Sei sulla pagina 1di 31

TABLE OF SPECIFICATION CHEMISTRY PAPER 1 2017

OUESTION CONSTRUCT TOPIC TYPEOTITEM KEY DTACRAM /TABLENUMBER


I KNOWLEDGE F 4LM M. CHOICE C
2 KNOWLEDGE F4LA3 M, CHOICE D DIACRAM 1
,]
KNOWLEDGE F'd T AA M. CHOICE C
4 KNOU'I-EDGE F4LA4 M. CHOICE A
5 KNOWLEDGE F4LA5 M. CHOICE A
6 KNOWLEDGE F4LA6 M. CHOICE D DIAGRAM2
7 KNOWLEDGE F4LA7 M. CHOICE B
8 KNOWLEDCE F 4LAl M. COMPLETION B
9 KNOWLEDGE F4LA8 M. CHOICE D DIAGRAM 3
0 KNOWLEDGE F4LA9 M. CHOICE C
KNOWLEDCE F4LA9 M. CHOICE D DIAGRAM4
2 KNOWLEDGE F5LA2 M. CHOICE D
J KNOWLEDGE F5LAI M. CHOICE B
4 KNOWLEDGE F5LA2 M. CHOICE A DIAGRAM5
t5 KNOWI-EDGE F5LA3 M. CHOICE A
t6 KNOWLEDGE F5LA3 M, CHOICE D
7 KNOWLEDGE F5LA4 M. CHOICE A
a
KNOWLEDGE r < r A< M. CHOiCE D DIAGRAM6
9 KNOWI-EDGE F5LA4 M. CHOICE A DIAGRAM 7
20 KNOWLEDGE F4LA2 M. CHOICE B
lt COMPREHENSION F 4LA2 M. CHOICE A
22 COMPREHENSlON F4LA3 M. CHOICE B
23 COMPREHENS]ON F4LA4 M. CHOICE C TABLE I
24 COMPREHENSION F4LA5 M. CHOICE B
25 COMPREHENSION F4LA6 M. CHOICE B DIAGRAM 8
26 COMPREIiENSION F 4LA2 M. CHOICE A DIAGRAM9
27 COMPREHENSION F4LA7 M. CHOICE C
28 COMPREHENSION F5LA3 M. COMPLETION C DIAGRAM IO
29 COMPREHENSION F 4 LA7 M. CHOICE A TABLE 2
COMPREi{ENSION F4LA9 M. CHOICE A DIAGRAM II
31 CCMPREHENSION F4LA8 M. CHOICE C EIAGRAM 12
32 COMPREHENSION F4LA9 M. CHOICE C
33 COMPREHENSION F5 LAI M. CHOICE D DIAGRAM 13
34 COMPREHENSION F5 LA2 M. CHOICE B DIAGRAM 14
35 r-nn { Dp r [] c\rQ I .]\l F5 I-.C4 M. CHOICE C
36 APPLICATION F4LA3 M. CHOICE C DIAGRAM 15
7 APPLICATION F4LA3 M. CHOICE c
APPLICATION .IABLE
38 F 41,A4 M. CHOICE B 3
39 APPI-1(]ATION F4LA5 M. CHOICE B DIAGRAM 16
40 APPLICATION F4LA7 M. CHOICE A
4I APPLICATION F4LA6_ M, CHOICE B DIAGRAM 17
42 APPLICATION F 4LA7 M. CHOICE B DIAGRAM 18
43 APPLICATION F4LA6 M. CHOICE D
44 APPLICATION F4LA8 M. CHOICE D
45 APPLICATION F4LA8 M. COMPLETION TABLE 4
46 APPLiCATION r J LAi M. CHOICE c DIACRAM 19
47 APPLICATION F 5 LAI M. CHOICE D TABLE 5/ CRAPH I
48 APPLICATiON F5 LAz M. CHOICE D
49 APPLICATION F 5 I,A3 M. CHOICE C DIAGRAM 20
50 APPLICATION F5LA4 M. CHOICE n DIAGRAM2l
https://cikguadura.wordpress.com/
l2
ts 12
C !3
D 13
50
STJLIT 4s41t2
454u2
Kimia
Kertas 2
0gos
20r7
^1 .
z;lam
MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA
https://cikguadura.wordpress.com/
PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR SIJIL PENDIDIKAN MRSM 2017

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

KIMIA

Kertas 2

Duajam tiga puluh minit

H
a I}NTUK KEGUNAAN PEMERIKSA SAIIAJA

AMARAN

Peraturan pemarkahan ini SULIT dan Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan Menengah
MARA. Kegunaannya khusus unhrk pemeriksa yang berkenaan sahaja. Sebarang
maklumat dalam peraturan pemarkahan ini tidak boleh dimaklumkan kepada
sesiapa.

