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Hindustan Aviation Academy 8.

What type of cable construction is shown in the


diagram below?
Aircraft Maintenance Engineering Second Semester
a) Flexible
Materials and Hardware Module 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, 6.10, 6.11 b) Extra-flexible
c) Non-flexible
1. What is the name given to a control cable whose construction is of the 7 x 19 strand
type?
a) Nonflexible cable
b) Flexible cable.
c) Extra-flexible cable. 9. What is the item shown in the diagram below?
2. What is the name given to a control cable whose construction is of the 7 x 7 strand type? a) Turnbuckle
a) Nonflexible cable b) Nicopress
b) Flexible cable c) Swaged end fitting
c) Extra-flexible cable
3. What are the names of the three types of construction of steel cable used for aircraft
control systems?
a) Carbon steel, Corrosion resistant steel and Galvanised steel.
10. What is type of swaging sleeve is shown in the diagram below
b) Nonflexible, Flexible and Extra-flexible cable
a) Turnbuckle
c) Rigid cable, Flexible and Extra-flexible cable
b) Nicopress
4. Which one of the following components is used to change the direction of a cable?
c) Swaged end fitting
a) transfer box
b) A redirector
c) A pulley
5. What is a 7 x 19 cable made up of?
a) Seven wires, each having 19 separate strands
b) Seven strands, each having 19 separate wires
c) Seven cables, each having 19 separate strands 11. What is the fitting shown in the diagram below?
6. What is the main function of an automatic cable tensioning device in a control system? a) Turnbuckle
a) Provide feedback. b) Nicopress
b) Maintain correct cable tension. c) Swaged end
c) Provide safety backup in the case of cable failure. fitting
7. What type of cable construction is shown
in the diagram below?
a) Extra-flexible.
b) Flexible.
c) Non-flexible.
12. What is the majority of wiring in aircraft made from? 19. What is the term which describes the squeezing of a terminal around a wire to secure the
a) Single strand copper. wire providing a high quality electrical connection?
b) Stranded copper. a) Crushing.
c) Stranded steel copper coated. b) Crimping.
13. What does the coating with tin, silver, or nickel to help prevent in aircraft wiring? c) Clipping.
a) Induction. 20. What is the quickest and most reliable method of termination for wiring?
b) Reduction. a) Soldering.
c) Oxidation. b) Welding.
14. What is the process called where metallic sheathing is incorporated around wiring to c) Crimping.
eliminate interference caused by stray electromagnetic energy? 21. Which style of terminal virtually eliminates the possibility of circuit failure due to
a) Armour. terminal disconnection?
b) Shielding. a) The spade terminal.
c) Heat Shrink. b) The hook terminal.
15. What type of wire is used in ignition leads of Piston engine aircraft? c) The ring terminal.
a) Coax cable. 22. What is used to attach a LARGE lug or terminal to a wire?
b) Low tension cable. a) Hand crimpers.
c) High tension cable. b) Hydraulic crimpers.
16. Which reference provides specifications of the time delay required before performing c) Screw-on terminals.
maintenance on high tension ignition systems on gas turbine engines? 23. What are sockets, in a connector plug, electrically connected to?
a) Jeppesen Text Book. a) The power supply for the circuit.
b) Aircraft Maintenance Manual. b) The earth supply for the circuit.
c) Aircraft Wiring Diagram. c) Crimps on the socket side of the plug.
17. What does the illustration shown below represent? 24. What does the illustration shown below represent?

a) A plug.
b) A receptacle.
a) A coaxial cable. c) A backshell.
b) A generator feeder cable.
25. With regard to electrical connectors, what operation do the described limits allow for,
c) A low-voltage supply cable. with voltage and current ratings?
18. Coaxial cable is used for connecting radio equipment to what other pieces of equipment?
a) Intermittent operation under varying combinations of ambient temperature and
a) Power supply busbars. circuit current load.
b) Antennas.
b) Continuous operation under the maximum combination of ambient temperature and
c) Grounding points. circuit current load.
c) Intermittent operation under the maximum combination of ambient temperature and 31. In a reduction gear system, which gear is the largest?
circuit current load.
a) Driving
26. How is the correct alignment of plugs and receptacles achieved?
a) Alignment screws. b) Driven
b) Alignment dowels. c) Input
c) Alignment back shell.
27. Which term is given to separator material in plugs and connectors? 32. What type of gear is shown?
a) Conductor. a) Rack and Pinion.
b) Sleeve.
c) Insulator. b) Worm gear.

