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To seek essence of machine materials

Solid Mechanics Lab. and innovate science to safety studies


with multi-scale mechanics

Research topics
Strength reliability evaluation of fuel cell systems.
Strength reliability evaluation of new light metal alloy and application to automotive engines.
Development of fatigue strength reliability evaluation method for real structure.
Development and evaluation of hybrid composite material and application to big windmill for
wind power generator.
Development of strength characteristics evaluation method from meso-scale to macro-scale.
Mode II (shear mode) fatigue crack propagation for rolling contact fatigue.

material defect
Stress and fatigue analysis Work effect analysis
Practical use of new light Fatigue strength evaluation
metals
for real structure
TEM image Crystal rotation angle
rotation

Micro analysis of brittle-like fatigue


crack that propagated in hydrogen
environment.
photo by (c) WWEA, www.wwindea.org

Strength analysis of new materials


Hydrogen effect against Rolling contact fatigue analysis
strength reliability of materials Hybrid composite
materials application Secure infrastructure
Fatigue & Fracture of Materials Laboratory
Prof. S. Matsuoka, Assistant Prof. Y. Fukushima, Assistant Prof. Y. Mine,
Technician M. Fujishima

To contribute to the development of


hydrogen energy and fuel cell systems Crack

as a leading expert in the field of metal


fatigue.
83

(1) The investigation on the effect of


hydrogen on fatigue strength properties Hydrogen station Numerical analysis of part in
hydrogen leakage
of materials composing fuel cell vehicles
Investigation to determine the cause of the hydrogen leakage in
and fuel cells for stationary power the hydrogen station in Aichikyuhaku. Fatigue fracture of
dispenser hose
(2) The investigation on the basic
mechanism for deformation, fatigue
crack initiation and growth in metallic

Crack

materials

growth direction
(3) Failure analyses of fuel cell systems,
rocket, etc. To realize safe and secure 5m

society The LE7 engine discovered Striations, evident for fatigue,


in 3,000 m under the sea. formed in the FTP inducer.
Investigation to determine the cause of the launching accident of
the HII rocket. Fatigue fracture of the FTP inducer
Mechanical Properties of Engineering Materials Lab.
We are devoted to research on fracture of materials to ensure safety operation of machines

Research topics
Hydrogen enhanced crack propagation in the material used for super high pressure
hydrogen gas container
Fretting fatigue problems and effect of hydrogen
R&D of mechanical components
(ex. Compressor used for car air conditioner, dental implant,
100MPa H2 pressure gage, 100MPa H2 compressor) 100MPa H compressor Compressor for car air
2
conditioner
Fatigue design method for various mechanical components
including hydrogen utilization machines
Our goals Systematic approach
Characterization of the effect of
hydrogen to evaluate fatigue strength
on fatigue properties & clarify the mechanism
Crack propagation Effect of small defects
Crack propagation threshold notch size and
Fracture toughness shape
Welded structure overload
Variable stress crack closure
Seismic loading Development of test
Notch machine
Contact part of mechanical & experimental technique
componentsChange of fatigue crack propagation
mechanism by hydrogen
Usual fatigue Hydrogen enhanced
fracture surface crack propagation Failure analysis
Numerical evaluation
Stress analysis
Fracture mechanics
approach
Contact problems
Backup roll used for steel plate rolling mill
Flow control systems lab. Professor Akinori Furukawa
Associate Prof. Satoshi Watanabe
R&D for next generation pumping machinery Cavitation, flow instabilities
High performance design for contra-rotating axial flow Cavitation instabilities in inducers
pumps Basic researches on unsteady cavitating flows
R&D of multiple-disc pump for micro chemical plant
Tip leakage vortex

Sheet cavity
Flow separation Fluid machinery
&
Related flow
phenomena
Cloud cavity
Renewable energy
Application of Darrieus type hydroturbine for low head
hydropower
Multi-phase flow
R&D of centrifugal pump suitable for gas-liquid two-
V m/s bmax
phase flow and its application for micro-bubble generator 0.3 1.50
6
1.75
2.00 Ch
2.25
2.50
0.2 4