[Lihat sebelah
454112 @zotz Hut Clpta Bahagian Pendidikan Menengah MARA
SULIT
,,
SULIT 4s4il2{PP)

MAB|I(ING S,,IiIDEIINES

Symbol Meaning

replace the whole sentence

r) replace the previous word

tl can be sumrnarized from explanation

_ or bold keyword

a.d.p avoid double penalty

wcr wrong cancel right

a. accept

r. reject

e.c.f error carry forward

of

[Lihat hala:nan sebelah


454112 (PP) o 2017 Hak cipta BPM MARA SULIT
SULIT 4s41/2EP)

Question Mark
Mark Scheme
No Sub Total
t(o) (i) Xe /l Xenon 1 1

(ii) NaCl// Sodium chloride i 1

(iii) Turns to red and bleached/ white. I 1

(iv) Pi. Naphthlene is a covalent compound 1

P2. It does not have free moving ion to conduct electicity/l


1 2
consist of neutral molecules

(v) The outermost shell of xenon atom is fully filled with electrons l/ I 1

Atonr has achieved octet electron arrangement/eight valence


electron

1(b) (i) Molecuie 1 1

(ii) 800c 1 1

(iii) Heat absorbed is used to overcome force of attraction between 1 i


molecules
TOTAL 9
https://cikguadura.wordpress.com/

ILihat halarnan sebelah


SULIT 4 4s41/2(PP)

Mark
Question Mark Scheme
No Sub .Total
2(a) (i) Chemical formula that shows the simplest whole number ratio of
atoms of each element in a compound 1 i
a: without whole number

(ii) Element Zn o
Mass (g) 30.5-24.0:6.5 32.1-30.5:1.6 1

Number of
mole of 6.5/65= 0.1 1.6/16:A.1
atoms
Simplest
ratio of 1 1 1

moles

Empirical formula : ZnO 1


3

(iii) t
Ionic compound 1 I

t
(iv) Yellow to white // I I
Yellow when hot and white when cold

2(b) (i) Nikic acid/ HNO: 1 1

(ii) P1.. Heat (zinc nitrate) solution until saturateii


and cool at room temperafure i
P2., Filter the mixture and dry 1 2

TOTAL 9

[Lihat halaman sebelah


454112 (PP) e 2ol? Hak cipta BPM MARA SULIT
SULIT 5 4s41|Z(PP)

Mark
Question lllark Scheme
No Sub Total

3(a) (i) 7 1 i
(i i) Sodium chloride 1 i
(iii) P1 No.ofmoleHCl:1.0 x 20
1000
:0.02 mol 1

P2 1 mol HCl : I mol NaOH


0.02 mol HCI : 0.02 mol NaOH 1

P3 MolarityNaOH, M:0.02 x 1000


2A
= 1,0 moldm3 1 3

(iv) Pl. 40 cm3 1

P2. HzSO+ is diprotic acid ll 1 2


Concentration of hydrogen ion/ H* in HzSO+ is twice

3(b) (i) Add/ Dissolve/Pour/ Put baking soda powder / lime water/ CaAl I 1

CaCOr

(ii) Baking soda powderl lime waterlCaO/ CaCO: neutralise the 1 1

acidic water

(iii) the higher the concentration of hydrogen ions, H*, the lower the
pH value, 1

Or

The iower the concentration of hydrogen ions, H*, thc higher the
pH value

TOTAL 10

halarnan sebelah
SULIT 6 4y1/z{PP)

Question Mark Scheme Mark


No Sutr Total
4(a) Hydrocarbon which has at least one double covalent bon# triple 1
I 1

covalent bond between carbon atorns


4(b) (i) Polyethene / Polyethylene I

(ii)

lr
HH

C- C

ll
HH
1 2

4(c) (i) CzHq+HzOlCzHsOH


1
Pl. Correct formulaof reactants
2
1
P2. Correct formula of product

(ii) P1: No. of mole CzH:0H - *6- 1

46
- 0.1 mol

P2: I mol CzHs0H produce 2 mol COz I


0.1 mol C:HsOH produce 0.2 mol COz

P3: volume of COz :0.2 mol x 24 dm3 mol-l 1 3


:4.8 dm3
i iiir Santplc Ansu.cr

P1 : Percentage of ethanol/ solvent in Eau Fraiche is the 1


highest.
2
P2: ethanol has low boiling point and easily evaporates to 1

surroundings

TOTAL 10

[Lihat halaman sebelah


454112 (PP) o 2017 Hak cipta BPM MARA SULIT
SULIT 454m(PP)

Question Mark Scheme Mark


No Sub Total
s (a) (i) Cuz*, ff, SOq
2-,
OH- 1 1

(i i) Brown solid deposit i 1

(iii )
Experim
ent
.'

Position of OH- lower than


Oxygen gas
i So+2-ion in the
electrochemical series
1+1
ii:-.;-i;r.i; r,I';-
l'.i.."-. 'r::i"n:;'
II :a-:f-]. i_. r .:::!
Type of eiectrode
1 3

(iv) Cu --+ f,pr+ + 2e 1 1

(v) P1 Experiment IL 1
I

Number/concentration of Cu2* ion remains


unchanged // I 2
Rate of ionisation/ oxidation of
copper atom at the anode is the same as the
rate of dischargd reduced of Cu2* ion at
the cathode,

(i) zcl - ---+ Clz * 2e 1 1

(b) (ii) P 1 : Fez+ ions are oxidized by ehlorine. 1


I

P2: To forrn Fe3* ions which is trown in colour. 1 2

TOTAL 11

halaman sebelah
SULIT 4s4u2(PP\

Question Mark
Mark Scheme Sutr Total
No
6 (a) (i) Pl : Exothermic reaction. 1

P2: AlVHeat of reactibn has a negative sign which 1 2


indicates that heat is evolved in the reaction.

