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PROJECT SYNOPSIS

AT

ABSENTEEISM
AT
JVR FORGINGS LIMITED, LUDHIANA
COMPANY PROFILE:

A PREFERRED TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT


PARTNER

JVR Forgings Limited, the Ludhiana based Indian Company is a technology-driven global
leader in metal forming, serving several sectors including Automotive, Construction & Railways
around the globe with a network of customers in more than 70 countries.

A revenue of US $ 65 million conglomerate with great work force; JVR today has the largest
repository of metallurgical knowledge in the region and offers full service supply capability to its
global marquee customers from conceptualization to product design, engineering, manufacturing,
testing and validation.Underlying the success of the group is an ethos of commitment to the
values of Quality, Service and Reliability. Continuous Innovation and close customer interaction
have enabled the group to consolidate its position at the leading edge of engineering
industry.Superior Industry experience, commitment to Quality and Strong Management Vision
defines the ground on which JVR is placed today.

Mission

To be a Global company providing Total Business Solutions through Quality Products, Systems
& Services in the field of Automobile, Railways, Bearing, Heavy Fabrication, Scaffolding,
Formwork, Construction & other Potential areas.Listed below here are several of our beliefs and
objectives:

Minimization of rework, rejection, resource wastages and hazards.


Promotion of business, environmental protection, health and safety related awareness.
Minimization of deviations for the effectiveness of integrated management system.
Encourage all interested parties to participate in the continual improvement programmed

Vision

To be the preferred source of components, sub assemblies and assemblies of Automobile


and Railway industry globally.
To upgrade the technology and process in line with customer requirements and be global
leader.

PRODUCTS

AUTOMOTIVE:

In 1996 to cater the ever increasing requirements of automotive industry JVR FORGINGS LTD.
came into existence under able guidance and vision of our Managing Director Mr. D P Gupta,
started a forging and fabrication unit initially today has the EML (Eastman Mettcast Ltd.) as its
casting unit servicing its variety of customers in over 65 countries across the globe with group
revenue of over Rs. 2750 Millions.
JVR FORGINGS has diversified its activities to manufacture hot forged and precision machined
components for automobile and engineering industries. JVR has emerged as a much sought as
we are supplier to OEMs in India and abroad.With a workforce of over 1000 persons we are
capable of producing a wide range of products like Drop arms, Gear shifting forks, End yokes,
Shafts, Gear blanks , Axle components etc. are based on manufacturing with complete in-house
facility.
Today, the presence of JVR FORGINGS Ltd. and its quality reaching so far and wide with its
impressive brand name has made its own name even in modernized developed and cost effective
markets and will continue to strive hard to make it more impeccable.

CONSTRUCTION:

In the fields of architecture and civil engineering, CONSTRUCTION is a process that consists of
the building or assembling of infrastructure. Far from being a single activity, large scale
construction is a feat of human multitasking. For the successful execution of a project, effective
planning is essential. Involved with the design and execution of the infrastructure in question
must consider the environmental of the job, the successful scheduling, budgeting, construction
site safety, availability of building materials, logistics, inconvenience to the public caused by
construction delays and bidding etc. for the same and to enhance the work ability we
manufacture the SCAFFOLDING & FORMWORK accessories of innovation and new design
which decreases the labor and increases the output from the project.

RAILWAYS:

Railway is emerging as prime mode of transport for the common people and good slike. The
demand for wagons, coaches and allied products is expected to further grow and sustain.
Effeciently forged and process safety components are the backbones of Rail Industry as it has to
fulfill the vital responsibility of transporting millions of human lives safely. JVR has gauged the
oppertunity and equipped itself with complete Infrastructure to fulfill the technical requirments
of rolling stock. JVR is catering to almost all the Indian Railway Zonel Stores.

CERTIFICATIONS:

JVR Forgings Limited an ISO 9001:2008 and ISO/TS 16949:2009 has established and applies a
Quality Management System for Manufacturing of Steel Forged, Machined and Fabriacated
metal components for Automotive, Railways, Industrial Scaffoldings and Genral Applications.