Ch
Ct

Ct
0.1 2
+Cv

+Cv
0
0 2 4 6
U/V
Fluids Engineering Science Lab.
CFD
CFDanalysis
analysisofofcomplex
complex
internal
internalflows
flows
yUnsteady
yUnsteady3-D
3-Dvortex
vortexflows
flows
yRotating stall inception
yRotating stall inception
yEFD/CFD
yEFD/CFDhybrid
hybridanalysis
analysis

Analysis
Analysis of
of gas
gas flows
flows
in
in turbomachinery
turbomachinery

Development
Developmentof ofwind-lens
wind-lens
Mechanism Development
Developmentof
ofimaging
wind
windturbine
turbine Mechanismof
of imaging
aerodynamic measurement
measurementtechnique
y3-D
y3-Daerodynamic
aerodynamicdesign
design aerodynamicnoise
noise Pressure
technique
yMatching
yMatching of wind-lensbody
of wind-lens bodyand
and Noise
Noisereduction
reductionofoffans
fans PressureSensitive
SensitivePaint
Paint(PSP)
(PSP)
turbine blades Particle
Particle Image Velocimetry(PIV)
Image Velocimetry (PIV)
turbine blades Tip vortex
Separation vortex

Inflow

0.04
Pf Tip vortex
0.00 Stagnation region
Thermal engineering, bioengineering,
Heat Mass Transfer Lab. and biothermal engineering
Prof. H. Takamatsu & Prof. K. Kurata

Research topics
Measurement of fluid Noninvasive measurement Experimental and
thermal conductivity with of thermal transport theoretical modeling of
small samples using a properties of biological freezing during
MEMS sensor. materials. cryosurgery.

Micrograph of a
stamp-like sensor
Ice formation around a cryoprobe
Scanning electron micrograph of a MEMS sensor
Experimental and
theoretical studies on non- Mechanical response of
Mechanism of cell injury thermal irreversible bone cells subjected to
during freezing. electroporation. repetitive fatigue loading.

Concept of clinical
application of irreversible
Cryomicroscope electroporation Cell apoptosis induced by fatigue loading

Measurement of thermal transport properties of solids and soft materials.


Osmotic response and injury of cells.
Effect of vibration on bone mass, morphology, and substance transport inside bone.
To convert or utilize
Thermal Energy Conversion Lab. thermal energy
with high efficiency

Research topics
Clarification of thermal-hydraulics of supercritical pressure fluids to develop a Supercritical
Pressure Water Cooled Reactor (SCWR)
Development of high-temperature heat pump system using supercritical pressure fluids
Evaluation of heat transfer and flow resistance of flow boiling in mini-channels to develop
high performance heat pump system
Study on adsorption/desorption phenomena of desiccant material used for air conditioning
Development of metal-hydride heat pump system operating with low-temperature waste heat

Turbine Experiments on heat transfer


/Generator and pressure drop of flow
boiling inside mini-channels
Reactor
Metal hydride
Experiments and simulation
50m analyses on heat and mass
Fuel transfer in meta hydride bed
Assembly Before After
activation activation

SCWR Experiments
and simulation
Experiments and simulation analyses on
analyses on thermal-hydraulics desiccant
of supercritical pressure fluids process for air
conditioning
Thermofluid Physics Lab. Prof. Y. Takata and Prof. M. Kohno

100 MPa Chamber

1. Measurement of Hydrogen Thermophysical Properties at Very High Pressure


Thermophysical properties are essential information for the design and simulation of the
equipment. We measure thermophysical properties (PVT relation, viscosity, thermal conductivity
etc.) of hydrogen, and develop the equation of state and the correlation equations.
Micro cooler 10cm

2. Development of J-T type Micro Cooler


Heat devises for the micro electronic devices are desire to downsize and upgrade.
We develop the wire type JT micro cooler that has about 1mm diameter for the spot cooling.

3. Wettability control and Heat Transfer Enhancement on the Solid Surface Super-hydrophilic
High accurate cooling control becomes possible with the wettability control
on the heat transfer surface.
Super-hydrophobic
Our purposes are to establish the technique that controls the only surface wettability with the
photocatalyst and to reveal the effect of surface wettability for the vapor-liquid phase change.


4. Laser micro processing
Laser processing is currently widely used for the drilling of various materials including metals,
polymers and glasses. We studies Laser micro-drilling/grooving with a Bessel laser beam.
Micro-machining without precise control of the work distance was shown to be possible because
a Bessel beam has a deep focal depth.

