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Degrees of Comparison

Degrees of Comparison are used when we compare one person or one thing with another.
There are three Degree of Comparison in English.
They are:
1. Positive degree
2. Comparative degree.
3. Superlative degree.

Let us see all of them one by one.

1. Positive Degree
When we speak about only one person or thing, we use the Positive degree.
Examples:
ͻ He is a tall student.
ͻ This flower is beautiful.
ͻ He is an intelligent boy.
Then, the second one is͙

2. Comparative Degree
When we compare two persons or two things with each other, we use Comparative degree.
Examples:
ë This flower is more beautiful than that.
ë He is more intelligent than this boy.
ë He is taller than Mr. Jack.
The third one in the Degree of Comparison is...

3. Superlative Degree
When we compare more than two persons or things with one another, We use the
Superlative degree.
Example:
ë This flower is the most beautiful one in this garden.
ë He is the most intelligent in this class.
ë He is the tallest student in this class.
uow to compare adjectives.
1. Add - and - to short adjectives of one syllable (sometimes two syllables) .
For examples:

?ositive Comparative Superlative


Short Shorter Shortest
Great Smaller Smallest
Old Older Oldest

2. If a short adjective ends with consonant and ë, change the ë to and add - and -. For
examples:

?ositive Comparative Superlative


Lucky Luckier Luckiest
Heavy Heavier Heaviest
Happy Happier Happiest

3. If a short adjective ends with , add - and -. For examples:

?ositive Comparative Superlative


Little Littler Littlest
Fine Finer Finest

4. Put
 and
 in front of longer adjectives (with two or more syllables)
to show comparison. For examples:

?ositive Comparative Superlative


Remarkable More Remarkable Most Remarkable
Beautiful More Beautiful Most Beautiful
Alert More Alert Most Alert

Note:
Some adjectives are irregular adjectives and don't follow the rules. They change form
considerably from one degree to the next. You need to study these changes carefully in
order to recognize them easily. They are list of irregular adjectives:

?ositive Comparative Superlative


bad worse worst
far farther farthest
good better best
many more most
old elder eldest
well better best