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Acute gastroenteritis could be more simply called a long, and potentially lethal bout of stomac flu.

The most common


symptoms are diarrhea,vomiting and stomach pain, because whatever causes the condition inflames the gastrointestinal
tract. Acute gastroenteritis is quite common among children, though it is certainly possible for adults to suffer from it
as well. While most cases of gastroenteritis last a few days, acute gastroenteritis can last for weeks and months.

Numerous things may cause acute gastroenteritis. Bacterial infection is frequently a factor, and infection by parasites
like giardis can cause acute gastroenteritis to last for several weeks. Viruses can also cause lengthy stomach flu
particularly rotaviruses and noroviruses. Accidental poisoning or exposure to toxins may also instigate acute
gastroenteritis as well.

Gastroenteritis can be of viral, bacterial, or parasitic origin. They can result in fever, stomach pain, diarrhea and
vomiting. Though most people will completely recover from gastroenteritis caused by viruses, gastroenteritis caused by
bacterial or parasitic infection may be far more serious and requires special treatment.

Any case of gastroenteritis can cause dehydration. Drinking eight to twelve glasses of fluids a day can help reduce this
risk. The very young and the elderly are at increased risk for this complication of gastroenteritis. Fluid intake should be
monitored carefully. If inadequate fluids are received, then hospitalization may be necessary to give intravenous (IV)
fluids.

gastroenteritis is a catchall term for infection or irritation of the digestive tract, particularly the stomach and intestine.
It is frequently referred to as the stomach or intestinal flu, although the flu virus is not associated with this illness.
Major symptoms include n/v , diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. These symptoms are sometimes also accompanied by
fever and overall weakness. Gastroenteritis typically lasts about three days. Adults usually recover without problem,
but children, the elderly, and anyone with an underlying disease are more vulnerable to complications such as
dehydration

Gastroenteritis arises from ingestion of viruses, certain bacteria, or parasites. Food that has spoiled may also cause
illness. Certain medications and excessive alcohol can irritate the digestive tract to the point of inducing gastroenteritis.
Regardless of the cause, the symptoms of gastroenteritis include diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, and abdominal pain
and cramps. Sufferers may also experience bloating, low fever, and overall tiredness. Typically, the symptoms last only
two to three days, but some viruses may last up to a week.
A usual bout of gastroenteritis shouldn't require a visit to the doctor. However, medical treatment is essential if
symptoms worsen or if there are complications. Infants, young children, the elderly, and persons with underlying
disease require special attention in this regard.
The greatest danger presented by gastroenteritis is dehydration. The loss of fluids through diarrhea and vomiting can
upset the body's electrolyte balance, leading to potentially life-threatening problems such as heart beat abnormalities
(arrhythmia). The risk of dehydration increases as symptoms are prolonged. Dehydration should be suspected if dry
mouth, increased or excessive thirst, or scanty urination is experienced.
If symptoms do not resolve within a week, an infection or disorder more serious than gastroenteritis may be involved.
Symptoms of great concern include a high fever (102 ° F [38.9 °C] or above), blood or mucus in the diarrhea, blood in
the vomit, and severe abdominal pain or swelling. These symptoms require prompt medical attention.

gastroenteritis
an inflammation of the stomach and intestines accompanying numerous GI disorders. Symptoms are anorexia, nausea,
vomiting, fever (depending on causative factor), abdominal discomfort, and diarrhea. The condition may be caused by
bacterial enterotoxins, bacterial or viral invasion, chemical toxins, or miscellaneous conditions, such as lactose
intolerance. The onset may be slow, but more often it is abrupt and violent, with rapid loss of fluids and electrolytes
caused by persistent vomiting and diarrhea. Hypokalemia and hyponatremia, acidosis, or alkalosis may develop.
Treatment is supportive and includes bed rest, sedation, IV replacement of electrolytes, and antispasmodic medication
to control vomiting and diarrhea. With a precise diagnosis, medication and treatment can be specific and curative, such
as an antitoxin prescribed for gastroenteritis resulting from a bacterial endotoxin. After the acute phase, water may be
given by mouth. If it produces no vomiting or diarrhea, clear fluids may be added, followed, if tolerated, by a diet of
foods that appeal to the patient and do not cause symptoms.