5. Synthesis of CNTs
CNTs (Carbon nanotubes) are synthesized from catalyst metal nano-particles that were
Laser machining system
generated by laser vaporization technique.
In this study, we introduced DMA in LCCVD technique in order to observe the effect of catalyst
metal nano-particles diameter on CNTs.

TEM image of CNT


Reactive Gas Dynamics Lab. Prof. T. Kitagawa
Assistant Prof. Y. Nagano

- Pursuit of principle and technologies in combustion

Research focus:
Combustion phenomena
9 in engines and gas turbines
9 in power plants
9 in steelworks Experimental equipment
unique in Japan
9 of alternative fuels

Current topics:
Experiments and numerical simulation on
burning velocity of premixed flames
knock and auto-ignition in engines
combustion of hydrogen
combustion of biomass and synthetic fuels
combustion of coal gasification gas Hydrogen flame
furnace burners
Professor : Eiichi MURASE
Engine Systems Lab. Associate Professor : Osamu MORIUE
Research Associate : Hideki HASHIMOTO

Research topics
Enhancement of Ignition and Burning Rate of Lean Mixtures by Pulsed Flame Jet.
Ignition Timing Control of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Combustion by
Pulsed Flame Jet.
Study on Combustion Phenomena in Engines with Visualized Rotary Engine.
Study on Vaporization, Spontaneous Ignition and Combustion of Fuel Sprays.
Improvement of Spark Ignition of Lean Mixtures in a Fast Gas Flow .
Combustion Diagnosis by Chemiluminescence Spectroscopy.
Cylinder
Piston
Rod
Connecter
Observation window

Cap
Thermocouple
Valve
Visualized rotary engine
Valve ho lder
Reservoir tank Rapid compression machine
Air cylinder
Gasoline Engines
PFJ igniter Improvement of Ignition

Ignition timing control of HCCI


combustion by Pulsed Flame Jet Spray combustion
Chemiluminescence spectroscopy
New concept of Internal Diesel Engines
Combustion Engines and Gas Turbine Engines Combustion Diagnosis
Vibration and Acoustics Lab.
Research topics
Active noise control in 3-dimentional sound field.
Machine system using electromagnetic force.
Flexible actuator using magnetic force.
Bio-signal processing for detecting human feeling.

Flexible Actuator driven by


electromagnetic force

Experiment of Active Noise Control in 3-Pole Active Magnetic Bearing


anechoic chamber Pulse sensor using infrared element
Mechanical Vibration Lab.
Research topics
A High-Performance Method of Vibration Analysis for Large-Scale Nonlinear Systems.
Hybrid Optimization Algorithm Using Generalized Transfer Stiffness Coefficient Method.
Prevention Method for Self-Excited Vibration.
Development of Mechanical Systems Using Self-Synchronized Phenomena.
Study on Subspace Control Based on Modal Analysis.
Nonlinear Pressure Wave Analysis by Concentrated Mass Model.
Vibration analysis of a nonlinear structure SA/GA hybrid optimization Prevention method for
(i -1)-th i-th
self-excited vibration
Stable 2nd mode individuals individuals
- - Unstable
Period- Doubling
1st mode Saddle- node
Maximum displacement (m)

0.01 Hop

0.005 4th mode

T 0 T1 T2 Tn T0
0
20 30
3rd mode
40
SA operation GA operation Pattern formation phenomena
Generation step
Frequency (Hz)
in contact rotating systems

Hand-held vibrating tools Subspace Control Nonlinear pressure wave analysis

i 1 5 Exp.
i

dpn(kPa)
i 1 i i +1 0
l A
x i 1 xi 5

10
0 0.01 0.02 0.03
time (s)
c
c 5 Cal.

dpn(kPa)
m m 0

cb cb 5

Tamping rammer Triple inverted pendulum 2-link flexible arm Concentrated mass model 10
0 0.01
time (s)
0.02 0.03
Structural Dynamics Lab.
Research topics
Diagnoses of machine structures by utilizing vibration characteristics.
Study on non-destructive evaluation by detecting ultrasonic frequency
modulation.
Vibrations of probe and its countermeasures used for the defect
detection of helical heating tubes in a fast breeder reactor.
Step-by-step integration scheme by utilizing the cardinal B-splines.
Dynamic response analysis by the transfer influence coefficient method.