(ii) Hz*'/rOz ) HzO //

ZHz+ Oz ) ZHzO

P Correct formula of reactants and products


1 . 1

P2. Balance 1 2

(iii)
Energy

2Hz+ Oz

P1. Correct energy level with label energy 1

P2. Correct reactants, products(chemical equation) and 1 .1,

value <lf A1l

(i) Number of mole of Hz


50
2(1,
:25 mol 1 1

(b) pl
(ii) 1 rnoi of hydrogen released 282kJ beat I
na
iL 25 mol of hydrogen released:2-5 x 282 k.)
1

: 7050 kJ ll 7.05 x 106 J i 2

(c) Pi The product of the combustion of hydrogen is


water/steam only. 1

P2 Hence, this reaction is clean and non-polluting. 1 2

TOTAL 11

[Lihat halaman sebelah


454112 (PP) o 20r7 Hak ciptr BpM MARA ST'LIT
SULIT 9 4s4U2|YP)

https://cikguadura.wordpress.com/ Mark
Question Mark Scheme
No Sub Total

7 (a)

Illethane Differences Sodium flouride 1+1


covalent Type of compound ronlc 1+1
moiecule Tlpe of particle ton 4

7 (b) P1: Electron arrangement of flourine atom is 2.7 and 1

sodium atorn is 2.8.1


I
P2: To achieve octet electron arrangement,
I
I

P3: sodium atom donate 1 electron to form sodiuni ion/ Na*// 1

half equation

P4: Flourine atom accept 1 electron to form fluoride ion/ F- // 1

half equation

P5: Sodium ion/ Na" and fluoride ion/ F- attracted by a strong i


electrostatic force to form ionic bond.
1

P6: Diagrarn of electron arrangement


1
P7: Electron arrangement of carbon atom is 2.4 and hydrogen
atom is L 1

P8: Atom carbon sontribute/ give/provide 4 electrons and atom


hydrogen contribute one electron
1
P9: One carbon atom share 4 electron each with four hydrogen
atoil.l to fomr covalenl bcnd.

1 10
P 10: Diagram of electron arrangement

fadp: atom]
7 (c)
CHa NaF
The boiling point of CHc is The boiling point of NaF is 1+l
lower higher
CHa rnolecules are athacted There are Na* ion and F- ion
by a rveak Van der Waals that are attracted to each bY a 1+1
forces/ intermolecular fo rces. shong electrostatic forces

Less heat energy is needed to Higher heat energy is needed


overcome the forces. to overcome the forces. 1+1 6

TOTAL 2A

l-T ih"+ lralamon cphplah


SULIT 10 4s4UI(PP)

Question Mark Scheme


Mark
No.8 Sub Total
8(a) (i) P1. Antibiotic 1

P2. Used to treat infectionsl kill/ slow down the growth of I 2


bacteria
(ii) Pl.To make sure all the bacteria are killed 1

P2. Bacteriamay become more resistant I immune ll


Higher dose of antibiotic is needed to fight the same 1
2
infection in ftture

Detergent addifiVes Function


Sodium perborate bleaching agents/remove
coloured stains
(b) S odium trypollphosphate Builders/used to soften hard
water
Sodium sulphaie' Drylng agents
Optical brighteners Brighteners/ make fabrics
appear whiter and brighter
Zeolite Adsorbents/catalyst l+i
2
(Any two function)

Pi. Average diameter:


(3.00+3.20)12=3.10 cm
(1.90+2.00)12:1.95 cm 1

P2. The size of Cu atoms is the same/l 1

The Cu atoms are arranged in an orderly manner.


P3. The layers of atoms can slide easily over each other when
(")
force is applid 1

P4. The average diameter of the dent on the copper block is 1

larger/biggerl/ Cu block is softer.


P5. The sizes of atoms in alloy/bronze/brass block are not
the same/ different. I

P6. The zincltin atoms disrupV disturb the orderly arrangement 1

of copper atoms
P7. The atorns/layers of atoms cannot slide easily over each
other when force is applied 1

P8. Average diarneter of dent on alloy/brass/bronze block is


T 8
smallcr//alloy hlock is harder.

adp : when force is applied

[Lihat halaman sebelah


454112 (PP) o 2o r ? Hak Cipta
SULIT 11 4s41l2(PP)

Question Mark
Mark Scheme
No Sub Total
8(d) P1 Neutralize the SOz release I
2
P2 with CaO/ Ca(OH)z/ CaCO: 1

Pl: Borosilicate glass 1

(e) 1
P2: It has a lower thermal expansion coefiicient //
High resistant to heat// more resistant to chemical attack.
1
P3: Polyvinyl chloride 1 4
P4: It does not rust a: Light

TOTAL 20

II ihat fiqlqmqn cehelnh


SULIT 17 454u2{PPt

https://cikguadura.wordpress.com/ Mark
Question Mark Scheme Sub
No Total
9 (a) P1 Transition element ll groap3-12 1

P2 Bridge: malleable// high tensile strength// strong I

P3 Electrical wire: conduct electricity ll hidfi melting point // 1

withstand high ternperature// ductile 4


1
P4 Gemstone: fonned coloured compound / ion

[Accept any suitable answer]

e (b) (i) P1. Y is more reactive than X. 1

P2. Electron arrangqnent Y atom is 2.8.1 1

P3. Atomic size of Y / Size of atom Y is bigger t


P4. Distance between nucleus and valence electron in atom Y is I
1
fi:rther
I'5. Nuclei attraction towards valence electron is weakerl/
1 6
Attraction force between nucleus and valence eleirtron is
weaker.
P6. It is easier for atom Y to release its valence electron.

fNote: vice versa]

(ii) Materials:
Small pieces of Y and Z, filter paper, water.
1

Apparatus:
Knife. forceps. water trough,&asin. fi1ter paper.
1

Procedure:
1 . Fill the rvater trough rvith rvater.

