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11. Department of Educational Measurement and Evaluation Examinations are the most vital part of any

11. Department of Educational Measurement and Evaluation

Examinations are the most vital part of any process of education. Keeping this in view the NCERT undertakes many programmes related to educational measurement and evaluation particularly in the area of ‘Examination Reforms’. The programmes are specially focused on research, development of material related to educational evaluation, training of key resource persons in the area of educational evaluation, providing academic and technical support to both educational and examining agencies in the States/UTs.

The Department's vision is to institutionalise evaluation as a powerful, inexpensive, valid and reliable instrument for assessing students' performance with regard to their growth, development and achievement in different areas. Besides, evaluation is to be used as an effective instructional strategy for bringing about qualitative improvement in education. The department also visualises that the evaluation process must be humane, learner friendly, transparent and stress

free with a view to making it more credible. It should also cater to the needs of creative talent in diversified fields. In functional terms it would mean :

The introduction of school based evaluation in order to reduce over emphasis on public examinations and in turn to minimise stress on the students due to fear and curriculum load.

Provision of flexibility in the conduct of examinations in terms of time, number of chances and the number of subjects to be taken up for examination at a time.

Provision to make the public examination optional at Class X level.

and

Introduction

of

grading

eliminating the system of pass and fail.

Evolving a system of evaluation which is both continuous and comprehensive. Continuous would mean integrating evaluation with teaching and learning and making it a part of instructional strategy to get the feedback frequently on student performance, teacher performance, curriculum and materials with a purpose of providing corrective measures. Comprehensive would mean that the evaluation would encompass all the dimensions of pupil growth i.e. cognitive, affective and psychomotor.

Improving the typology of questions in testing in order to test meta- cognitive skills and to make evaluation more reliable and valid.

Conduct of periodic achievement surveys at different stages of school education to keep a tab on the health

75

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION

of the system. This would also help to evolve a Systemic Quality Index (SQI) as a means of situating students' achievement in a web of data about socio-economic and systemic conditions in different states and regions.

Building capacity of teachers in different aspects of educational evaluation.

Undertaking need-based research in educational evaluation.

Developing conceptual and exemplar materials in evaluation to strengthen evaluation procedures in schools and Boards.

Sensitising stakeholders that evaluation has to be learner friendly and humane.

Identifying talent from diversified groups like rural, urban, boys, girls, socially and economically disadvantaged, children with special needs and school dropouts.

Nurturing the identified talent through financial and academic assistance.

Striving to evolve into a National Evaluation Organisation in due course of time.

MAJOR ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT DURING

2005-2006

Research

Development and Tryout of Diagnostic Tests in Languages and Mathematics at Primary Stage :

Exemplar Diagnostic Tests in Languages (English and Hindi) and Mathematics for Class III have been developed in English medium. The number of tests is approximately 30 in each subject.

Analysis of the Performance of Students Appearing in Public Examination from Rural Schools : The study was taken up with a view to know the performance of students who

taken up with a view to know the performance of students who Capacity Building Programme for

Capacity Building Programme for Item Writers (L to R) Prof. Sarla Rajput, Head DEME, Sangthanmawii, Joint Director, SCERT, Malsawmthangi, Director School Education, Dr. Y. Sreekanth, Dr. A.D. Tewari and Dr. Santosh Kumar, DEME

Director, SCERT, Malsawmthangi, Director School Education, Dr. Y. Sreekanth, Dr. A.D. Tewari and Dr. Santosh Kumar,
76 A NNUAL R EPORT 2005–06 appeared for examination from rural schools and to examine

76

ANNUAL REPORT 2005–06

appeared for examination from rural schools and to examine the trends in achievement over last five years. The related data was collected from Madhya Pradesh which was analysed in the light of objectives of the study. The report of the study has been prepared.

A Study of the Performance of Awardees in NTS Examination vis-à- vis Performance in Secondary Board Examination : The data received from NTS section of the Department has been analysed on computer in the light of the objectives of the study. The report of the programme is in the process of preparation.

Mid-Term Achievement Survey at the End of Class V : This study is under SSA conducted to gauge the achievement of students in three curricular areas i.e. Language, Mathematics and Environment Studies. Test and questionnaires were administered in all States and UTs and data is being collected.

Baseline Achievement Survey at the End of Class III under SSA : This study is undertaken under SSA. The data of one lakh students, 5300 schools and 9000 teachers was collected and analysed. The

achievement of students in two curricular areas of Language and Mathematics was assessed. The National Report was shared with MHRD and 4th Joint Review Mission under SSA.

