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FEED SERVICE FOR SURFACE FACILITIES

DEVELOPMENT OF SOUTH AZADEGAN PROJECT

DocumentNo. SA01GENXXXSDINSPDS0016B03 Discipline IN


Rev. 03 System GEN
Stage B Page 1/10

SPECIFICATION FOR C&I EARTHING

Contract No.: CSA-12S-041SD

Project No.: D-G502-1113

17-Jul-2014 H.GH



03 2013.06.16 Issued for Approval Wang Guoqiang Bao Yu
Cao Ying Raj
02 2013.06.16 Issued for Approval Wang Guoqiang Bao Yu
Cao Ying Raj
01 2013.01.30 Issued for Comments Wang Guoqiang Bao Yu
Cao Ying Raj
Rev. Date Description Prepared by Checked by Reviewed by Approved by

FEEDSERVICEFORSURFACEFACILITIES
DEVELOPMENTOFSOUTHAZADEGANPROJECT

DocumentNo. SA01GENXXXSDINSPDS0016B03 Discipline IN


Rev. 03 System GEN
Stage B Page 2/10
DocumentTitle SpecificationforC&IEarthing
DOCUMENT REVISION HISTORY

REVISION REVISION REVISION


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FEEDSERVICEFORSURFACEFACILITIES
DEVELOPMENTOFSOUTHAZADEGANPROJECT

DocumentNo. SA01GENXXXSDINSPDS0016B03 Discipline IN


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Stage B Page 3/10
DocumentTitle SpecificationforC&IEarthing

Contents
1.0 GENERAL.................................................................................................................................4

1.1 Introduction............................................................................................................................4

1.2 Definitions..............................................................................................................................4

1.3 Abbreviations........................................................................................................................4

2.0 CODESANDSTANDARDS........................................................................................................5

2.1 IPS Standards.......................................................................................................................5

2.2 International Standards........................................................................................................5

2.3 Specification..........................................................................................................................6

3.0 TECHNICALREQUIREMENTS...................................................................................................6

3.1 General..................................................................................................................................6

3.2 Protection Earth....................................................................................................................7

3.3 Instrument Earth...................................................................................................................7

3.4 Intrinsically Safe Earth.........................................................................................................8

3.5 Control System Reference Earth.......................................................................................8

3.6 Installation Recommendations...........................................................................................8

3.7 Resistance Limits.................................................................................................................9

3.8 Testing of Earth Systems.....................................................................................................9

3.9 Responsibilities.....................................................................................................................9



FEEDSERVICEFORSURFACEFACILITIES
DEVELOPMENTOFSOUTHAZADEGANPROJECT

DocumentNo. SA01GENXXXSDINSPDS0016B03 Discipline IN


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DocumentTitle SpecificationforC&IEarthing

1.0 GENERAL

1.1 Introduction

CNPCI is responsible for development operations of the South Azadegan oil field located in
the southwest of the Islamic Republic of Iran, close to the border of Iran and Iraq and 80km
west of Ahwaz city in Khuzestan province.

This specification defines the minimum requirements of the surface facilities development
of the South Azadegan Oilfield for the design, fabrication, testing, and inspection of C&I
Earthing.

1.2 Definitions

Company CNPC International (Iran) Ltd.

PSSC Project Supervision Service Consultancy

Engineering Subcontractor China Petroleum Engineering Company (CPE)

The party who is in charge of awarding agreement on behalf


of Company / Subcontractor for the supply of goods and
Purchaser services in connection with the work

The party to the contract and/or purchase order who will


undertake the obligation to supply the goods and/or
Vendor/Supplier services which are ordered and specified herein

Shall Is used where a provision is mandatory

Should Is used where a provision is advisory only

Is normally used in connection with the action by the


Will "Company" rather than by a contractor, supplier or vendor.

May Is used where a provision is completely discretionary.

1.3 Abbreviations

C&I : Control & Instrumentation

EPC : Engineering Procurement Construction

IE : Instrument Earth System



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DocumentTitle SpecificationforC&IEarthing
IEC : International Electro technical Commission

IPS : Iranian Petroleum Standards

IS : Intrinsically Safe
ISE : Intrinsically Safe Earth system
LER : Local Equipment Room
LCR : Local Control Room
CCR : Central Control Room
PE : Protection Earth
SI : System International Standard Units for Measurement

2.0 CODES AND STANDARDS

Azadegan field facilities shall be designed, constructed and operated in accordance with
the IPS (Iranian Petroleum Standards, 5th edition in 2010) supplemented, where necessary,
by internationally recognized standards.