28. What type of gear is shown in the illustration below? c) Helical gear.

a) A hypoid gear.
b) A bevel gear.
c) A helical gear. 33. What type of gear is shown?
a) Rack and Pinion.
b) Sector gear.

29. What types of gears are shown? c) Helical gear

a) Spur gears.
b) Bevel gears.
c) Helical gears. 34. A driven and driving gear of the same size and shape are meshed together to transmit
mechanical power. What purpose is served by gears of the same shape but different
sizes?
a) To increase or decrease rotational power.
30. What type of gear is shown? b) To change drive direction.
a) Hypoid gear. c) To serve as idler gears in a system.
b) Bevel gear. 35. What is the purpose of gear ratios?
c) Helical gear. a) To inhibit mechanical motion.
b) To provide mechanical advantage.
c) To supply automatic movement.
36. In a gear train consisting of an idler gear and two other gears, how does the idler gear
affect the gear ratio?
a) It increases the gear ratio.
b) It decreases the gear ratio. 43. Where are control chains used in aircraft?
c) It has no effect. a) Where a system requires a relatively large amount of force to operate.
37. In a reduction gear system, which gear is the largest? b) Where there is a large distance between two hardware items.
a) Driving c) Where the use of a gear train is impractical.
b) Driven 44. Which piece of hardware is used to guide and change direction of a control cable?
c) Input a) Sprocket.
38. What are Idler gears also known as? b) Pulley.
a) Interim gears. c) Hypoid Gear.
b) Gear trains. 45. Where long chain systems are used, what may be used to support the chain?
c) Intermediate gears. a) An idler sprocket.
39. When two gears are required to rotate in the same direction the inclusion of what type of b) A drive sprocket.
gear would achieve this outcome?
c) A driven sprocket.
a) Bevel gear.
46. What two shapes are drive belts available as?
b) Idler gear.
a) Vee and non slip toothed.
c) Hypoid gear.
b) U and anti friction tongue.
40. Idler gears are utilised in reduction gear assemblies to:
c) Oval and cut resistant square end.
a) Link gears together and not affect the speed ratio between the input and output
gears. 47. What force does an idler sprocket deliver to a chain system?