Achievement Survey at the End of Upper Primary Stage : The data received from the Computer Centre of the Council has been handed over to computer agency outsourced its services

for data analysis as per analysis plan. The

firm has been given time till mid-July for preparing tables in the desired format.

States and National Report will be raised

on receipt of the data in the analysed form.

World Education Indicators — Survey of Primary Schools in India : The survey has been conducted in four States namely, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. The three questionnaires namely, School, Teacher and Annex to Teacher were adapted and translated in three languages namely, Hindi, Assamese and Tamil. The questionnaires were administered to teachers, teaching Class

IV in about 1100 sampled schools from

the four States. The data has been

forwarded to UIS for analysis.

States. The data has been forwarded to UIS for analysis. Nurturance Programme for NTS Awardees :

Nurturance Programme for NTS Awardees : Valedictory Function (L to R) Dr. Balaveera Reddy, Vice Chancellor of Visweshwaraiah Technological University Belgaum, Dr. Veer Pal Singh, Dr. Y. Sreekanth (DEME), Shri AVS Murthy, Hony. Secretary RSS Trust and Dr. Bhaskara, Principal R.V. Teachers College, Bangalore

77

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION

Development

Seminar-cum-Workshop for Review of National Talent Search Scheme : A Seminar-cum-Workshop for Review of NTS Scheme was organised from 16.11.2005 to 19.11.2005. The first two days were devoted to paper presentation on the concept of talent, researches in talent search and scheme preparation while during last two days a modified scheme of talent search was marked out. After the seminar a discussion paper on the NTS scheme was developed containing the two proposed schemes for National Talent Search — one at the end of class VIII and the other at the end of class XII. The paper was widely circulated for discussion.

Tryout and Finalisation of Distance Education Course Material for Certificate in Educational Evaluation :

The objective of the project was to try out and finalise the distance education course material for certificate course in educational evaluation. For this, the course material was sent to target teachers to get feedback and a workshop was called for the purpose. On the basis of feedback, the distance education course material in educational evaluation has been finalised.

Training and Extension

Capacity Building in Educational Evaluation : Under this programme the department organised two training programmes for the key resource persons/paper setters of the Boards of Jammu & Kashmir and Goa. An orientation programme for teachers of SC dominated areas of Uttar Pradesh in Educational Evaluation was organised at SCERT, Lucknow. Capacity Building Programme for Primary School Teachers of Tribal Areas of Madhya Pradesh in CCE was also organised. Capacity Building Programmes for state resource persons in

error analysis in Social Sciences and Languages, question paper analysis and preparing detailed marking scheme, and writing items for MAT and SAT were organised for Manipur, Punjab and Mizoram states respectively.

Implementation of the Pilot Programme of National Talent Search Scheme for School Dropouts : NCERT conducted examination for National Talent Promotion Scheme for School Dropouts to award 100 scholarships. The scheme was launched for a period of one year on a trial basis.

Chacha Nehru Scholarship for Artistic and Innovative Excellence :

NCERT launched a new scheme namely Chacha Nehru Scholarship for Artistic and Innovative Excellence for award of 150 scholarships to the students studying in Classes IX to XII. The scheme is launched in collaboration with National Bal Bhawan. The scholarship will be awarded to the students in the field of Creative Performance, Creative Arts, Creative Scientific Innovation and Creative Writing who participated in Bal Shree Programme at the national level of National Bal Bhawan.

Conduct of Nurturance Programme for NTS Awardees : Two Nurturance Programmes for NTS awardees were conducted one each for Karnataka at Bangalore from 26-30 December 2005 and the other for North Eastern States at Shillong from 27-31 December 2005. These programmes were aimed at content enrichment and personality development of the NTS awardees.

Scholarship and Awards : The department conducts National Talent Search Examination and awards scholarships to the selected 1,000 students every year. Out of these 225 scholarships are reserved for SC and ST awardees. This year also the examination was conducted and

year. Out of these 225 scholarships are reserved for SC and ST awardees. This year also
78 A NNUAL R EPORT 2005–06 NTS Awardees in Nurturance Programme scholarships were awarded. The

78

ANNUAL REPORT 2005–06

78 A NNUAL R EPORT 2005–06 NTS Awardees in Nurturance Programme scholarships were awarded. The table

NTS Awardees in Nurturance Programme

scholarships were awarded. The table indicating state-wise number of scholarships awarded during 2005-2006 is given on page 79.

