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HYDRAULIC TRIP SYSTEM  Over speed trip device 1 (10% RATED SPEED )  Over
HYDRAULIC TRIP SYSTEM  Over speed trip device 1 (10% RATED SPEED )  Over
HYDRAULIC TRIP SYSTEM  Over speed trip device 1 (10% RATED SPEED )  Over

HYDRAULIC TRIP SYSTEM

Over speed trip device 1 (10% RATED SPEED)

SYSTEM  Over speed trip device 1 (10% RATED SPEED )  Over speed trip device

Over speed trip device 2( 11% OF RATED SPEED)

CONDENSER VACUUM LO-LO

device 2 ( 11% OF RATED SPEED)  CONDENSER VACUUM LO-LO  Thrust Bearing trip device

Thrust Bearing trip device (AXIAL SHIFT)

SPEED)  CONDENSER VACUUM LO-LO  Thrust Bearing trip device ( AXIAL SHIFT) LOCAL TRIP OPERATED

LOCAL TRIP OPERATED FROM GOVERNING RACK

ELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL TRIP CONDITIONS TRIP CONDITIONS TRIP RELAY 1 TRIP RELAY 1 HYDRAULIC TRIP DEVICES

ELECTRICAL

ELECTRICAL

TRIP

CONDITIONS

TRIP

CONDITIONS

TRIP RELAY 1 TRIP RELAY 1 HYDRAULIC TRIP DEVICES TRIP SOLENOID 1 TURBINE TRIP VALVE
TRIP
RELAY 1
TRIP
RELAY 1
HYDRAULIC
TRIP
DEVICES
TRIP
SOLENOID 1
TURBINE
TRIP VALVE
STOP
VALVE

TRIP SOLENOID 2

TRIP RELAY 1 TRIP RELAY 1 HYDRAULIC TRIP DEVICES TRIP SOLENOID 1 TURBINE TRIP VALVE STOP
Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves Steam Stop Valve
Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves Steam Stop Valve
Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves Steam Stop Valve
Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves
Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves

Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves

Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves
Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves Steam
Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves Steam
Steam

Steam

Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves Steam
Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves Steam
Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves Steam
Action of Protection & Governing System on Turbine Stop & Control Valves Steam
Stop Valve Turbine Condenser
Stop
Valve
Turbine
Condenser

TripOil

Valves Steam Stop Valve Turbine Condenser TripOil Protection System Secondary oil Governing System Control

Protection

System

Stop Valve Turbine Condenser TripOil Protection System Secondary oil Governing System Control Valve Turbine Trip

Secondary oil

Governing

System

Control Valve

Protection System Secondary oil Governing System Control Valve Turbine Trip Logic Turbine Control Parameter Gen.
Protection System Secondary oil Governing System Control Valve Turbine Trip Logic Turbine Control Parameter Gen.

Turbine

Trip

Logic

Turbine

Control

Parameter

Gen.
Gen.
GOVERNING RACK

GOVERNING RACK

GOVERNING RACK
GOVERNING RACK
GOVERNING RACK
GOVERNING RACK

GOVERNING RACK

GOVERNING RACK
OVERSPEED TRIP BOLTS IN BEARING NO. 1 PEDESTAL
OVERSPEED TRIP BOLTS IN BEARING NO. 1 PEDESTAL

OVERSPEED TRIP BOLTS IN BEARING NO. 1 PEDESTAL

Electrical Trip
Electrical Trip
Electrical Trip
Electrical Trip
Electrical Trip
Electrical Trip
FIRE PROTECTION  Fire protection switch either in control room or in machine hall operated.
FIRE PROTECTION  Fire protection switch either in control room or in machine hall operated.
FIRE PROTECTION  Fire protection switch either in control room or in machine hall operated.

FIRE PROTECTION

FIRE PROTECTION  Fire protection switch either in control room or in machine hall operated. 

Fire protection switch either in control room or in machine hall operated.

Level in main oil tank falls to a very low value indicating substantial leakage of oil from the system.

HP EXHAUST TEMP HIGH • During startup/shutdown or load rejections, steam turbines are operated at
HP EXHAUST TEMP HIGH • During startup/shutdown or load rejections, steam turbines are operated at
HP EXHAUST TEMP HIGH • During startup/shutdown or load rejections, steam turbines are operated at

HP EXHAUST TEMP HIGH

During startup/shutdown or load rejections, steam turbines are operated at very low volumetric flows. Energy transmitted by the

turbine shaft is

converted to thermal energy, which in turn result

in an increase in the temp.of both the exhaust steam and turbine components.

AXIAL SHIFT VERY HIGH • A too high axial displacement of the turbine shaft may
AXIAL SHIFT VERY HIGH • A too high axial displacement of the turbine shaft may
AXIAL SHIFT VERY HIGH • A too high axial displacement of the turbine shaft may

AXIAL SHIFT VERY HIGH

A too high axial displacement of the turbine

shaft may cause damage to the turbine blades.

The axial shift is measured in both directions (±)

using three proximity probes.

HPT/IPT TOP BOTTOM TEMP HIGH Excessive large temp. differentials within

turbine components cause heat stresses. The

temp. differential between upper & lower parts of the turbine casing (HP and IP sections) is a

measure of casing distortion.

 EXTENDED TURBINE PROTECTION  a . Generator bushing level hi-hi > 90 mm b.
 EXTENDED TURBINE PROTECTION  a . Generator bushing level hi-hi > 90 mm b.
 EXTENDED TURBINE PROTECTION  a . Generator bushing level hi-hi > 90 mm b.

EXTENDED TURBINE PROTECTION

a. Generator bushing level hi-hi > 90 mm

b. Cold gas temp. behind cooler hi-hi > 55 deg C

c. Warm air temp. behind cooler hi-hi > 80 deg C

d. Seal oil temp. behind cooler hi-hi > 60 deg C

e. Primary water flow stator outlet lo-lo < 13.3 dm 3 /sec

f. Primary water flow at main bushing phase U,V,W lo-lo <0.37 dm 3 /sec

g. H.P. casing T/B 50 % diff. temp hi hi

h. I.P. casing front T/B 50 % diff. temp hi hi > +45 deg K

j. H.P. casing rear T/B 50 % diff. temp hi hi > +45 deg K

k. H.P. exhaust steam temp. hi-hi

>+45 deg K

> 500 deg C