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11.

Overview of GIS Implementation 3 hrs


Planning of a GIS project
Barriers to implementation
Successful key factors to implementation
Future of GIS
Major GIS Activities
Management of spatial data in various layers
Use of those data in various development activities
Management of utilities service by local authority
Use of spatial data for decision making
SDI development and spatial data sharing
Reliable and fast service delivery for spatial data sharing,
analysis and presentation
Major activities in Nepal
Land record management (digitalization of paper based data)
Topographical database preparation
Mapping and analysis of topography
Network analysis
Location based service delivery
Different spatial data management
Dissemination of spatial result
Use of GIS in Disaster risk reduction (earthquake)
Use of GIS by Government and non-government organization
Organizations using GIS
Survey Department
Forest Department
ICIMOD
CBS (Central Bureau of Statistics)
NPC (National Planning commission)
Nepal Police
Nepal Army
Armed Police force
Academic Institutions (Geography, environment, Geomatics
Engineering etc.)
Other Government and non government organizations
Development and Implementation
of GIS Projects
Planning
Scope
Resources
General Plan

Requirements Analysis
Users specific needs

Design
Database System
Organization and
Management
Resources
Acquisition and Development
Database System
Organization and Management
Resources

Operation and Maintenance


Planning
Important step in GIS Projects
Scope: scope, nature and role
Participants: person who involvement in designing, user and
stakeholders, management and policy makers
Resources: time money, labour, rough estimates
Requirement Analysis
Users requirements identifications
Design
Last part of the project steps
Database design
System design
Organization and management
Resources
Implementation Plan
Phase for implementation
 Creating an awareness

 System Evaluations

 Justifying the System Acquisition

 System Acquisition and Start Up

 Operational Phase
GIS development steps
The following are the steps of the GIS development:
 Needs Assessment

 Conceptual Design

 Survey of Available Data

 Survey of GIS Hardware and Software

 Database acquisition/conversion
 In-house vs. contract
 Costs
 Time constraints
GIS development steps
 Education and training
 Timing and nature of training
 Changes in organizational structure/workflow
 System acquisition

 System installation (Generally performed by vendors)

 Physical installation

 Equipment testing

 Software testing

 Network installation and testing.


GIS development steps
 Operational procedures
Day-to-day operation responsibilities
Maintenance of software and hardware
Problem resolution
Backup of database and software - disaster
recovery plan
System installation (Generally performed by
vendors)
Physical installation
Equipment testing
Software testing
Network installation and testing
 Pilot projects to test different systems
GIS development steps
 Test Pilot Dataset
 Provide test data to vendors
 Have them demonstrate their capabilities
 Hardware/software functions
 Processing capabilities
 Applications development
 Add additional functions to system (if required)
 GIS Use and Maintenance
Barriers to GIS Implementation
Barriers Consequences
Institutional/Organizational Insufficient Planning
Weakness Unclear Objectives
Inadequately Designed Systems
Human Shortage of Qualified Personnel
Factors Insufficient Support
Technologically Isolated
Other Problems related with human dynamics

Local Lack of Vendor Representation


Environment Lack of Technical Support
Implementation Problems

Changing Limited Hardware/Software


Technology Incompatibility
Lack or Professional Training
Life long learner

Funding Insufficient funding


Arrangements Underestimated Project Costs
Unfinished Projects
Understanding and Overcoming the
Barriers
 Geographic information system (GIS) Planning, implementation
and management can be a complex subject.
 It requires substantial background and skills, not only in GIS but in
Information Technology (IT), management, and project
management.
 One of the hardest aspects is putting all the pieces together
identifying, organizing, planning, and managing all the
components of GIS implementation and management.
 For a GIS effort to be successful, need to identify and understand
the barriers in our organizational context and all of these
components must be carefully coordinated and integrated
instead of putting the ad-hoc effort.
Future of GIS
Development of SDI
Web based GIS
Use of GIS in every sector for fast and reliable decision making
GIS projects for effective management of development
activities.