SAT for State Level NTS examination. She contributed in the Seminar-cum- Workshop for Review of National Talent Search Scheme. A Handbook titled

Major Contributions of the Faculty

"What Primary Teachers Need to Know about School-based Evaluation", is

Prof. Sarla Rajput , Head was

under print and a paper titled

associated with different Achievement Surveys. She acted as a member of NEGAEE and attended various meetings

"Feasibility Study of Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment of Primary Students" published in Studies in Educational Evaluation, Vol. 31 (Israel)

to

develop Systemic Quality Indicators.

She finalised two units of the Distance

are to her credit.

Education Course material for Certificate

Prof. Mamta Agrawal coordinated the

in

Educational Evaluation for Secondary

activity of the try-out of the Distance

Teachers. She coordinated one capacity

Education Course Material in

building programme for teachers

Educational Evaluation and organised a

teaching tribal students in tribal dominated areas of Madhya Pradesh. Besides, she worked as a team member

feedback contact programme to finalise the material. She organised the Seminar- cum-Workshop for the Review of National

in

the programmes conducted with J &

Talent Search Scheme in November 2005

K

Board, Manipur Board and U.P.

and developed two papers in co-

SCERT. She also acted as team member

authorship. She also prepared the

in

the programme with Mizoram SCERT

discussion paper on NTS Scheme. She

for orienting paper setters in MAT and

coordinated the programme on Error

79

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION

State-wise and Category-wise NTS Scholarships awarded during 2005-2006

S.No.

State/UT

General

SC

ST

Total

1.

Arunachal Pradesh

2

0

2

4

2.

Assam

4

2

5

11

3.

Manipur

0

1

1

2

4.

Meghalaya

0

0

3

3

5.

Mizoram

0

0

3

3

6.

Nagaland

0

0

1

1

7.

Sikkim

1

0

0

1

8.

Tripura

0

0

1

1

9.

A & N Islands

0

0

0

0

10.

Bihar

17

2

1

20

11.

Jharkhand

26

3

11

40

12.

Orissa

40

3

5

48

13.

West Bengal

14

18

3

35

14.

Chandigarh

6

2

0

8

15.

Delhi

26

5

3

34

16.

Jammu & Kashmir

2

0

0

2

17.

Haryana

43

3

0

46

18.

Himachal Pradesh

1

1

1

3

19.

Punjab

49

9

0

58

20.

Rajasthan

75

8

6

89

21.

Uttar Pradesh

60

9

1

70

22.

Uttaranchal

14

3

1

18

23.

Chhattisgarh

27

5

1

33

24.

Daman & Diu

0

0

0

0

25.

D & N Haveli

0

0

0

0

26.

Goa

8

0

0

8

27.

Gujarat

15

2

2

19

28.

Madhya Pradesh

8

0

0

8

29.

Maharashtra

169

42

15

226

30.

Andhra Pradesh

7

2

2

11

31.

Karnataka

64

17

7

88

32.

Kerala

50

10

0

60

33.

Lakshadweep

0

0

0

0

34.

Pondicherry

1

1

0

2

35.

Tamil Nadu

32

13

3

48

36.

Abroad

0

0

0

0

 

Total

761

161

78

1000

Analysis in Languages and Social Sciences for the Manipur Board of School Education. She also contributed in Capacity Building programmes in the area of evaluation organised for the states of Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. She was one of the team

members in the Development and Try out of Diagnostic Tests for Class III. She contributed two papers, "Changing the Typology of Questions", and "Pupil Evaluation in Indian School Curriculum:

A Changing Perspective" for publication in the Journal of Indian Education.

Evaluation in Indian School Curriculum: A Changing Perspective" for publication in the Journal of Indian Education.
80 A NNUAL R EPORT 2005–06 Prof. V.P. Gupta conducted the research study entitled, "Performance

80

ANNUAL REPORT 2005–06

Prof. V.P. Gupta conducted the research study entitled, "Performance of Students appearing in Public Examination from Rural Schools." The report on the performance of rural students vis-à-vis urban students appeared in public examination of Class X from Board of School Education, Bhopal (M.P.) was prepared. He conducted two orientation/ training programmes for the Punjab and Goa Boards of School Education for capacity building of key resource persons in framing good questions and paper

setting for public examination of Classes

X and XII. In addition, being the member

secretary of the Focus Group on Early Childhood Education, meeting of the Group was organised to evolve a road map on action plan visualised in the position paper.