2. Cut a smal11;iece of Y using knii'e ald forcep.


3. Dry the oil on the surface of Y u,ith fi1ter paper.
4. Place Y on the surface of water.
5. Record thc obscn'aliorrs.
6
6. Repeat steps 1 to 4 using Z to replace Y.

Clhenrisa l E.qr: ati r-in :


2y + 2HzO ) 2YOil + Hr ll
2Na -l 2HzO ) 2NaOH + Hz
2,2 + 2=llzo ) ?.ZQII + Hz ll
2K + ZHzO ) 2KOH + Hz
P1. Correct fonnula of reactants and products
1
P2. Balance 10
1

TOTAL 2A

[Lihat halaman sebelah


4s4ll2 (PP) o 2017 Hak cipta BpM SULI'T
SULIT 13 4s41/2(PP)

Question Mark
No
l!{ark Scheme Sub Total
10 (a) (i) Acid : Hydrochloric aci d/sul phuric acidlnitric acid/ethanoic acid I
a: any dilute acid

Metal : Magnesium/zinCaluminium
(Any one acid and one metal) I 2

(ii) P1 Catalyst : Copper(Ii) sulphatei CuSOq 1

P2 The presence of catalystlcopper(Il) sulphate in Experiment


IT 1

lowers the activation energy

P3 More colliding particles able to achieve the lorv activation I


energy

P4. Frequency of collision between H* ions and zinc atoms is 1

higher

P5. Frequency of effective collision between H*ions and zinc 1 5


atoms is higher

(b) P 1 . Temperature at 60"C is higher than room temperature 1

P2. The water and sugar molecules gain higher kinetic energy 1

P3. Easier for the molecules/watei and sugar molecules to


o v erco lt.l e thc i ntenl o I ec u I ar lo rcel att ract i t-. n fc.rce b etrv ecn

molecule forces. I J

halaman sebelah
SULIT t4 454U2(PP.)

Mark
Question Mark Scheme
No Sub Total

10 (c) P1 . Ntmed substance M: magnesiuml/alurninium/ lzincl I 1

Calcium carbonate [Any suitable metai carbonatel metai]

. (25-50) cm3 of (0.1-1.0) mo1 dm-3 of hydrochloric acid is


measured and poured into a conical flask. 1

P3 . About 5.0 g of zinc granules is weigh. 1

P4 . A burette is filled with water and inverted into a basin 1

containing water.

P5 . The water level in the burette is adjusted to 50 crn3 mark. I

P6 . The granulated zinc is added into the conical flask.


1

P7 . Immediately the conicai flask is closed and connect it using


1
i
delivery tube to the burette.

P8. Start the stopwatch. i


P9. Shake the conical flask. 1

Pl0. Record volume of hydrogen gas every 30 seconds intervai. 1


t 11
1Y 1O
P1 l. The experiment is repeated using 5-0 g of zinc powder to 10
1
rcplauu 5.0 g of zinr; granules.

'l'0't'AL 2tJ
https://cikguadura.wordpress.com/

END OF MARKNqG SCHEME

454112 (PP) o zolT Hak cipta BPM MARA SULIT


suLIT,,
4541/3
Kirnia 4511/3
Kertas 3
0gos
2,017

1| i,'n
NIAI(TAB ITENDATI SAINS MARA

PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR SIJIL PENDIDIKAN


MRSM 2017

PERATURAN PEMARI(A.HAN

KI]\T IA
F.ertas i
Satu jam tiga puluh nr init

UN'IUK KEGUiyAAN pElvrERrKSr\ SA HA.rA


https://cikguadura.wordpress.com/

AMAIL{N
Peraturzin peinarkahan
ini sl,rl,IT cian Hak cipta penciiclikan
MARA' Kegr'rnaannya khusus unruk pemerikia Bahagiarr r4crcngah
1'ang bir.k.,ru*,
-boleh sahaja. Sebarans
daiam peraturan p.,ro.kulr*r ini
tidak
::[Y" dimak]umkan t"pa.ti

[-ihat .srllclalr
t{5'i l,/-l ,ejirl _sr..LrT
.: ;ir,;: l.iIr: II}ralriir pcncrrjiirrr llcrrrrr:rir
i,1ili_,i
454 1i3{}'P)

l\'{ark Scherne
1 (a) Ahle to stsle ofie inference corr,:t:tlit

Slrilpic ansu,cr:
1\{ethyl cthanoate// eth1,1 propano:ite,,i1propr{ methanoate// Liquid u,hic!.r
iess dense ihan waier is produceril F-sier is pr 116ugg(.

Able to stale a*y one inference {ess torrectly

f i,!rpi__L:!lti,.f Cr:
Perfuure is firrned li tiquicl fk-rat on the sr.rr{hcc of water,i/ Proc1ucti
substance rvhich less dense than u,ater is produced /,i

,4ble to state aily one infbrence rorreclljt

Sample arlswer':

[Lihat iralanan scbelah


454X12 (PP) er 20lr llak Cipta BpN,r tr4ARA SULIT
s Lrt_t-t
1541;3(PP)

Q u estion I'Iark Scheme


I (b) thla ttt .;tute 3 nume ttf estallr corrcctlt, N{ark

Alcohol C--arboxi,lic acid Ester/ Organic


coixpound

\lethanol Etn-iGi irA"ttrl.iitfranoat


!]qai1gl Propanoic "iia-
acid _Ethyl p.oparroit"
Propanol Methanoic acid Plopyl
methanoate

Esterr'Orqanic
compound

i I \{ethvl ethanoate
-1
Ethvl propanoate
Propyl methanoate

Ester/ Organic
Alcohol Carboxylic acid compound

Methanol Ethanoic acid It4ethyl ethanoate


bthanol Propano c acid Ethyl propanoate
Propanol Methano c acid
&gpyl methanoate

Able to stflte an! two name af ester correctW


Estcr
Ester
Y"!D,f etiranoate 2
Et!,llpLttpanoare
Prgpyl llethanoarc

,lb\ y sllte::t one nanre of e.tter corrccr{r.


