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Construction Skills

Certification Scheme
Managers & Professionals
Study Pack

2015
Contents

Introduction
About the test 2
Preparing for a test 3
Booking a test 4
Taking a test 5
A : Legal and management
01 General responsibilities 7
02 Accident reporting and recording 14
03 Emergency procedures and first aid 18
B : Health and welfare
04 Health and welfare 24
05 Personal protective equipment 28
06 Dust and fumes (Respiratory risks) 32
07 Noise and vibration 36
08 Hazardous substances 40
09 Manual handling 46
C : General safety
10 Safety signs and signals 50
11 Fire prevention and control 54
12 Electrical safety and hand-held tools and equipment 58
13 Site transport safety 62
D : High risk activities
14 Working at height 68
15 Excavations and confined spaces 77
E : Environment
16 Environment awareness and waste control 84
F : Specialist activities
The following specialist activities are included within the managers and professional test and all
need to be revised.
17 Legal and other requirements 92
18 Demolition 97
19 Plumbing or gas 101
20 Highway works 104

1
About the test

About the test

The MGKT Health, safety and environment test helps raise standards across the industry. It
ensures that the workforce meets a minimum level of health, safety and environmental awareness
before going on site. It should be used as a stepping stone, encouraging employers and their
workforce to go on and develop their knowledge even further.

The Managers and Professionals test last for 45 minutes and have 50 multiple-choice questions
including:

40 knowledge questions to check your knowledge of health, safety and environment


issues (presented in Section A to E of this book).
12 behavioural case study questions incorporated within the 40 core questions &,
10 questions from the Specialist section (presented in Section F of this book)

Managers and professional are expected to study all areas of this study-pack to achieve a pass in
the examination.

What are the behavioural case study question?

The behavioural case study questions are designed to test how you respond to health and safety
situations on a construction site. They are based on the principles established in the film Setting-
out (Available on the Server) and what you should expect from a site and what they expect from
you.

Every test includes three case studies, each of which has four linked multiple-choice questions.
These progress through a fictional situation faced by an individual working in the construction
industry.

What are the knowledge questions?

The knowledge questions cover 16 core areas (presented in section A-E of this book) that are
included in all the tests. These questions are very factual. For example, they will ask you to identify
fire extinguishers and signs. There is an addition knowledge question bank of each specialist tests.

You will not need a detailed knowledge of the exact content or working of any regulation.
However, you will need to show that you know what is required of you, the things you must do (or
not do), and what to do in certain circumstances (for example, discovering an accident).

Many of the questions refer to the duties of employers. In law, self-employed can have same legal
responsibilities as employers. To keep the questions as brief as possible, the content only refers to
the duties of employers but the questions apply to both.

What is a multiple-choice question?

The test is made up of multiple-choice questions. This means you will need to select the answer
you think is correct from a set of possible answers.

Most questions will ask you to select a single answer. However, some of the knowledge questions
will ask you to select multiple answers. This will always be clearly stated in the question.

2
Preparing for a test

Who writes the questions?

The question bank is developed by industry-recognised organisations.

Will the questions change?

Health, safety and environment legislation, regulations and best practice will change from time to
time, but MGKT makes every effort to keep the best and the revision material up to date.

You will not be tested on questions that are deemed to no longer be appropriate.
You will be tested on knowledge questions presented in the most up to date edition of the
book. To revise effectively for the test you should use the latest edition.

Preparing for a test


These are a number of ways you can prepare for your test.

Operatives Specialists Supervisors Managers

Available on the MGKT Server


Watch Setting out

MGKT test for operatives and specialists HS&E test for


managers and
Read the question professionals A-F
and answer books

How can I increase my chance of success?

Prepare using the recommended revision materials, working through all the knowledge
questions.
Watch the Setting out file to prepare for the behavioural case study questions.
Book your test when you are confident with your topics and questions if a test date has not
been pre-scheduled.

3
Booking a test

Booking a test

Tests that have not been pre-scheduled can be booked by contacting the Safety Department by
telephone. You will be given the date and time of your test shall then be sent to you within two
weeks.

Complete and mail the application form. It is important that you check the details (including the
type of test e.g. operatives, specialist manager & professional and return to the safety
department.

What information do I need to book a test?

To book a test you should have the following information to hand:

Which test you need to take


Whether you require any special assistance
Your site address details

Where can I take a test?

To sit Health, safety and environment test you will need to visit an MGKT Test centre e.g.
Cochrane, Southgate etc.

You will be notified of the venue, date and your attendance times.

Is there any special assistance available when taking the test?

The managers and professionals test does not allow foreign language assistance because a basic
command of English required in order to sit the test.

Further assistance
If you need any other special assistance (such as a reader, interpreter, or extra time) this can be
provided bit you will need to advise the safety Department who will make the necessary
arrangements
How do I cancel or postpone my test?

To cancel or reschedule your test you should call the Safety Department at least 72 hours (three
working days) before your test.

4
Taking a test

Taking a test

Before the test

On the day of the test you will need to:

Allow plenty of time to get to the test centre and arrive at least 15 minutes before the start
of the test
Take proof of identity that bears your photo and your signature (such as driving licence,
CIDB card or passport.
On arrival at the test centre, staff will check your documents to ensure you are booked
onto the correct test. If you do not have all the relevant documents you will not be able to
sit your test.

During the test

The test will contain 50 multiple-choice questions which you will need to complete in 45 minutes.

After the test

You will be provided with a printed score report following the marking process. This will tell you
whether you have passed or failed your test, and give feedback on areas where further learning
and revision is recommended.

What do I do if I fail?

If you fail your test, your score report will provide feedback in areas where you got questions
wrong.

A re-test date shall be notified to you and shall be conducted within 2 weeks of a failure.

5
Legal and management
Contents
01 General responsibilities 7
02 Accident reporting and recording 14

03 Emergency procedures and first aid 18

6
General responsibilities

1.1 1.4
A whole site has been issued with a prohibition If a prohibition notice is issued by an inspector
notice. During the period that the notice of the Department of Occupational Safety & A
applies, what does this mean? Health (DOSH) or local authority: 01
The site manager should be on site work can continue, provided that a risk
A A
before work starts assessment is carried out
The site manager must check with the
the work that is subject to the notice
B Department of Occupational Safety & B must cease
Health (DOSH) before starting work
the work can continue if extra safety
C
No-one must use any survey equipment, C precautions are taken
tool or machinery
the work in hand can be completed, but
All work must stop on site until the safety D
no new works started
D programme is rectified and approved by
DOSH

1.5
1.2 An employer has to prepare a written health
and safety policy and record the significant
Why is the Health and Safety at Work Act
findings of risk assessments when:
important to anyone at work? Give TWO
answers.
A they employ three people or more
It explains how health and safety is
A managed on site B they employ five people or more
B It explains how to write risk assessments
C they employ 10 or more people
It requires all employers to provide a safe
C
place to work the work is going to last more than 30
it sets out how work should be carried D days
D out
It puts legal duties on workers with
E
regard to their acts or omissions

1.3
It is important for those at work to see their
employers health and safety policy because it
tells them:
A how to do their job safely
B the contents of the risk assessments
how health and safety is managed within
C their organisation
D how to use tools and equipment safely

Answer: 1.1 = D 1.2 = C, E 1.3 = C 1.4 = B 1.5 = B 7


General responsibilities

1.6 1.9
If there is a fatal accident or reportable If you discover children playing on site, what is
A dangerous occurrence on site, when must the the first priority?
Department of Occupational Safety & Health
01 A Tell the site manager
(DOSH) be informed?
A Immediately B Shout and warn them off
Make sure the children are taken to a
B Within five days C place of safety
C Within seven days D Find out how they got into the site
D Within 10 days

1.10
1.7
The standards of health and safety on a project
During site induction you do not understand site have noticeably declined. As the
something the presenter says. What should responsible professional what is the FIRST thing
you do? you should do to find out about the
contractors attitude to health and safety?
A Attend another site induction
Review their health and safety inspection
A reports
Ask the presenter to explain the point
B again B Go out on site and look
Guess what the presenter was trying to C Start a dialogue with the site manager
C tell you
D Call the contractors safety department
Wait until the end then ask someone else
D
to explain

1.11

Why is it important that hazards are identified?


1.8
Now that work on site has moved forward, the A They have the potential to cause harm
safety rules given in your site induction seem
They must all be eliminated before work
out of date. What should you do? B can start
Do nothing, you are not responsible for
A They must all be notified to the Health
safety on site
C and Department of Occupational Safety
Speak to the site manager about your & Health (DOSH)
B
concerns
They have to be written on the Health
Speak to your colleagues to see if they D and Safety Law Poster
C
have any new rules
Decide yourself what to do to suit the
D
changing conditions

Answer: 1.6 = A 1.7 = B 1.8 = B 1.9 = C 1.10 = C 1.11 = A


8
General responsibilities

1.12 1.14
In the context of a risk assessment, what does Two contractors workers turn up on site with a
the term risk mean? file of generic risk assessments. You are keen A
for them to start but you know the risk 01
Something with the potential to cause assessments do not take into account the
A
injury current site-specific hazards. What is your best
B An unsafe act or condition course of action?
The likelihood or chance that a hazard Turn them away and tell them to come
C could actually cause harm or damage A
back with better paperwork
Any work activity that can be described Get them to sign the generic risk
D as dangerous B assessments and tell them about the site
Amend the risk assessments with them or
C their supervisor to take into account site
specifics before they can start
1.13
Cover the site-specific hazards during the
Why may a young person be more at risk of D site induction
having accidents?
Legislation does not apply to anyone 1.15
A under 18 years of age
A planned task that involves significant risk
They are usually left to work alone to gain
B should only be undertaken by a:
experience
They have less experience and may not A competent person
C recognise danger or understand fully
B worker
what could go wrong
There is no legal duty to provide them
C supervisor
D with personal protective equipment (PPE) D health and safety professional

Answer: 1.12 = C 1.13 = C 1.14 = C 1.15 = A


9
General responsibilities

1.16 1.18
The significant findings of a risk assessment What is the purpose of on-site risk assessment?
A reveal a risk to health or safety of site staff.
A To save time completing documentation
01 What measure should always be considered
first? To review the actual hazards and risks
B and to ensure that any planned safety
Make sure personal protective
A system is still applicable
equipment (PPE) is available To ensure that the work can be carried
B Adapt the work to the individual C out in a reasonable timeframe
Give priority to those measures that To protect the employer from
C D
protect the whole workforce prosecution
D Avoid the risk altogether if possible
1.19
A risk assessment tells you:

1.17 A how significant risks are being created


In considering what measures to take to what legislation should be applied to
B control risks
protect people against risks to their health and
safety, personal protective equipment (PPE) the generic risks associated with an
should always be considered: C activity
first, because it is an effective way to what risks may exist and how they should
A protect people D be controlled
B as the only practical measure
C as the best way to tackle the job
1.20
only when the risks cannot be eliminated
D You will often hear the word hazard
by other means
mentioned. What does it mean?
Anything that has the potential to cause
A harm or damage
B The level of risk on site
C A type of barrier or machine guard
D All of these answers

Answer: 1.16 = D 1.17 = D 1.18 = B 1.19 = D 1.20 = A


10
General responsibilities

1.21 1.23
As a summary of the general principles of What is the purpose of using a permit-to-work
prevention when developing safe methods of system? A
work, ERIC stands for: 01
To ensure that the job is being carried out
A
A Employ, reduce, isolate, control properly
B Ensure, reduce, isolate, control To ensure that the job is carried out by
B the easiest method
C Eliminate, reduce, isolate, control
To enable tools and equipment to be
D Educate, reduce, isolate, control C
properly checked before work starts
D To establish a safe system of work

1.22 1.24
Which of the following has the highest priority The number of people who may be carried in a
under the principles of prevention and passenger hoist on site must be:
protection?
displayed on a legible notice within the
Specifying the use of a mobile elevating A site welfare area
A work platform (MEWP) for steel erection
displayed on a legible notice within the
Pre-fabrication of steelwork that B cage of the hoist
B eliminates the need for a high-level
bolted connection C given in the company safety policy

The installation of a 2 m high barrier to D explained to the operator of the hoist


C prevent unauthorised access to an area
where work at height is taking place
1.25
The introduction of a comprehensive
Welding is about to start on the site you are
D briefing sheet to warn workers of the
dangers of working at height visiting. What should be provided to prevent
passers-by from getting arc eye?
A Warning signs
B Screens
C Personal protective equipment (PPE)
D Nothing

Answers: 1.21 = C 1.22 = B 1.23 = D 1.24 = B 1.25 = B


11
General responsibilities

1.26 1.29
From a safety point of view, which of the Which of the following is a good reason for
A following should be considered first when obtaining and communicating information on
01 deciding on the number and location of access construction health risks?
and egress points to a site?
Many professionals and workers do not
A Off road parking for cars and vans A know enough about construction health
risks
B Access for the emergency services
Construction workers do not always
C Access the heavy vehicles
B understand the long-term effects on their
D Site security health
Ill health in construction workers is more
C common than traumatic injuries
1.27
D All of these answers
Which of the following can provide a good first
impression of how well a site is currently being
run? 1.30
A How tidy and organised it is What is the best way for a responsible person
to make sure that all who are doing a job have
What the contractor says in the monthly
B site meeting fully understood a method statement?

What the last health and safety Attach the method statement to the risk
C A assessment and job sheet
inspection report says
Explain the method statement to those
The number of signs displayed at the site
D entrance
B doing the job and test their
understanding
Make sure that those doing the job have
C read the method statement

1.28 Display the method statements on a


D noticeboard in the office
On visiting a site you notice that it is adjacent
to a primary school. What is likely to be the
most effective way of keeping children off
construction sites?
A Put up keep out posters
Erect security fencing or hoarding and
B
keep all entrance gates closed
Give safety talks to all local schools and
C youth clubs
Selling a fliers to local households telling
D them to keep their children off site

Answers: 1.26 = B 1.27 = A 1.28 = B 1.29 = D 1.30 = B


12
General responsibilities

1.31
On what basis would you expect the topics for
toolbox talks to be selected? A
They are picked at random from the list 01
A
of toolbox talks
So the topic relates to work that is being
B
carried out at that time
C The client selects the topic for each talk
In an order so that each topic is given at
D least once a year

Answer: 1.31 = B
13
Accident reporting and recording

2.1 2.4
Which of these does NOT have to be recorded If anyone has an accident at work it must be
A in the accident book? recorded. Accident records, which can be
02 viewed by anyone must:
The injured persons national insurance
A
number contain the injured persons name and
A address
B The date and time of the accident
C Details of the injury only be completed by a site manager or
B
supervisor
D The home address of the injured person
comply with the requirements of the
C Data Protection Act
D only be kept in an electronic format

2.2
When must you record an accident in the 2.5
accident book? Which sector of the construction industry
A If you are injured in any way generally has the highest fatal
accident/incident rate?
B Only if you have to be off work
A Civil engineering sites
C Only if you have suffered a broken bone
B Demolition sites
D Only if you have to go to hospital
C Greenfield sites
D Maintenance and refurbishment sites

2.3
2.6
If someone is injured at work, who should
What is the most important reason for keeping
record it in the accident book?
a working area on a construction site clean and
A The site manager and no-one else tidy?
The injured person or someone acting for A To prevent slips, trip and falls
B
them
So that the workers dont have to have a
C The first aider and no-one else B big clean-up at the end of the week
Someone from Department of
D Occupational Safety & Health (DOSH) So that waste skips can be emptied more
C often
To recycle waste and help the
D
environment

Answers: 2.1 = A 2.2 = A 2.3 = B 2.4 = C 2.5 = D 2.6 = A


14
Accident reporting and recording

2.7 2.10
Why is it important to attend site induction? When are people, who are working on or
A You will get to know other new starters
visiting construction sites, most likely to have A
an accident? 02
B Risk assessments will be handed out
A In the morning
Site-specific health and safety rules will
C be explained B In the afternoon
D Permits to work will be handed out
C During the summer months

2.8 D When they first start on any new site


Why is it important to report all accidents?