Slack of coupling, fatigue crack cause serious


accidents Prevention of serious
Early detection of minute signs pertaining to disaster and accident
failure in vibration signals.

Broken axle of Rupture of wheel


roller coaster hub
(Mainichi newspaper, (http://www.carview.
provided by Osaka co.jp/news/2/51826)
police)
Analysis of Noise and Vibration of Internal Combustion Engine and Sound Quality Design

Prediction of vibration response and noise radiation of the internal combustion engine in the early design stage
R & D Goals
Improve the engine sound quality by use of this analytical method and diagnostic technique such as Wavelet analysis

Generation mechanisms of engine noise Prediction and reduction of mechanical Coupled vibration of the rotating shaft and engine block
exciting forces : example of the piston slap
Fv
Fc
FG
z



Fs

Ky
FG+FI
K
Ko

Ko Rotating shafts and Gear train


200
Measured

(m/s2)
Engine Block
Ko

Acc.
-200
0: Engine Block
1: Crankshaft 200
Calculated

(m/s2)
2: Intermediate Gear
3: Injection Pump
4: Intake and Exhaust

Acc.
Design procedure to improve engine sound quality Generation of wave form of engine noise Valve Train -200

Engine noise prediction and its evaluation


Start

Engine noise
prediction Structural Prediction of vibration and noise radiation
modification 103
Sound pressure P determined by boundary condition S
Generation
of engine Wavelet analysis 1 exp( jkrlm ) p exp( jkrlm )
noise Feature extraction
Structural Modification
Sound quality pl =
l s m
{ pm
n
(
rlm
) m
n rlm
}ds m l
V

waveform Regeneration assessment rlm

NG Vibration of the engine block surface


FrequencyHz

Evaluation m
Before change After change x ( ) = n a n ( ) = [ n ] Mode shape matrix
Fig1. Boundary element
method
= a ( )
Good &x&( ) = &a&( ) a = [L an L]t Modal response
vector
Sound pressure induced by engine block
Crank angle deg
vibration determined by BEM
p0 ( ) = 2 (H0 B H BB G BB G 0 B )n an ( )
1 rlm

Sound quality evaluation and fault detection by the Wavelet analysis l


10
Three cylinder Engine noise
FrequencykHz

diesel engine
engine event
Fuel injection

Timing of #2 cylinder Fig.2 BEM model of engine block


0
fuel injection -240 0 240 480 720
Before After Crank angle deg

Kyushu University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical Analysis Laboratory Home page http://qma.mech.kyushu-u.ac.jp/
Professor Kazuhide Ohta, TEL 092-802-3249 FAX 092-802-3249 E-mail: ohta.kazuhide.979@m.kyushu-u.ac.jp
Systems Mathematics & Engineering Lab.
Research topics
Theory of Systems Control.
Pole Assignment, Observer and Filter, Deadbeat Control, Fixed-Endpoint LQG Digital Control, Horizon Control,
Design of Control System using Mathematical Programming, Systematization of Digital Control by Fixed-Endpoint Approach
Swarm Intelligence & Soft Computing
Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) , Neural Network, Genetic Algorithm,
Multi-objective Optimization Problem.
Evolutionary multi-objective optimization (EMOO)
Robot Vision.
Computer Vision, Visual 3D Measurement, 3D Model Reconstruction, Hand-Eye System

Top Camera v

ut
Side Camera
Top Camea's Image

Workspace

v
Planning by Artificial v
ut
Ant Agents ut Side Cameas' Image

v, ut

Side Camera Side Camera Self-organizing


Maps

v : Position vectors of the end-effector


ut : Position vectorw of target
out: Joint angle vectors of the manipulator

Scheduling algorithm with ACO Self-Organizing Map Visual 3D Measurement


Vision-Manipulator System
Application to Railway System Control Application 3D Tracking of Non-rigid Object
Computational Mechanics Lab.
Research topics
Research and development for computer aided engineering simulation systems
Application to engineering problems such as structural, thermal, flow, and magnetic field analysis
Development of large-scale analysis systems using PC clusters and supercomputers
Development of multiphysics analysis systems
Development of numerical simulation systems for hydrogen dispersion behavior
Development of numerical simulation systems for a fuel cell