ISO 9001 : 2008


OHSAS-18001 : 2007

ISO/TS 16949 : 2009


INTRODUCTION TO THE TOPIC:

ABSENTEEISM:

Absenteeism is the failure of employees to report for work when they are scheduled to work.
Employees who are away from work on recognized holidays, vacations, approved leaves of
absence, or approved leaves of absence would not be included

According to labour Bureau, simla,absenteeism is the total man shifts lost because of absences
as a percentage of the total number of man shifts scheduled to work.

High absenteeism in the workplace may be indicative of poor morale, but absences can also be
caused by workplace hazards or sick building syndrome. Many employers use statistics such as
the Bradford factor that do not distinguish between genuine illness and absence for inappropriate
reasons.

As a result, many employees feel obliged to come to work while ill, and transmit communicable
diseases to their co-workers. This leads to even greater absenteeism and reduced productivity
among other workers who try to work while ill. Work forces often excuse absenteeism caused by
medical reasons if the worker supplies a doctor's note or other form of documentation.
Sometimes, people choose not to show up for work and do not call in advance, which businesses
may find to be unprofessional and inconsiderate.

This is called a "no call, no show". According to Nelson & Quick (2008) people who are
dissatisfied with their jobs are absent more frequently. They went on to say that the type of
dissatisfaction that most often leads employees to miss work is dissatisfaction with the work
itself.

Medical-based understanding of absenteeism find support in research that links absenteeism with
smoking, problem drinking, low back pain, and migraines. Absence ascribed to medical causes is
often still, at least in part, voluntary. Research shows that over one trillion dollars is lost annually
due to productivity shortages as a result of medical-related absenteeism, and that increased focus
on preventative wellness could reduce these costs.
Absenteeism is a serious problem for a management because it involves heavy additional
expenses. Reserves and understudies are kept in readiness to take the place of the absentees,
failing which the overhead cost of idle equipment has to be faced.

Industrial employees do not usually ask for leave of absence in advance or even give notice
during their absence as to how long they would be away. The management is generally uncertain
about the probable duration of an employees absence and cannot take appropriate measures to
fill the gap.

WORK AND ABSENTEEISM:

Absenteeism is understood as unauthorized absence from work. Stated differently, it amounts to


absenteeism when an employee is scheduled to work but fails to report for duty.

Algebraically, absenteeism is calculated thus:

Number of persons-days lost*100

Average number of persons*

Number of working days absenteeism obviously reduces the number of employees available for
work. If the absenteeism rate is four percent. Only 96 out of 100 people available for work. The
effect of absenteeism on the future supply of labour should be allowed for, and trends in
absenteeism should be analyzed to trace causes prescribe remedial actions.

The Causes Of Absenteeism In The Workplace

Absenteeism is an employees intentional or habitual absence from work. While employers


expect workers to miss a certain number of workdays each year, excessive absences can equate
to decreased productivity and can have a major effect on company finances, morale and other
factors. This article looks at the causes of absenteeism, the costs of lost productivity and what
employers can do to reduce absenteeism rates in the workplace.
Causes of Absenteeism

People miss work for a variety of reasons, many of which are legitimate and others less so. Some
of the common causes of absenteeism include (but are not limited to):

Bullying and harassment Employees who are bullied or harassed by coworkers and/or
bosses are more likely to call in sick to avoid the situation
Burnout, stress and low morale Heavy workloads, stressful meetings/presentations and
feelings of being unappreciated can cause employees to avoid going into work. Personal stress
(outside of work) can lead to absenteeism.
Childcare and eldercare Employees may be forced to miss work in order to stay home
and take care of a child/elder when normal arrangements have fallen through (for example, a
sick caregiver or a snow day at school) or if a child/elder is sick.
Depression According to the National Institute of Mental Health, the leading cause of
absenteeism in the United States is depression. Depression can lead to substance abuse if people
turn to drugs or alcohol to self-medicate their pain or anxiety.
Disengagement Employees who are not committed to their jobs, coworkers and/or the
company are more likely to miss work simply because they have no motivation to go.
Illness Injuries, illness and medical appointments are the most commonly reported reasons
for missing work (though not always the actual reason). Not surprisingly, each year during the
cold and flu season, there is a dramatic spike in absenteeism rates for both full-time and part-
time employees.
Injuries Accidents can occur on the job or outside of work, resulting in absences. In
addition to acute injuries, chronic injuries such as back and neck problems are a common cause
of absenteeism.