A It might stop them happening again 2.11


Historically, which type of accident kills most
Some types of accident have to be construction workers?
B reported to the Department of
Occupational Safety & Health (DOSH) A Falling from height
Details have to be entered in the accident
C book
B Contact with electricity

D All of these answers C Being run over by site transport

D Being hit by a falling object

2.9 2.12
You can help prevent accidents by: Which of these helps everyone work safely on
site?
A reporting unsafe working conditions
A Site induction
B becoming a first aider
B Toolbox talks
C knowing where the first-aid kit is kept
C Risk assessments and method statements
D knowing how to get help quickly
D All of these answers

Answers: 2.7 = C 2.8 = D 2.9 = A 2.10 = D 2.11 = A 2.12 = D


15
Accident reporting and recording

2.13 2.15
Which TWO of the following can you learn from A near miss is an incident where:
A investigating an accident?
you were just too late to see what
02 A That site operatives are always to blame A
happened
That mechanical failures are most someone could have been injured or
B dangerous
B something could have been damaged
Ideas on how it could be prevented from someone was injured and nearly had to
C happening again
C go to hospital
A combination of human error and someone has injured and nearly had to
D mechanical failures always causes injury
D take time off work
E Details about why it happened

2.16
2.14 Why is it important to report near miss
A scaffold has collapsed and you saw it happen. incidents on site?
When you are asked about the accident, you Because it is the law for all near miss
should say: A incidents
A nothing, you are not a scaffold expert B To find someone to blame
As little as possible because you dont It is a requirement of the Safety
B want to get people into trouble C Department
To learn from them and stop them
C exactly what you saw D happening again
who you think is to blame and how they
D
should be punished
2.17
A member of the public has been injured by
work activities and taken to hospital. What
should happen next?
The accident should be reported to the
A Department of Occupational Safety &
Health (DOSH)
The member of public should be told to
B
keep quite
The member of public should be
C reminded to take greater care and
attention near a site
The accident should only be reported to
D the site health and safety manager

Answers: 2.13 = C,E 2.14 = C 2.15 = B 2.16 = D 2.17 = A


16
Accident reporting and recording

2.18 2.21
Who must be notified of a death, specified When leaving site you notice that a contractor
injury, dangerous occurrence or over three-day is working in an unsafe manner. What should A
injury on a site? you do?
02
A The companys insurance company A It is not your responsibility so leave site
B The local health centre B Return and speak to the site manager
The Department of Occupational Safety & Contact the Department of Occupational
C C Safety & Health (DOSH)
Health (DOSH)
D No-one D Contact the contractors head office

2.19 2.22

An excavator on site has overturned but no- If your doctor says that you contracted Weils
one was injured. What must happen next? disease (leptospirosis) when on site, you will
need to tell your employer. Why?
Clear up as quickly as possible and
A resume work Your employer has to warn your
A colleagues not to go anywhere near you
B Investigate the incident
Your employer has to report it to the
Make a report to the Department of B Department of Occupational Safety &
C
Occupational Safety & Health (DOSH) Health (DOSH) as an occupational disease
D Report the incident in the accident book Your work colleagues might catch it from
C you
The site on which you contracted it will
2.20 D have to be closed down
If you have a minor accident, who is
responsible for making sure it is reported?
2.23
A Anyone who saw the accident happen
While on site you see a contractor working in a
B A workmate way that presents an imminent danger to
C You yourself and others around you. What should
The Department of Occupational Safety & you do immediately?
D Health (DOSH) Move to another area of the site and
A continue with your work
Before you leave site ensure that you
B inform the site manager
Speak directly to the site operatives and
C ask them to stop work and then tell the
site manager

D Ensure that you inform the client

Answers: 2.18 = C 2.19 = B 2.20 = C 2.21 = B 2.22 = B 2.23 = C


17
Emergency procedures and first aid

3.1 3.4
You will find out about emergency assembly In which way should site visitors be informed
A point from: of the actions to take in the event of an on-site
03 A a risk assessment emergency?
B a method statement They should study the plans on the wall
A of the office
C the site induction
D the permit to work B They are informed during site induction
C They should ask the site manager
They should take a look around the site
D for the emergency assembly point
3.2
How do you find out what to do if you are
3.5
injured on site?
How can you see for yourself that attention has
A By asking someone on site been given to simple emergency procedures on
B By looking for the first-aid sign site?
C By attending a first-aid course A Scaffolding has inspection labels fitted

D You should be told at site induction The distance between the structure and
B the assembly point is minimised
Fire point with extinguishers and a means
C of raising the alarm are in position
All electrical appliances have been
3.3 D electrically tested
In what way are site-based staff and visitors
informed of the location of first-aid facilities on
site? 3.6
By walking the site looking for first-aid Do those in charge of sites have to provide a
A sign first-aid box?
B By searching the site office
A Yes, every site must have one
C They should be told during site induction
B ONLY if more than 50 people work on site
By reading the Health and Safety Law
D poster C ONLY if more than 25 people work on site
D No, there is no legal duty to provide one

Answers: 3.1 = C 3.2 = D 3.3 = C 3.4 = B 3.5 = C 3.6 = A 18


Emergency procedures and first aid

3.7 3.10
How should you be informed about what to do You have to carry out a survey on a remote
in an emergency? Give TWO answers. unoccupied site. What should your employer A
provide you with? 03
A From the site induction
B Look in the health and safety file A A small first-aid kit

Ask the Department of Occupational B The first-aid box out of the office
C Safety & Health (DOSH) C Nothing
D Ask the local hospital D A book on first aid
E From the site noticeboards

3.11
3.8 When would you expect eyewash bottles to be
If there is an emergency while you are on site provided?
you should first:
Only on demolition site where asbestos
A
A leave the site and go back to your office has to be removed
B phone your office Only on sites where refurbishment is
B being carried out
C follow the site emergency procedure
On all site where people could get
D phone the police C
something in their eyes
D On all site where showers are needed
3.9
An emergency route(s) must be provided and
3.12
maintained at all times on construction sites to
ensure safe passage to: If your employers policy is that all staff who
visit sites carry a travelling first-aid kit, it must
A the ground NOT contain:
B open air A bandages
C a place of safety B plasters
D the first-aid room C safety pins
over the counter medicines such as
D aspirin or painkillers

Answers: 3.7 = A,E 3.8 = C 3.9 = C 3.10 = A 3.11 = C 3.12 = D


19
Emergency procedures and first aid

3.13 3.16
If you cut your finger and it wont stop What is the first thing you should do if you find
A bleeding, you should: an injured person?
03 wrap something around it and carry on
A A Tell the site manager
working
Check that you are not in any danger
B tell the site manager B
before you check the injured person
C wash it clean then carry on working
C Move the injured person to a safe place
D find a first aider or get other medical help
D Ask the injured person what happened

3.14
Someone has fallen from height and has no
feeling in their legs. You should: 3.17
Someone working in a deep manhole has
roll them onto their back and keep their collapsed. What is the first thing you should
A legs straight do?
roll them onto their side and bend their Get someone lowered into the manhole
B legs A on a rope
ensure they stay still and dont move
C Climb into the manhole and give mouth-
them until medical help arrives B to-mouth resuscitation
raise their legs to see if any feeling comes
D C Run and tell the site manager
back
Shout and raise the alarm as a trained
D rescue team will be needed.
3.15
If someone is in contact with a live cable the
3.18
best thing you can do is:
Someone collapses with stomach pain and
A phone the electricity company there is no first aider on site. What should you
B dial 999 and ask or an ambulance so first?
C switch off the power and call for help A Get them to sit down
D pull them away from the cable
Get someone to call the emergency
B services
Get them to lie down in the recovery
C position

D Give them some painkillers

Answers: 3.13 = D 3.14 = C 3.15 = C 3.16 = B 3.17 = D 3.18 = B


20
Emergency procedures and first aid

3.19 3.22

If someone falls and is knocked unconscious, Which TWO of the following factors must be
you should first: considered when providing first-aid facilities on
site? 03
turn them over so they are lying on their
A back A The cost of first-aid equipment
B send for medical help The hazards, risk and nature of the work
B
carried out
C slap their face to wake them up
The number of people expected to be on
D give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation C
site at any one time

The difficulty in finding time to purchase


D the necessary equipment
3.20
It is your employers policy that when The space in the site office to store the
undertaking a site survey one member of the E necessary equipment
survey team should be a trained first aider.
What is the one thing a first aider CANNOT do?

A Give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation 3.23

B Stop any bleeding What does this sign mean?

C Give medicines without authorisation

D Treat casualties if they are unconscious A First aid

B Safe to cross

3.21 C No waiting

The minimum level of first-aid cover required D Medicine box


at any workplace is an appointed person.
Which of the following would you expect the
appointed person to carry out? 3.24
Provide MOST of the care normally What does this sign mean?
A carried out by a first aider
Provide All of the care normally provided
B by a first aider
A Safety glasses cleaning station
Contact the emergency services and
C direct them to the scene of an accident B Emergency eyewash station
Only apply plasters and dressings to
D C Warning, risk of splashing
minor wounds

D Wear eye protection

Answers: 3.19 = B 3.20 = C 3.21 = C 3.22 = B,C 3.23 = A 3.24 = B


21
Emergency procedures and first aid

3.25 3.28

This sign tells you: Someone gets a large splinter in their hand. It is
A deep under the skin and it hurts. What should
03 you do?

A where the canteen is located A Use something sharp to dig it out

B which way to walk B Make sure they get first aid


where to assemble in case of an Tell them to ignore it and let the splinter
C C
emergency or evacuation come out on its own
D where the site induction room is located Try to squeeze out the splinter with your
D thumps

3.26
3.29
If you think someone has a broken leg you
should: Someone has got a nail in their foot. You are
not a first aider. You must not pull out the nail
lie them on their side in the recovery because:
A position
you will let air and bacteria get into the
B use your belt to strap their legs together A
wound
C send for the first aider or get other help
B the nail is helping to reduce the bleeding
D lie them on their back
it will prove that the casualty was not
C wearing safety boots

3.27 D the nail would become a bio-hazard

If someone gets some grit in their eye, the best


thing you can do is:
3.30
hold the eye open and wipe it with clean
A tissue paper If someone burns their hand the best thing you
ask them to rub the eye until it starts to can do is:
B water
put the hand into cold water or under a
C tell them to blink a couple of times A cold running tap
hold the eye open and flush it with tell them to carry on working to exercise
D sterilised water or eyewash B the hand
rub barrier cream or Vaseline into the
C
burn

D warp your handkerchief around the burn

Answers: 3.25 = C 3.26 = C 3.27 = D 3.28 = B 3.29 = B 3.30 = A


22
Health and welfare
Contents
04 Health and welfare 24
05 Personal protective equipment 28
06 Dust and fumes (Respiratory risk) 32
07 Noise and vibration 36
08 Hazardous substances 40
09 Manual handling 46

23
Health and welfare

4.1 4.4
You can catch an infection called tetanus from Look at these statements about illegal drugs in
B contaminated land or water. How does it get the workplace. Which one is true in relation to
04 into your body? site work?
A Through your nose when you breathe People under the influence of illegal
A
drugs at work are a danger to everyone
B Through an open cut in your skin
People who take illegal drugs work better
Through your mouth when you eat or B
C drink
and faster
People who take illegal drugs take fewer
It doesnt, it only infects animals and not C
D people
days off work
Taking illegal drugs is a personal choice so
D
other people should not worry about it
4.2
Your doctor has given you some medication.
Which of these questions is the most
important?
4.5
Will it make me drowsy or unsafe to
A work? White spirit or other solvents should not be
used to clean hands because they:
Will the medication make me work more
B slowly? A strip the protective oils from the skin
C Will my manager need to be told?
B remove the top layer of skin
Will it cause me to oversleep and be late
D for work? C block the pores of the skin
carry harmful bacteria that attack the
D skin
4.3
Someone goes to the pub at lunchtime and has
a couple of pints of beer. What should they do
next?
Drink plenty of strong coffee then go
A back to work
Stay away from the site for the rest of the
B
day
Stay away for an hour and then go back
C
to work
Eat something, wait 30 minutes and then
D go back to work

Answers: 4.1 = B 4.2 = A 4.3 = B 4.4 = A 4.5 = A


24
Health and welfare

4.6 4.8
If you get a harmful substance on your hands, it What is the minimum that should be provided
can pass from your hands to your mouth when on site for washing hands? B
you eat. Give TWO ways to stop this. 04
Nothing, there is no need to provide
Wear protective gloves when you are A washing facilities
A
working
Running hot water and electric hand-
B Wash your hands before eating B
dryers

Put barrier cream on your hands before C A cold water standpipe and paper towels
C eating
Hot and cold water (or warm water),
Wear protective gloves then turn them
D soap and a way to fry hands
D
inside-out before eating

Wash your work gloves then put them on


E 4.9
again before eating
Direct sunlight on bare skin can cause:

A dermatitis
B rickets
4.7 C acne
When visiting a site you find that there is D skin cancer
nowhere for you to wash your hands. What
should you do?
4.10
A Wait until you get home then wash them
Exposure to engine oil and other mineral oils
Go to local caf or pub and use the can cause:
B washbasin in their toilet A skin problems

Speak to the site manager about the B heart disease


C
problem C breathing problems

Bring your own hand washing equipment D Vibration white finger


D
in future

4.11
You can get occupational dermatitis from:

A hand-arm vibration
B another person with dermatitis
C some types of strong chemical
D sunlight

Answers: 4.6 = A,B 4.7 = C 4.8 = D 4.9 = D 4.10 = A 4.11 = C


25
Health and welfare

4.12 4.15
You should not rely just on barrier cream to The early signs of Weils disease (leptospirosis)
B protect your skin from harmful substances can be easily confused with:
04 because:
A dermatitis
A there may be none available on site
B diabetes
many harmful substances go straight
B through it C hay fever

C it is difficult to wash off D influenza (flu)

D it can irritate your skin

4.16
Which of the following species of animal is the
4.13
most likely carrier of Weils disease
When site workers need to handle harmful (leptospirosis) on construction sites?
substances, they should wear the correct
protective gloves to help stop: A Rabbits

A skin disease B Rats

B vibration white finger C Squirrels


C Raynauds syndrome D Mice
D arthritis

4.17
4.14 You find that the toilets on site are dirty. What
You are more likely to catch Weils disease should you do?
(leptospirosis) if you:
A Ignore the problem, it is normal
work near wet ground, waterways or
A Make sure that you tell the site manager
sewers B
who can sort it out
B work near air-conditioning units
Ask someone to find some cleaning
C work on building refurbishment C
materials and attend to it
D drink water from a standpipe
See if you can use the toilets in a nearby
D
caf or pub

Answers: 4.12 = B 4.13 = A 4.14 = A 4.15 = D 4.16 = B 4.17 = B


26
Health and welfare

4.18
Which of the following is a legal requirement
under the Regulations for the site welfare
facilities?
B
04
Wholesome drinking water, means to boil
A water and heat food
Suitable facilities for rest, including tables
B and chairs with backs and, where
necessary, changing rooms and lockers

Suitable and sufficient toilets and


C washing facilities, including running cold
and hot or warm running water

D All of these answers

4.19
The site toilets do not flush. What should you
do?
Try not to use the toilets while you are at
A work

B Tell the site manager about the problem

C Try to fix the fault yourself

D Ask a plumber to fix the fault

4.20
What sort of rest area should be provided for
operatives on site?

A A covered area

B A covered area and some chairs

A covered area, tables and chairs with


C backs, drinking water, hand washing
facilities
Nothing, contractors dont have to
D provide rest areas.

Answers: 4.18 = D 4.19 = B 4.20 = C


27
Personal protective equipment

5.1 5.4

While on site you observe that there is a risk of When should you wear safety footwear on
B materials flying at speed into site workers site?
05 eyes. What should they be wearing in order to
Only when working at ground level or
protect themselves? A outside
Impact-resistant goggles or full face
A shield B Until the site starts to look finished

B Welding goggles C All the time

C Reading glasses or sunglasses When you are working all day on site and
D
not just visiting
D Light eye protection

5.5
5.2
What features should you be looking for when
When should eye protection be worn? obtaining safety footwear for a site visit?