Fuel cell simulation systems


Hydrogen simulation systems
Improvement of FCV
Improvement of FCV fuel efficiency
Large-scale parallel analysis systems safety
- whole structure modeling
- speedup by parallelization
- high precision analysis
To transmit the results of research to society
as free and open-source software via the
Enhancement of manufacturing ADVENTURE project
industries by virtual experiments
http://adventure.sys.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
Toshiro Doi-
Doi-Professor
Manufacturing
ManufacturingProcess
Process Syuhei Kurokawa-
Kurokawa-Associate professor
Osamu Onishi-
Onishi-Associate professor
Precision
PrecisionMachining
MachiningLaboratory
Laboratory Education
FacultyManufacting Process Machine Tools,Creative
designDesign and Drafting of Machine Elements
Graduate schoolPrecision Machining,
Advanced Exercise in Manufacturing Process

Research An attempt to develop cutting-edge processing and measuring technologies, aiming to establish processing and
manufacturing processes for the advanced opto-mechatronics devices and machining components (using ultra-
precision processing and measuring technologies).
Study on the ultra-precision Mnufacturing technology
(1) (Chemical Mechanical Polishing) for opto-mechatronics device materials
(CMP machine, Slurry,Pad, Diamond tool, Silicon, SiC, Sapphire, etc.)
(2) Ultra-precision Manufacturing for machine elements and performance evaluation test
(Ultra-high-speed hobbing, Contact fatigue test, Coating tool, etc.)
(3) Micro-cutting and grinding processes with applications
Study on the ultra-precision measuring technology
(1) Measurement evaluation (Three-dimensional surface topography, Nanometer scale transmission error,
Wafer surface defects, etc.)
(2) R&D of new measuring instruments (Micro-rotary encoder, High-speed CNC CMM, etc.)
R&D of creative processing technology and machine
Bell-jar shaped CMP machine, Processing assisted by photo-catalytic reactions, CMP combined with electrolyzation,
Measurement of micro-Machine element , Nano-machining, MEMS, HPMJ(high pressure micro jet), Slurry recycling machine, Laser-
guided deep hole machining and measuring robot, Manufacturing equipment of ultra high pressure hydrogen tanks, Multi-axis
machine for micro-processing, Ultrasonic vibration spindle, Nano in-print, etc.

500m
500
Processing atmosphere-controlled CMP machine, m
assisted by photo catalytic and electro chemical Micro machining (micro Grating disks of a micro High speed and high precision Measuring equipment
actions hole, condensing device) rotary encoder machining of gears for deep holes
Tribology Laboratory (Prof. J. Sugimura, Dr. K. Yagi & Mr. H. Tanaka)
Machine Elements & Design Engineering Laboratory (Mr. T. Morita)

Machine Design for Energy, Environment and Importance of Machine elements


Safety
Machine life depends on
Structural design Interior design machine elements!!
Strength of materials Fluid Engineering
Fluid Engineering Thermal Engineering
Dynamics, Vibration Machine Elements Bearings, shafts, springs,
Thermal Engineering Human Engineering gears, crews, joints,
Machine Elements etc.
belts, seals, brakes, their
Manufacturing
etc. materials, etc.

Tribology

Science and technology of friction,


wear and lubrication
- for future interfacial technology

Engine design Wheel design Research Topics


Combustion, Thermal Engineering Strength of materials
Fuel Cell, Chemistry, Strength Dynamics, Vibration
Dynamics, Vibration, Control, Machine Elements
Surface engineering
Fluid Engineering, Manufacturing Manufacturing Novel lubrication concept
Electronics, Machine Elements Materials Soft materials for elements
etc. etc. Extreme environment
To seek scientific essence of human and bio-
Bionic Design Lab. systems and innovate biomedical and life support
technologies based on bionic design

Research topics
Elucidation of reasonability, optimization and adaptive mechanisms for the
structure and function in biological systems from viewpoint of bionic design.
Elucidation of adaptive multimode lubrication mechanism in natural synovial joints.
Evaluation and optimum design of joint prostheses and dental implants.
Biomechanics of natural and regenerated tissues with cell biomechanics.
Human care robotics and life support technologies.
Green technologies on biodegradable vegetable oils and hydrogen tribology.
Articular
cartilage
Joint
capsule
Articular
Cancellous cavity material defect
bone Effect of mechanical
Human Compression test of cartilage stimulus on cell culture
hip joint
Adsorbed film Biomechanics for tissues
Biphasic analysis for cartilage and cells
Gel layer

