN44)/4
contiguous slab elements with the specified width. Width 2m of EN33 =
(EN33+EN34+EN43+EN44)/4

(Example) Design force for Node. EN21 EN73

In one plate element, 4 internal forces exist. For the element


E2, member forces exist at the node EN21, EN22, EN23, and EN72

EN24. The following equations show how the smoothing EN83

option works for the node EN21. (Assume that rebar


direction is selected as Angle 2 for Width smoothing EN82

direction.)
2

(1) Element + Element: EN21 2m


(2) Avg. Nodal +Element: (EN12+EN21+EN33+EN44)/4 1

(3) Element + Width 2m: (EN11+EN12+EN21+EN22)/4


(4) Avg. Nodal + Width 2m: {(EN11+EN34+EN72+EN83)/4 + (EN12+EN21+EN33+EN44)/4
+ (EN22+ EN43+ EN51+EN64)/4 }/3
One-Way Flexural Design
Produce the slab design results of the floor slab
elements along a cutting line. In one-way flexural
design, Wood-Armer moments perpendicular to the
cutting line are applied.
Rebar dimension with spacing, required rebar area,
required rebar ratio, and resistance ratio are
displayed in contours.
Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design >
Slab Shear Design Slab Shear Checking
Produce the punching shear check results at the
critical perimeter of slab supports or the loaded
points of concentrated loads and the one-way shear
check results along the user-defined Shear Check
Lines.

Punching shear calculation

V_Ed < V_Rd,c : section is safe in punching shear

V_Ed > V_Rd,c : provide shear reinforcement.

Asw/sr = (v_Ed-0.75*v_Rd_c)*(u1*d) / (1.5*d*fywd_ef)

Maximum shear stress calculation Detailed report

Case 1. vEd : plate stress from analysis

Shear stress average by Element

average by Side

Shear stress at the critical perimeter


Shear stress
for each side
VEd
Case 2. v Ed
uid
In this case, the program takes the axial force in the column supporting the slab as the shear
force (V_Ed). The basic control perimeter (u1) is taken at a distance 2d from the column face as
shown in the diagram below:

The maximum shear force is calculated by multiplying V_Ed with shear enhancement factor
. The value of is different for different columns (as given in the code).
Internal rectangular Column Uniaxial
bending

Internal rectangular Column biaxial bending

Rectangular Edge Column: axis of bending


parallel to slab edge, eccentricity is
towards interior.
Rectangular Edge Column: axis of bending
parallel to slab edge, eccentricity is
towards exterior.

Rectangular Edge Column: bending about


both the axes, eccentricity
perpendicular to slab edge is
towards interior. k = determined from Table 6.1 with the ratio
c1/c2 replaced by c1/2c2

Rectangular Edge Column: bending about


both the axes, eccentricity
perpendicular to slab edge is
towards exterior.
Rectangular Corner Column, eccentricity is
towards interior
Rectangular Corner Column, eccentricity is
towards exterior

Interior Circular column

Circular edge or corner column No information in the code.


Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design >
Slab Serviceability Checking Slab Serviceability Checking

Stress Checking
Stress Checking
Both compressive stress in concrete and tensile stress
in reinforcement is checked with the stress limitation
specified in the Serviceability Parameters dialog box.
When plate force exceeds cracked moment, the
Crack Control
program can automatically consider the cracked
section in stress checking.
Crack Control
Crack width, minimum rebar area to control the crack,
maximum bar spacing, and maximum bar diameter for Deflection
crack can be checked in the contour as well as the
detailed report.
Deflection
Deflection for un-cracked section can be calculated
considering long-term deflection due to creep. Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design >
Deflection for cracked section can be provided in the Serviceability Parameters

upcoming version.
Wall Design Design > Meshed Slab/Wall Design >
Wall design results are provided in contour, detailed Wall Design

report, and design force table. Also, concrete stress


(cd) can be checked with fcd.
The following results are provided from wall design:
Rebar spacing and diameter
Required rebar area & Required rebar ratio
Resistance ratio

Meshed Wall Design Force table Detailed report


Improvements in Rebar Input Dialog Box
The rebar input dialog box has been improved for better usability. Main rebar and stirrup for i-
end, middle, and j-end can be simply assigned and modified in the dialog box. Assigned rebar
data is displayed in works tree. Rebar can be assigned by drag & drop method from the tree
menu.

Design > Concrete Design Parameter > Modify Beam/Column/Brace/Wall Rebar Data

Drag & Drop


Update rebar by members

Automatic rebar assignment by members from design results is now available. In the old
version, automatic rebar input is done by properties only.
In Gen 2010, depending on the sorting method, Update Rebar is applied differently.

Design > Concrete Code Design > Beam/Column/Brace/Wall Design

Sorted by Member Sorted by Property

By Updating Rebar, different design By updating Rebar, the most unfavorable


results by members are applied. design results are applied for members
which have the same group.
Addition of new rebar DB UNI standard (Italian Organization for Standardization)

Design > Concrete Design Parameter


New rebar DB, B450C, is added based > Modify Concrete Materials
on UNI Standard (Italian Organization
for Standardization).

6. Improvements in calculating effective length in the steel structure


Improvements in calculating effective length in the steel structure according to the Chinese
specification

Design > General Design Parameter > Unbraced Length

Old version
A. Braced frame

B. Unbraced frame

Gen 2010
A. Braced frame

B. Unbraced frame