A On very bright, sunny days They must be black with a good sole
A pattern
If there is a risk of eye injury and if it is
B the site rules B They only need a protective toecap
They must have a protective toecap and
When it has been included in bill of C
C quantities
mid-sole
They must be smooth-soled to prevent
D
D Only for work with chemicals the transfer of contaminated materials

5.3 5.6
What type of eye protection do you need to Do all types of glove protect hands against
wear if you are using a cartridge-operated tool chemicals?
or compressed gas tool (nail gun)?
Yes, all gloves are made to the same
A
A Light eye protection or safety glasses standard

B Normal prescription glasses or sunglasses Only if site workers put barrier cream on
B
their hands as well
C Impact-rated goggles
No, different types of glove protect
C against different types of hazard
None they arent needed as there is a
D minimal risk of injury
Only if site workers cover their gloves
D
with barrier cream

Answers: 5.1 = A 5.2 = B 5.3 = C 5.4 = C 5.5 = C 5.6 = C

28
Personal protective equipment

5.7 5.9
Look at these statements about using power You must wear head protection on site at all
tools while wearing gloves. Which one is times unless you are: B
FALSE?
05
working on a project that is at the
Anti-vibration gloves will protect you A
A finishing stages
against the effect of vibration
Gloves will keep your hands warm and working where there are no hazards
B
B dry, which reduces the effects of above you
vibration
C in a safe area, like the site office
Gloves provide a better grip so you dont
C need to grip too tightly, which reduces D working in very hot weather
the effects of vibration

Gloves will protect you from cuts and


D
abrasions 5.10

If you drop your safety helmet from height on


to a hard surface, you should:
5.8
have any cracks repaired then carry on
To get the maximum protection from your A
wearing it
safety helmet you should wear it?
make sure there are no cracks then carry
B on wearing it
A
Back to front work without a safety helmet until you
C can get a new one
B D stop work and get a new safety helmet
pushed back on your head

C 5.11
square on your head
You must wear hi-vis clothing:

D when the need is identified in the


A contractors or your employers site rules
pulled forward
only if you are inspecting deep
B
excavations or tunnels

C during normal daylight hours only

only if you are working alongside moving


D plant

Answers: 5.7 = A 5.8 = C 5.9 = C 5.10 = D 5.11 = A


29
Personal protective equipment

5.12 5.15
If your personal protective equipment (PPE) You have to work outdoors in bad weather.
B gets damaged you should: Your employer should supply you with
05 waterproof clothing because:
A throw it away and work without it
it will have the company name and logo
A on it
B stop what you are doing until is replaced
you need protecting form the weather
C carry on wearing it but work more quickly
B and are less likely to get muscle strains if
you are warm and dry
D try to repair it
you are less likely to catch Weils disease
C (leptospirosis) if you are warm and dry
5.13 your supervisor will be able to see you
D more clearly in the rain
You are about to enter an active work area on
site. How will you know if you need any extra
personal protective equipment (PPE)?
5.16
By looking at your employers health and
A Look at these statements about personal
safety policy
protective equipment (PPE). Which one is NOT
true? Workers must:
B You will just be expected to know

From the risk assessment or method A pay for any damage or loss
C statement store it correctly when they are not using
B it
Others around you will be wearing more
D than the minimum PPE required report any damage or loss to their
C manager

D use it as instructed
5.14
Who has the legal duty to ensure that workers
are provided with any personal protective 5.17
equipment (PPE) they need, including the
means to maintain it? Your employer must supply personal protective
equipment (PPE):
A Their employer
A twice a year
B The workers who need it
B if workers pay for it
C The client for the project
C if it is in the contract
The person whose design created the
D need for the use of PPE D if it is needed to provide protection

Answers: 5.12 = B 5.13 = C 5.14 = A 5.15 = B 5.16 = A 5.17 = D


30
Personal protective equipment

5.18

Do workers have to pay for any personal


protective equipment (PPE) they need? B
05
A Yes, they must pay for all of it

B Only to replace lost or damage PPE

Yes, but they only have to pay half the


C cost

D No, the employer must pay for it

Answer: 5.18 = D
31
Dust and fumes (Respiratory risks)

6.1 6.4
Someone near you is using a disc-cutter to cut You have finished your work and need to
B concrete blocks. What THREE immediate sweep up the dust. What should you do?
06 hazards are likely to affect you?
A Dampen down the area
A Flying fragments
B Make sure there is plenty of ventilation
B Dermatitis
C Put your protective mask back on
C Harmful dust in the air
D All of these answers
D High noise levels

E Skin cancer
6.5

You are using water as part of dust control and


6.2 run out. Should you:

If using on-tool extraction to control dust from A carry on as you have nearly finished
a power tool it is important to check that:
B stop and refill with water
A the extraction unit is the correct type
ask everyone to clear the area and then
the extraction filters are clear and the C carry on
B unit is extracting dust
carry in but get someone to sweep up
D
C you are using the power toll correctly afterwards

D All of these answers


6.6

When using power tools it is important to:


6.3
When drilling, cutting, sanding or grinding you A stop dust getting into the air
can breathe in high levels of harmful dust.
These levels are likely to be highest when B stand down wind of any dust
working: do the work quickly to limit dust
C
exposure
A outside on a still day
only undertake the work during damp or
D wet weather
B outside on a windy day

C in a small room

D in a large indoor space

Answers: 6.1 = A,C,D 6.2 = D 6.3 = C 6.4 = D 6.5 = B 6.6 = A


32
Dust and fumes (Respiratory risks)

6.7 6.10
You have been asked to do some work that will If you use a power tool to cut or grind
create dust. What should you do? materials, why must the dust be collected and B
not get into the air? 06
You should not to the work. Dust is highly
A To save time and avoid having to clear up
dangerous
A the mess
Use equipment which will eliminate or
B
reduce the amount of dust whilst wearing B Most dust can be harmful if breathed in
correct personal protective equipment
(PPE) The tool will go faster if the dust is
C
collected
Start work no control are needed as its
C You do not need a machine guard if the
only dust D dust is collected
D Work for short periods at a time

6.11
6.8 Birds droppings and nests that can be
When using water to keep dust down when hazardous to your health are found in an area
cutting you must ensure: where you are required to work. You should:

A there is as much water as possible A carry on with you work carefully

B the water flow is correctly adjusted B stop work and seek advice

somebody stands next to you and pours C try to catch the birds
C water from a bottle
let them fly away before carrying on with
all the water is poured on the surface to D your work
D soak it before you start cutting

6.12
6.9
Breathing in a dusty atmosphere for long
You need to use a power tool to cut or grind periods can cause:
materials. Give TWO ways to control the dust.
A occupational asthma
A Work slowly and carefully

Fit a dust extractor or collector to the B occupational dermatitis


B machine
C skin cancer
C Wet cutting
D Weils disease (leptospirosis)
D Keep the area clean and tidy

E Wear a dust or respirator

Answers: 6.7 =B 6.8 = B 6.9 = B,C 6.10 = B 6.11 = B 6.12 = A

33
Dust and fumes (Respiratory risks)

6.13 6.16
Occupational asthma can stop you working Your workers have been face-fit tested for their
B again with certain substances. It is cause by: respiratory masks. What is one of the checks
06 you can make to ensure their mask fit is still
A exposure to loud noise effective?

B exposure to rat urine That they are clean shaven (have no


A more than one days beard/stubble
skin contact with any hazardous growth
C substance That they have no more than two days
B
breathing in hazardous dust, fumes or beard/stubble growth
D vapours That they have no more than one weeks
C
beard/ stubble growth
Stubble/beard has no effect on a masks
6.14 D performance
The biggest cause of long-term health issues in
the construction industry is:
6.17
A loud noise
Disposable masks have filtering face piece
B being struck by a vehicle ratings of FFP1, FFP2 and FFP3. Which offers
the greater protection for workers?
C slipping and tripping
A FFP1
D breathing in hazardous substances
B FFP2
C FFP3
6.15 They all offer then same protection the
You have been given a dust mask to protect D numbers refer to the different sizes of
you against hazardous fumes. What should you mask
do?
Do not start work until you have the
6.18
A correct respiratory protective equipment
(RPE) Which of the following do you need to do
ensure that you mask works?
B Do the job but work quickly
A Check its the correct type needed
Start work but take a break now and
C again B Pass a face-fit test wearing the mask
Wear a second dust mask on top of the
D first one C Check you are wearing it correctly

D All of these answers

Answers: 6.13 =D 6.14 = D 6.15 = A 6.16 = A 6.17 = C 6.18 = D


34
Dust and fumes (Respiratory risks)

6.19 6.22
Generally speaking how long can you use the When drilling, cutting, sanding or grinding what
same disposable mask for? is the best way to protect you long-term health B
from harmful dust?
06
A Five working days
Use dust extraction or wet cut and wear
A light eye protection
B Until it looks too dirty to wear
Wear a FFP3-rated dust mask and impact
C One day or one shift B goggles

D 28 days Wear any disposable dust mask, hearing


C protection and impact goggles
Use dust extraction or wet cut, wear a
6.20 D FFP3-rated dust mask, hearing protection
and impact goggles
Which of these activities does NOT create silica
dust, which is harmful if breathed in?

A Sawing timber and plywood


Cutting kerbs, stone, paving slabs, bricks
B and blocks

C Breaking up concrete floors and screeds

Chasing out wall and mortar joints or


D sweeping up rubble

6.21
The high levels of solvents in some paints and
resins can cause:

A headaches, dizziness and sickness

B lung problems

C effects on other parts of your body

D All of these answers

Answers: 6.19 =C 6.20 = A 6.21 = D 6.22 = D


35
Noise and vibration

7.1 7.4
Noise over a long time can damage you Noise can damage your hearing. What is an
B hearing. Can this damage be reversed? early sign of this?
07 A Yes, with time A There are no early signs

B Yes, if you have an operation Temporary deafness or ringing noise in


B your ears
C No, the damage is permanent
C A skin rash around the ears
D Yes, if you change jobs
D Ear infection

7.2 7.5
How can noise affect your health? Give TWO When referring to noise, what does the term
answers. upper exposure action value mean?
A Headaches The level at which hearing protection
A zones must be established and hearing
B Ear infections protection must be worn
C Hearing loss B The second time a noise reading is taken
D Waxy ears The time at which a second pair of ear
C defenders are provided
E Vibration white finger
D When two noise meters are required

7.6
7.3
If you wear hearing protection it will:
After standing alongside noisy equipment, you
have a ringing sound in your ears. What does A stop you hearing all noise
this mean?
B reduce noise to an acceptable level
Your hearing has been temporarily
A damaged C repair your hearing if it is damage
B You have also been subjected to vibration
D make you hear better
C You are about to go down with the flu

D The noise level was high but acceptable

Answers: 7.1 = C 7.2 = A,C 7.3 = A 7.4 = B 7.5 = A 7.6 = B


36
Noise and vibration

7.7 7.10
If you need to wear hearing protection, you Someone near you is using noisy equipment
must remember that: and you have no hearing protection. What B
should you do? 07
you have to carry out your own noise
A
assessment A Ask them to stop what they are doing
B you have to pay for all hearing protection Carry on with your work because it is
B always noisy on site
C earplugs dont work
Leave the area until you have the correct
you may be less aware of what is going C
personal protection equipment (PPE)
D on around you
D Speak to the operatives supervisor

7.8
TWO recommended ways to protect your
hearing are by using: 7.11

A rolled tissue paper You have to inspect a site near a particular


construction operation that is generating a high
B cotton wool pads over your ears level of noise. It is possible to shut the
operation down. Which of the following actions
C earplugs would you expect to be the site managers
immediate response?
D soft cloth pads over your ears
Arrange for a noise assessment to carried
E ear defender A out
Make hearing protection available to
B
those people who ask for it
Issue all people affected with hearing
7.9 C protection as a precaution
You need to wear ear defenders, but an ear
pad is missing form one of the shells. What D Erect hearing protection zone signs
should you do?
Leave them off and go on to site without
A any hearing protection
Put them on and go on to site with them
B as they are
Do not visit noisy areas on site until they
C
are replaced
Use an earplug in one ear and then put
D
them on

Answers: 7.7 = D 7.8 = C,E 7.9 = C 7.10 = C 7.11 = C 37


Noise and vibration

7.12 7.15
If you have to enter in a hearing protection If you need to wear disposable earplugs how
B zone, you must: should you insert them so they protect you
07 hearing from damage?
A not make any noise
Only put them in when it starts getting
wear the correct hearing protection at all A
B times
very noisy
Only ever insert then half way into your
C
take hearing protection with you in case B ear
you need to use it
Roll them up and insert them as far as
wear hearing protection if the noise gets
D too loud for you
C you can, while pulling then top of your
ear up to open up the ear canal
Fold them in half and wedge them into
D your ear
7.13
As a rule of thumb noise levels may be a
problem if you have to shout to be clearly 7.16
heard by someone who is standing: Why is vibration a serious health issue?
A 2 m away
A There are no early warning signs
B 4 m away
The long-term effects of vibration are not
C 5 m away B known
D 6 m away There is no way that exposure to
C
vibration can be prevented
Vibration can cause a disabling injury that
D
7.14 cannot be cured
What is the significance of the weekly or daily
personal noise exposure limit value of 87 dB 7.17
set out in the Control of Noise at Work What is vibration white finger?
Regulations?
All site personnel and visitors need to be A A mild skin rash that will go away
A warned if this noise level is being A serious skin condition that will not clear
exceeded B
up
Hearing protection needs to be provided
B upon request if this level is like to be C Industrial dermatitis
exceeded A signs of damage to someones hands
D
The principal contractor must make sure and arms that might not go away
C everyone wears their hearing protection
if this noise is exceeded
Employers must ensure that their
D personnel are not exposed to noise
above this level

Answers: 7.12 = B 7.13 = A 7.14 = D 7.15 = C 7.16 = D 7.17 = D


38
Noise and vibration

7.18 7.21
Hand-arm vibration can cause: Operatives using machinery that can cause

A skin cancer
vibration are likely to suffer less from hand- B
arm vibration if they are:
07
B skin irritation, like dermatitis A very cool but dry

C blisters to hands and arms B cold and wet


damaged blood vessels and nerves in
D C warm and dry
fingers and hands
D very wet but warm

7.19
Who should the employer inform if someone 7.22
reports to the site manager that they work-
What is the least reliable source of information
related hand-arm vibration syndrome?
when assessing the level of vibration from a
The Department of Occupational Safety & powered percussive hand tool?
A Health (DOSH)
A In-use vibration measurement of the tool
B The local Health Authority
Vibration figures taken from the tool
B manufacturers handbook
C A coroner
The judgement of the site manager based
D The nearest hospital C upon observation
Vibration data from the Department of
D Occupational Safety & Health (DOSH)
master list
7.20
Which of these is most likely to cause vibration
white finger?

A Handsaw

B Hammer drill

C Hammer and chisel

D Battery-powered screwdriver

Answers: 7.18 = D 7.19 = A 7.20 = B 7.21 = C 7.22 = C


39
Hazardous substances

8.1 8.4
Which one of these is NOT a primary purpose Which of these statements applies to asbestos?
B of an asbestos survey? It is:
08 To provide accurate information on the A harmful to health
A location, amount and condition of
asbestos materials B fibrous mineral
To identify all asbestos materials that likely to be found in buildings built or
B need to be removed before demolition or C
refurbish before 2000
refurbishment work
To help the management of any asbestos D all of these answers
C in a building
To estimate how much it would cost to
D remove any asbestos
8.5
You are visiting a site where an active asbestos
removal enclosure has been set up. Which of
8.2 the following would indicate that it is operating
efficiently?
If you breathe in asbestos dust, it can cause:
A Appropriate signage
A aching muscles and painful joints
B Everyone to be wearing red suits
B throat infections
C The sides of the enclosure bowing in
C lung diseases Everyone is wearing respiratory
D
protective equipment (RPE)
D dizziness and headaches

8.6

Which of these does NOT cause skin problems?


8.3
When visiting site the contractor thinks that A Asbestos
they have found some asbestos, what is the
first thing that should be done? B Bitumens

Stop work and get everyone out of the C Epoxy resins


A
affected area
A sample should be taken to the site D Solvents
B manager
The bits should be put in a bin and work
C
should carry on

D Find the first aider

Answers: 8.1 = D 8.2 = C 8.3 = A 8.4 = D 8.5 = C 8.6 = A


40
Hazardous substances

8.7 8.10

If asbestos is present what should happen Cement bags have an additive to help prevent
before demolition or refurbishment takes allergic dermatitis. When using a new bag what B
place? should be checked? 08

Advise workers that asbestos is present


A The bag is undamaged
A and continue with demolition
B The use by date has not expired
All asbestos should be removed as far as
B C It has been stored in a dry place
reasonably practicable
Advise the Department of Occupational D The contents are not hard and gone off
C Safety & Health (DOSH) that asbestos is
present and continue with demolition
Inspect the condition of the asbestos
D materials 8.11

Why should you not kneel in wet cement,


screed or concrete?