b) Link gears together and also affect the ratio of speed between the input and output a) Torsional force to the drive sprocket via an endless chain.
gears. b) Tension force to the chain itself.
c) Link gears together and change the gear ratio between the input and output gears. c) An idler sprocket does not deliver any force; it is used to support the chain.
41. What is a feature of a non-reversible chain assembly? 48. What type of gear is shown?
a) Will only travel in one direction. a) Hypoid gear.
b) Can only be fitted in one direction. b) Worm gear.
c) Can only be used with an idler pulley. c) Helical gear.
42. Which one of the following statements is correct?
a) Drive belts and pulleys, like gears, do have a gear ratio.
b) Drive belts and pulleys, unlike gears, do not have gear ratios.
c) Drive belts and pulleys are not affected by gear ratios.
49. What can be done to regain the softness of a 2017 aluminium alloy (D) rivet if it goes b) Needle Roller bearing.
hard prior to installation? c) Plain bearing.
a) Nothing as they can only be heat treated once. 59. What is the reason for using locking devices on aircraft fasteners?
b) They can be heat treated again. a) To secure non-stressed panels.
c) They can be snap frozen with dry ice. b) To prevent items from vibrating loose.
50. What is the primary reason for using dowels? c) To secure stressed panels.
a) Assist in holding parts together during assembly. 60. Where is copper lock wire used on aircraft?
b) Maintain precision alignment and correct orientation of mating surfaces. a) Engine exhausts.
c) As a substitute for solid rivets in sheet metal repairs. b) Emergency Equipment.
51. What type of fit is a Class 4 fit in aircraft bolts? c) Propeller blades.
a) A close fit that requires a wrench to turn a nut onto a bolt. 61. What is the term used by tradespeople to assist in the identification of various types of
b) A loose fit, where a nut can be easily turned with the fingers. threaded fasteners?
c) A medium fit, where resistance to turning the nut can be felt. a) Thread callout.
52. In what applications can self tapping screws be used? b) Thread pitch.
a) In structural applications where approved. c) Thread diameter.
b) In non-structural or lightly loaded structural applications only. 62. What type of screw is NOT threaded for its entire shank length?
c) In non-structural applications only. a) A structural screw.
53. What type of tube fitting uses a preset sleeve (ferrule) to form a seal? b) A non-structural screw.
a) AN Flared fitting. c) A machine screw.
b) MS Flareless fitting. 63. Which of the following is a well known use for disc springs?
c) MS Flared fitting. a) Car suspensions.
54. What is the spring called, that usually has the centre firmly anchored, while the ends are b) Clocks.
free to move (sometimes used on the undercarriage legs of light aircraft) c) Lock washers.
a) Leaf spring. 64. How is rigid tube size stated?
b) Torsion bar spring. a) Inside diameter measured in increments of 1/16.
c) Archimedes spring. b) Outside diameter measured in increments of 1/16.
55. What are the usage limits for swaged end fittings? c) Tube wall gauge given in 1/16.
a) Usage is unlimited. 65. What is used in conjunction with fasteners when precision alignment and correct
b) Can be re-used up to 3 times. orientation of two mating surfaces is required?
c) Can only be used once. a) Dowels.
56. Which bearing has rolling elements that are significantly greater in length than in b) Bolts.
diameter? c) Studs.
a) Needle roller bearing 66. How are aircraft flexible lines classified?
b) Taper roller bearing a) The amount of expansion and shrinkage they are designed to negate.
c) Self aligning bearing b) The amount of pressure they are designed to withstand.
57. How are thrust loads acting on a bearing defined? c) The amount of flex they are designed to have.
a) Forces acting along the shaft, pulling or pushing it 67. What type of fitting creates a seal by wedging the male thread into the female thread?
b) Forces acting diagonal to the shaft axis a) Universal fitting.
c) Forces acting at right angles to the shaft axis. b) MS flareless fitting.
58. Which one of the following is not a rolling element bearing? c) Tapered pipe fitting.
a) Thrust Ball bearing. 68. What precaution should be taken when installing tapered pipe thread fittings?
a) Ensure only grey or yellow fittings are used. a) 1/8
b) A torque wrench must be used to ensure there is no leakage from the connection. b)
c) Care must be taken not to crack aluminium or magnesium housings. c) 7/32
69. Apart from maintaining alignment, what other purpose are split hollow dowels used for? 76. What type of spring is pictured below?
a) As sleeves in damaged holes. a) Extension.
b) As temporary roll pins. b) Compression.
c) As bushings for rotating components. c) Torsion.
70. Which two systems are used to identify solid rivets?
a) Air Force Army (AFA) and Defence Standards 20 (DS20).
b) Air Force-Navy (AN) and Military Standards 20 (MS20).
c) Air Force-Army-Navy (AAN) and Civilian Standards 20 (CS20).
71. As well as the socket and nipple, which component is considered to be a re-usable fitting
for flexible lines?
a) The sleeve.
b) The union. 77. What type of spring is pictured below?
c) The nut. a) Round spring.
72. Ball and Roller bearings are constructed mainly from high carbon chromium, and what b) Spiral spring.
other material?
a) Nickel-alloy steel
b) Stainless steel.
c) Babbitt.
73. What kind of fastener is pictured below?
a) Cherry.
b) Hi-lok.
c) Jo-bolt.

