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PROBLEM 2.

37
KNOWN: Temperature distribution in a semi-transparent medium subjected to radiative flux.
FIND: (a) Expressions for the heat flux at the front and rear surfaces, (b) Heat generation rate q& ( x ) ,
(c) Expression for absorbed radiation per unit surface area in terms of A, a, B, C, L, and k.
SCHEMATIC:

ASSUMPTIONS: (1) Steady-state conditions, (2) One-dimensional conduction in medium, (3)


Constant properties, (4) All laser irradiation is absorbed and can be characterized by an internal
volumetric heat generation term q& ( x ) .

ANALYSIS: (a) Knowing the temperature distribution, the surface heat fluxes are found using
Fouriers law,

dT A
qx = k = k - ( a ) e-ax + B
dx ka 2
A A
Front Surface, x=0: qx ( 0 ) = k + 1 + B = + kB <
ka a
A A
Rear Surface, x=L: qx ( L ) = k + e-aL + B = e-aL + kB . <
ka a
(b) The heat diffusion equation for the medium is
d dT q& d dT
+ =0 or &
q=-k
dx dx k dx dx
d A -ax
q& ( x ) = k + e + B = Ae-ax . <
dx ka
(c) Performing an energy balance on the medium,
E& in E& out + E& g = 0

& represents the absorbed irradiation. On a unit area basis


recognize that E g

( A
)
E& g = E& in + E& out = qx ( 0 ) + qx ( L ) = + 1 e-aL .
a
<
Alternatively, evaluate E & by integration over the volume of the medium,
g

L A
L
0
L
0
A
E& g = q& ( x )dx= Ae-ax dx=- e-ax =
a 0 a (
1 e-aL . )