1

lto re.spott.se given / *,rong respons


t)

15{ Il'2 (PP) L tit ir ii:,i ( ;,,;r..\


ILihai fialai:tan se l,.ellit
ipr:r t-}i,ir1 r,1
s t't_r I
,\r- t,r ! 45{113(I}}':

Ouestions l\'Iark scheme rl i il t'l(


l(c) {i) Able to stute the lhree variables cotectlj,.
Manipulated variable : hexane and hexcne ll Tlpe of hyrlrocarhoni/
saturatecl h-vclrcr:arbon atid unsatut'atetl
hydr<;carboni'i aikane anci aikene
Responding variable : reaci.ioir torvarris brominc rvatcr and acidi{luri
potassium mangauaie(\'iI) ii Colour changes
Fixed variable : bromine v,atcr llacidified pctassiutl
manganate(VII) solutron.

Able to state eny ttw variobles carrectly // One varioble correctly and
two ideas 2

AbIe to st$te nny one variable correctly /l ldet af three v*ri$bles I

No response given /wrong response ll

l-l,iirat halaman sebel ah


.154112 (FF) t' t0 ti Hlk c ipr.r BPIr,l ir4r\ltA SLiLIT
STiI-IT
-151r i3(PP)

estion Mark Schenre


I (c) (ii) Able to state ofte hypothesis correctll,

S;rnpli:_lrrrs.ri u'
Ilexaner'alkane,/saturaierJ hyclrocarbo6 canlot react \.jjth
broiline 1,atei.
B'hile hexener'alkene/uirsati-irateri h,r.drocarhc,n cair ieact rviti:
broprine
\\'ater

OR

H exaneralkane.'sat urai ed hl'ilrocarbon caruL) r react r.i,i th


aci di ii ed
po tassi
um r;ran_r:anate( VI I ) -so luti on g,hi le hexene/aikene/unsaturated
hvdrocarbon can rcact with acidificrl potassiu,r rnarrganatc(\,lJ)
soluti.n
OR

Able to stste the hypothesis less correctly 1RV

Sql1plqq4s",cI
Hexene/alkene,iunsaturated hydrocarbon can react wrth bromine
water il
Hexaneialkane/ saturated hydrocarbon carmot react rvith bromine
u,ater
I I Hexenel alkenelunsaturated hydrocarbon
can react rvith aci di il ed
potassium man gan ate(\rll) soiuti on /I{exa,ei alkaneisaturatetl
hydrocarbon cannot react *'ith acidi fi eri potassiur-r-:, an ganate(v
I I)
solution /z'
Hexane,'alkanc,/saturaierl hl.drocarooi'r cio ,ot chailue tire colour
of.
l-.rourine u,at cr i ac id i li eci po trss rum ilt an gan alte( \,, ,I 1 _so luti
) orr
iiH ex eneialken e,.unsaturateri hydrcicarbon cl ecoioun ses the co lour
of
bromine r,vatcr /acidifi ed iro tassium rltirnganete(\,,1) sol u ti on,
)
.lblt to.\'tat( tlt(,itleu ol hy1rt,,7l1er;,

).ri],i i.it' itt)(\\ r'l


Ttie colour of the reagents changes u'he,n relci *'rtli h_r.,rlrocarbon,',
D i f1-eren t h vri lrr cat'l_-, on cli ii'cient co I o ur ch arr l e

,\'o rasponse !iyt'tt or lt,r()fig r(tspans(,


_- _1__
i0i
ii _.-_j

ILihat halama;r seb cla it


{541i2 (I'}P) ri, 2{iir Hiii: Cipta tsi,\,1 \,1,r,RA
SLiI,I I'
\: ! I I {; 4s4r/3(FPi

uestion h{ark Scheme ,6.tark


( c)(ii i ) Able to pratlict and explairt coruectiv

fuul-r-lq--,rnruql
b( 12)
F1 . % of c;irhon by ilass in hexane = .,it7rrt{(1) r 1007b lt E3.7291,

P2. ?'o of carbon by mass hexarre = ',,r.,#lf,, x 100% tt 8s.11 %


P3. Hereneialkene/unsaturated hydrocarbon prciduces ntore sorlt
because percentage of carbou by mass in hexene is greater than in
hexane/al kaneisatura-ted hvdrocarbon.

Able to predict OR explain correctly

sauul-siuslsr
P1 . oA of carbon by mass 100o/o ll 83 -12 or'a

oA
Pi. of carbon by mass iu hexauc - IA0o/o ll 85.71 %

OR

P 1 . Hex.ene/alkene/unsaturated hydrocarbon produces more soof beeause


percenlage of r:arhon hy mass in hexene is grenter than in
hexanelalkane,/saturated hvdrocarbon //

P2. Alkene produce more soot than alkane

Able to give an idca

&r:u]ria!-igsr
Dj lfercrrt substancelhyclrocarbon producc ciilferenl sooi ,/,i
'l'ire number of'hydrogen atours per molecule of hvrirocarLrorr
in lrr:rane
is !:l'e atr:r theLlt rn hexene .