.Partial shifts Arriving late, leaving early and taking longer breaks than allowed are
considered forms of absenteeism and can affect productivity and workplace morale.
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

o Absenteeism is the problem for every organization and business. It creates cost and
productivity problem, puts an unfair burden of employees who show up for work, ultimately
hinders customer satisfaction, and drains the countrys economy.
o It has the problem of bottlenecks in work environment.
o Unauthorized or unscheduled absenteeism is a problem for organization or business. It
creates cost and productivity problems, puts an unfair burden on the majority of employees who
show up for work.

NEED OF THE STUDY:

By reducing the absenteeism it needs to increase the production level of the company.
Employee is the back born of the industry without them they cannot get profit .So the
study of employee absenteeism is needed.
To identify what are the reason for obtain employee absence.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:

To study the major causes for employee absenteeism is JVR FORGINGS LIMITED.

To study the job related reasons for employee absenteeism.

To find out whether compulsory leave is helps to reduce absenteeism.

To focus on how to overcome from employee absenteeism.

To study the causes which leads to absenteeism in the company

To provide suggestions to overcome from employee absenteeism.

REASERCH METHODOLGY:

RESEARCH

Research refers to search for knowledge. Research is an original contribution to the existing
stock of knowledge making for its advancement. It is the pursuit of truth with the help of study,
observation, comparison and experiment. In short, the search for knowledge through objective
and systematic method of finding solution of the problem is research.

Type of research: DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH

This research describes single event or characteristics or relates a few events or variables through
statistical analysis.

In my study I will relate a few events or variables through statistical analysis. The results will be
catered to broader decision interests in the organization, relates to policy, administration, and the
like.
Type of data:

Data collection consists of identification of sources of data and the use of instrument and
sampling to acquire data. There are two sources of data,

o Primary data
o Secondary data

PRIMARY DATA

Primary data are those which are collected afresh and for the first time, and thus happened to be
original in character. In case of descriptive research, research performs survey whether sample
survey or census survey, thus we obtain primary data either through:

Observation
Direct communication with respondent
Personal interview

SECONDARY DATA

Secondary data are those which have already been collected by someone else and have already
been passed through statistical process. Some sources of secondary data are Internet, web pages
and blogs, Published Printed Sources, Published Electronic Sources, Unpublished Personal
Records, Government Records, Public Sector Records.

In these two types of data I will use both primary and secondary data in my study.

SAMPLING METHOD:

By using of primary data my sample size is 200 in various departments and secondary data will
be collection through review of literature.
QUESTIONNAIRE:

There will be a set of questions, used as an instrument for seeking relevant information directly
from respondents. The questions pertain to one or more of characteristics of the respondent, like
behavior, demographic, knowledge, opinions, attitudes, beliefs and feelings.

TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES

In my study I will use the following tools for analysis i.e.

Percentage analysis

Target Population:-The study targets the staff of JVR FORGINGS LIMITED,


LUDHIANA

SAMPLING DESIGN:-

Sampling is the process of obtaining about an entire population by examining only a part of it.
Sampling plans calls for three decisions.

a) Sample unit
b) Sample size
c) Sampling procedure

The design to be adopted for the study will be based on convenient sampling. The population for
the study will consist of employees in the JVR FORGINGS LIMITED, LUDHIANA

SAMPLE UNIT: JVR FORGINGS LIMITED, LUDHIANA

SAMPLE SIZE: 200 employees

SAMPLING PROCEDURE:- For the study, respondent will be select on the basis of
random samplings
Questionnaire Format for Absenteeism of Employees

Below is the questionnaire format to find out the reasons of absenteeism of employees at JVR
FORGINGS LIMITED, LUDHIANA

Personal Information

Name (Optional)

Marital Status.

