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Math 260

Exam 1

June 17, 2013

Answer the questions in the spaces provided on the question sheets. Please write in clear handwriting. Show all work.

Name:

1. Write the definition of following terms:

(a)

(3 points) A vector space V over a field K.

(b)

(1 point) The dimension of a vector space V over a field K.

(c)

(1 point) A subset S of a vector space V is a closed under addition if

(d)

(1 point) A subset S of a vector space V is a subspace of V if

Math 260

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June 17, 2013

(e)

(1 point) A linearly independent subset S = {x 1 , x 2 ,

,

x n } of a vector space V .

(f)

(1 point) Span of a subset S of a vector space V .

(g)

(1 point) If S is a subspace of a vector space V , then the subspace generated by S is

(h)

(1 point) A basis of a vector space V .

Math 260

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2. Prove the following two theorems in detail. (a) (5 points) If a vector space V is generated by a finite set S, then some subset of S is a basis for V .

Math 260

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(b) (5 points) Let V be a vector space that is generated by a set G containing exactly n elements. If L is a linearly independent subset of V , then L is finite and #(L) n.

Math 260

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3.

(a)

(5 points) Let V

= R 3 .

Then V

is a vector space over R.

Let S = {x 1 , x 2 , x 3 } be a subset of V ,

 

where x 1 = (2, 3, 1), x 2 = (1, 3/2, 2), and

x 3 = (0, 1/4, 0).

Show that S is a basis of V .

Also,

write ( 3, 4, π) as a linear combination of elements in set S.

 
 

(b)

Determine whether the follwing statements are true or false. Each question is worth 1 point each. i. If V is a vector space, then any singleton set consisting of a nonzero element in V is always linearly independent.

ii. If W 1 and W 2 are subspaces of V , then W 1 W 2 and W 1 W 2 are always subspaces of V .

iii. Let V = R 3 [X] = {f(X)|f(X) = a 0 + a 1 X 1 +

a 2 X 2 + a 3 X 3 , where a i R}. Then, the

subset

{−2, (X + 3), (5X 2 X + 1), (X 3 1), (X 3 + X 2 )} of V is a linearly independent over R.

iv. Any vector space has infinitely many distinct subspaces

v. If V is a vector space, and dim(V ) = n, then any linearly independent subset S of V satisfies the inequality #(S) n.

Math 260

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June 17, 2013

4.

(a)

(2 points) Let V be a vector space over a field K. Let S = {x 1 , x 2 ,

,

x n } be a linear independent

 

subset of V , and x be a vector in V such that x / span(S). Show that S∪{x} is linearly independent.

 

(b)

(2 points) Let V = R 3 be a vector space over R. subset of V . Show that W is a subspace of V .

Let W

= {(a, b, c)|b = 2a and c = 4a} be a

Math 260

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June 17, 2013

(c)

(3 points) Let V be a vector space over a field K.

Let S = {x 1 , x 2 ,

,

x n } be a subset of V .

Let

φ

: K n V be a function such that

φ((λ 1 , λ 2 ,

,

λ n )) = λ 1 x 1 +

λ 2 x 2 +

+ λ n x n .

Show that S is

linearly independent if and only if φ is injective.

 

(d)

(3 points) Let u and v be two nonzero vectors in V . Show that {u, v} is not linearly independent subset of V if and only if u span({v}) or v span({u}).