ILihat ita] iiman scbciah


4541/?, (PP) o ?ot7 Hak cipta BpM MARA SULiT
Strl-lT .t5J I i3(P l,)

lQuestion; Mark Scheme fiIark


2(a) Ab[e to record 3 readings accuratety *ttl, ,orr"rt
SaIUIC aesvittf.

Sct i: i 8 V
Set2: 1.1 V -1

Set -1. 0.4 \/

.4blc to record 3 readings correctl! ;-ithoul urtit

fui:urlqiuuyrtr

Sct l: L8 2
Set 2: 1.1
Set 3: 0.;1

Able to record any 2 readingt


"orreri$ I

No response given / wrong response


0

Question Mark Scheme Mark


, (b) Able to state ONE observation correctly

Sarn!lc- unsrvcr
Magnesium electrode becomes thinner/l
(loppcr electrode bccomes ihicker,ii -1

Bluc coloui- tun'ls,' becolne paieri coiourlessi/

l'h r need i c tr i-','i.r1 tn.iciirr ri r-il ect ed.

.lble to stute ohsert'arion.for the orperii.ni

.S,liut]S.ltlrU r.:i
I,iag:esi Lrnt e:l ectroii e tiisso I ve.s,,/ I

it,'-i',:.i:r I ,l,iuc e,'j.,il, il*,t.j.ci:(c l

\,1g corrode
I

^1 hle to gir,t: un i d ca .f r; r t it t ob sert'atio rt. -l I

lr
'l
I

1 1n1 ch:u,grr:r ai a'i"a,r, ,.,. j


i
\ u t'r,.trr,il tt, t)t tt,t(ttt! un \h,(,r I
I
(l^l r

I
I

1511'2 (PP),..,ti;t^ ilak Cip::r iil,\,i \i:,ii,\


[1.iilit halanrar: srbc]ah
S Lr t,Il'
5L T-E i 4541/-i{;':ri

Mark scheme

-l (c.l 4ble to state the correct opttrationsl de-iinition.fttr redox resclioil irt
Set III y,ith the J'ollox,ing aspects'

i. What mr.rst be dnne


lcopper dipped intti ,:oppcv'(lI) sulphata cu'td sih,cr
dipped into silver nilrate solutiortl

ANI)

Z, \\4rat is observed
It,o[tmeter needle deflected/ the y,ohagc i.s 0.411

Sanrnlc arlfrrerl

1. Wlten copper dipped into copper(ll) sulphate and silver dipped into
silver nitlate solution. the voltmeter needle deilectedi the voltaqe rs 0..,iV

.4ble to state the corrtcl optrational dc/inition.for re dox re.action iil


Set III with the following aspects

1. What must be done


lcoppcr ciipped into copper(Il) sttiphate anti silt'er
ciippeci into ,silver nitrate solutionl

OR

l. \\'lrat rs ol'rscn,cd
lvitltnletr:r needle tie/lectedi lhe "',oltdgi: i.t l) 1l')

Sqrxpig_anslv_ql

lledox reaction is an oxidation and reduction hai:1-.ens at the sure tjr.ne r'

I
sinruItaneouslv i,'
I \\ .- .-'-r.'(ll) :-:1.1tliC ,,r.i ril'
i-,^,- r.()l-.1)i,': 11l1.1r1rl iiii . _'r ail;, ,,r :;1rrr
I

I siivor nitratr: sohii.irxr. tiie lcitmeler dcf]ecteci.


I
I

I
'IltIc to gin: ,, ,,,, i,!,,:u u{tln,' ,tpt'ruti:onu!,1t,finitiott.
i

S4i_rI!e 91.:tt._ru
i

l
I . it4i:"a1 tirl;peti irri.r.i si,l iri.itrii.
I

I
1
h'o respon"'? 0r x,rlng $tls,l+'ef 0-
i-_

il-ihat halanan scbclair


451112 (PP) ,r, L0ll ]1ak Cipta iil']lvl IiIARA SULIT
SL;t_l'f .i5J 1i3 (tlP)

Qucstion
I

\Iark schrnre \Ia r ii


;, (G)
;,. (il
,.:
Able to explain the presence oJ'blue r^pot L,orrectlv

S-a-ti:p19-eqs_lgt

Iron is more clcctropositive than siiver-i','


The position olirorr is liigher rhan silvei in the Electrochcnrical Serre_s
or \/ice versa)
Able lo explain the presence o.{ blae spot less correctly

.
1 Rusting of ir.rin occur' ,ii
2. Iie + Fe2* + Zell
3. lron atoi.n donates ttr,o eiectrons 1o ftrnl iron (ll) ion ii
r+ 'l'he iron
nail crorrodes ,,,'
5. I'he iltrn ltail dissolves ,',r
(r. 'l'he iron nail oxidizes r,'
i. Ircrn donates electrons i'r
8. iron rs rnore eiectropositive I reaclive ll
9. Silver is less electropositive/ reactive i'l
10. 1'he position of iron is higher than silver //
1 l.
'fhe position of iron is higher in Electrochemical
Series /i
12. I'he position of silver is lorver in Electrochemical Series

Able to state thc idea presence of blue spat less correctl)?

