Sei sulla pagina 1di 1

Alcuni sviluppi di McLaurin notevoli (si sottintende ovunque che i resti sono trascurabili per x 0)

n
[
x2 x3 xn xk
ex
=1+x+ + + + + o (xn ) = + o (xn )
2! 3! n! k!
k=0
[n
x3 x5 x2n+1   x2k+1  
sinh x =x+ + + + + o x2n+2 = + o x2n+2
3! 5! (2n + 1)! (2k + 1)!
k=0
[n
x 2
x 4
x 2n   x2k  
cosh x =1+ + + + + o x2n+1 = + o x2n+2
2! 4! (2n)! (2k)!
k=0
1 2  
tanh x = x x3 + x5 + o x6
3 15
n
[
x2 x3 x4 xn k1 xk
ln (1 + x) =x + + + (1)n1 + o (xn ) = (1) + o (xn )
2 3 4 n k
k=1
[n
x3 x5 x2n+1   k x2k+1  
sin x =x + + + (1)n + o x2n+2 = (1) + o x2n+2
3! 5! (2n + 1)! (2k + 1)!
k=0
[n
x2 x4 2n   x2k  
n x (1)k + o x2n+1
cos x =1 + + + (1) + o x2n+1 = (2k)!
2! 4! (2n)! k=0

1 2  
tan x = x + x3 + x5 + o x6
3 15
  n 
[ 
1 3 3 5  1/2  x2n+1    1/2  x2k+1  
arcsin x = x + x + x + +   + o x2n+2 =   + o x2n+2
  k  2k + 1
6 40 n 2n + 1 k=0

arccos x = arcsin x
2
n
[
x3 x5 x2n+1   k x2k+1  
arctan x =x + + + (1)n + o x2n+2 = (1) + o x2n+2
3 5 2n + 1 2k + 1
k=0
      [n  
2 3 n k
(1 + x)
= 1 + x + x + x + + x + o (xn ) = x + o (xn )
2 3 n k
k=0
[n
1 k
(1) xk + o (xn )
= 1 x + x2 x3 + x4 + + (1)n xn + o (xn ) =
1+x k=0
[n
1 xk + o (xn )
= 1 + x + x2 + x3 + x4 + + xn + o (xn ) =
1x k=0
  [n  
1 1 1 3 1/2 n 1/2 k
1+x = 1 + x x2 + x + + x + o (xn ) = x + o (xn )
2 8 16 n k
k=0
  [n  
1 1 3 5 3 1/2 n 1/2 k
= 1 x + x2 x + + x + o (xn ) = x + o (xn )
1+x 2 8 16 n k
k=0
  [n  
1 1 5 3 1/3 n 1/3 k
3
1+x = 1 + x x2 + x + + x + o (xn ) = x + o (xn )
3 9 81 n k
k=0
  [n  
1 1 2 7 3 1/3 n 1/3 k
= 1 x + x2 x + + x + o (xn ) = x + o (xn )
3
1+x 3 9 81 n k
k=0
n fattori
    }  ~
( 1) ( n + 1)
Si ricordi che R si pone =1e = n! se n 1.
0 n