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Continuum Mechanics

Homework No.3 (due date : 2017-10-11)

1. A displacement field is given by

x 1 = X 1 + AX 2

x 2 = X 2 + AX 3 x 3 = X 3 + AX 1

where A is a constant. Calculate the Lagrangian linear strain tensor and Eulerian linear strain tensor. Compare them for the case when A is very small (A 2 can be negligible)

2. For each of the following sets of displacement gradients J, sketch the deformed position of an element which was initially a square in the x 1 x 2 plane with sides parallel to the axes.

0 0.01

0.01

0

0

0.01

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0.01 0

0

0

0

0.01

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

(1)

(2)

(3)

3. Consider a unit square block of material of thickness h as shown below. If the block is subjected to a loading that deforms the square block into the shape shown (no change in thickness)

(a)

Determine the deformation mapping

(b)

Compute the deformation gradient tensor at X = (1, 1, 0)

(c)

Compute the Right Cauchy-Green deformation tensor at X = (1, 1, 0)

(d)

Perform the polar decomposition to calculate the stretch and rotation tensors at X = (1, 1, 0)

(e)

Compute the Green-Lagrangian strain tensor at X = (1, 1, 0)

X

1

2

Green-Lagrangian strain tensor at X = (1 , 1 , 0) X 1 2 1 X
Green-Lagrangian strain tensor at X = (1 , 1 , 0) X 1 2 1 X
Green-Lagrangian strain tensor at X = (1 , 1 , 0) X 1 2 1 X
Green-Lagrangian strain tensor at X = (1 , 1 , 0) X 1 2 1 X

1

X 1

X

2

1

strain tensor at X = (1 , 1 , 0) X 1 2 1 X 1

c

3c

1
1
tensor at X = (1 , 1 , 0) X 1 2 1 X 1 X

X 1

4. Under the restriction of small deformation theory, E = e . Accordingly for displacement field given by

u = (X 1 X 3 ) 2 e 1 + (X 2 + X 3 ) 2 e 2 X 1 X 2 e 3

(4)

Determine the linear strain tensor and linear rotation tensor at the point P(0,2,-1)

2

5. The following displacement field is given :

u

u

u

1

2

3

=

=

=

AX 1 + 3X 2 3X 1 BX 2

5

Show that the given displacement field produces a state of plane strain, and find the relationship between A and B for which the dilatation becomes zero.

6. The state of strain throughout a continuum is specified by e given below. Are the compatibility equations for strain satisfied?

7. For the finite shear deformation:

where A is constant.

X

X

2

1

2

2

2

X

X 3

2

X 1 X 3 X

2

3

1 X 3

2

3

X

X

5

x

x

x

1

2

3

X X 2 + AX 3

= X 3 + AX 2

=

=

1

(5)

(a)

Show that the stretch ratio Λ X 1 is unity for line elements parallel to the X 1 axis.

(b)

Compute the stretch Λ for the diagonal direction of the infinitesimal square.

(c)

Using the polar decomposition to determine the symmetric stretch tensor U and rotation tensor R.

(d)

Discuss your results by drawing the deformed shape.