Sei sulla pagina 1di 4

Practica 3

Efecto de la temperatura en la descomposicin del 2 2

a) Valoracin del 2 2 3 0.1 M

Reaccin Global


= 294.18

2 2 7() + 6() + 72 4() 2 (4 )3() + 32() + 42 4()

nT=0.1229g 0.5g 1.2482103

ni=4.16104

Reaccin de valoracin

12() + 22 2 3 2 + 2 2 6
5
1.2482103 2.496410

Tabla 1
ID M(K2S2O7) V(Na2S2O3 mL) C(Na2S2O3)Mol/L
1 0.1227 0.025 0.099856
2 0.1223 0.0262 0.09528244
3 0.1224 0.026 0.09601538
0.09705128

b) Calculo de la concentracin inicial de 2 2

Tabla 2
ID V(H2O2) mL V(Na2S2O3)mL C(H2O2)mol/L
1 0.001 0.0061 0.59201278
2 0.001 0.0063 0.61142304
3 0.001 0.0061 0.59201278
0.59848287
c) Calculo de la concentracin de 2 2 a cada tiempo

Tabla 3
Temperatura ambiente=22C
ID t(s) Gotas Na2S2O3 V(Na2S2O3)mL V(acumulado) C(H2O2)
1 95 17 0.85 0.85 0.5160
2 172 10 0.5 1.35 0.4675
3 275 4 0.2 1.55 0.4481
4 365 5 0.25 1.8 0.4238
5 434 3 0.15 1.95 0.4092
6 502 3 0.15 2.1 0.3947
7 592 5 0.25 2.35 0.3704
8 744 7 0.35 2.7 0.3364
9 837 5 0.25 2.95 0.3122

Tabla 4
temperatura fria=1.5C
ID t(s) Gotas Na2S2O3 V(Na2S2O3) V(acumulado) C(H2O2)
1 316 12 0.6 0.6 0.5403
2 480 7 0.35 0.95 0.5063
3 840 5 0.25 1.2 0.4820
4 1200 10 0.5 1.7 0.4335
5 1500 10 0.5 2.2 0.3850
6 1800 10 0.5 2.7 0.3364

d) Calculo de la constante de velocidad para cada temperatura

0.6000
t vs CH2O2
n1=-0.0003 K1=1.693

0.5000 n2=-0.0001 K2=1.7892


y = -0.0001x + 0.5818
R = 0.9854
0.4000
C(H2O2)

0.3000 y = -0.0003x + 0.5265 temperatura


R = 0.9686 ambiente

0.2000 temperatura
fria
0.1000

0.0000
95 595 1095 1595
t(s)
e) Calculo de la energa de activacin ( )[Met0odo Analitico]

2 1 2
= [ ] ( )
2 1 1
(1.5 22) 1.7892
= [ ] 0.082 ( )
(1.5 22) 1.693

= 0.007295
f) Calculo de la energa de activacin [Metodo grafico]


() =

1
() = ()

Tabla 5

T K LnK 1/T

295.15 1.693 0.5265021 0.00338811

274.65 1.7892 0.58176859 0.003641

0.59 1/T vsLnK


y = 218.54x - 0.2139
0.58 R = 1

0.57

0.56
Ln(K)

0.55 Series1
Linear (Series1)
0.54

0.53

0.52
0.00335 0.0034 0.00345 0.0035 0.00355 0.0036 0.00365 0.0037
1/T

Ea=-218.54*0.082 =17.92 A= 02139 = 0.8074
g) Calculo del factor de frecuencia
@1 22

17.92
1 = 0.8074 22 = 0.3574
@2 1.5
17.92
2 = 0.8074 1.5 = 5106