8.8 A It will make your trousers wet


What kind of survey is required to identify
asbestos prior to any work being carried out on B It is not an effective way to work
a pre-2000 building?
It can cause serious chemical burns to
C your legs
A Type 3 survey
B Management survey D It will affect the finish
C Refurbishment and demolition survey
D Type 2 survey
8.12

Wet cement, mortar and concrete are


8.9 hazardous to your health as they cause:
Where might you come across asbestos?
A dizziness and headaches
A In a house built between 1950 and 1990
B chemical burns and dermatitis
In any building built of refurbished before
B the year 2000 C muscle aches

In industrial buildings built between 1920 D arc eye


C and 1990
Asbestos has now been removed from all
D
buildings

Answers: 8.7 = B 8.8 = C 8.9 = B 8.10 = B 8.11 = C 8.12 = B


41
Hazardous substances

8.13 8.16
You have to use a new material for the first COSHH Requirements deal with:
B time and need to carry out a COSHH (Control of
08 Substances Hazardous to Health) assessment. A the safe use of tools an equipment
What are the TWO main things you will need?
B the safe use of lifting equipment
A Your companys safety policy
the control and safe use of substances
C
B The material safety data sheet hazardous to health

D safe working at height


C The age of the people doing the work

D The material delivery note

Details of where, who and how you will 8.17


E
be using the product
Which of these will give your health and safety
information about a hazardous substance?

8.14
A The site diary

The safety way to use a hazardous substance is B The delivery note


to:
C The COSHH assessment
A get on with the job as quickly as possible
read your employers health and safety D The accident book
B policy
understand the COSHH assessment and
C follow the instructions
8.18
D ask someone who has already used it
An assessment has been carried out under the
COSHH. To which of the following should the
risks and control measures be explained?
8.15
When a contractor is assessing the risk of using A All who are working on site
a substance they believe to be hazardous they Those on site using, or likely to be
should first: B affected by, the substance
A review the material safety data sheet The person in charge of ordering
C materials
ensure that safe storage is available on
B D The accounts department
site
ensure workers are provided with
C
respiratory equipment
ensure workers are trained to use
D respiratory equipment

Answers: 8.13 = B, E 8.14 = C 8.15 = A 8.16 = C 8.17 = C 8.18 = B 42


Hazardous substances

8.19 8.21
Employers must prevent exposure of their Where should liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
workers to substances hazardous to health, cylinder be positioned when supplying an B
where this is reasonably practicable. If it is not appliance in a site cabin? 08
reasonably practicable, which of the following
should be considered first? A Inside the site cabin in a locked cupboard
B Under the cabin
What instruction, training and
A supervision to provide C Inside the cabin next to the appliance
What health surveillance arrangements D Outside the cabin
B
will be needed
How to minimise risk and control 8.22
C
exposure
You are visiting a site where flooring is being
How to monitor the exposure of workers stuck down by a lone worker, using a liquid
D
in the workplace adhesive in a small inner room that has no
visible means of ventilation. For what reason
might you quickly bring this to the attention of
the site manager?
It is illegal for anyone to work on their
A own
8.20
The work should be carried out under a
How should cylinders containing liquefied B hot work permit
petroleum gas (LPG) be stored on site?
C Kneeling and working is bad for their back
A In a locked cellar with clear warning signs The vapours from the adhesive may be a
D
health hazard without sufficient fresh air
In a locked external compound at least
B 3m from any oxygen cylinders

C As close to the point of use as possible


Covered by a tarpaulin to shield the 8.23
D compressed cylinder from the sunlight You find an unmarked container that you
suspect may contain chemicals. What action
should you take?

A Smell the chemical to see what it is

B Put it in a bin to get rid of it

C Move it to somewhere safe


Ensure that it remains undisturbed and
D report it

Answers: 8.19 = C 8.20 = B 8.21 = D 8.22 = D 8.23 = D


43
Hazardous substances

8.24 8.26
You are visiting a project that involves If you see either of these
B removing paint from old iron work. Which of labels on a substance
the following would enable the contractor to
08 what should you do?
assess the foreseeable health risk of the work
during the tender period? Find out what protection you need as the
Lab-test results of a sample of paint
A substance is harmful and could damage
A giving lead content
your health

Use sparingly as the substance is


B The prevailing wind conditions B
expensive
Fit testing of respiratory protective
C Wear gloves as the substance can burn
equipment (RPE) C your skin
Test to determine the average paint
D Do not use it as the substance is
thickness D poisonous

8.25
8.27
If you see either of these
If you see either of these
labels on a substance
labels on a substance
what should you do?
what should you do?
Do not use it as the substance is
A Make sure it is stored out of the reach of
poisonous A children
Find out what protection you need as the
Use the substance very carefully and
B substance is corrosive and can damage
your skin upon contact
B make sure you dont spill or splash it on
yourself
Wash your hands after you have used the
C Do not use it as the substance is
substance C
poisonous
Find out what hand cleaner you will need
D as the substance will not wash off easily
Find out what protection you need as the
substance is toxic and in low quantities
D could seriously damage your health or kill
you

Answers: 8.24 = A 8.25 = B 8.26 = A 8.27 =D


44
Hazardous substances

8.28 8.30
How can you tell if a product is hazardous?
If you see either of these
By warning symbols on the container or labels on a substance
B
A packaging label 08
what should you do?
B By the shape of the container
Dispose of the substance or contents by
C It will always be in a black container A burning
D It will always be in a cardboard box
Find out how to use the substance safely
B as it could explode
Find out how to use the substance safely
C as it is flammable (could catch fire easily)
8.29
Warm up the contents first, with heat or
D a naked flame
If you see either of these
labels on a substance
what should you do?

Find out how to handle the substance as


A it is fragile
Find out how to use the substance safely
B as it could explode
Find out how to use the substance safety
C as it if flammable (could catch fire easily)
Do not use the substance as it could kill
D you

Answers: 8.28 = A 8.29 = B 8.30 = C


45
Manual handling

9.1 9.3
Under the regulations for manual handling, all You are in charge of a gang of workers and
B workers must: about to start on a new site. What can you do
to help minimise manual handling?
09 only exceed the weights identified in the
A risk assessment if they know they are Leave it to the workforce to sort out-
capable of lifting them
A they always find a way
make a list of all the heavy things they Hire in extra labour to carry the materials
B B
have to carry and equipment
lift any size of load they feel comfortable Assess and agree with the site manager
C with C how the materials and equipment can be
follow the requirements of their distributed close to the workplace
D employers safe systems of work
Make sure the risk assessment has the
D correct site name on it

9.2
If manual lifting activities are part of a task, 9.4
what must the employer do? Your workforce are obviously lifting more than
what the risk assessment states. What should
Make sure the lifting operations are
A supervised
you do?

Find out how much they are lifting and


B Carry out a risk assessment of the task A change the risk assessment to this weight
Nothing, as it is part of some work
C operation to lift loads B
Tell them they shouldnt but let them
carry on. At least you have warned them
D Watch while the load is lifted
Let them carry on, they are doing the
C work quicker and seem OK

Stop them, find out why, agree a solution


D and amend the risk assessment

Answers: 9.1 = D 9.2 = B 9.3 = C 9.4 = D


46
Manual handling

9.5 9.8
Who should be involved in creating the manual You have been asked to move a load that might
handling safe system of work for a worker? be too heavy for you. You cannot divide it into B
smaller parts and there is no-one to help you. 09
A The worker What should you do?
B The workers supervisor/employer Do not move the load until you have
A found a safe method
The worker and their
C
supervisor/employer Ask someone to get a forklift truck, even
B
The Department of Occupational Safety & though you suspect they cant drive one
D
Health (DOSH) You know how to lift, so try to lift it using
C
the correct lifting methods
9.6 Get on and lift and move the load quickly
D as this helps avoid injury
You are using a wheelbarrow to move a heavy
load. Is this manual handling?
No, because the wheelbarrow is carrying
A the load 9.9
B Only if the load slips off the wheelbarrow You need to lift a load from the floor. You
Yes, you are still manually handling the should stand with your:
C load
A feet together, legs straight, back bent
D Only if the wheelbarrow has a flat tyre
feet together, knees bent, in a deep
B squatting position
feet slightly apart, one leg slightly
C forward, knees flexed
9.7
Your new job involved some manual handling D feet wide apart, legs straight, back bent
of survey equipment in and out of vehicles. An
old injury means that you have a weak back.
What should you do?

If you take care there is no need to


A inform your manager
Tell your manager that lifting might be a
B
problem
Try some lifting then tell your manager
C
about your back
Only tell your manager about your back if
D
it becomes a problem

Answers: 9.5 = C 9.6 = C 9.7 = B 9.8 = A 9.9 = C


47
Manual handling

9.10

If you have to twist or turn your body when


B you lift and place a load it means:
09
the weight you can lift safely is LESS than
A
usual
the weight you can lift safely is MORE
B than usual
nothing, you can lift the SAME weight as
C
usual

D you MUST wear a back brace

9.11
Someone has to move a load while they are
sitting, not standing. How much can they move
safely?

A Less than usual

B The usual amount

C Twice the usual amount

D Three times the usual amount

Answers: 9.10 = A 9.11 = A


48
General safety
Contents
10 Safety signs and signals 50
11 Fire prevention and control 54
Electrical safety and hand-held tools
12 58
and equipment
13 Site transport safety 62

49
Safety signs and signals

10.1 10.4

A crane has to do a difficult lift. The signaller


C asks you to help, but you are not trained in
What does this sign mean?

10 plant signals. What should you do?

Politely refuse because you dont know


A A Assemble here in the event of a fire
how to signal

B Start giving signals to the crane driver Fire extinguishers and fire-fighting
B
equipment kept here
Only help if the signaller really cant Parking reserved for emergency service
C manage alone C vehicles
Ask the signaller to show you what signal D Do not stored flammable materials here.
D to use

10.2
10.5
A truck has to tip materials into a trench. Who
should give signals to the truck driver? What does this sign mean?

A Anyone who is wearing a hi-vis coat

B Someone standing in the trench A Fire alarm call point

C Someone who knows the signals B Hot surface, do not touch

Only the person who is trained and


C Wear flameproof hand protection
D appointed for the job D Emergency light switch

10.3 10.6

These signs tell you What does this sign mean?


that a substance can
be:

A harmful
A Press here to sound the fire alarm

B toxic B Fire hose reel located here

C corrosive
C Turn key to open fire door

D dangerous to the environment


D Do not use if there is a fire

Answers: 10.1 = A 10.2 = D 10.3 = D 10.4 = B 10.5 = A 10.6 = B


50
Safety signs and signals

10.7 10.10

What does this sign mean? What does this sign mean? C
10

Safety boots or safety shoes must be


A worn A Safety glasses cleaning station
B Wellington boots must be worn B Warning, bright lights or lasers
C Be aware of slip and trip hazards C Caution, poor lighting
D No dirty footwear past this point D You must wear safety eye protection

10.11

10.8 What does this sign mean?

What does this sign mean?


A No lone working
B No entry without hard hat
A You must carry safety gloves at all times No pedestrians or entry for people on
C
B Dispose of used safety gloves here foot
C Safety gloves do not need to be worn D No entry during the day

D Safety gloves must be worn

10.12

Blue and white signs are:


10.9

What does this sign mean?


mandatory signs meaning you MUST do
A
something

A Wear white clothes at night prohibition signs meaning you MUST


B NOT do something
B Hi-vis clothing must be worn
C Do nothing, it only applies to managers warning signs alerting you of hazards or
C danger
D Cover up bare arms

safe condition signs giving you


D
information

Answers: 10.7 = A 10.8 = D 10.9 = B 10.10 = D 10.11 = C 10.12 = A


51
Safety signs and signals

10.13 10.16

Round red and white signs with What does this sign mean?
C a diagonal line are:
10
mandatory signs- meaning you MUST do
A Wear hearing protection if you want to
A something B You must wear hearing protection
prohibition signs meaning you MUST C No personal stereos or MP3 players
B NOT do something D Caution, noisy machinery
warning signs alerting you of hazards or
C danger
10.17
safe condition signs giving you
D information Emergency and safe condition signs, such as
fire exit and first aid, are coloured:

10.14 A blue and white

What does this sign mean? B red and white


C green and white
D red and yellow
Do not jump across any gaps in the
A
scaffold
Do not work on the first lift of the
B scaffold 10.18
Do not access the scaffold because it is
C incomplete or not safe Green and white signs are:

D Do not walk under the scaffold

mandatory signs meaning you MUST do


A something
prohibition signs meaning you MUST
10.15 B
NOT do something
What does this sign mean? warning signs alerting you of hazards or
C
danger
safe condition signs giving you
D
A No running allowed information

B There is no escape route


C This is a fire door
D Fire escape route

Answers: 10.13 = B 10.14 = C 10.15 = B 10.16 = B 10.17 = C 10.18 = D


52
Safety signs and signals

10.19 10.22

What does this sign mean? Yellow and black signs are:
C
10
A Toilets and shower facilities
A
mandatory signs - meaning you MUST do
something
B Drying area for wet weather clothes
prohibition signs meaning you MUST
C Emergency first-aid shower B NOT do something
D Fire sprinklers above
warning signs alerting you of hazards or
C
danger
safe condition signs giving you
D information
10.20

What does this sign mean?

10.23
Dispose of substance or contents by
A burning
What does this sign mean?

Warning substance or contents are


B
flammable (can catch fire easily)
A Plant operators wanted
Warning substance or contents could
C
explode B Industrial vehicles are moving about
Warning substance or contents are
D C Manual handling is not allowed
harmful

D Storage area

10.21

What does this sign mean?

A Radioactive area

B Warning explosive substance

C Flashing lights ahead

D Warning laser beams

Answers: 10.19 = C 10.20 = B 10.21 = D 10.22 = C 10.23 = B


53
Fire prevention and control

11.1 11.4
If you discover a fire, the first thing you should Which TWO extinguishers should NOT be used
C do is: on electrical fires?
11
A put any equipment away
A Dry powder (Blue colour band)
finish what you are doing, if it is safe to
B do so
C try to put out the fire Foam (Cream colour band)
B
D raise the alarm

C Water (Res colour band)

11.2 Carbon dioxide (Black colour


D
If you hear the fire alarm, you should go to the: band)

A site entrance
B assembly point
11.5
C site car park
D fire What type of fire extinguisher should NOT be
provided where petrol or diesel stored?

A Foam

11.3 B Water

When using a carbon dioxide (CO2) fire


C Dry power
extinguisher, you must not touch the nozzle D Carbon dioxide
because it gets:

A very cool
B very hot 11.6
C sticky A water fire extinguisher, identified
D very heavy by a red band, should ONLY be used
on what type of fire?

Wood, paper, textile and solid material


A fires
Flammable liquids (fuel, oil, varnish,
B paints, etc.)
C Electrical fires
D Metal and molten metal

Answers: 11.1 = D 11.2 = B 11.3 = A 11.4 = B,C 11.5 = B 11.6 = A


54
11.7 11.9
A DRY POWDER fire extinguisher, A CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2)
identified by a blue band, could be used extinguisher, identified by a black C
on all types of fire but is BEST suited to band, should NOT be used on what 11
what TWO types of fire? type of fire?

Wood, paper, textile and solid material Wood, paper, textile and solid material
A fires
A fires
Flammable liquids (fuel, oil, varnish, Flammable liquids (fuel, oil, varnish,
B paints, etc.)
B paints, etc.)
C Flammable gas (LPG, propane, etc.) C Electrical fires
D Metal and molten metal D Metal and molten metal
E Electrical fires

11.10
11.8
If you see frost around the valve on a
A FOAM extinguisher, identified by a liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinder, it
cream band, should NOT be used on means:
what type of fire? A the cylinder is nearly empty

Wood, paper, textile and solid material B the cylinder is full


A fires C the valve is leaking
Flammable liquids (fuel, oil, varnish, D you must lay the cylinder on its side
B
paints, etc.)
C Metal and molten metal
D Fires with cooking appliances 11.11
All fires need heat, fuel and oxygen. Knowing
this, explain how a water extinguisher puts out
a wood fire.