2.1 IPS Standards

E-EL-100 Engineering Standard for Electrical System Design


(Industrial and Non-Industrial) Appendix I Earthing
bonding and lightening protection

E-IN-180 Engineering Standard for Instrument Electrical Power


Supply and Distribution Systems

E-IN-190 Engineering Standard for Transmission Systems

2.2 International Standards

IEC 60079-0 Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres -


part 0

IEC 61000 Electromagnetic compatibility Earthing & cabling



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DocumentTitle SpecificationforC&IEarthing
2.3 Specification

SA01-GENXXX-SDIN-SPDS-0014 Specification for C&I Cable

Some requirements in this specification may be modified by specific requirements in the


Purchase Specification. In case of conflict, the specific requirements supersede this
specification.

The priority shall be as follows:

1 Material requisition;

2 datasheets, drawings, and specifications;

3 IPS;

4 International Standards.

3.0 TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

3.1 General

All C&I equipment containing an electrical signal or power supply shall be earthed for
personnel safety reasons and for minimising electrical noise interference. This includes
enclosures, cables, cable trays and conduits.
The instrument earth systems include:
Instrument Protection Earth (PE)
Instrument Earth system (IE)
Intrinsically Safe Earth system (ISE)
C&I Earthing system cables shall be coloured as follows:

PE system green-and-yellow
IE system green
ISE system green with blue stripes every 1m and at cable ends
Hereafter are described the rules to be followed for equipment linked to LERs or CCR. The
same rules apply for other similar buildings and areas in the plant.

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DocumentTitle SpecificationforC&IEarthing
3.2 Protection Earth

The PE is used for instrumentation equipment and control systems.


In the field, all instruments, enclosures, equipment, cable armour and cable lead covering
(if required) shall be connected to the PE. For field instruments, the cable steel wire armour
shall be terminated on the instrument housing through the cable gland threaded entry. For
junction boxes, the termination of the steel wire armours shall be earthed through the cable
gland to the junction box wall, which shall be earthed to the PE via the junction box earth
stud.
Within the LERs, LCR and CCR, all instrument enclosures, equipment, cable armour shall
be connected to the PE. Each enclosure in the LERs or CCR shall be fitted with a PE earth
bar. The enclosure steel frame shall be connected to this earth bar. At the LERs and CCR
ends, the cable steel wire armour shall be earthed to PE in the relevant enclosures.
When enclosures have hinged doors, the doors shall be bonded to the enclosure frame
with flexible earth straps.
Each enclosure PE earth bar shall be connected to the PE loop by two 35mm
green-and-yellow cables. The PE loop shall then be connected to the PE earth dispatcher
of the concerned room.
Particular case of false floor in technical rooms:
False floors are connected to the PE loop grid constituted of bare copper stranded wires.
All metallic elements composing the false floor shall be earthed. The grid shall be
connected to the PE loop. This will be confirmed by false floor VENDOR.

3.3 Instrument Earth

The IE is the reference point for all digital and analogue signals. Relevant enclosures in the
LERs shall be fitted with one IE earth bar mounted on insulated blocks.
All relevant instrument cable screens are connected to this point through multi-core cable
overall screens. Screens shall be earthed at one point only. For field instruments, the
screens are insulated from earth at the field end and connected to individual terminal in
junction boxes. For junction boxes, all screens shall be connected to dedicated screen
terminal continuity strips. Junction boxes will be fitted with an extension earth terminal.
Overall screen continuity shall be maintained up to LERs.
Within the LERs, the overall screen, and individual screens if any, of the multi-core cables
shall be connected to screen continuity strips and then to the IE earth bar in the relevant
enclosures. Spare cores within the enclosures shall be connected to terminal blocks and
then bonded to the relevant IE earth bar via insulated conductors with at least the same
section as the spare cores.
For Local Instruments Shields shall be earthed at one point only. This point is located in the
instrument room. Cable glands shall never be used for earthing purposes.
The IE earth bar shall be connected to the IE loop by two 35mm green cables. The IE loop

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Stage B Page 8/10
DocumentTitle SpecificationforC&IEarthing
comprised of 35mm green cable shall then be connected to the IE earth dispatcher of the
concerned room.