c) Helical spring.
78. Where are thrust bearings used?
a) Where journal loads are acting on a shaft.
74. Which response best describes the thread of a 0.625 pipe fitting manufactured to a b) Where radial loads are acting on a shaft.
British standard with 22 teeth per inch? c) Where axial loads are acting along a shaft.
a) 22 625 BSB. 79. Which type of self tapping screw has a blunt point and slightly finer threads than the
b) 5/8 22 BSP. other type of self tapping screw?
c) 7/16 22 BSP. a) Type-D.
75. What diameter does a MS20426 AD 4-7 have?
b) Type-B. c) NSA, NDT and MIL.
c) Type-A. 89. Identify the items of common aircraft hardware shown below:
80. What letter code identifies an aluminium rivet with a dimple on its head? a) Circlips.
a) AD. b) Spring washers.
b) E.
c) DD.
81. What type of point does a Type-A self-tapping screw have?
a) Gimlet (sharp) point.
b) Gimlet (blunt) point.
c) Gimlet (Rounded) point.
82. What is the construction of a low pressure flexible line? c) Flat washers.
a) Seamless rubber inner liner, cotton braid, and a smooth or ribbed rubber outer cover. 90. Which 2 aluminium alloy rivets are sometimes known as icebox rivets?
b) Seamless synthetic rubber inner liner, synthetic rubber impregnated cotton braid a) D and DD.
reinforcement and a steel wire braid reinforcement. b) AD and D.
c) Layers of spiral-wound stainless steel wire encased in a special synthetic rubber. c) AD and BD.
83. What are threads referred to as, in the American and Unified thread identification 91. Where on an aircraft would Dzus fasteners be found?
systems? a) To allow easy access for the Aircrew.
a) Rough, smooth and extra smooth. b) On frequently removed panels.
b) Coarse, fine and extra fine. c) On structural panels only.
c) High, medium and extra low. 92. What are the elements of Thread callout?
84. What is a plain bearing of one piece cylindrical construction called? a) External circumference of the thread, width and thread length.
a) An anti-friction bearing b) External diameter of the thread, TPI, type of thread and thread form.
b) A thrust bearing c) External height of the thread, thread length and thread depth.
c) A bush or bushing 93. What is used in conjunction with a lock washer?
85. What are large diameter lines carrying low pressure fluids (such as engine return oil and a) Lock wire.
cooling air) typically joined by? b) Standard washer.
a) A rubber hose that is slipped over beaded tube ends. c) Shake proof washer.
b) double flared tube ends with a universal union. 94. How are thrust loads acting on a bearing defined?
c) reuseable swaged fittings with screw type hose clamps. a) Forces acting diagonal to the shaft axis
86. What type of nut is used for mounting instruments into aircraft? b) Forces acting along the shaft, pulling or pushing it
a) Tinnerman. c) Forces acting at right angles to the shaft axis.
b) Castellated. 95. How is a flexible hose size determined?
c) Check. a) Wall thickness in 1/16.
87. What type of locking device is often used to prevent an aircraft plain nut from working b) Outside diameter in 1/16.
loose? c) Inside diameter in 1/16.
a) A check nut. 96. How are smooth-sided dowels installed?
b) A nylon wedge. a) Glued in.
c) A roll pin. b) Screwed in.
88. What are the three American Standards for aircraft hardware? c) Press fit.
a) AN, MS and NAS. 97. How is the length of a countersunk solid rivet measured?
b) BAC, AMS and FOW. a) From the bottom of the countersink to the end of the shank.
b) From the top of the head to the end of the shank.
c) By measuring the diameter of the shank and multiplying by two.
98. What length does an AN426 AD 5-4 have?
a) 1/8
b) 5/32
c)
99. What two head styles are solid rivets available in?
a) Domed and Recessed.
b) Universal and Domed.
c) Universal and Countersunk.
100.Why are studs used sometimes instead of bolts or screws?
a) They can be easily removed in the event of component failure.
b) They are much easier to install than either bolts or screws.
c) To prevent damage to tapped holes on frequently separated joints.