Monthly Income : 1. 25-30,000 2. 300001-35000 3.35000-40000 4.Above 40000

Age. Sex..

1) In which Cadre are you working in an organization

Executive Junior executive Non-executive

2) For how many years you are working with JVR FORGINGS LIMITED, LUDHIANA

(a) 0-1 yr (b) 1-2 yr


(c) 2-5 yr (d) < 5 yr

3) What are the reason for taking the leave :

Sickness Lack of interest in job


Poor working conditions Long working hours

4) What is the working condition of the Employees.?

Very good Good Average


Poor Very poor

5) What are the medical Provisions provided for the employees.?

Very good Good Average


Poor Very poor
6.) Your views on THE WELFARE FACILITIES PROVIDED FOR EMPLOYEES.
Very good Good Average
Poor Very poor

7.) Your views on THE LEAVE FACILITIES PROVIDED FOR THE EMPLOYEES.
Very good Good Average
Poor Very poor

8) Acc. to you what is the communication system followed in the company?


Very good Good Average
Poor Very poor

9) What is the SATISFACTION LEVEL ABOUT THE RESPONDENCE WAGE OR


SALARY?
Highly satisfied Satisfied Neutral
Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied

10) Your view regarding ABOUT THE MONOTONOUS OF WORK?


Highly satisfied Satisfied Neutral
Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied

11) What do you think ABOUT THE FREQUENCY OF APRECIATION OR REWARDS


RECEIVED BY THE EMPLOYEES?
Always Often
Some times Never

12) What is THE EMPLOYEES SATISFACTION WITH THE CURRENT WORK.


Highly satisfied Satisfied Neutral
Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied

13) Your views ABOUT THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMPLOYEE AND CO-
WORKERS.
Highly satisfied Satisfied Neutral
Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied
14) What do you think ABOUT THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMPLOYEES AND
SUPERVISORS
Highly satisfied Satisfied Neutral
Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied

15) Your thoughts on ABOUT THE WORK PRESSURE OF EMPLOYEES.


Very high High Medium
Low Very low

16.) What are the POSSIBILITINESS TO GET LEAVE?


Always Often
Some times Never

17) What are the TYPE OF LEAVE TAKEN BY EMPLOYEES?


Medical leave Casual leave Privilege leave
Compensatory leave All

18) What is the EMPLOYEES AWARENESS ABOUT LEAVE FACILITIES?


Yes No

19) What are your views on ABOUT THE ABSENTEEISM MANAGEMENT IN

THE ORGANIZATION.
Payment to work on holidays Have a temporary staff
Use over time in case of vacancy Provide training
Others

20) Acc. to you what you think ABOUT THE EMPLOYEE OPINION TO
REDUCE ABSETEEISM.
Change management style Change working condition
Provide incentives. Extra working to be controlled Others

21) What are the MOTIVATING FACTORS OF EMPLOYEES TO ATTEND WORK


REGULARLY

Good employer relations Work environment Future prospects


Recognition of work Monitory rewards provide based on attendance
22) Your views on ABOUT THE IMPACT OF COMULSORY LEAVE IN WORK LIFE

BALANCE.
Highly agree. Agree. Neutral.
Disagree.

23) Acc. to you WHETHER COMPULSORY LEAVE IS THE MOTIVATING


FACTOR.
Highly agree. Agree. Neutral.
Disagree.

24) Do you think UTILISATION OF COMPULSORY LEAVE IS HELPS TO CLAIM


LTA:
Yes No
BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Managing Human Resources, Tata McGraw - Bohlander,

2. Personnel Management by C B Mamoria.

3. Research Methodology C.R Kothari

4. Statistical Method by S.P Gupta

5. Human Resource and Personnel Management - ,Tata McGraw Hill ,K. Aswathappa,

WebSites:

1. www.citehr.com
2. www.askforhrd.com
3. http://jvrforgings.com/