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FORM 2 SCIENCE

CHAPTER 6 AIR PRESSURE

1. Air Pressure

c. Crushing of tin can.

a. Is collision of air particles on the wall of the container

b. Air is a substance that is made up of matter. It fills space and has weight.

c. Atmospheric pressure is caused by air in the atmosphere.

d.

Force

Area

Pressure =

= Nm

2

i. When water boils, steam molecules push air molecules out of the can before the can is closed tightly.

ii. When the can is cooled by cold water on the outside, the steam inside the can is condensed into water. The air pressure inside the can become lower than the outside atmospheric pressure. Hence the walls of the can are pushed inwards by the higher atmospheric pressure until the can crushes.

i. The bigger the area, the smaller the

pressure.

P =

F

A

ii. The smaller the area, the bigger the

pressure.

F

P ≠= A

iii.
d.

2. Air exerts pressure

a. (i) The water does not spill because atmospheric pressure upward on the cardboard is sufficient to hold the water

Atmospheric pressure on the surface of paper.

i. When the portion of the ruler which just out is tapped suddenly, the other end of ruler does not move upwards.

ii. This is because atmospheric pressure forces downwards on the paper.

(ii) Atmospheric pressure from all direction. b. Milk only flows out when two holes are

i. The milk can’t flow out with a hole as the atmospheric air pressure is higher than the air pressure inside the can. ii. The air enters the upper hole and equalizes the air pressure inside and outside the can and push the milk to flow out continuously.

.

e. Action of atmospheric pressure on an egg.(hard boiled shelless egg)

i. The egg is placed at the mouth of the bottle.

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ii. After the pieces of paper have been burnt, it is observed that the egg will slowly move into the bottle.

-

The balloon increases in size because the air pressure outside the balloon becomes lower than inside the balloon.

iii. This is because when the pieces of paper have been completely burnt, the air inside the bottle becomes less and pressure drops.

iv. The atmospheric pressure outside bottle (which is higher) pushes the egg into the bottle (which is lower).

c.

The plastic container becomes dented when the air is sucked out from the container because the air pressure inside the container is lower than the atmosphere pressure.

3. a. Syringe

Diagram (i)
Diagram (ii)
Low Pressure
High Pressure
i. Distance
between air
particles
i. Distance between
air particles
decrease / nearer.
increase.
ii. The frequency of
ii. The frequency
of collisions
become lesser.
collisions become
greater.
iii.Volume smaller
iii. Volume bigger
iv. Pressure higher
iv. Pressure lower
v. Particles move
v. Particles move
faster.
slower.

b.

4.

Effect of temperature on the volume of air / air pressure

-
5.

temperature , volume , air pressure , particles move faster

Rubber suction hook

- The bigger the diameter of the rubber suction, the stronger it sticks onto the wall.

6. A dented ping pong ball becomes round again when put into hot water. The hot air inside the ping pong exerts higher pressure on the wall of the ping pong ball to be round again.

7. Pump more air into a balloon

i. The distance of air particles decrease.

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ii.

The rate of collision is higher.

9.

iii. The pressure increase

iv. The particles move faster / Kinetic energy higher.

v. Air particles strike the walls more frequently.

8. Mercury Barometer i. To measure the atmospheric pressure.

ii. The height of the mercury decrease when the apparatus is bought up the top of the mountain which has lower atmospheric pressure.

Air is cooled
Air is heated
- distance nearer /
closer
- distance further a
apart
- kinetic energy
lower / collision
lower / particles
move slower
- kinetic energy
higher / collision
greater / particles
move faster
- pressure lower
- pressure higher
- loss of heat
- absorb heat
Mass, size, number of
molecules and the
weight remain
unchanged

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