Prof. V.K. Jain planned and organised the Second Level National Talent Search Examination and NTPS 2006 as In-charge of National Talent Search Scheme. He also developed the new scheme 'Chacha Nehru Scholarship for Artistic and Innovative Excellence' for award of 150 scholarships to students

studying in Classes IX to XII. The Scheme

is launched in collaboration with National

Bal Bhawan. The scholarship will be awarded to students in the field of Creative Peformance, Creative Arts, Creative Scientific Innovation and Creative Writing who participated in Bal Shree Programme at National Level of National Bal Bhawan.

He is also the National Project Manager of the project 'World Education Indicators — Survey of Primary Schools' being conducted in 14 countries to compare how primary education is provided in different national settings.

Dr. A.D. Tewari, Reader was programme

coordinator of three programmes, i.e. two research and one extension during 2005-

2006. He was associated in one research

and two development and three capacity

building programmes of the department as a team member. He attended the

'National Conference on Pupil Assessment System at Elementary Level' and 'National Seminar-cum-Workshop for Review of National Talent Search Scheme' and contributed two papers. A research paper (joint author) titled, 'Feasibility Study of Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment of Primary Students' was published in 'Studies in Educational Evaluation', Vol. 31 (Israel)? He was involved in the review of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) Scheme of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) and, development of self learning modules on CCE under DEP/SSA by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU).

Dr. Santosh Kumar, Reader was Programme Coordinator of one research programme titled "Development of Diagnostic Tests in Languages and Mathematics" for Class III. She was associated with all achievement surveys under this department as a team member and she was associated as resource person in five training/ capacity building programmes of the department. Two research papers were also published as joint author. She was involved in the review of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) scheme of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) and development of self learning modules on CCE under Distance Education Programme (DEP)/ SSA by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU).

Dr. Veer Pal Singh, Reader coordinated three Capacity Building programmes for Key Resource Persons, on question setting, Paper Setting and Educational Evaluation. He worked as a team member for research projects viz. Baseline Achievement Survey at the end of Class III - MHRD Project and Development and Try-out of Diagnostic Tests in Languages and Mathematics at Primary Stage. He worked as co- coordinator for the programme "Try-out and Finalisation of Distance Education Course Material for Certificate in

81

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION

Educational Evaluation". He contributed an article entitled "Managing Examination Stress to Attain Success" in the Journal of Community Guidance and Research, 22(3), 276-291, November, 2005. A paper was also presented on "Identification of Talent at Secondary Level" in a national level seminar-cum-workshop for review of NTS Scheme organised by NCERT. He also acted as coordinator for five-day Nurturance Programme for NTS Awardees held at Bangalore in December 2005.

Dr. K.Chandrasekhar, Lecturer was coordinator for a programme entitled "Capacity Building of Key Resource Persons of Punjab School Education Board in the Analysis of Question Papers and Marking Scheme". He was involved as a team member in research projects namely "A Study of the Performance of Awardees in NTS Examination vis-à-vis Performance in Secondary Board Examination" and "Achievement Survey at the End of Upper Primary Stage". He organised a four-day training programme on 'Capacity Building of KRPs of Punjab School Education Board in the Analysis of Question Papers and

Marking Scheme. He published papers entitled 'Evaluation Practices at Elementary School Level Across the States' in Experiments in Education, Vol. XXXIV, No.2 (as one of the authors). 'Role of Parents, Teachers and Students in Strengthening Value Education' in a book titled 'Value Oriented Education' published by Discovery Publishing House, New Delhi. pp :123-130. 'A Report of Analysis of Question Papers and Marking Scheme for Class X'. (Printed) (Coordinator of the Programme). Dr. Y. Sreekanth, Lecturer worked as Team Member of Mid-term Achievement Survey at the end of Class V. He was involved as one of the Authors in preparation of Practical Geography Book for Class XI. He was Coordinator of Capacity Building of the Item Writers of Mizoram in SAT and MAT of NTSE held in Mizoram. He presented paper titled "Environment and Learning" in the International Conference on Environ- mental Management (ICEM-2005) held at JNTU, Hyderabad. He acted as co- coordinator of Five-day Nurturance Programme for NTS Awardees held at Bangalore in December 2005.

He acted as co- coordinator of Five-day Nurturance Programme for NTS Awardees held at Bangalore in