Salnpic an.,;n.u
1. Fe=2cgFc'
2. Fe2- + 2e ) Fe
3 The iron nail changed.
4. I'i-ic presence of iron(li) ion
5. The pcrsition oi-iron is lor'.,ei"than siiier in Electl.ochentical
trr r_ie < i,ul Sl i
Scr-ies i

,\'o respottse 0r ttlrong {tnsb,ar

lLihat iralaritiin scseiah


J51 1i2 (PP) l()l; i1:rk ('irtir L-i[,h.l \4riRA SULiT'
ll;r 5.r
ti; 454i,'3(FP)

Question h'Iark Scheme l'1*rli


j iiri i;ii Abte to state thi ii;;s";ii;trrst* rf th; i;;ii|i'prtritin ti*;;;rtb
Sq pie_e1grvel
Irrtcnsit;, r''l hlue sp^t irrcrr:usq..i lrig!rcl' 3
rr llen rir.ltc incretse/ loneer

Able ta stfite tlre chunge ot'intensity o.f the blue spot tyith time less
correctlv

S arnl;lc*ansrvcr
2
intelrsit1, of blue spitt irrcrease/ bi ggeri highcr

Able to state the idea of change of intensity of the blue spot t


'iti iii
5ii:tl:i_e_:Ur_q1!CL 1

Blue spot increase/ higgeri change

No response or wrong dflswer 0

I Liiiat halantan -.cbclah


,154112 (Fl') ,o 2ii t7 Hak Cipta BpM lrir\RA
SULIT
S LI i- I'I' i1 .{5.1 I i -1{ I'P i

Question *{ark Scheme ,\I ark l

' (c)
.4hle to classift' ull fir,e raactonts into reducing and oxidizing agert
correctly. J

L Corrcel. heedings
2. List of reducing md o:,.idizing agents

'!1uu]-q.:::sroq

Reducing agent Oxidising agent


l,4asxcsiurr . llronrine water
Porfssiurn iociiile . Acidified potassium
Hvdrogen sulphide gas manganate(\zII)

#Score l: ifreverse

Able to classifj, any j reactants coryectly 2

Able to classify any 2 reectonts coruectty 1

No responss or wrong answer


0
https://cikguadura.wordpress.com/

ILihat haiarran sebelait


.45411L (PP) .: ti) t- it:r. (';pr:L ut,\i \.i ..,1r..,\
S L'LI'f
SUT,IT' 12 j+5'i i i3(Ftii)

Question h'Iark Scheme &iar"ii

3 (a) Able to state the problem statfient o.f the experiment correcii';

San:p& aus.,r,'er

Horv to diff.erentiafe calciurn carbona-te ;1pd 12lqirs11 sr:!nhate based llr 3

action of heaV [using any nalued acid)'? lt


Can calcium carbonate and calciLrm sulphate be c'iifTbrcntiated b,r acliorr
of heaV lusing any named acid'l?

Able to state problem stotenreilt less correctb


.S-rLn-D]s-iI]I!u'q
Horv to diffcrentiate calcium carbonatelcarbonate salL/ shel1 and caicirint
sulphate/sulphate salt,i'plasle:- of Pnris"l r,r 2

Can calcium carbonateicarbonate saltishell :urd calciun-r


sulphate/suiphate salt/ 'plasier of Paris' tie difi'crentiated? lr'
Can sait be ditferentiated by action of heat/ rcaction rvith acicl?
Ab:l.e n give an idefr af problem ststement af the experiment

Sample answefi
1. Carbonate and sulphate are different //
2. Different salts have different rcaetion ll I

3. Mentioning the physical properties of salt /l


(e.g calcium carbonatc is insoiuble in water/lcaicium sulphate is
a solid salt etc.)
No response or wrong reipons'e i.)

Question l\'Iark Scheme I

3 (b) Able lo state the variables correctly.

S,.:t.ltllqi:rsu:ct:

Manipulated varialrle : Calciurl carbonate and calciunr sulnhate r',' I

tr?c ot'saltsil carbonaie salt anC srrlphare sali I

l)., ,.,,...1:.,.. "..- l-t


1\L \[t(,/i(r.,i]- ] "1, I l{rl! Gas i"uirls ilic iiit;c ciriiiil'r, .,r
'.'a',ci
bubhl cs of' sasliciJir!'r'Sc()uiie

Fircrl r',rrialrlc i\4ass oi'-calts/l itpc oi-acidi'i' Iirne u ater


,'ible lo slale ilil1,tti,o +'uriabltt r:orrectil'$r ; 1,oy;,161c. t'orrerily unti ')
ideo rtf t*t, yuriohlcs
,<titi rr, t,trti orrrl, ,l,i,li ,,,ir,,itr,., t:orrccl!,,, ttr idL,c o.f 3 rariables 1

l'rt rrs'pons'e 0r :x'r0n1,: uns'r{,iti' b

[Lihai i'ialanran selr *] air


4541 2 (I'l') c.2()t7 t-lak t ipra Lii,M \1ARA $L,I,iT
SiJLIT t.1 {5.i I ti(t}i})

ar*tir; llark Scheme I\,Iark


3 (c) ,lhle to stttte rhe ,rti,ti,,,lrtiii iolnr,,,,u rtri iii-ripAotrA ,i,liiitt" on,t
the responding r:ariable aild stete the tlirt,t.lirtrt t.orrectllr

,!.!:Ul.:i!r:[ci
\\/hen calciurn cai-bonate rs heateri. sas released tunts the
]j41c r1-rilcr
qlgUdI u,hiie- r,hen calciuir-r sulphate is irer:ed. tlre lirne u,nlcr rcmains
unchanged.