Chondrocyte
Shoulder strap
Collagen fibril
Attachment for
100 m 200 nm driving orthosis

Hierarchical structure in human orthosis

synovial joint Evaluation by knee joint simulator


Rehabilitation robotics
Biomechanical and biotribological Optimum design of joint
analyses of synovial joints prostheses Life support technologies
Nano-Micro Bioengineering Lab
The worlds smallest laser Research of ultramicro accurate device
Doppler blood flowsensor and bioengineering based on optical
in the world
MEMS
MEMS blood flow sensor
Reciever

PC
Application of MEMS blood flow sensor to
One-20th of preventing avian influenza
conventional sensor
size
We have developed the worlds smallest,
lightest, and least power-consuming laser
Doppler blood flow sensor, which optical module
is reduced to one three-hundredth of
conventional ones, by applying Micro Electro
Conventional sensor Developed sensor Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technologies and
novel ideas.
Micro displacement sensor
Hydrogen Utilization Processes Laboratory
Prof. K. Sasaki, Assistant Prof. Shiratori et al.

Research
Study on Laboratory
topics
High-Temperature Fuel Cells (SOFCs)
Carbon-free PEFC Catalyst
High electric efficiency & fuel flexibility
Fundamental studies to realize longer durability.
Evaluation of electrodes.
Studies on materials / system design principles

Microscopes
H
H
Studies on
Low-Temperature Fuel Cells (PEFCs)
Electric power units for automotive and
Fundamental Studies on Hydrogen Energy
portable applications
Related Technologies
Novel electrocatalysts and alternative materials.
Study on hydrogen sensors.
Cell performance evaluation & simulation studies.
Study on water electrolysis for hydrogen production.

You can learn research and development skills for fuel cells and related
technologies!
Fabrication of materials and cells Measurement of cell performance and durability
Microscopic characterization and various electrochemical / materials analysis
Prof. Ito, Associate Prof. Kitahara
Fuel Cell System Lab. and Assistant Prof. Nakajima
Catalyst
Fuel cell (FC) is a direct electricity generator from chemical Current Layer
Collector
energy of fuel, with high efficiency and low environmental Air
impact. This merit motivates FCs to be used as a main
generator in hydrogen energy age. FCs are expected as mobile,
vehicle, residential and dispersed power source. Although a
part of FCs has been utilized practically, cost, durability and Fuel
efficiency are still large concern. H2

Gas Gas
Against this backdrop, our laboratory advances globally Separator Diffusion Diffusion
Layer Layer Separator
competitive research and development on FC through
Anode MEA Cathode
mechanical engineering approach with the following keywords:
Structure of Polymer Electrolyte FC
Elucidation of mass, heat and charge transfer phenomena
Flooding Drying Thermal analysis material defect - -
solubility in electrolyte membrane Anode Cathode
Development of new proving technique for the elucidation. 2- 2-
H2 Air O2
Measurement of temperature distribution with micro TCs.
H2 2 + 1/2O 2
method Concentration and current distribution
2+
diagnostic with impedance measurement H2O Water
H2O
New proposal based on understanding the phenomena in cell. Catalyst Catalyst
Repellency optimization of porous layers Electrolyte
Advanced channel pattern Anode H2=2H++2e-
Feedback control for water management Cathode 1/2O2+2H++2e- =H2O