3.4 Intrinsically Safe Earth

The ISE is the reference point for earthing intrinsically safe devices (shields and/or screens,
voltage references, etc.). Relevant enclosures in the LERs shall be fitted with one ISE earth
bar mounted on insulated blocks.
All relevant instrument cable screens are connected to this point through multi cable
screens. Screens shall be earthed at one point only. For field instruments, the screens are
insulated from earth at the field end. For junction boxes, all screens shall be connected to
dedicated screen continuity strips. Screen continuity shall be maintained up to LERs.
Within the LERs, the overall screen, and individual screens if any, of the multi cables shall
be connected to screen continuity strips and then to the ISE earth bar in the relevant
enclosures. Spare cores within the enclosures shall be connected to terminal blocks and
then bonded to the relevant ISE earth bar via insulated conductors with at least the same
section as the spare cores. Galvanic barriers and Zener barriers are connected by this
earth system.
The ISE earth bar shall be connected to the ISE loop by two 35mm green cables with blue
stripes. The ISE loop comprised of 35mm green cable with blue stripes shall then be
connected to the ISE earth dispatcher of the concerned room.

3.5 Control System Reference Earth

The IE is also the reference point for all signals connected to the Control System and their
electronic elements. Enclosures & consoles shall be fitted with one IE earth bar mounted on
insulated blocks. Control System requirements will be confirmed or amended by VENDOR.
All relevant cable screens are connected to this point. Screens shall be earthed at one point
only.
The cable overall screens shall be connected to screen continuity strips and then to the IE
earth bar in the relevant enclosures or consoles.
The instrument earth circuitry shall be a dedicated and isolated from the protection earth in
order to avoid electronic noise and provided with high frequency chokes.
Then the principle is the same as for the other IE earth bars as described in the Instrument
Earth system chapter here above.

3.6 Installation Recommendations

Particular attention shall be paid to the isolation of panel reference earth bars within panels
and enclosures. Cable armour shall not be used for screening purpose. All cable screens
shall be kept insulated from cable armour, instrument housing, steel structure and any
other electric conductors.

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DocumentTitle SpecificationforC&IEarthing
Earth connections requiring contact of clean metal surfaces, paint or other non-conducting
layers shall be removed from the contact areas. After the connection, a protective coating
shall be applied to avoid corrosion.
Earthing bolts of instrument housings, junction boxes, and local panels shall be fitted with
two shark rings to allow low resistance bonding to the earth system.
All cabling shall be suitably protected against mechanical damage, chemicals, heat and
ultraviolet radiation by the appropriate use of steel conduit, channel, cable tray, etc...

3.7 Resistance Limits

Power supply, equipment, and instrument signal earth shall not be interconnected.
Generally, instrument signal cable screen are earthed on an isolated bus that is connected
to a separate earth. The exception can be thermocouple screen, which in many instances
are earthed in the field at the thermocouple head.
The equipment is earthed to the power supply earthing dispatcher. It is recommended that
earthing conductor connect the equipment directly to the earthing dispatcher to ensure a
low impedance ground path.
Power earth is typically specified as a maximum of 3 to 5 resistance to true ground for
most plant applications.
Instrument earth shall be less than 1 resistance.

3.8 Testing of Earth Systems

The earth systems shall be checked to verify the installation compliance with the
requirements described in this specification.
The mechanical completion, the insulation of earth cables and earth connections shall be
checked.
All earth resistances shall be measured and if necessary additional earth connections
added to comply with the resistance limits.

3.9 Responsibilities

Each VENDOR, of field equipment and/or room cabinets, is responsible of the compliance
of the part of earth systems within its scope of supply.
The PE dedicated to instrument equipment, IE, ISE earth dispatchers shall be provided by
the Instrument Construction team.
Instrument Construction team is responsible of:

The connection of instrument field cables and interconnecting cables to the relevant
earth bars

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DocumentTitle SpecificationforC&IEarthing
The connection of structure elements within its scope (example: cable trays) to the
relevant earth dispatchers, dispatchers excluded
The connection of the PE dedicated to instrument equipment, IE, ISE earth bars to
the relevant earth dispatchers, dispatchers excluded
The design and supply of earth bar interconnection elements when applicable
Instrument Construction team is responsible of the PE, IE, ISE earth dispatchers and the
connection of all earth dispatchers to the relevant earth rods.
Electrical Construction team is responsible of the test of the earth systems described in this
specification. Instrument Construction team shall instruct VENDOR and/or Electrical
Construction team to carry out extra work in order to obtain the compliance with this
specification.