OR

when caicium carbonare is adciecli nutr reacts u,ith IIClfnamcd acid].


gas releaserl tur:rs tire Iinrc u,atcr clurrclvgrrs llLrbblcs proiir_rcsili/ r,,,hile
rvhen calciunr sulpliaie is added/ put,'reacts uirh llcl[named acid], the
lime u,ater rcmains unchanged// no gas bubbles produced.

Able to state the relationship betx,een tn, orl


the responding variable *irhout stating the"r"iip"t"t"iiorroot,
direction ,/ reverse
direction

Sq,!p]g ili5,el
1. when calsium carbcrnater carbonate sart is heated, a colourless
gas released fums the lirnc r.r'ltcr- clttLrclv //
2. when caicium sulphatei sulphate salt is heated. the iime rvarcr
rernaills unchangeci,',/
3, Gas released tun"rs lhe lirric:rr atcf_liCgil u,hen calcium
car'bonate,'cari:onatc sait is heatcd rvhile the lirle *.att:r r.r:nrains
unciranged *'hen calciuni -sLrllrhnte, suiphate salt is heatecl ,. 1

.+. l"hc l,inc u'atcr tiints cioudr.

Able to s'tate the idea o/-hvpothesis

Siilnltle altsi\'ai"

i. Lttnc rYatel chani:r'Lt


?,-l]:1!-iqt -'al t:' ci il ere-nt I cac
i ti Ljrr i
I

:\'o respottse 0r hrlnX ails4,er -t I


n:
(/ I
j I

lLihat naliiman sebcliih


15,11i2 (PF) i :()t- ]lrik tiipra i]J,\,i \,iARA SULI]
.)L L-t I 14 ,i5,ill:i{PP}

Question Mark Schcme h{ark


3 (d) ,4ble to list ull the materials and apparotus

fui:n,,;rlll:*,vqr

fl-lcatingl
Materials: L-alcium earbonate, caleium sulphate. lirne lvater.
Apparatus: Boilirig tube, test tube. ie*st tube holder, ul1sen burner,
stopper and delir,ery fr-rbc,
--1

OR

IAcid]
Matetials: Calcium carbonate" caicium sulpirate. f any narned acidl
Apparatus: Boiling tube, test hrbe, iest tube holder, stopper and
delivery tube.

Able to list the following ntaterinls and oppslatus


$3rnirle an"1l!ql

Materials : any named carbonate salt (except NazCOr and KzCO:), any
2
named suiphate salt, lirne r.vater

Apparatus: Boiling tube, test tube, Bunsen bumer. stopper and delivery
tube

Able tu un! one of the sslt and suitahle container

-Sample answer: 1

Materials : Any narneci carbonate salt l/ any namerl sulphate salt.


Ntr:CO: i/ K:CO: . lime ivater.

Apparatus: ,,\rrv suitirblc coritainer. Bunscn burncl

No response or wrong afls:.*,er 0

[Lihat halaman scbelah


454112 (PP) ro 2a1"7 Hak Cipta Bph4 MARA SULIT
S Lr},I1' 15 i5-t 1i3(P P)

Mark Scheme

S_rtUuL:_lAUri

U_lg4ti!'r I

Put/place 1 sparula (2-5g) of carcium carbonate into a boiiing


rul-.c.
1'he boiling rube rs sroppered with a <lerivery tube dippecl
into lirnc
lvaier rr,/ bubble,'ficri,rohanneliipass through ti're gas pioduced
into
lime,,i,ater (bi, using deliverl, tube).
--) _ Heat the salt strongly.
.1. CJbsen,c anri rercorii an1, changes.
,5. I{epeat step 1 uirtil ,5 b1.,rcplacing calciuin carbonate lvith calciunr
sulphate .

OR
IAcid]
l, i'uvplace 1 spatula (2-5g) of carcium carbonate into a boiring
tube.
Add HCI into the boiling tube
J. Stoppered with a delivery tube dipped into lime water ll
bubble/flou'ichamel//pass through the gas produced into rime
u,ater (by using delivery tube).
4. Observe and rccor.d anv changes.
5. Repeat step i until 3 by replacing calcium carbonate rvith calciurn
sulphate.

Ahle ta list steps 1,3 and ,4 {HeatingJ


,-lble to list sreps 1,2 und -/ l.4cit:tl

Ahle to list steps I snd 3 [HeatingJ


.lhle to list -cteps I ond 2 f.,lcidl
.\'o respon.s'c or h,r0fi!: etz.\'*:er
!

I Lihat halainan scbeialt


1511 2 (PP) ,-. lirt. ]-lrrr Crpr:r lt})\i irl ,rri.,.i s Lli_l'f
s tj i-i'E' i6 +5.4113(F ri

Mark Scherne
https://cikguadura.wordpress.com/
,4ble to tsbul&te the dalq u,ith the follotting aspacts
I /-^.--^^. +:+l ^-
2. Co;npieic iisi cf saiisi ci;ii-ip;i:u;il1s

,cilt!-tl-c- orutlgt

-i'1pe Any suitahle RV (e.g olrsen,alion.


of salts
chanue ol'lime \\'alc1'. ctc i

Calcium carbonate

Calcium sulphate

Observaiion

Calcium carbonate

Calcium sulphate

la : formula]

AbIe ta tubulste the data but ineomplete

Sarnirle aiis-w*r

T-ype of salts

'I-1pe
ol salts

OR
--_t

I
I

t*_ I

ia: ionni-ilal

l'tt rcsStttnse or *roilo an,'''ltlct' 0

I,-ND OF' hX,IFTKINC SCIII]]{E

154117 (Pl'}) rc20l7 ilax (.iptaB))N,lNlAIiA SULTT