Hydrogen pump H2+1/2O2 =H2OElectrical Energy

Contact us! kohei@mech.kyushu-u.ac.jp Principle of fuel cell


http://www.mech.kyushu-u.ac.jp/lab/ki07/index.html
<OurAim>
<OurAim>
TorealizetheHydrogenEconomy,highlyefficientandsafe
TorealizetheHydrogenEconomy,highlyefficientandsafe
methodsofhydrogenstorage/transportationareinvestigated
methodsofhydrogenstorage/transportationareinvestigated ProfessorE.Akiba
<OurGoal>
<OurGoal>
Designanddevelopmentofnovelhydrogenstoragematerials
Designanddevelopmentofnovelhydrogenstoragematerials
<OurApproach>
<OurApproach>
Investigatemechanism
Investigatemechanism ofhydrogenabsorption
ofhydrogenabsorption
usingneutrons,
usingneutrons, variousmicroscopes,Ramanandsoon
variousmicroscopes,Ramanandsoon
Basedonscientificunderstandingnovelmaterialsarecreated
Basedonscientificunderstandingnovelmaterialsarecreated
tobeapplicableforhydrogenstorage/transportation
tobeapplicableforhydrogenstorage/transportation FuelCellVehicle:TOYOTAFCEV
Engineering
Engineering ofthematerialsIsalsodeveloped
ofthematerialsIsalsodeveloped TibasedhydrogenabsorbingalloythatProf.
AkibaandDr.Iba(TOYOTA)developedwas
collaboratedwithindustry
collaboratedwithindustry usedforonboardhydrogenstorage(October,
Thoughinternationalnetworkcreativeresearchiscarriedout
Thoughinternationalnetworkcreativeresearchiscarriedout 1996).Thecapacityof~3mass%isstillthe
largestamongmaterialsworkingatroom
temperature.
Diffusion ofHatom
Decomposition of
Hydrogenmoleculeto
atoms
Hydrideformation
Hydrogen
molecule(H2)
Mghydride:
ThematerialinvestigatedinthisLab
Adsorption onthesurface Surface Metalsublattice Blue:Mg,Pink:Hydrogen
Advanced Hydrogen Materials Lab.
Research topics
Influence of fillers on hydrogen penetration properties and blister fracture of rubber
composites for O-ring exposed to high-pressure hydrogen gas.
Evaluation of sealing behavior of rubber O-ring in high pressure hydrogen gas.
Development of rubber materials for diaphragm pump.
Analyses of polymer materials after high-pressure hydrogen exposure.
Seal Break Cross section
NBR

140 mm

5.5 mm
Seal breaks after 100MPa, Evaluation of sealing Development of high
30C 25 cycles Fracture behavior of rubber O-ring in frequency fatigue-resistant
Analyses of mechanism of blister fracture of rubber high pressure hydrogen gas rubber materials
materials during high-pressure hydrogen exposure
High reliability high-
High durability rubber materials for O-ring pressure hydrogen gas Long-life diaphragm
of high-pressure hydrogen gas vessels seal design pump for hydrogen gas

1H NMR
Hydrogen gas
Analyses of polymer materials by
NMR, IR, Raman spectroscopy Molecular design guidelines
and measurement of physical for polymer materials for
properties after high-pressure hydrogen energy system
hydrogen exposure
Air Liquide Industrial Chair on Hydrogen Structural Materials &
Fracture We are devoted to research on design method of hydrogen utilization machines
Research topics
Effect of hydrogen on fracture toughness of the materials
used for high pressure hydrogen gas storage container
and understanding the mechanism
Verification of design standard of
high pressure hydrogen storage container and data acquisition

Refueling hydrogen station


Fretting fatigue problems*
in refueling hydrogen gas station
and understanding the mechanisms
*Fretting fatigue is the phenomena combined friction and wear with small amplitude oscillating slip and
High pressure hydrogen gas storage container metal fatigue. It is a kind of contact fatigue.

Our goals

Actions

New design criteria based on fracture mechanics

This course is established by the endowment from AIR LIQUIDE (France) and JAPAN AIR LIQUIED
Materials design for hydrogen
Hydrogen Molecular Science Lab. energy systems based on
the molecular science

Research topics
Sintering of porous electrode for solid oxide fuel cell
Degradation mechanism of polymer electrolyte fuel cell
Reaction kinetics of hydrocarbon over metal surface
Sulfur poisoning/Carbon deposition on nickel anode for solid oxide fuel cell
Numerical analyses on transport phenomena in catalyst layer of polymer electrolyte fuel cell
Novel MOF electrocatalyst for direct ethanol oxidation without noble metal
Development of new quantum theory for H/D/T isotope effects analysis
Sulfur Poisoning on SOFC Anode Anode Activity Comparable with Pt
-Theoretical Elucidation of Mechanism-

material defect

Designing Durable SOFC Anode Designing Durable PEFC Cathode Noble Metal Free Fuel Cell Anode
Degradation Mechanism from Theoretical Study on Porous Materials Energy Beyond 202010.10
Side Chain of PEM for PEFC

New Method for Designing


Designing Durable PEFC Electrolyte Porous Structure Vision for Low Carbon Society