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# Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

## Amrita School of Engineering, Amritapuri Campus

Assignment: Entropy and Entropy balance
S1- Thermal and Fluids Engineering
Submit any 10 questions as assignment
1. A rigid tank contains an ideal gas at 40C that is being stirred by a paddle wheel. The
paddle wheel does 200 kJ of work on the ideal gas. It is observed that the temperature of
the ideal gas remains constant during this process as a result of heat transfer between the
system and the surroundings at 30C. Determine the entropy change of the ideal gas.
2. The radiator of a steam heating system has a volume of 20 L and is filled with superheated
water vapor at 200 kPa and 150C. At this moment both the inlet and the exit valves to the
radiator are closed. After a while the temperature of the steam drops to 40C as a result of
heat transfer to the room air. Determine the entropy change of the steam during this process.
3. An insulated pistoncylinder device contains 0.05 m3 of saturated refrigerant-134a vapor
at 0.8-MPa pressure. The refrigerant is now allowed to expand in a reversible manner until
the pressure drops to 0.4 MPa. Determine (a) the final temperature in the cylinder and (b)
the work done by the refrigerant.
4. A 50-kg iron block and a 20-kg copper block, both initially at 80C, are dropped into a
large lake at 15C. Thermal equilibrium is established after a while as a result of heat
transfer between the blocks and the lake water. Determine the total entropy change for this
process.
5. A 25-kg iron block initially at 350C is quenched in an insulated tank that contains 100 kg
of water at 18C. Assuming the water that vaporizes during the process condenses back in
the tank, determine the total entropy change during this process.
6. A 1.5-m3 insulated rigid tank contains 2.7 kg of carbon dioxide at 100 kPa. Now paddle-
wheel work is done on the system until the pressure in the tank rises to 150 kPa. Determine
the entropy change of carbon dioxide during this process. Assume constant specific heats
7. Air is compressed steadily by a 5-kW compressor from 100 kPa and 17C to 600 kPa and
167C at a rate of 1.6 kg/min. During this process, some heat transfer takes place between
the compressor and the surrounding medium at 17C. Determine the rate of entropy change
of air during this process.
8. Air enters a compressor steadily at the ambient conditions of 100 kPa and 22C and leaves
at 800 kPa. Heat is lost from the compressor in the amount of 120 kJ/kg and the air
experiences an entropy decrease of 0.40 kJ/kg K. Using constant specific heats, determine
(a) the exit temperature of the air, (b) the work input to the compressor, and (c) the entropy
generation during this process.
9. Carbon-steel balls ( = 7833 kg/m3 and cp = 0.465 kJ/kg C) 8 mm in diameter are annealed
by heating them first to 900C in a furnace and then allowing them to cool slowly to 100C
in ambient air at 35C. If 2500 balls are to be annealed per hour, determine (a) the rate of
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heat transfer from the balls to the air and (b) the rate of entropy generation due to heat loss
from the balls to the air.
10. Long cylindrical steel rods ( = 7833 kg/m3 and cp = 0.465 kJ/kg C) of 10-cm diameter
are heat treated by drawing them at a velocity of 3 m/min through a 7-m-long oven
maintained at 900C. If the rods enter the oven at 30C and leave at 700C, determine (a)
the rate of heat transfer to the rods in the oven and (b) the rate of entropy generation
associated with this heat transfer process.
11. An iron block of unknown mass at 185F is dropped into an insulated tank that contains
0.8 ft3 of water at 70F. At the same time, a paddle wheel driven by a 200-W motor is
activated to stir the water. Thermal equilibrium is established after 10 min with a final
temperature of 75F. Determine (a) the mass of the iron block and (b) the entropy generated
during this process.
12. A rigid tank contains 1.5 kg of water at 120C and 500 kPa. Now 22 kJ of shaft work is
done on the system and the final temperature in the tank is 95C. If the entropy change of
water is zero and the surroundings are at 15C, determine (a) the final pressure in the tank,
(b) the amount of heat transfer between the tank and the surroundings, and (c) the entropy
generation during this process.
13. A 1200-W electric resistance heating element whose diameter is 0.5 cm is immersed in 40
kg of water initially at 20C. Assuming the water container is well-insulated,determine
how long it will take for this heater to raise the water temperature to 50C. Also, determine
the entropy generated during this process, in kJ/K.
14. Steam at 6 MPa and 500C enters a two-stage adiabatic turbine at a rate of 15 kg/s. Ten
percent of the steam is extracted at the end of the first stage at a pressure of 1.2 MPa for
other use. The remainder of the steam is further expanded in the second stage and leaves
the turbine at 20 kPa. Determine the power output of the turbine, assuming (a) the process
is reversible and (b) the turbine has an isentropic efficiency of 88 percent.

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