A By removing the oxygen

B By smothering the flame

C By removing the fuel

D By cooling the fuel

Answers: 11.7 = B, E 11.8 = C 11.9 = D 11.10 = C 11.11 = D


55
Fire prevention and control

11.12 11.14
HSG 168 Fire Safety in Construction is what? As a result of risk assessment, work is to be
C carried out under a hot work permit. The
11 Information given to emergency service permit must specify that the work is:
A crews when attending fires on
carried out at a time when the site is
construction sites A
otherwise unoccupied
A directory of all known construction site
B completed immediately before the end of
fires B
the working day
The Health and Safety guidance for
clients, designers and those managing completed in time for any resultant fire
C and carrying out construction work C to be discovered and dealt with and at
involving significant fire risk least one hour before the site closes

The standard for the colour coding of fire completed one hour after the permit
D D expires
extinguishers

11.13 11.15
What is the MAIN aim of fire precautions on For safety reasons liquefied petroleum gas
site? (LPG) cylinders used for heating the site cabin
must be:
A To have measures in place to fight a fire
A located outside the cabin
For the emergency service to reach a fire located inside the cabin but away from
B as quickly as possible
B the heat source
connected to the heat source by flexible
To ensure everyone reaches safety in the C
C event of a fire
rubber tubing
D laid on their side
D To prevent a fire spreading

11.16
You would expect to see highly flammable
materials being stored:
A in the storage container
against the hoarding, furthest away from
B the site offices
C in a secure compound in the open air
stored in the back o
D f the contractors vehicle

Answers: 11.12 = C 11.13 = C 11.14 = C 11.15 = A 11.16 = C


56
Fire prevention and control

11.17 11.19
Acetylene and oxygen cylinders that are not in Major fires are rare on site, but when they
use are being stored together outside a happen fire and smoke can rapidly spread. C
meeting room. In the interests of everyones What should be in place on all construction 11
safety they should be: sites to ensure precautions required are
adequately assessed?
A kept on a cylinder trolley together
A fire plan/risk assessment carried out at
stored separately and away from site A the start of the project
B accommodation
B Hot work permits
laid down so that they cannot fall over
C and damage the valves A construction phase health and safety
C
stored together but 3 meters away from plan
D site accommodation A fire plan/risk assessment regularly
D
updated to reflect current site conditions

11.18
Work is taking place in a coridor that is a fire 11.20
escape route. The contractor must ensure that: What are TWO common fire risks on
construction sites?
tools, equipment and materials do not
A block the route A 230 volt power tools
B all doors into the corridor are locked
B Poor housekeeping and build up of waste
C only spark-proof tools are used
C Timber racks
all fire escape signs are removed before
D work starts D Uncontrolled hot works

E 110 volt extension reels

Answers: 11.17 = B 11.18 = A 11.19 = D 11.20 = B,D


57
Electrical safety and hand-held tools and equipment

12.1 12.3
Untidy leads and extension cables are If the guard is missing from a power tool you
C responsible for many trips and lost work time should:
12 injuries. What TWO things should you do to
help? A try to make another guard
B use the tool but try to work quickly
Run cables and leads above head height
A and over the top of doorways and not use the tool until a proper guard has
C been fitted
walkways rather than across the floor
D use the tool but work carefully and slowly
Tie any excess cables and leads up into
B the smallest coil possible
Keep cables and leads close to the wall 12.4
C and not in the middle of the floor or
walkway If you need to use a power tool with a rotating
blade, you should:
Make sure your cables go where you
D want them to and not worry about others remove the guard so that you can clearly
A see the blade
Unplug the nearest safety lighting and
E adjust the guard to expose just enough
use these sockets instead
B blade to let you do the job
remove the guard but wear leather
12.2 C gloves to protect your hands
What is the best way to protect an extension adjust the guard to expose the maximum
cable while you work, as well as minimising trip D amount of blade
hazards?

A Run the cable above head height


12.5
B Run the cable by the shortest route Most cutting and grinding machines have
guards. What are the TWO main functions or
C Cover the cable with yellow tape the guard?
To stop materials getting onto the blade
D Cover the cable with pieces of wood A or wheel
B To give the operator a firm handhold
C To balance the machine
D To stop fragments flying into the air
To stop the operator coming into contact
E
with the blade or wheel

Answers: 12.1 = A, C 12.2 = A 12.3 = C 12.4 = B 12.5 = D,E


58
Electrical safety and hand-held tools and equipment

12.6 12.9
Someone near you is using a rotating laser You are inspecting a site where there are
level. What, if any, is the health hazard likely to overhead electric cables. What arrangements C
affect you? should a contractor normally have in place to 12
alert those on site to the presence of the
A Skin cancer
cables? Give TWO answers.
B None if used correctly they are safe
A Scaffolding fan
C Gradual blindness
D To stop fragments flying into the air B Warning signs
E burning of the skin, similar to sunburn
C Gates

D Barriers and height restriction goalpost


12.7
E Traffic lights
It is dangerous to run an abrasive wheel faster
than its recommended top speed. Why?

A The wheel will get clogged and stop 12.10


B The motor could burst into flames Someone near you is using a disc cutter to cut
The wheel could shatter and burst into concrete blocks. What THREE immediate
C many pieces hazards are likely to affect you?

D The safety guard cannot be used A Flying fragments

B Dermatitis

12.8 C Harmful dust in the air


It is safe to work close to an overhead power
line if: D High noise levels

A you do not touch the line E Vibration white finger


B you use a wooden ladder
there is a clear indication that the power
C 12.11
is switched off
When do you need to check tools and
D it is not raining equipment for damage?

A Each time before use

B Every day

C Once a week

D At least one a year

Answers: 12.6 = B 12.7 = C 12.8 = C 12.9 = B, D 12.10 = A,C,D 12.11 = A


59
Electrical safety and hand-held tools and equipment

12.12 12.15
What are the TWO main areas of visual Which TWO of the following would you expect
C inspections you should carry out before each to find on a PAT test label?
12 use of a power tool?
The date when the next safety check is
A Check the carry case isnt broken A
due
Check the power lead, plug and casing B When the equipment was made
B are in good condition Who tested the equipment before it left
Check the manufacturers label hasnt
C the factory
C
come off
D Its earth-loop impedance
Check switches, triggers and guards are
D The date when the equipment was last
adjusted and work correctly E tested as being safe to use (pass)
Check if there is an upgraded model
E available
12.16

12.13 This warning sign means:

A RCD (residual current device) must be used in


conjunction with 230 volt electrical equipment
because it: A risk of electrocution

A lowers the voltage B risk of radiation


Quickly cuts off the power if there is a
B fault C electrical appliance

C Makes the tool runs at a safe speed D risk of lightning


D saves energy and lowers costs

12.14 12.17
How could a site worker check if the RCD The colour of a 110 volt power cable and
(residual current device) through which a 230 connector should be
volt hand tool is connected to the supply is A black
working correctly?
B red
A Switch the tool on and off
C blue
B Press the test button on the RCD unit
D yellow
C Switch the power on and off
Run the tool at top speed to see if it cuts
D
out

Answers: 12.12 = B, D 12.13 = B 12.14 = B 12.15 = A,E 12.16 = A 12.17 = D


60
Electrical safety and hand-held tools and equipment

12.18 12.21
Why do building sites use a 110 volt electricity In the colour coding of electical power supplies
supply instead of the usual 230 volt domestic on site, what voltage does a blue plug C
supply? represent? 12
A it is cheaper A 50 volts
B it is less likely to kill people
B 110 volts
C it moves faster along the cables
D it is safer for the environment C 240 volts

D 415 volts

12.19
What is the significance of a yellow plug and a 12.22
yellow supply cable fitted to an electrical hand On the site electrical distribution system, which
tool? colour plug indicates a 415 volt supply?
A The tool runs of a 110 volt supply A Yellow
The tool is waterproof and can be used
B outdoor in wet condition
B Blue

C
The tool runs off a 240 volt supply and C Black
should not be used on site
The tool has been PAT tested within the
D Red
D past 12 months

12.20

On building sites the recommended safe


voltage for electrical equipment is:

A 12 volts

B 24 volts

C 110 volts

D 240 volts

Answers: 12.18 = B 12.19 = A 12.20 = C 12.21 =C 12.22 = D


61
Site transport safety

13.1 13.3
Which of the following, taken on their own, If you see a dumper being driven too fast, you
C provides the best solution for reducing risks should:
13 related to site transport and access?
keep out of its way and report the matter
Provide all site staff with information A to the site manager
A detailing the site layout and designated
try to catch the dumper and speak to the
traffic routes B driver
A one-way traffic system complete with
B segregated pedestrian routes C
report the matter to the Department of
Occupational Safety & Health (DOSH)
Ensure that there are adequate signs
C directing traffic to various parts of the do nothing, dumpers are allowed to go
D above the site speed limit
sites
Reduce the need for some vehicle
13.4
movements on site by requiring more
D materials to be offloaded manually How should you be told about the site traffic
outside the site rules?

A During site induction


By a Department of Occupational Safety
B & Health (DOSH) inspector
13.2
By a note on the site notice or hazard
Which TWO of the following conditions would C board
you expect a site manager to apply in order to
manage the risk of site staff operating plant? D By the plant operators

The plant operative must be trained and


A 13.5
competent
While observing an excavator digging a trial pit
B The plant operative must be authorised you notice that liquid is drippling and forming a
small pool under the back of the machine.
The plant operative must be over 21 What could this mean?
C years old
It is normal for fluids to vent after the
The plant operative must hold a full A
D machine stops
driving licence
The machine is hot so the diesel has
B expanded and overflowed
The plant operative must be under 65
E
years old Someone put too much diesel into the
C
machine before it started work
The machine may have an hydraulic fluid
D
leak and could be unsafe

Answers: 13.1 = B 13.2 = A, B 13.3 = A 13.4 = A 13.5 = D


62
Site transport safety

13.6 13.9
A mobile plant operative can let people ride in You see a mobile crane lifting a load. The load
their machine: is about to hit something. What should you do? C
A if they have a long way to go 13
A Warn the site manager
B if it is raining
B Warn the person supervising the lift
C if it is designed to carry passengers
D at any time C Warn the crane driver

Do nothing and assume everything is


13.7 D under control
While visiting site you notice a build-up of
diesel fumes in the area of the site that you are
visiting. What is the correct course of action 13.10
that you should take? You think a load is about to fall from a moving
forklift truck. What should you do?
Turn off the piece of plant that is creating
A the fumes Keep clear but try to warn the driver and
A others in the area
Quickly inform the site manager of this
B
hazardous situation Run alongside the machine and try to
B hold on to the load
Carry out the visit quickly to minimise
C exposure C Run and tell the site manager
Move out of the affected area at regular
D intervals to get fresh air D Sound the nearest fire alarm bell

13.11

13.8 The correct procedure for using a tower crane


to offload a lorry is for:
Which of the following represents good site
management on the public road approaching a lorry drivers to sling the load before the
A
site? trained slinger/signaller arrives

A place where drivers can park delivery anyone to sling the load, providing it will
A B not pass over people when on the crane
lorries off the road
Items of plant parked to free up space on a trained slinger/signaller to carry out the
B C offloading operation
site
Apologies for any inconvenience caused the crane driver to instruct an operative
C D
signs to sling the load

Contractors asked to park half on the


D footpath and half on the road so the site
entrance can be seen more easily

Answers: 13.6 = C 13.7 = B 13.8 = A 13.9 = B 13.10 = A 13.11 = C 63


Site transport safety

13.12 13.15
All lifting equipment and accessories should be: You are walking across the site. A large mobile
C crane reverses across your path. What should
13 brightly coloured, inspected and clearly you do?
A signed
A Help the driver to reverse
B regularly maintained, clean and tidy
logged, inspected, thoroughly examined Start to run so that you can pass behind
C B the reversing crane
and marked
strong enough for the load and always C Pass close to the front of the crane
D fitted with outriggers
Wait of find another way around the
D
crane
13.13
You need to walk past someone using a mobile
crane. You should:
13.16
anticipate what the crane operator will
A When is site transport allowed to drive along a
do next and then pass
pedestrian route?
try to catch the attention of the crane
B operator first A During meal breaks
walk past but only if you are wearing
C Class 2 or Class 3 hi-vis clothing B If it is the shortest route

take another route so that you stay clear Only if necessary and if all pedestrians
D C
of the crane are excluded
Only if the vehicles has a flashing yellow
D light

13.14
You need to walk past a 360 mobile crane. The
crane is operating near a wall. What is the main 13.17
danger? How would you expect a well-organised site to
keep pedestrians away from traffic routes?
You may put the crane driver off if he
A suddenly sees you The site manager will direct all
A pedestrians away from traffic route
You could be crushed if you walk
B between the crane and the wall The traffic routes will be shown on the
B site notice or hazard board
The cranes diesel exhaust fumes could
C build up near the wall and become a There will be physical barriers between
hazard to you C traffic and pedestrian routes
Noise levels may increase above safe The plant operator will be given strict
D
levels as they will echo off the wall D instructions on which route they must
take

Answers: 13.12 = C 13.13 = D 13.14 = B 13.15 = D 13.16 = C 13.17 = C


64
Site transport safety

13.18 13.21
A site vehicle is most likely to injure A forklift truck is blocking the way to where
pedestrians when it is: you want to go on site. It is lifting materials on C
to a scaffold. What should you do?
A reversing 13
Only walk under the raised load if you are
A wearing a safety helmet
B lifting materials onto scaffolds
Catch the drivers attention and then
C tipping into an excavation B
walk under the raised load

D digging out footings Start to run so that you are not under the
C load for very long
Wait or go around, but never walk under
13.19 D
a raised load
You must not walk behind a lorry when it is
reversing because:
13.22
A most lorries are not fitted with mirrors Which of the following is the most effective
way of preventing pedestrians being struck by
the driver is unlikely to know you are
B there
site vehicles?
All vehicles must switch on their flashing
C the driver may think you are the signaller A
amber beacon
D you could be overcome by exhaust fumes
B
Separate access gates and routes for
pedestrians and vehicles
Hi-vis vests being worn when pedestrians
C walk up the site road
13.20 A wide site road with a good quality
D surface
The easiest way to where you want to be on
site is through a contractors vehicles
compound. Which route should you take? 13.23
Around the compound if vehicles are Of the following, which is the best risk control
A moving measure with regard to site vehicles reversing?
Straight through the compound if no
B vehicles appear to be moving A Setting a speed limit on site

C Around the compound every time B Vehicles fitted with reversing bleepers

Through the compound but staying close A signaller to reverse all vehicles,
D C especially on and off site
to the edge away from vehicles
All vehicles fitted with CCTV to help them
D
reverse

Answers: 13.18 = A 13.19 = B 13.20 = C 13.21 = D 13.22 = B 12.23 = C


65
Site transport safety

13.24
When you walk across the site, what is the best
C way to avoid an accident with mobile plant?
13
A Keep to the designated pedestrian routes

B Keep to the routes everyone else is taking

Get the attention of the driver before you


C go too close

D Wear hi-vis clothing

13.25
Which of these would you NOT expect to see if
site transport is well organised?

A Speed limits

Barriers to keep pedestrians away from


B mobile plants and vehicles
Pedestrians and mobile plant using the
C same routes

D One-way systems

13.26
Before allowing a lifting operation to be carried
out, the contractor must ensure that the
sequence of operations to enable a lift to be
carried out safely is confirmed in:

A verbal instructions

B a lift plan or method statement

C a toolbox talk

D a risk assessment

Answers: 13.24 = A 13.25 = C 13.26 = B


66
High risk activities
Contents
14 Working at height 68
15 Excavations and confined spaces 77

67
Working at height

14.1 14.4
If someone is wearing a harness while working If a fall-restraint lanyard has damage stitching,
D at height. What else must be done? the user should
14 Provide an extra harness in case theirs
A Use the lanyard if the damaged stitching
breaks A is less than two inches long
Nothing else, wearing a harness is good
B enough B Get a replacement lanyard

Have a rescue plan in place to retrieve Do not use the damaged lanyard and
C C
them quickly if they fall work without one
Have a second person warn them if they Use the lanyard if the damaged stitching
D D is less than six inches long
are too close to the edge

14.2
What is the main danger of leaving someone 14.5
who has fallen suspended in a harness for too
In order to carry out a structural inspection you
long?
need to wear a full body harness. You have
A The anchorage point may fail never used one before. What must happen
before you start work?
They may try to climb back up the
B structure and fall again Your employer must provide you with
They may suffer severe trauma or even A information, competent advice and
C death training

Ask someone wearing a similar harness to


D It is a distraction for other workers B show you what to do

C Try to work it out for yourself


14.3
Read the instruction book and follow any
When is it most appropriate to use a safety D advice that it contains
harness and lanyard for working a height?

A Only when the roof has a steep pitch

Only when crossing a flat roof with clear


B roof lights

Only when all other options for fall


C prevention have been ruled out

D Only when materials are stored at height

Answers: 14.1 = C 14.2 = C 14.3 = C 14.4 = B 14.5 = A


68
Working at height

14.6 14.9
A design feature of some airbags used for fall
Under scaffolding requirements, the minimum
arrest is a controlled leak rate. If you are using
width of a working platform must be: D
these, the inflation pump must:
14
A Be electrically powered A Two scaffold boards wide
Be switched off from time to time to B Three scaffold boards wide
B
avoid over-inflation
Run all the time while work is carried out C Four scaffold boards wide
C
at height D Suitable and sufficient for the job in hand
D Be switched off when the airbags are full

14.10
14.7 On a working platform, the minimum height of
Why is it dangerous to use inflatable airbags the main guard-rail must be:
for fall arrest that are too big for the area to be
protected? A 750 mm

B 850 mm
They will exert a sideways pressure on
A
anything that is containing them C 950 mm

B
The pressure in the bags will cause them D 1,050 mm
to burst

C The inflation pump will become overload


14.11
D They will not fully inflate
The Beaufort Scale is important when planning
any external work at height because it
measures:
14.8 A Air temperature
On a working platform, the maximum
permitted gap between the guard-rail is:
B The load-bearing capacity of a flat roof

C Wind speed
A 350 mm
D The load-bearing capacity of a scaffold
B 470 mm

C 490 mm

D 510 mm

Answers: 14.6 = C 14.7 = A 14.8 = B 14.9 = D 14.10 = C 14.11 = C


69
Working at height

14.12 14.14
What is the most effective method to prevent Edge protection must be designed to:
D workers falling from height while carrying out
14 construction and maintenance work? A Allow persons to work both sides

Leave the decisions on how to work at B Secure tools and materials close to edge
A height to the principal contractor
Warn people where the edge of the roof
C is
Ensure details of risky operations are
B included in the construction phase health D Prevent people and materials falling
and safety plan

Educate the workforce to be more careful


C while working at height 14.15

Ensure that design and construction Risk assessment will determine you are
D solutions eliminate the need for working working at height when you could fall from:
at height
A The first lift of a scaffold or higher

14.13
B 2 m above the ground or higher

What is the main reason for using a safety net Any height that would cause an injury if
C
or other soft-landing system rather than a you fell
personal fall-arrest system?
D 3 m above the ground or higher
Soft-landing systems are cheaper to use
A and do not need inspecting
It is always easy to rescue workers who 14.16
B fall into a soft-landing system Following the principles of prevention, which of
the following is to be regarded as the last
Specialist knowledge is not required to resort for someones safety when working at
C install soft-landing systems height?
Soft-landing systems are collective fall A Safety harness and fall arrest lanyard
D arrest measures
B Safety netting or airbags

C Mobile elevating work platform (MEWP)

D Access tower scaffold

Answers: 14.12 = D 14.13 = D 14.14 = D 14.15 = C 14.16 = A


70
Working at height

14.17 14.20
What is the best way to make sure that a When using portable or pole ladders for access,
ladder is secure and wont slip? what is the maximum vertical distance D
between landings? 14
A Ensure that it is tied at the top
A 5m
Ask someone to stand with their foot on B There is no maximum
B the bottom rung
C 9m
C Tie it at the bottom
D 30 m
Ask for the bottom of the ladder to be
D wedged with blocks of wood
14.21
A Class 3 ladder is:
14.18 For domestic use only and must not be
A
To ensure the safety of people who have to used at work
gain access to a place of work at height, ladders Of industrial quality and can be used at
are: B work
A Always acceptable for work below 2 m A ladder that has been made to a
C European Standard
Alright to use if it gets the job done more
B quickly Made of insulating material and can be
D used near to overhead cables
Generally the least favoured option in the
C hierarchy of risk

D Now banned on all sites 14.22


When using a ladder what should the slope or
angle of the ladder be?
14.19
How far should a ladder extend above the A
stepping-off point if there is no alternative,
firm handhold?
B
A Two rungs

B Three rungs C
C Five rungs or one metre

D Half a metre D

Answers: 14.17 = A 14.18 = C 14.19 = C 14.20 = C 14.21 = A 14.22 = C


71
Working at height

14.23 14.26
To ensure your safety when carrying out an An outdoor tower scaffold has stood overnight
D inspection at height, mobile tower scaffolds in high winds and heavy rain. What should you
14 must only be erected by: consider before the scaffold is used?

A Someone who has the instruction books A That the brakes still work
Tying the scaffold to the adjacent
Someone who is trained , competent and B
structure
B
authorised
That the scaffold is inspected by a
C
competent person
C Advanced scaffolders

D A worker of the hire company That the platform hatch still works
D correctly

14.24
14.27
As part of a feasibility study you are planning
an inspection of roof truss inside a factory A person is going to be working on a mobile
building. What is the recommended maximum tower but will not be erecting, altering or
height for a free-standing mobile tower when dismantling it. What training should they have?
used indoors?
They need the same level of training as a
A person erecting, altering or dismantling
A There is no height restriction

B Three lifts B They do not need any training


They should be briefed on the safe use
C As specified by the manufacturer C and hazards of working on a mobile
tower
D Three times the longest base dimension
They should be in possession of the
D manufacturers instructions

14.25
After gaining access to the platform of a mobile
tower that has its wheels locked, the first thing
you should do is

Check that the towers brakes are locked


A on
Check that the tower has been correctly
B
assembled

Close the access hatch to stop people or


C equipment from falling

Check that the tower does not rock or


D
wobble

Answer: 14.23 = B 14.24 = C 14.25 = C 14.26 = C 14.27 = C


72
Working at height

14.28 14.31
How will you know the maximum weight or A mobile elevating work platform (MEWP) is
number of people that can be lifted safely on a being used to carry out work at height. What is D
mobile elevating work platform (MEWP)? the only circumstance in which it is acceptable
14
to lower the platform using the ground-level
The weight limit is reached when the controls?
A platform is full
When the person using the ground-level
A controls is competent to do so
B It will say on the Health and Safety Poster
B In an emergency
C You will be told during site induction If the person working on the platform
C needs to step off the MEWP to gain
From an information plate fixed to the access to the high-level work area
D machine
If the person working on the platform
D needs both hands free to carry out the
job in hand.
14.29

When is it safe to use a mobile elevating work 14.32


platform (MEWP) on soft ground?
You have to carry out an inspection at height,
using a cherry picker. You would NOT clip
A When the ground is dry yourself to the machine using a restraint
lanyard if the work involved:
When the machine can stand on scaffold
B planks laid over the soft ground
A Any type of roof work
When stabilisers or outriggers can be
C B Working over or near to deep water
deployed onto solid ground
Clambering from the machine on to the
D Never C structure
Standing on the mid guard-rail to carry
D out the inspection
14.30
If someone is working from a cherry picker,
they should attach their safety lanyard to a:

strong part of the structure that they are


A working on

designed anchorage point inside the


B platform

C Secure point on the boom of the machine

D scaffold guard-rail

Answers: 14.28 = D 14.29 = C 14.30 = B 14.31 = B 14.32 = B


73
Working at height

14.33 14.36
Your organisations policy is to avoid walking
D on fragile roof materials. A common example
14 of fragile roof material is: What does this sign mean?
A Asphalt felt roof Load bearing roof. OK to stand on surface
A but not any roof light
Asbestos cement sheets or plastic roof
B
lights Fragile roof. Take care when walking on
B roof surface
C Raised seam roofs
Fragile roof. Do not stand directly on roof
D Single-ply membrane C but use fall protection measures
Load-bearing roof. Surface can be
D
slippery when wet

14.34
14.37
You are inspecting a flat roof. What is the best
way to stop yourself and others from falling To ensure your safety and that of the site
over the edge? workers, what should the contractor include in
a safety method statement for working at
Have a large warning sign placed at the height? Give THREE answers.
A edge of the roof
Ask someone to keep watch and to shout A The cost of the job and time it will take
B out when someone gets too close to the
The sequence of operations and the
edge B equipment to be used
Ask for the edge to be protected with a
C guard-rail and toe-board How much insurance cover will be
C
Ask for red and white tape to mark the required
D edge D How falls are to be prevented

E Who will supervise the job on site


14.35
What is the best way to stop people falling
through voids, holes or fragile roof panels?

Tell everyone where the dangerous areas


A are
Covers, secured in place, that can take
B the weight of a person and add warning
signage
C Cover them with netting
D Mark the areas with red and white tape

Answers: 14.33 = B 14.34 = C 14.35 = B 14.36 = C 14.37 = B, D, E 74


Working at height

14.38 14.41
When work is being carried out above public How should access be controlled, if people are
areas, your first consideration should be to: working in a riser shaft? D
Minimise the number of people below at A By a site security operative 14
A any one time B By those who are working in it
Provide alternative routes for the public C By the main contractor
B and keep them away from the area
D By a permit to work system
C Let the public know what you are doing

D Provide netting to prevent falling

14.42
14.39 You are working at height taking site
Which of the following provides the public with measurements, but the securing cord for a
adequate protection from falling objects? safety net is in your way. What should you do?
Unite the cord, carry out your work and
A Clear warning signs A tie it up again
A worker in a hi-vis vest standing on the Untie the cord, but ask the contractor to
B B
footway to warn people re-tie it when you have finished
C Viewing panels in the site hoarding Tell the contractor that you are going to
C untie the cord
A fan or scaffold tunnel over the
D footway Leave the cord alone and report the
D problem to the contractor

14.40
All work at height must be:
14.43
A Risk assessed and properly planned While carrying out a site visit you see someone
who is working above a safety net system that
B Only undertaken by scaffold contactors is damaged. What should you do?
C Carried out as quickly as possible Ask them to work somewhere away from
A the damaged area of net
Suspended if the forecast wind speed is
D above Force 2 Ask them to stop work and report it to
B
the site manager
Ask them to tie the damaged edges
C together using the net test cords
Ask them to go and see if they can get
D hold of a harness and lanyard

Answers: 14.38 = B 14.39 = D 14.40 = A 14.41 = D 14.42 = D 14.43 = B


75
Working at height

14.44 14.46
A scaffold guard-rail must be removed to allow When can someone who is not a scaffolder
D you to carry out a survey. You are not a remove parts of a scaffold?
14 scaffolder. Can you removed the guard-rail?

Yes, if you put it back as soon as you have If the scaffold is not more than two lifts in
A A height
finished
Yes, if you put it back before you leave As long as a scaffolder refits the parts
B B after the work has finished
site
No, only a scaffolder can remove the Never, only competent scaffolders can
C C remove the parts
guard-rail but you can put it back
No, only a scaffolder can remove the D Only if it is a tube and fittings scaffold
D
guard-rail and put it back

14.45 14.47

To ensure your safety when using a scaffold to You need to use a ladder to get to a scaffold
carry out an inspection at height, a competent platform. Which of these statements is true?
person must routinely inpsect the scaffold:
It must be tied and extend about five
Before it is first used and then at intervals A
A not exceeding seven days
rungs above the platform

B All broken rungs must be clearly marked


B Only after it has been erected
It must be wedged at the bottom to stop
After it has been erected and then at C
C it slipping
monthly intervals
Two people must be on the ladder at all
After it has been erected and then at D times to provide stability
D intervals not exceeding 10 days

14.48
If a scaffold is not complete, which of the
following actions should be taken by site
manager?
Make sure the scaffolders complete the
A scaffold
B Tell all operatives not to use the scaffold
Use the scaffold with care and display a
C
warning notice
Prevent access to the scaffold by
D
unauthorised people

Answers: 14.44 = D 14.45 = A 14.46 = C 14.47 = A 14.48 = D


76
Working at height

15.1 15.4
You are in a deep trench and start to feel dizzy. You are in a confined space. If the level of
What should you do? oxygen drops: D
15
Ask others if they feel dizzy, if they dont A Your hearing could be affected
A
carry on for five minutes
B There is a high risk of fire or explosion
Have a drink its the first sign of
B dehydration C You could become unconscious
Make sure that you and any others get
C D You might get dehydrated
out quickly and report it
Sit down, put your head between your
D knees and take deep breaths to get some
oxygen back into your system 15.5
You are working in a confined space when you
notice the smell of bad eggs. This smell is a sign
of:
15.2
Which of these is NOT a hazard in a confined A Hydrogen sulphide
space? B Oxygen
C Methane
A Toxic gas
B A lack of carbon dioxide D Carbon dioxide

C A lack of oxygen
D Flammable or explosive gas 15.6
You need to walk through sludge at the bottom
of a confined space. Which of these is NOT a
hazard?
15.3
A The release of oxygen
Why is methane gas dangerous in confined
spaces? Give TWO answers. B The release of toxic gases

A It can explode C Slips and trips

B It makes you hyperactive D The release of flammable gases


You will not be able to see because of the
C dense fumes
D It makes you dehydrated
You will not have enough oxygen to
E breathe

Answers: 15.1 = C 15.2 = B 15.3 = A,E 15.4 = C 15.5 = A 15.6 = A


77
Excavations and confined spaces

15.7 15.9
You are in a confined space when the gas alarm What danger is created by excessive oxygen in
D sounds. You have no respiratory protective a confined space?
15 equipment (RPE). What should you do?
A Increase in breathing rate of workers
Reset the gas alarm and see if it goes off
A Increased flammability of combustible
again B materials
Get out the confined space quickly, while
B warning others C Decreased working time inside work area

Reset the gas alarm and test another area D False sense of security
C in the confined space
Wait for one minute and see if the gas
D alarm cancels 15.10
Guard-rail should be placed around the top an
excavation to prevent:

A Plant from topping into the excavation


15.8 Anyone falling into the trench and being
B injured
As part of a site survey you are required to
work in a confined space. How should the air C The sides of the trench from collapsing
be checked?
materials from spoil heaps falling into the
Unsafe atmospheres have a particular D excavation
A odour so someone should go in and smell
the air
No-one should enter until the air has 15.11
B been tested with the appropriate gas You are standing near a deep trench. A lorry
detection meter backs up to the trench and the engine is left
Warning signs will indicate the presence running. What should you do?
C
of an unsafe atmosphere Put on ear defenders to cut out the
A engine noise
Unsafe atmospheres have little oxygen so
D the air should be tested with a flame to Ignore the problem, the lorry will soon
see if it stays alight B
drive away
Look to see if there is a toxic gas meter in
C the trench
D Get everyone out of the trench quickly

Answers: 15.7 = B 15.8 = B 15.9 = B 15.10 = B 15.11 = D


78
Excavations and confined spaces

15.12 15.15
An excavation must be supported if: When is it advisable to take precautions to
prevent the fall of persons, materials or
equipment into an excavation?
D
A It is more than 5 m deep 15
A At all times
B It is more than 1.2 m deep
B When the excavation is 2 m deep or more
C There is a risk of the sides falling in When more than five people are
C working in the excavation
D Any buried services cross the excavation
When there is a risk from an
D underground cable or other service

15.13 15.16

You are looking at an excavation. If you see the You are inspecting an excavation into which
side supports move, you should first: dumpers are tipping materials. What would
you expect to see to prevent dumpers from
A keep watching to see if they move again falling into or damaging the egde of the
make sure that everyone working in the excavation?
B
excavation gets out quickly Dumpers kept 5 m away from the
A excavation
Do nothing as slight movement in the
C
supports is quite normal. Stop blocks provided, parallel to the
D Move to another part of the excavation B trench, appropriate to the vehicles wheel
size
Dumper drivers required to judge the
C distance carefully or given stop signals by
another person
15.14
Cones or signage erected to indicate safe
Which of the following is a significant hazard D tipping point
when excavating alongside a building or
structure?
Undermining or weakening the
A foundations of the building
Noise and vibration affecting the
B
occupiers of the building
C Ground water could enter the excavation
Damage to the surface finish of the
D
building or structure

Answers: 15.12 = C 15.13 = B 15.14 = A 15.15 = A 15.16 = B


79
Excavations and confined spaces

15.17 15.20
The current Construction Regulations require a What must happen each time before a shift
D supported excavation to be inspected by a work starts in an excavation?
competent person:
15 The workers should tighten any loose
A Every seven days A supports
at the start of the shift when the work is A competent person must inspect the
B B
to be carried out excavation
C One a month The workers should go down and pump
C out any rainwater
D When it is more than 2 m deep
The worker should go down and check all
D is OK and report back to the supervisor

15.18
Which of these is the most accurate way to 15.21
locate buried services? What is the safe way to get into a deep
A Existing service drawings excavation?

B Trial holes A Climb down a ladder


C Survey drawings B Use the buried services as steps
D Architect drawings
Climb down the shoring or trench
C support
Climb down a secured ladder that
15.19
D extends five rungs or one metre past the
Which piece of equipment may need to be stepping on point
used with a cable avoidance tool (CAT) in order
detect cables?

A Insulated shovel or spade


15.22
B Signal generator (genny)
If you need to work in confined space, one duty
C Excavator bucket with no teeth of the top man is to:
D Gas detector Tell you how to work safely in confined
A
spaces
Enter the confined space if there is a
B
problem
C Start the rescue plan if needed
D Supervise the work in the confined space

Answers: 15.17 = B 15.18 = B 15.19 = B 15.20 = B 15.21 = D 15.22 = C


80
Excavations and confined spaces

15.23 15.26
The best way to avoid the potential for You are required to undertake a survey in what
someone becoming trapped in an excavation is you suspect might be a confined space. What D
to? should be your first consideration? 15
eliminate the need for anyone to go into
A Make sure that you have the correct
it A equipment to test the atmosphere
B Check the contractors method statement
Make sure that you have a colleague with
Review the last excavation inspection B you
C record
Check if the information you need can be
Go down in a cage suspended from a C obtained remotely to avoid entering the
D crane space
Follow a safe system of work for entering
D the confined space, including emergency
arrangements
15.24
If there is the potential for work to be carried
out in a confined space the FIRST consideration
should be, can it be: 15.27
A Undertaken by someone else You are arranging for an inspection in a
confined space to be carried out. Which are the
B Avoided where possible
TWO most important safety requirements?
Managed by limiting the amount of time A Completing a permit to work form
C people are in it
B Informing your office before entering
D Controlled with radios or mobile phones
Entering slowly and breathing shallowly
C until you are sure the air is good to
breath
15.25 Ensuring that a safe system of work has
D been identified and is followed
Work in a confined space usually needs three
safety documents a risk assessment, a Making sure that emergency rescue
E
method statement and a: arrangements are in place

A Permit to work

B Hot work permit

C COSHH assessment

D Health and safety policy

Answers: 15.23 = A 15.24 = B 15.25 = A 15.26 = C 15.27 = D,E


81
Excavations and confined spaces

15.28
Before planning for anyone to enter a confined
D space, following the principles of prevention
what should be the first consideration of the
15 contractors responsible person?
Has the atmosphere in the confined
A space been tested?
Has a safe means of access and egress
B
been established?
Is there an alternative method of doing
C
the works?
Have all who intend to enter the confined
D space been properly trained?

Answer: 15.28 =C
82
Environment
Contents
Environmental awareness and
16 84
waste control

83
Environment awareness and waste control

16.1 16.3
You become aware that operatives have If you find bats on site, which of the following
E destroyed the nest of nesting birds during a
refurbishment job. Which of the following is a
statements is true?
16 possible outcome? Bats are NOT a protected species so you
A can disturb or destroy their shelters or
A A visit from an Safety inspector
resting places
A prohibition notice issued by the
You can move the bats as long as you do
B Department of Occupational Safety & B it at night when they are out foraging
Health (DOSH)
You can disturb or destroy shelters or
C Prosecution by the Environment Agency
C resting places of bates if they get in the
A caution by the police force wildlife way of building work
D crimes officer
All bat species and their roosts are
D protected. You cannot disturb them
without mitigation licensed.
16.2
What is the legal duty of the site manager in
relation to a non-native invasice species of 16.4
plant, such as knotweed, which is discovered
A bird is discovered on a nest in an area where
on site?
work is to take place. What should you do?
To ensure it is transplanted in a part of
A the site where it will not be disturbed in A Cover it with a bucket
the future Move it, do your work and then put it
B back
To prevent the spread of the plant in the
B wild Protect the nest and seek specialist
C advise on how to proceed
To inform the Department of
C Occupational Safety & Health (DOSH) of D Scare it away
its presence
To leave it undisturbed as it is protected
D
by law

Answers: 16.1 = D 16.2 = B 16.3 = D 16.4 = C


84
Environment awareness and waste control

16.5 16.7
What duty-of-care documentation should you You are in charge of a waste compound and
use for HAZARDOUS waste leaving your site? someone comes to you with a half empty paint E
tin. Is this hazardous waste?
A waste transfer note with a written
16
A A Yes, all paints are hazardous
description of the waste
Yes, if it has hazardous symbols on the
A consignment note that includes details B packaging
B of the disposal or treatment facility
C Yes, but only of the paint was still liquid
None, as long as the carrier has a waste
C D No, paint is never hazardous
carriers licence
A skip ticket that includes the vehicle
D registration number
16.8
You see that a skip on your site has a few
16.6 asbestos tiles mixed into the waste. Does this
make the whole skip hazardous waste?
A skip-lorry driver hands you a copy of the
Hazardous Waste Consignment Note with No, because the asbestos is only a very
A small part of the waste
carriers details signed. If you are responsible
for the waste, what is the first thing you need No, because bonded asbestos is not
to do with it? B dangerous to health
Refuse to take the note as you do not
A C
Yes, but only if the asbestos is more than
need a copy
10% of the skip
Take the note and file it for future
B Yes , because any quantity of asbestos is
reference
D hazardous regardless of how big the skip
Check that the details in all Sections are is
C correct.
As the waste is on his truck it is not your 16.9
D responsibility to sign the note If you see environmental incidents and near
misses while on site when should you report
these?
Never, this is a problem for the
A
contractor
B During your next break
C As soon as practical
At the end of the day just before you
D leave site

Answers: 16.5 = B 16.6 = C 16.7 = B 16.8 = D 16.9 = C


85
Environment awareness and waste control

16.10 16.13
On a contaminated land remediation project,
E which of the following would you expect to be
A full 200-litre drum carrying in place to avoid contamination of the
16
either of these symbols has toppled over and surrounding area?
the whole content has seeped into the ground.
Which of the following agencies should be Warning signs that state that visitors are
A
informed? excluded from the site

The Department of Occupational Safety & B Overalls for all visitors


A Health (DOSH) Adequate provision for vehicle wheel
C
washing
B The EU Authority on Chemical Safety
Respiratory protective equipment (RPE)
C The Department of Environment (DOE) D
for all visitors
D The Health Protection Agency

16.14
16.11 What final element is missing from this simple
When installing a fuel-oil storage area, the four point pollution incident response plan?
contractor must include: Stop Contain Clean up - ?

A Water type fire extinguishers A Review

B Suitable bunding B Notify


C Take action
C Hand-washing facilities
A porous ground surface to absorb
D Re-start work
D spillage

16.15
16.12
When assessing pollution risk, prior to starting
When setting up a fuel storage tank on site, a works on a construction site, which of the
spillage bund must have a minimum capacity of following should NOT be done?
the contents of the tank, plus:
Locate and identify surface water drains
A
A 10% with blue paint
B 15% B Seal up all drains and gullies on site

C 20% Identify the risk of pollution for work


C activities entering existing drains
D 25%
Inspect existing gullies, silt traps and oil
D separators

Answers: 16.10 = C 16.11 = B 16.12 = A 16.13 = C 16.14 = B 16.15 = B


86
Environment awareness and waste control

16.16 16.19
Which TWO of the following are possible To prevent pollution to watercourses what
pollution risks that could result from TWO things should you consider to control E
excavation activities? surface water runoff from material stockpiles? 16
A Collapse of the sides Digging cut-off trenches around the
A stockpile
B Contaminated soils
Directing the water runoff away from the
C Pumping out of silty water
B watercourse to the nearest surface water
D Electrocution from buried services drain
E Disturbing protected species Channelling the water runoff directly into
C the foul water sewer
Making sure stockpiles are more than
D
16.17 215m away from watercourses
Which TWO of the following should be E Installing silt fence around the stockpile
undertaken to help improve a pollution
incident response?
A Train workforce in the use of spill kits 16.20
B Always refuel using drip trays What TWO precautions must be taken to
reduce the risk of water pollution from a
Practise the incident response by
C undertaken mock exercise
concrete or mortar batching plant? It should
be:
Train one responsible person in the use
D of spill kits A At least 5 m from a watercourse

E Only use biodegradable fuels B At least 10 m from a watercourse

C Sited on a designated impermeable area

16.18 Not allowed on site if water pollution is a


D
Which TWO of the following will help to possibility
minimise dust from stockpiles of soil?
Only used under the direct supervision of
E an Environment Agency inspector
Void moving materials when nearby
A
residents are at home
B Damping down the materials with water
C Seed the stockpile
Regularly move/mix materials between
D stockpiles
Have a supply of face masks suitable for
E
nuisance dust

Answers: 16.16 = B, C 16.17 = A,C 16.18 = B,C 16.19 = A,E 16.20 = B,C
16.15 = B 87
Environment awareness and waste control

16.21 16.23
A concrete washout container that contains a A plant refuelling point is to be set up on a new
E significant quantity of concrete washwaters site. Which of the following is the preferred
that have settled out and look clear, has to be method of fuel transfer?
16
emptied. Which TWO of the following may be
possible to avoid pollution? A Decanting from jerry cans using a funnel

Pump the clear water into the foul sewer B Gravity feed from a bulk storage tank
A with permission from the sewage
C Siphon the fuel by mouth
undertaker
Pumped system with a nozzle fitted with
Pump and spread the water across any D
B grassed areas on site
an auto cut-off device

Pump the water as part of future


C concrete mixing on site
Pump the water into the surface water 16.24
D
drain What is the Code for Sustainable Homes?
Pump the water down the nearest road
E gully A A new safety code for house building
A code designed to make new buildings
B better for the environment by using less
water and energy
16.22
An advert for developers to charge more
Which of the follwing are TWO environmental C for their houses
reasons for preventing concrete, screed or
mortar wash out water from entering Guidance on how to give a house a
watercourses or underground aquifers?
D
makeover

A It can change the colour of the water

B It can change the pH balance of the water


It will improve the flow of the
C
watercourse
It will pollute the water and could harm
D
water wildlife
It may be part of the conditions of
E contract and a client requirement

Answers: 16.21 = A, C 16.22 = B, D 16.23 =D 16.24 =B


88
Environment awareness and waste control

16.25 16.27
What is sustainable development?
Which THREE of the following are ways to
Development that sorts out our needs indicate that site management is complying
E
A now with the Site Waste Management Regulations? 16
Development that both deals with our
B Operatives are informed of waste
current needs and our future needs
A management issues during site induction
Development only about our future
C needs
Detailed records are kept of how and
Development that is concerned with B when waste was removed, who removed
D giving aid to foreign countries it and where it was taken

Sub-contractors deal with their own


C
waste and keep their own records
16.26
Under Environmental Law, which statement is Wastes are separated into different types
D of materials
true?
Companies AND individuals can be Hazardous and non-hazardous waste are
A prosecuted if they do not follow the law E put into the same skip for separation at
the waste transfer station
It can be illegal to disturb protected
B species, their shelters or their resting
places
It is illegal to transport waste without a 16.28
C licence What is Landfill Tax?
D All of these answers
A A tax on construction generally
B A tax on buying land to build on
A tax on a specific method of waste
C disposal
A tax to help local authorities to earn
D income

Answers: 16.25 = B 16.26 = D 16.27 =A, B, D 16.28 =C


89
Environment awareness and waste control

16.29 16.31
Why do we need to separate waste plaster and You are aware that a job has resulted in some
E plasterboard from other types of waste? plasterboard off-cuts. Can these go in with the
general waste?
16 A Because they are worth money
Yes, because plasterboard is not
Because they can react with other landfill A hazardous waste
B wastes and produce a toxic gas
Yes, because the boards will only be a
Because we are running out of
B
small proportion of the skip content
C
plasterboard and need to reuse them No, because plasterboard is hazardous
C
D Because the client wanted us to do so waste
No, because plasterboard should not be
D mixed with other wastes
16.30
Overnight someone places an old fridge in your 16.32
general waste skip. What should you do?
Someone has turned up at the site and offered
Make sure the fridge is covered with to take your surplus soil away for free. Which
A other waste of the following is NOT a legal requirement?
Take the fridge out of the skip and
B dispose of it separately
A They are a registered waste carrier

Tell the skip driver that there is a fridge in They are able to complete a duty of care
C B
the skip note

D Break the fridge up in the skip C They have got a clean driving licence
They will take the soil to an authorised
D
site

Answers: 16.29 = B 16.30 = B 16.31 =D 16.32 =C


90
Specialist activities
Contents
The following specialist activities are included within
the managers and professionals test and all need to
be revised.
17 Legal & other requirements 92
18 Demolition 97
19 Plumbing or gas 101
20 Highway works 104

91
Legal & other requirements

17.1 17.3
Under the current Construction Regulations, Under the current Construction Regulations,
F who has responsibility for appointing a who has the legal responsibility for ensuring
17 competent Contractors? that project arrangements are in place for the
allocation of sufficient resources?
A All duty holders
A The Sub-contractor
B The client
B The client
C Any contractor
C The lead designer
D The principal contractor
D The principal contractor

17.2
If a designer appoints another designer or a 17.4
contractor, the current Construction
Regulations requires them to: In what circumstances must a construction
phase health and safety plan be prepared?
A Agree production and payment terms
They are required on every construction
B ensure that they attend the site induction
A project

be sure that they carry out their duties B Only if the client requires one
C
under the regulations
C Only if it is a contractual requirement
D Be satisfied that they are competent
Whenever the project is notifiable under
D the Regulations

Answers: 17.1 = B 17.2 = D 17.3 = B 17.4 = D


92
Legal & other requirements

17.5 17.8
In meeting the risk management objectives of The design team has agreed with the client to
the current Construction Regulations, which omit reference to asbestos in a work package, F
statement summarises the best project even though asbestos is present in the
attitude for improving health and safety on
17
structure. In this circumstance the design team
construction sites? and the client have acted:
Only the Principal Contractor can
A A Reasonably practicably
eliminate hazards
Only the client has the budget to B Illegally
B
eliminate hazard
C Legally
Designers and contractors can eliminate
C
significant hazards D With adequate regard
Designers identify hazards and
D
contractors eliminate them

17.6 17.9
Initially, who is most likely to hold most When visiting a structure built in the last 10
information about the health and safety years where would you expect to find
constraints of the site? information about the risks associated with
completed structure?
A The Sub-Contractor
B The principal contractor A Construction phase plan
The Department of Occupational Safety & B Operation and maintenance manuals
C Health (DOSH)
D The client C Original project specification

D Health and safety file


17.7
Who is responsible for managing health and
safety on construction sites?

A The Sub-Contractor

B The principal contractor

C The client

D The designer

Answers: 17.5 = C 17.6 = D 17.7 = B 17.8 = B 17.9 = D


93
Legal & other requirements

17.10 17.13
Under the current Construction Regulations the Which one of the following directly controls the
F duty to apply the principles of prevention rests way works are undertaken on site?
17 with which duty holders?
The principal contractors health and
A
A Designers and clients safety policy statement

B Contractors and principal contractors The Department of Occupational Safety &


B
Health (DOSH)
The Department of Occupational Safety &
C The principal contractors construction
Health (DOSH) C phase health and safety plan
D All duty holders
The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act
D 1994

17.11
What is the most effective way for designers to 17.14
identify and communicate residual risks to the
In order to manage the safety of site visitors,
site management?
which of the following documents must the
A Adding notes to the specification princiapal contractor keep under review?

A The health and safety file


B Supplying material safety data sheet
B Designers risk assessments
C Adding notes to drawings
C Project programme
D Notes in a bill of quantities
D
The construction phase health and safety
plan

17.12
17.15
What is the purpose of the Health and safety
file on a construction project? The practical way for the principal contractor to
ensure co-operation from sub-contractors is to:
To assist people who have to carry out
A monitor their works, explain their legal
work on the structure in the future A
duties and help them comply
To assist in the preparation of final
B accounts for the structure haul them over the coals when they do
B something wrong
To record the health and safety standards
C withhold payments when they do not
of the structure C perform satisfactorily
D To record the accident details
wait to make comments at the next
D progress meeting

Answers: 17.10 = D 17.11 = C 17.12 = A 17.13 = C 17.14 =D 17.15 = A


94
Legal & other requirements

17.16 17.19
Which of the following must the principal Where a project is notifiable under the current
contractor ensure is specifically provided Construction Regulations, what must be in F
before allowing any demolition work to place before construction work begins? 17
commence?
Construction project health and safety
A file
A A construction phase safety plan
Construction phase health and safety
The arrangements for demolition B plan
B recorded in writing
C Construction project plan
C A generic risk assessment
D Construction contract agreement
D A pre-tender health and safety plan

17.20
17.17
Where a project is notifiable under the current
To whom should the Principal Contractor pass Construction Regulations, who is responsible
the health and safety file on completion of the for ensuring notification to the Department of
construction project? Occupational Safety & Health (DOSH) of the
project?
A The Association for Project Safety
A Client
B The client
B Designer
The Department of Occupational Safety & C Principal Contractor
C Health (DOSH)
D Sub-Contractor
D The designer

17.21
17.18 If a new build project is notifiable under the
Where must you be able to find the name and current Construction Regulations, the client
address of the client and principal contractor? must ensure that consruction does not start
until:
The construction phase health and safety
A plan the construction phase health and safety
A plan is in place
The Department of Occupational Safety &
B Health (DOSH) a site manager has been employed to
B
take charge
Displayed on a project sign board near
C the Department of Occupational Safety &
the welfare facilities C Health (DOSH) has given permission
D The accident book
D the health and safety file is in place

Answers: 17.16 = B 17.17 = B 17.18 = B 17.19 = B 17.20 = C 17.21 = A 95


Legal & other requirements

17.22 17.24
The Client has responsibilities for which TWO Under the current Construction Regulations,
F activities under the current Construction who is responsible for initially making pre-
17 Regulations? constructions information available?
Ensuring co-operation between designers A The Designer
A and the principal contractor
Appointing a competent and adequately B The principal contractor
B resourced designer
C The client
Deciding which construction processes
C are to be used D The clients agent
Ensuring that relevant pre-construction
D information is identified and collected
The on-going monitoring of site safety
E
throughout the construction phase

17.23
Where a project is notifiable under the current
Construction Regulations, who is responsible
for preparing the construction phase health
and safety plan?

A The principal contractor

B The client

C A contractor tendering for the project

D The Sub-Contractor

Answers: 17.22 = A,D 17.23 = A 17.24 = C


96
Demolition

18.1 18.4
If there are any doubts as to a buildings What action should be taken if the contractor
stability, a demolition contractor should discovers unlabelled drums or containers on F
consult: site?
18
A another demolition contractor A Put them in the nearest waste skip
Ignore them. They will get flattened
B a structural engineer B during the demolition
a Department of Occupational Safety & Stop work until they have been safely
C C dealt with
Health (DOSH) factory inspector

D the company safety adviser D Open the and smell the contents

18.5
18.2
You are required to visit a demolition site.
Which one of the following is an effective way
What is the most common source of high levels
of ensuring good standards of health and safety
of lead in the atmosphere during demolition
on a demolition project?
work?
Checking the contractors method
A statement A Stripping lead sheeting

Selecting a competent demolition B Cutting lead-covered cable


B contractor
Ensuring operatives use personal C Cold cutting fuel tanks
C protective equipment (PPE) as necessary
D Hot cutting coated steel
D All of these answers

18.6
After exposure to lead, what precautions
18.3 should you take before eating or drinking?

Every demolition contractor undertaking A Wash your hands and face


demolition operations must first appoint:
B Do not smoke
a competent person to supervise the
A
work C Change out of dirty clothes
B a sub-contractor to strip out the buildings
D Rinse your mouth with clean water
a safety officer to check on health and
C
safety compliance

D a quantity surveyor to price the extras

Answers: 18.1 = B 18.2 = D 18.3 = A 18.4 =C 18.5 = D 18.6 = A


97
Demolition

18.7 18.10
When asbestos material is suspected in What should be clearly marked on all lifting
F buildings to be demolished, what is the FIRST gear?
18 priority?
A Date of manufacture
A competent person carries out an
A asbestos survey B Name of maker
Notify the Department of Occupational
B Safety & Health (DOSH) of the possible C Date next test is due
presence of asbestos
D Safe working load
C Remove and dispose of the asbestos
D Employ a licensed asbestos remover

18.11
What action should be taken by the contractor
18.8 if a wire rope sling is defective?
What do the letters SWL stand for?
Do not use it and make sure that no-one
A else can
A Satisfactory working limit
Only use it for up to half its safe working
B Safe working level B load

C Satisfactory weight limit C Put it to one side to wait for repair


D Only use it for small lifts under 1 tonne
D Safe working load

18.12
With regards to mobile plant, what safety
feature is provided by FOPS?
18.9
Which of the following is true as regards the The speed is limited when tracking over
A
safe working load of a pice of equipment? hard surfaces
The machine stops automatically if the
A it must never be exceeded B
operator lets go of the controls
it is a guide figure that may be exceeded The operator is protected from falling
B C objects
slightly
The reach is limited when working near
C It may be exceeded by 10% only D
to live overhead cables
It may half the maximum weight to be
D lifted.

Answers: 18.7 = A 18.8 = D 18.9 = A 18.10 =D 18.11 = A 18.12 = C


98
Demolition

18.13 18.16
What should a contractor do if they discover Where would you find the intended method of
underground services not previously controlling identified hazards on a demolition F
identified? project? 18
A Fill in the hole and say nothing to anyone A The demolitions toolbox talk

Stop work until the situation has been


B The demolition plan
B resolved C The pre-tender health and safety plan
The construction phase health and safety
C Cut the pipe or cable to see if its live D plan
D Get the machine driver to dig it out
18.17
18.14 Before a contractor enters large, open-topped
tanks, what is the most important thing they
Which is the safest method of demolishing
should obtain?
brick or internal walls by hand?

A Undercut the wall at ground level A A ladder for easy access

Work across in even courses from the B A valid permit to work


B ceiling down
C An operative to keep watch
C Work from the doorway at full height
D A gas meter to detect any gas
Cut down at corner and collapse in
D sections
18.18
Before carrying out the demolition cutting of
fuel tanks what should be obtained?
18.15
Who should be consulted before demolition is A A gas free certificate
carried out near to overhead cables?
B An isolation certificate
The Department of Occupational Safety &
A Health (DOSH) C A risk assessment
B The fire service D A COSHH assessment
C The electricity supply company

D The land owner

Answers: 18.13 = B 18.14 = B 18.15 = C 18.16 =B 18.17 = B 18.18 = A


99
Demolition

18.19
Which TWO of the following documents refer
F to the specific hazards associated with
18 demolition work in confined spaces?

A Safety policy

B Permit to work

C Risk assessment

D Scaffolding permit

E Hot work permit

Answers: 18.19 = B,C


100
Plumbing or gas

19.1 19.4
The legionella bacteria that cause Legionnaires Apart from the cylinders used in gas-powered
disease are most likely to be found in which of forklift trucks, you should never see liquefied F
the following? petroleum gas cylinders placed on their sides
19
during use because:
A boiler operating at a temperature of
A 80C it would give a faulty reading on the
A
contents gauge, resulting in flashback
B A shower hose outlet
A cold water storage cistern containing air could be drawn into the cylinder,
C B
water at 10C creating a dangerous mixture of gases

D A WC toilet pan the liquid gas would be at too low a level


C to allow the torch to burn correctly

19.2 the liquid gas could be drawn from the


D cylinder, creating a safety hazard
How are legionella bacteria passed on to
humans?
Through fine water droplets, such as 19.5
A sprays or mists What is the preferred method of checking for
B By drinking dirty water leaks when assembling liquefied petroleum gas
equipment before use?
C Through contact with the skin
A Test with a lighted match
D From other people when they sneeze Sniff the connections to detect the smell
B of gas

C Listen to hear for escaping gas

19.3 Apply leak detection fluid to the


D connections
Which of the following is most likely to result in
those who work with sheet lead having raised
levels of lead in their blood? 19.6
A By them not using the correct respiratory What is the colour of propane gas cylinders?

B By not washing their hands before eating A Black

C By not changing out of their work clothes B Maroon

D By them not wearing safety goggles C Red/orange

D Blue

Answers: 19.1 = B 19.2 = A 19.3 = B 19.4 =D 19.5 = D 19.6 = C


101
Plumbing or gas

19.7 19.10
Which of the following makes it essential for When observing oxyacetylene-welding
F contractors to take great care when handling equipment being used on site, the bottles
oxygen cylinders? should be:
19
They contain highly flammable A laid on their side
A compresses gas
B stood upright
B They contain highly flammable liquid gas

They are filled to extremely high C stood upside down


C
pressures
D angled at 45
D They contain poisonous gas

19.11
What item of personal protective equipment
(PPE), from the following list, should be used
19.8 when oxyacetylene welding?
What is the colour of an acetylene cylinder?
A Ear defenders
A Orange B Clear goggles
B Black C Green-tinted googles
C Green D Dust mask

D Maroon

19.12

19.9 When working in an area where fibreglass roof


insulation is being handled, in addition to
Which of the following is the safest place to safety boots and helmet, which of the
store oxyacetylene gas-welding cylinders when following items of personal protective
they are not in use? equipment (PPE) should be worn?
Outside in a special secure storage
A compound
A Gloves, face mask and eye protection

Rubber apron, eye protection and ear


B In company vehicles B defenders
C Inside the building in a locked cupboard C Ear defenders, face mask and knee pads
In the immediate work area, ready for Barrier cream, eye protection and face
D use the next day D
mask

Answers: 19.7 = C 19.8 = D 19.9 = A 19.10 =B 19.11 = C 19.12 = A


102
Plumbing or gas

19.13
The reason for carrying out temporary
continuity bonding before removing and F
replacing sections of metallic pipework is to: 19
provide a continuous earth for the
A pipework installation

B prevent any chance of blowing a fuse

maintain the live supply to the electrical


C
circuit
prevent any chance of corrosion to the
D pipework

19.14
You arrive to carry out a site inspection that
involves using ladder access to a roof. You
notice the ladder has been painted. You
should:

A only use the ladder if it is made of metal

B only use the ladder if it is made of wood

only use the ladder if wearing rubber-


C soled boots to prevent slipping
not use the ladder, and report the matter
D to the site manager

Answers: 19.13 = A 19.14 = D


103
Highway works

20.1 20.4
What should the site manager do for the safety What are TWO effects of under-inflated tyres in
F of private motorists if transport leaving site is the operation of a machine?
20 likely to deposit mud on the public road?
It decreases the operating speed of the
A engine
Have someone in the road to slow down
A the traffic
B It leads to instability of the machine
Employ an on-site method of washing the
B wheels of site transport C It causes increased tyre wear
C Employ a mechanical road sweeper
D It decreases tyre wear
Have someone hosing down the mud in
D the road It increase the operating speed of the
E
engine

20.2
20.5
From a safety point of view, diesel must not be
used to prevent asphalt sticking to the bed of Which of the following is true as regards the
lorries because: safe working load of lifting equipment, such as
a cherry picker, lorry loader of excavator?
A it will create a slipping hazard
A It must never be exceeded
B it will corrode the bed of the lorry It is guide figure that may be exceeded
B
slightly
C it will create a fire hazard
C It may be exceeded by 10% only
it will react with the asphalt, creating It gives half the maximum weight to be
D explosive fumes D
lifted

20.3 20.6
When kerbing works are being carried out, Which of following checks should the operator
which method should be used for getting kerbs of a mobile elevating work plaform (MEWP),
off the vehicle? for example a cherry picker, carry out before
using it?
Lift them off manually using the correct
A technique Check that a seatbelt is provided for the
A
B Push them off the back operator

Use mechanical means, such as a JCB B Check that a roll-over cage is fitted
C fitted with a grab
C Drain the hydraulic system
D Ask your workmate to give you a hand
Check that emergency systems operate
D
correctly

Answers: 20.1 = B 20.2 = A 20.3 = C 20.4 = B,C 20.5 = A 20.6 = D


104
Highway works

20.7 20.10
In which of the following circumstances would When should the amber flashing beacon fitted
it NOT be safe to use a cherry picker for to a highways vehicle be switched on? F
working at height? 20
A At all times
A When a roll-over cage is not fitted
B When travelling to and from the depot
B When the ground is uneven and sloping
When the vehicle is being used as a work
C When weather protection is not fitted C vehicle
When the operator is clipped to an D Only in poor visibility
D anchorage point in the basket

20.11
20.8
Lifting equipment for carrying person, for
Mobile highways works are being carried out
example a cherry picker, must be thoroughly
by day. A single vehicle is being used. What
examined by a competent person every:
must be conspicously displayed on or at rear
the vehicles? A 6 months
A Road narrows (left and right) B 12 months
A specific task warning sign (for example, C 18 months
B gully cleaning)
D 24 months
C A keep left/right arrow
D A roadworks ahead sign
20.12
When undertaking a site survey on a dual
carriageway with a 60 mph-speed-limit what is
the minimum standard of hi-vis clothing that
20.9 must be worn?
What action is required when a highways
A Reflective waistcoat
vehicle fitted with a direction arrow is
travelling from site to site? B Reflective long-sleeved jacket
C Reflective sash
A Point the direction arrow up
D None
B Travel slowly from site to site

C Point the direction arrow down

D Cover or remove the direction arrow

Answers: 20.7= B 20.8 = C 20.9 = D 20.10 = C 20.11 = A 20.12 = B


105
Highway works

20.13 20.16
Why is it necessary ti wear hi-vis clothing when When should installed highways signs and
F working on roads? guarding equipment be inspected?
20 So road users and plant operators can see
A A After it has been used
you

B So that your colleagues can see you


B Once a week

C Before being used


C Because you were told to

D Because it keep you warm


D Regularly and at least once every day

20.14 20.17
Signs placed on footways must be located so
When providing portable traffic signals on that they:
minor rural roads used by cyclists, what action
should be taken by the contractor? A block the footway

A Locate the signals at bends in the road B can be read by site personnel

Allow more time for slow-moving traffic C do not create a hazard for pedestrians
B by increasing the all red phase of the
signals D can be easily removed

C Operate the signals manually


20.18
D Use stop/go board only
When drivers who are approaching roadworks
cannot easily see any advance roadwork signs
because of poor visibility or other obstructions,
the contractor should:
20.15
place additional signs in advance of the
Why should temporary highways signing be A
works
removed when works are complete?
B extend the safety zones
A To get traffic flowing
C extend the sideways clearance
B It is a legal requirement
D lengthen the lead-in taper
C To allow the road to be opened fully

D To reuse signs on new jobs

Answers: 20.13 = A 20.14 = B 20.15 = B 20.16 = D 20.17 = C 20.18 = A


106
Highway works

20.19 20.22
What action is required where passing traffic If you are working after dark, is mobile plant
may block the view of highways signs? exempt from the requirement to show lights? F
A Yes, on all occasions 20
A Signs must be larger

Signs must be duplicated on both sides of B Yes, if authorised by the site manager
B the road Only if they are not fitted to the machine
C as standard
C Signs must be placed higher
D Not in any circumstances
Additional signs must be placed in
D
advance of the works

20.20
In which TWO places would you find
information on the distances for setting put
highways signs in advance of the works under
different road conditions?
A In the Traffic Signs Manual
B In the Pink Book
C On the back of the sign
D In the specification for highway work
E In the Code of Practice

20.21
Highways signs, lights and guarding equipment
must be properly secured:
with sacks containing fine, granular
A material set at a low level
by roping them to concrete blocks or
B kerb stones

C To prevent them being stolen

by iron weights suspended from the


D frame by chains or other strong material

Answers: 20.19 = B 20.20 = A,E 20.21 = A 20.22 = D


107